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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346694/-holy-anorexia-relevant-or-relic-religiosity-and-anorexia-nervosa-among-finnish-women
#1
Pyry Sipilä, Gulnara Harrasova, Linda Mustelin, Richard J Rose, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Since medieval times, an association between religiosity and anorexia nervosa has been suggested, but few systematic studies exist. This study examines in a nationwide setting whether personal or family religiosity is associated with lifetime anorexia nervosa among women in adolescence and early adulthood. Women (N = 2,825) from the 1975 to 1979 birth cohorts of Finnish twins were screened for lifetime DSM-5 anorexia nervosa (N = 92). Parental religiosity was assessed by self-report when the women were aged 16 years...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346597/association-of-risk-of-viremia-immunosuppression-serious-clinical-events-and-mortality-with-increasing-age-in-perinatally-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-youth
#2
Anne M Neilan, Brad Karalius, Kunjal Patel, Russell B Van Dyke, Mark J Abzug, Allison L Agwu, Paige L Williams, Murli Purswani, Deborah Kacanek, James M Oleske, Sandra K Burchett, Andrew Wiznia, Miriam Chernoff, George R Seage, Andrea L Ciaranello
Importance: As perinatally human immunodeficiency virus-infected youth (PHIVY) in the United States grow older and more treatment experienced, clinicians need updated information about the association of age, CD4 cell count, viral load (VL), and antiretroviral (ARV) drug use with risk of opportunistic infections, key clinical events, and mortality to understand patient risks and improve care. Objective: To examine the incidence or first occurrence during follow-up of key clinical events (including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stage B [CDC-B] and stage C [CDC-C] events) and mortality among PHIVY stratified by age, CD4 cell count, and VL and ARV status...
March 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#3
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346495/the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-pterygium-in-south-korea-a-10-year-population-based-korean-cohort-study
#4
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Min Jae Kang, Moonjung Choi, Kyoung Yul Seo, Sung Soo Kim
Although numerous population-based studies have reported the prevalences and risk factors for pterygium, information regarding the incidence of pterygium is scarce. This population-based cohort study aimed to evaluate the South Korean incidence and prevalence of pterygium. We retrospectively obtained data from a nationally representative sample of 1,116,364 South Koreans in the Korea National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC). The associated sociodemographic factors were evaluated using multivariable Cox regression analysis, and the hazard ratios and confidence intervals were calculated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346387/oprm1-c-118a-g-polymorphism-and-duration-of-morphine-treatment-associated-with-morphine-doses-and-quality-of-life-in-palliative-cancer-pain-settings
#5
Aline Hajj, Lucine Halepian, Nada El Osta, Georges Chahine, Joseph Kattan, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Despite increased attention on assessment and management, pain remains the most persistent symptom in patients with cancer, in particular in end-of-life settings, with detrimental impact on their quality-of-life (QOL). We conducted this study to evaluate the added value of determining some genetic and non-genetic factors to optimize cancer pain treatment. Eighty-nine patients were included in the study for the evaluation of palliative cancer pain management. The regression analysis showed that age, OPRM1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), as well as the duration of morphine treatment were significantly associated with morphine doses at 24 h (given by infusion pump; p = 0...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346131/lack-of-diversity-in-personal-health-record-evaluations-with-older-adult-participants-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
Laura Kneale, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Older adults are not adopting personal health records (PHRs) at the same rates as other adult populations. Disparities in adoption rates are also reported in older adult subgroups. The variability in adoption may be because PHRs are not designed to meet older adult users. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed PHR evaluation studies to examine the characteristics and perspectives of older adult study participants to identify their self-reported needs. METHOD: We searched Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase for PHR evaluation studies that involved older adult participants...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346028/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-self-reported-asthma-in-a-canadian-population-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2014
#7
Luan M Chu, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is increasing among adults, yet limited information regarding the association between adult asthma and environmental and personal exposures is available using large nationally representative population-based survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and associated factors for self-reported asthma in a Canadian population aged 12 years and older by using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2014 cross-sectional cohort...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345747/survey-of-opioid-tapering-practices-of-pediatric-healthcare-providers-a-national-perspective
#8
Fisher Deborah, Suzanne W Ameringer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the current opioid tapering practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online, survey research. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric healthcare providers from a national sample of practicing nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and physicians who participate in five different pediatric pain and/or palliative care list serves. RESULTS: One hundred four participants responded to the survey...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345574/differential-cataract-blindness-by-sex-in-india-evidence-from-two-large-national-surveys
#9
Hira B Pant, Souvik Bandyopadhyay, Neena John, Anil Chandran, Murthy Venkata S Gudlavalleti
AIMS: Women suffer disproportionately more from cataract blindness compared to males in low- and middle-income countries. Two large population-based surveys have been undertaken in India at an interval of 7 years and data from these surveys provided an opportunity to assess the trends in gender differentials in cataract blindness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the surveys to discern sex differences in cataract blindness. Multivariate analysis was performed to adjust for confounders and their impact on gender differences in cataract blindness...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345409/osteoarthritis-in-football
#10
Gian M Salzmann, Stefan Preiss, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Laurent P Harder, Dirk Maier, Jirí Dvorák
Football is currently the most popular sporting activity in the world. Multiple reports have shown that a high incidence of osteoarthritis is found in football players. Evidence clearly shows that traumatic injury significantly predisposes players for such pathophysiology. Injuries are frequent in amateur as well as professional football players, with knee and ankle accounting for the most severe injuries. Many professional athletes lose playing time due to injuries and many are forced into early retirement...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345268/target-plasma-factor-levels-for-personalized-treatment-in-haemophilia-a-delphi-consensus-statement
#11
A Iorio, E Iserman, V Blanchette, G Dolan, C Escuriola Ettingshausen, C Hermans, C Negrier, J Oldenburg, A Reininger, C Rodriguez-Merchan, M Spannagl, L A Valentino, G Young, K N Steinitz-Trost, A Gringeri
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic replacement with factor concentrate is the optimal treatment for persons with severe haemophilia to avoid or minimize bleeding. This ultimately prevents or reduces joint disease and improves life expectancy and quality of life towards values matching those in the normal population. However, uncertainty still exists around the optimal regimens to be prescribed for prophylaxis. An increasing number of treating physicians and patients are showing interest in patient-tailored approaches to prophylaxis, which aim to harmonize the prophylaxis regimen with the patients' bleeding phenotype, levels of physical activity and a variety of other variables...
March 26, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345154/outcomes-in-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-similar-to-those-of-the-pegasus-timi-54-trial-a-cohort-study-in-the-french-national-claims-database
#12
Patrick Blin, Caroline Dureau-Pournin, Régis Lassalle, Jérémy Jové, Florence Thomas-Delecourt, Cécile Droz-Perroteau, Nicolas Danchin, Nicholas Moore
AIMS: The present study aims to describe real-life outcomes in stable post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients similar to those in the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial (PEGASUS), which found long-term benefits of ticagrelor in patients with a history of MI. METHODS: One-year event-free post-MI patients were identified in the French claims database representative 1/97 sample (2005-2010) and followed up to 3 years. A PEGASUS-like (PL) population included patients with age ≥ 65 years, or age ≥50 and diabetes, renal dysfunction or prior MI, without stroke, end-stage renal failure or oral anticoagulation...
March 26, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345152/the-impact-of-seizures-on-epilepsy-outcomes-a-national-community-based-survey
#13
Colin B Josephson, Scott B Patten, Andrew Bulloch, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina Lavorato, Kirsten M Fiest, Mary Secco, Nathalie Jette
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of seizures on persons living with epilepsy in a national, community-based setting. METHODS: The data source was the Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada (SLNCC), a cohort derived from a national population-based survey of noninstitutionalized persons aged 15 or more years. Participants had to be on a seizure drug or to have had a seizure in the past 5 years to meet the definition of active epilepsy...
March 27, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344979/psychological-profile-of-individuals-presenting-with-chronic-cough
#14
Katrin Hulme, Vincent Deary, Sian Dogan, Sean M Parker
Chronic refractory cough (CRC) is a common problem in respiratory clinics. Adverse effects on quality of life are documented in the literature, but relatively little is known about the underlying psychological factors in this patient population. We aimed to investigate the association of psychological factors with chronic cough, comparing CRC to explained cough and non-cough groups. 67 patients attending a specialist cough clinic (CRC, n=25; explained cough, n=42) and 22 non-cough individuals participated. All participants completed the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale, Big Five Inventory (Personality), Chalder Fatigue Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire-15...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344681/exploring-the-relationship-between-callous-unemotional-traits-empathy-processing-and-affective-valence-in-a-general-population
#15
Emma M Lethbridge, Paul Richardson, Lisa Reidy, Naira A Taroyan
Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits are personality attributes, which are associated with a deficit of affective valence and reduced empathetic responding in high CU trait clinical populations. The aim of the research was to explore whether a similar pattern of empathy and emotional responding correlated with CU trait manifestation in the general population. A total of 124 participants completed the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Empathy Quotient, an expression recognition task, and a measure of affective response...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344632/dynamic-and-temporal-assessment-of-human-dried-blood-spot-ms-ms-all-shotgun-lipidomics-analysis
#16
Fei Gao, Justice McDaniel, Emily Y Chen, Hannah E Rockwell, Jeremy Drolet, Vivek K Vishnudas, Vladimir Tolstikov, Rangaprasad Sarangarajan, Niven R Narain, Michael A Kiebish
BACKGROUND: Real-time and dynamic assessment of an individual's lipid homeostatic state in blood is complicated due to the need to collect samples in a clinical environment. In the context of precision medicine and population health, tools that facilitate sample collection and empower the individual to participate in the process are necessary to complement advanced bioanalytical analysis. The dried blood spot (DBS) methodology via finger prick or heel prick is a minimally invasive sample collection method that allows the relative ease and low cost of sample collection as well as transport...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344063/asthma-is-associated-with-subsequent-development-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-case-control-study
#17
M Ellen Kuenzig, Cheryl Barnabe, Cynthia H Seow, Bertus Eksteen, Maria E Negron, Ali Rezaie, Remo Panaccione, Eric I Benchimol, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta, Gilaad G Kaplan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Asthma and the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) each arise through complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors, and share many environmental risk factors. We examined the association between asthma and Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. METHODS: We performed a population-based case-control study using health administrative data from the province of Alberta, Canada. The odds of a diagnosis of asthma preceding the diagnosis of either Crohn's disease (n=3087) or ulcerative colitis (n=2377) were compared with the odds of diagnosis of asthma among persons without IBD (n=402,800) using logistic regression...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343404/emerging-from-the-database-shadows-characterizing-undocumented-immigrants-in-a-large-cohort-of-hiv-infected-persons
#18
Jonathan Ross, David B Hanna, Uriel R Felsen, Chinazo O Cunningham, Viraj V Patel
Little is known about how HIV affects undocumented immigrants despite social and structural factors that may place them at risk of poor HIV outcomes. Our understanding of the clinical epidemiology of HIV-infected undocumented immigrants is limited by the challenges of determining undocumented immigration status in large data sets. We developed an algorithm to predict undocumented status using social security number (SSN) and insurance data. We retrospectively applied this algorithm to a cohort of HIV-infected adults receiving care at a large urban healthcare system who attended at least one HIV-related outpatient visit from 1997 to 2013, classifying patients as "screened undocumented" or "documented"...
March 27, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#19
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342970/not-in-one-metric-neuroticism-modulates-different-resting-state-metrics-within-distinctive-brain-regions
#20
Claudio Gentili, Ioana Alina Cristea, Emiliano Ricciardi, Nicola Vanello, Cristian Popita, Daniel David, Pietro Pietrini
INTRODUCTION: Neuroticism is a complex personality trait encompassing diverse aspects. Notably, high levels of neuroticism are related to the onset of psychiatric conditions, including anxiety and mood disorders. Personality traits are stable individual features; therefore, they can be expected to be associated with stable neurobiological features, including the Brain Resting State (RS) activity as measured by fMRI. Several metrics have been used to describe RS properties, yielding rather inconsistent results...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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