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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527614/n-o-344-salpingectomie-opportuniste-et-autres-m%C3%A3-thodes-pour-r%C3%A3-duire-le-risque-de-cancer-de-l-ovaire-de-la-trompe-de-fallope-et-du-p%C3%A3-ritoine-dans-la-population-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-rale
#1
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIF: La présente directive clinique examine les avantages potentiels de la salpingectomie opportuniste pour prévenir le développement du cancer séreux de grade élevé de l'ovaire, de la trompe de Fallope et du péritoine à la lumière de données probantes actuelles selon lesquelles ce type de cancer prendrait naissance dans la trompe de Fallope. UTILISATEURS CIBLES: Gynécologues, obstétriciens, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, résidents et fournisseurs de soins de santé...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518283/branched-chain-amino-acids-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#2
REVIEW
Lise Lotte Gluud, Gitte Dam, Iñigo Les, Giulio Marchesini, Mette Borre, Niels Kristian Aagaard, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction with neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting. The severity ranges from minor symptoms to coma. A Cochrane systematic review including 11 randomised clinical trials on branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) versus control interventions has evaluated if BCAA may benefit people with hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of BCAA versus any control intervention for people with hepatic encephalopathy...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515804/study-habits-of-canadian-urology-residents-implications-for-development-of-a-competence-by-design-curriculum
#3
Thomas A A Skinner, Louisa Ho, Naji J Touma
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the study habits of Canadian urology residents throughout their residency training. METHODS: A survey was administered to all final-year Canadian urology residents over a two-year period. Sixty-seven respondents answered a survey consisting of 54 questions scored on a 10-point Likert score. The survey addressed study habits throughout training, motivations for studying, and preferred resources used. RESULTS: Dedication to studying was directly correlated with proximity to the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) exam...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515561/efficacy-of-myofascial-unwinding-and-myofascial-release-technique-in-a-patient-with-somatic-symptoms-a-case-report
#4
Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Manish Bathla, D Kanimozhi, D Narkeesh
Depression is an aversion to activity disorder which could lead to somatic dysfunctions such as insomnia, excessive sleeping, body aches, listlessness, and irritable bowel syndrome. The World Health Organization has projected the depression to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. The physical and mental ill effects of somatic depression can be addressed using the osteopathic manipulative treatment. Therefore, the purpose of the present case report is to explore the effect of myofascial release (MFR) technique and myofascial unwinding (MFU) in the somatic depression...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515497/invasion-dynamics-of-asian-hornet-vespa-velutina-hymenoptera-vespidae-a-case-study-of-a-commune-in-south-west-france
#5
Daniel N Franklin, Mike A Brown, Samik Datta, Andrew G S Cuthbertson, Giles E Budge, Matt J Keeling
Asian hornet, Vespa velutina Lepeletier nests were discovered in 2007 in Andernos-les-Bains on the south-west coast of France, 3 years after the first reported sightings in France. The number of nests increased in the commune over the following 7 years, despite local authorities enacting a destruction policy. The nests existed in close proximity to one another leading to a high density of over 10 nests per square kilometre in urban areas. New information on the chosen habitat for nests is presented, and the differences between primary and secondary locations are evident, with primary nests mostly occupying buildings and man-made structures, while secondary nests were found on trees...
2017: Applied Entomology and Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506596/advances-in-medical-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-common-genitourinary-cancers
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad H Bagheri, Mark A Ahlman, Liza Lindenberg, Baris Turkbey, Jeffrey Lin, Ali Cahid Civelek, Ashkan A Malayeri, Piyush K Agarwal, Peter L Choyke, Les R Folio, Andrea B Apolo
Medical imaging of the 3 most common genitourinary (GU) cancers-prostate adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder-has evolved significantly during the last decades. The most commonly used imaging modalities for the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of GU cancers are computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Multiplanar multidetector computed tomography and multiparametric MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging are the main imaging modalities for renal cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma, and although multiparametric MRI is rapidly becoming the main imaging tool in the evaluation of prostate adenocarcinoma, biopsy is still required for diagnosis...
May 12, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501071/in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-articaine-is-3-6-times-more-efficacious-than-lidocaine-in-achieving-anesthetic-success-when-used-for-supplementary-infiltration-after-mandibular-block-anesthesia
#7
Mathilde C Peters, Tatiana M Botero
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Does articaine provide an advantage over lidocaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Kung J, McDonagh M, Sedgley CM. J Endod 2015; 41(11):1784-94. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The study was supported by the OHSU Department of Endodontology Les Morgan Endowment Fund and a resident research grant from the American Association of Endodontists Foundation TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500849/transcriptomic-profiles-of-human-foreskin-fibroblast-cells-in-response-to-orf-virus
#8
Daxiang Chen, Mingjian Long, Bin Xiao, Yufeng Xiong, Huiqin Chen, Yu Chen, Zhenzhan Kuang, Ming Li, Yingsong Wu, Daniel L Rock, Daoyuan Gong, Yong Wang, Haijian He Fang Liu, Shuhong Luo, Wenbo Hao
Orf virus has been utilized as a safe and efficient viral vector against not only diverse infectious diseases, but also against tumors. However, the nature of the genes triggered by the vector in human cells is poorly characterized. Using RNA sequencing technology, we compared specific changes in the transcriptomic profiles in human foreskin fibroblast cells following infection by the orf virus. The results indicated that orf virus upregulates or downregulates expression of a variety of genes, including genes involved in antiviral immune response, apoptosis, cell cycle and a series of signaling pathways, such as the IFN and p53-signaling pathways...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500269/dynamic-cytology-and-transcriptional-regulation-of-rice-lamina-joint-development
#9
Lijuan Zhou, Langtao Xiao, Hong-Wei Xue
Rice leaf angle is determined by lamina joint and an important agricultural trait determining leaf erectness and hence the photosynthesis efficiency and grain yield. Genetic studies reveal a complex regulatory network of lamina joint development; however, the morphological changes, cytological transitions, and underlying transcriptional programming remain to be elucidated. A systemic morphological and cytological study reveals a dynamic developmental process and suggests a common but distinct regulation of lamina joint...
May 12, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492098/l-%C3%A3-valuation-d-impact-sur-la-sant%C3%A3-en-mont%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-gie-un-processus-appuy%C3%A3-sur-le-courtage-de-connaissances
#10
Émile Tremblay, Louise St-Pierre, Christian Viens
Le présent article fait état du modèle de soutien à la prise de décision appliqué à l'évaluation d'impact sur la santé (EIS) en Montérégie, au Canada. Pour répondre à la volonté de soutenir l'élaboration de politiques et projets municipaux favorables à la santé et fondés sur les données probantes, la Direction de santé publique a mis en œuvre une démarche d'EIS dont les fondements pratiques s'inspirent des expériences internationales en matière d'EIS et dont les assises théoriques reposent sur le partage et le courtage de connaissances...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485002/multiple-huge-epiphrenic-esophageal-diverticula-with-motility-disease-treated-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-and-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#11
Yoshiki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shigeyoshi Higashi, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum is a rare condition that is often associated with a concomitant esophageal motor disorder. Some patients have the chief complaints of swallowing difficulty and gastroesophageal reflux; traditionally, such diverticula have been resected via right thoracotomy. Here, we describe a case with huge multiple epiphrenic diverticula with motility disorder, which were successfully resected using a video-assisted thoracic and laparoscopic procedure...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483482/-sexual-consequences-after-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-inquiry-among-members-of-the-association-nationale-des-malades-du-cancer-de-la-prostate
#12
D Girier, A Chevrot, P Costa, R Thuret, A Faix, A Mestre, S Droupy
INTRODUCTION: Complications of prostate cancer treatments are responsible of a lower quality of life. We evaluated the prevalence and the perceptions of sexual consequences of prostate cancer treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective self-administered questionnaire was sent to all the members of the Association Nationale des Malades du Cancer de la Prostate (ANAMACAP). All the answers were analyzed. RESULTS: 226 questionnaires were analyzed, the average age was 67...
May 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472556/factors-associated-with-greater-severity-of-depression-in-chilean-primary-care-patients
#13
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Soledad Ballesteros, Soledad Potthoff, Carlos Serrano
Objective: To determine clinical and psychosocial variables associated with increased depression severity in patients who consult public primary health care clinics (PHCs) in Chile. Methods: The study included 394 patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) according to ICD-10 criteria who were evaluated between February and September 2014 using a sociodemographic interview, the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a screening for childhood trauma, a scale for partner violence, the Life Events Survey (LES), and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD)...
May 4, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472440/a-global-cancer-surveillance-framework-within-noncommunicable-disease-surveillance-making-the-case-for-population-based-cancer-registries
#14
Marion Piñeros, Ariana Znaor, Les Mery, Freddie Bray
The growing burden of cancer among several major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) requires national implementation of tailored public health surveillance. For many emerging economies where emphasis has traditionally been placed on the surveillance of communicable diseases, it is critical to understand the specificities of NCD surveillance and, within it, of cancer surveillance. We propose a general framework for cancer surveillance that permits monitoring the core components of cancer control. We examine communalities in approaches to the surveillance of other major NCDs as well as communicable diseases, illustrating key differences in the function, coverage, and reporting in each system...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472307/antiretroviral-treated-hiv-1-patients-can-harbour-resistant-viruses-in-csf-despite-an-undetectable-viral-load-in-plasma
#15
Cathia Soulie, Maxime Grudé, Diane Descamps, Corinne Amiel, Laurence Morand-Joubert, Stéphanie Raymond, Coralie Pallier, Pantxika Bellecave, Sandrine Reigadas, Mary-Anne Trabaud, Constance Delaugerre, Brigitte Montes, Francis Barin, Virginie Ferré, Hélène Jeulin, Chakib Alloui, Sabine Yerly, Anne Signori-Schmuck, Aurélie Guigon, Samira Fafi-Kremer, Stéphanie Haïm-Boukobza, Audrey Mirand, Anne Maillard, Sophie Vallet, Catherine Roussel, Lambert Assoumou, Vincent Calvez, Philippe Flandre, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin
Background: HIV therapy reduces the CSF HIV RNA viral load (VL) and prevents disorders related to HIV encephalitis. However, these brain disorders may persist in some cases. A large population of antiretroviral-treated patients who had a VL > 1.7 log 10 copies/mL in CSF with detectable or undetectable VL in plasma associated with cognitive impairment was studied, in order to characterize discriminatory factors of these two patient populations. Methods: Blood and CSF samples were collected at the time of neurological disorders for 227 patients in 22 centres in France and 1 centre in Switzerland...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461159/effect-of-monthly-high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-falls-and-non-vertebral-fractures-secondary-and-post-hoc-outcomes-from-the-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-vida-trial
#16
Kay-Tee Khaw, Alistair W Stewart, Debbie Waayer, Carlene M M Lawes, Les Toop, Carlos A Camargo, Robert Scragg
BACKGROUND: Adults with low concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in blood have an increased risk of falls and fractures, but randomised trials of vitamin D supplementation have had inconsistent results. We aimed to assess the effect of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on fractures and falls. METHODS: The Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) Study was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of healthy volunteers aged 50-84 years conducted at one centre in Auckland, New Zealand...
April 28, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458064/towards-precision-prevention-technologies-for-identifying-healthy-individuals-with-high-risk-of-disease
#17
Zachary D Nagel, Bevin P Engelward, David J Brenner, Thomas J Begley, Robert W Sobol, Jason H Bielas, Peter J Stambrook, Qingyi Wei, Jennifer J Hu, Mary Beth Terry, Caroline Dilworth, Kimberly A McAllister, Les Reinlib, Leroy Worth, Daniel T Shaughnessy
The rise of advanced technologies for characterizing human populations at the molecular level, from sequence to function, is shifting disease prevention paradigms toward personalized strategies. Because minimization of adverse outcomes is a key driver for treatment decisions for diseased populations, developing personalized therapy strategies represent an important dimension of both precision medicine and personalized prevention. In this commentary, we highlight recently developed enabling technologies in the field of DNA damage, DNA repair, and mutagenesis...
April 6, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454758/n-o-343-pr%C3%A3-diction-du-g%C3%A3-notype-rhd-f%C3%A5-tal-par-test-pr%C3%A3-natal-non-invasif-de-routine-au-canada-l%C3%A2-heure-est-venue
#18
Jo-Ann Johnson, Kim MacDonald, Gwen Clarke, Amanda Skoll
Actuellement, la meilleure façon de prendre en charge les femmes enceintes Rh négatives consiste à prédire la présence ou l'absence de l'antigène D chez le fœtus au moyen d'un test non invasif analysant l'ADN acellulaire (ADNa) dans le plasma maternel, et à administrer une prophylaxie à celles dont l'enfant est RHD positif. Cette approche, prise pour norme dans un nombre croissant de pays, assure aux femmes enceintes Rh négatives des soins optimaux. La présente directive est le fruit d'une réunion de consensus du groupe de travail national sur le facteur Rh du Canada, un groupe interdisciplinaire formé pour examiner la situation nationale actuelle du génotypage RHD fœtal effectué sur l'ADNa...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448948/interactions-between-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-gene-polymorphism-and-life-events-in-susceptibility-to-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-chinese-population
#19
Dong Han, Zhengxue Qiao, Lu Chen, Xiaohui Qiu, Deyu Fang, Xiuxian Yang, Jingsong Ma, Mingqi Chen, Jiarun Yang, Lin Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Congpei Zhang, Yanjie Yang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the development of major depressive disorder. The aim of this study is to investigate the interaction between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphism (+405G/C, rs2010963) and negative life events in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: DNA genotyping was performed on peripheral blood leukocytes in 274 patients with MDD and 273 age-and sex-matched controls...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446976/per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#20
REVIEW
Steven R DeMeester
Symptoms in patients with achalasia are produced by outflow obstruction at the level of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). As a consequence of neural destruction the LES does not undergo normal swallow-induced relaxation. In addition, the esophageal body loses normal peristaltic function and esophageal emptying is on the basis of gravity. All therapies for achalasia are palliative in that normal LES or esophageal body function cannot be restored. The efficacy of any therapy for achalasia is directly related to its ability to reduce the outflow obstruction at the LES...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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