Read by QxMD icon Read

seed inoculation

S Jo Moore, Catherine E Vrentas, Soyoun Hwang, M Heather West Greenlee, Eric M Nicholson, Justin J Greenlee
BACKGROUND: The Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) prion protein gene (PRNP) is polymorphic at codon 132, with leucine (L132) and methionine (M132) allelic variants present in the population. In elk experimentally inoculated with the chronic wasting disease (CWD) agent, different incubation periods are associated with PRNP genotype: LL132 elk survive the longest, LM132 elk are intermediate, and MM132 elk the shortest. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential mechanisms underlying variations in incubation period in elk of different prion protein genotypes...
March 9, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Satish K Verma, Kathryn L Kingsley, Marshall S Bergen, Kurt P Kowalski, James F White
Non-cultivated plants carry microbial endophytes that may be used to enhance development and disease resistance of crop species where growth-promoting and protective microbes may have been lost. During seedling establishment, seedlings may be infected by several fungal pathogens that are seed or soil borne. Several species of Fusarium , Pythium and other water moulds cause seed rots during germination. Fusarium blights of seedlings are also very common and significantly affect seedling development. In the present study we screened nine endophytic bacteria isolated from the seeds of invasive Phragmites australis by inoculating onto rice, Bermuda grass ( Cynodon dactylon ), or annual bluegrass ( Poa annua ) seeds to evaluate plant growth promotion and protection from disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum ...
March 8, 2018: Microorganisms
Susanne E Keller, Nathan M Anderson, Can Wang, Stephen J Burbick, Ian M Hildebrandt, Lauren J Gonsalves, Quincy J Suehr, Sofia M Santillana Farakos
Ready-to-eat foods based on dried partially sprouted seeds have been associated with foodborne salmonellosis. Whereas research has focused on the potential for Salmonella initially present in or on seeds to grow and survive during fresh sprout production, little is known about the potential for growth and survival of Salmonella associated with seeds that have been partially sprouted and dried. The goal of this study was to determine the growth of Salmonella during soaking for partial germination of pumpkin, sunflower, and chia seeds and subsequent survival during drying and storage...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Kiran R Gadhave, Paul F Devlin, Andreas Ebertz, Arabella Ross, Alan C Gange
The use of microbial inoculants containing plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as a promoter of plant fitness and health is becoming increasingly popular in agriculture. However, whether and how these bacteria affect indigenous bacterial communities in field conditions is sparsely explored. We studied the effects of seed inoculation and field soil application of ubiquitous soil bacteria, B. cereus, B. subtilis, and B. amyloliquefaciens, on the diversity, evenness, and richness of endophytic bacterial communities in sprouting broccoli roots using high-throughput metagenome sequencing...
March 6, 2018: Microbial Ecology
A Novinscak, M Filion
AIM: This study was performed to identify bacterial isolates capable of enhancing total lipid and stearidonic acid (SDA) yields in Buglossoides arvensis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pot experiments were conducted to screen the effects of 40 bacterial isolates on different B. arvensis growth parameters. Five isolates increased total lipid and SDA yields by at least 20%. These isolates were tested in a second pot experiment and in field trials. The second pot experiment confirmed that all isolates significantly increased total lipid and SDA yields over controls...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Steven Wakelin, Guyléne Tillard, Robert van Ham, Ross Ballard, Elizabeth Farquharson, Emily Gerard, Rene Geurts, Matthew Brown, Hayley Ridgway, Maureen O'Callaghan
Biological nitrogen fixation through the legume-rhizobia symbiosis is important for sustainable pastoral production. In New Zealand, the most widespread and valuable symbiosis occurs between white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii (Rlt). As variation in the population size (determined by most probable number assays; MPN) and effectiveness of N-fixation (symbiotic potential; SP) of Rlt in soils may affect white clover performance, the extent in variation in these properties was examined at three different spatial scales: (1) From 26 sites across New Zealand, (2) at farm-wide scale, and (3) within single fields...
2018: PloS One
Alexandra de Andrade Santos, Joaquim Albenísio Gomes da Silveira, Aurenivia Bonifacio, Artenisa Cerqueira Rodrigues, Márcia do Vale Barreto Figueiredo
Soil salinity is an important abiotic stress worldwide, and salt-induced oxidative stress can have detrimental effects on the biological nitrogen fixation. We hypothesized that co-inoculation of cowpea plants with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria would minimize the deleterious effects of salt stress via the induction of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidative protection. To test our hypothesis, cowpea seeds were inoculated with Bradyrhizobium or co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria and then submitted to salt stress...
February 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Ivelisse Irizarry, James F White
AIMS: Previous research demonstrated that applying Bacillus amyloliquefaciens to cotton seeds promotes growth, alters root architecture, and alleviates salt stress of cotton seedlings. This research was undertaken to further study the genetic responses elicited in cotton seedlings by this growth promoting bacterium. METHODS AND RESULTS: GeneChip microarrays and RT-qPCR were used to detect changes in gene expression in seedling roots inoculated with B. amyloliquefaciens...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Jia Xu, Joseph W Kloepper, Ping Huang, John A McInroy, Chia H Hu
The aims of this study were to isolate and characterize N2 -fixing bacteria from giant reed and switchgrass and evaluate their plant growth promotion and nutrient uptake potential for use as biofertilizers. A total of 190 bacteria were obtained from rhizosphere soil and inside stems and roots of giant reed and switchgrass. All the isolates were confirmed to have nitrogenase activity, 96.9% produced auxin, and 85% produced siderophores. Then the top six strains, including Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-14, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-19, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-17, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-20, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans NP-3, and Enterobacter oryzae NXU-38, based on nitrogenase activity, were inoculated on maize and wheat seeds in greenhouse tests to assess their potential benefits to plants...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Eman M Khalaf, Manish N Raizada
The cucurbit vegetables, including cucumbers, melons and pumpkins, have been cultivated for thousands of years without fungicides. However, their seed germination stage is prone to be infected by soil-borne fungal and oomycete pathogens. Endophytes are symbionts that reside inside plant tissues including seeds. Seed endophytes are founders of the juvenile plant microbiome and can promote host defense at seed germination and later stages. We previously isolated 169 bacterial endophytes associated with seeds of diverse cultivated cucurbits...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Giuseppe Di Fede, Marcella Catania, Emanuela Maderna, Roberta Ghidoni, Luisa Benussi, Elisa Tonoli, Giorgio Giaccone, Fabio Moda, Anna Paterlini, Ilaria Campagnani, Stefano Sorrentino, Laura Colombo, Adriana Kubis, Edoardo Bistaffa, Bernardino Ghetti, Fabrizio Tagliavini
Protein misfolding and aggregation is a central feature of several neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which assemblies of amyloid β (Aβ) peptides accumulate in the brain in the form of parenchymal and/or vascular amyloid. A widely accepted concept is that AD is characterized by distinct clinical and neuropathological phenotypes. Recent studies revealed that Aβ assemblies might have structural differences among AD brains and that such pleomorphic assemblies can correlate with distinct disease phenotypes...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Guozhuang Zhang, Yonglin Sun, Hao Sheng, Haichao Li, Xiping Liu
Crop growth and productivity are often impacted by the increased ethylene content induced by adverse environmental conditions such drought. Inoculations with bacteria producing ACC deaminase is considered as a potential biological approach to improve the growth and tolerance of stressed plants by lowering endogenous ethylene level. In this study, germinated wheat seeds were inoculated using three species of the rhizobacteria, which were isolated from the rhizosphere of wheat growing in dryland, and sown in pots...
February 9, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Taro Tsushima, Teruo Sano
Viroids are highly structured, single-stranded, non-protein-coding circular RNA pathogens that replicate, spread and elicit severe to mild disease symptoms in sensitive host species. The functions of viroids are thought to be due to a molecular element (or elements) embedded within the small RNA molecule that recruits the host factors responsible for transcription, RNA transportation and regulation of gene expression. Coleus blumei viroid 1 (CbVd-1) is distributed worldwide and is known for its characteristic property of having an extremely high frequency of seed transmission...
January 23, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Elizabeth Reed, Christina M Ferreira, Rebecca Bell, Eric W Brown, Jie Zheng
Microgreens, like sprouts, are relatively fast growing, and generally consumed raw. Moreover, as observed in sprouts, microbial contamination from preharvest sources could also be present in the production of microgreens. In this study, two Salmonella enterica serovars (Hartford and Cubana) applied, at multiple inoculation levels, were evaluated for survival and growth on alfalfa sprouts and Swiss chard microgreens using the most probable number (MPN) method. Various abiotic factors were also examined for their effects on Salmonella survival and growth on sprouts and microgreens...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Mohammad Shahid, Mohd Saghir Khan
In this study, strain PSBB1 isolated from Vicia faba rhizosphere was identified as Burkholderia cepacia , by 16S rDNA sequence analysis and characterized. Strain PSBB1 tolerated glyphosate up to 3200 μg ml-1 and produced IAA (81.6 μg ml-1 ), ACC deaminase (69.3 mg-1  protein h-1 ), SA (39.3 μg ml-1 ) and 2,3-DHBA (26.6 μg ml-1 ), solubilized insoluble P (50.8 μg ml-1 ) and secreted 29.4 μg ml-1 exopolysaccharides, which decreased with increasing concentrations of glyphosate. Cell damage following glyphosate application was visible under SEM and CLSM...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Hajeewaka C Mendis, Varghese P Thomas, Patrick Schwientek, Rauf Salamzade, Jung-Ting Chien, Pramuditha Waidyarathne, Joseph Kloepper, Leonardo De La Fuente
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens QST713 and B. firmus I-1582 are bacterial strains which are used as active ingredients of commercially-available soil application and seed treatment products Serenade® and VOTiVO®, respectively. These bacteria colonize plant roots promoting plant growth and offering protection against pathogens/pests. The objective of this study was to develop a qPCR protocol to quantitate the dynamics of root colonization by these two strains under field conditions. Primers and TaqMan® probes were designed based on genome comparisons of the two strains with publicly-available and unpublished bacterial genomes of the same species...
2018: PloS One
Neta Luria, Elisheva Smith, Noa Sela, Oded Lachman, Ilana Bekelman, Amnon Koren, Aviv Dombrovsky
During October 2014, unfamiliar mild mosaic and mottling symptoms were identified on leaves of pepper (Capsicum chinense cv. Habanero) seedlings grown in the Arava valley in Israel 2-3 weeks post planting. Symptomatic plants were tested positive by ELISA using laboratory-produced antisera for tobamovirus species. Typical tobamovirus rod-shaped morphology was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis of purified virion preparation that was used for mechanical inoculation of laboratory test plants for the completion of Koch's postulates...
February 10, 2018: Virus Genes
Bong Nam Chung, Joung-Ho Lee, Byoung-Cheorl Kang, Sang Wook Koh, Jae Ho Joa, Kyung San Choi, Jeong Joon Ahn
Resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus isolated from paprika (TSWV-Pap) was overcome at high temperatures (30 ± 2°C) in both accessions of Capsicum annuum S3669 (Hana Seed Company) and C. chinense PI15225 (AVRDC Vegetable Genetic Resources). S3669 and PI15225, which carrying the Tsw gene, were mechanically inoculated with TSWV-Pap, and then maintained in growth chambers at temperatures ranging from 15 ± 2°C to 30 ± 2°C (in 5°C increments). Seven days post inoculation (dpi), a hypersensitivity reaction (HR) was induced in inoculated leaves of PI152225 and S3669 plants maintained at 25°C ± 2°C...
February 2018: Plant Pathology Journal
Max Weißbach, Paul Thiel, Jörg E Drewes, Konrad Koch
A Coupled Aerobic-anoxic Nitrous Decomposition Operation (CANDO) was performed over five months to investigate the performance and dynamics of nitrogen elimination and nitrous oxide production from digester reject water under real feed-stream conditions. A 93% conversion of ammonium to nitrite could be maintained for adapted seed sludge in the first stage (nitritation). The second stage (nitrous denitritation), inoculated with conventional activated sludge, achieved a conversion of 70% of nitrite to nitrous oxide after only 12 cycles of operation...
January 31, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Dimitri Kalenitchenko, Nadine Le Bris, Erwan Peru, Pierre E Galand
The description of a rare biosphere within microbial communities has created great interest because microbes play a fundamental role in the functioning of all ecosystems on earth. Despite recent progress in understanding the ecology of the rare biosphere, the concept itself is still discussed and fundamental questions remain. Here, we target the seed bank compartment of the rare biosphere, assess the level of rarity at which microorganisms are still able to colonize an ecosystem and investigate whether rare species are functionally redundant...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"