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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748219/envy-s-pathology-historical-contexts
#1
Lina Minou
This article is concerned with the physicality of envy primarily in early -modern, but also in eighteenth-century health contexts. The discussion brings together descriptions of the effects of envy on the body of the envier, mainly from works of physiology and health preservation, but also from literary and spiritual writings. These depictions of envy are studied beyond their symbolism and with a view to establish whether they are meaningful according to the medical theories of the time in which they occur...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746422/patients-with-duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophies-are-not-more-asymmetrical-than-healthy-controls-on-timed-performance-of-upper-limb-tasks
#2
M C Artilheiro, C S C Sá, F M Fávero, F A Caromano, M C Voos
This study aimed to investigate possible asymmetries and relationships between performance of dominant and non-dominant upper limbs (UL) in patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD/BMD), to compare UL performance of patients and healthy subjects and to investigate the relationship between timed performance of UL and age, motor function and muscle strength in DMD/BMD patients. Sixteen patients with DMD and 3 with BMD were evaluated with Jebsen-Taylor Test (timed performance), Vignos scale and Dimension 3 of Motor Function Measure (motor function), and Medical Research Council scale (muscle strength) on a single session...
July 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746069/barriers-to-medical-students-electronic-health-record-access-can-impede-their-preparedness-for-practice
#3
Catherine M Welcher, William Hersh, Blaine Takesue, Victoria Stagg Elliott, Richard E Hawkins
Medical students need hands-on experience documenting clinical encounters as well as entering orders to prepare for residency and become competent physicians. In the era of paper medical records, students consistently acquired experience writing notes and entering orders as part of their clinical experience. Over the past decade, however, patient records have transitioned from paper to electronic form. This change has had the unintended consequence of limiting medical students' access to patient records. This restriction has meant that many students leave medical school without the appropriate medical record skills for transitioning to residency...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742452/-the-third-sex-is-here-to-stay-rhetorical-reconstructions-of-lesbian-sexuality-in-vice-versa
#4
Kate Litterer
Vice Versa, published in Los Angeles from 1947-1948 and regarded as the first lesbian periodical in the United States, was authored and edited by Lisa Ben (anagram for "lesbian"). While Vice Versa is lauded for inspiring later lesbian publications, little scholarship has analyzed the magazine's contents. Queer rhetorical analysis allows me to demonstrate the integral role Vice Versa played in counteracting cultural and medical classifications of lesbians during the 1940s. Through an analysis of Vice Versa's book and movie reviews, an editorial, and creative writing, this article analyzes the way Ben uses queer rhetoric to turn narratives of medical and psychological deviancy and inferiority into a means for empowerment and community building...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737994/impact-of-a-patient-support-program-on-patient-adherence-to-adalimumab-and-direct-medical-costs-in-crohn-s-disease-ulcerative-colitis-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#5
David T Rubin, Manish Mittal, Matthew Davis, Scott Johnson, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: AbbVie provides a free-to-patient patient support program (PSP) to assist adalimumab-treated patients with medication costs, nurse support, injection training, pen disposal, and medication reminders. The impact of these services on patient adherence to adalimumab and direct medical costs associated with autoimmune disease has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between participation in a PSP and outcomes (adalimumab adherence, persistence, and direct medical costs) in patients initiating adalimumab treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730671/many-faces-of-rationality-implications-of-the-great-rationality-debate-for-clinical-decision-making
#6
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Shira Elqayam
Given that more than 30% of healthcare costs are wasted on inappropriate care, suboptimal care is increasingly connected to the quality of medical decisions. It has been argued that personal decisions are the leading cause of death, and 80% of healthcare expenditures result from physicians' decisions. Therefore, improving healthcare necessitates improving medical decisions, ie, making decisions (more) rational. Drawing on writings from The Great Rationality Debate from the fields of philosophy, economics, and psychology, we identify core ingredients of rationality commonly encountered across various theoretical models...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721313/2016-writing-contest-graduate-winner-cardiovascular-disease-training-for-community-health-workers-serving-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-peoples
#7
Chace DI Moleta, Mele A Look, Mililani K Trask-Batti, Tricia Mabellos, Marjorie L Mau
To help community health workers (CHW) meet increased demand for their services, it is essential to have data supported strategies for approaches to their training and capacity development. The objective of this paper is to report on the development, implementation, and evaluation of "Heart 101," a cardiovascular disease (CVD) training program, conducted among CHW in Hawai'i who serve Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Peoples (NHPP). Principles from Community-Based Participatory Research provided a framework to develop and implement the 5-hour training curriculum...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721312/2016-writing-contest-undergraduate-winner-the-relationship-between-medication-adherence-and-total-healthcare-expenditures-by-race-ethnicity-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-hawai-i
#8
Cori X Sutton, Dee-Ann Carpenter, Wesley Sumida, Deborah Taira
Diabetes is a costly, chronic disease that is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Studies show that Native Hawaiians suffer from higher rates of diabetes and lower rates of medication adherence compared to Caucasians and Japanese. This study compared total annual healthcare expenditures of patients with diabetes in Hawai'i by race and ethnicity and determined whether any existing differences persisted after controlling for medication adherence and demographic factors. The study population consisted of 30,445 individuals, using administrative claims data from a large health plan in Hawai'i...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707643/assessing-reading-levels-of-health-information-uses-and-limitations-of-flesch-formula
#9
Pranay Jindal, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Written health information is commonly used by health-care professionals (HCPs) to inform and assess patients in clinical practice. With growing self-management of many health conditions and increased information seeking behavior among patients, there is a greater stress on HCPs and researchers to develop and implement readable and understandable health information. Readability formulas such as Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) and Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level (FKRGL) are commonly used by researchers and HCPs to assess if health information is reading grade appropriate for patients...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707258/-connecting-the-dots-a-qualitative-study-of-home-health-nurse-perspectives-on-coordinating-care-for-recently-discharged-patients
#10
Christine D Jones, Jacqueline Jones, Angela Richard, Kathryn Bowles, Dana Lahoff, Rebecca S Boxer, Frederick A Masoudi, Eric A Coleman, Heidi L Wald
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly one-third of adults 65 years or older with Medicare discharged to home after hospitalization were referred for home health care (HHC) services. Care coordination between the hospital and HHC is frequently inadequate and may contribute to medication errors and readmissions. Insights from HHC nurses could inform improvements to care coordination. OBJECTIVE: To describe HHC nurse perspectives about challenges and solutions to coordinating care for recently discharged patients...
July 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693492/barriers-to-publishing-in-biomedical-journals-perceived-by-a-sample-of-french-researchers-results-of-the-diazepam-study
#11
Martin Duracinsky, Christophe Lalanne, Laurence Rous, Aichata Fofana Dara, Lesya Baudoin, Claire Pellet, Alexandre Descamps, Fabienne Péretz, Olivier Chassany
BACKGROUND: As publishing is essential but competitive for researchers, difficulties in writing and submitting medical articles to biomedical journals are disabling. The DIAzePAM (Difficultés des Auteurs à la Publication d'Articles Médicaux) survey aimed to assess the difficulties experienced by researchers in the AP-HP (Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, i.e., Paris Hospitals Board, France), the largest public health institution in Europe, when preparing articles for biomedical journals...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686879/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-qatar-one-year-anniversary
#12
REVIEW
Mohammad Bakr, Ibrahim Al-Hijji, Naziha Menasria, Zeyd Merenkov, Safaa Al-Azzawi, Ruba Taha, Amaal Gulied, Catherine Anne Gillespie, Said Dermime, Effie Liakopoulou, Alexander Knuth
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers potentially curative therapy for many hematologic and nonhematologic conditions. As a successful outcome of Qatar's National Cancer Strategy, the HSCT program was started in the National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR) in October 2015. The HSCT program in NCCCR is the only transplant program in Qatar and self-sufficient with all three core components: the stem cell collection facility, the stem cell processing facility, and the clinical program, which are locally available at Hamad Medical Corporation...
June 29, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681675/expert-consensus-for-pvcr-in-severe-rigid-and-angular-spinal-deformity-treatment-the-kunming-consensus
#13
Jing-Ming Xie, Zhong-Qiang Chen, Jian-Xiong Shen, Xue-Song Zhang, Cao Yang, Zhao-Min Zheng, Bang-Ping Qian, Shiau-Tzu Tzeng, Hui-Zhong Tian, Chao Li, Ji Wu, Zeng-Hui Wu, Wen-Yuan Ding, Yuan Ma, Shi-Xin Du, Yu-Shu Bai, Ying-Song Wang, Li-Min Liu, Hua Yang, Zhuo-Jia Zhou, Shi-Ming Xie, Qi Cao, Zhao Yang
In the past decades, an increasing number of surgeons started using posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) to treat severe, rigid and angular spinal deformities. Little high-level evidence is available to guide surgical treatment. The aims of our study were to identify important surgical strategies and key technical points of Chinese experts who have extensive experience in the management of severe, rigid and angular spinal deformities using PVCR, and to standardize and unify the current core concepts...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679935/validity-of-scientometric-analysis-of-medical-research-output
#14
Izet Masic, Edin Begic, Nedim Begic
The aim of this paper is to point out the errors in scientometric analysis of an author's work, as well as the inconsistency of Google Scholars when performing such analyzes. Development of information technology has led to the development of the scientometric analyzes, which already have great significance for many decisions in the academic medical community, and represents a cross section of work of an author. Scientometric indices in the medical community become a tool in selecting the management of institutions, as well as membership in many academies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677472/how-to-set-up-and-administer-an-enteral-feed-via-a-nasogastric-tube
#15
Carolyn Best
Rationale and key points Nasogastric tube feeding is a method of enteral feeding commonly administered by nurses. Feed can be administered either using a volumetric enteral feeding pump (pump feeding) or via an enteral syringe (bolus feeding). This article explains how nurses can safely undertake these two methods of nasogastric tube feed administration at the patient's bedside. » Nasogastric tube feeding can be used to provide some or all of the patient's nutrition, fluid or medication. » Nurses should be equipped with the relevant knowledge to flush a nasogastric tube before the administration of feed or medication; set up and administer an enteral feed via a volumetric enteral feeding pump; and set up and administer a feed using a bolus method...
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677173/handing-over-patients-from-the-icu-to-the-general-ward-a-focused-ethnographical-study-of-nurses-communication-practice
#16
Gitte Bunkenborg, Tina Bitsch Hansen, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton
AIM: To explore nursing practice and perception of engaging in communicative interaction when handing over multi morbid patients from the ICU to general medical or surgical wards. BACKGROUND: Communication failures impose risks to patient safety. ICU and general ward nurses communicate in writing and verbally when handing over patients from one setting to another. A deeper understanding of nurses' communicative interaction and of nurses' perception of their interaction is crucial to facilitate clinical interventions focusing to improve patient safety...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676012/statins-and-the-brain-more-than-lipid-lowering-agents
#17
Anna Fracassi, Martina Marangoni, Pamela Rosso, Valentina Pallottini, Marco Fioramonti, Silvia Siteni, Marco Segatto
BACKGROUND: Statins represent a class of medications widely prescribed to efficiently treat dyslipidemia. These drugs inhibit 3-βhydroxy 3β-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A reductase (HMGR), the rate-limiting enzyme of mevalonate (MVA) pathway. Besides cholesterol, MVA pathway leads to the production of several other compounds, which are essential in the regulation of a plethora of biological activities, including in the central nervous system. For these reasons, statins are able to induce pleiotropic actions, and acquired increased interest as potential and novel modulators in brain processes, especially during pathological conditions...
July 3, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674861/the-muddle-of-medicalization-pathologizing-or-medicalizing
#18
Jonathan Sholl
Medicalization appears to be an issue that is both ubiquitous and unquestionably problematic as it seems to signal at once a social and existential threat. This perception of medicalization, however, is nothing new. Since the first main writings in the 1960s and 1970s, it has consistently been used to describe inappropriate or abusive instances of medical authority. Yet, while this standard approach claims that medicalization is a growing problem, it assumes that there is simply one "medical model" and that the expanding realm of "the medical" can be more or less clearly delineated...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674681/myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-in-young-people-a-primer
#19
REVIEW
Peter C Rowe, Rosemary A Underhill, Kenneth J Friedman, Alan Gurwitt, Marvin S Medow, Malcolm S Schwartz, Nigel Speight, Julian M Stewart, Rosamund Vallings, Katherine S Rowe
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease that affects children and adolescents as well as adults. The etiology has not been established. While many pediatricians and other health-care providers are aware of ME/CFS, they often lack essential knowledge that is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Many young patients experience symptoms for years before receiving a diagnosis. This primer, written by the International Writing Group for Pediatric ME/CFS, provides information necessary to understand, diagnose, and manage the symptoms of ME/CFS in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670431/evaluation-on-hope-and-psychological-symptoms-in-infertile-couples-undergoing-assisted-reproduction-treatment
#20
Reza Omani Samani, Samira Vesali, Behnaz Navid, Bahareh Vakiliniya, Maryam Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated hope, depression, anxiety, and stress among three groups of infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of three groups of infertile couples-candidates for oocyte donation (n=60), embryo donation (n=60), and normal infertile (n=60). Participants included couples seen at Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran between 2013-2014 who were at least 18 years of age and could read and write in Persian. Participants provided demographic and general characteristics and completed the Persian version of the Adult Trait Hope Scale (hope, agency and pathway) and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS)...
July 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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