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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793112/3d-printed-membrane-as-an-alternative-to-amniotic-membrane-for-ocular-surface-conjunctival-defect-reconstruction-an-in-vitro-in-vivo-study
#1
Shima Dehghani, Morteza Rasoulianboroujeni, Hamed Ghasemi, Saeed Heidari Keshel, Zohreh Nozarian, Mohammad Naser Hashemian, Mehran Zarei-Ghanavati, Golshan Latifi, Reza Ghaffari, Zhanfeng Cui, Hua Ye, Lobat Tayebi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical handling and clinical applicability of a specific 3D-printed membrane design fabricated using a gelatin, elastin and sodium hyaluronate blend for conjunctival reconstruction and compare it with amniotic membrane (AM), which is normally used in such surgeries. METHODS: 3D printing technique was employed to fabricate the membrane based on gradient design. Prior to printing, rheometry was employed to optimize the ink composition...
May 11, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793074/cross-linked-electrospun-cartilage-acellular-matrix-poly-caprolactone-co-lactide-co-glycolide-nanofiber-as-an-antiadhesive-barrier
#2
Jin Woo Lee, Joon Yeong Park, Seung Hun Park, Min Ju Kim, Bo Ram Song, Hee-Woong Yun, Tae Woong Kang, Hak Soo Choi, Young Jick Kim, Byoung Hyun Min, Moon Suk Kim
In this work, we chose cartilage acellular matrix (CAM) as a promising antiadhesive material because CAM effectively inhibits the formation of blood vessels, and we used electrospinning to prepare antiadhesive barriers. Additionally, we synthesized N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-poly(caprolactone-co-lactide-co-glycolide)-NHS (MP) copolymers (to tune degradation) as a cross-linking agent for CAM. This is the first report on the development of electrospun cross-linked (Cx) CAM/MP (CA/P) nanofiber (NF) (Cx-CA/P-NF) with a tunable degradation period as an antiadhesive barrier...
May 21, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793066/rapid-and-effective-removal-of-as-iii-and-as-v-using-spore-ti-4-microspheres
#3
Lijuan Lan, Bingjie Zheng, Yao Zhang, Yonggang Hu
Removing arsenic from aquatic environments has become an urgent problem worldwide. In this study, Ti4+ - loaded bacterial spore were adopted as a novel adsorbent (spore@Ti4+ microspheres) for the adsorption efficient removal of arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)). The developed adsorbents were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results indicated that the adsorption kinetics was well described by a pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and the adsorption process rapidly achieved equilibrium within 15 min at pH 7...
May 15, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792959/fabrication-and-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-cellulose-nanofibrils-using-bassia-eriophora-biomass
#4
Jegan Athinarayanan, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan Periasamy, Ali A Alshatwi
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNs) are eco-friendly, biodegradable, biocompatible, renewable, cost-effective, and possess excellent mechanical properties. We fabricated CNs from Bassia eriophora biomass, and the structure and morphology were investigated by transmission electron microscopy that revealed 2-6 μm long fibrillated structures with diameters of 15-40 nm. CNs biocompatibility was assessed using in vitro based assays, including cell viability assay, AO/EB staining, Hoechst staining, JC-1 staining, and gene expression analysis...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792886/t-grasp-a-targeted-grasp-for-assessing-neuronal-connectivity
#5
Harold K Shearin, Casey D Quinn, Robert D Mackin, Ian S Macdonald, R Steven Stowers
BACKGROUND: Understanding how behaviors are generated by neural circuits requires knowledge of the synaptic connections between the composite neurons. Methods for mapping synaptic connections, such as electron microscopy and paired recordings, are labor intensive and alternative methods are thus desirable. NEW METHOD: Development of a targeted GFP Reconstitution Across Synaptic Partners(GRASP) method, t-GRASP, for assessing neural connectivity is described. RESULTS: Numerous different pre-synaptic and post-synaptic/dendritic proteins were tested for enhancing the specificity of GRASP signal to synaptic regions...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792392/hemizygous-fabry-disease-associated-with-membranous-nephropathy-a-rare-case-report
#6
Wenyan Zhou, Zhaohui Ni, Minfang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease may coexist with various glomerular diseases, including IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, etc. In this study, we report a rare case of Fabry disease associated with membranous nephropathy (MN). CASE PRESENTATION: A 30-year-old man with nephrotic proteinuria, normal renal function, and no other extrarenal manifestations underwent a renal biopsy in February 2017. Light microscopy and immunofluorescence indicated MN (stage 1)...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792352/probing-the-settlement-signals-of-amphibalanus-amphitrite
#7
Mado Kotsiri, Maria Protopapa, Gesthimani-Myrto Roumelioti, Athena Economou-Amilli, Eleni K Efthimiadou, Skarlatos G Dedos
To achieve their reproductive potential, barnacles combine tactile exploration of surface structural properties and integration of cellular signals originating from their antennular sensory setae within a developmentally defined, temporally narrow window of settlement opportunity. Behavioural assays with cyprids coupled with biometric analysis of scanning electron microscopy-acquired images in the presence of specific chemical compounds were used to investigate how settlement on a substratum is altered in response to the presence of these compounds...
May 24, 2018: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792337/titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-induce-in-vitro-autophagy
#8
X Dai, R Liu, N Li, J Yi
AIM: Concerns about the possible toxicity to environment and human health of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between toxicology and autophage in vitro. METHODS: RAW 264.7 cells were exposed to five concentrations (50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 μg/mL) and two particle size of TiO2 NPs (30 and 100 nm) for 24 h. RESULTS: The results showed that TiO2 NPs decreased cell viability, phagocytic rate, and phagocytic index in a concentration-dependent manner, thereby inducing autophagy...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792032/a-tict-based-turn-on-fluorogenic-nano-probe-for-realtime-detection-of-serum-albumin-in-physiological-condition
#9
Soham Samanta, Senjuti Halder, Gopal Das
Two, cyanine based fluorescent probes L [(E)-2-(4-(diethylamino)-2-hydroxystyryl)-3-ethyl-1,1-dimethyl-1H-benzo[e]indol-3-ium iodide] and L1 [(E)-3-ethyl-1,1-dimethyl-2-(4-nitrostyryl)-1H-benzo[e]indol-3-ium iodide] have been designed and synthesized. Among these two probes; TICT (twisted intramolecular charge transfer) based probe L can preferentially self-assemble to form nanoaggregates. L displayed a selective TURN-ON fluorescence response towards HSA and BSA in ~100% aqueous PBS buffer medium which is noticeable through naked eye whereas L1 failed to sense these albumin proteins...
May 24, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791874/fabrication-of-electrospun-poly-vinyl-alcohol-dextran-nanofibers-via-emulsion-process-as-drug-delivery-system-kinetics-and-in-vitro-release-study
#10
A Meera Moydeen, M Syed Ali Padusha, Eman F Aboelfetoh, Salem S Al-Deyab, Mohamed H El-Newehy
A green method was used for the fabrication of coaxial nanofibers for use in biomedical applications. Coaxial nanofiber mats were fabricated by emulsion electrospinning from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and Dextran sulfate (Dex) blends loaded with ciprofloxacin (Cipro) as a model drug dissolved in edible oil. The ratio of the PVA/Dex mixture was optimized and nanofibers were stabilized against disintegration in water by thermal treatment at 120 °C. The morphology of the prepared nanofibers was observed by scanning electron microscopy and the structure of the core-shell nanofibers was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791804/environmentally-relevant-freeze-thaw-cycles-enhance-the-redox-mediated-morphological-changes-of-silver-nanoparticles
#11
Xiaoru Guo, Yongguang Yin, Zhiqiang Tan, Jing-Fu Liu
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are inevitably released into natural systems, particularly into aquatic environments, where they are oxidized and release Ag+ , which is reduced back to AgNPs. Environmental freeze-thaw cycles or freezing may accelerate the dynamic transformation between AgNPs and Ag+ . Herein, the significant morphological changes caused by freezing treatments were assessed by UV-vis spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, which revealed that reductive regeneration, particle fusion, and coalescence of the AgNPs occurred...
May 23, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791411/optical-nondestructive-dynamic-measurements-of-wafer-scale-encapsulated-nanofluidic-channels
#12
Vladimir Liberman, Melissa Smith, Isaac Weaver, Mordechai Rothschild
Nanofluidic channels are of great interest for DNA sequencing, chromatography, and drug delivery. However, metrology of embedded or sealed nanochannels and measurement of their fill-state have remained extremely challenging. Existing techniques have been restricted to optical microscopy, which suffers from insufficient resolution, or scanning electron microscopy, which cannot measure sealed or embedded channels without cleaving the sample. Here, we demonstrate a novel method for accurately extracting nanochannel cross-sectional dimensions and monitoring fluid filling, utilizing spectroscopic ellipsometric scatterometry, combined with rigorous electromagnetic simulations...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791234/searching-for-the-great-oxidation-event-in-north-america-a-reappraisal-of-the-huronian-supergroup-by-sims-sulfur-four-isotope-analysis
#13
Huan Cui, Kouki Kitajima, Michael J Spicuzza, John H Fournelle, Akizumi Ishida, Philip E Brown, John W Valley
Sedimentological observations from the Paleoproterozoic Huronian Supergroup are suggested to mark the rise in atmospheric oxygen at that time, which is commonly known as the Great Oxidation Event (GOE) and typically coupled with a transition from mass-independent fractionation (MIF) to mass-dependent fractionation (MDF) of sulfur isotopes. An early in situ study of S three-isotopes across the Huronian Supergroup by Papineau et al. ( 2007 ) identified a weak MIF-MDF transition. However, the interpretation and stratigraphic placement of this transition is ambiguous...
May 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791160/interaction-of-zwitterionic-and-ionic-monomers-with-graphene-surfaces
#14
Suguna Perumal, Atchudan Raji, In Woo Cheong
Measurement of the interaction force between two materials provides important information on various properties, such as adsorption, binding or compatibility for coatings, adhesion, and composites. The interaction forces of zwitterionic and ionic monomers with graphite platelets (G) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) surfaces were systematically investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air and water. The monomers examined were 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate (MPC), [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (SBE), [2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (ATC), and 2-methyl-2-propene-1-sulfonic acid sodium (MSS)...
May 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791140/correlative-stimulated-emission-depletion-and-scanning-ion-conductance-microscopy
#15
Philipp Hagemann, Astrid Gesper, Patrick Happel
Correlation microscopy combining fluorescence and scanning probe or electron microscopy is limited to fixed samples due to the sample preparation and non-physiological imaging conditions required by most probe or electron microscopy techniques. Among the few scanning probe techniques that allow imaging of living cells under physiological conditions, Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy (SICM) has been shown to be the technique which minimizes the impact on the investigated sample. However, combinations of SICM and fluorescence microscopy suffered from the mismatch in resolution due to the limited resolution of conventional light microscopy...
May 23, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791035/uncovering-cryptic-diversity-of-lyngbya-the-new-tropical-marine-cyanobacterial-genus-dapis-oscillatoriales
#16
Niclas Engene, Ana Tronholm, Valerie J Paul
Cyanobacteria comprise an extraordinarily diverse group of microorganisms and, as revealed by increasing molecular information, this biodiversity is even more extensive than previously estimated. In this sense, the cyanobacterial genus Lyngbya is a highly polyphyletic group composed of many unrelated taxa with morphological similarities. In this study, the new genus Dapis was erected from the genus Lyngbya, based on a combined molecular, chemical, and morphological approach. Herein, two new species of cyanobacteria are described: D...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790796/in-vitro-coagulation-triggers-anti-aspergillus-fumigatus-neutrophil-response
#17
Emilie Fréalle, Philippe Gosset, Sophie Leroy, Claire Delattre, Agnès Wacrenier, Christoph Zenzmaier, Christophe Zawadzki, El Moukhtar Aliouat, Susanne Perkhofer
AIM: To explore Aspergillus interactions with platelets in the blood, especially during clot formation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Aspergillus fumigatus resting or swollen conidia, germlings or hyphae were inoculated into blood sampled into tubes with or without anticoagulant. Interactions were explored using microscopy, and chemokine levels were determined. RESULTS: Anatomopathological examination of the clot revealed conidia and germlings colocalization with platelet aggregates, and neutrophil recruitment around aggregates...
May 23, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790554/construction-of-dual-functional-polymer-nanomaterials-with-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-and-polymer-prodrug-by-raft-mediated-aqueous-dispersion-polymerization
#18
Chun Tian, Jinyun Niu, Xuerui Wei, Yujie Xu, Lifen Zhang, Zhenping Cheng, Xiulin Zhu
The performance of functional polymer nanomaterials is a vigorously discussed topic in polymer science. We devoted ourselves to investigating polymer nanomaterials based on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and polymer prodrug in this study. Aza-boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) is an important organic dye, having characteristics such as environmental resistance, light resistance, high molar extinction coefficient, and fluorescence quantum yield. We incorporated it into our target monomer, which can be polymerized without changing its parent structure in a polar solvent and copolymerized with water-soluble monomer to improve the solubility of the dye in an aqueous solution...
May 23, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790490/a-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-based-magnetic-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-as-a-highly-selective-sorbent-for-ultrasonic-assisted-dispersive-solid-phase-microextraction-of-sotalol-in-biological-fluids
#19
Saeedeh Ansari, Saeed Masoum
A modified multiwalled carbon nanotube-based magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer (MWCNT-MMIP) was synthesized and applied for selective extraction and preconcentration of sotalol (SOT) in biological fluid samples by using ultrasonic-assisted dispersive solid-phase microextraction (UA-DSPME). The synthetic particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
May 23, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790351/light-absorption-coefficient-of-cspbbr-3-perovskite-nanocrystals
#20
Jorick Maes, Lieve Balcaen, Emile Drijvers, Qiang Zhao, Jonathan De Roo, André Vantomme, Frank Vanhaecke, Pieter Geiregat, Zeger Hens
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was combined with UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy to determine the size, composition, and intrinsic absorption coefficient μi of 4 to 11 nm sized colloidal CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs). The ICP-MS measurements demonstrate the nonstoichiometric nature of the NCs, with a systematic excess of lead for all samples studied. Rutherford backscattering measurements indicate that this enrichment in lead concurs with a relative increase in the bromide content...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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