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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079493/ernst-mach-invents-a-new-sphygmograph
#1
Alexandre Métraux
Argument The sphygmograph as designed and tested by Jules-Étienne Marey - an apparatus destined to write pulse tracings on paper - revolutionized medical diagnostics in the early 1860s. Since the accuracy with which this device registered and objectified the pulse was controversial from the outset, the young scholar Ernst Mach (soon to become a leading theoretician and philosopher) decided to thoroughly examine Marey's sphygmograph. The investigation led to the invention of an alternative, truly Machian, sphygmograph...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#2
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074589/on-patient-well-being-and-professional-authority
#3
Mildred Z Solomon
Two papers in this issue address the limits of surrogates' authority when making life-and-death decisions for dying family members or friends. Using palliative sedation as an example, Jeffrey Berger offers a conceptual argument for bounding surrogate authority. Since freedom from pain is an essential interest, when imminently dying, cognitively incapacitated patients are in duress and their symptoms are not manageable in any other way, clinicians should be free to offer palliative sedation without surrogate consent, although assent should be sought and every effort made to work with surrogates as harmoniously as possible...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074563/a-time-and-motion-study-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-implementation-in-health-care-settings
#4
Alexander J Cowell, William N Dowd, Justin Landwehr, Carolina Barbosa, Jeremy W Bray
AIMS: Screening and brief intervention for harmful substance use in medical settings is being promoted heavily in the United States. To justify service provision fiscally, the field needs accurate estimates of the number and type of staff required to provide services, and thus the time taken to perform activities used to deliver services. This study analyzed the time spent in activities for the component services of the substance misuse Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) program implemented in emergency departments, in-patient units and ambulatory clinics...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068518/impact-of-space-environment-on-stability-of-medicines-challenges-and-prospects
#5
REVIEW
Priti Mehta, Dhara Bhayani
To upkeep health of astronauts in a unique, isolated, and extreme environment of space is the primary goal for a successful space mission, hence, safe and efficacious medications are essential for the wellness of astronauts. Space medication has been challenged with problems related to efficacy. Along with altered physiology, one of the possible reasons could be instability of space medications in the presence of harsh spaceflight environmental conditions. Altered physical and chemical stability can result in reduced potency which can result in reduced efficacy...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066014/medicine-medical-writing-and-india
#6
M Jacob, K S Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060572/-believe-it-or-not-the-medical-framing-of-rectal-foreign-bodies
#7
William J Robertson
Medical and lay attention to and intervention for rectal foreign bodies, the presence of an object in the rectum most often via insertion through the anus, has long been a source of humour and suspicion in both medical and public discourses. How do the ways medical providers write and talk to each other about rectal foreign bodies shape and reflect understandings of gender, sexuality and the (im)proper use of the anus and rectum? This paper examines the medical literature on rectal foreign bodies to shed light on the ways in which medical providers frame rectal foreign bodies...
January 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057946/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-sildenafil-induced-erythema-multiforme-acute-liver-injury-due-to-febuxostat-intravenous-acetaminophen-induced-acute-hepatotoxicity-acute-transient-myopia-induced-by-zanamivir-lidocaine-induced-hoigne-syndrome
#8
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053661/psychological-morbidity-and-substance-use-among-patients-with-hypertension-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey-from-south-west-ethiopia
#9
Matiwos Soboka, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Markos Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Psychological morbidity and substance use disorders have been linked to cardiovascular diseases; affecting patients' medical outcome and quality of life. However, little is known about psychological morbidity and substance use among patients with hypertension in Ethiopia. Therefore, we aimed to assess psychological comorbidity and substance use among hypertensive patients in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 396 hypertensive patients on follow-up at Jimma University Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia during the study period...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048855/th-d-brb-01-scripting-fundamentals-killing-cancer-with-code
#10
R Popple
: Scripting capabilities and application programming interfaces (APIs) are becoming commonly available in modern treatment planning systems. These links to the treatment planning system (TPS) allow users to read data from the TPS, and in some cases use TPS functionality and write data back to the TPS. Such tools are powerful extensions, allowing automation of routine clinical tasks and supporting research, particularly research involving repetitive tasks on large patient populations. The data and functionality exposed by scripting/API capabilities is vendor dependent, as are the languages used by script/API engines, such as the Microsoft ...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048687/tu-fg-207b-05-funding-opportunities-at-the-national-science-foundation
#11
W Olbricht
: Up-to-date knowledge about federal funding opportunities related to medical physics research, as well as obtaining skills for writing effective grant proposals are critical for academic and entrepreneurial medical physicists. In this symposium, program directors from key federal research funding agencies, including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Science Foundation, will present information about current funding opportunities relevant to the field of medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048646/tu-ab-brc-07-efficiency-of-an-iaea-phase-space-source-for-a-low-energy-x-ray-tube-using-egs
#12
Pgf Watson, M A Renaud, J Seuntjens
PURPOSE: To extend the capability of the EGSnrc C++ class library (egs++) to write and read IAEA phase-space files as a particle source, and to assess the relative efficiency gain in dose calculation using an IAEA phase-space source for modelling a miniature low energy x-ray source. METHODS: We created a new ausgab object to score particles exiting a user-defined geometry and write them to an IAEA phase-space file. A new particle source was created to read from IAEA phase-space data...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048641/tu-fg-207b-01-report-on-development-of-a-database-of-nih-funding-of-medical-physicists
#13
B Whelan
: Up-to-date knowledge about federal funding opportunities related to medical physics research, as well as obtaining skills for writing effective grant proposals are critical for academic and entrepreneurial medical physicists. In this symposium, program directors from key federal research funding agencies, including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Science Foundation, will present information about current funding opportunities relevant to the field of medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#14
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048358/th-f-201-01-the-problem-is-this-a-trick-question
#15
C Bloch
: Multiple choice questions are a tool medical physicists encounter throughout their careers. They are a commonly used method of assessment during our early didactic training (graduate school, residency and board certification). They are used throughout our MOC process both in SAMs and online CE. And they are used for the MOC exam every 10 years. While we have significant training in answering these multiple choice questions, we rarely receive training in how to construct effective multiple choice questions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048344/we-e-204-01-astro-based-journals
#16
E Klein
: Research papers authored by Medical Physicists address a large spectrum of oncologic, imaging, or basic research problems; exploit a wide range of physical and engineering methodologies; and often describe the efforts of a multidisciplinary research team. Given dozens of competing journals accepting medical physics articles, it may not be clear to an individual author which journal is the best venue for disseminating their work to the scientific community. Relevant factors usually include the Journal's audience and scientific impact, but also such factors as perceived acceptance rate, interest in their topic, and quality of service...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#17
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048205/th-d-brb-02-eclipse-scripting-fundamentals-in-net
#18
R Cardan
: Scripting capabilities and application programming interfaces (APIs) are becoming commonly available in modern treatment planning systems. These links to the treatment planning system (TPS) allow users to read data from the TPS, and in some cases use TPS functionality and write data back to the TPS. Such tools are powerful extensions, allowing automation of routine clinical tasks and supporting research, particularly research involving repetitive tasks on large patient populations. The data and functionality exposed by scripting/API capabilities is vendor dependent, as are the languages used by script/API engines, such as the Microsoft ...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048177/th-d-brb-04-pinnacle-scripting-improving-efficiency-while-maintaining-safety
#19
J Moore
: Scripting capabilities and application programming interfaces (APIs) are becoming commonly available in modern treatment planning systems. These links to the treatment planning system (TPS) allow users to read data from the TPS, and in some cases use TPS functionality and write data back to the TPS. Such tools are powerful extensions, allowing automation of routine clinical tasks and supporting research, particularly research involving repetitive tasks on large patient populations. The data and functionality exposed by scripting/API capabilities is vendor dependent, as are the languages used by script/API engines, such as the Microsoft ...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048066/tu-d-201-02-medical-physics-practices-for-plan-and-chart-review-results-of-aapm-task-group-275-survey
#20
L Fong de Los Santos, L Dong, A Greener, J Johnson, P Johnson, G Kim, J Mechalakos, B Napolitano, S Parker, D Schofield, M Wells, E Yorke, E Ford
PURPOSE: AAPM Task Group (TG) 275 is charged with developing riskbased guidelines for plan and chart review clinical processes. As part of this work an AAPM-wide survey was conducted to gauge current practices. METHODS: The survey consisted of 103 multiple-choice questions covering the following review processes for external beam including protons: 1) Initial Plan Check, 2) On-Treatment and 3) End-of-Treatment Chart Check. The survey was designed and validated by TG members with the goal of providing an efficient and easy response process...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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