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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822163/-mechanism-of-treatment-effect-of-huanglian-huangqin-herb-pairs-on-cerebral-ischemia-rats-based-on-metabolomic-approach
#1
Hui-Ting Cao, Hua-Xu Zhu, Qi-Chun Zhang, Li-Wei Guo
The metabolic effect of Huanglian-Huangqin herb pairs on cerebral ischemia rats was studied by using metabolomic method. The rat model of ischemia reperfusion injury induced by introduction of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography-series four pole time of flight mass spectrometry method(UPLC-Q-TOF/MS), Markerlynx software, and principal component analysis and partial least-squares discriminant analysis were used to analyze the different endogenous metabolites among the urine samples of sham rats, cerebral ischemia model rats, Huanglian groups (HL), Huangqin groups (HQ) and Huanglian-Huangqin herb pairs groups (LQ) was achieved, combined with accurate information about the endogenous metabolites level and secondary fragment ions, retrieval and identification of possible biological markers, metabolic pathway which build in MetPA database...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821850/comparative-metabonomics-of-wenxin-keli-and-verapamil-reveals-differential-roles-of-gluconeogenesis-and-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation-in-myocardial-injury-protection
#2
Miaomiao Jiang, Qiuying Wang, Jingrui Chen, Yanan Wang, Guanwei Fan, Yan Zhu
Metabonomics/metabolomics is a rapid technology for comprehensive profiling of small molecule metabolites in cells, tissues, or whole organisms, the application of which has led to understanding pathophysiologic mechanisms of cardiometabolic diseases, defining predictive biomarkers for those diseases, and also assessing the efficacious effects of incident drugs. In this study, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabonomics was employed to identify the metabolic changes in rat plasma caused by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to compare the metabolic regulatory differences between traditional Chinese medicine Wenxin Keli (WXKL) and Western medicine verapamil...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811139/metabonomics-approach-to-assessing-the-metabolism-variation-and-gender-gap-of-drosophila-melanogaster-in-aging-process
#3
Yu-Zhi Zhou, Ming-Liang Yan, Li Gao, Jian-Qin Zhang, Xue-Mei Qin, Xiang Zhang, Guan-Hua Du
Drosophila melanogaster is increasingly used for study aging mechanism and evaluating anti-aging drugs, but the changes of metabolites and differences of metabolites change between male and female during the aging process are not well known. Metabolomics technology, a massive information provider, has promoted the understanding of metabolic profile and overall changes of metabolites in organism. In this study, (1)H NMR based metabonomics was employed to investigate the dynamic changes of metabolites in whole bodies of male and female Drosophila melanogaster at 3, 15, 30, 45days and to research the gender gap of metabolites changes in aging process...
August 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810615/detecting-serum-and-urine-metabolic-profile-changes-of-ccl4-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-at-12-weeks-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#4
Jiarong Gao, Xiu-Juan Qin, Hui Jiang, Jin-Feng Chen, Ting Wang, Ting Zhang, Shuang-Zhi Xu, Jun-Mei Song
Liver fibrosis is caused by liver injury induced by a number of chronic liver diseases, including schistosome infection, hepatitis infection, metabolic disease, alcoholism and cholestasis. The tissue damage occurring after injury or inflammation of the liver is a reversible lesion; however, liver fibrosis has become a worldwide problem and poses a threat to human health. The development of an effective drug for the prevention and treatment of liver fibrosis is ongoing and uses information from different occurrences of liver fibrosis...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793984/effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-urinary-metabolome-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#5
Ying Wang, Yang Li, Liang Zhou, Lin Guo
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of action underlying the putative effects of acupuncture in essential hypertension remains unknown but neuronal mechanisms have been explored most extensively to date. We aimed to explore the effects of manual acupuncture (MA) with manual stimulation on blood pressure (BP) and urine metabolites in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of hypertension. METHODS: After adaptive feeding (with a standard laboratory diet and distilled water) for 1 week, five normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats with normal BP formed the control group...
August 9, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793771/systemic-perturbations-of-key-metabolites-in-type-2-diabetic-rats-treated-by-polyphenols-extracts-from-litchi-chinensis-seeds
#6
Shuli Man, Jiang Ma, Jingwen Yao, Jingxia Cui, Chunxia Wang, Yu Li, Long Ma, Fuping Lu
Our previous research obtained Litchi chinensis Sonn. seeds extract (LSE) which showed hypoglycaemic effects on type 2 diabetes (T2D) rats. In order to understand the detailed pathogenesis of diabetes intervened by LSE, the metabonomics strategy was used. As a result, LSE decreased insulin resistance index and the levels of glucose in urine through elevating the mRNA level of insulin, while decreasing the expression of glucagon to enhance the function of pancreas. Meanwhile, LSE regulated the glucose and fatty acid metabolisms via increasing the expression of glucose transporter (Glu) 2, Glu4, insulin receptor (IR) and IR substrate-2 (IRS2)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777901/metabonomic-potential-plasma-biomarkers-in-abnormal-fast-buoyancy-ascent-escape-induced-decompression-sickness-model-and-the-protective-effects-of-pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamic-acid
#7
Fan Yiqun, You Pu, Wang Haitao, Bao Xiaochen, Ma Jun, Zhang Shi, Fan Yinghui
BACKGROUND: Decompression sickness (DCS) induced by fast buoyancy ascent escape (FBAE) is a special DCS, characterized with cardiopulmonary injuries. Serum metabonomics of this type of DCS has not yet been studied. We proposed a metabonomics approach for assessing serum metabonomics changes and evaluating the preventive effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamic acid (PDTC) in FBAE-induced DCS rats. METHODS: Sixty-five (65) rats were divided into three groups, including the Control, DCS and PDTC groups...
March 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765538/metabonomics-approach-to-assessing-the-modulatory-effects-of-kisspeptin-10-on-liver-injury-induced-by-heat-stress-in-rats
#8
Yuanlong Hou, Xiaoyan Wang, Jihui Ping, Zhihai Lei, Yingdong Gao, Zhiyu Ma, Cuicui Jia, Zheng Zhang, Xiang Li, Mengmeng Jin, Xiaoliang Li, Chuan Suo, Ying Zhang, Juan Su
The protective effects of Kisspeptin on heat-induced oxidative stress in rats were investigated by using a combination of biochemical parameters and metabonomics. Metabonomic analyses were performed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in conjunction with multivariate and univariate statistical analyses. At the end point of the heat stress experiment, histological observation, ultrastructural analysis and biochemical parameters were measured. Metabonomic analysis of liver tissue revealed that Kisspeptin mainly attenuated the alteration of purine metabolism and fatty acid metabolism pathways...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763497/diagnosis-of-coinfection-by-schistosomiasis-and-viral-hepatitis-b-or-c-using-1h-nmr-based-metabonomics
#9
Liana Ribeiro Gouveia, Joelma Carvalho Santos, Ronaldo Dionísio Silva, Andrea Dória Batista, Ana Lúcia Coutinho Domingues, Edmundo Pessoa de Almeida Lopes, Ricardo Oliveira Silva
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of liver involvement due to schistosomiasis in asymptomatic patients from endemic areas previously diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) or C (HCV) and periportal fibrosis is challenging. H-1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)-based metabonomics strategy is a powerful tool for providing a profile of endogenous metabolites of low molecular weight in biofluids in a non-invasive way. The aim of this study was to diagnose periportal fibrosis due to schistosomiasis mansoni in patients with chronic HBV or HCV infection through NMR-based metabonomics models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761426/metabolite-changes-in-the-ipsilateral-and-contralateral-cerebral-hemispheres-in-rats-with-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#10
Lei Ruan, Yan Wang, Shu-Chao Chen, Tian Zhao, Qun Huang, Zi-Long Hu, Neng-Zhi Xia, Jin-Jin Liu, Wei-Jian Chen, Yong Zhang, Jing-Liang Cheng, Hong-Chang Gao, Yun-Jun Yang, Hou-Zhang Sun
Cerebral ischemia not only causes pathological changes in the ischemic areas but also induces a series of secondary changes in more distal brain regions (such as the contralateral cerebral hemisphere). The impact of supratentorial lesions, which are the most common type of lesion, on the contralateral cerebellum has been studied in patients by positron emission tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging. In the present study, we investigated metabolite changes in the contralateral cerebral hemisphere after supratentorial unilateral ischemia using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-based metabonomics...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758223/metabonomics-profiling-of-marinated-meat-in-soy-sauce-during-processing
#11
Yang Yang, Yangfang Ye, Daodong Pan, Yangying Sun, Ying Wang, Jinxuan Cao
BACKGROUND: Marinated meat in soy sauce is one of the most popular traditional cured meat products in China. Its taste quality is directly related to primary and secondary metabolites. Herein, the change of metabolite composition of marinated meat in soy sauce during processing was systematically characterized using (1) H NMR and multivariate data analysis. RESULTS: The marinated meat in soy sauce metabonome was dominated by 26 metabolites, including amino acids, sugars, organic acids, nucleic aides and their derivatives...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742081/serum-fatty-acid-patterns-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-targeted-metabonomics-study
#12
X Yang, L Sun, A Zhao, X Hu, Y Qing, J Jiang, C Yang, T Xu, P Wang, J Liu, J Zhang, L He, W Jia, C Wan
Previous studies have indicated that schizophrenia is linked to abnormal lipid metabolism. Free fatty acids (FFAs) in peripheral blood can reflect the status of lipid metabolism in human body. The purpose of this study was to scan the FFA pattern and elucidate the characteristics of lipid metabolic abnormality in schizophrenia patients. One hundred and ten patients with schizophrenia (SCZs) and 109 healthy controls (HCs) were included in the study and divided into a discovery set and a validation set. Forty-seven serum FFAs were detected by UPLC-QTOF-MS and 39 of them were absolutely quantified by establishing standard curves...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734348/ion-mobility-spectrometry-combined-with-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-for-metabolic-phenotyping-of-urine-effects-of-column-length-gradient-duration-and-ion-mobility-spectrometry-on-metabolite-detection
#13
Paul D Rainville, Ian D Wilson, Jeremy K Nicholson, Giorgis Issacs, Lauren Mullin, James I Langridge, Robert S Plumb
The need for rapid and efficient high throughput metabolic phenotyping (metabotyping) in metabolomic/metabonomic studies often requires compromises to be made between analytical speed and metabolome coverage. Here the effect of column length (150, 75 and 30 mm) and gradient duration (15, 7.5 and 3 min respectively) on the number of features detected when untargeted metabolic profiling of human urine using reversed-phase gradient ultra performance chromatography with, and without, ion mobility spectrometry, has been examined...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733207/uplc-q-tof-ms-based-urine-and-plasma-metabonomics-study-on-the-ameliorative-effects-of-aspirin-eugenol-ester-in-hyperlipidemia-rats
#14
Ning Ma, Xi-Wang Liu, Xiao-Jun Kong, Zhe Qin, Shi-Hong Li, Zeng-Hua Jiao, Peng-Cheng Dong, Ya-Jun Yang, Jian-Yong Li
The main objective of this study was to investigate the ameliorative effects of aspirin eugenol ester (AEE) in hyperlipidemic rat. After five-week oral administration of AEE in high fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemic rats, the impact of AEE on plasma and urine metabonomics was investigated to explore the underlying mechanism by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS analysis. Blood lipid levels and histopathological changes of liver, stomach and duodenum were also evaluated after AEE treatment. Without obvious gastrointestinal (GI) side effects, AEE significantly relieved fatty degeneration of liver and reduced triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total cholesterol (TCH) (P<0...
July 18, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728150/fisher-discrimination-of-metabolic-changes-in-rats-treated-with-aspirin-and-ibuprofen
#15
Jing Zhang, Huanchun Song, Shuying Jiang, Zhibin Chen, Shuhua Tong, Feiyan Lin, Congcong Wen, Xiuhua Zhang, Lufeng Hu
BACKGROUND: Aspirin and ibuprofen are the most frequently prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the world. However, both are associated with a variety of toxicities. We applied serum metabonomics and Fisher discrimination for the early diagnosis of its toxic reaction in order to help diagnose these toxicities. METHODS: A total of 45 rats were randomly divided into Control group, Aspirin group, and Ibuprofen groups. The experiment groups were given intragastric aspirin (15 mg/kg) or ibuprofen (15 mg/kg) for 3 weeks...
2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722418/urine-metabonomics-reveals-early-biomarkers-in-diabetic-cognitive-dysfunction
#16
Lili Song, Pengwei Zhuang, Mengya Lin, Mingqin Kang, Hongyue Liu, Yuping Zhang, Zhen Yang, Yunlong Chen, Yanjun Zhang
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to diabetic encephalopathy which is one of frequent diabetic complications and affects nearly 30% diabetics. Since cognitive dysfunction from diabetic encephalopathy might develop irreversible dementia, early diagnosis and detection of this disease is of great significance for its prevention and treatment. This study is to investigate the early specific metabolites biomarkers in the urine prior to the onset of diabetic cognitive dysfunction (DCD) by using metabolomics technology...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694082/interest-of-metabonomic-approach-in-environmental-nephrotoxicants-application-to-aristolochic-acid-exposure
#17
M Duquesne, A-E Declèves, E De Prez, J Nortier, J M Colet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674386/metabolic-and-microbial-signatures-in-rat-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-caffeic-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid
#18
Zhan Zhang, Di Wang, Shanlei Qiao, Xinyue Wu, Shuyuan Cao, Li Wang, Xiaojian Su, Lei Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment remains lack of effective chemopreventive agents, therefore it is very attractive and urgent to discover novel anti-HCC drugs. In the present study, the effects of chlorogenic acid (ChA) and caffeic acid (CaA) on HCC induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) were evaluated. ChA or CaA could reduce the histopathological changes and liver injury markers, such as alanine transarninase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bile acid, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656200/cardioprotective-effects-and-mechanism-of-radix-salviae-miltiorrhizae-and-lignum-dalbergiae-odoriferae-on-rat-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#19
Fei Mu, Jialin Duan, Haixu Bian, Ying Yin, Yanrong Zhu, Guo Wei, Yue Guan, Yanhua Wang, Chao Guo, Aidong Wen, Yong Yang, Miaomiao Xi
Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (SM) and Lignum Dalbergiae odoriferae (DO) are traditional Chinese medicinal herbs used to treat ischemic heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases; however, to the best of our knowledge, there are currently few studies regarding their effects. The present study aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of SM and DO during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury in rats, and explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie their actions. In the present study, Sprague‑Dawley rats were pretreated with SM, the aqueous extract of DO (DOA) and the volatile oil of DO (DOO), either as a monotherapy or in combination for 7 days...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648929/toxicological-effects-of-nux-vomica-in-rats-urine-and-serum-by-means-of-clinical-chemistry-histopathology-and-1-h-nmr-based-metabonomics-approach
#20
Yunfei Fan, Shaofeng Liu, Xiaodong Chen, Meirou Feng, Fenyun Song, Xiaoxia Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The dried ripe seeds of Nux Vomica (Strychnos nux-vomica L.), a traditional Chinese medicine, have been used to treat multifarious symptoms. However, the clinical applications of Nux Vomica are limited by its severe toxicity. In this study, Nux Vomica was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabonomics and pathological examination to determine relevant biomarkers in target organs and to explain the underlying toxicity mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups of twelve rats...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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