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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342143/regulation-of-embryonic-haematopoietic-multipotency-by-ezh1
#1
Linda T Vo, Melissa A Kinney, Xin Liu, Yuannyu Zhang, Jessica Barragan, Patricia M Sousa, Deepak K Jha, Areum Han, Marcella Cesana, Zhen Shao, Trista E North, Stuart H Orkin, Sergei Doulatov, Jian Xu, George Q Daley
All haematopoietic cell lineages that circulate in the blood of adult mammals derive from multipotent haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). By contrast, in the blood of mammalian embryos, lineage-restricted progenitors arise first, independently of HSCs, which only emerge later in gestation. As best defined in the mouse, 'primitive' progenitors first appear in the yolk sac at 7.5 days post-coitum. Subsequently, erythroid-myeloid progenitors that express fetal haemoglobin, as well as fetal lymphoid progenitors, develop in the yolk sac and the embryo proper, but these cells lack HSC potential...
January 17, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339402/canonical-notch-signaling-is-dispensible-for-adult-steady-state-and-stress-myelo-erythropoiesis
#2
Sara Duarte, Petter S Woll, Natalija Buza-Vidas, Desmond Wai Loon Chin, Hanane Boukarabila, Tiago C Luís, Laura Stenson, Tiphaine Bouriez-Jones, Helen Ferry, Adam J Mead, Deborah Atkinson, Shaobo Jin, Sally-Ann Clark, Bishan Wu, Emmanouela Repapi, Nicki Gray, Stephen Taylor, Anders P Mutvei, Yat Long Tsoi, Claus Nerlov, Urban Lendahl, Sten Eirik W Jacobsen
While an essential role for canonical Notch signaling in generation of hematopoietic stem cells in the embryo and in thymic T cell development is well established, its role in adult bone marrow (BM) myelopoiesis remains unclear. Some studies, analyzing myeloid progenitors in adult mice with inhibited Notch signaling, implicated distinct roles of canonical Notch signaling in regulation of progenitors for the megakaryocyte, erythroid and granulocyte-macrophage cell lineages. However, these studies might also have targeted other pathways...
January 16, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338970/baicalein-and-baicalin-alleviate-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-by-activating-nrf2-antioxidative-pathway-the-involvement-of-erk1-2-and-pkc
#3
Liang Shi, Zhanxia Hao, Shaobo Zhang, Mengjuan Wei, Bin Lu, Zhengtao Wang, Lili Ji
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity is the main cause of drug-induced liver injury. This study investigated the protection of baicalin and its aglycone baicalein against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and its mechanism. Baicalein and baicalin alleviated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, baicalin-provided this protection was not diminished in hepatocytes or mice treated with β-glucuronidase inhibitor. Results of liver glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation demonstrated the alleviation of baicalein and baicalin on APAP-induced liver oxidative stress injury...
January 12, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338543/lucidone-suppresses-dengue-viral-replication-through-the-induction-of-heme-oxygenase-1
#4
Wei-Chun Chen, Chin-Kai Tseng, Chun-Kuang Lin, Shen-Nien Wang, Wen-Hung Wang, Shih-Hsien Hsu, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Ling-Chien Hung, Yen-Hsu Chen, Jin-Ching Lee
Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes life-threatening diseases such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Currently, there is no effective therapeutic agent or vaccine against DENV infection; hence, there is an urgent need to discover anti-DENV agents. The potential therapeutic efficacy of lucidone was first evaluated in vivo using a DENV-infected Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) suckling mouse model by monitoring body weight, clinical score, survival rate, and viral titer. We found that lucidone effectively protected mice from DENV infection by sustaining survival rate and reducing viral titers in DENV-infected ICR suckling mice...
January 17, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337893/soybean-derived-phytoalexins-improve-cognitive-function-through-activation-of-nrf2-ho-1-signaling-pathway
#5
Ji Yeon Seo, Bo Ram Kim, Jisun Oh, Jong-Sang Kim
As soy-derived glyceollins are known to induce antioxidant enzymes in various types of cells and tissues, we hypothesized that the compounds could protect neurons from damage due to reactive oxygen species (ROS). In order to examine the neuroprotective effect of glyceollins, primary cortical neurons collected from mice and mouse hippocampal HT22 cells were challenged with glutamate. Glyceollins attenuated glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in primary cortical neuron isolated from mice carrying wild-type nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), but the compounds were ineffective in those isolated from Nrf2 knockout mice, suggesting the involvement of the Nrf2 signaling pathway in glyceollin-mediated neuroprotection...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336484/epigenetic-regulation-of-megakaryocytic-and-erythroid-differentiation-by-phf2-histone-demethylase
#6
Jichun Yang, Jing Ma, Yu Xiong, Yanlin Wang, Kaiyue Jin, Wenjun Xia, Qing Chen, Jianbo Huang, Jin Zhang, Nan Jiang, Shayi Jiang, Duan Ma
Plant homeodomain finger 2 (PHF2) is a JmjC family histone demethylase that demethylates H3K9me2, a repressive gene marker. PHF2 was found to play a role in the differentiation of several tissue types such as osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation. We report here that PHF2 plays a role in the epigenetic regulation of megakaryocytic (MK) and erythroid differentiation. We investigated PHF2 expression during MK and erythroid differentiation in K562 and human CD34+ progenitor (hCD34+ ) cells. Our data demonstrate that PHF2 expression is down-regulated during megakaryopoiesis and erythropoiesis...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335845/carnosic-acid-as-a-promising-agent-in-protecting-mitochondria-of-brain-cells
#7
REVIEW
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira
Carnosic acid (CA; C20H28O4), a phenolic diterpene characterized as an ortho-dihydroquinone-type molecule, is a pro-electrophile agent that becomes an electrophile after reacting with free radicals. The electrophile generated from CA interacts with and activates the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor, which is a major modulator of redox biology in mammalian cells. CA induces antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in several cell types, as observed in both in vitro and in vivo experimental models...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333384/antioxidant-and-cytoprotective-activities-of-enzymatic-extracts-from-rhizoid-of-laminaria-japonica
#8
Jae-Young Je, Soo Yeon Park, Chang-Bum Ahn
Rhizoid of Laminaria japonica was hydrolyzed with proteases and carbohydrases to obtain antioxidant materials. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of the enzymatic extracts was evaluated and the Protamex extract (PE) exhibited the highest ORAC value. PE also potently scavenged 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic) acid cation radical, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and had good reducing power. PE inhibited hydroxyl radical-induced DNA scission by measuring the conversion of supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA to the open circular form...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333048/astaxanthin-ameliorates-hepatic-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-carbon-tetrachloride-administered-rats
#9
Md Ariful Islam, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Faruk, Md Tauhid Ul Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, A F M Towheedur Rahman, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
Background: Astaxanthin is of carotenoids group which possess strong antioxidant properties. The present study was conducted to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of astaxanthin in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-treated rats. Materials and Methods: Female Long-Evans rats were administered with CCl4 orally (1 ml/kg) twice a week for 2 weeks and were treated with astaxanthin (10 mg/kg) every day for 2 weeks. Blood plasma samples were isolated from each group and were analyzed for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase activities...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332935/novel-treatment-strategies-for-chronic-kidney-disease-insights-from-the-animal-kingdom
#10
REVIEW
Peter Stenvinkel, Johanna Painer, Makoto Kuro-O, Miguel Lanaspa, Walter Arnold, Thomas Ruf, Paul G Shiels, Richard J Johnson
Many of the >2 million animal species that inhabit Earth have developed survival mechanisms that aid in the prevention of obesity, kidney disease, starvation, dehydration and vascular ageing; however, some animals remain susceptible to these complications. Domestic and captive wild felids, for example, show susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD), potentially linked to the high protein intake of these animals. By contrast, naked mole rats are a model of longevity and are protected from extreme environmental conditions through mechanisms that provide resistance to oxidative stress...
January 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332584/multicomponent-reactions-for-multitargeted-compounds-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Lhassane Ismaili, Maria do Carmo Carreiras
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial and fatal neurodegenerative disorder affecting around 35 million people worldwide, which is characterized by decline of cholinergic function, deregulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) oligomers formation and Aβ fibril deposition. Multi-target--directed ligands (MTDLs) have emerged as an original strategy for developing new therapeutic agents on AD. Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) are a useful alternative to sequential multistep syntheses, allowing scaffold diversity and a rapid and easy access to biologically relevant compounds...
January 12, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331635/sotatercept-with-long-term-extension-for-the-treatment-of-anaemia-in-patients-with-lower-risk-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-phase-2-dose-ranging-trial
#12
Rami Komrokji, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Lionel Ades, Thomas Prebet, David P Steensma, Joseph G Jurcic, Mikkael A Sekeres, Jesus Berdeja, Michael R Savona, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Aspasia Stamatoullas, Amy E DeZern, Jacques Delaunay, Gautam Borthakur, Robert Rifkin, Thomas E Boyd, Abderrhamane Laadem, Bond Vo, Jennie Zhang, Marie Puccio-Pick, Kenneth M Attie, Pierre Fenaux, Alan F List
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndromes are characterised by ineffective erythropoiesis leading to anaemia. Sotatercept (ACE-011) is a novel activin receptor type IIA fusion protein that acts as a ligand trap to neutralise negative regulators of late-stage erythropoiesis. The aim of the study was to establish a safe and effective dose of sotatercept for the treatment of anaemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. METHODS: This open-label, multicentre, dose-ranging, phase 2 trial took place at 11 treatment centres in the USA and France...
January 10, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330927/defined-serum-free-medium-for-bioreactor-culture-of-an-immortalized-human-erythroblast-cell-line
#13
Esmond Lee, Zhong Ri Lim, Hong Yu-Chen, Bin Xia Yang, Alan Tin-Lun Lam, Allen Kuan-Liang Chen, Jaichandran Sivalingam, Shaul Reuveny, Yuin-Han Loh, Steve Kah-Weng Oh
Anticipated shortages in donated blood supply have prompted investigation of alternative approaches for in-vitro production of red blood cells (RBCs), such as expansion of conditional immortalization erythroid progenitors. However, there is a bioprocessing challenge wherein factors promoting maximal cell expansion and growth-limiting inhibitory factors are yet to be investigated. We used an erythroblast cell line (ImEry) derived from immortalizing CD71+CD235a+ erythroblast from adult peripheral blood for optimization of expansion culture conditions...
January 13, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330687/evaluation-of-the-mitochondria-related-redox-and-bioenergetics-effects-of-gastrodin-in-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-hydrogen-peroxide
#14
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Mitochondrion is the main site of ATP production in animal cells and also orchestrates signaling pathways associated with cell survival and death. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to bioenergetics and redox impairment in human diseases, such as neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease. Protective agents able to attenuate mitochondrial impairment are of pharmacological interest. Gastrodin (GAS; 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucoside) is a phenolic glucoside obtained from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects in several cell types...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330559/a-post-translational-balancing-act-the-good-and-the-bad-of-sumoylation-in-pancreatic-islets
#15
EDITORIAL
Patrick E MacDonald
Post-translational modification of proteins contributes to the control of cell function and survival. The balance of these in insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells is important for the maintenance of glucose homeostasis. Protection from the damaging effects of reactive oxygen species is required for beta cell survival, but if this happens at the expense of insulin secretory function then the ability of islets to respond to changing metabolic conditions may be compromised. In this issue of Diabetologia, He et al ( https://doi...
January 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330220/regulation-of-drug-metabolism-by-the-interplay-of-inflammatory-signaling-steatosis-and-xeno-sensing-receptors-in-heparg-cells
#16
Norman Tanner, Lisa Kubik, Claudia Luckert, Maria Thomas, Ute Hofmann, Ulrich M Zanger, Linda Bohmert, Alfonso Lampen, Albert Braeuning
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), characterized by triglyceride deposition in hepatocytes due to imbalanced lipid homeostasis, is of increasing concern in Western countries, with progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Previous studies suggest a complex, mutual influence of hepatic fat accumulation, NASH-related inflammatory mediators, and drug-sensing receptors regulating xenobiotic metabolism. Here, we investigated the suitability of human HepaRG hepatocarcinoma cells as a model for NAFLD and NASH...
January 12, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329925/phenotypic-and-molecular-characterisation-of-a-serum-free-miniature-erythroid-differentiation-system-suitable-for-high-throughput-screening-and-single-cell-assays
#17
Sachith Mettananda, Kevin Clark, Chris A Fisher, Jackie A Sloane-Stanley, Richard J Gibbons, Douglas R Higgs
In vitro erythroid differentiation systems are used to study the mechanisms underlying normal and abnormal erythropoiesis and to test the effects of various extracellular factors on erythropoiesis. The use of serum or conditioned medium in liquid cultures, and seeding cultures with heterogeneous peripheral blood mononuclear cells confound the reproducibility of these systems. Newer erythroid differentiation culture systems have overcome some of these limitations by using a fully defined, serum-free, medium and initiating cultures using purified CD34+ cells...
January 9, 2018: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329615/synthesis-and-cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-3-amino-2-hydroxypropoxygenistein-derivatives
#18
Xiao-Ting Geng, Jing-Jing Tang, Kun-Peng Cheng, Yuan-Tao Fu, Rong Hu, Jin-Rong Lu
Soy isoflavones exhibit various biological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and cardiovascular protective effects. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of sixteen synthesized 3-amino-2-hydroxypropoxy genistein derivatives on cell proliferation and activation of Nrf2 (Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2)/ARE (antioxidant response elements) pathway in human cancer cell lines. Most of the tested compounds exerted greater cytotoxic activity than genistein, as measured by MTT assay...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327715/de-novo-pure-erythroid-leukemia-refining-the-clinicopathologic-and-cytogenetic-characteristics-of-a-rare-entity
#19
Erica F Reinig, Patricia T Greipp, April Chiu, Matthew T Howard, Kaaren K Reichard
Per the revised fourth edition World Health Organization classification of acute myeloid leukemia, pure erythroid leukemia is now the sole type of acute erythroid leukemia. The diagnosis of this rare entity is often challenging and the cytologic overlap with non-neoplastic (eg, megaloblastic anemia) and neoplastic entities (eg, other types of acute leukemia and non-hematopoietic malignancies) warrants a significant degree of clinical, laboratory, immunophenotypic, and genetic investigation. Given the limited number of reports of this rare and diagnostically challenging entity, we report detailed clinicopathologic characteristics from 15 patients, the largest series thus far, of primary de novo pure erythroid leukemia to provide further diagnostic insights into this entity and reveal strategies for making the diagnosis...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326119/association-of-mutations-with-morphologic-dysplasia-in-de-novo-acute-myeloid-leukemia-without-2016-who-classification-defined-cytogenetic-abnormalities
#20
Olga K Weinberg, Christopher J Gibson, Traci M Blonquist, Donna Neuberg, Olga Pozdnyakova, Frank Kuo, Benjamin L Ebert, Robert P Hasserjian
Despite improvements in our understanding of the molecular basis of acute myeloid leukemia, the association between genetic mutations with morphologic dysplasia remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated and scored dysplasia in bone marrow specimens from 168 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia; none of these patients had 2016 WHO Classification-defined cytogenetic abnormalities. We then performed targeted sequencing of diagnostic bone marrow aspirates for recurrent mutations associated with myeloid malignancies...
January 11, 2018: Haematologica
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