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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466508/comparative-study-of-three-xenic-media-culture-for-cultivation-of-balantidium-coli-strains
#1
Alynne da Silva Barbosa, Matheus Lessa Cardozo, Laís Verdan Dib, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Claudia Maria Antunes Uchôa, Otilio Machado Pereira Bastos, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the growth rate of Balantidium coli in three xenic media cultures. Between 2013 and 2015, 10 B. coli isolates obtained from feces of Cynomolgus macaques, and 30 isolates from feces of pigs were studied. An inoculum of 500 trophozoites was transferred to tubes containing LES, TYSGM-9 and Pavlova media. These cultures were evaluated at incubation times of 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. In most of strains analyzed wasn't showed significant difference in the growth rate comparing TYSGM-9 and Pavlova media (Wilcoxon p>0...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466454/interaction-between-fkbp5-variability-and-recent-life-events-in-the-anxiety-spectrum-evidence-for-the-differential-susceptibility-model
#2
Beatriz Pérez-Pérez, Paula Cristóbal-Narváez, Tamara Sheinbaum, Thomas R Kwapil, Sergi Ballespí, Elionora Peña, Marta de Castro-Catala, Maria Dolors Riba, Araceli Rosa, Neus Barrantes-Vidal
BACKGROUND: Gene-environment interaction (GxE) research has highlighted the importance of investigating the FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5) gene as a sensitivity gene. However, previous GxE studies with FKBP5 have not measured the full environmental spectrum or applied statistical tests to discern whether the GxE interaction fits better with the differential-susceptibility or diathesis-stress hypotheses. This study examined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on FKBP5 gene moderate the association of positive and negative recent life events (LEs) with depressive symptoms, state-anxiety, neuroticism, and social anxiety traits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463161/should-information-about-sexual-health-be-included-in-education-directed-toward-men-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#3
Dariusz Kałka, Romuald Zdrojowy, Krzysztof Womperski, Jana Gebala, Ryszard Smoliński, Alicja Dulanowska, Karolina Stolarczyk, Jakub Dulanowski, Witold Pilecki, Lesław Rusiecki
BACKGROUND: Modifiable risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and erectile dysfunction (ED). We aimed to compare the knowledge about the contribution of modifiable risk factors to the pathogenesis of CVD and ED. The impact of patients' having modifiable risk factors on the awareness of their negative influence on the development of CVD and ED was examined. METHODS: To this multicenter cohort study, we included 417 patients with CHD who had been hospitalized in the cardiology or cardiac surgery department during the previous six weeks and underwent cardiac rehabilitation in one of the five centers...
February 20, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450980/prediction-of-enteric-methane-production-yield-and-intensity-in-dairy-cattle-using-an-intercontinental-database
#4
Mutian Niu, Ermias Kebreab, Alexander N Hristov, Joonpyo Oh, Claudia Arndt, André Bannink, Ali R Bayat, André F Brito, Tommy Boland, David Casper, Les A Crompton, Jan Dijkstra, Maguy A Eugène, Phil C Garnsworthy, Md Najmul Haque, Anne L F Hellwing, Pekka Huhtanen, Michael Kreuzer, Bjoern Kuhla, Peter Lund, Jørgen Madsen, Cécile Martin, Shelby C McClelland, Mark McGee, Peter J Moate, Stefan Muetzel, Camila Muñoz, Padraig O'Kiely, Nico Peiren, Christopher K Reynolds, Angela Schwarm, Kevin J Shingfield, Tonje M Storlien, Martin R Weisbjerg, David R Yáñez-Ruiz, Zhongtang Yu
Enteric methane (CH 4 ) production from cattle contributes to global greenhouse gas emissions. Measurement of enteric CH 4 is complex, expensive and impractical at large scales; therefore, models are commonly used to predict CH 4 production. However, building robust prediction models requires extensive data from animals under different management systems worldwide. The objectives of this study were to (1) collate a global database of enteric CH 4 production from individual lactating dairy cattle; (2) determine the availability of key variables for predicting enteric CH 4 production (g/d per cow), yield [g/kg dry matter intake (DMI)], and intensity (g/kg energy corrected milk) and their respective relationships; (3) develop intercontinental and regional models and cross-validate their performance; and (4) assess the trade-off between availability of on-farm inputs and CH 4 prediction accuracy...
February 16, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447727/n-o-129-l-exercice-physique-pendant-la-grossesse-et-le-postpartum
#5
Gregory A L Davies, Larry A Wolfe, Michelle F Mottola, Catherine MacKinnon
OBJECTIF: Énoncer une directive canadienne visant à informer les fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux des répercussions, pour la mère, le fœtus et le nouveau-né, des exercices de conditionnement aerobique et musculaire pendant la grossesse. RéSULTATS ATTENDUS: Effets sur la morbidité maternelle, fœtale et néonatale et mesures de la forme physique maternelle. PREUVES: Une recherche sur MEDLINE des articles, publiés en anglais de 1966 à 2002, appartenant aux catégories suivantes : études sur le conditionnement aérobique et musculaire chez des femmes ne faisant pas jusque-là d'exercice et chez des femmes actives avant leur grossesse, ainsi que des études sur les répercussions du conditionnement aérobique et musculaire sur les issues précoces et tardives de la grossesse ou sur les issues néonatales; rapports de synthèse et méta-analyses portant sur l'exercice pendant la grossesse...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447712/n%C3%A2-355-fondements-physiologiques-de-la-douleur-pendant-le-travail-et-l-accouchement-approche-de-soulagement-bas%C3%A3-e-sur-les-donn%C3%A3-es-probantes
#6
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447704/l-importance-d-%C3%A3-carter-l-existence-d-une-corne-ut%C3%A3-rine-rudimentaire-chez-les-femmes-pr%C3%A3-sentant-un-ut%C3%A3-rus-unicorne
#7
EDITORIAL
Megan Schneiderman, Togas Tulandi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445218/new-insights-into-gelatinization-mechanisms-of-cereal-endosperm-starches
#8
Shujun Wang, Chen Chao, Fengjuan Xiang, Xiu Zhang, Shuo Wang, Les Copeland
A thorough understanding of starch gelatinization is needed to control starch functional properties for food processing and human nutrition. Here, we reveal the mechanism of structural disassembly of rice, maize and wheat starch granules during thermal transitions in which a Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA) was used to pre-heat the starches to certain transition points in the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) heating profiles. This was done to generate sufficient material for structural analyses. The results from DSC, Raman, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses all showed that at the conclusion temperature (T c ) of the DSC endotherm rice starch gelatinization was complete, whereas residual structural order remained in maize and wheat starches...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440962/focal-achalasia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Marcus Joachim Herzig, Radu Tutuian
Esophageal achalasia is a primary smooth muscle motility disorder specified by aperistalsis of the tubular esophagus in combination with a poorly relaxing and occasionally hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (LES). These changes occur secondary to the destruction of the neural network coordinating esophageal peristalsis and LES relaxation (plexus myentericus). There are limited data on segmental involvement of the esophagus in adults. We report on the case of a 54-year-old man who presented initially with complete aperistalsis limited to the distal esophagus...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439587/clinical-management-of-pediatric-achalasia
#10
Marinde van Lennep, Michiel P van Wijk, Taher I Omari, Marc A Benninga, Maartje M J Singendonk
Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder. Much of the literature is based on the adult population. In adults, guidance of therapeutic approach by manometric findings has led to improvement in patient outcome. Promising results have been achieved with novel therapies such as PerOral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM). Areas covered: In this review, we provide an overview of the novel diagnostic and therapeutic tools for achalasia management and in what way they will relate to the future management of pediatric achalasia...
February 13, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436286/hematologic-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-stranded-green-sea-turtles
#11
Duane T March, Kimberly Vinette-Herrin, Andrew Peters, Ellen Ariel, David Blyde, Doug Hayward, Les Christidis, Brendan P Kelaher
To improve understanding of pathophysiologic processes occurring in green sea turtles ( Chelonia mydas) stranded along the east coast of Australia, we retrospectively examined the hematologic and biochemical blood parameters of 127 green turtles admitted to 2 rehabilitation facilities, Dolphin Marine Magic (DMM) and Taronga Zoo (TZ), between 2002 and 2016. The predominant size class presented was small immature animals (SIM), comprising 88% and 69% of admissions to DMM and TZ, respectively. Significant differences in blood profiles were noted between facility, size, and outcome...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433746/collections-d%C3%A2-%C3%A3-chantillons-biologiques-humains-pour-la-recherche%C3%A2-principaux-enjeux-et-cons%C3%A3-quences-pour-le-patient%C3%A2
#12
Céline Verstuyft, Zeina Antoun, Dominique Deplanque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429552/comment-renforcer-la-place-des-patients-dans-les-%C3%A3-valuations-des-technologies-de-sant%C3%A3-faites-par-les-autorit%C3%A3-s-de-sant%C3%A3
#13
Marie-France Mamzer, Sophie Dubois, Christian Saout, Nicolas Albin, Jehan-Michel Béhier, Anne Buisson, Vincent Diebolt, Olivier Delaitre, Christophe Duguet, Jean-Yves Fagon, Ségolène Gaillard, Claire Le Jeunne, René Mazars, Joëlle Micallef, Hervé Nabarette, Laurent Piazza, Catherine Raynaud, Nathalie Varoqueaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429340/effects-of-chain-length-and-degree-of-unsaturation-of-fatty-acids-on-structure-and-in-vitro-digestibility-of-starch-protein-fatty-acid-complexes
#14
Mengge Zheng, Chen Chao, Jinglin Yu, Les Copeland, Shuo Wang, Shujun Wang
The effects of chain length and degree of unsaturation of fatty acids (FAs) on structure and in vitro digestibility of starch-protein-FA complexes were investigated in model systems. Studies with the Rapid Visco Analyser (RVA) showed that the formation of ternary complex resulted in higher viscosities than those of binary complex during the cooling and holding stages. The results of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Raman and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the structural differences for ternary complexes were much less than those for binary complexes...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428212/computed-tomography-window-blending-feasibility-in-thoracic-trauma
#15
Jacob C Mandell, Jeremy R Wortman, Tatiana C Rocha, Les R Folio, Katherine P Andriole, Bharti Khurana
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of processing computed tomography (CT) images with a custom window blending algorithm that combines soft-tissue, bone, and lung window settings into a single image; to compare the time for interpretation of chest CT for thoracic trauma with window blending and conventional window settings; and to assess diagnostic performance of both techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adobe Photoshop was scripted to process axial DICOM images from retrospective contrast-enhanced chest CTs performed for trauma with a window-blending algorithm...
February 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424401/-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-depression-in-adults-consulting-in-primary-care
#16
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Carlos Serrano, Soledad Ballesteros, Soledad Potthoff, Cristián Cáceres, Marcela Ormazábal, Andrea Asenjo
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences during childhood may influence the development of mental disorders during adulthood. AIM: To determine clinical and psychosocial variables that are associated with a higher frequency of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in patients who consult for depression in Primary Health Care clinics in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A socio-demographic interview, the mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI), a screening for ACE, a questionnaire for partner violence (PV), the Life Experiences Survey (LES) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRDS) were applied to 394 patients with major depression (87% women)...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420527/etiolog%C3%A3-a-de-las-vasculitis-cut%C3%A3-neas-utilidad-de-una-aproximaci%C3%A3-n-sist%C3%A3-mica
#17
Caroline Chanussot-Deprez, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Luis Flores-Suárez, Celia Ríos-Romero, Javier Cabiedes-Contreras, Edgardo Reyes, Lucia Rangel-Gamboa
Objetivo: Las vasculitis cutáneas (VC), primarias o como manifestación de enfermedades sistémicas, constituyen un reto diagnóstico. Determinar las causas de VC. Métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de CV, a los cuales se les realizó valoración clínica, biopsia cutánea y exámenes de laboratorio. En la mayoría de los casos se realizó inmunofluorescencia directa. Los casos se clasificaron con los criterios del American College of Rheumatology (ACR) y la Chapel Hill Consensus Conference (CHCC)...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420516/efectos-de-una-intervenci%C3%A3-n-quir%C3%A3%C2%BArgica-menor-sobre-la-calidad-de-vida-en-ni%C3%A3-os-desde-diferentes-perspectivas
#18
Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Inés M Parejo-Cabezas, Narcís Gusi, Pedro R Olivares
Objetivo: Comparar la percepción de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) de padres y médico con respecto al paciente en población infantil sometida a una intervención quirúrgica menor, y analizar la progresión de la CVRS tras un mes de someterse a la intervención. Método: Participaron 36 pacientes sometidos a intervenciones quirúrgicas menores. Se les administró el cuestionario EQ-5D-Y, y su versión proxy correspondiente a los padres y al médico...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415068/the-nonlinear-relationship-between-cerebrospinal-fluid-a%C3%AE-42-and-tau-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Mony J de Leon, Elizabeth Pirraglia, Ricardo S Osorio, Lidia Glodzik, Les Saint-Louis, Hee-Jin Kim, Juan Fortea, Silvia Fossati, Eugene Laska, Carole Siegel, Tracy Butler, Yi Li, Henry Rusinek, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies consistently show that CSF levels of amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ42) are reduced and tau levels increased prior to the onset of cognitive decline related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the preclinical prediction accuracy for low CSF Aβ42 levels, a surrogate for brain Aβ42 deposits, is not high. Moreover, the pathology data suggests a course initiated by tauopathy contradicting the contemporary clinical view of an Aβ initiated cascade. CSF Aβ42 and tau data from 3 normal aging cohorts (45-90 years) were combined to test both cross-sectional (n = 766) and longitudinal (n = 651) hypotheses: 1) that the relationship between CSF levels of Aβ42 and tau are not linear over the adult life-span; and 2) that non-linear models improve the prediction of cognitive decline...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414754/bayesian-source-term-estimation-of-atmospheric-releases-in-urban-areas-using-les-approach
#20
Fei Xue, Hideki Kikumoto, Xiaofeng Li, Ryozo Ooka
The estimation of source information from limited measurements of a sensor network is a challenging inverse problem, which can be viewed as an assimilation process of the observed concentration data and the predicted concentration data. When dealing with releases in built-up areas, the predicted data are generally obtained by the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations, which yields building-resolving results; however, RANS-based models are outperformed by large-eddy simulation (LES) in the predictions of both airflow and dispersion...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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