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mental health bpd borderline personality disorder depression anxiety bipolar

Cheng-Che Shen, Li-Yu Hu, Shih-Jen Tsai, Albert C Yang, Pan-Ming Chen, Ya-Han Hu
AIM: To develop a risk stratification model for the early diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of 6132 patients (292 BPD patients and 5840 control subjects) who were selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Psychiatric co-morbidities including depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, substance-use disorder, personality disorders other than BPD, sleep disorder, eating disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, mental retardation and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, which were diagnosed within 3 years before enrolment, were collected...
September 1, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Bradley Carron-Arthur, Julia Reynolds, Kylie Bennett, Anthony Bennett, John Alastair Cunningham, Kathleen Margaret Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the community structure of mental health Internet support groups, quantitatively. A greater understanding of the factors, which lead to user interaction, is needed to explain the design information of these services and future research concerning their utility. OBJECTIVE: A study was conducted to determine the characteristics of users associated with the subgroup community structure of an Internet support group for mental health issues...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Pearl L H Mok, Roger T Webb, Louis Appleby, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen
Although links between childhood residential mobility and subsequently increased risks of psychopathology have been well documented, associations across the full spectrum of psychiatric disorders are unknown. We conducted a population-based study of all 1,439,363 persons born in Denmark during 1971-1997 to investigate relationships between childhood cross-municipality residential moves from year of birth to age 14 years and the development of a range of psychiatric disorders from mid-adolescence to early middle age...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Heidemarie Abrahamian, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Angelika Rießland-Seifert, Peter Fasching, Christoph Ebenbichler, Peter Hofmann, Hermann Toplak
Psychiatric disorders and psychological problems are common in patients with diabetes mellitus. There is a twofold increase in depression which is associated with suboptimal glycemic control and increased morbidity and mortality. Other psychiatric disorders with a higher incidence of diabetes mellitus are cognitive impairment, dementia, disturbed eating behaviour, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders and borderline personality disorder. The coincidence of mental disorders and diabetes mellitus has unfavourable influences on metabolic control and micro- and macroangiopathic late complications...
April 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Bridget F Grant, Risë B Goldstein, Tulshi D Saha, S Patricia Chou, Jeesun Jung, Haitao Zhang, Roger P Pickering, W June Ruan, Sharon M Smith, Boji Huang, Deborah S Hasin
IMPORTANCE: National epidemiologic information from recently collected data on the new DSM-5 classification of alcohol use disorder (AUD) using a reliable, valid, and uniform data source is needed. OBJECTIVE: To present nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, associated disability, and treatment of DSM-5 AUD diagnoses overall and according to severity level (mild, moderate, or severe). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted face-to-face interviews with a representative US noninstitutionalized civilian adult (≥18 years) sample (N = 36 309) as the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (NESARC-III)...
August 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
Donna M Sudak
Although the Affordable Care Act has theoretically made access to mental health care possible for all patients, the United States continues to lag behind other countries with respect to the provision of psychotherapeutic treatments. In the United Kingdom, for example, substantial resources have been committed to increase the availability of effective psychotherapies, particularly for depression and anxiety disorders. This development required a significant deployment of resources, with more than one billion dollars committed over the course of 7 years (2008-2015)...
March 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Joanna McDermid, Jitender Sareen, Renée El-Gabalawy, Jina Pagura, Rae Spiwak, Murray W Enns
OBJECTIVES: Clinical studies suggest a high co-morbidity rate of borderline personality disorder (BPD) with bipolar disorder (BD). This study examines the prevalence and correlates of BPD in BD (I and II) in a longitudinal population-based survey. METHODS: Data came from waves 1 and 2 (wave 2: N=34,653, 70.2% cumulative response rate; age ≥ 20 years) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Lay interviewers conducted in person interviews using the Alcohol Use Disorders and Associated Disabilities Interview (AUDADIS-IV), a reliable diagnostic tool of psychiatric disorders based on DSM-IV criteria...
April 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Caroline Silva, Jessica D Ribeiro, Thomas E Joiner
Nearly all mental disorders increase suicide risk; however, some better predict ideation versus attempts. The interpersonal theory of suicide provides a framework to understand these relationships, via the constructs of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability. The current study examined the relationships between various mental disorders and theory constructs among 997 adult outpatients, controlling for sex and age. Disorders generally symptomatically associated with social withdrawal or potential liability to others (i...
March 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Jennifer G Reid, Michael J Gitlin, Lori L Altshuler
OBJECTIVE: Owing to the prevalence of medication side effects and treatment resistance, prescribers often consider off-label uses of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved agents for the treatment of persistent symptoms. The authors review the available literature on the FDA-approved and non-FDA-approved uses of lamotrigine in adults with psychiatric disorders. DATA SOURCES: We used PubMed, MEDLINE, and a hand search of relevant literature to find studies published between 1990 and 2012 and available in English language...
July 2013: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Mary C Zanarini, Leah K Barison, Frances R Frankenburg, D Bradford Reich, James I Hudson
The purpose of this study was to assess the familial coaggregation of borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a full array of axis I disorders and four axis II disorders (antisocial personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and sadistic personality disorder) in the first-degree relatives of borderline probands and axis II comparison subjects. Four hundred and forty-five inpatients were interviewed about familial psychopathology using the Revised Family History Questionnaire-a semistructured interview of demonstrated reliability...
August 2009: Journal of Personality Disorders
Miro Jakovljević, Zeljko Reiner, Davor Milicić
BACKGROUND: The importance of cholesterol for physical and psychological well-being has been recognized for several decades. Changes in serum cholesterol levels may have a direct impact on mental performance, behavior, treatment response, survival and expected lifetime duration. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between various mental disorders (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental disorders) and cholesterol levels, and to discuss the possible treatment implications...
December 2007: Psychiatria Danubina
Jennifer A Minnix, Catherine Romero, Thomas E Joiner, Elizabeth F Weinberg
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate factors related to suicide in a unique clinical population with more chronic psychopathology than many outpatient samples. METHOD: One hundred and five adult outpatients were included in the current study. We predicted that higher scores on the resolved plans and preparation (RPP) factor of the Beck Suicide Scale [Beck, A.T., Kovacs, M., Weissman, M., (1979). Assessment of suicidal intention: The scale for suicidal ideation...
November 2007: Journal of Affective Disorders
Carlo Faravelli, Simone Rosi, Maria Alessandra Scarpato, Lorenzo Lampronti, Silvia Gorini Amedei, Nusrat Rana
BACKGROUND: The DSM IV lifetime prevalence for bipolar affective disorders is reported to be between 0.4% and 1% in most surveys. DSM IV, however, fails to identify the cases clinically significant described as bipolar spectrum. The few researches that have attempted to evaluate the prevalence of these disorders in the community report lifetime prevalence figures of 5% to 10% for the whole spectrum. METHOD: The data from the Sesto Fiorentino Study, a community survey conducted by clinical interviewers using a typically clinical instrument, have been re-analysed...
August 2006: Journal of Affective Disorders
Raz Gross, Mark Olfson, Marc Gameroff, Steven Shea, Adriana Feder, Milton Fuentes, Rafael Lantigua, Myrna M Weissman
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe and chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by marked impulsivity, instability of affect and interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behavior that can complicate medical care. Few data are available on its prevalence or clinical presentation outside of specialty mental health care settings. METHODS: We examined data from a survey conducted on a systematic sample (N = 218) from an urban primary care practice to study the prevalence, clinical features, comorbidity, associated impairment, and rate of treatment of BPD...
January 14, 2002: Archives of Internal Medicine
P McDonald-Scott, S Machizawa, H Satoh
Diagnostic communication between doctors and patients is thought to differ radically between Japan and Western countries. To understand diagnostic disclosure to psychiatric patients, a questionnaire with six case vignettes was sent to practising psychiatrists in Japan (N = 166) and North America (N = 112). While over 90% of both groups would inform patients with affective and anxiety disorders of their diagnoses, only 70% of North Americans and less than 30% of Japanese would similarly inform patients with schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorders...
February 1992: Psychological Medicine
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