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artificial sweeteners

Luis F Valdez, Juan Manuel Gutiérrez
In this work, we will analyze the response of a Metal Oxide Gas Sensor (MOGS) array to a flow controlled stimulus generated in a pressure controlled canister produced by a homemade olfactometer to build an E-nose. The built E-nose is capable of chocolate identification between the 26 analyzed chocolate bar samples and four features recognition (chocolate type, extra ingredient, sweetener and expiration date status). The data analysis tools used were Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)...
October 20, 2016: Sensors
Karinne Saucedo-Vence, Armando Elizalde-Velázquez, Octavio Dublán-García, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Hariz Islas-Flores, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Sandra García-Medina, María Dolores Hernández-Navarro, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
Sucralose (SUC) is an artificial sweetener that is now widely used in North American and Europe; it has been detected in a wide variety of aquatic environments. It is considered safe for human consumption but its effects in the ecosystem have not yet been studied in depth, since limited ecotoxicological data are available in the peer-reviewed literature. This study aimed to evaluate potential SUC-induced toxicological hazard in the blood, brain, gill, liver and muscle of Cyprinus carpio using oxidative stress biomarkers...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Heng Lin, Nihal Oturan, Jie Wu, Virender K Sharma, Hui Zhang, Mehmet A Oturan
The degradation and mineralization of aspartame (ASP) in aqueous solution were investigated, for the first time, by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) in which hydroxyl radicals were formed concomitantly in the bulk from Fenton reaction via in situ electrogenerated Fenton's reagent and at the anode surface from the water oxidation. Experiments were performed in an undivided cylindrical glass cell with a carbon-felt cathode and a Pt or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The effect of Fe(2+) concentration and applied current on the degradation and mineralization kinetics of ASP was evaluated...
October 8, 2016: Chemosphere
Pill Won Seo, Nazmul Abedin Khan, Zubair Hasan, Sung Hwa Jhung
A highly porous metal-organic framework (MOF), MIL-101, was modified to introduce urea or melamine via grafting on open metal sites of the MOF. Adsorptive removal of three artificial sweeteners (ASWs) was studied using the MOFs, with or without modifications (including nitration), and activated carbon (AC). The adsorbed quantities (based on the weight of the adsorbent) of saccharin (SAC) under various conditions decreased in the order urea-MIL-101 > melamine-MIL-101 > MIL-101 > AC > O2N-MIL-101; however, the quantities based on unit surface area are in the order melamine-MIL-101 > urea-MIL-101 > MIL-101 > O2N-MIL-101...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zoya Zaeem, Lily Zhou, Esma Dilli
Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Ting Gong, Quan-Wei Wei, Da-Gan Mao, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Taya, Fang-Xiong Shi
Saccharin sodium consumption is considered safe and beneficial owing to its highly intense sweetness without any associated calories, yet supporting scientific data remain sparse and controversial. Herein, we demonstrated that dose-response relationships existed for with regard to administration of saccharin or sucrose to mice for 35 days, and this association involved testis- expressed sweet-tasting molecules (taste receptor type 1 subunit 3, T1R3; G protein alpha-gustducin, G-alpha). Mouse body weights and testis weights in middle- and low-dose saccharin-treated groups were increased with up-expressions of molecules involved in testicular sweet taste and steroidogenic (middle saccharin: steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, StAR; P450 cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme, CYP11A1; 17-alpha-Hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase, CYP17A1; low saccharin: StAR)...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Patrick Mullie, Peter Clarys, Philippe Autier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Claudia Pagliari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Meghan B Azad, Russell J de Souza, Atul K Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Mari Mohn Paulsen, Jannicke Borch Myhre, Lene Frost Andersen
Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks) and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787) in 2010-2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer...
2016: Nutrients
Jéssica Ferreira Rodrigues, Rafaela da Silva Andrade, Sabrina Carvalho Bastos, Sandra Bragança Coelho, Ana Carla Marques Pinheiro
High sugar consumption has been related to several chronic diseases and thus, many alternative sweeteners have been extensively researched. However, there is still controversy regarding the harmful effects of their consumption, mainly regarding the use of artificial sweeteners, controversy which increases the demand for natural sweeteners, such as miracle fruit. This tropical plant grows in West Africa is named for its unique ability of changing a sour taste into sweet. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the temporal profile of miracle fruit and assess its sugar substitute power in sour beverages through time-intensity and temporal dominance of sensations tests...
September 13, 2016: Appetite
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
The choice of suitable normal foods is limited for individuals with particular medical conditions e.g. inborn errors of metabolism (phenylketonuria, PKU) or severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Patients may have dietary restrictions and exclusive or partial replacement of specific food groups with specially formulated products to meet particular nutrition requirements. Artificial sweeteners are used to improve the appearance and palatability of such food products to avoid food refusal and ensure dietary adherence...
September 9, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Daniele Mandrioli, Cristin E Kearns, Lisa A Bero
BACKGROUND: Artificially sweetened beverage consumption has steadily increased in the last 40 years. Several reviews examining the effects of artificially sweetened beverages on weight outcomes have discrepancies in their results and conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether risk of bias, results, and conclusions of reviews of effects of artificially sweetened beverage consumption on weight outcomes differ depending on review sponsorship and authors' financial conflicts of interest...
2016: PloS One
Marjorie L Prokosch, Sarah E Hill
Much research in social psychology has investigated the impact of bodily energy need on cognition and decision-making. As such, blood glucose, the body's primary energy source, has been of special interest to researchers for years. Fluctuations in blood glucose have been linked to a variety of changes in cognitive and behavioral processes, such as self-control, political attitudes, and eating behavior. To help meet growing interest in the links between bodily energy need and these processes, this manuscript offers a simple methodology to experimentally manipulate blood glucose using a fasting procedure followed by administration of a sugar-sweetened, unsweetened, or artificially-sweetened beverage...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Karina R Lora, Brenda Davy, Valisa Hedrick, Ann M Ferris, Michael P Anderson, Dorothy Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between high-calorie beverage consumption and weight gain requires an accurate report of dietary intake. A critical need exists to develop and test the psychometrics of brief quantitative tools for minority pediatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To modify the adult beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) for Hispanic preschool-aged children (BEVQ-PS) and test its validity and test-retest reliability in children aged 3 to 5 years...
August 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Petra A Wark, Dora Romaguera, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Dominique Michaud, Esther Molina-Montes, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Guy Fagherazzi, Verena A Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Annika Steffen, Antonia Trichopoulou, Eleni Klinaki, Eleni-Maria Papatesta, Giovanna Masala, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, Amalia Mattiello, Petra H Peeters, Charlotta Rylander, Christine L Parr, Guri Skeie, Elisabete Weiderpass, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Miren Dorronsoro, José María Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Tim Key, Magdalena Stepien, Heinz Freisling, Elio Riboli, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sweet beverages has been associated with greater risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity, which may be involved in the development of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that sweet beverages may increase pancreatic cancer risk as well. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between sweet-beverage consumption (including total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink and juice and nectar consumption) and pancreatic cancer risk...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Chow, S Costain, M Brosnan, C Murray
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sugar, a known aetiological factor in dental decay, has been used in paediatric medications as a bulking agent, preservative and to improve taste. Although artificial sweeteners have largely replaced sugar, some prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) paediatric medications and supplements containing sugar are still available in New Zealand. Little is currently known about the knowledge, opinions and practices of staff in NZ pharmacies regarding sugar-containing paediatric medications...
June 2016: New Zealand Dental Journal
Chenggu Cai, Hua Jiang, Lei Li, Tianming Liu, Xuejie Song, Bo Liu
Sweet state is a basic physiological sensation of humans and other mammals which is mediated by the broadly acting sweet taste receptor-the heterodimer of Tas1r2 (taste receptor type 1 member 2) and Tas1r3 (taste receptor type 1 member 3). Various sweeteners interact with either Tas1r2 or Tas1r3 and then activate the receptor. In this study, we cloned, expressed and functionally characterized the taste receptor Tas1r2 from a species of Old World monkeys, the rhesus monkey. Paired with the human TAS1R3, it was shown that the rhesus monkey Tas1r2 could respond to natural sugars, amino acids and their derivates...
2016: PloS One
A Narain, C S Kwok, M A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Soft drink consumption is associated with adverse health behaviours that predispose to adverse cardiovascular risk factor profiles; however, it is unclear whether their intake independently leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate this. METHODS: Medline and EMBASE were searched in July 2015 for studies that considered soft drink intake and risk of mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Jane Shearer, Susan E Swithers
Escalating rates of obesity and public health messages to reduce excessive sugar intake have fuelled the consumption of artificial sweeteners in a wide range of products from breakfast cereals to snack foods and beverages. Artificial sweeteners impart a sweet taste without the associated energy and have been widely recommended by medical professionals since they are considered safe. However, associations observed in long-term prospective studies raise the concern that regular consumption of artificial sweeteners might actually contribute to development of metabolic derangements that lead to obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
June 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
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