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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274251/knowledge-and-factors-associated-with-pain-management-for-hospitalized-children-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-in-mekelle-city-north-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#1
Remla Miftah, Weyzer Tilahun, Atsde Fantahun, Seid Adulkadir, Kahsu Gebrekirstos
BACKGROUND: American Nurses Association reflects, the role of the nurse in pain management encompasses the entire nursing process, assessment of pain, plans pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management strategies, implements the plan, and evaluates the response of the patient to the interventions. Pediatric pain management has been left largely unaddressed due to factors like limited resources, inadequate training, as well as cultural diversity and language barriers which made sick and injured children not to receive basic pain care...
March 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217045/a-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-and-tramadol-on-post-spinal-anesthesia-shivering
#2
Tanveer Singh Kundra, Gaurav Kuthiala, Anupam Shrivastava, Parminder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Shivering is a common postanesthesia adverse event with multiple etiologies. At present tramadol is a widely used drug for the control of shivering. However, tramadol may cause a lot of nausea and vomiting. Hence, the need to find a better drug with less of side effects. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine and tramadol in the treatment of post-spinal anesthesia (SA) shivering as well as to compare their side-effect profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary care hospital...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159575/changing-target-temperature-from-33%C3%A2-c-to-36%C3%A2-c-in-the-icu-management-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-before-and-after-study
#3
Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Jason E Bloom, Louise Segan, Biswadev Mitra, Karen Smith, Judith Finn, Stephen Bernard
INTRODUCTION: In December 2013, our institution changed the target temperature management (TTM) for the first 24h in ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (VF-OHCA) patients from 33°C to 36°C. This study aimed to examine the impact this change had on measured temperatures and patient outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive VF-OHCA patients admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Melbourne (Australia) between January 2013 and August 2015...
April 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099439/single-versus-serial-measurements-of-neuron-specific-enolase-and-prediction-of-poor-neurological-outcome-in-persistently-unconscious-patients-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-ttm-trial-substudy
#4
Sebastian Wiberg, Christian Hassager, Pascal Stammet, Matilde Winther-Jensen, Jakob Hartvig Thomsen, David Erlinge, Michael Wanscher, Niklas Nielsen, Tommaso Pellis, Anders Åneman, Hans Friberg, Jan Hovdenes, Janneke Horn, Jørn Wetterslev, John Bro-Jeppesen, Matthew P Wise, Michael Kuiper, Tobias Cronberg, Yvan Gasche, Yvan Devaux, Jesper Kjaergaard
BACKGROUND: Prediction of neurological outcome is a crucial part of post cardiac arrest care and prediction in patients remaining unconscious and/or sedated after rewarming from targeted temperature management (TTM) remains difficult. Current guidelines suggest the use of serial measurements of the biomarker neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in combination with other predictors of outcome in patients admitted after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This study sought to investigate the ability of NSE to predict poor outcome in patients remaining unconscious at day three after OHCA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074585/a-good-death
#5
Tia Powell, Adira Hulkower
A good death is hard to find. Family members tell us that loved ones die in the wrong place-the hospital-and do not receive high-quality care at the end of life. This issue of the Hastings Center Report offers two articles from authors who strive to provide good end-of-life care and to prevent needless suffering. We agree with their goals, but we have substantial reservations about the approaches they recommend. Respect for the decisions of patients and their surrogates is a relatively new and still vulnerable aspect of medical care...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057371/3-meo-pcp-intoxication-in-two-young-men-first-in-vivo-detection-in-italy
#6
Elisabetta Bertol, Jennifer Pascali, Diego Palumbo, Valeria Catalani, Maria Grazia Di Milia, Alessia Fioravanti, Francesco Mari, Fabio Vaiano
3-MeO-PCP or 3-methoxyphencyclidine is a derivative of phencyclidine. It acts as a dissociative anesthetic and it has allegedly hallucinogenic and sedative effects. There are almost no documented intoxication cases and references about its pharmacology and toxicity in literature. This study presents two concomitant intoxication cases due to consumption of 3-MeO-PCP and alcohol. A 19 (A) and a 21 years old (B) men were brought to Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in a comatose state (Glasgow score 3). They showed respiratory acidosis, right anisocoria with mydriatic pupils and hypothermia...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045326/non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischaemia-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors
#7
Raphael Wurm, Anna Cho, Henrike Arfsten, Raphael van Tulder, Christian Wallmüller, Philipp Steininger, Fritz Sterz, Kristina Tendl, Csilla Balassy, Klaus Distelmaier, Martin Hülsmann, Gottfried Heinz, Christopher Adlbrecht
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia (NOMI) is characterised by hypoperfusion of the intestines without evidence of mechanical obstruction, potentially leading to extensive ischaemia and necrosis. Low cardiac output appears to be a major risk factor. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation aims at restoring blood flow after cardiac arrest. However, post restoration of spontaneous circulation, myocardial stunning limits immediate recovery of sufficient cardiac function...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042391/identification-of-factors-associated-with-sedation-tolerance-in-5000-patients-undergoing-outpatient-colonoscopy-canadian-tertiary-center-experience
#8
Alexandra Shingina, George Ou, Oliver Takach, Sigrid Svarta, Ricky Kwok, Jessica Tong, Kieran Donaldson, Eric Lam, Robert Enns
AIM: To develop a prediction model aimed at identifying patients that may require higher than usual sedation doses during colonoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review on 5000 patients who underwent an outpatient colonoscopy at St. Paul's Hospital from 2009 to 2010 was conducted in order to develop a model for identifying patients who will require increased doses of sedatives. Potential predictor variables including age, gender, endoscopy indication, high sedation requirements during previous endoscopies, difficulty of the procedure, bowel preparation quality, interventions, findings as well as current use of benzodiazepines, opioids and alcohol were analyzed...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024548/canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-cardiovascular-critical-care-society-canadian-association-of-interventional-cardiology-position-statement-on-the-optimal-care-of-the-postarrest-patient
#9
Graham C Wong, Sean van Diepen, Craig Ainsworth, Rakesh C Arora, Jean G Diodati, Mark Liszkowski, Michael Love, Chris Overgaard, Greg Schnell, Jean-Francois Tanguay, George Wells, Michel Le May
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with a low rate of survival to hospital discharge and high rates of neurological morbidity among survivors. Programmatic efforts to institute and integrate OHCA best care practices from the bystander response through to the in-hospital phase have been associated with improved patient outcomes. This Canadian Cardiovascular Society position statement was developed to provide comprehensive yet practical recommendations to guide the in-hospital care of OHCA patients...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966302/cost-analysis-and-evaluation-of-nosocomial-infections-in-intensive-care-units
#10
Uğur Kostakoğlu, Sedat Saylan, Mevlüt Karataş, Serap İskender, Firdevs Aksoy, Gürdal Yılmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate nosocomial infections occurring in our hospital intensive care units (ICUs) and the risk factors for these, and to determine the effect of these infections on mortality and cost. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was performed via infection control committee surveillance data, ICU records, and information processing data between 1 January and 31 December 2013 at the Kanuni Education and Research Hospital...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908944/use-of-neuromuscular-blockers-during-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest-a-nursing-protocol
#11
Coraline Boulila, Samia Ben Abdallah, Aude Marincamp, Vincent Coic, Romuald Lauverjat, Nicole Ericher, Wulfran Bougouin, Jean-Paul Mira, Alain Cariou, Guillaume Geri
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blockers used to prevent shivering during therapeutic hypothermia in comatose patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are associated with adverse events. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a nurse-implemented protocol on use of neuromuscular blockers in patients treated with 24-hour therapeutic hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: A before and after study was done in a 24-bed cardiac arrest center...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847697/comparison-of-the-effect-of-open-and-closed-endotracheal-suctioning-methods-on-pain-and-agitation-in-medical-icu-patients-a-clinical-trial
#12
Raziyeh Dastdadeh, Abbas Ebadi, Amir Vahedian-Azimi
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal suctioning is a necessary procedure practiced by nurses in intensive care units to remove lung secretions. This procedure leads to higher oxygenation levels and reduced breathing difficulties. It also prevents atelectasis, pulmonary infections, and the accumulation of secretions. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to compare the effectiveness of open and closed endotracheal suction tube systems on pain and agitation in patients under mechanical ventilation...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791428/cpr-induced-consciousness-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-case-report-on-an-emerging-phenomenon
#13
Joshua Pound, P Richard Verbeek, Sheldon Cheskes
BACKGROUND: High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has produced a relatively new phenomenon of consciousness in patients with vital signs absent. Further research is necessary to produce a viable treatment strategy during and post resuscitation. OBJECTIVE: To provide a case study done by paramedics in the field illustrating the need for sedation in a patient whose presentation was consistent with CPR induced consciousness. Resuscitative challenges are provided as well as potential future treatment options to minimize harm to both patients and prehospital providers...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747238/inhalation-conscious-sedation-with-nitrous-oxide-and-oxygen-as-alternative-to-general-anesthesia-in-precooperative-fearful-and-disabled-pediatric-dental-patients-a-large-survey-on-688-working-sessions
#14
Angela Galeotti, Annelyse Garret Bernardin, Vincenzo D'Antò, Gianmaria Fabrizio Ferrazzano, Tina Gentile, Valeria Viarani, Giorgio Cassabgi, Tiziana Cantile
Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness and the tolerability of the nitrous oxide sedation for dental treatment on a large pediatric sample constituting precooperative, fearful, and disabled patients. Methods. 472 noncooperating patients (aged 4 to 17) were treated under conscious sedation. The following data were calculated: average age; gender distribution; success/failure; adverse effects; number of treatments; kind of dental procedure undertaken; number of dental procedures for each working session; number of working sessions for each patient; differences between males and females and between healthy and disabled patients in relation to success; success in relation to age; and level of cooperation using Venham score...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744470/outcome-of-intracranial-arterial-stenting-of-symptomatic-atherosclerotic-disease-a-single-center-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#15
Youssef Al Said, Khalil Kurdi, Saleh S Baeesa, Ahmed Najjar, Mohammed Almekhlafi, Ahmed Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To present our local experience with intracranial angioplasty and stenting used for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis to assess its safety, efficacy, and outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all the patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease who underwent endovascular treatment in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and research center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2003 to December 2014. Clinical, procedural, and outcome variables were gathered...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683261/risk-factors-for-overnight-respiratory-events-following-sedation-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children-with-sleep-apnea
#16
Margaret J Trost, Melissa Cowell, Jennifer Cannon, Kendra Mitchell, Kevin Waloff, Humberto Avila, Sanjay Chand, Christopher J Russell
PURPOSE: Children with sleep apnea may be at increased risk for overnight respiratory events (ORE) following anesthesia. We sought to identify ORE risk factors in sleep apnea patients sedated for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: One thousand four hundred seven hospitalizations for children with sleep apnea (by ICD-9 code) occurred at our institution from 5/1/2011 to 2/1/2015. One hundred twenty-seven (9 %) encounters were solely for post-MRI observation representing 96 unique patients...
September 28, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673357/sedation-by-propofol-for-painful-care-procedures-at-the-end-of-life-a-pilot-study-propopal-1
#17
Jean François Ciais, Flora Tremellat, Maud Castelli-Prieto, Caroline Jestin
BACKGROUND: At the end of life, patients may feel refractory pain during care procedures although they receive appropriate analgesia. They can benefit from a short-term sedation. Propofol is used for procedural sedation in emergency or reanimation departments. It may be adapted in a palliative care unit. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to verify whether propofol could allow us to administer care without causing major pain to patients with refractory pain at the end of life...
March 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544377/safety-and-efficacy-of-vertebroplasty-for-acute-painful-osteoporotic-fractures-vapour-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
COMMENT
William Clark, Paul Bird, Peter Gonski, Terrence H Diamond, Peter Smerdely, H Patrick McNeil, Glen Schlaphoff, Carl Bryant, Elizabeth Barnes, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: We hypothesised that vertebroplasty provides effective analgesia for patients with poorly controlled pain and osteoporotic spinal fractures of less than 6 weeks' duration. The effectiveness of vertebroplasty, using an adequate vertebral fill technique, in fractures of less than 6 weeks' duration has not been specifically assessed by previously published masked trials. METHODS: This was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vertebroplasty in four hospitals in Sydney, Australia...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542731/baclofen-to-prevent-agitation-in-alcohol-addicted-patients-in-the-icu-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Mickael Vourc'h, Fanny Feuillet, Pierre-Joachim Mahe, Véronique Sebille, Karim Asehnoune
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is the leading psychoactive substance consumed in France, with about 15 million regular consumers. The National institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) considers alcohol abuse to be more than 14 units of alcohol a week for men and 7 units for women. The specific complication of alcoholism is the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Its incidence reaches up to 30 % and its main complications are delirium tremens, restlessness, extended hospital stay, higher morbidity, and psychiatric and cognitive impairment...
August 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501618/anesthetic-techniques-and-incidence-of-complications-in-fetoscopic-surgery
#20
Patchareya Nivatpumin, Pawinee Pangthipampai, Tachawan Jirativanont, Sukanya Dej-Arkom, Namtip Triyasunant, Thongchai Tempeetikul
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, fetoscopic surgery has been accepted to be a procedure to correct numerous congenital anomalies. This operation can be successfully done under general, regional or local anesthesia with sedation. Incidence of complications from anesthesia in fetoscopic surgery has not been reported in Thailand. OBJECTIVE: To describe anesthetic techniques and incidence of complications in fetoscopic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Data of 152 pregnant women undergoing fetoscopic surgery in a single university hospital was retrospectively chart reviewed from June 2005 to November 2015...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
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