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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936227/epidemiology-of-trichomoniasis-in-south-korea-and-increasing-trend-in-incidence-health-insurance-review-and-assessment-2009-2014
#1
So-Young Joo, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Jae-Sook Ryu, Sang-Eun Lee, Won Kee Lee, Dong-Il Chung, Yeonchul Hong
Trichomoniasis, which is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, is one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections; however, limited population-based data are available that describe patterns and trends of the disease. We summarized insurance claims of trichomoniasis cases reported during 2009-2014 to South Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. The average annual incidence in South Korea was 276.8 persons per 100,000 population, and a substantial sex-associated variation was observed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936092/the-association-between-sexually-transmitted-infections-length-of-service-and-other-demographic-factors-in-the-u-s-military
#2
Robert Deiss, Richard J Bower, Edgie Co, Octavio Mesner, Jose L Sanchez, Jennifer Masel, Anuradha Ganesan, Grace E Macalino, Brian K Agan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have found higher rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among military personnel than the general population, but the cumulative risk of acquiring STIs throughout an individual's military career has not been described. METHODS: Using ICD-9 diagnosis codes, we analyzed the medical records of 100,005 individuals from all service branches, divided in equal cohorts (n = 6,667) between 1997 and 2011. As women receive frequent STI screening compared to men, these groups were analyzed separately...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936071/foot-conditions-among-homeless-persons-a-systematic-review
#3
Matthew J To, Thomas D Brothers, Colin Van Zoost
INTRODUCTION: Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), and CINAHL (1982-2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Articles that described foot conditions in homeless persons or associated interventions were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935941/objectives-and-design-of-bleeds-a-cohort-study-to-identify-new-risk-factors-and-predictors-for-major-bleeding-during-treatment-with-vitamin-k-antagonists
#4
Nienke van Rein, Willem M Lijfering, Mettine H A Bos, Martien H Herruer, Helga W Vermaas, Felix J M van der Meer, Pieter H Reitsma
BACKGROUND: Risk scores for patients who are at high risk for major bleeding complications during treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) do not perform that well. BLEEDS was initiated to search for new biomarkers that predict bleeding in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the outline and objectives of BLEEDS and to examine whether the study population is generalizable to other VKA treated populations. METHODS: A cohort was created consisting of all patients starting VKA treatment at three Dutch anticoagulation clinics between January-2012 and July-2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935525/association-of-dietary-protein-and-dairy-intakes-and-change-in-renal-function-results-from-the-population-based-longitudinal-doetinchem-cohort-study
#5
Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Sander Biesbroek, Wm Monique Verschuren, Coen DA Stehouwer, Ron T Gansevoort, Stephan Jl Bakker, Annemieke Mw Spijkerman
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that protein from dairy may be less detrimental to renal health than protein from nondairy products. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have used cystatin C-based measures of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of sources of protein and dairy with the change in the eGFR in persons with a normal or mildly decreased eGFR. DESIGN: We included 3798 participants, aged 26-65 y, from the Doetinchem Cohort study who were examined ≥3 times 5 y apart...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933686/risk-of-incident-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-south-korea
#6
S N Hong, H J Kim, K H Kim, S-J Han, I M Ahn, H S Ahn
BACKGROUND: The low incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and lack of adequate controls have prevented researchers from estimating tuberculosis (TB) risk in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. AIM: To evaluate the risk of incident TB among IBD patients. METHODS: Using the 2011-2013 data of the South Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) system, we calculated the incidence rates (IRs), standardised incidence ratio (SIR) and number needed to screen (NNS) for incident TB in IBD patients compared to the general population in terms of subtype, age, gender and IBD medications...
January 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933566/fracture-incidence-rates-in-norwegian-children-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#7
Tore Christoffersen, Luai A Ahmed, Anne Winther, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Elaine Dennison, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman, Nina Emaus
: This study describes childhood fracture rates in Norway, a country known for high fracture rates in the adult population. Fracture rates correspond with other reports from Scandinavia, although with a slightly higher proportion in girls. Indications of increased vulnerability during stages of puberty require further exploration. INTRODUCTION: Fractures are common injuries during childhood. Incidence rates and patterns vary, but population-based data are scarce...
December 2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933516/costs-of-diabetes-medication-among-male-former-elite-athletes-in-later-life
#8
M K Laine, R Kujala, J G Eriksson, H Kautiainen, S Sarna, U M Kujala
AIMS: Regular physical activity plays a major role, in both prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Less is known whether vigorous physical activity during young adulthood is associated with costs of diabetes medication in later life. The aim of this study is to evaluate this question. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1314 former elite-class athletes and 860 matched controls. The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933209/prevalence-and-incidence-of-gout-in-southern-sweden-from-the-socioeconomic-perspective
#9
Meliha C Kapetanovic, Mohaned Hameed, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Tuhina Neogi, Tore Saxne, Lennart Jacobsson, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and cumulative incidence of gout in southern Sweden with respect to socioeconomic status. METHODS: Among residents of Skåne region in the year 2013 (total population 1.3 million), adult persons (age 18 years +) who between 1998 and 2013 received a diagnosis of gout (International Classification of Disease 10th Edition (ICD-10) code M10) by any physician were identified using the Skåne Healthcare Register. We calculated the point prevalence by end of 2013 and annual cumulative incidence in 2013 standardised to the whole Skåne population according to sex, individual information on occupation (white collar/blue collar), income (low/middle/high) and level of education (primary school/high school/university)...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933200/age-specific-and-sex-specific-incidence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-estimate-from-cross-sectional-claims-data-of-2-3-million-people-in-the-german-statutory-health-insurance-2002
#10
Ralph Brinks, Annika Hoyer, Sergej Weber, Rebecca Fischer-Betz, Oliver Sander, Jutta G Richter, Gamal Chehab, Matthias Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To provide an estimate of age-specific incidence rate of physician-diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for German men and women. METHODS: The age-specific and sex-specific prevalence of diagnosed SLE in claims data is used to estimate the incidence in the German male and female population. The claims data set stems from a representative sample of the statutory health insurance in 2002 and comprises 2.3 million people. The statutory health insurance covers >85% of the German population...
2016: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933187/validation-of-the-german-diabetes-risk-score-among-the-general-adult-population-findings-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-surveys
#11
Rebecca Paprott, Kristin Mühlenbruch, Gert B M Mensink, Silke Thiele, Matthias B Schulze, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Christin Heidemann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the German Diabetes Risk Score (GDRS) among the general adult German population for prediction of incident type 2 diabetes and detection of prevalent undiagnosed diabetes. METHODS: The longitudinal sample for prediction of incident diagnosed type 2 diabetes included 3625 persons who participated both in the examination survey in 1997-1999 and the examination survey in 2008-2011. Incident diagnosed type 2 diabetes was defined as first-time physician diagnosis or antidiabetic medication during 5 years of follow-up excluding potential incident type 1 and gestational diabetes...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#12
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933066/functionally-diverse-nk-like-t-cells-are-effectors-and-predictors-of-successful-aging
#13
REVIEW
Joshua J Michel, Patricia Griffin, Abbe N Vallejo
The fundamental challenge of aging and long-term survivorship is maintenance of functional independence and compression of morbidity despite a life history of disease. Inasmuch as immunity is a determinant of individual health and fitness, unraveling novel mechanisms of immune homeostasis in late life is of paramount interest. Comparative studies of young and old persons have documented age-related atrophy of the thymus, the contraction of diversity of the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, and the intrinsic inefficiency of classical TCR signaling in aged T cells...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932553/normalization-matters-tracking-the-best-strategy-for-sperm-mirna-quantification
#14
Celia Corral-Vazquez, Joan Blanco, Albert Salas-Huetos, Francesca Vidal, Ester Anton
STUDY QUESTION: What is the most reliable normalization strategy for sperm microRNA (miRNA) quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reactions (qRT-PCR) using singleplex assays? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of the average expression of hsa-miR-100-5p and hsa-miR-30a-5p as sperm miRNA qRT-PCR data normalizer is suggested as an optimal strategy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mean-centering methods are the most reliable normalization strategies for miRNA high-throughput expression analyses...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932365/danish-register-based-study-on-the-association-between-specific-antipsychotic-drugs-and-fractures-in-elderly-individuals
#15
Maia Torstensson, Katja Leth-Møller, Charlotte Andersson, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Ellen Astrid Holm
BACKGROUND: antipsychotic drugs (APs) have been associated with falls and fractures in elderly individuals but limited knowledge on specific drugs exist. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between individual APs and fractures in elderly persons. DESIGN AND SETTING: nationwide register-based cohort study. SUBJECTS: all Danish individuals aged ≥65 who had not been in treatment with any AP in the year before inclusion...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931948/nonmissile-penetrating-head-injuries-nphis-surgical-management-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Xi-Sheng Li, Jun Yan, Chang Liu, Yu Luo, Xing-Sheng Liao, Liang Yu, Shao-Wen Xiao
BACKGROUND: Nonmissile penetrating head injuries (NPHIs) in the civilian population are rare but with potentially fatal features. While numerous cases have been reported in the literature, the surgical management of such injuries is still ambiguous, especially with surgical techniques updating. Here we will illustrate 5 cases of NPHIs managed with different surgical techniques and review the literature on surgical treatment of these injuries to outline the appropriate management for these patients from neurosurgical perspective...
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931909/the-big-five-personality-dimensions-and-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-alexithymia
#17
Mohammad Atari, Mahsa Yaghoubirad
The role of personality constructs on mental health has attracted research attention in the last few decades. The Big Five personality traits have been introduced as parsimonious dimensions of non-pathological traits. The five-factor model of personality includes neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness to experience. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the Big Five dimensions and mental health considering the mediating role of alexithymia as an important emotional-processing construct...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931563/brazilian-healthcare-professionals-a-study-of-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#18
C Araujo, M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a crucial role in organ donation and transplantation processes. Their attitude toward organ donation can affect public opinion and the donation decision made by deceased donors' relatives. The objectives of the study were to analyze the attitude of medical and nursing personnel toward deceased organ donation in two hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the factors that can affect this attitude. METHODS: A random sample (n = 162) was selected from the population of nurses and physicians in the hospitals analyzed...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931336/risk-of-tuberculosis-during-pregnancy-in-mongolia-a-high-incidence-setting-with-low-hiv-prevalence
#19
N L Rendell, N Batjargal, N Jadambaa, C C Dobler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology and the relative risk of tuberculosis (TB) in pregnant women in Mongolia, a high TB incidence setting with a low rate of human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, where active case finding for TB in pregnancy is implemented. DESIGN: We retrospectively collected data on pregnant women diagnosed with TB during 2013. Data were collected through doctors at central TB dispensaries who extracted the relevant information from patients' clinical records...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930890/within-session-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Todd Anthony Astorino, Jacob S Thum
AIM: Completion of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake and health status, yet its feasibility in persons with spinal cord injury is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables between two interval training regimes and moderate intensity exercise. METHOD: Nine adults with spinal cord injury (duration = 6.8 ± 6.2 year) initially underwent determination of peak oxygen uptake...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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