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artificial sweeteners

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618659/projected-impact-of-climate-change-and-chemical-emissions-on-the-water-quality-of-the-european-rivers-rhine-and-meuse-a-drinking-water-perspective
#1
Rosa M A Sjerps, Thomas L Ter Laak, Gertjan J J G Zwolsman
Low river discharges of the rivers Rhine and Meuse are expected to occur more often and more prolonged in a changing climate. During these dry periods the dilution of point sources such as sewage effluents is reduced leading to a decline in chemical water quality. This study projects chemical water quality of the rivers Rhine and Meuse in the year 2050, based on projections of chemical emissions and two climate scenarios: moderate and fast climate change. It focuses on specific compounds known to be relevant to drinking water production, i...
June 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618238/antiglycating-potential-of-acesulfame-potassium-an-artificial-sweetener
#2
Ahmad Ali, Tejashree Anil More, Amaritpal Kaur Hoonjan, Subramanian Sivakami
Sweeteners have replaced the natural sugars in the food and beverage industry because of many reasons such as hyperglycemia and cost. Saccharin, Sucralose, Aspartame and Acesulfame-K are the most commonly used sweeteners. In the present study, the above mentioned artificial sweeteners were used to assess their glycating properties by established methods like browning, fructosamine assay, determination of carbonyl content, protein aggregation and measurement of fluorescence. Amadori and Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) are formed as a result of the interaction between carbonyl groups of reducing sugars and amino groups of proteins and other macromolecules during Glycation...
June 15, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614740/investigation-of-ozonation-kinetics-and-transformation-products-of-sucralose
#3
Ruikang Hu, Lifeng Zhang, Jiangyong Hu
Sucralose is one of widely used artificial sweeteners, which has been ubiquitously detected in various water sources, such as wastewater and randomly in reservoir water. It is also reported to be persistent to various water treatment techniques. Although there are some studies on removal of sucralose by advanced oxidation process, limited information, in terms of reaction kinetics, transformation products and degradation pathway etc., was reported in its ozonation process. In this study, the reaction kinetics, removal efficiency, influence of pH, humic acid and carbonate on sucralose degradation by ozone, have been studied systematically...
June 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605847/impact-of-on-site-small-and-large-scale-wastewater-treatment-facilities-on-levels-and-fate-of-pharmaceuticals-personal-care-products-artificial-sweeteners-pesticides-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-recipient-waters
#4
Pablo Gago-Ferrero, Meritxell Gros, Lutz Ahrens, Karin Wiberg
One of the main risks associated with effluents from both wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and on-site sewage treatment facilities (OSSFs) is the release of micropollutants (MPs) in receiving water bodies. However, the impact of MPs present in the effluents of OSSFs in the aquatic environment has not been studied so far. The current study evaluates the impact of the effluents of OSSFs and small-to-large scale WWTPs on natural waters. The discharge of 74 MPs was assessed including pharmaceuticals, personal care products, pesticides, artificial sweeteners and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)...
June 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598045/soft-drinks-consumption-and-the-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Jalees Fatima, Sachin Khanduri, Shishir Varshneya, Sara Sabina Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: The increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been implicated in the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic syndrome Little of the research on sugar-sweetened beverage intake has examined the consumption patterns of sugared beverages by college students, despite the vulnerabilities of this population to weight gain. The current study sought to characterize sugar-sweetened beverage intake of undergraduate students who belong to high socio-economic strata and to study its correlation with presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594855/the-artificial-sweetener-acesulfame-potassium-affects-the-gut-microbiome-and-body-weight-gain-in-cd-1-mice
#6
Xiaoming Bian, Liang Chi, Bei Gao, Pengcheng Tu, Hongyu Ru, Kun Lu
Artificial sweeteners have been widely used in the modern diet, and their observed effects on human health have been inconsistent, with both beneficial and adverse outcomes reported. Obesity and type 2 diabetes have dramatically increased in the U.S. and other countries over the last two decades. Numerous studies have indicated an important role of the gut microbiome in body weight control and glucose metabolism and regulation. Interestingly, the artificial sweetener saccharin could alter gut microbiota and induce glucose intolerance, raising questions about the contribution of artificial sweeteners to the global epidemic of obesity and diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587159/effects-of-low-dose-non-caloric-sweetener-consumption-on-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#7
Takashi Uebanso, Ai Ohnishi, Reiko Kitayama, Ayumi Yoshimoto, Mutsumi Nakahashi, Takaaki Shimohata, Kazuaki Mawatari, Akira Takahashi
Abstract: Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NASs) provide sweet tastes to food without adding calories or glucose. NASs can be used as alternative sweeteners for controlling blood glucose levels and weight gain. Although the consumption of NASs has increased over the past decade in Japan and other countries, whether these sweeteners affect the composition of the gut microbiome is unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of sucralose or acesulfame-K ingestion (at most the maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) levels, 15 mg/kg body weight) on the gut microbiome in mice...
June 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586472/maternal-consumption-of-artificially-sweetened-beverages-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-growth-through-7-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Shristi Rawal, Stefanie N Hinkle, Edwina H Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Louise G Grunnet, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Artificial sweeteners are widely replacing caloric sweeteners. Data on long-term impact of artificially sweetened beverage (ASB) consumption during pregnancy on offspring obesity risk are lacking. We prospectively investigated intake of ASBs and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) during pregnancy in relation to offspring growth through age 7 years among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes. Methods: In a prospective study of 918 mother-singleton child dyads from the Danish National Birth Cohort, maternal dietary intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire during pregnancy...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571543/aspartame-should-individuals-with-type-ii-diabetes-be-taking-it
#9
Arbind Kumar Choudhary
BACKGROUND: Individuals with type II diabetes (T2D) have to manage blood glucose levels to sustain health and longevity. Artificial sweeteners (including aspartame) are suggested sugar alternatives for these individuals. The safety of aspartame in particular, has long been the centre of debate. Although it is such a controversial product, many clinicians recommend its use to T2D patients, during a controlled diet and as part of an intervention strategy. Aspartame is 200 times sweeter than sugar and has a negligible effect on blood glucose levels, and it is suggested for use so that T2D can control carbohydrate intake and blood glucose levels...
May 31, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550797/potential-tracers-for-tracking-septic-tank-effluent-discharges-in-watercourses
#10
Samia Richards, Paul J A Withers, Eric Paterson, Colin W McRoberts, Marc Stutter
Septic tank effluent (STE) contributes to catchment nutrient and pollutant loads. To assess the role of STE discharges in impairment of surface water, it is essential to identify the sources of pollution by tracing contaminants in watercourses. We examined tracers that were present in STE to establish their potential for identifying STE contamination in two stream systems (low and high dilution levels) against the background of upstream sources. The studied tracers were microbial, organic matter fluorescence, caffeine, artificial sweeteners and effluent chemical concentrations...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548564/eating-habits-and-food-additive-intakes-are-associated-with-emotional-states-based-on-eeg-and-hrv-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#11
Jin Young Kim, Hye Lim Kang, Dae-Keun Kim, Seung Wan Kang, Yoo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Recent study suggests that psychological issues and eating habits are closely related. In this study, we aimed to find the association between eating habits and intakes of artificial sweeteners with emotional states of schoolchildren using quantitatively analyzing objective biosignals. METHODS: The study was conducted at the National Standard Reference Data Center for Korean EEG as a cross-sectional study. Three hundred eighteen healthy children who have not been diagnosed with neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (168 girls and 150 boys; mean age of 11...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482458/potential-of-vegetated-ditches-to-manage-organic-pollutants-derived-from-agricultural-runoff-and-domestic-sewage-a-case-study-in-sinaloa-mexico
#12
Monika Moeder, Otoniel Carranza-Diaz, Gabriela López-Angulo, Rito Vega-Aviña, Francisco Armando Chávez-Durán, Seifeddine Jomaa, Ursula Winkler, Steffi Schrader, Thorsten Reemtsma, Francisco Delgado-Vargas
This case study presents the fate of selected organic, priority and emerging pollutants along a 3.6km sector of a vegetated, agricultural ditch situated in Sinaloa (Mexico). The ditch receives runoff of agriculture and domestic wastewater from an adjacent community. During 2013, the occurrence of 38 organic pollutants (pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), artificial sweeteners and pharmaceutical residues) was monitored monthly at five selected points in the ditch water. Additionally, sediment and Typha domingensis (cattail) plants were collected in March, June, and September 2013 and investigated concerning their ability to absorb and accumulate pollutants...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482217/ruthenium-ii-complexes-of-saccharin-with-dipyridoquinoxaline-and-dipyridophenazine-structures-biological-interactions-and-photoinduced-dna-damage-activity
#13
Priyaranjan Kumar, Srikanth Dasari, Ashis K Patra
Ruthenium complexes trans-[Ru(sac)2(dpq)2] (1) and trans-[Ru(sac)2(dppz)2] (2) where sac is artificial sweetener saccharin (o-sulfobenzimide; 1,2-benzothiazole-3(2H)-one1,1-dioxide (Hsac)), dpq = dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline and dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine have been synthesized and thoroughly characterized using various analytical and spectral techniques. Saccharin known to act as carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) inhibitor which is a biomarker for highly aggressive and proliferative tumor in hypoxic stress, so inhibition of CA IX is a potential strategy for anticancer chemotherapy...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475596/long-term-rebaudioside-a-treatment-does-not-alter-circadian-activity-rhythms-adiposity-or-insulin-action-in-male-mice
#14
Thomas H Reynolds, Rachelle A Soriano, Obadi A Obadi, Stanley Murkland, Bernard Possidente
Obesity is a major public health problem that is highly associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, two conditions associated with circadian disruption. To date, dieting is one of the only interventions that result in substantial weight loss, but restricting caloric intake is difficult to maintain long-term. The use of artificial sweeteners, particularly in individuals that consume sugar sweetened beverages (energy drinks, soda), can reduce caloric intake and possibly facilitate weight loss. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of the artificial sweetener, rebaudioside A (Reb-A), on circadian rhythms, in vivo insulin action, and the susceptibility to diet-induced obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444711/are-we-justified-in-suggesting-change-to-caffeine-alcohol-and-carbonated-drink-intake-in-lower-urinary-tract-disease-report-from-the-ici-rs-2015
#15
REVIEW
Dudley Robinson, Ann Hanna-Mitchell, Angie Rantell, Gans Thiagamoorthy, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that diet may have a significant role in the development of lower urinary tract symptoms. While fluid intake is known to affect lower urinary tract function the effects of alcohol, caffeine, carbonated drinks, and artificial sweeteners are less well understood and evidence from epidemiological studies is mixed and sometimes contradictory. The aim of this paper is to appraise the available evidence on the effect of caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated drinks on lower urinary tract function and dysfunction in addition to suggesting proposals for further research...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441725/sweet-taste-receptor-activation-in-the-gut-is-of-limited-importance-for-glucose-stimulated-glp-1-and-gip-secretion
#16
Monika Y Saltiel, Rune E Kuhre, Charlotte B Christiansen, Rasmus Eliasen, Kilian W Conde-Frieboes, Mette M Rosenkilde, Jens J Holst
Glucose stimulates the secretion of the incretin hormones: glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP). It is debated whether the sweet taste receptor (STR) triggers this secretion. We investigated the role of STR activation for glucose-stimulated incretin secretion from an isolated perfused rat small intestine and whether selective STR activation by artificial sweeteners stimulates secretion. Intra-luminal administration of the STR agonists, acesulfame K (3.85% w/v), but not sucralose (1...
April 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428347/sugar-sweetened-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-in-relation-to-stroke-and-dementia-are-soft-drinks-hard-on-the-brain
#17
EDITORIAL
Heike Wersching, Hannah Gardener, Ralph L Sacco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428346/sugar-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-and-the-risks-of-incident-stroke-and-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Matthew P Pase, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa S Beiser, Hugo J Aparicio, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri, Paul F Jacques
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverage intake have been linked to cardiometabolic risk factors, which increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease and dementia. We examined whether sugar- or artificially sweetened beverage consumption was associated with the prospective risks of incident stroke or dementia in the community-based Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort. METHODS: We studied 2888 participants aged >45 years for incident stroke (mean age 62 [SD, 9] years; 45% men) and 1484 participants aged >60 years for incident dementia (mean age 69 [SD, 6] years; 46% men)...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412769/applicability-of-geochemical-techniques-and-artificial-sweeteners-in-discriminating-the-anthropogenic-sources-of-chloride-in-shallow-groundwater-north-of-toronto-canada
#19
Esmaeil Khazaei, William Milne-Home
Elevated levels of chloride concentration due to anthropogenic activities including the road salts, septic effluent and agricultural sources are common in shallow groundwater of the recent glacial deposits north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Identifying suitable techniques for discriminating the source of the chloride concentration helps to better plan the protection of groundwater in the area. This paper examines the applicability of geochemical techniques with emphasis on Panno et al. (Ground Water 44: 176-187, 2006) and Mullaney et al...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402535/sugar-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-linked-to-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Darin Ruanpeng, Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Tasma Harindhanavudhi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Artificial sweeteners are used widely to replace caloric sugar as one of the strategies to lessen caloric intake. However, the association between the risk of obesity and artificially-sweetened soda consumption is controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between consumption of sugar and artificially-sweetened soda and obesity. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception through May 2015...
April 11, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
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