Read by QxMD icon Read

long term outcomes

J J Zhao, Y L Zhang, S J Zhang, J Zhou, F K Yu, Y L Zu, H F Zhao, Z Li, Y P Song
Objective: To investigate the molecular-cytogenetic characterization and impact on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy in chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) patients with variant Ph chromosome (vPh). Methods: The clinical data of 32 patients with vPh chromosomes were collected and compared with 703 patients with typical Ph chromosome in newly diagnosed CML-CP who were on first-line imatinib (IM) and with BCR-ABL transcript of P210. Results: There was no significant difference in demographic and hematological characteristics between vPh and classic Ph patients...
March 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
X B Meng, W Y Wang, K Zhang, Y Qi, S M An, S Y Wang, J L Zheng, Q J Yu, B Tang, R Wu, S Y Wang, C Y Gao, Y D Tang
Objective: To determine the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) on predicting the long-term outcome of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) . Methods: NT-proBNP was measured in 831 consecutive patients with HCM at Fuwai Hospital from October 2009 to December 2013 and patients were followed up clinically for (53.3±15.4) months. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to NT-proBNP values: NT-proBNP<860 pmol/L ( n= 276) , 860 pmol/L≤NT-proBNP≤1 905 pmol/L ( n= 278) , NT-proBNP > 1 905 pmol/L ( n= 277) ...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
L J Li, Y M Liu, Y M Wang, F Zhou, H Li, X Q Xing, X D Han, L Chen, C X Zhang, J X Wang, B Liu, L J Suo, G H Yu, G Q Wang, X X Yao, Y Xiao, X L Zhu, C X Xue, X J Cui, B Cao
Objective: To explore the clinical features, etiological features and prognostic risk factors of long-term glucocorticoid users with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Methods: A retrospective study included 100 long-term glucocorticoid users with CAP (G-CAP group) from 11 hospitals of China between January 2014 and December 2014, while 100 non-immunocompromised patients with community-acquired pneumonia were enrolled as controls (nICH-CAP group). Characteristics including age, gender, underlying diseases, corticosteroids, symptoms, disease severity, imaging manifestations, etiology, respiratory failure, mechanical ventilation, whether the application of vasoactive drugs, antibiotics application, hospital mortality rate between the two groups were compared, and the prognostic factors of G-CAP were investigated using Logistic regression...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Sarah K Bick, David Huie, Gabriel Sneh, Emad N Eskandar
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) increases in prevalence with age. Although microvascular decompression (MVD) is the most effective long-term operative treatment for TN, its use in older patient populations has been debated due to its invasive nature. Recent studies have demonstrated safety of MVD in older patients; however, efficacy data are more limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between age and pain outcomes following MVD for TN. METHODS: Subjects underwent MVD for TN at our institution between 1/1/2004 and 12/31/2013, had typical TN, and demonstrated neurovascular compression on preoperative imaging...
March 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
Sara J Czaja, Chin Chin Lee, Dolores Perdomo, David Loewenstein, Marina Bravo, Jerad H Moxley PhD, Richard Schulz
Background and Objectives: Family caregivers (CGs) are critical to the provision of long-term services and support for older adults. Numerous intervention programs to alleviate CG distress have been developed and evaluated yet few have been implemented in community settings. This paper describes and presents outcomes from Community REACH, a community implementation of the evidence-based Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) II program. Research Design and Methods: Community REACH involved a partnership between REACH II investigators and United HomeCare Services (UHCS), a nonprofit home health organization that provides home health, personal care, companion, and respite services...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Åsa Svedmark, Martin Björklund, Charlotte K Häger, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Jens Wahlström
Introduction: The aim was to evaluate if pain, disability, and work productivity are influenced by physical and psychosocial work exposures as well as by stress, up to 1 year after a randomized controlled trial treatment intervention, and to determine whether any such association differed between treatment and control groups. Methods: Ninety-seven working women suffering non-specific neck pain (n = 67 treatment group, n = 30 control group) were followed from end of treatment intervention and at 9- and 15-month follow-ups, respectively...
March 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Il Ju Choi, Myeong-Cherl Kook, Young-Il Kim, Soo-Jeong Cho, Jong Yeul Lee, Chan Gyoo Kim, Boram Park, Byung-Ho Nam
BACKGROUND: Patients with early gastric cancers that are limited to gastric mucosa or submucosa usually have an advanced loss of mucosal glandular tissue (glandular atrophy) and are at high risk for subsequent (metachronous) development of new gastric cancer. The long-term effects of treatment to eradicate Helicobacter pylori on histologic improvement and the prevention of metachronous gastric cancer remain unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, we assigned 470 patients who had undergone endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer or high-grade adenoma to receive either H...
March 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Joana Vieira, Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a gold standard for long term enteral feeding. Neurologic dysphagia and head/neck cancer are the most common indications for PEG as they can lead to protein-energy malnutrition and serum electrolyte abnormalities, with potential negative impact on metabolic balance. Refeeding syndrome may also be related with severe electrolyte changes in PEG-fed patients and contribute to poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the changes in serum concentrations of the main electrolytes and its possible association with the outcome...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Elia Psouni, Raquel Perez Vicente, Lars B Dahlin, Juan Merlo
Chronic handicap in early life may have a long-term impact on children's psychosocial well-being. Here, we investigated whether Brachialis Plexus Birth Injury (BPBI)-an unpredictable injury at birth-is associated with worse mental health later on, as indicated by prescription and use of psychotropic drugs in adolescence. We explored further whether this association is different depending on socioeconomic characteristics of the child's family, as well as sex. Of the 641 151 children born to native parents in Sweden 1987-1993 (alive and still living in Sweden at the end of 2008), identified in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1587 had suffered a BPBI...
2018: PloS One
Katharina Dietrich, Yvonne Bouter, Michael Müller, Thomas A Bayer
This commentary reviews the role of the Alzheimer amyloid peptide Aβ on basal synaptic transmission, synaptic short-term plasticity, as well as short- and long-term potentiation in transgenic mice, with a special focus on N-terminal truncated Aβ4-42 . Aβ4-42 is highly abundant in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. It demonstrates increased neurotoxicity compared to full length Aβ, suggesting an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. Transgenic Tg4-42 mice, a model for sporadic AD, express human Aβ4-42 in Cornu Ammonis (CA1) neurons, and develop age-dependent hippocampal neuron loss and neurological deficits...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Mylene C Berk, Andrea Hl Bruning, Aleid G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, Katja C Wolthers, Dasja Pajkrt
Human parechovirus (HPeV) infections usually cause mild symptoms in children. Although their contribution to severe disease in young children - such as neonatal sepsis and meningo-encephalitis - is increasingly recognized, data on long-term consequences are scarce. Here we present the case of a five-year old boy with severe long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae following HPeV-3 meningitis.
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Francesco Mangano, Alberta Greco Lucchina, Matteo Brucoli, Mario Migliario, Carmen Mortellaro, Carlo Mangano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term cumulative implant survival rate (CISR%) and cumulative implant-crown success rate (CICSR%) of single-tooth Morse-taper connection implants, with particular attention to documenting the incidence of prosthetic complications. METHODS: The customized records of all patients who had been treated with single-tooth Morse-taper connection implants in 2 dental centers during the period between January 2002 and December 2012 were revisited...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ivo J Kruyt, Rik C Nelissen, Emmanuel A M Mylanus, Myrthe K S Hol
OBJECTIVE: To compare 3-year implant stability, survival, and tolerability of a 4.5-mm-wide (test) and a 3.75-mm-wide (control) percutaneous titanium implant for bone-conduction hearing, loaded with the sound processor after 3 weeks. METHODS: Sixty implants were allocated in a 2:1 ratio (test-control) in 57 adult patients included in this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. Follow-up visits were performed at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days; 6 and 12 weeks; 6 months; and at 1, 2, and 3 years after implantation...
March 20, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Ioana Agache, Liliana Rogozea
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The precision medicine concept is both appealing and challenging. We review here the recent findings in the endotype-driven approach for major allergic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Stratified medicine for different allergic diseases can identify patients who are more likely to benefit or experience an adverse reaction in response to a given therapy and anticipate their long-term outcome and vital risk. In addition, this approach potentially facilitates drug development and prevention strategies...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Nikhil Jain, Frank M Phillips, Tristan Weaver, Safdar N Khan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, economic analysis. OBJECTIVE: To study patient profile associated with preoperative chronic opioid therapy (COT), and study COT as a risk factor for 90-day complications, emergency department (ED) visits, and readmission after primary one- to two-level posterior lumbar fusion (PLF) for degenerative spine disease. We also evaluated associated costs, risk factors, and adverse events related to long-term postoperative opioid use. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Chronic opioid use is associated with poor outcomes and dependence after spine surgery...
March 20, 2018: Spine
Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Jackie Curtis, Scott B Teasdale, Alison R Yung, Jerome Sarris
AIM: The effects of nutrient-based treatments, including adjunctive vitamin or antioxidant supplementation, have been explored extensively in long-term schizophrenia. However, no systematic evaluation of trials in "first-episode psychosis" (FEP) has been conducted, despite the potential benefits of using these treatments during the early stages of illness. Therefore, we aimed to review all studies examining efficacy, tolerability and the biological mechanisms of action, of nutrient supplementation in FEP...
March 21, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Junichi Sugawara, Noriyuki Iwama, Tetsuro Hoshiai, Hideki Tokunaga, Hidekazu Nishigori, Hirohito Metoki, Kunihiro Okamura, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to analyze post-disaster birth outcomes in coastal and inland regions of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. METHODS: Primary data sets were compiled from birth records of obstetric facilities and 12,808 patients were analyzed for baseline birth outcomes by region. Regional risk analysis of the low-birth-weight rate and premature birth rate were conducted using multi-level logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: From overall baseline birth outcomes, a preterm birth rate was 4...
March 21, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Keir McCutcheon, Andreas S Triantafyllis, Thomas Marynissen, Tom Adriaenssens, Johan Bennett, Christophe Dubois, Peter R Sinnaeve, Walter Desmet
BACKGROUND: The optimal therapeutic strategy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients found to have multi-vessel disease (MVD) is controversial but recent data support complete revascularisation (CR). Whether CR should be completed during the index admission or during a second staged admission remains unclear. Our main objective was to measure rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) during the waiting period in STEMI patients selected for staged revascularisation (SR), in order to determine the safety of delaying CR...
March 21, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Fatma Yazici Yilmaz, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Serhat Yildiz, Nefise Nazli Yenigul, Ceren Saglam
The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative pain and neuropathy after primary caesarean sections with either blunt or sharp fascial expansions. A total of 123 women undergoing primary caesarean sections were included in the study. The sharp group had 61 patients, and the blunt group had 62. In the sharp group, the fascia was incised sharply and extended using scissors. In blunt group, the fascia was bluntly opened by lateral finger-pulling. The primary outcome was postoperative pain. The long-term chronic pain scores were significantly lower in the blunt group during mobilisation (p = ...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"