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METABONOMIC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728150/fisher-discrimination-of-metabolic-changes-in-rats-treated-with-aspirin-and-ibuprofen
#1
Jing Zhang, Huanchun Song, Shuying Jiang, Zhibin Chen, Shuhua Tong, Feiyan Lin, Congcong Wen, Xiuhua Zhang, Lufeng Hu
BACKGROUND: Aspirin and ibuprofen are the most frequently prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the world. However, both are associated with a variety of toxicities. We applied serum metabonomics and Fisher discrimination for the early diagnosis of its toxic reaction in order to help diagnose these toxicities. METHODS: A total of 45 rats were randomly divided into Control group, Aspirin group, and Ibuprofen groups. The experiment groups were given intragastric aspirin (15 mg/kg) or ibuprofen (15 mg/kg) for 3 weeks...
July 21, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722418/urine-metabonomics-reveals-early-biomarkers-in-diabetic-cognitive-dysfunction
#2
Lili Song, Pengwei Zhuang, Mengya Lin, Mingqin Kang, Hongyue Liu, Yuping Zhang, Zhen Yang, Yunlong Chen, Yanjun Zhang
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to diabetic encephalopathy which is one of frequent diabetic complications and affects nearly 30% diabetics. Since cognitive dysfunction from diabetic encephalopathy might develop irreversible dementia, early diagnosis and detection of this disease is of great significance for its prevention and treatment. This study is to investigate the early specific metabolites biomarkers in the urine prior to the onset of diabetic cognitive dysfunction (DCD) by using metabolomics technology...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694082/interest-of-metabonomic-approach-in-environmental-nephrotoxicants-application-to-aristolochic-acid-exposure
#3
M Duquesne, A-E Declèves, E De Prez, J Nortier, J M Colet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674386/metabolic-and-microbial-signatures-in-rat-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-caffeic-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid
#4
Zhan Zhang, Di Wang, Shanlei Qiao, Xinyue Wu, Shuyuan Cao, Li Wang, Xiaojian Su, Lei Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment remains lack of effective chemopreventive agents, therefore it is very attractive and urgent to discover novel anti-HCC drugs. In the present study, the effects of chlorogenic acid (ChA) and caffeic acid (CaA) on HCC induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) were evaluated. ChA or CaA could reduce the histopathological changes and liver injury markers, such as alanine transarninase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bile acid, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656200/cardioprotective-effects-and-mechanism-of-radix-salviae-miltiorrhizae-and-lignum-dalbergiae-odoriferae-on-rat-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#5
Fei Mu, Jialin Duan, Haixu Bian, Ying Yin, Yanrong Zhu, Guo Wei, Yue Guan, Yanhua Wang, Chao Guo, Aidong Wen, Yong Yang, Miaomiao Xi
Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (SM) and Lignum Dalbergiae odoriferae (DO) are traditional Chinese medicinal herbs used to treat ischemic heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases; however, to the best of our knowledge, there are currently few studies regarding their effects. The present study aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of SM and DO during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury in rats, and explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie their actions. In the present study, Sprague‑Dawley rats were pretreated with SM, the aqueous extract of DO (DOA) and the volatile oil of DO (DOO), either as a monotherapy or in combination for 7 days...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648929/toxicological-effects-of-nux-vomica-in-rats-urine-and-serum-by-means-of-clinical-chemistry-histopathology-and-1-h-nmr-based-metabonomics-approach
#6
Yunfei Fan, Shaofeng Liu, Xiaodong Chen, Meirou Feng, Fenyun Song, Xiaoxia Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The dried ripe seeds of Nux Vomica (Strychnos nux-vomica L.), a traditional Chinese medicine, have been used to treat multifarious symptoms. However, the clinical applications of Nux Vomica are limited by its severe toxicity. In this study, Nux Vomica was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabonomics and pathological examination to determine relevant biomarkers in target organs and to explain the underlying toxicity mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups of twelve rats...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646502/the-liver-gut-microbiota-axis-modulates-hepatotoxicity-of-tacrine-in-the-rat
#7
Lian Yee Yip, Chiu Cheong Aw, Sze Han Lee, Yi Shuen Hong, Han Chen Ku, Winston Hecheng Xu, Jessalyn Mei Xuan Chan, Eleanor Jing Yi Cheong, Kern Rei Chng, Amanda Hui Qi Ng, Niranjan Nagarajan, Ratha Mahendran, Yuan Kun Lee, Edward R Browne, Eric Chun Yong Chan
The gut microbiota possesses diverse metabolic activities but its contribution towards heterogeneous toxicological responses is poorly understood. Here, we elucidate the role of the liver-gut microbiota axis in underpinning the hepatotoxicity of tacrine. We employed an integrated strategy combining pharmacokinetics, toxicology, metabonomics, genomics and metagenomics to elucidate and validate the mechanism of tacrine-induced hepatotoxicity in Lister hooded rats. Pharmacokinetic studies in rats demonstrated 3...
June 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637015/differential-metabonomic-profiles-of-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-tumors-from-alcoholic-liver-disease-hbv-infected-and-hcv-infected-cirrhotic-patients
#8
Ding Cao, Can Cai, Mingxin Ye, Junhua Gong, Menghao Wang, Jinzheng Li, Jianping Gong
Our objective was to comparatively profile the metabolite composition of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors from alcoholic liver disease (ALD), hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected, and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected cirrhotic patients. Primary HCC tumors were collected from ALD, HBV-infected, and HCV-infected cirrhotic patients (n=20 each). High-resolution magic-angle spinning proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and metabonomic data analysis were performed to compare HCC tumors from the three groups...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623793/tributyl-phosphate-impairs-the-urea-cycle-and-alters-liver-pathology-and-metabolism-in-mice-after-short-term-exposure-based-on-a-metabonomics-study
#9
Lili Zhou, Wenpeng Zhang, Wenping Xie, Huiming Chen, Wenlian Yu, Haishan Li, Guolin Shen
As a newly emerging environmental contaminant, tributyl phosphate (TBP) is of increasing concern because of the environmental problems it can cause. Studies have suggested that TBP induces hepatocellular adenomas and has malignant potential for hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanisms of its adverse effects are unclear. In this study, metabonomic techniques were used to identify differential endogenous metabolites, draw network metabolic pathways and conduct network analysis to elucidate the underlying mechanisms involved in TBP induced pathological changes of the liver...
June 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611517/urinary-metabolic-insights-into-host-gut-microbial-interactions-in-healthy-and-ibd-children
#10
Francois-Pierre Martin, Ming-Ming Su, Guo-Xiang Xie, Seu Ping Guiraud, Martin Kussmann, Jean-Philippe Godin, Wei Jia, Andreas Nydegger
AIM: To identify metabolic signatures in urine samples from healthy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) children. METHODS: We applied liquid chromatography and gas chromatography coupled to targeted mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolite profiling to identify and quantify bile acids and host-gut microbial metabolites in urine samples collected from 21 pediatric IBD patients monitored three times over one year (baseline, 6 and 12 mo), and 27 age- and gender-matched healthy children...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609104/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-alters-the-synthesis-and-%C3%AE-oxidation-of-fatty-acids-and-hinders-atp-supply-in-mouse-testes-via-uplc-q-exactive-orbitrap-ms-based-metabonomics-study
#11
Guolin Shen, Lili Zhou, Wei Liu, Yuan Cui, Wenping Xie, Huiming Chen, Wenlian Yu, Wentao Li, Haishan Li
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is considered to be an environmental endocrine disruptor at high levels of general exposure. Studies show that DEHP may cause testicular toxicity on human being. In this study, metabonomics techniques were used to identify differential endogenous metabolites, draw the network metabolic pathways, and conduct network analysis, to determine the underlying mechanisms of testicular toxicity induced by DEHP. The results showed that DEHP inhibited synthesis and accelerated β-oxidation of fatty acids and impaired the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) and gluconeogenesis, resulting in lactic acid accumulation and an insufficient ATP supply in the microenvironment of the testis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595107/application-of-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy-to-the-metabolic-phenotyping-of-rodent-brain-extracts-a-metabonomic-study-of-gut-microbial-influence-on-host-brain-metabolism
#12
J R Swann, I Garcia-Perez, V Braniste, I D Wilson, J E Sidaway, J K Nicholson, S Pettersson, E Holmes
(1)H NMR Spectroscopy has been applied to determine the neurochemical profiles of brain extracts from the frontal cortex and hippocampal regions of germ free and normal mice and rats. The results revealed a number of differences between germ free (GF) and conventional (CV) rats or specific pathogen-free (SPF) mice with microbiome-associated metabolic variation found to be both species- and region-dependent. In the mouse, the GF frontal cortex contained lower amounts of creatine, N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), glycerophosphocholine and lactate, but greater amounts of choline compared to that of specific pathogen free (SPF) mice...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591747/identification-and-causes-of-metabonomic-difference-between-orthotopic-and-subcutaneous-xenograft-of-pancreatic-cancer
#13
Bohan Zhan, Shi Wen, Jie Lu, Guiping Shen, Xianchao Lin, Jianghua Feng, Heguang Huang
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal tumors. However, the methodological differences between orthotopic and subcutaneous xenograft (OX and SX) models will cause confusion in understanding its pathological mechanism and clinical relevance. In this study, SX and OX models were established by implanting Panc-1 and BxPC-3 cell strains under skin and on the pancreas of mice, respectively. The tumor tissue and serum samples were collected for1H NMR spectroscopy followed by univariate and multivariate statistical analyses...
May 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567014/metabolic-profiling-analysis-of-the-alleviation-effect-of-treatment-with-baicalin-on-cinnabar-induced-toxicity-in-rats-urine-and-serum
#14
Guangyue Su, Gang Chen, Xiao An, Haifeng Wang, Yue-Hu Pei
Objectives: Baicalin is the main bioactive flavonoid constituent isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. The mechanisms of protection of liver remain unclear. In this study, (1)H NMR-based metabonomics approach has been used to investigate the alleviation effect of Baicalin. Method:(1)H NMR metabolomics analyses of urine and serum from rats, was performed to illuminate the alleviation effect of Baicalin on mineral medicine (cinnabar)-induced liver and kidney toxicity. Results: The metabolic profiles of groups receiving Baicalin at a dose of 80 mg/kg were remarkably different from cinnabar, and meanwhile, the level of endogenous metabolites returned to normal compared to group cinnabar...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565768/raman-spectrum-a-potential-biomarker-for-embryo-assessment-during-in-vitro-fertilization
#15
Jiayi Ding, Tian Xu, Xiaofang Tan, Hua Jin, Jun Shao, Haibo Li
The aim of the study was to investigate whether Raman spectrum is consistent with the morphological scoring of the embryo of day 3 during in vitro fertilization (IVF). The spent culture media of embryo of day 3 from 10 patients were collected and analyzed. The samples were analyzed using Raman spectroscopy and graded according to the standard embryo scoring system simultaneously. Data showed that the Raman spectra obtained from the droplet of media were useful, as they can act as the characteristic signature for protein and amino acids...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560624/urinary-metabolomic-profiling-in-rats-exposed-to-dietary-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-dehp-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry-uplc-q-tof-ms
#16
Xinwen Dong, Yunbo Zhang, Jin Dong, Yue Zhao, Jipeng Guo, Zhanju Wang, Mingqi Liu, Xiaolin Na, Cheng Wang
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an omnipresent environmental chemical with widespread nonoccupational human exposure through multiple ways. Although considerable efforts have been invested to investigate mechanisms of DEHP toxicity, the key metabolic biomarkers of DEHP toxicity remain to be identified. The aim of this study was to assess the urinary metabonomics of dietary DEHP in rats using the technique of ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS)...
May 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538412/biomarkers-of-unstable-angina-pectoris-and-yangxin-decoction-intervention-an-exploratory-metabonomics-study-of-blood-plasma
#17
Xiao-Hong Yu, Jing Sun, Yan Wang, Ya-Bin Zhou
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the related metabolic biomarkers and to observe the effects of Yangxin Decoction (YXD) on plasma metabolism of patients with unstable angina (UA). METHODS: In total, 10 patients with UA (intervention group) and 10 healthy participants (control group) were recruited for this study from January 2009 to December 2010. Plasma samples from both groups were analyzed using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) were used to explore the correlations between metabolic markers in patients with UA...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511119/effects-of-breviscapine-on-amyloid-beta-1-42-induced-alzheimer-s-disease-mice-a-hplc-qtof-ms-based-plasma-metabonomics-study
#18
Hongjun Xia, Lingling Wu, Mengying Chu, Huimin Feng, Chunliang Lu, Qinghe Wang, Minghai He, Xiaoqun Ge
Herba Erigerontis has long been used to cure apoplexy hemiplegia and precordial pain in China. In addition, the bioactivities of its total flavonoids-breviscapine included inhibiting amyloid beta (Aβ) fibril formation, antioxidation and metal chelating, which are beneficial to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, A HPLC-QTOF-MS based plasma metabonomics approach was applied to investigate the neuroprotective effects of breviscapine on intracerebroventricular injection of aggregated Aβ 1-42 induced AD mice for the first time in the study...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508092/a-metabonomic-analysis-on-the-response-of-enterobacter-cloacae-from-coastal-outfall-for-land-based-pollutant-under-phoxim-stress
#19
Dijun Zhang, Shan He, Tinghong Ming, Chenyang Lu, Jun Zhou, Xiurong Su
Enterobacter cloacae is an opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in human and animal intestinal systems. The secretion of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and cephalosporinase (AmpC) endows E. cloacae with strong drug resistance. In a previous study by our group, protein expression of E. cloacae under phoxim stress was measured by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance was used to detect differences in E. cloacae metabonomics when under phoxim stress. We determined that there are 29 types of metabolites that differ between phoxim stress and normal culture conditions...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496060/rapid-detection-of-small-molecule-metabolites-in-serum-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-using-ultrafast-liquid-chromatography-ion-trap-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Hui Li, Su-Fang Fan, Yan Wang, Shi-Gang Shen, Dian-Xing Sun
A method was developed for analyzing broad spectrum small molecule metabolites in the serum of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients based on ultrafast liquid chromatography-ion trap-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF MS). Serum samples were collected from 80 HCC patients and healthy persons. After pretreatment process for protein precipitation, the supernatant was analyzed with the UFLC-IT-TOF MS to obtain information on the metabonomics of small molecules. The eight compounds of glycocholic acid, choline glycerophosphate, acetyl-L-phenylalanine, oleamide, tetradecanamide, acetylcarnitine, lysolecithin and glycochenodeoxycholic acid in the HCC group were identified with significant differences from those in the health group (P <0...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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