keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sudden death syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933191/genetics-of-inherited-cardiocutaneous-syndromes-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Tara Bardawil, Samar Khalil, Christina Bergqvist, Ossama Abbas, Abdul Ghani Kibbi, Fadi Bitar, Georges Nemer, Mazen Kurban
The life of a human being originates as a single cell which, under the influence of certain factors, divides sequentially into multiple cells that subsequently become committed to develop and differentiate into the different structures and organs. Alterations occurring early on in the development process may lead to fetal demise in utero. Conversely, abnormalities at later stages may result in structural and/or functional abnormalities of varying severities. The cardiovascular system and skin share certain developmental and structural factors; therefore, it is not surprising to find several inherited syndromes with both cardiac and skin manifestations...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928263/a-36-year-old-woman-with-coronary-artery-dissection-two-weeks-after-abortion
#2
Arsalan Salari, Mahboobe Gholipur, Maedeh Rezaeidanesh, Anoosh Barzigar, Shahram Rahmani, Mohadeseh Pursadeghi, Hannan Ebrahimi
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death. We report coronary artery dissection in a 36-year-old woman with retrosternal chest pain 2 weeks after abortion. Electrocardiography showed ST elevation in leads V2-V4 and ST depression in the inferior leads. Lab data were normal. Cardiac catheterization showed a suspicious thrombotic lesion at the proximal portion of the left anterior descending artery with a smooth contour consistent with distal haziness and dissection site...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928228/multi-phase-post-mortem-ct-angiography-a-pathologic-correlation-study-on-cardiovascular-sudden-death
#3
Emanuela Turillazzi, Paola Frati, Natascha Pascale, Cristoforo Pomara, Giampaolo Grilli, Rocco Valerio Viola, Vittorio Fineschi
Multi-phase post-mortem CT-angiography (MPMCTA) has the great potential to increase the quality of the post-mortem investigation, especially in the area of sudden death; however, its role as routine complement to the pathology toolbox is still questioned as it needs to be further standardized. The aim of this study is to investigate the contribution of MPMCTA in cases of sudden unexplained death in adults and in particular in sudden cardiovascular death. Sixty-eight sudden unexpected deaths of adults were investigated at our institution between 2012 and 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925329/fragmented-qrs-is-a-novel-risk-factor-for-ventricular-arrhythmic-events-after-receiving-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-in-non-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#4
Miyako Igarashi, Hiroshi Tada, Hiro Yamasaki, Kenji Kuroki, Tomoko Ishizu, Yoshihiro Seo, Takeshi Machino, Nobuyuki Murakoshi, Yukio Sekiguchi, Yuichi Noguchi, Akihiko Nogami, Kazutaka Aonuma
INTRODUCTION: A fragmented QRS (fQRS) is reported to be associated with a poor prognosis or sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with Brugada syndrome or ischemic heart disease. However, no studies have clarified the impact of the presence of an fQRS on SCD or ventricular arrhythmic events in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This study aimed to clarify this point in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 137 heart failure patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy who received CRT (NYHA functional class: II/III/IV = 25/84/28)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920829/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-australian-families-with-long-qt-syndrome-a-registry-based-study
#5
Charlotte Burns, Jodie Ingles, Andrew M Davis, Vanessa Connell, Belinda Gray, Lauren Hunt, Julie McGaughran, Christopher Semsarian
BACKGROUND: Familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a primary arrhythmogenic disorder caused by mutations in ion channel genes. The phenotype ranges from asymptomatic individuals to sudden cardiac arrest and death. LQTS is a rare but significant health problem for which global data should exist. This study sought to provide the first clinical and genetic description of Australian families with LQTS. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate clinical and genetic features of families with LQTS...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920592/left-main-coronary-ostial-stenosis-after-aortic-valve-replacement-a-case-report
#6
Munish Sharma, Daniel Mascarenhas
Coronary ostial stenosis is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of aortic valve replacement (AVR). It can present potential complications such as acute coronary syndrome, left ventricular failure, ventricular arrhythmias, or sudden death. Exact pathogenetic mechanism is not known, but a few hypotheses have been proposed. We present a case of left main coronary stenosis 11 months after AVR was done for symptomatic critical aortic stenosis. High index of clinical suspicion and timely coronary angiography helped to determine the exact etiology...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918760/risk-factors-protective-factors-and-current-recommendations-to-reduce-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-a-review
#7
Rebecca F Carlin, Rachel Y Moon
Importance: Sudden infant death syndrome remains the leading cause of death in infants aged 1 month to 1 year in the United States. Observations: While its exact cause is unknown, sudden infant death syndrome is believed to be multifactorial, ie, occurs in infants with underlying biological vulnerability who experience an exogenous stressor, such as prone/side sleeping or soft bedding, during a critical developmental period. Much genetic and physiologic evidence points to impaired arousal responses to hypercarbia and hypoxia, which ultimately leads to asphyxia...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917382/updates-on-the-methodological-approaches-for-carrying-out-an-in-depth-study-of-the-cardiac-conduction-system-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-of-victims-of-sudden-unexplained-fetal-and-infant-death
#8
Graziella Alfonsi, Marina Crippa
This article contains a set of protocols for histopathological techniques that can be used for carrying out in-depth studies of cases of sudden infant death syndrome and sudden intrauterine unexplained fetal death syndrome. In order to enable researchers to advance hypotheses regarding the causes of the unexpected death of infants and fetuses, the authors propose three innovative and accurate methodologies for studying the cardiac conduction system, the peripheral cardiac nervous system, and the central autonomic nervous system...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916335/-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-sleep-position-of-infants-a-survey-conducted-in-france-by-493%C3%A2-pediatricians
#9
M Bellaïche, K Bargaoui, C Jung, P Maigret, P Clerson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The supine sleeping position with the head higher than the legs has no impact on regurgitations in infants. Inclined ventral decubitus decreases regurgitations but is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The LUNE study aimed to evaluate the impact of regurgitations on the choice of sleeping position by pediatricians and parents. METHODS: Cross-sectional case-control study (ratio 1:1) conducted in France in 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916030/-short-term-outcomes-of-lung-transplant-recipients-using-organs-from-brain-death-donors
#10
W X He, C Jiang, X G Liu, W Huang, C Chen, L Jiang, B Yang, K Wu, Q K Chen, Y Yang, Y M Yu, G N Jiang
Objective: To assess short-term outcomes after lung transplantation with organs procured following brain death. Methods: Between April 2015 and July 2016, all 17 recipients after lung transplantation using organs from brain death donors (DBD) at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine were enrolled in this study. All patients were male, aging (60±7) years, including 11 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 5 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, 1 silicosis...
December 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915266/systematic-ajmaline-challenge-in-patients-with-long-qt-3-syndrome-caused-by-the-most-common-mutation-a-multicentre-study
#11
Stephan Hohmann, Boris Rudic, Torsten Konrad, David Duncker, Thorben König, Erol Tülümen, Thomas Rostock, Martin Borggrefe, Christian Veltmann
AIMS: Overlap syndromes of long QT 3 syndrome (LQT3) and the Brugada syndrome (BrS) have been reported. Identification of patients with an overlapping phenotype is crucial before initiation of Class I antiarrhythmic drugs for LQT3. Aim of the present study was to elucidate the yield of ajmaline challenge in unmasking the Brugada phenotype in patients with LQT3 caused by the most common mutation, SCN5A-E1784K. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive families in tertiary referral centres diagnosed with LQT3 caused by SCN5A-E1784K were included in the study...
December 2, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909531/brugada-syndrome-risk-stratification-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Konstantinos P Letsas Md Fesc, Stamatis Georgopoulos Md, Konstantinos Vlachos Md, Nikolaos Karamichalakis Md, Ioannis Liatakis Md, Panagiotis Korantzopoulos Md PhD, Tong Liu Md PhD, Michael Efremidis Md, Antonios Sideris Md
The Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an arrhythmogenic disease associated with an increased risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. The risk stratification and management of BrS patients, particularly of asymptomatic ones, still remains challenging. A previous history of aborted sudden cardiac death or arrhythmic syncope in the presence of spontaneous type 1 ECG pattern of BrS phenotype appear to be the most reliable predictors of future arrhythmic events. Several other ECG parameters have been proposed for risk stratification...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903458/cardiac-arrest-among-patients-with-infections-causes-clinical-practice-and-research-implications
#14
REVIEW
Davide Leoni, Jordi Rello
The incidence of sepsis is increasing, and the condition is now the leading cause of death in general intensive care units (ICUs). Our review failed to identify studies of the causes of cardiac arrest among infected patients, even though non-cardiac causes represent 15% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and though one-third of events have positive blood cultures. Sudden cardiac arrest is the result of local damage to the heart and of the impact of systemic and pulmonary conditions on cardiac performance, and its danger is underestimated...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894713/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-marfan-syndrome
#15
Tracy Hagerty, Patrick Geraghty, Alan C Braverman
OBJECTIVE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) leads to aortic root aneurysm, while descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) occurs less commonly. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is rarely reported in MFS. Risk factors for AAA are poorly understood and there are no guidelines for AAA screening in MFS. We sought to characterize AAA among Marfan patients in our center. METHODS: The records of 12 adults with MFS and AAA disease were reviewed. Clinical features, imaging, operative reports, and outcomes were analyzed...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894411/allele-specific-pcr-and-melting-curve-analysis-showed-relatively-high-frequency-of-%C3%AE-casein-gene-a1-allele-in-iranian-holstein-simmental-and-native-cows
#16
M Gholami, S H Hafezian, G Rahimi, A Farhadi, Z Rahimi, D Kahrizi, S Kiani, H Karim, S Vaziri, S Muhammadi, F Veisi, K Ghadiri, H Shetabi, J Zargooshi
There are two allelic forms of A1 and A2 of β-casein gene in dairy cattle. Proteolytic digestion of bovine β-casein A1 type produces bioactive peptide of β-casomorphin-7 known as milk devil. β-casomorphin-7 causes many diseases, including type 1 diabetes, cardiovascular disease syndrome, sudden death and madness. The aim of the present study was to determine the different allelic forms of β-casein gene in Iranian Holstein, Simmental and native cattle in order to identify A1 and A2 variants. The blood samples were collected randomly and DNA was extracted using modified salting out method...
October 31, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891566/sudden-death-associated-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#17
Alžbeta Ginelliová, Daniel Farkaš, Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Vlasta Vyhnálková, Peter Vasovčák
In this paper we report the autopsy findings of a 7 year old girl who presented with headache, nausea and repeated vomiting and died unexpectedly at home. She had no previous history of major illnesses and no history of epileptic seizures. External examination revealed ocular abnormalities. Internal examination demonstrated severe cerebral edema with tonsillar herniation, premature fusion of the cranial bone sutures, and prominent convolutional markings of the inner table of the skull. Death was due to severe cerebral edema complicating syndromic craniosynostosis...
November 28, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891257/melas-syndrome-with-cardiac-involvement-a-multimodality-imaging-approach
#18
Sara Seitun, Laura Massobrio, Anna Rubegni, Claudia Nesti, Margherita Castiglione Morelli, Sara Boccalini, Athena Galletto Pregliasco, Irilda Budaj, Luca Deferrari, Gian Marco Rosa, Fabrizio Montecucco, Alberto Valbusa
A 49-year-old man presented with chest pain, dyspnea, and lactic acidosis. Left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis were detected. The sequencing of mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) revealed the presence of A to G mtDNA point mutation at position 3243 (m.3243A>G) in tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene. Diagnosis of cardiac involvement in a patient with Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes syndrome (MELAS) was made. Due to increased risk of sudden cardiac death, cardioverter defibrillator was implanted...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890882/a-case-of-brugada-syndrome-which-developed-status-epilepticus
#19
Misa Matsui, Kimiko Inoue, Harutoshi Fujimura, Saburo Sakoda
A 35-year-old man showed a convulsive attack with consciousness loss and was suspected of having Brugada syndrome 6 months prior to admission to our hospital. At the initial examination, the patient showed conjugate deviation, followed by left limb convulsions and consciousness loss. He regained consciousness after 1 minute, though cardiac arrest from ventricular fibrillation was noted during an electroencephalography (EEG) examination. Sinus rhythm recovered with defibrillation, though the convulsions persisted and a Status Epilepticus developed...
November 25, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884797/breathing-abnormalities-in-animal-models-of-rett-syndrome-a-female-neurogenetic-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Chun Jiang, Ningren Cui, Weiwei Zhong, Christopher M Johnson, Yang Wu
A characteristic feature of Rett syndrome (RTT) is abnormal breathing accompanied by several other neurological and cognitive disorders. Since RTT rodent models became available, studies have begun shedding insight into the breathing abnormalities at behavioral, cellular and molecular levels. Defects are found in several groups of brainstem neurons involved in respiratory control, and potential neural mechanisms have been suggested. The findings in animal models are helpful in therapeutic strategies for people with RTT with respect to lowering sudden and unexpected death, preventing secondary developmental consequences, and improving the quality of lives...
November 21, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
keyword
keyword
92128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"