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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525428/a-qualitative-exploration-of-sexual-assault-patients-barriers-to-accessing-and-completing-hiv-prophylaxis
#1
Valentina Djelaj, Debra Patterson, Christina M Romero
Sexual assault patients may encounter barriers when accessing, accepting, and completing nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP), such as lacking insurance or an understanding of nPEP. However, less is known about how sexual assault forensic examiner (SAFE) programs' protocols, approaches to discussing nPEP, and community resources may influence nPEP completion. Utilizing a qualitative case study framework, we conducted semistructured interviews with 10 SAFEs from an urban SAFE program in which emergency department physicians write prescriptions for nPEP before sending patients to the SAFE program...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524707/asthma-specific-cognitions-self-focused-attention-and-fear-of-negative-evaluation-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-childhood-onset-asthma
#2
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Alayna P Tackett, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
The present study examined the impact of asthma-specific thought intrusion (TI) and thought suppression (TS) on two cognitive-affective variables (self-focused attention and fear of negative evaluation) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) diagnosed with childhood-onset asthma. Participants were 290 AYAs who completed assessment questionnaires and participated in a written exercise electronically. Asthma-TI and TS were reported by participants following participation in a writing assignment. Asthma-TI was associated with increased private, public, and social anxiety self-focused attention, and greater fear of negative evaluation...
May 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#3
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521768/development-of-a-written-assessment-for-a-national-interprofessional-cardiotocography-education-program
#4
Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Jette Led Sorensen
BACKGROUND: To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the program. The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the test development process and to introduce a feasible method for written test development in general. METHODS: The test development was based on the unitary approach to validity. The process involved national consensus on learning objectives, standardized item writing, pilot testing, sensitivity analyses, standard setting and evaluation of psychometric properties using Item Response Theory models...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515502/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-pregabalin-induced-stuttering-nitroglycerine-induced-bradycardia-progressing-to-asystole-minocycline-induced-dress-leading-to-liver-transplantation-and-type-1-diabetes-increased-risk-of-vertebral-fractures-in-women-receiving-thiazide
#5
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508740/caep-2016-academic-symposium-a-writer-s-guide-to-key-steps-in-producing-quality-medical-education-scholarship
#6
Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Daniel K Ting, Carly Hagel, Kristen Weersink, Paola Camorlinga, Jill McEwen, Farhan Bhanji, Jonathan Sherbino
A key skill for successful clinician educators is the effective dissemination of scholarly innovations and research. Although there are many ways to disseminate scholarship, the most accepted and rewarded form of educational scholarship is publication in peer-reviewed journals. This paper provides direction for emergency medicine (EM) educators interested in publishing their scholarship via traditional peer-reviewed avenues. It builds upon four literature reviews that aggregated recommendations for writing and publishing high-quality quantitative and qualitative research, innovations, and reviews...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507368/the-confounding-factors-leading-to-plagiarism-in-academic-writing-and-some-suggested-remedies-a-systematic-review
#7
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Shaista Salman Guraya
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506399/encouraging-pharmacist-intervention-and-standardization-of-labeling-and-dispensing-of-oral-liquid-medications
#8
Lauren A Endriukaitis, Leslie A Briars, Adam J Bursua
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists and key-pharmacy stakeholders in the standardization of oral-liquid dosage forms. DATA SOURCES: Not applicable. SUMMARY: Unintentional overdose of medication due to administration error results in thousands of pediatric hospitalizations yearly. A lack of prescription and dosage device standardization pertaining to oral-liquid medications continue to be a public health hazard...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503636/the-various-roles-of-oncology-nurse-specialists-an-international-perspective
#9
EDITORIAL
Ilana Kadmon
Ilana Kadmon, PhD, RN was for many years a nurse specialist in Breast Cancer at Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. From 2016, she started the role of a nurse academic consultant at the nursing division at Hadassah. Her PhD is from The University of Edinburgh, UK. Her research involved psychosocial aspects of breast cancer, and the role of the breast care nurse (BCN). She was a pioneer in developing the post of the BCN in Israel. This position was initially developed by her at Hadassah and initiated by the Israel Cancer Association...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485202/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-hyperkalemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-heart-failure
#10
Michael Polson, Todd C Lord, Anne Kangethe, Lindsay Speicher, Carolyn Farnum, Melanie Brenner, Nina Oestreicher, Paula Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia (HK) is a concern for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF), and for those receiving treatments that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAASi). An analysis of 1.7 million medical records of patients in the United States revealed that among individuals with more than 2 potassium values during 2007 to 2012, HK was detected in 34.6% of patients with CKD and 30.0% of patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of HK and use of RAASi therapies at optimal and suboptimal doses in patients with CKD and/or HF with health care resource utilization and overall cost of care in a diverse cohort of commercially insured patients...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484918/simplified-readability-metric-drives-improvement-of-radiology-reports-an-experiment-on-ultrasound-reports-at-a-pediatric-hospital
#11
Wei Chen, Claire Durkin, Yungui Huang, Brent Adler, Steve Rust, Simon Lin
Highly complex medical documents, including ultrasound reports, are greatly mismatched with patient literacy levels. While improving radiology reports for readability is a longstanding concern, few articles objectively measure the effectiveness of physician training for readability improvement. We hypothesized that writing styles may be evaluated using an objective two-dimensional measure and writing training could improve the writing styles of radiologists. To test it, a simplified "grade vs. length" readability metric is developed based on results from factor analysis of ten readability metrics applied to more than 500,000 radiology reports...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481592/luciano-l-abate-1928-2016
#12
Robert Henley Woody
This article memorializes Luciano L'Abate (1928 -2016). In 1964, L'Abate became an assistant professor of medical psychology at the Washington University School of Medicine and, in 1965, an associate professor of pediatrics in the Emory University School of Medicine. He then transitioned to the Georgia State University (GSU), where he was promoted to professor of psychology. From 1965 to 1990, he served as director of the Family Psychology Program and Family Study Center at GSU. In retirement, L'Abate increased his writing and lecturing...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480473/the-imia-history-working-group-inception-through-the-imia-history-taskforce-and-major-events-leading-up-to-the-50th-anniversary-of-imia
#13
C A Kulikowski, G Mihalas, R A Greenes, V Yacubsohn, H-A Park
BACKGROUND: The 50th Anniversary of IMIA will be celebrated in 2017 at the World Congress of Medical Informatics in China. This takes place 50 years after the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) Societies approved the formation of a new Technical Committee (TC) 4 on Medical Information Processing, which was the predecessor of IMIA, under the leadership of Dr. Francois Grémy. The IMIA History Working Group (WG) was approved in 2014 to document and write about the history of the field and its organizations...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476113/simple-technique-of-subxiphoid-hernia-correction-carries-a-low-rate-of-early-recurrence-a-retrospective-study
#14
Gustavo Heluani Antunes de Mesquita, Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, Fabio Yuji Suguita, Felipe Futema Essu, Lucas Torres Oliveira, Matheus Belloni Torsani, Alberto Meyer, Wellington Andraus
BACKGROUND: Subxiphoid incisional hernia occurs as a complication following median sternotomy and are difficult to repair. We present recent data of a standardized technique for correction of subxiphoid incisional hernias, and discuss possible anatomical and surgical factors related to recurrence of the hernia. METHODS: A retrospective study with medical records analysis of patients submitted to surgical correction of subxiphoid incisional hernias through standardized treatment between July 2014 and September 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474423/development-and-validation-of-a-chinese-medication-literacy-measure
#15
Ying-Chih Yeh, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Yen-Ming Huang, Yu-Chieh Chen, Chun-Yu Wang, Jen-Wei Liu, Yu Ko
BACKGROUND: Despite the impact of medication literacy (ML) on patients' safe use of medications, existing instruments are mostly for general health literacy measurement or designed for specific disease populations, with few specifically designed for ML. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the first Chinese medication literacy measure (ChMLM). METHODS: The ChMLM was developed by a multidisciplinary and bilingual expert panel and subsequently pilot-tested...
May 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468614/a-qualitative-thematic-content-analysis-of-medical-students-essays-on-professionalism
#16
So-Youn Park, Changwoo Shon, Oh Young Kwon, Tai Young Yoon, Ivo Kwon
BACKGROUND: Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of "In-Sul" (benevolent art) and the modern history of South Korea have led to cultural differences between South Korea and other countries in conceptualizing medical professionalism; thus, we studied medical students' perceptions of professionalism as described in essays written on this topic. METHODS: In 2014, we asked 109 first-year medical students who were enrolled in a compulsory ethics course to anonymously write a description of an instance of medical professionalism that they had witnessed, as well as reflecting on their own professional context...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468160/facial-plastic-surgery-patient-resources-exceed-national-institute-recommendations
#17
Michael W Chu, Julia A Cook, Sunil S Tholpady, Cecelia E Schmalbach, Arash Momeni
Patient education is essential in enhancing the physician-patient therapeutic alliance, patient satisfaction, and clinical outcomes. The American Medical Association and National Institute of Health recommend that information be written at a 6th-grade reading level, but online resources often exceed patient literacy. The purpose of this study is to assess readability of online material for facial plastics procedures presented on academic plastic surgery and otolaryngology websites.An Internet search was performed of all academic institutions that had both plastic surgery and otolaryngology training programs who offered patient information on facial plastic surgery procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459024/perceptions-about-training-during-endocrinology-residency-programs-in-india-over-the-years-a-cross-sectional-study-peer-india-study
#18
Deepak Khandelwal, Deep Dutta, Rajiv Singla, Vineet Surana, Sameer Aggarwal, Yashdeep Gupta, Sanjay Kalra, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon
BACKGROUND: Residents' perception on quality of endocrinology training in India is not known. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions about endocrinology residency programs in India among current trainees as compared to practicing endocrinologists. METHODS: Trainees attending a preconference workshop at the annual conference of Endocrine Society of India (ESI) were given a questionnaire designed to evaluate their perceptions on their training. These evaluated the reasons for choosing endocrinology, their experiences during residency, and career plans...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453498/scale-anchoring-with-the-rasch-model
#19
Adam E Wyse
Scale anchoring is a method to provide additional meaning to particular scores at different points along a score scale by identifying representative items associated with the particular scores. These items are then analyzed to write statements of what types of performance can be expected of a person with the particular scores to help test takers and other stakeholders better understand what it means to achieve the different scores. This article provides simple formulas that can be used to identify possible items to serve as scale anchors with the Rasch model...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453418/creative-curriculum-the-experience-of-writing-and-teaching-formative-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-fosces
#20
Tom P Harrod, Alexandra W Gomes
The launch of the revised medical school curriculum in fall 2014 provided new opportunities for librarians to collaborate with clinical faculty. As a result of past informatics instruction embedded in the first-year curriculum, librarians were invited to expand this content as part of a new Formative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (FOSCE) initiative. This article describes the stages of this project from writing and teaching the FOSCE informatics cases to improvements which were made after the first year...
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
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