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seed inoculation

S Navarro-Torre, J M Barcia-Piedras, E Mateos-Naranjo, S Redondo-Gómez, M Camacho, M A Caviedes, E Pajuelo, I D Rodríguez-Llorente
There is an increasing interest to use halophytes for revegetation of salt affected ecosystems, as well as in understanding their mechanisms of salt tolerance. We hypothesized that bacteria from the phyllosphere of these plants might play a key role in its high tolerance to excessive salinity. 8 endophytic bacteria belonging to Bacillus and closely related genera were isolated from phyllosphere of the halophyte Arthrocnemum macrostachyum growing in salty agricultural soils. The presence of plant-growth promoting (PGP) properties, enzymatic activities and tolerance towards NaCl was determined...
October 22, 2016: Plant Biology
Jaafar Juju Nakasha, Uma Rani Sinniah, Nurashikin Kemat, Kumara Swamy Mallappa
BACKGROUND: Chlorophytum borivilianum is an industrially valued medicinal crop. Propagation through seeds is not feasible because of low germination percentage and long dormancy period. Therefore, callus culture and plant regeneration can be an alternative to improve this crop production. Also, callus can serve as an alternative source of bioactive compounds. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different phytohormones on callus induction, subculture cycle, and regeneration studies of callus in C...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Vitor Hugo Nunes do Nascimento, Carla Dos Santos Lima, Jorge Tadeu Campos Paixão, Jofre Jacob da Silva Freitas, Katia Simone Kietzer
PURPOSE: To assess antioxidant effects of açaí seed extract on anorexia-cachexia induced by Walker-256 tumor. METHODS: A population of 20 lab rats were distributed into four groups (n=5): Control Group (CG), which only received tumor inoculation. Experimental Group-100 (EG-100), with animals submitted to tumor inoculation and treated with seed extract in a 100 mg / ml concentration through gavage. Experimental Group-200 (EG-200), with animals submitted to tumor inoculation and treated with seed extract in a 200 mg / ml concentration...
September 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Ramalingam Radhakrishnan, In-Jung Lee
The nutritional quality of green leafy vegetables can be enhanced by application of plant beneficial micro-organisms. The present study was aimed to increase the food values of lettuce leaves by bacterial treatment. We isolated bacterial strain KE2 from Kimchi food and identified as Bacillus methylotrophicus by phylogenetic analysis. The beneficial effect of B. methylotrophicus KE2 on plants was confirmed by increasing the percentage of seed germination of Lactuca sativa L., Cucumis melo L., Glycine max L...
September 29, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Medhin H Kifle, Mark D Laing
Laboratory, greenhouse, and field experiments were conducted at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in the 2010/2011 and 2011∖2012 seasons to study the effects of eight strains of diazotrophic bacteria on the growth and yield of maize. Maize seeds were treated with Bacillus megaterium (V16), Pseudomonas sp. (StB5, A3, A6, and A61), Burkholderia ambifaria (V9), Enterobacter cloacae (L1) and Pantoea ananatis (LB5), aiming to stimulate plant growth, and maintain or increase yields while reducing the need for N fertilization...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
S J Bi, X J Hong, G X Wang, Y Li, Y M Gao, L Yan, Y J Wang, W D Wang
To accomplish the rapid start-up and stable operation of biogas digesters, an efficient inoculum is required. To obtain such an inoculum for food waste anaerobic digestion, we domesticated dairy manure anaerobic digestion residue by adding food waste every day. After 36 days, the pH and biogas yield stabilized signifying the completion of domestication. During domestication, the microbial communities in the inocula were investigated by constructing 16S rDNA clone libraries. We evaluated the effect of the domesticated inoculum by testing batch food waste anaerobic digestion with a non-domesticated inoculum as a control...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Patrick J Vogan, Anna W Schoettle
Increasing the frequency of resistance to the non-native fungus Cronartium ribicola (causative agent of white pine blister rust, WPBR) in limber pine populations is a primary management objective to sustain high-elevation forest communities. However, it is not known to what extent genetic disease resistance is costly to plant growth or carbon economy. In this study, we measured growth and leaf-level physiology in (1) seedling families from seed trees that have previously been inferred to carry or not carry Cr4, the dominant R gene allele conferring complete, gene-for-gene resistance to WPBR in limber pine, and (2) populations that were and were not infected with C...
2016: PloS One
Zenebe Girmay, Weldesemayat Gorems, Getachew Birhanu, Solomon Zewdie
Mushroom cultivation is reported as an economically viable bio-technology process for conversion of various lignocellulosic wastes. Given the lack of technology know-how on the cultivation of mushroom, this study was conducted in Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resource, with the aim to assess the suitability of selected substrates (agricultural and/or forest wastes) for oyster mushroom cultivation. Accordingly, four substrates (cotton seed, paper waste, wheat straw, and sawdust) were tested for their efficacy in oyster mushroom production...
December 2016: AMB Express
Miwa Nagae, Martin Parniske, Masayoshi Kawaguchi, Naoya Takeda
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is essential for living organisms. Unlike animals, plants can synthesize thiamine. In Lotus japonicus, expression of two thiamine biosynthesis genes, THI1 and THIC, was enhanced by inoculation with rhizobia, but not by inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. THIC or THI2 (THI1 paralog) was expressed in uninoculated leaves. THI2-knockdown plants and the transposon insertion mutant thiC had chlorotic leaves. This typical phenotype of thiamine deficiency was rescued by an exogenous supply of thiamine...
October 4, 2016: Plant Physiology
Geraldine Maynaud, Anne-Marie Pourcher, Christine Ziebal, Anais Cuny, Céline Druilhe, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Nathalie Wéry
Despite the development of on-farm anaerobic digestion as a process for making profitable use of animal by-products, factors leading to the inactivation of pathogenic bacteria during storage of digestates remain poorly described. Here, a microcosm approach was used to evaluate the persistence of three pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella enterica Derby, Campylobacter coli and Listeria monocytogenes) in digestates from farms, stored for later land spreading. Nine samples, including raw digestates, liquid fractions of digestate and composted digestates, were inoculated with each pathogen and maintained for 40 days at 24°C...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Nejla Hechmi, Luciano Bosso, Leila El-Bassi, Rosalia Scelza, Antonino Testa, Naceur Jedidi, Maria A Rao
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a toxic compound which is widely used as a wood preservative product and general biocide. It is persistent in the environment and has been classified as a persistent organic pollutant to be reclaimed in many countries. Fungal bioremediation is an emerging approach to rehabilitating areas fouled by recalcitrant xenobiotics. In the present study, we isolated two fungal strains from an artificially PCP-contaminated soil during a long-term bioremediation study and evaluated their potential as bioremediation agents in depletion and detoxification of PCP in soil microcosms...
December 2016: Chemosphere
G Shay Fout, Jennifer L Cashdollar
A standardized method is required when national studies on virus occurrence in environmental and drinking waters utilize multiple analytical laboratories. The U.S Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) Method 1615 was developed with the goal of providing such a standard for measuring Enterovirus and Norovirus in these waters. Virus is concentrated from water using an electropositive filter, eluted from the filter surface with beef extract, and then concentrated further using organic flocculation. Herein we present the protocol from Method 1615 for filter elution, secondary concentration, and measurement of total culturable viruses...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chinnannan Karthik, Mohammad Oves, R Thangabalu, Ranandkumar Sharma, S B Santhosh, P Indra Arulselvi
Contamination of agriculture land by heavy metals is a worldwide risk that has sped up noticeably since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Hence, there arise the demands of heavy metal tolerant plant growth promoting bacterial strains for specific metal contaminated agricultural sites restoration. In this study, 36 bacterial isolates were screened out from the rhizospheric soil of Phaseolus vulgaris. Among these, two bacterial strains AR6 and AR8 were selected based on their higher Cr(VI) tolerance (1200 and 1100 μg/mL, respectively) and the maximum production of plant growth promoting substances...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Chongsi Sun, Lili Geng, Meiling Wang, Gaoxiang Shao, Yongfeng Liu, Changlong Shu, Jie Zhang
Endophytic bacterial communities play a key role in promoting plant growth and combating plant diseases. However, little is known about their population dynamics in plant tissues and bulk soil, especially in transgenic crops. This study investigated the colonization of transgenic maize harboring the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cry1Ah gene by Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp present in plant tissues and soil. Bt and nontransgenic maize were inoculated with B916-gfp by seed soaking, or root irrigation under both laboratory greenhouse and field conditions...
September 25, 2016: MicrobiologyOpen
A Kheiri, S A Moosawi Jorf, A Malihipour, H Saremi, M Nikkhah
Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease caused by Fusarium graminearum is one of the most important diseases of wheat in humid and warm areas. This disease significantly reduces yield as well as seed quality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the possibility of control of FHB by chitosan (CS) and chitosan nanoparticles (CS/NPs). In vitro, the application of various concentrations of CS and CS/NPs showed significant inhibition of both radial mycelial growth and number of colonies formed against F. graminearum...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
K Tamreihao, Debananda S Ningthoujam, Salam Nimaichand, Elangbam Shanta Singh, Pascal Reena, Salam Herojeet Singh, Upendra Nongthomba
Streptomyces corchorusii strain UCR3-16, obtained from rice rhizospheric soils showed antifungal activities against 6 major rice fungal pathogens by diffusible and volatile compounds production. The strain was found positive for production of fungal cell wall degrading enzymes such as chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, β-1,4-glucanase, lipase and protease. The strain was also positive for plant growth promoting traits. It produced up to 30.5μg/ml of IAA and solubilized a significant amount of inorganic phosphate (up to 102μg/ml)...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Annett Mikolasch, Anne Reinhard, Anna Alimbetova, Anel Omirbekova, Lisa Pasler, Peter Schumann, Johannes Kabisch, Togzhan Mukasheva, Frieder Schauer
Heavy contamination of soils by crude oil is omnipresent in areas of oil recovery and exploitation. Bioremediation by indigenous plants in cooperation with hydrocarbon degrading microorganisms is an economically and ecologically feasible means to reclaim contaminated soils. To study the effects of indigenous soil bacteria capable of utilizing oil hydrocarbons on biomass production of plants growing in oil-contaminated soils eight bacterial strains were isolated from contaminated soils in Kazakhstan and characterized for their abilities to degrade oil components...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Sumaira Anwar, Basharat Ali, Imran Sajid
In this study 98 rhizospheric actinomycetes were isolated from different wheat and tomato fields, Punjab, Pakistan. The isolates were characterized morphologically, biochemically, and genetically and were subjected to a comprehensive in vitro screening for various plant growth promoting (PGP) traits. About 30% of the isolates screened were found to be the promising PGP rhizobacteria (PGPRs), which exhibited maximum genetic similarity (up to 98-99%) with different species of the genus Streptomyces by using16S rRNA gene sequencing...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yang Li, Shuai Cui, Zhizhong Cui, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao
Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were inoculated with the virus seed of an infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) attenuated vaccine, and positive reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) antibody levels were subsequently detected in the chicken sera indicating potential REV contamination of the vaccine. After neutralization with IBDV-positive blood serum, the vaccine was inoculated into DF-1 cells for REV isolation and identification. An REV strain, designated IBD-C1605, was identified using an IFA test. Three pairs of primers were employed for the amplification, cloning and sequencing of three overlapping fragments of the IBD-C1605 genome, and the whole-genome sequence of this isolate was obtained after gene assembly...
September 8, 2016: Journal of General Virology
Seung Ah Choi, Pil Ae Kwak, Seung-Ki Kim, Sung-Hye Park, Ji Yeoun Lee, Kyu-Chang Wang, Hyun Jeong Oh, Kyuwan Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Do Won Hwang, Ji Hoon Phi
BACKGROUND: The primary cause of treatment failure in medulloblastomas (MB) is the development of leptomeningeal dissemination (seeding). For translational research on MB seeding, one of the major challenges is the development of reliable experimental models that simulate the seeding and growth characteristics of MBs. To overcome this obstacle, we improved an experimental mouse model by intracisternal inoculation of human MB cells and monitoring with in vivo live images. METHODS: Human MB cells (UW426, D283 and MED8A) were transfected with a firefly luciferase gene and a Thy1...
2016: BMC Cancer
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