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Hien Van Nguyen, Namhyun Baek, Beom-Jin Lee
Due to the instability of esomeprazole magnesium dihydrate (EPM), a proton pump inhibitor, in gastric fluid, enteric-coated dosage form is commonly used for therapeutic application. In this study, we prepared new gastric fluid resistant solid dispersions (SDs) containing alkalizers. Then, new mechanistic evidence regarding the effects of pharmaceutical alkalizers on the aqueous stability of EPM in simulated gastric fluid was investigated. The alkalizer-loaded SD were prepared by dissolving or dispersing EPM, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) 6 cps, and an alkalizer, in ethanol 50% (v/v) followed by spray drying...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
C F Ebbelaar, H A Lammers, A F A M Schobben
A patient suffering from Zollinger-Ellison was treated with Nexium, but after patent expiry only the costs of generic omeprazol were reimbursed. Generic tablets and capsules, pantoprazol and rabeprazol, were tried without success and finally the pharmacist dispensed Nexium at his own expense. Registered generic drugs have been shown to be bioequivalent with the originator drug within narrow margins. When two batches of the originator are compared, the same requirements are valid. Although the subject has received a lot of negative publicity, meta-analyses on outcome comparison support generic substitution; problems associated with switching can be partially explained by the loss of trust in the treatment, and differences in appearance also cause confusion...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Scott R Pollack, David J Schenk
Omeprazole (Prilosec®) is a selective and irreversible proton pump inhibitor used to treat various medical conditions related to the production of excess stomach acids. It functions by suppressing secretion of those acids. Radiolabeled compounds are commonly employed in the drug discovery and development process to support efforts including library screening, target identification, receptor binding, assay development and validation and safety assessment. Herein, we describe synthetic approaches to the controlled and selective labeling of omeprazole with tritium via hydrogen isotope exchange chemistry...
September 2015: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Shu-Ling Kan, Jing Lu, Jian-Ping Liu, Yi Zhao
To reduce the drug plasma concentration fluctuation without being destroyed by gastric fluid, novel Esomeprazole magnesium modified-release pellets (EMZ-MRPs) with suitable in vitro release profiles and good in vitro and in vivo correlation (IVIVC) were developed. Fluid-bed was used to obtain EMZ-loaded pellets by spraying drug suspension onto blank sugar pellets. The drug-loaded pellets were subsequently coated with Eudragit® RS30D/RL30D (ERS/ERL) aqueous dispersion to achieve sustained-release (SR) characteristics...
2016: Drug Delivery
Jen-Ru Chen, Mei-Chun Chen, Yu-Chiung Fang, Shu-Hui Kuo
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: When oral intake is inadequate or not recommended for patients with underlying diseases or specific treatments, it is common for these patients to receive nutrition enterally through a nasogastric tube. However, tube occlusion is a common complication of enteral feeding tubes. Data collected at our hospital from January to September 2011 identified 7 nasogastric tube occlusion events. All events were resolved by replacing the original tube with a new tube. PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to reduce the nasogastric tube occlusion rate to 0...
April 2014: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Caitlyn Solem, Reema Mody, Jennifer Stephens, Cynthia Macahilig, Xin Gao
OBJECTIVE To describe physicians' knowledge, patients' adherence, and perceptions of both regarding mealtime-related dosing directions for proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). DESIGN Chart review and survey of patients and physicians. SETTING United States, with data collected between January and July 2011. PARTICIPANTS Patients being treated for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with PPIs and their prescribing physicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Patient- and physician-reported perception of PPI mealtime-related directions as important/inconvenient (seven-point Likert scale; 7 = very important/very inconvenient); physician-reported knowledge of PPI mealtime-related dosing directions based on whether the agent is labeled to be taken 30-60 minutes before eating (DIR-esomeprazole magnesium [Nexium-AstraZeneca], lansoprazole, and omeprazole) or labeled to be taken regardless of meals (NoDIR-dexlansoprazole [Dexilant-Takeda], rabeprazole, and pantoprazole); and patient-reported PPI mealtime-related directions received and adherence to directions...
March 2014: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Charlotte Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
Grzegorz Garbacz, Bartosz Kołodziej, Mirko Koziolek, Werner Weitschies, Sandra Klein
The hydrogen carbonate buffer is considered as the most biorelevant buffer system for the simulation of intestinal conditions and covers the physiological pH range of the luminal fluids from pH 5.5 to about pH 8.4. The pH value of a hydrogen carbonate buffer is the result of a complex and dynamic interplay of the concentration of hydrogen carbonate ions, carbonic acid, the concentration of dissolved and solvated carbon dioxide and its partial pressure above the solution. The complex equilibrium between the different ions results in a thermodynamic instability of hydrogen carbonate solutions...
January 23, 2014: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Steven J Czinn, Samra Blanchard
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as the involuntary retrograde passage of gastric contents into the esophagus with or without regurgitation or vomiting. It is a frequently experienced physiologic condition occurring several times a day, mostly postprandial and causes no symptoms. These infants are also called 'happy spitters'. GER disease (GERD) occurs when reflux of the gastric contents causes symptoms that affect the quality of life or pathologic complications, such as failure to thrive, feeding or sleeping problems, chronic respiratory disorders, esophagitis, hematemesis, apnea, and apparent life-threatening events...
February 2013: Paediatric Drugs
Jasmine Kamboj, Manjunath Kottalgi, Vidyasagar Reddy Cirra, Nainesh Shah, Rahul Kamboj
Patient presented with passage of fresh blood mixed with clots per rectum. In the ER, she was found to have bright red blood per rectum with clots, with frank blood on nasogastric tube. She was on dabigatran for atrial fibrillation and aspirin, with intermittent intake of ibuprofen. Vitals were positive for orthostatic hypotension. The pertinent findings in the physical examination were altered mental status with orientation*1, weak peripheral pulses, irregularly irregular heart rate, and bilateral pitting edema 2+ in bilateral lower extremities...
November 2012: American Journal of Therapeutics
Mitsushige Sugimoto, Takahisa Furuta
Esomeprazole (Nexium(®); AstraZeneca), the S-isomer of omeprazole, is the first proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to be developed as an optical isomer. Compared with omeprazole, esomeprazole has an improved pharmacokinetic profile with regards to CYP2C19 (S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase) genotype, showing increased systemic exposure and less interindividual variability. Further, esomeprazole is a more potent acid inhibitor than other currently available PPIs and is therefore used as a first-line drug for acid-related diseases...
2012: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
Gillian M Keating
Intravenous esomeprazole (Nexium®) is approved in Europe for the prevention of rebleeding following therapeutic endoscopy for acute bleeding gastric or duodenal ulcers. In a pivotal clinical trial, patients with peptic ulcer bleeding and high-risk stigmata who received intravenous esomeprazole for 72 hours following endoscopic haemostatic therapy were significantly less likely than those receiving intravenous placebo to experience recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding at days 3, 7 and 30. In addition, the need for repeat endoscopic haemostatic therapy, the total amount of blood transfused and the number of additional hospital days required because of rebleeding were significantly lower in intravenous esomeprazole recipients than in intravenous placebo recipients...
June 2011: PharmacoEconomics
Heather P Whitley
PURPOSE: To quantify the monetary value of medications provided to rural Alabamians through provision of pharmaceutical manufacturer-sponsored prescription assistance programs (PAPs) provided by a clinical pharmacist in a private Black Belt family medicine clinic during 2007 and 2008. METHODS: Patients struggling to afford prescription medications were referred to a clinical pharmacist by the physician or nurse practitioner for medication assistance evaluation. Once patients were deemed eligible, the pharmacist assisted in the PAPs completion process, maintained detailed records, and aided in recovery of refills...
2011: Journal of Rural Health
N L Pakhomovskaia, A S Potapov, G V Volynets, A A Shavrov, E G Tsimbalova, T S Chetkina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2009: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
S Iu Serebrova, A K Starodubtsev, V V Pisarev, S N Kondratenko, G F Vasilenko, O V Dobrovol'skiĭ
There were authentic distinctions between the groups of healthy volunteers and patients with a peptic ulcer disease in Cmax, Tmax, AUC(0-t), AUC(0-infinity), CIt, Vd of omeprazole and Cmax of esomeprazole (Nexium, AstraZeneca). When the pharmacokinetics of omeprazole and ezomeprazole were compared in both groups, there were authentic distinctions in Cmax, AU(0-t), AUC(0-infinity), CIt, T1/2. The patients who had taken omeprazole the time of hypoacide condition was much shorter than in other groups. Disintegration test modeling pHmax for pH oscillation with large amplitude, that is typical for ulcer disease, demonstrated a possibility of early partial release of omeprazole, its acid-depended degradation and reduction of its bioavailability...
2009: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
David A Johnson
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is generally a lifelong illness that affects many people. Erosive esophagitis can occur in up to 65% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and more seriously, esophageal stricture, Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma, can develop. The severity of symptoms is not a reliable indicator of the severity of erosive esophagitis and although endoscopy is the preferred method to diagnose and grade erosive esophagitis, its routine use is not practical. Therefore, early initiation of treatment with the most effective agent for treating this disease is a practical and logical strategy...
August 2004: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2009: Managed Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2009: Harvard Health Letter
Thomas Szucs, Christina Thalmann, Pierre Michetti, Christoph Beglinger
OBJECTIVES: To assess the difference in direct medical costs between on-demand (OD) treatment with esomeprazole (E) 20 mg and continuous (C) treatment with E 20 mg q.d. from a clinical practice view in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms. METHODS: This open, randomized study (ONE: on-demand Nexium evaluation) compared two long-term management options with E 20 mg in endoscopically uninvestigated patients seeking primary care for GERD symptoms who demonstrated complete relief of symptoms after an initial treatment of 4 weeks with E 40 mg...
March 2009: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Kate McKeage, Stephanie K A Blick, Jamie D Croxtall, Katherine A Lyseng-Williamson, Gillian M Keating
Esomeprazole (Nexium); S-omeprazole) is a single optical isomer proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) approved for the management of reflux oesophagitis, the symptomatic treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), the prevention and healing of NSAID-associated gastric ulcer disease (and the prevention of NSAID-associated duodenal ulcers in the UK), the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection and associated duodenal ulcer disease (and prevention of relapse of H. pylori-associated peptic ulcers in the UK), and the treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (and other hypersecretory syndromes in the US)...
2008: Drugs
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