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fc gamma receptor cancer adcc

Camille Martin, Claire Kizlik-Masson, André Pèlegrin, Hervé Watier, Marie-Claude Viaud-Massuard, Nicolas Joubert
The annual "Antibody Industrial Symposium", co organized by LabEx MAbImprove, MabDesign and Polepharma, was held in Tours, France on June 27-28, 2017. The focus was on antibody-drug-conjugates (ADCs), new entities which realize the hope of Paul Ehrlich's magic bullet. ADCs result from the bioconjugation of a highly cytotoxic drug to a selective monoclonal antibody, which acts as a vector. Building on knowledge gained during the development of three approved ADCs, brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®), ado trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla®) and inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa®), and the many ADCs in development, this meeting addressed strategies and the latest innovations in the field from fundamental research to manufacturing...
February 2018: MAbs
Rens Braster, Simran Grewal, Remco Visser, Helga K Einarsdottir, Marjolein van Egmond, Gestur Vidarsson, Marijn Bögels
BACKGROUND: Current anti-cancer therapeutic antibodies that are used in the clinic are predominantly humanized or fully human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1). These antibodies bind with high affinity to the target antigen and are efficient in activating the immune system via IgG Fc receptors and/or complement. In addition to IgG1, three more isotypes are present in humans, of which IgG3 has been found to be superior compared to human IgG1 in inducing antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC), phagocytosis or activation of complement in some models...
2017: PloS One
Wei Li, Hongjia Yang, Dimiter S Dimitrov
CD16A (FcγRIIIA) is an activating receptor mostly expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes/macrophages. It can mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) through low-affinity interaction with human immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc. It can also mediate cell lysis if NK cells are guided by bispecific killer cells engagers (BiKEs). BiKEs showed some success in clinical trials of cancer and are promising candidate therapeutics. However, currently reported BiKEs are based on antibody fragments (scFvs) of relatively large size...
October 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Naruemol Angsirisak, Supeecha Wittayalertpanya, Wacharee Limpanasithikul, Udomsak Bunworasate, Danai Owattanapanich
BACKGROUND: Rituximab is an anti-CD20 chimeric antibody widely used in combination with CHOP regimen for the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). It is suggested that this antibody destroys B lymphoma cells mainly by antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) mechanism via the binding of the drug to FC gamma IIIa receptor (FcγRIIIa) on natural killer (NK) cells, affected to kill cancer cells. The FcγRIIIa has genetic polymorphism at nucleotide position 559 (G559T or V158F or rs396991) have shown influence on the binding and efficacy of rituximab...
December 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Jonathan P H Fisher, Barry Flutter, Florian Wesemann, Jennifer Frosch, Claudia Rossig, Kenth Gustafsson, John Anderson
Gamma delta T lymphocytes (γδT cells) have pleiotropic properties including innate cytotoxicity, which make them attractive effectors for cancer immunotherapy. Combination treatment with zoledronic acid and IL-2 can activate and expand the most common subset of blood γδT, which express the Vγ9Vδ2 T cell receptor (TCR) (Vδ2 T cells). Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are equipped for antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) through expression of the low-affinity FcγR CD16. GD2 is a highly ranked tumor associated antigen for immunotherapy due to bright expression on the cell surface, absent expression on normal tissues and availability of therapeutic antibodies with known efficacy in neuroblastoma...
2016: Oncoimmunology
Wei Wang, Amy K Erbe, Jacquelyn A Hank, Zachary S Morris, Paul M Sondel
Natural killer (NK) cells play a major role in cancer immunotherapies that involve tumor-antigen targeting by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). NK cells express a variety of activating and inhibitory receptors that serve to regulate the function and activity of the cells. In the context of targeting cells, NK cells can be "specifically activated" through certain Fc receptors that are expressed on their cell surface. NK cells can express FcγRIIIA and/or FcγRIIC, which can bind to the Fc portion of immunoglobulins, transmitting activating signals within NK cells...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Stefanie Raab, Julia Steinbacher, Benjamin J Schmiedel, Philaretos C Kousis, Alexander Steinle, Gundram Jung, Ludger Grosse-Hovest, Helmut R Salih
The ability of NK cells to mediate Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) largely contributes to the clinical success of antitumor Abs, including trastuzumab, which is approved for the treatment of breast cancer with HER2/neu overexpression. Notably, only ∼25% of breast cancer patients overexpress HER2/neu. Moreover, HER2/neu is expressed on healthy cells, and trastuzumab application is associated with side effects. In contrast, the ligands of the activating immunoreceptor NKG2D (NKG2DL) are selectively expressed on malignant cells...
October 15, 2014: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Branka Petricevic, Johannes Laengle, Josef Singer, Monika Sachet, Judit Fazekas, Guenther Steger, Rupert Bartsch, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Michael Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Monoclonal antibodies (mAb), such as trastuzumab are a valuable addition to breast cancer therapy. Data obtained from neoadjuvant settings revealed that antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a major mechanism of action for the mAb trastuzumab. Conflicting results still call into question whether disease progression, prolonged treatment or concomitant chemotherapy influences ADCC and related immunological phenomena. METHODS: We analyzed the activity of ADCC and antibody-dependent cell-mediated phagocytosis (ADCP) of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) positive breast cancer patients receiving trastuzumab therapy either in an adjuvant (n = 13) or metastatic (n = 15) setting as well as from trastuzumab treatment-naive (t-naive) HER2/neu negative patients (n = 15)...
2013: Journal of Translational Medicine
Ingo Schubert, Domenica Saul, Stefanie Nowecki, Andreas Mackensen, Georg H Fey, Fuat S Oduncu
The single-chain triplebody HLA-ds16-hu19 consists of three single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments connected in a single polypeptide chain. This protein with dual-targeting capacity mediated preferential lysis of antigen double positive(dp) over single-positive (sp) leukemic cells by recruitment of natural killer (NK) cells as effectors. The two distal scFv modules were specific for the histocompatibility protein HLA-DR and the lymphoid antigen CD19, the central one for the Fc gamma receptor CD16. In antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) experiments with a mixture of leukemic target cells comprising both HLA-DR sp HuT-78 or Kasumi-1 cells and (HLA-DR plus CD19) dp SEM cells, the triplebody mediated preferential lysis of the dp cells even when the sp cells were present in ≤ 20-fold numerical excess...
January 2014: MAbs
Mari Hirvinen, Raita Heiskanen, Minna Oksanen, Saila Pesonen, Ilkka Liikanen, Timo Joensuu, Anna Kanerva, Vincenzo Cerullo, Akseli Hemminki
BACKGROUND: Oncolytic viruses have shown potential as cancer therapeutics, but not all patients seem to benefit from therapy. Polymorphisms in Fc gamma receptors (FcgRs) lead to altered binding affinity of IgG between the receptor allotypes and therefore contribute to differences in immune defense mechanisms. Associations have been identified between FcgR polymorphisms and responsiveness to different immunotherapies. Taken together with the increasing understanding that immunological factors might determine the efficacy of oncolytic virotherapy we studied whether FcgR polymorphisms would have prognostic and/or predictive significance in the context of oncolytic adenovirus treatments...
2013: Journal of Translational Medicine
Mi Li, Lianqing Liu, Ning Xi, Yuechao Wang, Xiubin Xiao, Weijing Zhang
Fc gamma receptors (FcγR), widely expressed on effector cells (e.g., NK cells, macrophages), play an important role in clinical cancer immunotherapy. The binding of FcγRs to the Fc portions of antibodies that are attached to the target cells can activate the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) killing mechanism which leads to the lysis of target cells. In this work, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to observe the cellular ultra-structures and measure the biophysical properties (affinity and distribution) of FcγRs on single macrophages in aqueous environments...
September 6, 2013: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ryan M Stephenson, Chwee Ming Lim, Maura Matthews, Gregory Dietsch, Robert Hershberg, Robert L Ferris
BACKGROUND: Cetuximab is an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody that prolongs survival in the treatment for head and neck cancer (HNC), but only in 10-20 % of patients. An immunological mechanism of action such as natural killer (NK) cell-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) has been suggested. We investigated the effects of activating toll-like receptor (TLR)-8 to enhance activity of cetuximab-stimulated, FcγR-bearing cells. OBJECTIVE: To determine the capability of TLR8-stimulation to enhance the activation and function of NK cells and dendritic cells (DC) in the presence of cetuximab-coated HNC cells...
August 2013: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Shivani Srivastava, David Pelloso, Hailin Feng, Larry Voiles, David Lewis, Zdenka Haskova, Margaret Whitacre, Stephen Trulli, Yi-Jiun Chen, John Toso, Zdenka L Jonak, Hua-Chen Chang, Michael J Robertson
The antitumor activity of monoclonal antibodies is mediated by effector cells, such as natural killer (NK) cells, that express Fc receptors for immunoglobulin. Efficacy of monoclonal antibodies, including the CD20 antibody rituximab, could be improved by agents that augment the function of NK cells. Interleukin (IL)-18 is an immunostimulatory cytokine that has antitumor activity in preclinical models. The effects of IL-18 on NK cell function mediated through Fcγ receptors were examined. Human NK cells stimulated with immobilized IgG in vitro secreted IFN-γ as expected; such IFN-γ production was partially inhibited by blocking CD16 with monoclonal antibodies...
June 2013: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
James D Mellor, Michael P Brown, Helen R Irving, John R Zalcberg, Alexander Dobrovic
Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a major mechanism of action of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) such as cetuximab, rituximab and trastuzumab. Fc gamma receptors (FcgR) on human white blood cells are an integral part of the ADCC pathway. Differential response to therapeutic mAbs has been reported to correlate with specific polymorphisms in two of these genes: FCGR2A (H131R) and FCGR3A (V158F). These polymorphisms are associated with differential affinity of the receptors for mAbs. This review critically examines the current evidence for genotyping the corresponding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to predict response to mAbs in patients with cancer...
2013: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Rosa Calemma, Alessandro Ottaiano, Anna Maria Trotta, Guglielmo Nasti, Carmela Romano, Maria Napolitano, Domenico Galati, Pasquale Borrelli, Serena Zanotta, Antonino Cassata, Giuseppe Castello, Vincenzo Rosario Iaffaioli, Stefania Scala
BACKGROUND: Anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies have shown efficacy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). One of the mechanism is the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in which Fc region of the antibody binds to the Fc gamma receptors (FcγR) expressed by immune cells. The present study investigated the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa and clinical outcome in mCRC treated with anti-EGFR antibodies. METHODS: Seventy-four consecutive patients with mCRC were analyzed...
November 21, 2012: Journal of Translational Medicine
Javier Rodríguez, Ruth Zarate, Eva Bandres, Valentina Boni, Amaia Hernández, Jesus Javier Sola, Beatriz Honorato, Nerea Bitarte, Jesus García-Foncillas
BACKGROUND: The immunoglobulin G1 (IgG(1)) monoclonal antibody (MoAb) Cetuximab is active in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as first or subsequent lines of therapy. Efficacy seems restricted to KRAS wild-type tumours. IgG(1) may also induce antibody dependent cell mediated citotoxicity (ADCC) by recruitment of immune effector cells. ADCC is influenced by Fc gamma receptor (FcγR) polymorphisms. We investigated the association of FcγR polymorphisms and disease control rate (DCR) in mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy plus Cetuximab...
August 2012: European Journal of Cancer
Bhawna Poonia, C David Pauza
BACKGROUND AIMS: Immunotherapy using γδ T cells capable of mediating antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a promising anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) strategy. Approved aminobispohsphonate drugs, for example zoledronate (Zometa), stimulate γδ T cells in cancer patients, where they may promote direct tumor killing. Knowing that γδ T cells are modulated during HIV disease, documenting their responses and potential for controlling HIV is important. We investigated whether zoledronate/interleukin (IL)-2 could expand cytotoxic Vδ2 cells from HIV+ donors and whether these cells functioned in ADCC...
February 2012: Cytotherapy
S Meraviglia, N Caccamo, G Guggino, M Tolomeo, S Siragusa, G Stassi, F Dieli
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) constitute the most rapidly growing class of human therapeutics and the second largest class of drugs after vaccines. The treatment of B-cell malignancies and HER2/Neu(+) breast cancer has benefited considerably from the use of therapeutic mAbs, either alone or in combination with standard chemotherapy. Frequent relapses, however, demonstrate that the bioactivity of these mAbs is still suboptimal. The concept of improving the anti-tumor activity of mAbs is well established and potentiating the cytotoxicity induced by anticancer mAbs can be achieved by strategies that target the downstream cytolytic effector cells...
November 2010: Current Molecular Medicine
Jaheli Fuenmayor, Karin Perez-Vazquez, Daniel Perez-Witzke, Manuel L Penichet, Ramon F Montano
Treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu)-expressing breast cancer patients with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against HER2/neu improves the outcome of chemotherapy. In cases in which remission is observed, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) seems to be one of the main mechanisms of anti-HER2/neu mAb action, implicating Fc gamma receptors (Fc gamma Rs) in this tumoricidal activity. In vitro and in vivo studies have revealed that anti-HER2/neu-mediated ADCC is mainly accomplished by polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN)...
August 2010: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Fabio Concetti, Valerio Napolioni
Recently, the field of oncology has witnessed the introduction of several effective chemotherapeutic agents. Still, not all cancers respond to the use of conventional chemotherapy and thus combination therapy is an emerging weapon in the battle against cancer. There is emerging evidence in support of the use of Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) in cancer therapy. The mechanisms behind their efficacy are multi-faceted; they can kill tumor cells through antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), and apoptosis as well as target ligands or growth factor receptors favoring tumor growth...
November 2010: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
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