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pps treatment

Balaji K Tamarappoo, Allan L Klein
Post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in a subgroup of patients who have undergone cardiothoracic surgery and is characterized by fever, pleuritic pain, pleural effusion, and pericardial effusion. It is associated with significant morbidity, and the leading complications include tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. Epidemiologic studies have found that PPS often occurs among younger patients; however, there is a lack of comprehensive risk stratification. It is therefore important to be able to identify patients who are at high risk for developing this disease...
November 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Hisao Imai, Keita Mori, Nodoka Watase, Toshifumi Kazama, Sakae Fujimoto, Kyoichi Kaira, Masanobu Yamada, Koichi Minato
BACKGROUND: The effects of first-line chemotherapy on overall survival (OS) might be confounded by subsequent therapies in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Therefore, the objective of our study was to determine the relationships between progression-free survival (PFS) or post-progression survival (PPS) and OS after first-line chemotherapy in elderly patients with extensive disease-SCLC (ED-SCLC), using individual level data. METHODS: Between July 1998 and December 2014, we analyzed 57 cases of elderly patients with ED-SCLC who were treated with carboplatin and etoposide as first-line chemotherapy...
August 1, 2016: Thoracic Cancer
Tiemei Zhao, Liang-An Chen, Ping Wang, Guizhen Tian, Feng Ye, Huili Zhu, Bei He, Baiying Zhang, Changzhou Shao, Zhijun Jie, Xiwen Gao, Dongxia Wang, Weidong Song, Zhijie Pan, Jin Chen, Xingyi Zhang, Zhancheng Gao, Ping Chen, Youning Liu
BACKGROUND: To compare 5-day regimen of levofloxacin 750 mg IV daily with 7-14-day conventional regimen of levofloxacin 500 mg intravenous to oral (IV/PO) daily for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Chinese population. METHODS: This was a non-inferiority study to assess the difference of clinical efficacy at the end of treatment (EOT) between two regimens. Adult CAP patients with CURB-65 score 0-2 were enrolled from 17 hospitals in China from November 2012 to July 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Miriam C Jiménez-Martínez, Efigenia Montalvo-González, Sonia G Sáyago-Ayerdi, Gil Mercado-Mercado, José A Ramírez- de León, Paz-Gamboa Ernestina, Maria A Vivar-Vera
BACKGROUND: The impact of high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) on the polyphenol (PP) content and antioxidant activity (AOX) of plantain pulp was evaluated. Pressures of 400, 500 and 600 MPa were applied to plantain pulp for 90 and 180 s at room temperature (25 °C). The polyphenoloxidase activity, extractable (EPP) and non-extractable PP (NEPP) contents, flavonoid content and AOX (FRAP, ABTS(•+) ) were evaluated. In addition, PP identification was performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Matthew Babcock, Joanne Gould Kuntz, Dan Kowalsky, Nicholas Calitri, Anne M Kenny
BACKGROUND: There is often little information on long-term prognosis available for Emergency Medicine physicians when decisions on admission, treatment, or consultations are being made for patients. There is a new focus to understand if palliative support should be offered in the emergency department (ED) and the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS), a screening tool used in other settings in palliative care, has been little used in the ED. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the PPS in predicting three- and six-month survival in patients admitted through the ED...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Wei Zhang, Xiaojing Deng, Chunyu Liu, Xu Wang
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the submucosal and muscular layers of the bladder. So far, there is no effective and targeted treatment strategy for IC/PBS. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of intravesical instillation treatment in IC/PBS patients. METHODS: We searched various databases up to October 2015. A network meta-analysis was performed to compare global response assessment (GRA) for different treatment strategies, including botulinum toxin A (BoNTA), bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), resiniferatoxin (RTX), lidocaine, chondroitin sulfate (CS), oxybutynin, and pentosan polysulfate (PPS)...
September 10, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Hyun Jung Kim, Hyungwoo Kim, Myeong Ho Jung, Young Kyu Kwon, Byung Joo Kim
Berberine is traditionally used to treat gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders. The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are the pacemaker cells of the gastrointestinal tract, which are responsible for the production of gut movements. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of berberine on pacemaker potentials (PPs) in cultured ICC clusters from the mouse small intestine, and sought to identify the receptors involved and the underlying mechanisms of action. All experiments were performed on cultured ICCs, and a whole‑cell patch‑clamp configuration was used to record PPs from ICC clusters (current clamp mode)...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Musarrat Riaz, Abdul Basit
Pakistan is a developing country with diverse social, economic and cultural dimensions along with limited resources. Non communicable diseases (NCDS) including diabetes are highly prevalent compromising the already challenged health care system. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with its associated maternal and foetal complications is increasing with rapidly changing lifestyle pattern. Since Pakistan has limited resources and other health issues compete strongly with gestational diabetes initiatives, the most feasible strategy will be the horizontal integration...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Julia B Hennermann, Seyfullah Gökce, Alexander Solyom, Eugen Mengel, Edward H Schuchman, Calogera M Simonaro
Current treatment options for MPS I have limited effects on some organs, including the skeletal system. In MPS animal models pentosan polysulphate (PPS) reduces the concentrations of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in tissues and body fluids and improves cartilaginous and osseous pathologies. The goals of this study were to investigate primarily the safety and secondary the clinical effects, concerning mobility and pain, of PPS treatment in MPS I patients. Four MPS I-Hurler-Scheie/-Scheie patients aged 35.6 ± 6...
November 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Musarrat Riaz, Abdul Basit
Pakistan is a developing country with diverse social, economic and cultural dimensions along with limited resources. Non communicable diseases (NCDS) including diabetes are highly prevalent compromising the already challenged health care system. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with its associated maternal and foetal complications is increasing with rapidly changing lifestyle pattern. Since Pakistan has limited resources and other health issues compete strongly with gestational diabetes initiatives, the most feasible strategy will be the horizontal integration...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Robert C Sergott, Chris A Johnson, Kenneth D Laxer, Robert T Wechsler, Katya Cherny, JoAnn Whittle, Ge Feng, Deborah Lee, Jouko Isojarvi
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate visual-field and retinal-structure changes following adjunctive vigabatrin treatment in vigabatrin-naive adults with refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS). METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, single-arm, open-label study (NCT01278173). Eligible patients (≥2 seizures/month who failed ≥3 therapies) who could reliably perform perimetry (Humphrey automated static) and retinal-structure assessment (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography) prior to vigabatrin exposure...
October 2016: Epilepsia
Érika P Rampazo, Richard E Liebano, Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi, Roberta A C Folha, Lydia M Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of high voltage pulsed current in collagen realignment and synthesis and in angiogenesis after the partial rupturing of the Achilles tendon in rats. METHOD: Forty male Wistar rats were randomized into four groups of 10 animals each: sham, cathodic stimulation, anodic stimulation, and alternating stimulation. Their Achilles tendons were submitted to direct trauma by a free-falling metal bar. Then, the treatment was administered for six consecutive days after the injury...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
(no author information available yet)
We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital-related costs of acute care hospitals to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems for FY 2017. Some of these changes will implement certain statutory provisions contained in the Pathway for Sustainable Growth Reform Act of 2013, the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014, the Notice of Observation Treatment and Implications for Care Eligibility Act of 2015, and other legislation...
August 22, 2016: Federal Register
Naoki Matsuo, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Kenichiro Okamoto, Yoshihisa Matsumoto, Keisuke Kaneishi, Takuya Odagiri, Hiroki Sakurai, Hideki Katayama, Ichiro Mori, Hirohide Yamada, Hiroaki Watanabe, Taro Yokoyama, Takashi Yamaguchi, Tomohiro Nishi, Akemi Shirado, Shuji Hiramoto, Toshio Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kohara, Satofumi Shimoyama, Etsuko Aruga, Mika Baba, Koki Sumita, Satoru Iwase
PURPOSE: Although corticosteroids are widely used to relieve anorexia, information regarding the factors predicting responses to corticosteroids remains limited. The purpose of the study is to identify potential factors predicting responses to corticosteroids for anorexia in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this multicenter prospective observational study were patients who had metastatic or locally advanced cancer and had an anorexia intensity score of 4 or more on a 0-10 Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)...
August 18, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Young Sun Suh, Yun-Hong Cheon, Ji Eun Kim, Ji-Min Kim, Sang-Hyon Kim, Won-Seok Lee, Wan-Hee Yoo, Sang-Il Lee, Hyun-Ok Kim
AIM: To investigate whether plain radiography is useful for assessing the changes in gouty tophi size following hypouricemic therapy. METHODS: Gout was diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria. Before and after hypouricemic treatment, serum uric acid level was measured, and plain radiography was performed to measure gouty tophi size. The tophi were graded by measuring the maximum vertical and horizontal diameters, and they were scored by adding up the scores of the grades...
August 12, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Saeko Masumoto, Akari Terao, Yuji Yamamoto, Takao Mukai, Tomisato Miura, Toshihiko Shoji
Several studies have suggested that flavan-3-ols/procyanidins are associated with a reduced risk of developing obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, the role of highly polymeric procyanidins (PP), which are major non-absorbable flavonoids, in the biological effects, is not completely understood. Here, we show that 0.5% PP administration for 20 weeks alleviated obesity and regulate expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in C57BL/6J mice fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet. PP-treatment attenuated weight gain and inflammatory effects including lipopolysaccharide and gut permeability...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yeon Hee Park, Tae Yong Kim, Young-Hyuck Im, Keun-Seok Lee, In Hae Park, Joohyuk Sohn, Soo-Hyeon Lee, Seock-Ah Im, Jee Hyun Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Soo Jung Lee, Su-Jin Koh, Ki Hyeong Lee, Yoon Ji Choi, Eun Kyung Cho, Suee Lee, Seok Yun Kang, Jae Hong Seo, Sung-Bae Kim, Kyung Hae Jung
Purpose: Eribulin mesilate was approved for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC), who had received at least 2 chemotherapeutic regimens, including anthracycline and taxane. On the other hand, the efficacy and safety information of eribulin in Korean patients is limited by the lack of clinical trials. Materials and Methods: In this multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase IV study, locally advanced or MBC patients were enrolled between June 2013 and April 2014 from 14 centers in Korea...
August 3, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Geoffrey Liu, Jie Zhang, Zheng-Yi Zhou, Junlong Li, Xiaopeng Cai, James Signorovitch
OBJECTIVE: Time to progression (TTP) is a surrogate marker of overall survival (OS). However, OS is also dependent on post-progression survival (PPS). This study evaluated the association between TTP and the duration of PPS among adult patients who received ceritinib (Zykadia (1) ) for the treatment of advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK+) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A pooled analysis was performed on 181 ASCEND-1 (phase I) and ASCEND-2 (phase II) patients who experienced disease progression while on ceritinib...
November 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Xu-Dong Tang, Bin Lu, Zhen-Hua Li, Wei Wei, Li-Na Meng, Bao-Shuang Li, Zhi-Peng Tang, Rui Gao, Feng-Yun Wang, Fang Lu, Li-Qun Bian, Ying-Pan Zhao, Ping Wang, Yin-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) decoction Chang'an I Recipe (I) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). METHOD: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed. Based on the order of inclusion, the IBS-D patients were randomly assigned to the treatment group or the placebo control group, administrated with Chang'an I Recipe or placebo, 150 mL/bag, 3 times daily, for 8 weeks...
August 3, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Joanne O'Connor, Dorothy McCaughan, Catriona McDaid, Alison Booth, Debra Fayter, Roccio Rodriguez-Lopez, Roy Bowers, Lisa Dyson, Cynthia P Iglesias, Simon Lalor, Rory J O'Connor, Margaret Phillips, Gita Ramdharry
BACKGROUND: Patients who have knee instability that is associated with neuromuscular disease (NMD) and central nervous system (CNS) conditions can be treated using orthoses, such as knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs). OBJECTIVES: To assess existing evidence on the effectiveness of orthoses; patient perspectives; types of orthotic devices prescribed in the UK NHS; and associated costs. METHODS: Qualitative study of views of orthoses users - a qualitative in-depth interview study was undertaken...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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