keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

natural sweeteners

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925212/sucrose-replacement-in-high-ratio-white-layer-cakes
#1
Rebecca A Miller, Orelia E Dann, Amanda R Oakley, Megan E Angermayer, Katherine H Brackebusch
BACKGROUND: Several commercially available alternative sweeteners have potential in reducing the caloric content of baked products. Sugar alcohols and natural sweeteners have similar bulk as sucrose and can replace sucrose directly. High intensity sweeteners have high potency but light weight so bulking agents are often added. This study determined alternative sweeteners and combinations of alternative sweetener and a bulking agent that produced good quality white layer cakes. RESULTS: Cakes made with maltitol were acceptable but erythritol and fructose produced undesirable cakes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916004/sugars-and-health-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-policy
#2
Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
The automation of the process of extracting sugars in the 1900s reduced cost and increased availability of sugars leading to a dramatic rise in consumption, which reached a peak in the 1970s. There are different definitions for sugars not naturally available in foods, and free sugars is the term used by WHO. The epidemiological evidence of the associations between sugars and obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus is fairly strong and consistent, particularly for sugar sweetened drinks in adults. The Department of Health in the UK and many other countries have recently updated their recommendations for free sugars as a result of this scientific evidence...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862504/assignment-of-sugar-arrangement-in-branched-steviol-glycosides-using-esi-qtof-ms-ms
#3
Wilmer H Perera, Bharathi Avula, Ikhlas A Khan, James D McChesney
RATIONALE: Steviol glycosides with an ent-kaurene core are being used in the Food Industry as non-caloric sweeteners. These compounds are chemically similar in terms of sugar types and sugar arrangements. In order to assign sugar positions, we describe herein, the dissociation pattern for steviol glycosides under varying collision energies. METHODS: Steviol glycosides (1 mg/mL, 2 μL) were automatically injected into the mass spectrometer by direct infusion using a 100-well tray autosampler...
November 8, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848976/tea-induced-calmness-sugar-sweetened-tea-calms-consumers-exposed-to-acute-stressor
#4
Shilpa S Samant, Katherine Wilkes, Zephania Odek, Han-Seok Seo
The food and beverage industry has been increasingly replacing sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners in their sweetened products to control or reduce total calories. Research comparing the effect of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on emotional state of participants exposed to acute stressors is still limited. This study aimed to determine the effect of drinking tea sweetened with either a nutritive sweetener (sugar) or a non-nutritive sweetener (sucralose or stevia) on emotional state, in terms of calmness and pleasantness, of participants exposed to an acute stressor...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821754/the-biosynthetic-pathway-of-the-nonsugar-high-intensity-sweetener-mogroside-v-from-siraitia-grosvenorii
#5
Maxim Itkin, Rachel Davidovich-Rikanati, Shahar Cohen, Vitaly Portnoy, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Elad Oren, Shiri Freilich, Galil Tzuri, Nadine Baranes, Shmuel Shen, Marina Petreikov, Rotem Sertchook, Shifra Ben-Dor, Hugo Gottlieb, Alvaro Hernandez, David R Nelson, Harry S Paris, Yaakov Tadmor, Yosef Burger, Efraim Lewinsohn, Nurit Katzir, Arthur Schaffer
The consumption of sweeteners, natural as well as synthetic sugars, is implicated in an array of modern-day health problems. Therefore, natural nonsugar sweeteners are of increasing interest. We identify here the biosynthetic pathway of the sweet triterpenoid glycoside mogroside V, which has a sweetening strength of 250 times that of sucrose and is derived from mature fruit of luo-han-guo (Siraitia grosvenorii, monk fruit). A whole-genome sequencing of Siraitia, leading to a preliminary draft of the genome, was combined with an extensive transcriptomic analysis of developing fruit...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797642/sweetened-soft-drinks-consumption-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#6
Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Isabela M Benseñor, Leticia O Cardoso, Maria de Jesus M Fonseca, Alexandra D Moreira, Taísa Sabrina S Pereira, Sandhi M Barreto
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between regular consumption of sweetened soft drinks, natural fruit juice, and coconut water with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including men and women aged 35-74 years from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) Study, excluding patients with type 2 diabetes. The main explanatory variables were beverage consumption and the outcome variable was metabolic syndrome (Adult Treatment Panel III)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788518/association-between-type-amount-and-pattern-of-carbohydrate-consumption-with-dental-caries-in-12-year-olds-in-puerto-rico
#7
Cristina Palacios, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Evangelia Morou-Bermúdez, Alina M Colon, Roxana Y Torres, Augusto R Elías-Boneta
OBJECTIVE: To identify the types, food sources, and pattern of carbohydrates that significantly contribute to dental caries in Puerto Rican children. METHODS: As part of an island-wide cross-sectional oral health study in 1,587 twelve-year-olds, diet intake was assessed in a representative subset (n = 801) with a 24-hour dietary recall. Carbohydrate intake was quantified using a computer-based diet analysis program. Caries was assessed using the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research diagnostic criteria...
October 28, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776614/stevia-preferences-in-wistar-rats
#8
Paula Núñez Martínez, Juan Argüelles Luis, Carmen Perillán Méndez
BACKGROUND: The Stevia rebaudiana plant is likely to become a major source of high-potency sweetener for the growing natural-food market. S. rebaudiana is the source of a number of sweet diterpenoid glycosides, but the major sweet constituents are rebaudioside A and stevioside. These two constituents have similar pharmacokinetic and metabolic profiles in rats and humans, and thus, studies carried out with either steviol glycoside are relevant to both. Other studies illustrate the diversity of voluntary sweet intake in mammals...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775193/draft-genome-assembly-and-annotation-of-glycyrrhiza-uralensis-a-medicinal-legume
#9
Keiichi Mochida, Tetsuya Sakurai, Hikaru Seki, Takuhiro Yoshida, Kotaro Takahagi, Satoru Sawai, Hiroshi Uchiyama, Toshiya Muranaka, Kazuki Saito
Chinese liquorice/licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) is a leguminous plant species whose roots and rhizomes have been widely used as a herbal medicine and natural sweetener. Whole-genome sequencing is essential for gene discovery studies and molecular breeding in liquorice. Here, we report a draft assembly of the approximately 379-Mb whole-genome sequence of strain 308-19 of G. uralensis; this assembly contains 34 445 predicted protein-coding genes. Comparative analyses suggested well-conserved genomic components and collinearity of gene loci (synteny) between the genome of liquorice and those of other legumes such as Medicago and chickpea...
October 24, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735864/dietary-intake-of-trans-fatty-acids-in-children-aged-4-5-in-spain-the-inma-cohort-study
#10
Alexander Scholz, Daniel Gimenez-Monzo, Eva Maria Navarrete-Muñoz, Manuela Garcia-de-la-Hera, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Adonina Tardon, Loreto Santa Marina, Amaia Irazabal, Dora Romaguera, Mònica Guxens, Jordi Julvez, Sabrina Llop, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Jesus Vioque
Trans fatty acid (TFA) intake has been identified as a health hazard in adults, but data on preschool children are scarce. We analyzed the data from the Spanish INMA Project to determine the intake of total, industrial and natural TFA, their main sources and the associated socio-demographic and lifestyle factors in children aged 4-5 (n = 1793). TFA intake was estimated using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire, and multiple linear regression was used to explore associated factors. The mean daily intakes of total, industrial and natural TFA were 1...
October 10, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642557/gene-transcription-and-steviol-glycoside-accumulation-in-stevia-rebaudiana-under-polyethylene-glycol-induced-drought-stress-in-greenhouse-cultivation
#11
Shokoofeh Hajihashemi, Jan M C Geuns
Stevia rebaudiana is a sweet herb of the Astraceae family, which is cultivated for the natural sweeteners it contains. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of drought, simulated by the application of polyethylene glycol (5%, 10%, and 15% w/v), on the content of steviol glycosides (SVglys) and transcription levels of six genes involved in the biosynthesis of these natural sweeteners. The transcription levels of ent-kaurene synthase, ent-kaurene oxidase, ent-kaurenoic acid hydroxylase, and three UDP-dependent glycosyltransferases, UGT85C2,UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 were downregulated under polyethylene glycol treatment...
September 2016: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640213/docking-and-molecular-dynamics-of-steviol-glycoside-human-bitter-receptor-interactions
#12
Waldo Acevedo, Fernando González-Nilo, Eduardo Agosin
Stevia is one of the sweeteners with the greatest consumer demand because of its natural origin and minimal calorie content. Steviol glycosides (SG) are the main active compounds present in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana and are responsible for its sweetness. However, recent in vitro studies in HEK 293 cells revealed that SG specifically activate the hT2R4 and hT2R14 bitter taste receptors, triggering this mouth feel. The objective of this study was to characterize the interaction of SG with these two receptors at the molecular level...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637500/miracle-fruit-an-alternative-sugar-substitute-in-sour-beverages
#13
Jéssica Ferreira Rodrigues, Rafaela da Silva Andrade, Sabrina Carvalho Bastos, Sandra Bragança Coelho, Ana Carla Marques Pinheiro
High sugar consumption has been related to several chronic diseases and thus, many alternative sweeteners have been extensively researched. However, there is still controversy regarding the harmful effects of their consumption, mainly regarding the use of artificial sweeteners, controversy which increases the demand for natural sweeteners, such as miracle fruit. This tropical plant grows in West Africa is named for its unique ability of changing a sour taste into sweet. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the temporal profile of miracle fruit and assess its sugar substitute power in sour beverages through time-intensity and temporal dominance of sensations tests...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612524/detection-of-inulin-a-prebiotic-polysaccharide-in-maple-syrup
#14
Jiadong Sun, Hang Ma, Navindra P Seeram, David C Rowley
Maple syrup is a widely consumed plant-derived natural sweetener produced by concentrating xylem sap collected from certain maple (Acer) species. During thermal evaporation of water, natural phytochemical components are concentrated in maple syrup. The polymeric components from maple syrup were isolated by ethanol precipitation, dialysis, and anion exchange chromatography and structurally characterized by glycosyl composition analysis, glycosyl linkage analysis, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Among the maple syrup polysaccharides, one neutral polysaccharide was characterized as inulin with a broad molecular weight distribution, representing the first isolation of this prebiotic carbohydrate from a xylem sap...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596399/use-of-spent-coffee-grounds-as-food-ingredient-in-bakery-products
#15
Nuria Martinez-Saez, Alba Tamargo García, Inés Domínguez Pérez, Miguel Rebollo-Hernanz, Marta Mesías, Francisco J Morales, María A Martín-Cabrejas, Maria Dolores Del Castillo
The present research aimed to evaluate the use of spent coffee grounds (SCG) from instant coffee as a food ingredient and its application in bakery products. Data on physicochemical characterization, thermal stability and food safety of SCG were acquired. Evaluation of feasibility as dietary fibre was also determined. Results showed SCG are natural source of antioxidant insoluble fibre, essential amino acids, low glycaemic sugars, resistant to thermal food processing and digestion process, and totally safe...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558790/differential-role-of-hypothalamic-orexin-hypocretin-neurons-in-reward-seeking-motivated-by-cocaine-versus-palatable-food
#16
Rémi Martin-Fardon, Gabrielle Cauvi, Tony M Kerr, Friedbert Weiss
Hypothalamic orexin/hypocretin (Orx/Hcrt) neurons are thought to mediate both food-reinforced behaviors and behavior motivated by drugs of abuse. However, the relative role of the Orx/Hcrt system in behavior motivated by food versus drugs of abuse remains unclear. This investigation addressed this question by contrasting hypothalamic Orx/Hcrt neuronal activation associated with reinstatement of reward seeking induced by stimuli conditioned to cocaine (COC) versus highly palatable food reward, sweetened condensed milk (SCM)...
August 24, 2016: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557280/postextraction-separation-on-board-storage-and-catalytic-conversion-of-methane-in-natural-gas-a-review
#17
Dipendu Saha, Hippolyte A Grappe, Amlan Chakraborty, Gerassimos Orkoulas
In today's perspective, natural gas has gained considerable attention, due to its low emission, indigenous availability, and improvement in the extraction technology. Upon extraction, it undergoes several purification protocols including dehydration, sweetening, and inert rejection. Although purification is a commercially established technology, several drawbacks of the current process provide an essential impetus for developing newer separation protocols, most importantly, adsorption and membrane separation...
October 12, 2016: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498607/enhanced-gas-separation-factors-of-microporous-polymer-constrained-in-the-channels-of-anodic-alumina-membranes
#18
Ekaterina Chernova, Dmitrii Petukhov, Olga Boytsova, Alexander Alentiev, Peter Budd, Yuri Yampolskii, Andrei Eliseev
New composite membranes based on porous anodic alumina films and polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1) have been prepared using a spin-coating technique. According to scanning electron microscopy, partial penetration of polymer into the pores of alumina supports takes place giving rise to selective polymeric layers with fiber-like microstructure. Geometric confinement of rigid PIM-1 in the channels of anodic alumina causes reduction of small-scale mobility in polymeric chains. As a result, transport of permanent gases, such as CH4, becomes significantly hindered across composite membranes...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490280/confined-water-determines-transport-properties-of-guest-molecules-in-narrow-pores
#19
Anh Phan, David R Cole, R Gregor Weiß, Joachim Dzubiella, Alberto Striolo
We computed the transport of methane through 1 nm wide slit-shaped pores carved out of solid substrates. Models for silica, magnesium oxide, and alumina were used as solid substrates. The pores were filled with water. The results show that the methane permeability through the hydrated pores is strongly dependent on the solid substrate. Detailed analysis of the simulated systems reveals that local properties of confined water, including its structure, and more importantly, evolution of solvation free energy and hydrogen bond structure are responsible for the pronounced differences observed...
August 23, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479072/characterization-of-the-sweet-taste-receptor-tas1r2-from-an-old-world-monkey-species-rhesus-monkey-and-species-dependent-activation-of-the-monomeric-receptor-by-an-intense-sweetener-perillartine
#20
Chenggu Cai, Hua Jiang, Lei Li, Tianming Liu, Xuejie Song, Bo Liu
Sweet state is a basic physiological sensation of humans and other mammals which is mediated by the broadly acting sweet taste receptor-the heterodimer of Tas1r2 (taste receptor type 1 member 2) and Tas1r3 (taste receptor type 1 member 3). Various sweeteners interact with either Tas1r2 or Tas1r3 and then activate the receptor. In this study, we cloned, expressed and functionally characterized the taste receptor Tas1r2 from a species of Old World monkeys, the rhesus monkey. Paired with the human TAS1R3, it was shown that the rhesus monkey Tas1r2 could respond to natural sugars, amino acids and their derivates...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
92090
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"