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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749604/a-simulation-of-dementia-epidemiology-and-resource-use-in-australia
#1
Lachlan B Standfield, Tracy Comans, Paul Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: The number of people in the developed world who have dementia is predicted to rise markedly. This study presents a validated predictive model to assist decision-makers to determine this population's future resource requirements and target scarce health and welfare resources appropriately. METHODS: A novel individual patient discrete event simulation was developed to estimate the future prevalence of dementia and related health and welfare resource use in Australia...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749577/prevalence-and-determinants-of-antibiotic-exposure-in-infants-a-population-derived-australian-birth-cohort-study
#2
Hayley Anderson, Peter Vuillermin, Kim Jachno, Katrina J Allen, Mimi Lk Tang, Fiona Collier, Andrew Kemp, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, David Burgner
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe antibiotic exposure in Australian infants during the first year of life, focusing on antibiotic class, indication, risk factors associated with exposure and comparison with international counterparts. METHODS: The Barwon Infant Study is a birth cohort study (n = 1074) with an unselected antenatal sampling frame from a large regional centre in Victoria, Australia. Longitudinal data on infection and medication were collected at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months by parental questionnaire and from general practitioner and hospital records...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749549/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-rituximab-in-patients-with-stiff-person-syndrome
#3
Marinos C Dalakas, Goran Rakocevic, James M Dambrosia, Harry Alexopoulos, Beverly McElroy
Objective In Stiff-Person Syndrome (SPS), an antibody-mediated impaired GABAergic neurotransmission is believed to cause muscle stiffness and spasms. Patients improve with GABA-enhancing drugs and IVIg, but several respond poorly and remain disabled. The need for more effective therapy prompted a trial with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. Methods This was a placebo-controlled randomized trial of rituximab (two bi-weekly infusions of 1gr each). The primary outcome was a change in stiffness scores at 6 months...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749547/comparing-the-lexical-similarity-of-the-triarchic-model-of-psychopathy-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathy
#4
Dylan T Gatner, Kevin S Douglas, Stephen D Hart
OBJECTIVE: The Triarchic model of psychopathy (Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009) posits that psychopathic personality comprises three domains: Boldness, Meanness, and Disinhibition. The present study aimed to clarify conceptual overlap between contemporary definitions of psychopathy, with particular emphasis given to the relevance of Boldness (i.e., social dominance, venturesomeness, emotional resiliency)-a topic of recent debate. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 439) compared the lexical similarity of Triarchic domains with two contemporary models of psychopathy: the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP; Cooke, Hart, Logan, & Michie, 2012) and Five Factor Model of psychopathy (FFM; Widiger & Lynam, 1998)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#5
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749526/adaptation-to-the-spanish-population-of-the-substance-use-risk-profile-scale-surps-and-psychometric-properties
#6
Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Antonio J Rojas-Tejada, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Óscar M Lozano-Rojas
The identification of different personality risk profiles for substance misuse is useful in preventing substance-related problems. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of a new version of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) for Spanish college students. Cross-sectional study with 455 undergraduate students from four Spanish universities. A new version of the SURPS, adapted to the Spanish population, was administered with the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749456/tumour-vaccines-personal-training-by-vaccination
#7
Ulrike Harjes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749454/the-association-of-low-penetrance-variants-in-dna-repair-genes-with-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Nikhil Aggarwal, Neil D Donald, Salim Malik, Subothini S Selvendran, Mark Jw McPhail, Kevin J Monahan
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 35% of colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is attributable to heritable factors known hereditary syndromes, accounting for 6%. The remainder may be due to lower penetrance polymorphisms particularly of DNA repair genes. DNA repair pathways, including base excision repair (BER), nucleotide excision repair (NER), mismatch repair (MMR), direct reversal repair (DRR), and double-strand break repair are complex, evolutionarily conserved, and critical in carcinogenesis. Germline mutations in these genes are associated with high-penetrance CRC syndromes such as Lynch syndrome...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749410/awareness-of-the-risk-of-exposure-to-infectious-material-and-the-behaviors-of-polish-paramedics-with-respect-to-the-hazards-from-blood-borne-pathogens-a-nationwide-study
#9
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Franciszek Szatko
(1) Background: To determine paramedics' frequency of contact with blood and other body fluids, as well as the analysis of knowledge of paramedics about blood-borne infections, their attitudes to patients infected with blood-borne viruses, and the post-exposure procedures implemented by paramedics; (2) Methods: An anonymous questionnaire among 190 paramedics working in various health care facilities in Poland (adjusted response rate, 76.3%); (3) Results: 78% of paramedics had contact with potentially infectious material at least several times a week...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749388/playing-soft-with-tough-players-controlling-adverse-drug-effects-while-tuning-antiepileptic-drugs-epilepsy-the-person
#10
Dejan Stevanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749320/reliability-of-heart-rate-mobile-apps-in-young-healthy-adults-exploratory-study-and-research-directions
#11
Maria Parpinel, Laura Scherling, Stefano Lazzer, Vincenzo Della Mea
BACKGROUND: Recently, a number of smartphone apps appeared that allow for heart rate measurements basing on the photoplethysmography principle. In fact, almost every smartphone now has a camera with flash that could be used for that. Some studies appeared on the reliability of some of those apps, with heterogeneous results. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims at adding up evidence in particular during physical activity, by comparing 3 apps on two different platforms (IOs and Android), on a broad range of heart rates...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749247/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-hygiene-promotion-program-in-a-rural-salvadoran-setting
#12
Elizabeth L Andrade, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Kathryn L Zoerhoff, Emily M Putzer
There has been considerable progress in the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five through health and nutrition interventions. However, diarrheal disease is still the second leading cause of child death worldwide. There is growing recognition that comprehensive hygiene behavior improvements should be integral to prevention efforts, but the effectiveness of different approaches for hygiene promotion is still being established. Hygiene risk practices vary across settings, suggesting that prevention strategies should be adapted to local contexts using community-based approaches...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#13
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749178/validation-and-recalibration-of-the-framingham-cardiovascular-disease-risk-models-in-an-australian-indigenous-cohort
#14
Xinyang Hua, Robyn McDermott, Thomas Lung, Mark Wenitong, An Tran-Duy, Ming Li, Philip Clarke
Background In Australia, clinical guidelines for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease recommend the use of the Framingham model to help identify those at high risk of developing the disease. However, this model has not been validated for the Indigenous population. Design Cohort study. Methods Framingham models were applied to the Well Person's Health Check (WPHC) cohort (followed 1998-2014), which included 1448 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders from remote Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749161/self-employment-personal-values-and-varieties-of-happiness-unhappiness
#15
Peter Warr
This study compares personal values and forms of happiness between self-employed workers and those employed in an organization. Values are examined through Schwartz's (1999) established model, and happiness is measured in terms of personal flourishing and both job-specific and general hedonic well-being. In two nationally representative samples, self-employed workers are found to value self-direction and stimulation in their lives to a significantly greater degree than do organizational employees, but not to differ in other types of value...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749156/employee-conscientiousness-agreeableness-and-supervisor-justice-rule-compliance-a-three-study-investigation
#16
Jason L Huang, Russell Cropanzano, Andrew Li, Ping Shao, Xin-An Zhang, Yuhui Li
Researchers have paid limited attention to what makes organizational authority figures decide to treat their employees either justly or unjustly. Drawing from the actor-focused model of justice, as well as the stereotype content model, we argue that employee conscientiousness and agreeableness can impact the extent to which supervisors adhere to normative rules for distributive, procedural, informational, and interpersonal justice, as a result of supervisors' evaluations of their employees' effort and their liking of the employees...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749149/diversity-shrinkage-cross-validating-pareto-optimal-weights-to-enhance-diversity-via-hiring-practices
#17
Q Chelsea Song, Serena Wee, Daniel A Newman
To reduce adverse impact potential and improve diversity outcomes from personnel selection, one promising technique is De Corte, Lievens, and Sackett's (2007) Pareto-optimal weighting strategy. De Corte et al.'s strategy has been demonstrated on (a) a composite of cognitive and noncognitive (e.g., personality) tests (De Corte, Lievens, & Sackett, 2008) and (b) a composite of specific cognitive ability subtests (Wee, Newman, & Joseph, 2014). Both studies illustrated how Pareto-weighting (in contrast to unit weighting) could lead to substantial improvement in diversity outcomes (i...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#18
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749063/patients-as-rights-holders
#19
Johan Brännmark
Autonomy and consent have been central values in Western moral and political thought for centuries. One way of understanding the bioethical models that started to develop, especially in the 1970s, is that they were about the fusion of a long-standing professional ethics with the core values underpinning modern political institutions. That there was a need for this kind of fusion is difficult to dispute, especially since the provision of health care has in most developed countries become an ever more important concern of our political institutions, with governments playing a significant role in regulating and facilitating the provision of health care and in many countries even largely organizing it...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748998/-paul-c%C3%A3-zanne-the-lonely-precursor-of-modern-painting
#20
Marcelo Miranda
Paul Cézanne is an acknowledged pioneer of modern painting. His work was poorly recognized during most of his solitary life. He progressively withdrew from people and society during his life, in part due to his introverted personality and a supreme effort to obtain a unique form of expression of his art, in which nature and its inner secrets played a pivotal role. In this review, we discuss aspects of his life and art, his pathological personal relationships and how they influenced his transcendental work.
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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