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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786889/a-novel-conductive-mesoporous-layer-with-a-dynamic-two-step-deposition-strategy-boosts-efficiency-of-perovskite-solar-cells-to-20
#1
Haoxuan Sun, Kaimo Deng, Yayun Zhu, Min Liao, Jie Xiong, Yanrong Li, Liang Li
Lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with the high power conversion efficiency (PCE) typically use mesoporous metal oxide nanoparticles as the scaffold and electron-transport layers. However, the traditional mesoporous layer suffers from low electron conductivity and severe carrier recombination. Here, antimony-doped tin oxide nanorod arrays are proposed as novel transparent conductive mesoporous layers in PSCs. Such a mesoporous layer improves the electron transport as well as light utilization. To resolve the common problem of uneven growth of perovskite on rough surface, the dynamic two-step spin coating strategy is proposed to prepare highly smooth, dense, and crystallized perovskite films with micrometer-scale grains, largely reducing the carrier recombination ratio...
May 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786860/effect-of-cold-plasma-on-maintaining-the-quality-of-chub-mackerel-scomber-japonicus-biochemical-and-sensory-attributes
#2
Jing Chen, Sheng-Zhe Wang, Jun-Yu Chen, Dong-Zhi Chen, Shang-Gui Deng, Bin Xu
BACKGROUND: Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) has emerged as a potential alternative to traditional methods for non-thermal food decontamination. However, little data are available about ACP treatment for seafood. In this study, dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was applied to generate CP, and the aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of DBD-ACP on improving the quality of chub mackerel on the basis of chemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics. RESULTS: The effect of DBD-ACP on the quality of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) during storage was examined...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786854/muffins-elaborated-with-optimized-monoglycerides-oleogels-from-solid-fat-replacer-obtention-to-product-quality-evaluation
#3
Anabella S Giacomozzi, María E Carrín, Camila A Palla
This study demonstrates the effectiveness of using oleogels from high oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) and monoglycerides as solid fat replacers in a sweet bakery product. Firstly, a methodology to obtain oleogels with desired properties based on mathematical models able to describe relationships between process and product characteristics variables followed by multi-objective optimization was applied. Later, muffins were prepared with the optimized oleogels and their physicochemical and textural properties were compared with those of muffins formulated using a commercial margarine (Control) or only HOSO...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786840/spray-drying-of-milk-blackberry-pulp-mixture-effect-of-carrier-agent-on-the-physical-properties-of-powder-water-sorption-and-glass-transition-temperature
#4
Matheus Boeira Braga, Sandra Cristina Dos Santos Rocha, Miriam Dupas Hubinger
Spray dryer was used to produce particles from a milk-blackberry pulp mixture (25%:75% (w/w)). Maltodextrin 10DE and 20DE and gum Arabic were used as adjuvants in order to improve powder quality. The particles were analyzed with emphasis on physical and physicochemical characteristics: moisture content, bulk density, particle size, morphology, water activity, anthocyanins retention, anthocyanins content, hygroscopicity, solubility, water sorption, and glass transition temperature. The best results were obtained for the paste composition of 25% concentrated milk-70% blackberry pulp-5% gum Arabic, yielding high anthocyanins retention (>87...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#5
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786781/the-ejes-3d-tool-for-personalized-prescription-of-exercise-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-through-multimedia-animations-pilot-study
#6
Mariano Tomás Flórez, Raquel Almodóvar, Fernando García Pérez, Ana Belén Rodríguez Cambrón, Loreto Carmona, María Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, Juan Aboitiz Cantalapiedra, Ana Urruticoechea-Arana, Carlos J Rodríguez Lozano, Carmen Castro, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Eugenio de Miguel, Eva Galíndez, José Luis Álvarez Vega, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis F Linares, Mireia Moreno, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Xavier Juanola, Pedro Zarco
To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop...
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786775/stormram-4-an-mr-safe-robotic-system-for-breast-biopsy
#7
Vincent Groenhuis, Françoise J Siepel, Jeroen Veltman, Jordy K van Zandwijk, Stefano Stramigioli
Suspicious lesions in the breast that are only visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) need to be biopsied under MR guidance with high accuracy and efficiency for accurate diagnosis. The aim of this study is to present a novel robotic system, the Stormram 4, and to perform preclinical tests in an MRI environment. Excluding racks and needle, its dimensions are 72 × 51 × 40 mm. The Stormram 4 is driven by two linear and two curved pneumatic stepper motors. The linear motor is capable of exerting 63 N of force at a pressure of 0...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786680/-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-bioclimatic-comfort-at-the-territories-of-the-russian-far-east-with-reference-to-winter-time-recreational-activities-and-primary-wellness-tourism
#8
N M Pestereva, A F Khechumyan, N Vorozbit
BACKGROUND: in the framework of the current tendency toward the further development of the socio-economic sphere in the Russian Far East (RFE), the relevant investigations aimed at creating the comfortable conditions for recreational and touristic activities as well as for rehabilitative therapy of the local population acquire the increasingly greater importance. AIM: The objective of the present study was the comprehensive evaluation of the bioclimatic comfort at the territories of interest with special reference to winter-time recreational activities and primary wellness tourism...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786678/-the-feasibility-of-the-early-application-of-the-means-for-the-physical-rehabilitation-with-a-view-to-improvement-of-life-quality-in-the-women-presenting-with-postmastectomy-syndrome
#9
T E Odinets, Y A Briskin
BACKGROUND: the problem of rehabilitation and improvement of the life quality of women with the postmastectomy syndrome holds an important place in the modern concept of the treatment of breast cancer. AIM: The objective of the present study was to determine the purposefulness of the early application of the available means and methods of physical rehabilitation for the improvement of the life quality in the women presenting with postmastectomy syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 135 women with the postmastectomy syndrome who had undergone radical mastectomy as described by Madden followed by postoperative radiotherapy...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786677/-combined-rehabilitation-in-the-patients-presenting-with-dorsopathies-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-concomitant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-based-at-a-therapeutic-clinic
#10
E V Sevostyanova, Y A Nikolaev, N V Bogdankevich, V G Lusheva, N A Dolgova, V Y Polyakov
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity constitutes a serious challenge for rehabilitative medicine. The comorbidity of the dorsopathy of the lumbar spine and irritable bowel syndrome mutually complicates the clinical course of both conditions, significantly reduces the patients' quality of life. and increases the costs of diagnostic procedures and restoration of the working capacity. The approaches to the non-pharmacological management of the patients presenting with these diseases remain to be developed...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786672/the-impacts-of-spatiotemporal-landscape-changes-on-water-quality-in-shenzhen-china
#11
Zhenhuan Liu, Haiyan Yang
The urban landscape in China has changed rapidly over the past four decades, which has led to various environmental consequences, such as water quality degradation at the regional scale. To improve water restoration strategies and policies, this study assessed the relationship between water quality and landscape change in Shenzhen, China, using panel regression analysis. The results show that decreases in natural and semi-natural landscape compositions have had significant negative effects on water quality...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786638/impact-of-appointment-based-medication-synchronization-on-proportion-of-days-covered-for-chronic-medications
#12
Nancy Dao, Sun Lee, Micah Hata, Lord Sarino
Appointment-based medication synchronization (ABMS) programs have been associated with increased adherence and persistence to chronic medications. Adherence to statin therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and non-insulin antidiabetic medications (NIDM) are used to determine a health plan's Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Star Rating under a pay-for-performance model. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of implementing an ABMS program on overall pharmacy adherence measures for statins, ACEI/ARBs, and NIDM, as presented through the Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP©) platform...
May 22, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786614/a-novel-optimization-framework-for-vmat-with-dynamic-gantry-couch-rotation
#13
Qihui Lyu, Victoria Y Yu, Dan Ruan, Ryan Neph, Daniel O'Connor, Ke Sheng
Existing Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) optimization using coplanar arcs is highly efficient but usually dosimetrically inferior to intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with optimized non-coplanar beams. To achieve both dosimetric quality and delivery efficiency, we proposed in this study, a novel integrated optimization method for non-coplanar VMAT (4πVMAT). 4πVMAT with Direct Aperture Optimization (DAO) was achieved by utilizing a least square dose fidelity objective, along with an anisotropic total variation term for regularizing the fluence smoothness, a single segment term for imposing simple apertures, and a group sparsity term for selecting beam angles...
May 22, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786601/heterogeneous-photocatalysis-and-its-potential-applications-in-water-and-wastewater-treatment-a-review
#14
Syed N Ahmed, Waseem Haider
There has been a considerable amount of research in the development of sustainable water treatment techniques capable of improving the quality of water. Unavailability of drinkable water is a crucial issue especially in regions where conventional drinking water treatment systems fail to eradicate aquatic pathogens, toxic metal ions and industrial waste. The research and development in this area have given rise to a new class of processes called Advanced Oxidation Processes, particularly in the form of heterogeneous photocatalysis, which converts photon energy into chemical energy...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786578/-influence-of-basic-dental-materials-on-indicators-of-free-radical-oxidation-and-antioxidant-blood-s-potential-of-white-rats-experimental-study
#15
Vitalii S Kuz, Valentyn N Dvornyk, Vitalii A Kostenko, Gelfira M Kuz, Oleh Ye Akimov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Basic materials used in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry are high-polymer compounds and have a number of positive properties in certain conditions. The main group of materials for manufacturing of removable dentures is acrylic plastics of hot polymerization. However, such materials can sometimes cause a number of complications. Using removable prostheses, which are made of acrylic plastics can cause the development of an allergic or toxic-chemical reaction of tissues of the prosthetic bed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#16
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786561/impedance-based-cellular-assays-for-regenerative-medicine
#17
REVIEW
W Gamal, H Wu, I Underwood, J Jia, S Smith, P O Bagnaninchi
Therapies based on regenerative techniques have the potential to radically improve healthcare in the coming years. As a result, there is an emerging need for non-destructive and label-free technologies to assess the quality of engineered tissues and cell-based products prior to their use in the clinic. In parallel, the emerging regenerative medicine industry that aims to produce stem cells and their progeny on a large scale will benefit from moving away from existing destructive biochemical assays towards data-driven automation and control at the industrial scale...
July 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786478/multisociety-consensus-quality-improvement-revised-consensus-statement-for-endovascular-therapy-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#18
David Sacks, Blaise Baxter, Bruce C V Campbell, Jeffrey S Carpenter, Christophe Cognard, Diederik Dippel, Muneer Eesa, Urs Fischer, Klaus Hausegger, Joshua A Hirsch, Muhammad Shazam Hussain, Olav Jansen, Mahesh V Jayaraman, Alexander A Khalessi, Bryan W Kluck, Sean Lavine, Philip M Meyers, Stephen Ramee, Daniel A Rüfenacht, Clemens M Schirmer, Dierk Vorwerk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786412/the-use-of-scoring-balloons-in-the-superficial-femoral-artery
#19
Simon Bays
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting is becoming increasingly the first line treatment for patients with both claudication and critical limb ischaemia instead of surgery, with the aim of returning the patient's quality of life in the former and preventing amputation. Drug eluting technologies have seen a large surge in popularity in recent years, and significant patient benefits have been seen with the use of drug eluting stents and balloons over the use of plain balloon angioplasty. Unfortunately in many patients with arterial disease there is significant vessel wall calcification - this can theoretically be a barrier to drug delivery, and can also be a contributing factor to flow limiting dissection and the subsequent need for bail out stenting...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786036/overall-blastocyst-quality-trophectoderm-grade-and-inner-cell-mass-grade-predict-pregnancy-outcome-in-euploid-blastocyst-transfer-cycles
#20
Yan-Yu Zhao, Yang Yu, Xiao-Wei Zhang
Background: Despite recent advances that have improved the pregnancy success rates that can be achieved via in vitro fertilization (IVF) therapy, it is not yet clear which blastocyst morphological parameters best predict the outcomes of single blastocyst transfer. In addition, most of the previous studies did not exclude the effect of embryo aneuploidy on blastocysts transfer. Thus, the present study investigated the predictive value of various parameters on the pregnancy outcomes achieved via the transfer of frozen euploid blastocysts...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
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