keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Individualized decision"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152598/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-comprehensive-breast-cancer-treatment-patient-decision-tool-icandecide
#1
Sarah T Hawley, Yun Li, L Alexandra Jeanpierre, Stefanie Goodell, Reshma Jagsi, Kevin C Ward, Michael S Sabel, Steven J Katz
Background: Patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer face a series of complex decisions regarding locoregional and systemic treatment. There is a need to improve the quality of locoregional and systemic decisions for breast cancer patients, and to help patients understand the role of evaluative tests in this decision process. We are now conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an online decision tool-called iCanDecide, which we expect will help patients with these difficult decisions...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148087/an-agent-based-model-of-evolving-community-flood-risk
#2
Gina L Tonn, Seth D Guikema
Although individual behavior plays a major role in community flood risk, traditional flood risk models generally do not capture information on how community policies and individual decisions impact the evolution of flood risk over time. The purpose of this study is to improve the understanding of the temporal aspects of flood risk through a combined analysis of the behavioral, engineering, and physical hazard aspects of flood risk. Additionally, the study aims to develop a new modeling approach for integrating behavior, policy, flood hazards, and engineering interventions...
November 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132985/validation-of-kdri-kdpi-for-the-selection-of-expanded-criteria-kidney-donors
#3
Juan Antonio Retamero Díaz, Mercedes Cava Molina, Belen M Cobacho Tornel, Juan Bravo Soto, Antonio Osuna Ortega, Francisco O'Valle Ravassa, Raimundo García Del Moral Garrido
INTRODUCTION: KDRI / KDPI are tools use in kidney donor evaluation. It has been proposed as a substitute of, or complementary to preimplantation renal biopsy. These scores has not been validated in Spain. OBJECTIVE: 1) To investigate the concordance between KDPI and histological scores (preimplantation renal biopsy) and 2) To assess the relationship between KDRI, KDPI and histological score on graft survival in the expanded criteria donors group. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective cohort study from 1 January 1998 until 31 December 2010...
November 10, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126361/a-survey-of-the-current-practice-of-intramuscular-botulinum-toxin-injections-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-in-the-uk
#4
Richard J Holmes, Louise A Connell
PURPOSE: To describe the current UK practice for the use of intramuscular Botulinum Toxin type A injections to treat hemiplegic shoulder pain. METHOD: A UK-based cross-sectional study using an online survey. Participants (n = 68) were medical and non-medical practitioners recruited via the membership of the British Society for Rehabilitation Medicine and the British Neurotoxin Network. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. RESULTS: The majority of respondents would consider Botulinum Toxin type A for hemiplegic shoulder pain (86...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118329/aortic-stiffness-improves-the-prediction-of-both-diagnosis-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Alexandra Yannoutsos, Mathieu Ahouah, Céline Dreyfuss Tubiana, Jirar Topouchian, Michel E Safar, Jacques Blacher
Elective coronography has low diagnostic yield for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). We aim to determine whether non-invasive aortic stiffness assessment improves diagnostic accuracy of CAD screening by reducing the number of false-positive results from the cardiac stress test. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2013 to September 2014 in our medical center. Electrocardiogram (ECG) stress test coupled with nuclear imaging was performed in 367 consecutive patients routinely followed for myocardial ischemia screening...
November 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102532/prospects-for-pro-environmental-protein-consumption-in-europe-cultural-culinary-economic-and-psychological-factors
#6
Joop de Boer, Harry Aiking
The current ratio between plant and animal protein in the Western diet is causing serious threats to both public health and the environment. Healthy, pro-environmental protein consumption requires a transition to a diet with more plant protein and considerably less animal protein. The present paper focuses on the prospects of this transition by analyzing consumer responses to some key options in the context of regional differences across Europe. The aim is to assess how responses to the options might be shaped by 1) cultural, culinary and economic spatial gradients (including GDP per capita) at regional level and 2) differences in environmental friendly behavior and gender at individual level...
November 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095951/perceptual-judgments-made-better-by-indirect-interactions-evidence-from-a-joint-localization-task
#7
Pavel Valeryevich Voinov, Natalie Sebanz, Günther Knoblich
Others' perceptual judgments tend to have strong effects on our own, and can improve perceptual judgments when task partners engage in communication. The present study investigated whether individuals benefit from others' perceptual judgments in indirect interactions, where outcomes of individual decisions can be observed in a shared environment. Participants located a target in a 2D projection of a 3D container either from two complementary viewpoints (Experiment 1), or from a single viewpoint (Experiment 2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093518/ant-droplet-dynamics-evolve-via-individual-decision-making
#8
Tomoko Sakiyama
The droplets of a set of ants were studied while they constructed a bridge. A droplet is a group of ants derived from a larger group. Several experimental studies have revealed the droplet dynamics of ants that resemble the self-organising characteristics that are displayed in their physico-chemical systems. However, little is known regarding how these typical behaviours emerge from individual decision-making. In this study, I developed an agent-based model where artificial ants aggregated, thereby resulting in chain and droplet growth...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061094/modelling-and-simulating-decision-processes-of-linked-lives-an-approach-based-on-concurrent-processes-and-stochastic-race
#10
Tom Warnke, Oliver Reinhardt, Anna Klabunde, Frans Willekens, Adelinde M Uhrmacher
Individuals' decision processes play a central role in understanding modern migration phenomena and other demographic processes. Their integration into agent-based computational demography depends largely on suitable support by a modelling language. We are developing the Modelling Language for Linked Lives (ML3) to describe the diverse decision processes of linked lives succinctly in continuous time. The context of individuals is modelled by networks the individual is part of, such as family ties and other social networks...
October 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056616/facilitating-meaningful-engagement-on-community-advisory-committees-in-patient-centered-outcome-research
#11
Gabrielle Kelly, Shi-Yi Wang, Georgina Lucas, Liana Fraenkel, Cary P Gross
BACKGROUND: Reflecting on the processes and practices used to engage community stakeholders in patient-centered outcome research strengthens participation at the project level and contributes more broadly to developing knowledge about effective participatory processes and methods. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a process evaluation of ongoing activities of a Patient Advisory Committee (PAC) formed around the development of an individualized decision aid for older women with early stage breast cancer...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044564/work-is-important-commentary-on-finn-et%C3%A2-al-2017-decisions-to-attend-and-drink-at-party-events-the-effects-of-incentives-and-disincentives-and-lifetime-alcohol-and-antisocial-problems
#12
Geert Dom
In their recent study Finn et al. explore the effect of contextual factors and antisocial problems in alcohol use decision making(Finn et al., 2017). Both their findings as well as the methodology they use are inspiring. First, the findings point to the importance of including alcohol-related context in task design when studying decision making processes in alcohol use disorders. This could potentially result in more accurate assessments of real life decision making, i.e. tapping into a more ecologically valid decision-making process than when using a single monetary risk or decision-making task...
October 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044205/gender-differences-in-behavioral-and-neural-responses-to-unfairness-under-social-pressure
#13
Li Zheng, Reipeng Ning, Lin Li, Chunli Wei, Xuemei Cheng, Chu Zhou, Xiuyan Guo
Numerous studies have revealed the key role of social pressure on individuals' decision-making processes. However, the impact of social pressure on unfairness-related decision-making processes remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated how social pressure modulated men's and women's responses in an ultimatum game. Twenty women and eighteen men played the ultimatum game as responders in the scanner, where fair and unfair offers were tendered by proposers acting alone (low pressure) or by proposers endorsed by three supporters (high pressure)...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033782/neural-correlates-of-direct-access-trading-in-a-real-stock-market-an-fmri-investigation
#14
GianMario Raggetti, Maria G Ceravolo, Lucrezia Fattobene, Cinzia Di Dio
Background: While financial decision making has been barely explored, no study has previously investigated the neural correlates of individual decisions made by professional traders involved in real stock market negotiations, using their own financial resources. Aim: We sought to detect how different brain areas are modulated by factors like age, expertise, psychological profile (speculative risk seeking or aversion) and, eventually, size and type (Buy/Sell) of stock negotiations, made through Direct Access Trading (DAT) platforms...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027318/imaging-and-pathology-features-to-predict-axillary-tumor-load-in-breast-cancer
#15
Pau Nicolau, Rocio Gamero, Ana Rodríguez-Arana, Francisco Plancarte, Rodrigo Alcántara, Ramon Carreras, Dolors Sabadell, Mar Vernet-Tomas
AIM: We investigated if imaging and pathology features could help to identify a high axillary tumor burden (ATB) in breast cancer patients, in order to individualize decisions on axillary lymph node (ALN) dissection (ALND). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients primarily treated with surgery in our unit between 2011 and 2014. We divided the patients in two groups: low ATB (LATB) if ≤ 2 ALN were infiltrated and high ATB (HATB) if > 2 ALN were infiltrated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025270/design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-decision-aid-to-promote-appropriate-screening-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Christine E Kistler, Carol Golin, Carolyn Morris, Alexandra F Dalton, Russell P Harris, Rowena Dolor, Renée M Ferrari, Noel T Brewer, Carmen L Lewis
BACKGROUND: Appropriate colorectal cancer screening in older adults should be aligned with the likelihood of net benefit. In general, patient decision aids improve knowledge and values clarity, but in older adults, they may also help patients identify their individual likelihood of benefit and foster individualized decision-making. We report on the design of a randomized clinical trial to understand the effects of a patient decision aid on appropriate colorectal cancer screening. This report includes a description of the baseline characteristics of participants...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017564/factors-influencing-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-mozambican-miners-a-socio-epidemiological-contribution-for-hiv-prevention-framework-in-mozambique
#17
Emilia Martins-Fonteyn, Osvaldo Loquiha, Cynthia Baltazar, Subash Thapa, Makini Boothe, Ines Raimundo, Niel Hens, Marc Aerts, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Information dealing with social and behavioural risk factors as well as their mechanisms among Mozambican migrants working in South African mines remains undocumented. This study aims to understand the various factors influencing HIV-related risk behaviours and the resulting HIV positive status of Mozambican miners employed by South African mines. This analysis was undertaken in order to inform a broader and more effective HIV preventive framework in Mozambique. METHOD: This study relied upon data sourced from the first Integrated Biological and Behavioural Survey among Mozambican miners earning their living in South African mines...
October 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973111/learning-predictive-statistics-from-temporal-sequences-dynamics-and-strategies
#18
Rui Wang, Yuan Shen, Peter Tino, Andrew E Welchman, Zoe Kourtzi
Human behavior is guided by our expectations about the future. Often, we make predictions by monitoring how event sequences unfold, even though such sequences may appear incomprehensible. Event structures in the natural environment typically vary in complexity, from simple repetition to complex probabilistic combinations. How do we learn these structures? Here we investigate the dynamics of structure learning by tracking human responses to temporal sequences that change in structure unbeknownst to the participants...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966574/learning-and-crf-induced-indecision-during-escape-and-submission-in-rainbow-trout-during-socially-aggressive-interactions-in-the-stress-alternatives-model
#19
Tangi R Summers, Torrie L Summers, Russ E Carpenter, Justin P Smith, Samuel L Young, Brandon Meyerink, T Zachary Orr, David H Arendt, Cliff H Summers
Socially stressful environments induce a phenotypic dichotomy of coping measures for populations in response to a dominant aggressor and given a route of egress. This submission- (Stay) or escape-oriented (Escape) dichotomy represents individual decision-making under the stressful influence of hostile social environments. We utilized the Stress-Alternatives Model (SAM) to explore behavioral factors which might predict behavioral phenotype in rainbow trout. The SAM is a compartmentalized tank, with smaller and larger trout separated by an opaque divider until social interaction, and another divider occluding a safety zone, accessible by way of an escape route only large enough for the smaller fish...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956713/efficacy-for-dealing-with-terrorism-precautionary-behavior-laying-the-groundwork-for-communication-effectiveness
#20
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck
In order to formulate effective communication and intervention strategies to respond to the widespread lack of preparedness for public health crises resulting from natural and human-made disasters, researchers have developed models describing the interrelationships between factors associated with emergency preparedness decisions. Empirical research has generally assumed that two key elements of most health behavior theories-self-efficacy and response efficacy-additively influence the decision to prepare, despite compelling theoretical rationale for an interactive relationship...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
keyword
keyword
92173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"