keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AMPK AND metformin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142469/hypothermic-machine-perfusion-with-metformin-university-of-wisconsin-solution-for-ex-vivo-preservation-of-standard-and-marginal-liver-grafts-in-a-rat-model
#1
Yi-Chao Chai, Guo-Xin Dang, Hai-Qi He, Jian-Hua Shi, Hong-Ke Zhang, Rui-Tao Zhang, Bo Wang, Liang-Shuo Hu, Yi Lv
AIM: To compare the effect of University of Wisconsin (UW) solution with or without metformin, an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, for preserving standard and marginal liver grafts of young and aged rats ex vivo by hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP). METHODS: Eighteen young (4 mo old) and 18 aged (17 mo old) healthy male SD rats were selected and randomly divided into three groups: control group, UW solution perfusion group (UWP), and UW solution with metformin perfusion group (MUWP)...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128163/depsidone-and-xanthones-from-garcinia-xanthochymus-with-hypoglycemic-activity-and-the-mechanism-of-promoting-glucose-uptake-in-l6-myotubes
#2
Yunfang Li, Ping Zhao, Yu Chen, Yanze Fu, Kuan Shi, Liu Liu, Hui Liu, Mingrui Xiong, Qing-Hua Liu, Guangzhong Yang, Yuxiu Xiao
Garcinia xanthochymus is a widely used folk medicine in southwestern China. Previous studies indicated it possesses potential anti-diabetic activities both in vitro (Fu et al., 2014; Nguyen et al., 2017) and in vivo (Shivanand et al., 2017). To discover bioactive ingredients from it and unveil their mechanism of action against diabetes, the present study was designed to isolate constituents from extract of G. xanthochymus, determine their structures, screen their activities and investigate mechanism of action of the active substances...
November 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126698/hybrid-drug-combination-combination-of-ferulic-acid-and-metformin-as-anti-diabetic-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Rakesh Nankar, P K Prabhakar, Mukesh Doble
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ferulic acid, an anti-oxidant phytochemical present in several dietary components, is known to produce wide range of pharmacological effects. It is approved for use in food industry as a preservative and in sports food. Previous reports from our lab have shown synergistic interaction of ferulic acid with metformin in cell lines and diabetic rats. The purpose of this review is to compile information about anti-diabetic activity of ferulic acid in in vitro and in vivo models with special emphasis on activity of ferulic acid when combined with metformin...
October 24, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122080/role-of-adenosine-monophosphate-activated-protein-kinase-on-cell-migration-matrix-contraction-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-production-in-nasal-polyp-derived-fibroblasts
#4
Ji-Young Um, Seoung-Ae Lee, Joo-Hoo Park, Jae-Min Shin, Il-Ho Park, Heung-Man Lee
PURPOSE: Activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) by metformin, as a master regulator of metabolism, is involved in airway tissue remodeling. Here, we investigated the physical role of AMPK on cell migration, matrix contraction, and the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in nasal polyp-derived fibroblasts (NPDF). METHODS: Primary NPDFs from six patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps were isolated and cultured...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111280/akt-activation-a-potential-strategy-to-ameliorate-insulin-resistance
#5
REVIEW
Zhengyi Zhang, Huadong Liu, Jiankang Liu
Insulin resistance is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes and obesity while the mechanism remains unclear. Current therapy to treat type 2 diabetes is metformin, the 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, owing to the ability to augment peripheral glucose uptake. However, metformin also displays limitations, as AMPK activation remains intact and regular in most type 2 diabetes and metformin does not seem to facilitate peripheral insulin resistance. Evidence has shown that PI3K-Akt/PKB pathway could be induced via insulin and act as an important effector...
October 27, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106036/inhibition-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-improves-glucose-metabolism-independently-of-ampk-activation
#6
Wo-Lin Hou, Jun Yin, Miriayi Alimujiang, Xue-Ying Yu, Li-Gen Ai, Yu-Qian Bao, Fang Liu, Wei-Ping Jia
Accumulating evidences showed metformin and berberine, well-known glucose-lowering agents, were able to inhibit mitochondrial electron transport chain at complex I. In this study, we aimed to explore the antihyperglycaemic effect of complex I inhibition. Rotenone, amobarbital and gene silence of NDUFA13 were used to inhibit complex I. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test and insulin tolerance test were performed in db/db mice. Lactate release and glucose consumption were measured to investigate glucose metabolism in HepG2 hepatocytes and C2C12 myotubes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100387/metabolic-modulation-of-ewing-sarcoma-cells-inhibits-tumor-growth-and-stem-cell-properties
#7
Atreyi Dasgupta, Matteo Trucco, Nino Rainusso, Ronald J Bernardi, Ryan Shuck, Lyazat Kurenbekova, David M Loeb, Jason T Yustein
Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a highly aggressive and metabolically active malignant tumor. Metabolic activity can broadly be characterized by features of glycolytic activity and oxidative phosphorylation. We have further characterized metabolic features of EWS cells to identify potential therapeutic targets. EWS cells had significantly more glycolytic activity compared to their non-malignant counterparts. Thus, metabolic inhibitors of glycolysis such as 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) and of the mitochondrial respiratory pathway, such as metformin, were evaluated as potential therapeutic agents against a panel of EWS cell lines in vitro...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099085/eburicoic-acid-a-triterpenoid-compound-from-antrodia-camphorata-displays-antidiabetic-and-antihyperlipidemic-effects-in-palmitate-treated-c2c12-myotubes-and-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#8
Cheng-Hsiu Lin, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Chun-Ching Shih
This study was designed to investigate the antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects and mechanisms of eburicoic acid (TRR); one component of Antrodia camphorata in vitro and in an animal model for 14 weeks. Expression levels of membrane glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4); phospho-5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/total AMPK; and phospho-Akt/total-Akt in insulin-resistant C2C12 myotube cells were significantly decreased by palmitate; and such decrease was prevented and restored by TRR at different concentrations...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094287/targeting-ampk-mtor-and-%C3%AE-catenin-by-combined-metformin-and-aspirin-therapy-in-hcc-an-appraisal-in-egyptian-hcc-patients
#9
Doaa Ali Abdelmonsif, Ahmed S Sultan, Wessam F El-Hadidy, Dina Mohamed Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an expanding health problem with a great impact on morbidity and mortality, both in Egypt and worldwide. Recently, metformin and aspirin showed a potential anticancer effect on HCC, although the mechanism of this effect is not fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The current work aimed to investigate the possibility of targeting AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and β-catenin proteins through combined metformin/aspirin treatment in the HepG2 cell line, and to explore such molecular targets in Egyptian HCC patients...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080400/aging-and-stem-cell-therapy-ampk-as-an-applicable-pharmacological-target-for-rejuvenation-of-aged-stem-cells-and-achieving-higher-efficacy-in-stem-cell-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Mohammadhossein Khorraminejad-Shirazi, Mohammad Farahmandnia, Bahareh Kardeh, Alireza Estedlal, Sina Kardeh, Ahmad Monabati
In recent years, tissue regeneration has become a promising field for developing stem cell-based transplantation therapies for human patients. Adult stem cells are affected by the same aging mechanisms that involve somatic cells. One of the mechanisms involved in cellular aging is hyperactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and disruption of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Aging of stem cells results in their impaired regenerative capacity and depletion of stem cell pools in adult tissue, which results in lower efficacy of stem cell therapy...
October 19, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080083/evaluation-of-metformin-effects-in-the-chronic-phase-of-spontaneous-seizures-in-pilocarpine-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Soraya Mehrabi, Nima Sanadgol, Mahmood Barati, Ali Shahbazi, Gelareh Vahabzadeh, Mitra Barzroudi, Morteza Seifi, Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi, Fereshteh Golab
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common form of drug-resistant epilepsy that sometimes responds to dietary manipulation such as the 'ketogenic diet'. Here we have investigated the effects of metformin in the rat pilocaroin model of TLE. Male rats were treated with intra peritoneal injection of pilocarpine hydrochloride, in dose of 360 mg/kg to induce status epilepticus (SE). At 45 day after induction of SE, metformin was injected intraperitoneally in dose of 250 mg/kg/day for 5 days. We show that metformin potently reduces the progression of seizures and blocks seizure-induced over-expression of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, Tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB)...
October 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073599/combination-of-solamargine-and-metformin-strengthens-igfbp1-gene-expression-through-inactivation-of-stat3-and-reciprocal-interaction-between-foxo3a-and-sp1
#12
Qing Tang, Fang Zheng, JingJing Wu, Qian Xiao, Liuning Li, Swei Sunny Hann
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Solamargine, one natural photochemical component from traditional plants, has been shown to have anti-cancers properties. We previously showed that solamargine inhibited the growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells through suppression of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptor EP4 gene and regulation of downstream signaling pathways. However, the detailed mechanism underlying this, especially in combination of metformin, a known AMPK activator, still remained to be determined...
October 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066174/attenuation-of-cd4-cd25-regulatory-t-cells-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-by-metformin-a-type-2-diabetes-drug
#13
Yuki Kunisada, Shingo Eikawa, Nahoko Tomonobu, Shohei Domae, Takenori Uehara, Shohei Hori, Yukihiro Furusawa, Koji Hase, Akira Sasaki, Heiichiro Udono
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg), an essential subset for preventing autoimmune diseases, is implicated as a negative regulator in anti-tumor immunity. We found that metformin (Met) reduced tumor-infiltrating Treg (Ti-Treg), particularly the terminally-differentiated CD103(+)KLRG1(+) population, and also decreased effector molecules such as CTLA4 and IL-10. Met inhibits the differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells into inducible Treg (iTreg) by reducing forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) protein, caused by mTORC1 activation that was determined by the elevation of phosphorylated S6 (pS6), a downstream molecule of mTORC1...
November 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059169/metformin-regulates-global-dna-methylation-via-mitochondrial-one-carbon-metabolism
#14
E Cuyàs, S Fernández-Arroyo, S Verdura, R Á-F García, J Stursa, L Werner, E Blanco-González, M Montes-Bayón, J Joven, B Viollet, J Neuzil, J A Menendez
The anti-diabetic biguanide metformin may exert health-promoting effects via metabolic regulation of the epigenome. Here we show that metformin promotes global DNA methylation in non-cancerous, cancer-prone and metastatic cancer cells by decreasing S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), a strong feedback inhibitor of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent DNA methyltransferases, while promoting the accumulation of SAM, the universal methyl donor for cellular methylation. Using metformin and a mitochondria/complex I (mCI)-targeted analog of metformin (norMitoMet) in experimental pairs of wild-type and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-, serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2)- and mCI-null cells, we provide evidence that metformin increases the SAM:SAH ratio-related methylation capacity by targeting the coupling between serine mitochondrial one-carbon flux and CI activity...
October 23, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032153/metformin-overcomes-high-glucose-induced-insulin-resistance-of-podocytes-by-pleiotropic-effects-on-sirt1-and-ampk
#15
Dorota Rogacka, Irena Audzeyenka, Michał Rychłowski, Patrycja Rachubik, Maria Szrejder, Stefan Angielski, Agnieszka Piwkowska
Podocyte insulin sensitivity is critical for glomerular function, and the loss of appropriate insulin signaling leads to alterations and disorders featuring diabetic nephropathy. Energy-sensing pathways, such as AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) and protein deacetylase SIRT1, have been shown to play an important role in insulin resistance. The absence of a stimulating effect of insulin on glucose uptake into podocytes after exposure to hyperglycemic conditions has been demonstrated to be related to a decreased level and activity of SIRT1 protein, leading to reduced AMPK phosphorylation...
October 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027899/metformin-extends-c-elegans-lifespan-through-lysosomal-pathway
#16
Jie Chen, Yuhui Ou, Yi Li, Shumei Hu, Li-Wa Shao, Ying Liu
Metformin, a widely used first-line drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), has been shown to extend lifespan and delay the onset of age-related diseases. However, its primary locus of action remains unclear. Using a pure in vitro reconstitution system, we demonstrate that metformin acts through the v-ATPase-Ragulator lysosomal pathway to coordinate mTORC1 and AMPK, two hubs governing metabolic programs. We further show in Caenorhabditis elegans that both v-ATPase-mediated TORC1 inhibition and v-ATPase-AXIN/LKB1-mediated AMPK activation contribute to the lifespan extension effect of metformin...
October 13, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025968/activation-of-ampk-mtorc1-mediated-autophagy-by-metformin-reverses-clk1-deficiency-sensitized-dopaminergic-neuronal-death
#17
Qiuting Yan, Chaojun Han, Guanghui Wang, John L Waddington, Longtai Zheng, Xuechu Zhen
The autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) plays a critical role in the pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Clk1 (coq7) is a mitochondrial hydroxylase that is essential for Coenzyme Q (ubiquinone) biosynthesis. We have reported previously that Clk1 regulates microglia activation via modulating microglia metabolic reprogramming, which contributes to dopaminergic neuronal survival. This study explored the direct effect of Clk1 on dopaminergic neuronal survival. We demonstrated that Clk1 deficiency inhibited dopaminergic neuronal autophagy in cultured MN9D dopaminergic neurons and in SNc of Clk+/- mutant mice and consequently sensitized dopaminergic neuron damage and behavioral defects...
October 12, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025860/negative-regulation-of-trpa1-by-amp-activated-protein-kinase-in-primary-sensory-neurons-as-a-potential-mechanism-of-painful-diabetic-neuropathy
#18
Shenglan Wang, Kimiko Kobayashi, Yoko Kogure, Hiroki Yamanaka, Satoshi Yamamoto, Hideshi Yagi, Koichi Noguchi, Yi Dai
AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a widely expressed intracellular energy sensor that monitors and modulates energy expenditure. Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel is a widely recognized chemical and thermal sensor that plays vital roles in pain transduction. Here, we discovered a functional link between AMPK and TRPA1 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, in which AMPK activation rapidly resulted in downregulation of membrane-associated TRPA1 and its channel activity within minutes...
October 12, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993280/antidiabetic-activities-of-entagenic-acid-in-type-2-diabetic-db-db-mice-and-l6-myotubes-via-ampk-glut4-pathway
#19
Hui Xiong, Shengnan Zhang, Zhongqiu Zhao, Ping Zhao, Lvyi Chen, Zhinan Mei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr., a traditional Chinese folk medicine, has been used in treating diabetes and other inflammatory disorders. Our previous study revealed that the triterpene saponins in E.Phaseoloides possessed an antidiabetic effect in type 2 diabetic rats by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Entagenic acid, the principal aglycon, isolated from the seed kernels of E. phaseoloides, has been proposed to possess a significant role in the antidiabetic effect, however, its actual effect and pertinent mechanisms are still unknown...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991159/rosmarinic-acid-a-rosemary-extract-polyphenol-increases-skeletal-muscle-cell-glucose-uptake-and-activates-ampk
#20
Filip Vlavcheski, Madina Naimi, Brennan Murphy, Tomas Hudlicky, Evangelia Tsiani
Skeletal muscle is a major insulin-target tissue and plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. Impaired insulin action in muscles leads to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. 5' AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor, its activation increases glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and AMPK activators have been viewed as a targeted approach in combating insulin resistance. We previously reported AMPK activation and increased muscle glucose uptake by rosemary extract (RE). In the present study, we examined the effects and the mechanism of action of rosmarinic acid (RA), a major RE constituent, in L6 rat muscle cells...
October 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
92145
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"