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Bruna Gabriela Dos Santos Kotake, Miliane Gonçalves Gonzaga, Joaquim Coutinho-Netto, Edilson Ervolino, Fellipe Augusto Tocchini de Figueiredo, Joao Paulo Mardegan Issa
Bone grafts are used in the medical-surgical field for anatomical and functional reconstruction of lost bone areas, aiding the bone repair process by osteogenesis, osteinduction and osteoconduction. New materials such as F1 protein extracted from rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis, have been investigated and currently present important properties for tissue repair, and are associated with neoangiogenesis, promoting cell adhesion and extracellular matrix formation. This study was to investigate the association of different grafts with F1 protein...
October 20, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Hua Li, Jia-Jia Liu, Mei Deng, Li Guo, Ying Cheng, Yuan-Zong Song
Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is an autosomal dominant disease affecting multiple systems including the liver, heart, skeleton, eyes, kidneys and face. This paper reports the clinical and genetic features of an infant with this disease. A 3-month-and-10-day-old female infant was referred to the hospital with jaundiced skin and sclera for 3 months. Physical examination revealed wide forehead and micromandible. A systolic murmur of grade 3-4/6 was heard between the 2th and 3th intercostal spaces on the left side of the sternum...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Vaishali Pawar, Vivek Borse, Riya Thakkar, Rohit Srivastava
In situ gel formulations have been widely reported as a carrier for sustained release delivery systems due to certain advantages such as targeted drug delivery, minimal invasiveness and potent therapeutic activity. Herein, in situ gel system for sustained release of doxorubicin and ibuprofen for anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activity is reported. Doxorubicin-conjugated alginate (dox-alg) gel was prepared using EDC-NHS chemistry and loaded with ibuprofen encapsulated polycaprolactone (PCL) microparticles (dox-alg composite)...
October 13, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
Efrat Korin, Tzlil Bejerano, Smadar Cohen
RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to reversibly silence any gene with high efficiency and specificity. To fulfill the clinical potential of RNAi, delivery vehicles are required to transport the short interfering RNA (siRNA) to the site of action in the cells of target tissues. Here, we describe the features of novel liver-targeted siRNA nanoparticles (NPs), co-assembled due to the complexation of alginate sulfate (AlgS) with siRNA, mediated by calcium ions bridges (AlgS-Ca(2+)-siRNA NPs) and then bioconjugation of a targeting ligand onto the AlgS upon the NP surface...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Ovidio Catanzano, Vittoria D'Esposito, Pietro Formisano, Joshua S Boateng, Fabiana Quaglia
The management of wounds in patients on anticoagulant therapy who require oral surgical procedures is problematic and often results in a non-satisfactory healing process. Here we report a method to prepare an advanced dressing able to avoid uncontrolled bleeding by occluding the post-extractive alveolar wounds, and simultaneously, capable of a fast release of tranexamic acid (TA). Composite alginate/hyaluronan (ALG/HA) sponge dressings loaded with TA were prepared by a straightforward internal gelation method followed by a freeze-drying step...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Danhua Zhang, Keith P Gates, Lindsey Barske, Guangliang Wang, Joseph J Lancman, Xin-Xin I Zeng, Megan Groff, Kasper Wang, Michael J Parsons, J Gage Crump, P Duc Si Dong
Liver duct paucity is characteristic of children born with Alagille Syndrome (ALGS), a disease associated with JAGGED1 mutations. Here, we report that zebrafish embryos with compound homozygous mutations in two Notch ligand genes, jagged1b (jag1b) and jagged2b (jag2b) exhibit a complete loss of canonical Notch activity and duct cells within the liver and exocrine pancreas, whereas hepatocyte and acinar pancreas development is not affected. Further, animal chimera studies demonstrate that wild-type endoderm cells within the liver and pancreas can rescue Notch activity and duct lineage specification in adjacent cells lacking jag1b and jag2b expression...
October 3, 2017: Nature Communications
Isabel C Hostettler, Varinder S Alg, Nichole Shahi, Fatima Jichi, Stephen Bonner, Daniel Walsh, Diederik Bulters, Neil Kitchen, Martin M Brown, Henry Houlden, Joan Grieve, David J Werring
BACKGROUND: Only a minority of intracranial aneurysms rupture to cause subarachnoid hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that unruptured aneurysms have different characteristics and risk factor profiles compared to ruptured aneurysms. METHODS: We recruited patients with unruptured aneurysms or aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages at 22 UK hospitals between 2011 and 2014. Demographic, clinical, and imaging data were collected using standardized case report forms...
July 25, 2017: Neurosurgery
Rafael F N Quadrado, André R Fajardo
The efficiency of Fenton and Fenton-like processes can be seriously affected by the continuous loss of iron ions and by the formation of solid sludge. Here, alginate (Alg) films were synthesized to stabilize iron ions (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) and to enhance their catalytic activities towards the decolorization of methyl orange via heterogeneous Fenton and Fenton-like processes. Iron ions were ionically bond to the Alg molecules resulting in a three-dimensional network with specific structural and morphological features according to the valence states of iron...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Seyed Mohammad Hossein Dabiri, Alberto Lagazzo, Fabrizio Barberis, Amirreza Shayganpour, Elisabetta Finocchio, Laura Pastorino
A Series of in-situ alginate-brushite (Alg-Bru) hydrogel composites were fabricated to optimize release profile of ibuprofen (Ibu) and to avoid burst releases associated with the pure form of the hydrogels. The Bru crystals were synthetized and dispersed during the crosslinking process of Alg matrix. The beads with different formulations were subject to various characterization tests such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and swelling...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Gina S El-Feky, Sally T El-Banna, G S El-Bahy, E M Abdelrazek, Mustafa Kamal
Burn wounds environment favors the growth of micro-organisms causing delay in wound healing. The traditional treatment with antimicrobial creams offer inaccurate doses. The aim of the present study is to formulate and evaluate different silver sulfadiazine loaded nanogel formulations. A factorial design experiment was used for the identification of critical process parameters and for the optimization of the respective process conditions. The prepared drug loaded nanogels were characterized for their particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and swelling index in order to demonstrate their physicochemical properties, in addition, FTIR, TEM, SEM and in vitro release were used for characterization...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Dipankar Das, Shengmin Zhang, Insup Noh
A biocompatible hybrid film has been fabricated using alginate (Alg), α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) micro-particle and calcium chloride through ionic crosslinking as biomaterial. "Screeding method" (like concrete finishing process) has been employed to develop the Alg- α-TCP film. For this method, Alg/α-TCP blend has been prepared using an ultra-sonicator and then put on a glass slide. After that, the excess volume of blend has been cut off by skidding another slide along with the surface of the blend to achieve proper grade and flatness...
September 28, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Abdulaziz Almalik, Ibrahim Alradwan, Mohd Abul Kalam, Aws Alshamsan
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different cryoprotectants and their concentration on the physicochemical characteristics of chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs). The effect of coating of CS-NPs with hyaluronic acid (HA) and alginic acid (ALG) before and after lyophilization was also evaluated. The ionic gelation method was used for the preparation of NPs and six different types of cryoprotectants (sucrose, glucose, trehalose, mannitol, polyethylene glycol-2000, and polyethylene glycol-10,000) were investigated at 5%, 10%, 20%, and 50% concentration levels...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Liya George, M C Bavya, K Vimal Rohan, R Srivastava
Staphylococcus aureus infections affecting the skin and soft tissues are of significant health concern and an unmet need to be addressed. The lack of drug penetration into the infectious site is the main clinical challenge. Once the pathogen invades the wounded skin, it attenuates biological response pathways, leading to chronic infection. Wound infections are associated with alkaline pH due to the presence of bacteria, whereas creation of an acidic environment around the wound bed promotes faster healing. Herein, we develop injectable drug loaded nanoparticulate system of vancomycin encapsulated polycaprolactone nanoparticles coated with polyelectrolyte-Vitamin C in polyvinyl alcohol-alginate gel (D-PCL-PVc-PVA(Alg)...
September 14, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Tiantian Wu, Jiaqi Huang, Yangyang Jiang, Yaqin Hu, Xingqian Ye, Donghong Liu, Jianchu Chen
Novel hydrogels based on chitosan/sodium alginate (CS-ALG) were prepared to deliver and protect lysozyme while eliminating food-borne microorganisms. These hydrogels were characterized according to the zeta potential, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The results demonstrated that the resultant hydrogels were negatively charged and spherical in shape. In addition, the maximum swelling ratio was 45...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
T S Anirudhan, Anoop S Nair, Gopika Ss
Due to changing lifestyles of modern world, cardiac failures are increasing day by day. Drug delivery systems that can overcome the drawbacks of conventional drug administration are highly desired. Diltiazem hydrochloride (DTZ) is a common and effective drug used for cardiac failures. However, its efficient loading, high bio availability and sustained transdermal release from polymer matrix are of high demand. Herein, the main objective was to fabricate a transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) capable of efficient DTZ loading with sustained release...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kai Chen, Gaobo Yu, Furui He, Qingfeng Zhou, Dunchao Xiao, Jiacheng Li, Yuhong Feng
Alginate (Alg) was grafted on the surface of anisotropic silica (SiO2-x) via the Ugi reaction (Alg-SiO2-1, Alg-SiO2-2, and Alg-SiO2-4). Compared with pristine SiO2-x, modified SiO2-x is more sensitive to pH. Three stable liquid paraffin-in-water emulsions were prepared with Alg-SiO2-1, Alg-SiO2-2, and Alg-SiO2-4. Alg-SiO2-2 exhibited satisfactory emulsification ability. The emulsions became more stable as emulsion pH varied from 2.0 to 6.2 because of polymer chain interactions that led to the formation of a three-dimensional network...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ahmed M Elbarbary, Hassan A Abd El-Rehim, Naeem M El-Sawy, El-Sayed A Hegazy, El-Sayed A Soliman
Superabsorbent hydrogels based on polyacrylamide (PAAm) and Na-alginate (Alg) or chitosan (CS) were synthesized by γ-rays. The effect of dose and copolymer composition on gel content and water absorbency of PAAm/Alg, PAAm/CS and PAAm/Alg/CS hydrogels were studied. The gel content and water absorbency follows the order PAAm/Alg>PAAm/Alg/CS>PAAm/CS. The effect of different cations, fertilizers, buffers on water absorbency of the hydrogels was investigated. Water retention capability of swollen hydrogels as a function of time was studied...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Guo-Dong Wang, Yu-Zhen Tan, Hai-Jie Wang, Pei Zhou
Polyethyleneimine (PEI)-alginate (Alg) nanoparticle (NP) is a safe and effective vector for delivery of siRNA or DNA. Recent studies suggest that autophagy is related to cytotoxicity of PEI NPs. However, contribution of autophagy to degradation of PEI-Alg NPs remains unknown. CD34(+)VEGFR-3(+) endothelial progenitor cells isolated from rat bone marrow were treated with 25 kDa branched PEI modified by Alg. After treatment with the NPs, morphological changes and distribution of the NPs in the cells were examined with scanning and transmission electron microscopies...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Rosanna Salvia, Gerarda Grossi, Angela Amoresano, Carmen Scieuzo, Marisa Nardiello, Chiara Giangrande, Ilaria Laurenzana, Vitalba Ruggieri, Sabino A Bufo, S Bradleigh Vinson, Monica Carmosino, David Neunemann, Heiko Vogel, Pietro Pucci, Patrizia Falabella
Toxoneuron nigriceps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) is an endophagous parasitoid of the larval stages of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). The bracovirus associated with this wasp (TnBV) is currently being studied. Several genes expressed in parasitised host larvae have been isolated and their possible roles partly elucidated. TnBVank1 encodes an ankyrin motif protein similar to insect and mammalian IκB, an inhibitor of the transcription nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Here we show that, when TnBVank1 was stably expressed in polyclonal Drosophila S2 cells, apoptosis is induced...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
F Ungaro, O Catanzano, I d'Angelo, L Diaz-Gomez, A Concheiro, A Miro, C Alvarez-Lorenzo, F Quaglia
In the present work, we propose silk fibroin/alginate (SF/Alg) beads embedding simvastatin-loaded biodegradable microparticles as a versatile platform capable of tuning SVA release and in so doing osteogenic effects. In a first part of the study, microparticles of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid incorporating simvastatin either as lactone (SVL) or as hydroxyacid form (SVA) were prepared by spray-drying. While SVA-loaded microparticles released the drug in three days, long-term release of SVA could be obtained from SVL-loaded microparticles...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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