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Dragica Spasojević, Danica Zmejkoski, Jasmina Glamočlija, Miloš Nikolić, Marina Soković, Verica Milošević, Ivana Jarić, Marijana Stojanović, Emilija Marinković, Talin Barisani-Asenbauer, Radivoje Prodanović, Miloš Jovanović, Ksenija Radotić
Nowadays bacterial resistance to known antibiotics is a serious health problem. In order to achieve more efficient treatment, lately there is an effort to find new substances, such as certain biomaterials, that are non-toxic to humans with antibiotic potential. Lignins and lignin-derived compounds have been proposed to be good candidates for use in medicine and health maintenance. In this study, the antibacterial activity of the lignin model polymer dehydrogenate polymer (DHP) in alginate hydrogel (Alg) was studied...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Yurun Shen, Mengying Hu, Liyan Qiu
AIM: In this study, we constructed a novel vector (BioPf-M-loaded Alg-microparticles [Alg-BioPf-M]) with nano-in-micro structure to improve the oral absorption of docetaxel (DTX) by sequentially dual-targeting functions toward intestine and sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter based on entrapping biotin-modified micelles into alginate microparticles. METHODS: A series of characteristics of this system was investigated, such as drug release, cellular uptake, transport pathway and the comprehensive in vivo studies including pharmacokinetic studies, anti-tumor activity and toxicity study...
October 12, 2016: Nanomedicine
Benliang Liang, Hewei Zhao, Qi Zhang, Yuzun Fan, Yonghai Yue, Penggang Yin, Lin Guo
Inspired by nacre, this is the first time that using the cross-linking of alginate with Ca ions to fabricate organic-inorganic nacre-inspired films we have successfully prepared a new class of Ca(2+) ion enhanced montmorillonite (MMT)-alginate (ALG) composites, realizing an optimum combination of high strength (∼280 MPa) and high toughness (∼7.2 MJ m(-3)) compared with other MMT based artificial nacre. Furthermore, high temperature performance of the composites (with a maximum strength of ∼170 MPa at 100 °C) along with excellent transmittance, fire retardancy, and unique shape memory response to alcohols could greatly expand the application of the mutilfunctional composites, which are believed to show competitive advantages in transportion, construction, and insulations, protection of a flammable biological material, etc...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chao Feng, Jing Li, Yuzhi Mu, Ming Kong, Yang Li, Mazhar Ali Raja, Xiao Jie Cheng, Ya Liu, Xi Guang Chen
The primary constraints for efficient oral delivery of anticancer drugs include the efflux pump function of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) for anticancer drugs and the barriers to drug absorption in gastrointestinal (GI) tract. To improve bypassing P-gp drug efflux pumps and oral bioavailability of doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), Multilayer micro-dispersing system (MMS) was constructed by co-immobilization of DOX loaded chitosan/carboxymethyl chitosan nanogels (DOX:CS/CMCS-NGs), along with quercetin (Qu) in the core of multilayer sodium alginate beads (DOX:NGs/Qu-M-ALG-Beads)...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Huizhen Zheng, Meng Gao, Ying Ren, Ruyun Lou, Hongguo Xie, Weiting Yu, Xiudong Liu, Xiaojun Ma
A pH-responsive carrier based on an ethylenediaminetetraacetic-calcium-alginate (EDTA-Ca-Alg) system was developed by controlling the release of Ca(2+). The system remained in the solution state at neutral pH since EDTA completely chelated the Ca(2+). In contrast, a hydrogel immediately formed when the pH was below 4.0, which triggered the in situ release of Ca(2+) from the EDTA-Ca compound and led to alginate-Ca binding. Taking advantage of the pH sensitivity, we prepared hydrogel microspheres with uniform size to entrap Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 53103 through emulsification...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Alg Lobão, C M Ferruzzi, F Ohara, R F Lima, Hsa Abdalla-Ribeiro, F S Kuteken, J M Aldrighi, Paag Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ahmed A Markeb, Nagwa A El-Maali, Douaa M Sayed, Amany Osama, Mohamed A Y Abdel-Malek, Amen H Zaki, Mostafa E A Elwanis, James J Driscoll
Purpose. The antitumor activity of a novel alginate (ALG) polymer-based particle that contained paclitaxel (PTX) was evaluated using human primary breast cancer cells. Materials and Methods. PTX was combined with ALG in a nanoparticle as a drug delivery system designed to improve breast cancer tumor cell killing. PTX-ALG nanoparticles were first synthesized by nanoemulsification polymer cross-linking methods that improved the aqueous solubility. Structural and biophysical properties of the PTX-ALG nanoparticles were then determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fluorescence...
2016: International Journal of Breast Cancer
Sahar Abbasi, Gholamhossein Yousefi, Ali Asghar Ansari, Soliman Mohammadi-Samani
Hypertension crisis is one of the main health problems and its effective treatment is of high importance. For this purpose, fast-disintegrating and sustained release formulations of captopril, as a drug of choice, were prepared using conventional mucoadhesive polymers hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC), hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), Carbopol 934 (CP934) and sodium alginate (Na-alg). The optimum sustained release formulations were selected based on mean dissolution time (MDT)...
July 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Chris Wang, Pratyush Gupta, Lucile Fressigne, Gabriel D Bossé, Xin Wang, Martin J Simard, Dave Hansen
MiRNAs post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by recruiting the miRNA-induced silencing complex (miRISC) to target mRNAs. However, the mechanisms by which miRISC components are maintained at appropriate levels for proper function are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that Caenorhabditis elegans TEG-1 regulates the stability of two miRISC effectors, VIG-1 and ALG-1, which in turn affects the abundance of miRNAs in various families. We demonstrate that TEG-1 physically interacts with VIG-1, and complexes with mature let-7 miRNA...
September 19, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
I R Brito, G M Silva, A D Sales, C H Lobo, G Q Rodrigues, R F Sousa, Aaa Moura, Cem Calderón, M Bertolini, C C Campello, J Smitz, J R Figueiredo
This study aimed to establish a culture system that improves the in vitro development of caprine preantral follicles. In a first experiment, follicles were encapsulated as a single unit per bead and cultured singly or in groups or with five follicles in the same alginate (ALG) bead for 18 days. In a subsequent experiment, the "five follicles per bead" design was chosen to culture in ALG, fibrin-alginate (FA) or hyaluronate (HA) for 18 days. In a third experiment, we chose the five follicles per bead in FA to culture for 30 days...
September 21, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Pradnya Meshram, Rachna Dave, Hiren Joshi, Gopal Dharani, Ramalingam Kirubagaran, Vayalam P Venugopalan
Polysaccharide fouling poses a significant challenge in the widespread application of membrane filtration for water purification. In order to mitigate the problem, a polysaccharide-degrading enzyme alginate lyase (Alg L; EC was successfully immobilized on cellulose acetate ultrafiltration membrane using a dead-end filtration unit. Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared microscopy confirmed covalent linkage of the Alg L to the membrane. HPLC and Alg L activity studies confirmed that Alg L in immobilized form was enzymatically active...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Jiaqi Chu, Shaodong Zeng, Liyang Gao, Thomas Groth, Zhiwen Li, Junchao Kong, Mingyan Zhao, Lihua Li
PURPOSE: Polymer porous scaffolds and hydrogels have been separately employed and explored for a wide range of applications including cell encapsulation, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. METHODS: In this study, a three-dimensional poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) scaffold with interconnected and homogeneously distributed pores was fabricated to support the alginate hydrogel (Alg). The gels were filled into the porous scaffold, which acted as an analogue of native extracellular matrix (ECM) for entrapment of cells within a support of predefined shape...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Mohsen Tafaghodi, Maryam Eskandari, Ali Khamesipour, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari
Leishmania antigens are weak immunogens and need to be potentiated by various adjuvants and delivery systems. Alginate microspheres as antigen delivery system and Quillaja saponins (QS) as immunoadjuvant have been used to enhance the immune response against Autoclaved Leishmania major (ALM). Microspheres were prepared by an emulsification technique and characterized for size, encapsulation efficiency and release profile of encapsulates. BALB/c mice were immunized three times in 3-weeks intervals using ALM plus QS loaded microspheres [(ALM+QS)ALG], ALM encapsulated with alginate microspheres [(ALM)ALG], (ALM)ALG + QS, ALM + QS, ALM alone or PBS...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Sadanand Pandey, James Ramontja
Due to the problem of resistance of many infectious agents to the usual treatments, this study addresses the ways of obtaining and using new sodium alginate stabilized-silver/mesoporous silica (Na-Alg-s-AgNPs@SiO2) nanohybrid as antimicrobial agents. Capping AgNPs with a shell of mesoporous SiO2 is a system to build the increase biocompatibility of AgNPs. In this work, we report a simple and green way to deal with setting up a uniform sodium alginate-stabilized silver nanoparticles embedded mesoporous silica (Na-Alg-s-AgNPs@SiO2 nanohybrid)...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Qing-Xi Wu, Xin Xu, Qiu Xie, Wang-Yu Tong, Yan Chen
In this study, the cells-free and cells-loaded chitosan hydrochloride-alginate (CHC-Alg) microcapsules were firstly fabricated with polyelectrolyte complexes via an orifice-polymerization method. Scanning electron microscope images showed that the CHC-Alg microcapsules had a typical shell-core structure and the model probiotic cells (Bacillus licheniformis) were embedded in the core in cells-loaded microcapsules. The microcapsules prepared had good thermal stability and moisture property (3.89%). Cells survival and release studies showed that the number of probiotic cells released from the cells-loaded microcapsules (approx...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Marwan Ali, Dhara Shah, Zeeshan Pasha, Sarmad H Jassim, Assraa Jassim Jaboori, Pete Setabutr, Vinay K Aakalu
PURPOSE: The accessory lacrimal glands (ALGs) are an understudied component of the tear functional unit, even though they are important in the development of dry eye syndrome (DES). To advance our understanding of aging changes, regenerative potential, and histologic correlates to human characteristics, we investigated human ALG tissue from surgical samples to determine the presence or absence of progenitor cell markers and lacrimal epithelial markers and to correlate marker expression to relevant patient characteristics...
September 9, 2016: Current Eye Research
Shailesh Shah, Bhavin Marolia, Pintu Prajapati, Kunjan Bharatkumar Bodiwala, Jeenal Thakor
A rapid, sensitive, and stability-indicating high-performance thin-layer chromatographic method was developed and validated to study degradation kinetics of Alogliptin benzoate (ALG) in an alkaline medium. ALG was degraded under acidic, alkaline, oxidative, and thermal stress conditions. The degraded samples were chromatographed on silica gel 60F254-TLC plates, developed using a quaternary-solvent system (chloroform-methanol-ethyl acetate-triethyl amine, 9+1+1+0.5, v/v/v/v), and scanned at 278 nm. The developed method was validated per International Conference on Harmonization guidelines using validation parameters such as specificity, linearity and range, precision, accuracy, LOD, and LOQ...
September 7, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Susan Maleki, Mali Mærk, Radka Hrudikova, Svein Valla, Helga Ertesvåg
Alginate denotes a family of linear polysaccharides with a wide range of industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Presently, all commercially available alginates are manufactured from brown algae. However, bacterial alginates have advantages with regard to compositional homogeneity and reproducibility. In order to be able to design bacterial strains that are better suited for industrial alginate production, defining limiting factors for alginate biosynthesis is of vital importance. Our group has been studying alginate biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens using several complementary approaches...
September 1, 2016: New Biotechnology
Abeer Ahmed Kassem, Doaa Ahmed Elsayed Issa, Gehan Sherif Kotry, Ragwa Mohamed Farid
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease broadly defines group of conditions in which the supportive structure of the tooth (periodontium) is destroyed. Recent studies suggested that the anti-diabetic drug metformin hydrochloride (MF) has an osteogenic effect and is beneficial for the management of periodontitis. OBJECTIVE: Development of strong mucoadhesive multiple layer film loading small dose of MF for intra-pocket application. METHODOLOGY: Multiple layer film was developed by double casting followed by compression method...
September 2, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Masatoshi Maki, Terunao Takahara, Hideki Shibata
ALG-2 (gene name: PDCD6) is a penta-EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein and interacts with a variety of proteins in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. ALG-2 recognizes different types of identified motifs in Pro-rich regions by using different hydrophobic pockets, but other unknown modes of binding are also used for non-Pro-rich proteins. Most ALG-2-interacting proteins associate directly or indirectly with the plasma membrane or organelle membranes involving the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) system, coat protein complex II (COPII)-dependent ER-to-Golgi vesicular transport, and signal transduction from membrane receptors to downstream players...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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