keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personalized population

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#1
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#2
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088461/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-alcoholic-liver-disease-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-or-liver-failure-on-the-waitlist-for-liver-transplantation
#3
David Goldberg, Ivo C Ditah, Kia Saeian, Mona Lalehzari, Andrew Aronsohn, Emmanuel C Gorospe, Michael Charlton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Concurrent to development of more effective drugs for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV), infection, there has been an increase in the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Data indicate that liver transplantation prolongs survival times of patient with acute hepatitis associated with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We compared data on disease prevalence in the population with data from liver transplantation waitlists to evaluate changes in the burden of liver disease in the United States...
January 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088047/sliding-doors-did-drama-based-inter-professional-education-improve-the-tensions-round-person-centred-nursing-and-social-care-delivery-for-people-with-dementia-a-mixed-method-exploratory-study
#4
Lindsay Dingwall, Jane Fenton, Timothy B Kelly, John Lee
This educational intervention takes place when the population of older people with dementia is increasing. Health and Social care professionals must work jointly in increasingly complex contexts. Negative attitudes towards older people are cited as a contributor to poor care delivery, including the use of dismissive and/or patronising language, failing to meet fundamental needs and afford choice. 'Sliding Doors to Personal Futures' is a joint, drama-based, educational initiative between NHS Education Scotland and the Scottish Social Services Council, delivered using interprofessional education (IPE) towards encouraging person-centred health and social care...
December 21, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#5
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087291/primary-care-perspectives-on-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-diagnosis-and-linking-patients-to-appropriate-care
#7
Edward Lebovics, Richard Torres, Lucinda K Porter
Enormous progress has been made in recent years toward effectively treating and curing patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, at least half of the possible 7 million individuals infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the US remain undiagnosed. The formidable task of increasing the number of patients diagnosed, and subsequently linked to appropriate care has fallen to primary care clinicians, who are mandated by some US States to offer screening to individuals born between 1945 and 1965 (the Baby Boomer Generation)...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086978/correlation-of-cytokine-level-with-the-severity-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome
#9
Miao-Miao Liu, Xiao-Ying Lei, Hao Yu, Jian-Zhi Zhang, Xue-Jie Yu
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was an emerging hemorrhagic fever that was caused by a tick-borne bunyavirus, SFTSV. Although SFTSV nonstructural protein can inhibit type I interferon (IFN-I) production Ex Vivo and IFN-I played key role in resistance SFTSV infection in animal model, the role of IFN-I in patients is not investigated. METHODS: We have assayed the concentration of IFN-α, a subtype of IFN-I as well as other cytokines in the sera of SFTS patients and the healthy population with CBA (Cytometric bead array) assay...
January 13, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086883/which-factors-affect-health-care-use-among-older-germans-results-of-the-german-ageing-survey
#10
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: It remains an open question how changes in predisposing, enabling, and need factors affect health care use. Consequently, we aimed to investigate how changes in these variables affect health care use in community-dwelling older persons longitudinally. METHODS: Data from two waves of the German Ageing Survey (DEAS), a representative sample of the community-dwelling German population aged ≥40 years, was used. Predictors of visits to general practitioners and specialists as well as hospital stays during a 12-month period were analyzed by fixed effects regressions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086845/the-social-determinants-of-tuberculosis-treatment-adherence-in-a-remote-region-of-papua-new-guinea
#11
Tanya Diefenbach-Elstob, David Plummer, Robert Dowi, Sinba Wamagi, Bisato Gula, Keyanato Siwaeya, Daniel Pelowa, Peter Siba, Jeffrey Warner
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a diverse and culturally-rich country with severe infrastructural and health problems. Tuberculosis (TB) is widespread, and the number of cases with drug resistance is rising. Treatment adherence is known to be important for both effective treatment and limiting the emergence of drug resistance. The aim of this study was to construct a matrix of the factors that act as facilitators or barriers to TB treatment adherence in a remote region of PNG. METHODS: The study was based in the Balimo region of the Western Province...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086842/socioeconomic-inequality-of-overweight-and-obesity-of-the-elderly-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-beh-program
#12
Alireza Raeisi, Mohammadbagher Mehboudi, Hossein Darabi, Iraj Nabipour, Bagher Larijani, Neda Mehrdad, Ramin Heshmat, Gita Shafiee, Farshad Sharifi, Afshin Ostovar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this population-based, large sample size study was to investigate the socioeconomic inequality of overweight and obesity among the elderly in Iran. METHODS: Baseline data of 3000 persons aged ≥60 years who participated in the Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) program was analyzed. Overweight and obesity were defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or higher than 25 and 30, respectively. Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by an asset index, constructed using principal component analysis, income, education level, and employment status...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086817/cost-of-shingles-population-based-burden-of-disease-analysis-of-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia
#13
Kevin J Friesen, Dan Chateau, Jamie Falk, Silvia Alessi-Severini, Shawn Bugden
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the population will experience herpes zoster (HZ), 10% of whom develop postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Together, these illnesses produce a significant economic burden to the healthcare system. METHODS: Administrative healthcare data collected over the period of April 1(st) 1997 to March 31(st) 2014 were analyzed to determine the healthcare system burden of HZ using direct medical costs. Episodes of HZ were identified using international classification of disease (ICD) codes...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081234/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-influenza-vaccination-among-adults-with-chronic-medical-conditions-vary-by-age-in-the-united-states
#14
Degan Lu, Yanru Qiao, Natalie E Brown, Junling Wang
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic health conditions exhibit higher risk for developing severe complications from influenza according to the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention. Although racial and ethnic disparities in influenza vaccination have been documented, it has not been comprehensively determined whether similar disparities are present among the adult population with at least one such condition. OBJECTIVE: To study if racial and ethnic disparities in relation to influenza vaccination are present in adults suffering from at least one chronic condition and if such inequalities differ between age groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081205/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Sher-Wei Lim, Yow-Ling Shiue, Chung-Han Ho, Shou-Chun Yu, Pei-Hsin Kao, Jhi-Joung Wang, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) may involve new-onset anxiety and depression post-discharge. However, long-term population-based studies have lacked access to follow-up conditions in terms of new-onset anxiety and depression. The objective of this study was to estimate the long-term risk of new-onset anxiety and depression post-discharge. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000) from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database was used in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081058/leading-causes-of-death-in-nonmetropolitan-and-metropolitan-areas-united-states-1999-2014
#16
Ernest Moy, Macarena C Garcia, Brigham Bastian, Lauren M Rossen, Deborah D Ingram, Mark Faul, Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Yuling Hong, Paula W Yoon, Michael F Iademarco
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Higher rates of death in nonmetropolitan areas (often referred to as rural areas) compared with metropolitan areas have been described but not systematically assessed. PERIOD COVERED: 1999-2014 DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Mortality data for U.S. residents from the National Vital Statistics System were used to calculate age-adjusted death rates and potentially excess deaths for nonmetropolitan and metropolitan areas for the five leading causes of death...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079818/factors-associated-with-syphilis-incidence-in-the-hiv-infected-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretrovirals
#17
Mohaned Shilaih, Alex Marzel, Dominique L Braun, Alexandra U Scherrer, Helen Kovari, Jim Young, Alexandra Calmy, Katharine Darling, Manuel Battegay, Matthias Hoffmann, Enos Bernasconi, Maria C Thurnheer, Huldrych F Günthard, Roger D Kouyos
After several years of steady decline, syphilis is reemerging globally as a public health hazard, especially among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Syphilis resurgence is observed mainly in men who have sex with men (MSM), yet other transmission groups are affected too. In this manuscript, we study the factors associated with syphilis incidence in the Swiss HIV cohort study in the era of highly effective antiretrovirals. Using parametric interval censored models with fixed and time-varying covariates, we studied the immunological, behavioral, and treatment-related elements associated with syphilis incidence in 3 transmission groups: MSM, heterosexuals, and intravenous drug users...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079721/an-exploratory-study-to-assess-individual-and-structural-level-barriers-associated-with-poor-retention-and-re-engagement-in-care-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#18
Jonathan Colasanti, Natalie Stahl, Eugene W Farber, Carlos Del Rio, Wendy S Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Retention in care is the most challenging step along the HIV care continuum. Many patients who engage in care and achieve viral suppression have care interruptions, characterized by moving in and out of care ("churn"). Poor retention has clinical consequences and contributes to new HIV transmissions, but how to predict or prevent it remains elusive. This study sought to understand the relationship between individual- and structural-level barriers, and poor retention for persons living with HIV/AIDS in Atlanta, GA...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079718/longitudinal-hiv-care-trajectories-in-north-carolina
#19
Kimberly A Powers, Erika Samoff, Mark A Weaver, Lynne A Sampson, William C Miller, Peter A Leone, Heidi Swygard
BACKGROUND: Long-term HIV care and treatment engagement is required for maximal clinical and prevention benefits, but longitudinal care patterns are poorly understood. We used the last 10 years' worth of HIV surveillance data from North Carolina to describe longitudinal HIV care trajectories from diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of all persons newly diagnosed with HIV in North Carolina between March 31, 2006 and March 31, 2015 (N = 16,207)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078642/association-between-subtotal-gastrectomy-with-billroth-ii-anastomosis-and-coronary-heart-disease
#20
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Shu Cheng, Long-Bin Jeng
BACKGROUND: We assessed the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) after subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth II anastomosis (SGBIIA) for peptic ulcer disease (PUD). METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used, and 6160 patients undergoing SGBIIA for PUD were identified as the surgical cohort. A total of 24,540 patients from the PUD population not undergoing surgery selected by frequency-matching were identified as the non-surgical cohort...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
keyword
keyword
92138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"