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ppd in medicine students

Vicki Langendyk, Glenn Mason, Shaoyu Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study analyses the ways in which curriculum reform facilitated student learning about professionalism. METHODS: Design-based research provided the structure for an iterative approach to curriculum change which we undertook over a 3 year period. The learning environment of the Personal and Professional Development Theme (PPD) was analysed through the sociocultural lens of Activity Theory. Lave and Wenger's and Mezirow's learning theories informed curriculum reform to support student development of a patient-centred and critically reflective professional identity...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2015 Conference is the 12th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, and social domains, and even from philosophy or linguistics. It opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro and nano technologies for personalized medicine by presenting keynotes, invited talks, oral presentations, and short poster presentations provided by close to 100 authors from 20 countries from various parts of the world...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2014 Conference is the 11th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, and social domains, all related to the provision of personalized health services. Aspects such as cooperation between primary, secondary and tertiary health care establishments, the inclusion of social care, home care and lifestyle management, practical experiences with local or regional telemedicine services, management of chronic diseases, Quality assurance challenges, health games, terminologies and ontologies, data management and visualizations, medical decision support, monitoring of environmental and living conditions of citizens using mobile wearable or implementable technologies as well as social and ethical issues of health (care) provision are to be addressed by almost 40 speakers from various parts of the world...
2014: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Iman Hegazi, Ian Wilson
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an indispensable skill in medicine and is an integral part of 'professionalism'. Yet, there is still increasing concern among medical educators and medical professionals regarding the decline in medical students' empathy during medical education. AIMS: This article aims at comparing the levels of empathy in medical school students across the different years of undergraduate medical education. It also aims at examining differences in empathy in relation to gender, year of study, cultural and religious backgrounds, previous tertiary education and certain programmes within the curriculum...
December 2013: Medical Teacher
Qammar Abbas, Hafiz Imran, Ameer Rasheed
SESSION TYPE: Critical Care Student/Resident Case Report Posters IIPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is generally considered an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen and is rarely encountered as a pathogen causing community-acquired soft tissue infection.CASE PRESENTATION: A 54 year old female presented with bilateral hand pain followed by all four extremity weakness and urinary incontinence over a period of two months. She has h/o well controlled hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2 and arthritis...
October 1, 2012: Chest
H M Tamim, M Ferwana, E Al Banyan, I Al Alwan, A H Hajeer
The College of Medicine at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) was established in January 2004. The four-year curriculum was based on the Problem Based Learning (PBL) format and involved the web-based graduate medical program adopted from the University of Sydney, Australia. At KSAU-HS, one additional semester was added to the beginning of this curriculum to prepare the students in English language skills, PBL, Information Technology and Evidence Based Medicine (EBM). EBM is part of the Personal and Professional Development (PPD) theme of the medical curriculum and is integrated into each stage of the medical curriculum...
2009: Medical Education Online
Sarah Ross, Alison Maclachlan, Jennifer Cleland
BACKGROUND: Portfolios, widely used in undergraduate and postgraduate medicine, have variable purposes, formats and success. A recent systematic review summarised factors necessary for successful portfolio introduction but there are no studies investigating the views of students inexperienced in portfolio use towards portfolio learning. This study's aim was to survey student views about a prospective Professional and Personal Development (PPD) portfolio. METHODS: This was a qualitative, focus group study...
2009: BMC Medical Education
Debra Nestel, Iain J Robbe, Kenneth V Jones
During the last decade, ''medical professionalism'' has been scrutinized as a consequence of pressures from within and outside the health sciences professions. In response, professional organizations have reviewed ethical principles and developed explicit guidelines for the behavior of their members. Medical educators have revised undergraduate curricula with a view to supporting the development and maintenance of these essential professional behaviors. This article outlines perspectives on professionalism before describing the evolution of personal and professional development curricula in undergraduate health science education...
2005: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Phebe Tucker, Sheila Crow, Anne Cuccio, Ronald Schleifer, Jerry B Vannatta
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the use of literature to illustrate a postpartum depression lecture. METHODS: Medical students and faculty facilitators were surveyed after small group discussions. RESULTS: Students' ratings and comments were positive, and faculty comments were neutral to positive. CONCLUSION: Students valued this teaching method, while faculty observations reflected challenges of assessing literature's contributions to medical education in improving empathy and treatment outcome...
2004: Academic Psychiatry
Jill Gordon
CONTEXT: Altruism, accountability, duty, integrity, respect for others and lifelong learning are qualities that have been identified as central to medical professionalism. However, we do not have a systematically developed understanding of what is needed to optimise medical students' personal and professional development (PPD). We need some level of agreement on how to teach and assess PPD, but traditional educational methods may not be strong determinants of students' or graduates' actual behaviour in clinical settings...
April 2003: Medical Education
Jill Gordon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medical schools are placing more emphasis on students' personal and professional development (PPD) and are seeking ways of assessing student progress towards meeting outcome goals in relation to professionalism. The Faculty of Medicine at the University of Sydney sought an assessment method that would demonstrate the value of reflection in attaining PPD, provide feedback and encourage students to take responsibility for setting and achieving high standards of performance...
April 2003: Medical Education
M P Arbeláez, M C Ocampo, J Montoya, L M Jaramillo, P M Giraldo, A Maldonado, E Cano, O A Mejía, L F García, L F García
A cross-sectional study was done at the University of Antioquia, MedellIn, Colombia, to evaluate the response to a tuberculin skin test among students in undergraduate health programs (medicine, odontology, nursing, and bacteriology) as compared to undergraduate students in nonhealth programs. The study included students from the beginning, middle, and end of the university's academic programs. The sample of 490 students included 273 from health programs and 217 from nonhealth programs. Participants were randomly selected using lists provided by the university registrar, for the second semester of 1998...
October 2000: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
M O Tanimowo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis among Nigerian senior secondary school students. DESIGN: Questionnaire. SETTING: Ilorin Grammar School, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred and ninety one senior secondary students. INTERVENTION: Questionnaire explained in English to whole class by author. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Responses were streamlined and analysed based on responders, knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practices as regards tuberculosis...
January 1999: East African Medical Journal
D C Murphy, F S Younai
This pilot project was conducted for the purpose of performing a retrospective chart review on selected clients and using the results for evaluating purified protein derivative (PPD) conversion rates among the student population. The occupational risk of exposure to active tuberculosis was assessed in a large dental educational setting. Charts of clients seen in the College's Oral Medicine Clinic, referred out for health care consultation for one of several reasons potentially associated with active tuberculosis disease over a 1 year period, were reviewed...
August 1997: AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
J M Muñoz-Barret, A E Macías-Hernández, I Hernández-Ramos, E Durán-Martínez, R M Martínez-Magdaleno, H Medina-Valdovinos, G Cortés-Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tuberculin reactivity among medical students and the utility of RT-23 (2 tuberculin unit [TU] purified protein derivative [PPD]) produced in Mexico. DESIGN: A blind and comparative study was conducted in a school of medicine using simultaneously RT-23 and an American product (5 TU PPD) randomly assigned to each forearm and read 48 hours later. Ninety eight volunteers were included, 69 from the first year and 29 from the fifth year as medical students...
September 1996: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
E G Manusov, R D Bradshaw, J P Fogarty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Liaison Committee on Medical Education and the Association of American Medical Colleges have issued recommendations for screening medical students for tuberculosis. This report describes the initiation of a tuberculosis screening program at the F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS). METHODS: A screening program was instituted in 1993 that included intradermal purified protein derivative, the "booster phenomenon," inter-reader variability, risk factor analysis, and administrative policy to improve compliance...
October 1996: Family Medicine
M E Nelson, A R Fingar
In the mid-1980s, international students enrolled at Ohio University were identified as a high-risk group for tuberculosis (TB), contributing an estimated 30%-50% of all active TB cases in the sparsely populated county where the university is located. While the student health center routinely screened all newly enrolled international students with PPD Mantoux tests, no provision for Isoniazid (INH) chemoprophylaxis was available until the Preventive Medicine/Public Health Section of Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine initiated a program in September 1985...
May 1995: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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