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Orthopedic splints

Abdullah Addar, Yousef Marwan, Nizar Algarni, Gregory Berry
OBJECTIVE: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are the most common orthopedic fractures, with >70% of cases treated by closed immobilization using a short arm cast or a sugar tong splint. However, inadequate immobilization is a risk factor for loss of reduction requiring repeat reduction or surgical treatment. Therefore, education of clinical skills for appropriate immobilization of DRFs is important. With the increasing use of web-based information by medical learners, our aim was to assess the quality and quantity of videos regarding closed immobilization of DRFs on YouTube...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Celine Yeung, Catherine McMillan, Tomas J Saun, Kimberly Sun, Veerle D'hondt, Herbert P von Schroeder, Glykeria Martou, Matthew Lee, Elizabeth Liao, Paul Binhammer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of cognitive task analysis (CTA)-based multimedia educational videos for surgical trainees in plastic surgery. DESIGN: A needs assessment survey was used to identify 5 plastic surgery skills on which to focus the educational videos. Three plastic surgeons were video-recorded performing each skill while describing the procedure, and were interviewed with probing questions. Three medical student reviewers coded transcripts and categorized each step into "action," "decision," or "assessment," and created a cognitive demands table (CDT) for each skill...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Brock D Foster, Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Nathanael Heckmann, William C Pannell, Ram K Alluri, Alidad Ghiassi
Background Displacement of distal radius fractures has been previously described in the literature; however, little is known about fracture displacement following splint or cast removal at the initial clinic visit following reduction and immobilization. Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for fracture displacement following splint or cast removal and physical examination in the acute postinjury period. Methods All patients with a closed distal radius fracture who presented to our orthopedic hand clinic within 3 weeks of injury were prospectively enrolled in our study...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Ilaria Strazzulla, Markus Nowak, Marco Controzzi, Christian Cipriani, Claudio Castellini
The paradigm of simultaneous and proportional myocontrol of hand prostheses is gaining momentum in the rehabilitation robotics community. As opposed to the traditional surface electromyography classification schema, in simultaneous and proportional control the desired force/torque at each degree of freedom of the hand/wrist is predicted in real-time, giving to the individual a more natural experience, reducing the cognitive effort and improving his dexterity in daily-life activities. In this study we apply such an approach in a realistic manipulation scenario, using 10 non-linear incremental regression machines to predict the desired torques for each motor of two robotic hands...
March 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Michael A Worobel, Bobby Alexander, Mark Hirsch, Vu Nguyen
Recurrent median neuropathy is an uncommon injury that can be commonly mistaken for other pathological causes. It is important to be aware of the potential causes and symptoms of injury as delay in diagnosis can lead to permanent decrease in hand function and disability. This case is a description of a 33-year-old male patient who previously presented with radicular symptoms and had complete resolution of his pain after a C7 selective nerve root block. Several months after presentation, he developed significant thenar atrophy, localized pain, and weakness associated with weight lifting activities...
February 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Jae Hoon Lee, Young Jun Kim, Jong Hun Baek, Dong Hee Kim
PURPOSES: To review the outcome of Z-plasty of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon at the tarsal tunnel for checkrein deformity in 8 patients. METHODS: Records of 6 males and 2 females aged 14 to 67 (mean, 39.5) years who underwent Z-plasty (lengthening) of the FHL tendon at the tarsal tunnel for checkrein deformity in the first and second toes by a single surgeon were reviewed. All patients had undergone 3 months of conservative treatment. The mean time from injury to surgical treatment was 8...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Robert S Runyon, Shevaun M Doyle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of common pediatric forearm fractures, clarify the descriptions used to identify and thereby appropriately treat them with a splint or cast, and explain osseous remodeling that is unique to the skeletally immature. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature addresses the gap in standard treatment protocols. There is variability in the management of pediatric forearm fractures because of the multiple subspecialty physicians that care for children's fractures and a lack of well established guidelines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Tyler Snoap, Matthew Jaykel, Cayla Williams, Jason Roberts
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures are commonly seen and treated in the emergency department. There are subsets of calcaneal fractures that pose a high risk to the adjacent soft tissue of the heel and can result in full-thickness tissue necrosis. OBJECTIVE: To identify which calcaneal fractures need to be managed within hours and triaged to the orthopedic team and which can be temporized in a neutral or plantarflexed ankle splint and seen in an outpatient setting. DISCUSSION: Tongue-type calcaneal fractures and tuberosity fractures must be triaged appropriately within the first few hours of presentation to prevent skin compromise...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rachel Kaye, Todd Goldstein, David Zeltsman, Daniel A Grande, Lee P Smith
Three dimensional (3D) printing is a novel technique that has evolved over the past 35 years and has the potential to revolutionize the field of medicine with its inherent advantages of customizability and the ability to create complex shapes with precision. It has been used extensively within the fields of orthopedics, dentistry, and craniofacial reconstruction with wide ranging utility including, medical modeling, surgical planning and the production of custom plates, screws and surgical guides. Furthermore, it has been used for similar means in the field of Otorhinolaryngology and also has potential to revolutionize the treatment of airway malacia...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mark A Feger, Neal R Glaviano, Luke Donovan, Joseph M Hart, Susan A Saliba, Joseph S Park, Jay Hertel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize trends in the acute management (within 30 days) after lateral ankle sprain (LAS) in the United States. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. PATIENTS: Of note, 825 718 ankle sprain patients were identified; 96.2% were patients with LAS. Seven percent had an associated fracture and were excluded from the remaining analysis. SETTING: Primary and tertiary care settings. INTERVENTIONS: We queried a database of national health insurance records for 2007 to 2011 by ICD-9 codes for patients with LAS while excluding medial and syndesmotic sprains and any LAS with an associated foot or ankle fracture...
March 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Tae Hoon Lee, Ji Ho Lee, Suh Woo Chay, Kyu Sun Jang, Hak Jun Kim
The treatment of Zone 1 fractures of the 5th metatarsal base with >2mm of displacement remains controversial. We prospectively analyzed 29 patients with 5th metatarsal base fractures (Zone 1) during 2009-2014. Radiography was performed to assess the degree of fracture gap and metatarsal length. Patients with gaps of 2mm or less were treated conservatively using a short leg cast or splint (Group A), while patients with fracture gap >2mm were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group B patients were managed with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), and Group C patients were placed in a short leg cast only...
August 2016: Injury
Shane R Hanzlik, Sara E Pearson, Paul E Caldwell
Fractures of the proximal humerus are common and the treatment for both displaced and comminuted variants remains controversial. Treatment options initially consisted of closed reduction, traction, casting, and abduction splints. In the early 1930s, operative treatment for displaced fractures gained popularity, which continued in the 1940s and 1950s. Humeral head replacement for severely displaced fractures of the proximal humerus was introduced in the 1950s. In the 1970s, the Association for Osteosynthesis/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation popularized plates and screws for fracture fixation, and humeral head prostheses were redesigned...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Joon Yub Kim, Dong Wook Sohn, Ho Youn Park, Jeong Hyun Yoo, Joo Hak Kim, Myung Gon Jung, Jae Ho Cho
BACKGROUND: The goals of this study were to compare maximal metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) flexion angles after application of a volar short arm splint at 3 different locations and verify the relations between the three different physical and radiological locations. METHODS: Forty dominant hands of healthy subjects were analyzed in the study. We defined a transverse skin folding line as a line drawn from the radial aspect of the thenar crease to the ulnar aspect of the distal transverse palmar crease...
June 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Antonio Manni, Sabrina Mutinelli, Marco Pasini, Laura Mazzotta, Mauro Cozzani
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment of skeletal Class II malocclusions with an acrylic splint Herbst appliance anchored to miniscrews with 2 types of ligation. METHODS: Sixty patients (mean age, 11.6 years; SD, 1.9) with a bilateral Angle Class II Division 1 malocclusion were retrospectively selected and divided into 3 homogeneous and balanced groups on the basis of the Herbst anchorage used: without anchorage, miniscrews with elastic chains, and miniscrews with metallic ligatures...
June 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Baran Kömür, Olcay Güler, Serhat Mutlu, Barış Yılmaz, Bülent Yücel, Tahir Mutlu Duymuş
INTRODUCTION: A rare case of proximal phalange fractures has been presented in this study. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old male patient from Turkey was admitted to the orthopedics and traumatology clinic with a complaint of left hand pain, which had persisted for 10days. He described a rotational trauma that had occurred right after hitting his hand on the wheel of a car as a result of an in-car traffic accident 10days ago. Radiological work-ups were requested...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sasha J Tharakan, Rushyuan J Lee, Ammie M White, J Todd R Lawrence
Distal humeral epiphyseal separations are rare and treatment strategies are not well defined. The case of a full-term male newborn with a distal humeral epiphyseal separation as the result of a birth trauma was reviewed. A literature review of this topic was undertaken to better understand its occurrence, diagnosis, and treatment options. The patient sustained a distal humeral epiphyseal separation during a vaginal delivery. Deformity and decreased movement in the elbow were observed. Radiographs and subsequent ultrasound were used to make the diagnosis of distal humeral epiphyseal separation...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Kalenia M Márquez-Flórez, Octavio Silva, Carlos A Narváez-Tovar, Diego A Garzón-Alvarado
We used a three-dimensional rigid body spring model (RBSM) to compare the contact force distributions on the acetabular surface of the infant hip joint that are produced by three orthopedic treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We analyzed treatments using a Pavlik harness, a generic rigid splint, and a spica cast. The joint geometry was modeled from tomography images of a 1-year-old female. The articular cartilage was modeled as linear springs connecting the surfaces of the acetabulum and the femoral head, whereas the femur and the hip bone were considered as rigid bodies...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Chanukya R Dasari, Manjot Sandhu, David H Wisner, Michael S Wong
BACKGROUND: Hand trauma call duties at university medical centers are traditionally split among plastic surgeons and orthopedic surgeons, frequently without additional fellowship training in hand and upper-extremity surgery. Differences in operative approach between these groups have never been specifically described. The University Health Consortium-Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Practice Solutions Center database contains comprehensive, factual, billing and coding data from 90 academic medical centers in the United States and can be used to characterize the practice patterns of various academic surgical specialties...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Jonathan Twu, Jovito Angeles
Developmental trigger thumb, although uncommon, can be easily identifiable in the pediatric outpatient visit. Patients often present with their thumb locked in flexion and a firm nodule at the base of the thumb. The thumb is usually passively correctable and nonpainful. It is important to examine the opposite thumb as bilateral trigger thumbs occur at a rate of 25% to 30%. Nonsurgical options have been proposed in the past including watchful waiting, extension exercises, splinting, and steroid injections with mixed results...
April 2016: Pediatric Annals
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