keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lactate NOT pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135334/maternal-high-fat-diet-and-its-consequence-on-the-gut-microbiome-a-rat-model
#1
Phyllis E Mann, Kevin Huynh, Giovanni Widmer
The biological changes that occur during pregnancy in the female mammal include shifts in hormonal regulation in preparation for parturition and lactation, and changes in energy metabolism. In women, studies have also shown that during pregnancy there is a reduction in bacterial species richness in the gut. In the current experiment rats were used to model the interaction of diet, reproductive status, and intestinal bacterial microbiota during pregnancy and lactation. In Experiment 1 rats were exposed to either standard chow or high-fat chow (60%) and were divided into two groups: unmated (NULL) or mated (RE)...
November 14, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134651/heavy-metal-contamination-microbiological-spoilage-and-biogenic-amines-content-in-sushi-available-on-the-polish-market
#2
Piotr Kulawik, Dani Dordevic, Florian Gambuś, Katarzyna Szczurowska, Marzena Zając
BACKGROUND: The study determined the heavy metal contamination (mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic and nickel) of nori, restaurant-served sushi and ready-to-eat sushi meals available through retail chains. Moreover the microbiological loads and biogenic amines content in ready-to-eat sushi meals were analysed. RESULTS: All the nori samples contained high levels of Cd (2.122 mg kg(-1) ), Ni (0.715 mg kg(-1) ), As (34.56 mg kg(-1) ) and Pb (0.659 mg kg(-1) ). The studied sushi samples contained high levels of Ni and Pb, reaching 0...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#3
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120921/pregnancy-and-ischemic-stroke-a-practical-guide-to-management
#4
Mayte E van Alebeek, Roel de Heus, Anil M Tuladhar, Frank-Erik de Leeuw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ischemic stroke during pregnancy or the puerperium is a devastating disease during a crucial period in life and warrants a specific approach. To date, current practice is mainly based on expert opinion because of a lack of randomized controlled trials and high-quality observational studies. The present review is intended as a practical guide to (acute) management of ischemic stroke during pregnancy and puerperium. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings showed that the incidence of stroke during pregnancy is rising...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108962/no-detriment-in-taste-response-or-expression-in-offspring-of-mice-fed-representative-levels-of-sucrose-or-non-caloric-sucralose-while-pregnant
#5
Ezen Choo, Robin Dando
Recent studies in mice indicate that consumption of acesulfame K (a high intensity sweetener) while pregnant, can lead to deficits in taste or enhanced sweet consumption in the offspring, leading to concerns the same may be common in human populations. However, this work employed a relatively unpopular sweetener, fed in quantities amounting to over 20× the FDA's Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI). The aims of this study were to test the effects of sucralose, the USA's most popular high intensity sweetener, along with sucrose, on the taste system of the offspring of mice supplemented at a level commensurate with ADIs while pregnant...
November 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108060/effect-of-dried-distiller-s-grains-plus-solubles-in-postpartum-diets-of-beef-cows-on-reproductive-performance-of-dam-and-heifer-progeny
#6
E G Taylor, R P Lemenager, V Fellner, K R Stewart
Forty-eight primiparous and multiparous cows were fed a silage-based total mixed ration (TMR; CON), a TMR with 2.5 kg/d DM dried distiller's grains plus solubles (DDGS; MID), or a TMR with 4.7 kg/d DM DDGS (HIGH) from 8.5 ± 4 to 116 ± 4 d postpartum (DPP). All diets were formulated to be isocaloric for a postpartum ADG targeted at 0.22 kg, whereas CP exceeded requirements in both diets containing DDGS. Blood samples were collected from dams at 7- and 21-d intervals for progesterone concentration (resumption of cyclicity) and plasma urea nitrogen, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107136/maternal-hypercholesterolemia-enhances-oxysterol-concentration-in-mothers-and-newly-weaned-offspring-but-is-attenuated-by-maternal-phytosterol-supplementation
#7
Jerad H Dumolt, Sandhya K Radhakrishnan, Mohammed H Moghadasian, Khuong Le, Mulchand S Patel, Richard W Browne, Todd C Rideout
In hypercholesterolemic pregnancies, the maternal environment is characterized by excessive levels of atherogenic lipids that may increase cardiovascular disease risk in mothers and their offspring. We examined the influence of maternal hypercholesterolemia and phytosterol (PS) intervention on the concentration and metabolism of oxysterols, bioactive oxygenated cholesterol derivatives that regulate arterial health and lesion progression, in mothers and their newly weaned offspring. Twenty-one female apoE(-/-) mice were randomly assigned to three different diets throughout gestation and lactation: (1) chow, (2) high cholesterol (CH; 0...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103725/association-of-immediate-postpartum-plasma-calcium-concentration-with-early-lactation-clinical-diseases-culling-reproduction-and-milk-production-in-holstein-cows
#8
R C Neves, B M Leno, M D Curler, M J Thomas, T R Overton, J A A McArt
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of postpartum plasma Ca concentration with early-lactation disease outcomes, culling within 60 d in milk, pregnancy to first service, and milk production. A total of 1,453 cows from 5 commercial dairy farms in New York State were enrolled in a prospective cohort study from February to November 2015. Blood samples were collected within 12 h of parturition, and plasma was submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for total Ca measurement. Early-lactation disease, reproductive performance, and milk production from Dairy Herd Improvement Association (DHIA) test-day data were compiled from each farm's management software...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099131/alterations-in-lipid-metabolism-due-to-a-protein-restricted-diet-in-rats-during-gestation-and-or-lactation
#9
T C Sosa-Larios, A A Miliar-Garcia, L A Reyes-Castro, S Morimoto, M E Jaramillo-Flores
Perinatal malnutrition affects not only fetal and neonatal growth, but also the health of offspring in adulthood, as suggested by the concept of metabolic programming. The impact of maternal protein malnutrition on the metabolism of offspring is demonstrated with the current data. One group of pregnant/lactating female rats was fed with an isocaloric diet having normal protein content. Three other groups were provided 50% of this protein level during pregnancy and/or lactation. The growth and metabolic state of the offspring was monitored...
November 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093561/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-strong-risk-factor-for-subsequent-hypertension-5-years-after-delivery
#10
Asako Mito, Naoko Arata, Dongmei Qiu, Naoko Sakamoto, Atsuko Murashima, Atsuhiro Ichihara, Ryu Matsuoka, Akihiko Sekizawa, Yukihiro Ohya, Michihiro Kitagawa
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are known to be a risk factor for future cardiovascular diseases. In contrast, there is a paucity of data on the not so distant future prognosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. In the present study, we evaluated the incidence of the diseases causing cardiovascular problems (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome) 5 years after delivery in Japanese women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We performed a double-cohort study and compared medical conditions between women with and without a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy...
November 2, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076555/puncture-and-drainage-of-the-subordinate-follicles-at-timed-artificial-insemination-prevents-the-risk-of-twin-pregnancy-in-dairy-cows
#11
F López-Gatius, Rhf Hunter
The objective of this study was to determine whether fluid drainage from the subordinate follicles by ovum pickup procedures prevents the risk of twin pregnancy without reducing the fertility of the cow. Lactating dairy cows with at least two follicles over 12 mm diameter located one on each ovary and selected from synchronized groups for fixed-time insemination were assigned to a Control (n = 49) or Drainage (n = 49) group. The largest follicle was considered as the dominant follicle. Draining of all subordinate follicles (≥10 mm) was performed in the Drainage group...
October 27, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070766/relationship-between-the-side-of-pregnancy-and-side-of-subsequent-ovarian-activity-during-the-early-postpartum-period-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#12
Hiromi Kusaka, Hiroshi Miura, Motohiro Kikuchi, Minoru Sakaguchi
After parturition, the ovary ipsilateral to the side of previous pregnancy exhibits lower functional activity than that exhibited by the contralateral ovary. The local inhibitory effects of the corpus luteum of the previous pregnancy, and/or the presence of a previous gravid uterine horn, may induce the ipsilateral suppression of folliculogenesis. We examined the influence of the side of previous pregnancy on ovulation and folliculogenesis, until completion of the third postpartum ovulation. The ovaries of 30 Holstein cows were scanned by ultrasonography, through the three postpartum ovulation sequences...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055551/performance-of-automated-activity-monitoring-systems-used-in-combination-with-timed-artificial-insemination-compared-to-timed-artificial-insemination-only-in-early-lactation-in-dairy-cows
#13
J Denis-Robichaud, R L A Cerri, A Jones-Bitton, S J LeBlanc
Identifying cows in estrus remains a challenge on dairy cattle farms, and tools and technologies have been developed and used to complement or replace visual detection of estrus. Automated activity monitoring (AAM) systems and timed artificial insemination (TAI) are technologies available to dairy farmers, but many factors can influence their relative performance. The objective of the present study was to compare reproductive performance of cows managed with an AAM system combined with TAI, or with a TAI program (Double Ovsynch) for insemination before 88 DIM...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055542/extending-the-duration-of-the-voluntary-waiting-period-from-60-to-88-days-in-cows-that-received-timed-artificial-insemination-after-the-double-ovsynch-protocol-affected-the-reproductive-performance-herd-exit-dynamics-and-lactation-performance-of-dairy-cows
#14
M L Stangaferro, R W Wijma, M Masello, Mark J Thomas, J O Giordano
This experiment evaluated the reproductive performance, herd exit dynamics, and lactation performance of dairy cows managed with a voluntary waiting period (VWP) of 60 or 88 d. Secondary objectives were evaluating VWP effect on cyclicity status, uterine health, systemic inflammation, and body condition score (BCS) before first service. Lactating Holstein cows from 3 commercial farms in New York State cows were blocked by parity group and total milk yield in their previous lactation and then randomly assigned to VWP of 60 (VWP60; n = 1,352) or 88 (VWP88; n = 1,359) days in milk (DIM)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055532/dairy-producers-attitudes-toward-reproductive-management-and-performance-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#15
J Denis-Robichaud, R L A Cerri, A Jones-Bitton, S J LeBlanc
The objectives of this study were to explore Canadian dairy producers' attitudes toward reproductive performance and challenges they perceive to be related to reproduction and reproductive management practices. A survey in both English and French was developed, validated, and administered to Canadian dairy farmers between March and May 2014 to collect general farm, reproduction management, and reproductive performance data, as well as opinions and perceptions about different facets of reproduction. Associations between management practices and the perceived importance of reproduction were tested using a logistic regression model...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034747/long-term-supplementation-of-rhodiola-kirilowii-extracts-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-does-not-affect-mother-health-status
#16
Sławomir Lewicki, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Aneta Lewicka, Robert Zdanowski
Antibiotics treatment during pregnancy and lactation is problematic. The alternative to the antibiotic treatment is the use of plant-derived supplements, which stimulate immune system to prevent and eliminate bacterial infection. Here we evaluated the effect of long-term use of Rhodiola kirilowii on the health of mouse mothers. Pregnant mice were fed daily, for whole pregnancy and for 28 days after giving birth, with Rhodiola kirilowii water (RKW) or hydroalcoholic extract (RKW-A) (at 20 mg of extracts/kg)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025027/maternal-melatonin-or-agomelatine-therapy-prevents-programmed-hypertension-in-male-offspring-of-mother-exposed-to-continuous-light
#17
You-Lin Tain, Yu-Ju Lin, Julie Y H Chan, Chien-Te Lee, Chien-Ning Hsu
Hypertension can originate from early-life insults, whereas maternal melatonin therapy can be protective in a variety of models of programmed hypertension. We hypothesize that melatonin or melatonin receptor agonist agomelatine can prevent programmed hypertension in adult offspring induced by maternal exposure to continuous light. Female Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats randomly divided into four groups: controls, rats exposed to continuous light, exposed to continuous light plus treated with agomelatine (50mg/day i...
September 9, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021375/maternal-high-fiber-diet-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-influences-regulatory-t-cell-differentiation-in-offspring-in-mice
#18
Akihito Nakajima, Naoko Kaga, Yumiko Nakanishi, Hiroshi Ohno, Junki Miyamoto, Ikuo Kimura, Shohei Hori, Takashi Sasaki, Keiichi Hiramatsu, Ko Okumura, Sachiko Miyake, Sonoko Habu, Sumio Watanabe
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the end products of dietary fiber, influence the immune system. Moreover, during pregnancy the maternal microbiome has a great impact on the development of the offspring's immune system. However, the exact mechanisms by which maternal SCFAs during pregnancy and lactation influence the immune system of offspring are not fully understood. We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying regulatory T cell (Treg) differentiation in offspring regulated by a maternal high fiber diet (HFD)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992103/maternal-programming-of-body-weight-in-syrian-hamsters
#19
Jeremy M Brozek, Jill E Schneider, Erin Rhinehart
Maternal programming of offspring energy balance has been viewed as an adaptation in which the gestational environment prepares the offspring to thrive and reproduce in that same postnatal environment. Programming might have the opposite effect, however, when gestational and postnatal environments are mismatched. Gestational programming would represent a trade-off if the mother can maximize fitness in one possible energetic future but cannot maximize fitness in another. The vast majority of research concerns rats, mice, or sheep, and dams are typically food restricted by 30-70% of ad libitum intake resulting in low birth weight and adult obesity in offspring...
September 14, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987588/characterization-of-luteal-dynamics-in-lactating-holstein-cows-for-32-days-after-synchronization-of-ovulation-and-timed-artificial-insemination
#20
A Ricci, P D Carvalho, M C Amundson, P M Fricke
Approximately 20 to 30% of cows diagnosed not pregnant 32 d after timed artificial insemination (TAI) lack a corpus luteum (CL), and cows submitted to a resynchronization protocol in the absence of a CL have about 10% fewer pregnancies per AI (P/AI) than cows with a CL. An understanding of luteal dynamics after synchronization of ovulation and TAI may help refine strategies for reinseminating cows failing to conceive. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 141) were synchronized for first TAI using a Double-Ovsynch protocol...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
92214
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"