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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239936/the-cancer-care-experiences-of-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-cancer-patient-experience-survey
#1
N J Hulbert-Williams, C O Plumpton, P Flowers, R McHugh, R D Neal, J Semlyen, L Storey
Understanding the effects of population diversity on cancer-related experiences is a priority in oncology care. Previous research demonstrates inequalities arising from variation in age, gender and ethnicity. Inequalities and sexual orientation remain underexplored. Here, we report, for the first time in the UK, a quantitative secondary analysis of the 2013 UK National Cancer Patient Experience Survey which contains 70 questions on specific aspects of care, and six on overall care experiences. 68,737 individuals responded, of whom 0...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239919/large-multicentre-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-a-low-cost-tailored-self-help-smoking-cessation-text-message-intervention-for-pregnant-smokers-miquit
#2
Felix Naughton, Sue Cooper, Katharine Foster, Joanne Emery, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Stephen Sutton, Matthew Jones, Michael Ussher, Rachel Whitemore, Matthew Leighton, Alan Montgomery, Steve Parrott, Tim Coleman
AIMS: To estimate the effectiveness of pregnancy smoking cessation support delivered by SMS text message and key parameters needed to plan a definitive trial. DESIGN: Multicentre, parallel-group, single-blinded, individual randomised controlled trial SETTING: 16 antenatal clinics in England. PARTICIPANTS: 407 participants were randomised to the intervention (n = 203) or usual care (n = 204). Eligible women were <25 weeks gestation, smoked at least 1 daily cigarette (>5 pre-pregnancy), were able to receive and understand English SMS texts and were not already using text-based cessation support...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239849/correlates-of-treatment-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#3
B Abu Sheikh, D H Arabiat, S L Holmes, Y Khader, D Hiyasat, D Collyer, S Abu-Shiekh
AIM: To examine the impact of patient characteristics, anthropometric measurement and patient clinical variables on their appraisal of treatment satisfaction and well-being. BACKGROUND: Treatment satisfaction and well-being are instrumental in achieving diabetes care goals. Nursing practices and healthcare policies may inform interventions in these areas. INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of diabetes is high in the Middle East. An understanding of relationships between clinical and socio-demographic variables and well-being and treatment satisfaction is needed to improve care and patient outcomes...
February 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239604/predictors-of-antenatal-care-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postnatal-care-utilization-among-the-remote-and-poorest-rural-communities-of-zambia-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Choolwe Jacobs, Mosa Moshabela, Sitali Maswenyeho, Nildah Lambo, Charles Michelo
OBJECTIVE: Optimal utilization of maternal health-care services is associated with reduction of mortality and morbidity for both mothers and their neonates. However, deficiencies and disparity in the use of key maternal health services within most developing countries still persist. We examined patterns and predictors associated with the utilization of specific indicators for maternal health services among mothers living in the poorest and remote district populations of Zambia. METHODS: A cross-sectional baseline household survey was conducted in May 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239598/general-self-efficacy-and-diabetes-management-self-efficacy-of-diabetic-patients-referred-to-diabetes-clinic-of-aq-qala-north-of-iran
#5
Hajar Dehghan, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Ghorban Mohammad Kouchaki, Bagher Pahlevan Zadeh, Bibi Azizieh Dehghan, Mohammad Matlabi, Morteza Mansourian, Mostafa Qorbani, Omid Safari, Tahereh Pashaei, Babak Rastegari Mehr
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is one of the factors involved in successful self-care of diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate general self-efficacy and diabetes management self-efficacy and to determine their association with glycemic control in diabetic individuals, referred to the diabetes clinic of Aq Qala city, North of Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 251 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were enrolled using census method. Data collection tools consisted of Sherer General Self-Efficacy Scale (SGSES) and Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES) with minor demographic adjustments and hemoglobin A1C test...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239538/family-child-care-home-providers-as-role-models-for-children-cause-for-concern
#6
Alison Tovar, Amber E Vaughn, Anna Grummon, Regan Burney, Temitope Erinosho, Truls Østbye, Dianne S Ward
Health behaviors associated with chronic disease, particularly healthy eating and regular physical activity, are important role modeling opportunities for individuals working in child care programs. Prior studies have not explored these risk factors in family child care home (FCCH) providers which care for vulnerable and at-risk populations. To address this gap, we describe the socio-demographic and health risk behavior profiles in a sample of providers (n = 166 FCCH) taken from baseline data of an ongoing cluster-randomized controlled intervention (2011-2016) in North Carolina...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239459/effects-of-individual-household-and-community-characteristics-on-child-nutritional-status-in-the-slums-of-urban-bangladesh
#7
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Shams El Arifeen, Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Shusmita H Khan, Nitai Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition needs of the expanding slum communities are addressed. The study aims at describing the individual, household and community determinants of undernutrition status among children living in major urban strata, viz...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239262/the-well-being-valuation-model-a-method-for-monetizing-the-nonmarket-good-of-individual-well-being
#8
James A Sidney, Ashlin Jones, Carter Coberley, James E Pope, Aaron Wells
The objective of this research is to advance the evaluation and monetization of well-being improvement programs, offered by population health management companies, by presenting a novel method that robustly monetizes the entirety of well-being improvement within a population. This was achieved by utilizing two employers' well-being assessments with medical and pharmacy administrative claims (2010-2011) across a large national employer (n = 50,647) and regional employer (n = 6170) data sets. This retrospective study sought to monetize both direct and indirect value of well-being improvement across a population whose medical costs are covered by an employer, insurer, and/or government entity...
2017: Health Services & Outcomes Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239021/needs-assessment-of-hcv-infected-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-and-implications
#9
Marguerite Beiser, Casey Leon, Jessie M Gaeta
The advent of tolerable, efficacious therapies for hepatitis C virus (HCV) creates an opportunity to provide HCV treatment for individuals experiencing homelessness. A federally-qualified community health center serving individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston conducted an anonymous needs assessment survey of a sample of HCV-infected patients in order to inform development of an HCV treatment program (N = 240). Primary care providers (PCPs) were identified as the chief source of HCV education. Main motivators to consider HCV treatment were identified as "taking care of your health" (73...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239007/inadequate-cancer-screening-lack-of-provider-continuity-is-a-greater-obstacle-than-medical-mistrust
#10
Lauren D Arnold, Martha M McGilvray, J Kyle Cooper, Aimee S James
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities and low-income individuals are generally less likely to have adequate cancer screening than Whites or higher-income individuals. PURPOSE: To examine the roles of medical mistrust and lack of provider continuity in cancer screening in a low-income minority population. METHODS: A total of 144 urban federally qualified health center patients completed a cross-sectional survey that included the Group Based Medical Mistrust Scale and questions on provider continuity and cancer-screening-history...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239005/public-housing-relocations-and-relationships-of-changes-in-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-transportation-access-to-unmet-need-for-medical-care
#11
Danielle F Haley, Sabriya Linton, Ruiyan Luo, Josalin Hunter-Jones, Adaora A Adimora, Gina M Wingood, Loida Bonney, Zev Ross, Hannah L Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional research suggests that neighborhood characteristics and transportation access shape unmet need for medical care. This longitudinal analysis explores relationships of changes in neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and trans- portation access to unmet need for medical care. METHODS: We analyzed seven waves of data from African American adults (N = 172) relocating from severely distressed public housing complexes in Atlanta, Georgia...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238995/assessment-of-barriers-to-essential-surgical-care-in-two-communities-in-the-upper-west-region-ghana
#12
Adam Gyedu, Godfred Boakye, Charles K Dally, Anita Eseenam Agbeko, Francis A Abantanga, Adam L Kushner, Barclay T Stewart
Systematic assessments of individual-and community-level barriers to surgical care (BSC) in low-and middle-income countries that might inform potential interventions are lacking. We used a novel tool to assess BSC systematically during a surgical outreach in two communities in Upper West region, Ghana. Results were scored in three dimensions of barriers to care (acceptability, affordability, and accessibility); higher dimension scores signified less salient barriers. A total index out of 10 was derived. In total, 169 individuals participated in Nadowli (68, 40%) and in Nandom (101, 60%)...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238993/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-utilization-in-the-united-states-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-recent-literature
#13
Justin E Lerner, Gabriel Robles
Transgender people face numerous barriers when utilizing health care in the United States. The current study sought to highlight transgender consumer perspectives in order to present theoretically informed, concrete recommendations for increasing transgender health care utilization. The search yielded several prominent themes associated with barriers to health care for transgender people: 1) provider lack of knowledge concerning transgender identity issues and transgender health issues, 2) transgender patients' previous negative experiences with the health care system or anticipation of these experiences, 3) transgender patients' inability to pay for health care services, and 4) health care provider refusal to provide health care services to transgender people...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238832/the-energetic-physiological-and-behavioral-response-of-lemon-sharks-negaprion-brevirostris-to-simulated-longline-capture
#14
Ian A Bouyoucos, Cory D Suski, John W Mandelman, Edward J Brooks
Commercial fisheries bycatch is a considerable threat to elasmobranch population recovery, and techniques to mitigate sub-lethal consequences can be improved with data on the energetic, physiological, and behavioral response of individuals to capture. This study sought to estimate the effects of simulated longline capture on the behavior, energy use, and physiological stress of juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris). Captive sharks equipped with acceleration biologgers were subjected to one hour of simulated longline capture...
February 23, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238771/lower-prevalence-of-celiac-disease-and-gluten-related-disorders-in-persons-living-in-southern-vs-northern-latitudes-of-the-united-states
#15
Aynur Unalp-Arida, Constance E Ruhl, Rok Seon Choung, Tricia L Brantner, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association between prevalence of celiac disease and geographic region is incompletely understood, but the occurrence of several autoimmune disorders has been found to vary along a North-South gradient. We examined geographic, demographic, and clinical factors associated with prevalence of celiac disease and gluten-free diet (GFD) in the United States (US). METHODS: In a population-based study, we analyzed data on gluten-related conditions from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, from 2009 through 2014, on 22,277 participants 6 years and older...
February 23, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238454/moving-toward-a-shared-process-the-impact-of-parent-experiences-on-perinatal-palliative-care
#16
Susan L Hasegawa, Jessica T Fry
Perinatal palliative care programs seek to support parents expecting a baby diagnosed with a serious medical condition. Clinicians have increasingly recognized the importance of parental perspectives on the medical care mothers and their fetuses and live-born children receive, especially regarding factors influencing individual choices and knowledge of the medical community. We describe, using literature on trisomy 13 and trisomy 18, how information shared between parents and providers can improve perinatal counseling and family support...
February 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238229/suspecting-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-what-the-busy-primary-care-clinician-needs-to-know
#17
REVIEW
Diego J Maselli, Bravein Amalakuhan, Holly Keyt, Alejandro A Diaz
AIMS: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) is a chronic, progressive respiratory disorder characterised by irreversibly and abnormally dilated airways, persistent cough, excessive sputum production and recurrent pulmonary infections. In the last several decades, its prevalence has increased, making it likely to be encountered in the primary care setting. The aim was to review the clinical presentation and diagnosis of NCFB, with an emphasis on the role of computed tomography (CT)...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237740/neuroanatomical-basis-of-concern-based-altruism-in-virtual-environment
#18
Indrajeet Patil, Marco Zanon, Giovanni Novembre, Nicola Zangrando, Luca Chittaro, Giorgia Silani
Costly altruism entails helping others at a cost to the self and prior work shows that empathic concern (EC) for the well-being of distressed and vulnerable individuals is one of the primary motivators of such behavior. However, extant work has investigated costly altruism with paradigms that did not feature self-relevant and severe costs for the altruist and have solely focused on neurofunctional, and not neuroanatomical, correlates. In the current study, we used a contextually-rich virtual reality environment to study costly altruism and found that individuals who risked their own lives in the virtual world to try to save someone in danger had enlarged right anterior insula and exhibited greater empathic concern than those who did not...
February 22, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237706/fairness-and-respect-in-nurse-educators-work-nursing-students-perceptions
#19
Leena Salminen, Jenni Rinne, Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi
This study describes how the ethical principles of fairness and respect come true in the work of nurse educators from the perspective of nursing students. Nurse educators' competence of professional ethics is important in providing an ethical role model to nursing students and to professionals in the field of health care. The descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. The data were collected from graduating nursing students (n = 202) in Finland with an internet-based questionnaire consisting of 22 structured questions with 5-point Likert scale...
February 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237620/the-national-hip-fracture-database-nhfd-using-a-national-clinical-audit-to-raise-standards-of-nursing-care
#20
EDITORIAL
Antony Johansen, Christopher Boulton, Karen Hertz, Michael Ellis, Vivienne Burgon, Sunil Rai, Rob Wakeman
The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) is a key clinical governance programme for staff working in trauma wards across England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It uses prospectively collected information about the 65,000 people who present with hip fracture each year, and links these with information about the quality of care and outcome for each individual. The NHFD can, therefore, provide a picture of the care offered to frail older people with this injury - people who, between them, occupy nearly half of inpatient trauma beds...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
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