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Alexis Durand, François Maillard, Vanessa Alvarez-Lopez, Sarah Guinchard, Coralie Bertheau, Benoit Valot, Damien Blaudez, Michel Chalot
Industrial waste dumps are rarely colonized by vegetation after they have been abandoned, indicating biological infertility. Revegetation of industrial tailings dumps is thus necessary to prevent wind erosion, metal leaching and has been shown to restore soil functions and ecosystem services. However, little is known about the microbial colonization and community structure of vegetated tailings following the application of restoration technologies. In this study, we investigated the rhizosphere and phyllosphere bacterial communities of a poplar tree plantation within a phytomanagement-based restoration program of a Hg-contaminated site...
May 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Xihui Xu, Meng Xu, Qiming Zhao, Yan Xia, Chen Chen, Zhenguo Shen
Microbe-assisted phytoremediation has great potential for practical applications. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) with heavy metal (HM) resistance are important for the implementation of PGPB-assisted phytoremediation of HM-contaminated environments. Arthrobacter sp. PGP41 is a Cd(II)-resistant bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere soils of a Cd(II) hyperaccumulator plant, Solanum nigrum. Strain PGP41 can significantly improve plant seedling and root growth under Cd(II) stress conditions. This bacterium exhibited the ability to produce high levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), as well as the ability to fix nitrogen and solubilize phosphate, and it possessed 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity...
May 26, 2018: Current Microbiology
Beatrice Berger, Sascha Patz, Silke Ruppel, Kristin Dietel, Sebastian Faetke, Helmut Junge, Matthias Becker
The global market for biosupplements is expected to grow by 14 percent between 2014 and 2019 as a consequence of the proven benefits of biosupplements on crop yields, soil fertility, and fertilizer efficiency. One important segment of biosupplements is plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB). Although many potential PGPB have been discovered, suitable biotechnological processing and shelf-life stability of the bacteria are challenges to overcome for their successful use as biosupplements. Here, the plant growth-promoting Gram-negative strain Kosakonia radicincitans DSM 16656T (family Enterobacteriaceae) was biotechnologically processed and applied in the field...
2018: BioMed Research International
Elisabeth Armada, Márcio F A Leite, Almudena Medina, Rosario Azcón, Eiko E Kuramae
Inoculation of plants with beneficial plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) emerges a valuable strategy for ecosystem recovery. However, drought conditions might compromise plant-microbe interactions especially in semiarid regions. This study highlights the effect of native PGPB after one-year inoculation on autochthonous shrubs growth and rhizosphere microbial community composition and activity under drought stress conditions. We inoculated three plant species of semiarid Mediterranean zones, Thymus vulgaris, Santolina chamaecyparissus and Lavandula dentata with a Bacillus thuringiensis strain IAM 12077 and, evaluated the impact on plant biomass, plant nutrient contents, arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) colonization, soil rhizosphere microbial activity, and both the bacterial and fungal communities...
May 16, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Anderson Kikuchi Calzavara, Pedro Henrique Godoy Paiva, Lorrant Cavanha Gabriel, André Luiz Martinez de Oliveira, Karina Milani, Halley Caixeta Oliveira, Edmilson Bianchini, José Antonio Pimenta, Maria Cristina Neves de Oliveira, Jaqueline Dias-Pereira, Renata Stolf-Moreira
Despite the great diversity of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) with potential to partially replace the use of N-fertilizers in agriculture, few PGPB are explored for the production of commercial inoculants, reinforcing the importance of identifying positive plant-bacteria interactions. Aiming to better understand the influence of PGPB inoculation in plant development, two PGPB species with distant phylogenetic relationship were inoculated in maize. Maize seeds were inoculated with Bacillus sp. or Azospirillum brasilense...
May 15, 2018: Plant Biology
Khin Thuzar Win, Tanaka Fukuyo, Okazaki Keiki, Yoshinari Ohwaki
Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) endophytes that express 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase reportedly confer plant tolerance to abiotic stresses such as salinity by lowering stress-related ethylene levels. Two preselected ACC deaminase expressing endophytic Pseudomonas spp. strains, OFT2 and OFT5, were compared in terms of their potential to promote plant growth, leaf water contents, photosynthetic performance, and ionic balance of tomato plants under conditions of moderate NaCl stress (75 mM)...
April 30, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Josiane Fukami, Paula Cerezini, Mariangela Hungria
The genus Azospirillum comprises plant-growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB), which have been broadly studied. The benefits to plants by inoculation with Azospirillum have been primarily attributed to its capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen, but also to its capacity to synthesize phytohormones, in particular indole-3-acetic acid. Recently, an increasing number of studies has attributed an important role of Azospirillum in conferring to plants tolerance of abiotic and biotic stresses, which may be mediated by phytohormones acting as signaling molecules...
May 4, 2018: AMB Express
Muhammad Numan, Samina Bashir, Yasmin Khan, Roqayya Mumtaz, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Abdul Latif Khan, Ajmal Khan, Ahmed Al-Harrasi
Approximately 5.2 billion hectare agriculture land are affected by erosion, salinity and soil degradation. Salinity stress has significantly affecting the fertile lands, and therefore possesses a huge impact on the agriculture and economy of a country. Salt stress has severe effects on the growth and development of plants as well as reducing its yield. Plants are inherently equipped with stress tolerance ability to responds the specific type of stress. Plants retained specific mechanisms for salt stress mitigation, such as hormonal stimulation, ion exchange, antioxidant enzymes and activation of signaling cascades on their metabolic and genetic frontiers that sooth the stressed condition...
April 2018: Microbiological Research
Ma Del Carmen Orozco-Mosqueda, Ma Del Carmen Rocha-Granados, Bernard R Glick, Gustavo Santoyo
A plant microbiome includes a microbial community that typically interacts extensively with a plant. The plant microbiome can survive either inside or outside of plant tissues, performing various plant beneficial activities including biocontrol of potential phytopathogens and promotion of plant growth. An important part of the plant microbiome includes plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) that commonly reside in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, and as endophytic bacteria (inside of plant tissues). As new plant microbiome-manipulating strategies have emerged in recent years, we have critically reviewed relevant literature, chiefly from the last decade...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
Manish Kesherwani, Devadasan Velmurugan
Undecaprenyl phosphate (C55-P) acts as carrier lipid in the synthesis of peptidoglycan, which is de novo synthesized from dephosphorylation of undecaprenyl pyrophosphate (C55-PP). The phosphatidylglycerol phosphate phosphatase B (PgpB) catalyzes the dephosphorylation of C55-PP and forms C55-P. As no structural study has been made regarding the binding of C55-PP to PgpB, in the current study, in silico molecular docking, followed by 150 ns molecular dynamics simulation of the putative binding complex in membrane/solvent environment has been performed to understand conformational dynamics...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Parthasarathy Radhapriya, Andimuthu Ramachandran, Perumal Palani
The present study was aimed to isolate indigenous plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) from Nanmangalam reserve forest, India and to analyze their positive impact on nursery plant species. In total, 160 isolates were obtained from different nitrogen-free Media (LGI, JMV, NFB). Amongst these, 12 isolates were shown positive for 5-8% of ammonia production nif H positive and then isolates were further tested for their plant growth-promoting (PGP) activity. Based on their PGP activity, nine isolates were selected, and applied in nurseries of twelve native plant species, along with organic manure and inorganic fertilizer...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Juthika Saikia, Rupak K Sarma, Rajashree Dhandia, Archana Yadav, Rupjyoti Bharali, Vijai K Gupta, Ratul Saikia
The agricultural crops are often affected by the scarcity of fresh water. Seasonal drought is a major constraint on Northeast Indian agriculture. Almost 80% of the agricultural land in this region is acidic and facing severe drought during the winter period. Apart from classical breeding and transgenic approaches, the application of plant-growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) is an alternative strategy for improving plant fitness under stressful conditions. The 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase-producing PGPB offer drought stress tolerance by regulating plant ethylene levels...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nyekachi C Adele, Bryne T Ngwenya, Kate V Heal, J Frederick W Mosselmans
The effects of zinc (Zn) speciation on plant growth in Zn-contaminated soil in the presence of bacteria are unknown but are critical to our understanding of metal biodynamics in the rhizosphere where bacteria are abundant. A 6-week pot experiment investigated the effects of two plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB), Rhizobium leguminosarum and Pseudomonas brassicacearum, on Zn accumulation and speciation in Brassica juncea grown in soil amended with 600 mg kg-1 elemental Zn as three Zn species: soluble ZnSO4 and nanoparticles of ZnO and ZnS...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Victoria Calatrava, Erik F Y Hom, Ángel Llamas, Emilio Fernández, Aurora Galván
Nitrogen is a key nutrient for land plants and phytoplankton in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The model alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii can grow efficiently on several inorganic nitrogen sources (e.g. ammonium, nitrate, nitrite) as well as many amino acids. In this study, we show that Chlamydomonas is unable to use proline, hydroxyproline and peptides that contain these amino acids. However, we discovered that algal growth on these substrates is supported in association with Methylobacterium spp., and that a mutualistic carbon-nitrogen metabolic exchange between Chlamydomonas and Methylobacterium spp...
April 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Pablo Ibort, Sonia Molina, Juan Manuel Ruiz-Lozano, Ricardo Aroca
Management of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can be implemented to deal with sustainable intensification of agriculture. Ethylene is an essential component for plant growth and development and in response to drought. However, little is known about the effects of bacterial inoculation on ethylene transduction pathway. Thus, the present study sought to establish whether ethylene perception is critical for growth induction by two different PGPB strains under drought conditions and the analysis of bacterial effects on ethylene production and gene expression in tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum)...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Pablo Ibort, Hiroyuki Imai, Matsuo Uemura, Ricardo Aroca
Feeding an increasing global population as well as reducing environmental impact of crops is the challenge for the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Plant-growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) management could represent a suitable method but elucidation of their action mechanisms is essential for a proper and effective utilization. Furthermore, ethylene is involved in growth and response to environmental stimuli but little is known about the implication of ethylene perception in PGPB activity. The ethylene-insensitive tomato never ripe and its isogenic wild-type cv...
January 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Oluwaseyi Samuel Olanrewaju, Bernard R Glick, Olubukola Oluranti Babalola
The idea of eliminating the use of fertilizers which are sometimes environmentally unsafe is slowly becoming a reality because of the emergence of microorganisms that can serve the same purpose or even do better. Depletion of soil nutrients through leaching into the waterways and causing contamination are some of the negative effects of these chemical fertilizers that prompted the need for suitable alternatives. This brings us to the idea of using microbes that can be developed for use as biological fertilizers (biofertilizers)...
October 6, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Blanca Montalbán, Sofie Thijs, Mª Carmen Lobo, Nele Weyens, Marcel Ameloot, Jaco Vangronsveld, Araceli Pérez-Sanz
Plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPB) isolated from Brassica napus were inoculated in two cultivars of Helianthus tuberosus (VR and D19) growing on sand supplemented with 0.1 mM Cd or 1 mM Zn. Plant growth, concentrations of metals and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive compounds were determined. Colonization of roots of H. tuberosus D19 by Pseudomonas sp. 262 was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Pseudomonas sp. 228, Serratia sp. 246 and Pseudomonas sp. 262 significantly enhanced growth of H...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Snežana Dimitrijević, Marija Pavlović, Svetolik Maksimović, Mihajlo Ristić, Vladimir Filipović, Dušan Antonović, Suzana Dimitrijević-Branković
BACKGROUND: In order to study the influence of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) belonging to Streptomyces sp., Paenibacillus sp., and Hymenobacter sp. on fixed oil content of flaxseed and black cumin, 2-year field experiments were conducted. PGPB was applied during seedtime of plants. The extraction of oil from seeds was performed using supercritical CO2 . RESULTS: The addition of PGPB significantly increases the content of C18:1 (from 16.06 ± 0.03% to 16...
March 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Hidehiro Ishizawa, Masashi Kuroda, Masaaki Morikawa, Michihiko Ike
Bacteria colonizing the plant rhizosphere are believed to positively or negatively affect the host plant productivity. This feature has inspired researchers to engineer such interactions to enhance crop production. However, it remains to be elucidated whether rhizobacteria influences plant oxidative stress vis-a-vis other environmental stressors, and whether such influence is associated with their growth promoting/inhibiting ability. In this study, two plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) and two plant growth-inhibiting bacteria (PGIB) were separately inoculated into axenic duckweed (Lemna minor) culture under laboratory conditions for 4 and 8 days in order to investigate their effects on plant oxidative stress and antioxidant activities...
September 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
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