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Infectious disease hepatic failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704809/causative-factors-imaging-findings-and-ct-course-of-round-atelectasis
#1
Lea Azour, Tausif Billah, Mary M Salvatore, Matthew D Cham, David S Mendelson, Corey D Eber, Adam H Jacobi
OBJECTIVE: To assess causative factors, associated imaging findings, and CT course of round atelectasis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed CT reports for "round" or "rounded atelectasis" over a 5-year time frame. Patients with at least 2 CT scans a minimum of 6 months apart were included. Electronic medical records and clinical and imaging follow-up was reviewed for all cases. RESULTS: Study population included 50 individuals with mean age of 63 years, and 59 unique instances of RA...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551632/clinical-course-of-sporadic-acute-hepatitis-e-in-a-hepatitis-b-virus-endemic-region
#2
Li Liu, Di Xiao, Jin-Hong Yu, Rui Shen, Meng Wang, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVES: In China, the epidemic pattern of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has changed from waterborne outbreaks to foodborne sporadic cases. However, the clinical course of sporadic acute hepatitis E has not been well defined. METHODS: Consecutive AHE inpatients who were admitted to the Jinan Infectious Disease Hospital, Jinan, Shandong Province, between January 2003 and December 2014 were evaluated and followed. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, results of laboratory tests,and outcomes were recorded...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524528/the-prognostic-value-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-during-the-course-of-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis
#3
Thomas Sersté, Alexia Cornillie, Hassane Njimi, Marco Pavesi, Vicente Arroyo, Antonella Putignano, Laura Weichselbaum, Pierre Deltenre, Delphine Degré, Eric Trépo, Christophe Moreno, Thierry Gustot
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A better identification of factors predicting death is needed in alcoholic hepatitis (AH). Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) occurs during the course of liver disease and can be identified when AH is diagnosed (prevalent ACLF [pACLF]) or during follow-up (incidental ACLF [iACLF]). This study analyzed the impact of ACLF on outcomes in AH and the role of infection on the onset of ACLF and death. METHODS: Patients admitted from July 2006 to July 2015 suffering from biopsy-proven severe (s)AH with a Maddrey discriminant function (mDF) ≥32 were included...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498049/red-blood-cells-treated-with-the-amustaline-s-303-pathogen-reduction-system-a-transfusion-study-in-cardiac-surgery
#4
Veronika Brixner, Arndt-Holger Kiessling, Katharina Madlener, Markus M Müller, Johannes Leibacher, Sarah Dombos, Iuliia Weber, Hans-Ulrich Pfeiffer, Christof Geisen, Michael Schmidt, Reinhard Henschler, Anne North, Norman Huang, Nina Mufti, Anna Erickson, Christine Ernst, Salvador Rico, Richard J Benjamin, Laurence M Corash, Erhard Seifried
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid-targeted pathogen inactivation technology using amustaline (S-303) and glutathione (GSH) was developed to reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted infectious disease and transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease with red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled study was performed to assess the in vitro characteristics of amustaline-treated RBCs (test) compared with conventional (control) RBCs and to evaluate safety and efficacy of transfusion during and after cardiac surgery...
April 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390336/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-complicated-by-multiorgan-failure-a-case-report
#5
Federica Lovisari, Valeria Terzi, Monica G Lippi, Paolo R Brioschi, Roberto Fumagalli
RATIONALE: We present a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) with severe pulmonary complication and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) hospitalized in our intensive care unit (ICU) in 2014; distinctive trait of this case has been the challenging diagnosis, with a bone marrow biopsy always negative, the severe pulmonary complication with ARDS and severe pulmonary hypertension, and the ferritin temporal kinetics that precisely followed the clinical course of disease...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390152/acute-liver-failure-in-an-adolescent-male-induced-by-human-herpesvirus-6-hhv-6-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#6
Adam M Szewc, Steve Taylor, Gary D Cage, Jeffery Jacobsen, Ozlem Pinar Bulut, Daphne E de Mello
A previously healthy 11-year-old Caucasian boy presented with a 2-week history of nonspecific symptoms of nausea and nonbilious, nonbloody emesis. He developed significant jaundice and hepatic encephalopathy within 1 week of beginning symptoms and was discovered to have fulminant liver failure. Extensive work-ups for underlying etiologies included serologic evaluation for underlying chronic liver diseases, toxicology screening, inborn errors of metabolism, and infectious diseases. The results of the entire assessment were negative except for human herpesvirus 6B, which was detected in the liver by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical analysis...
March 21, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236915/prognostic-factors-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-associated-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#7
Qing Lei, Kangjian Ao, Yinhua Zhang, Deqiang Ma, Deping Ding, Changzheng Ke, Yue Chen, Jie Luo, Zhongji Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the baseline status of patients with hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure on short-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted that included a total of 138 patients with hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, from November 2013 to October 2016. The patients were divided into a poor prognosis group (74 patients) and a good prognosis group (64 patients) based on the disease outcome...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228966/estimating-the-prevalence-of-infectious-diseases-from-under-reported-age-dependent-compulsorily-notification-databases
#8
Marcos Amaku, Marcelo Nascimento Burattini, Eleazar Chaib, Francisco Antonio Bezerra Coutinho, David Greenhalgh, Luis Fernandez Lopez, Eduardo Massad
BACKGROUND: National or local laws, norms or regulations (sometimes and in some countries) require medical providers to report notifiable diseases to public health authorities. Reporting, however, is almost always incomplete. This is due to a variety of reasons, ranging from not recognizing the diseased to failures in the technical or administrative steps leading to the final official register in the disease notification system. The reported fraction varies from 9 to 99% and is strongly associated with the disease being reported...
December 12, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#9
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159718/genetics-and-epigenetics-in-the-pathogenesis-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#10
REVIEW
Satoru Joshita, Takeji Umemura, Eiji Tanaka, Masao Ota
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, slowly progressive cholestatic autoimmune liver disease predominantly afflicting women. PBC is characterized by the presence of disease-specific antimitochondrial antibodies and the histological destruction of intrahepatic bile ducts, which eventually lead to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Fortunately, ursodeoxycholic acid therapy has improved the outcome of the vast majority of PBC cases. Although the etiology of PBC has not yet been elucidated, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II alleles have been consistently associated with disease onset for decades...
February 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100896/liver-disease-and-heart-failure-back-and-forth
#11
REVIEW
Michele Correale, Nicola Tarantino, Rossella Petrucci, Lucia Tricarico, Irma Laonigro, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
In their clinical practice, physicians can face heart diseases (chronic or acute heart failure) affecting the liver and liver diseases affecting the heart. Systemic diseases can also affect both heart and liver. Therefore, it is crucial in clinical practice to identify complex interactions between heart and liver, in order to provide the best treatment for both. In this review, we sought to summarize principal evidence explaining the mechanisms and supporting the existence of this complicate cross-talk between heart and liver...
February 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992518/comprehensive-detection-of-viruses-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-liver-failure-using-next-generation-sequencing
#12
Takako Suzuki, Jun-Ichi Kawada, Yusuke Okuno, Satoshi Hayano, Kazuhiro Horiba, Yuka Torii, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Syuichiro Umetsu, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Ayano Inui, Yoshinori Ito
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) is a rare and severe syndrome that frequently requires liver transplantation. Viruses are one of the most frequent causes of this disease, however, pathogenic viruses are not determined in many patients. Recently next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been applied to comprehensively detect pathogens of infectious diseases of unknown etiology. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an NGS-based approach for detecting pathogenic viruses in patients with PALF or acute hepatitis of unknown etiology...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987189/diseases-of-the-peripheral-nerves
#13
REVIEW
Istvan Katona, Joachim Weis
This chapter reviews the diseases of the peripheral nerves from a neuropathologic point of view, with a special focus on specific morphologic changes, and includes a summary of the histopathologic methods available for their diagnosis. As the rate of obesity and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increase, diabetic neuropathy is the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy. Many systemic disorders with metabolic origin, like amyloidosis, hepatic failure, vitamin deficiencies, uremia, lipid metabolism disorders, and others, can also cause axonal or myelin alterations in the peripheral nervous system...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942621/current-status-and-strategies-for-the-control-of-viral-hepatitis-a-in-korea
#14
REVIEW
Eileen L Yoon, Dong Hyun Sinn, Hyun Woong Lee, Ji Hoon Kim
Hepatitis A virus is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne infection, which is closely associated with sanitary conditions and hygienic practices. The clinical spectrum of acute hepatitis A is wide, ranging from mild case without any noticeable symptoms to severe case with acute liver failure leading to mortality. The severity and outcome are highly correlated with age at infection. In developing countries, most people are infected in early childhood without significant symptom. Ironically, in area where sanitary condition has improved rapidly, adults who do not have immunity for viral hepatitis A (VH-A) in early childhood is accumulating...
September 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912916/acute-liver-failure-in-a-patient-travelling-from-asia-the-other-face-of-the-coin-of-infectious-disease
#15
Balen Abdulrahman, Mohamed H Ahmed, John Ramage
We present a case of a 63-year-old male who had travelled from South India to United Kingdom (UK) visiting relatives. He had developed episodes of diarrhea, vomiting and fevers while travelling and on assessment in hospital, mild abdominal distension was noted with rapid deterioration to hypovolemic shock. Initial blood test showed a low platelet count with deranged liver function tests (LFTs). It was noted that during admission to intensive care unit (ICU), blood continued to ooze from a previous surgical laparoscopy wound, central and arterial line access sites...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893942/kaposi-sarcoma-herpesvirus-pathogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Giuseppe Mariggiò, Sandra Koch, Thomas F Schulz
Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV), taxonomical name human gammaherpesvirus 8, is a phylogenetically old human virus that co-evolved with human populations, but is now only common (seroprevalence greater than 10%) in sub-Saharan Africa, around the Mediterranean Sea, parts of South America and in a few ethnic communities. KSHV causes three human malignancies, Kaposi sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and many cases of the plasmablastic form of multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) as well as occasional cases of plasmablastic lymphoma arising from MCD; it has also been linked to rare cases of bone marrow failure and hepatitis...
October 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868358/glycogenic-hepatopathy-a-complication-of-uncontrolled-diabetes
#17
Medha Satyarengga, Yelena Zubatov, Sylvaine Frances, Gopal Narayanswami, Rodolfo J Galindo
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of hepatomegaly and elevated transaminases in a patient with glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) as a complication of uncontrolled diabetes. METHODS: Clinical, laboratory, and pathological information are described. RESULTS: An 18-year-old male with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes and recurrent diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presented with abdominal distention and severe hyperglycemia. Physical examination revealed massive hepatomegaly...
2017: AACE Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571223/neonatal-hyperthyroidism-with-fulminant-liver-failure-a-case-report
#18
Mohammed Hasosah, Khalid Alsaleem, Mansour Qurashi, Abdullah Alzaben
Neonatal hyperthyroidism is a rare disease that is seen in infants born to mothers with Graves' disease. Hepatic manifestation of neonatal hyperthyroidism is extremely rare. We describe a neonate with fulminant liver failure secondary to neonatal hyperthyroidism caused by maternal Graves's disease. The baby was admitted with low birth weight and hepatosplenomegaly. At day 2 of life, the baby was irritable and he developed respiratory distress and fulminant hepatic failure which required mechanical ventilation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514703/bacterial-infections-and-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-liver-cirrhosis-prophylaxis-and-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Damian Piotrowski, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska
Infections are common among patients with liver cirrhosis. They occur more often in cirrhotic patient groups than in the general population and result in higher mortality. One reason for this phenomenon is bacterial translocation from the intestinal lumen that occurs as a consequence of intestinal bacterial overgrowth, increased permeability and decreased motility. The most common infections in cirrhotic patients are spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and urinary tract infections, followed by pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467997/treating-hepatitis-c-in-patients-with-renal-failure
#20
REVIEW
Sabela Lens, Sergio Rodriguez-Tajes, Laura-Patricia Llovet, Francisco Maduell, Maria-Carlota Londoño
BACKGROUND: There is a strong relationship between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the kidney. Approximately 10-16% of the patients with HCV infection develop renal disease, and the prevalence of HCV infection in patients with renal dysfunction is higher than that of the general population (9.5 vs. 1.6%). Moreover, HCV-positive patients on hemodialysis (HD) have higher mortality rates as compared to HCV-negative patients also on HD, not only due to liver-related complications but also owing to cardiovascular disease...
2017: Digestive Diseases
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