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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660810/sensory-profile-drivers-of-liking-and-influence-of-information-on-the-acceptance-of-low-calorie-synbiotic-and-probiotic-chocolate-ice-cream
#1
Juliana Peres, Erick Esmerino, Alessandra Lins da Silva, Ilana Racowski, Helena Bolini
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory profile and the influence of the information on the acceptance of the symbiotic chocolate ice cream made with sucrose and different sweeteners (aspartame, sucralose, neotame, Stevia with 60%, 85%, 95%, and 97% of rebaudioside A) through analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's test, and partial least of square (PLS) regression. Quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) was carried out by 18 assessors, who evaluated the samples in relation to the raised descriptors...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660441/silencing-the-insular-striatal-circuit-decreases-alcohol-self-administration-and-increases-sensitivity-to-alcohol
#2
Anel A Jaramillo, Kalynn Van Voorhies, Patrick A Randall, Joyce Besheer
Internal drug states/cues can impact drug taking, as pretreatment with a moderate to high alcohol dose (i.e., loading dose) can decrease subsequent alcohol self-administration, alcohol-seeking, and relapse-like drinking. The insular cortex (IC) is implicated in processing information about internal states and findings show that silencing the IC and its projections to the nucleus accumbens core (AcbC) enhance sensitivity to the interoceptive effects of alcohol. Therefore, the goal of the present work was to determine the functional role of IC-AcbC projections in modulating the effects of alcohol pretreatment on operant alcohol self-administration...
April 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657405/immunomodulatory-effects-of-probiotics-and-prilled-fat-supplementation-on-immune-genes-expression-and-lymphocyte-proliferation-of-transition-stage-karan-fries-cows
#3
Meeti Punetha, A K Roy, H M Ajithakumar, Irshad Ahmed Para, Deepanshu Gupta, Mahendra Singh, Jaya Bharati
Background and Aim: Probiotics are the living microorganism which when administered improves the digestion and health of the animal. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) improves the humoral and innate immunity of the animal. Prilled fat is a hydrogenated palm oil triglyceride which has been reported to promote the release of cytokines from macrophages. The aim of the study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of probiotic and prilled fat during transition stage in Karan Fries (KF) cows...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648666/the-basic-helix-loop-helix-transcription-factor-gubhlh3-positively-regulates-soyasaponin-biosynthetic-genes-in-glycyrrhiza-uralensis
#4
Keita Tamura, Koki Yoshida, Yasuko Hiraoka, Daiki Sakaguchi, Ayaka Chikugo, Keiichi Mochida, Mareshige Kojoma, Nobutaka Mitsuda, Kazuki Saito, Toshiya Muranaka, Hikaru Seki
Glycyrrhiza uralensis (licorice) is a widely used medicinal plant belonging to the Fabaceae. Its main active component, glycyrrhizin, is an oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin widely used as a medicine and as a natural sweetener. Licorice also produces other triterpenoids, including soyasaponins. Recent studies have revealed various oxidosqualene cyclases and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) required for the biosynthesis of triterpenoids in licorice. Of these enzymes, β-amyrin synthase (bAS) and β-amyrin C-24 hydroxylase (CYP93E3) are involved in the biosynthesis of soyasapogenol B (an aglycone of soyasaponins) from 2,3-oxidosqualene...
April 1, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605773/peel-flour-of-passiflora-edulis-var-flavicarpa-supplementation-prevents-the-insulin-resistance-and-hepatic-steatosis-induced-by-low-fructose-diet-in-young-rats
#5
M J Goss, M L O Nunes, I D Machado, L Merlin, N B Macedo, A M O Silva, T M B Bresolin, J R Santin
The increase in fructose consumption in the last decades has an important correlation with the growth of overweight population. Fructose is a monosaccharide found in fruits, vegetables and honey, however, it is widely used in processed food and beverages such as sweeteners. This monosaccharide is metabolized in the liver, so it can produce glucose, lactate, triglycerides, free fatty acids and uric acid, which are responsible for negative effects on the liver and extrahepatic tissues. One effect of the high consumption of fructose is the resistance to Insulin, which appears to be an important issue in the development of metabolic abnormalities observed in animals that were subjected to a high fructose diet...
March 29, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593769/genetic-loci-conferring-reducing-sugar-accumulation-and-conversion-of-cold-stored-potato-tubers-revealed-by-qtl-analysis-in-a-diploid-population
#6
Guilin Xiao, Wei Huang, Hongju Cao, Wei Tu, Haibo Wang, Xueao Zheng, Jun Liu, Botao Song, Conghua Xie
Cold-induced sweetening (CIS) caused by reducing sugar (RS) accumulation during storage in low temperature in potato tubers is a critical factor influencing the quality of fried potato products. The reconditioning (REC) by arising storage temperature is a common measure to lower down RS. However, both CIS and REC are genotype-dependent and the genetic basis remains uncertain. In the present study, with a diploid potato population with broad genetic background, four reproducible QTL of CIS and two of REC were resolved on chromosomes 5, 6, and 7 of the CIS-sensitive parent and chromosomes 5 and 11 of the CIS-resistant parent, respectively, implying that these two traits may be genetically independent...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556949/more-sugar-no-thank-you-the-elusive-nature-of-low-carbohydrate-diets
#7
REVIEW
Dario Giugliano, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Katherine Esposito
In the past decades, dietary guidelines focused on reducing saturated fat as the primary strategy for cardiovascular disease prevention, neglecting the many other potential effects of diet on health, in particular the harmful effects of sugar. A greater intake of soft drinks (sugar-sweetened beverages), for example, is associated with a 44% increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a higher risk of obesity, and a 26% increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Carbohydrates comprise around 55% of the typical western diet, ranging from 200 to 350 g/day in relation to a person's overall caloric intake...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552164/the-natural-sweetener-metabolite-steviol-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-human-osteosarcoma-u2os-cell-line
#8
Jun-Ming Chen, Jue Zhang, Yong-Mei Xia, Xiao-Xia Wang, Jian Li
Steviol is the colonic metabolite of the natural sweetener steviol glycosides. It does not diffuse to the blood and the half maximal inhibitory concentration of steviol is longer compared with that of current chemotherapy agents, including 5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin. The present study demonstrated that steviol inhibits the proliferation of the human osteosarcoma U2OS cell line in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and that the inhibition rate is comparative with that of doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil. The mechanism of this anticancer activity is also investigated...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550669/production-of-the-potential-sweetener-5-ketofructose-from-fructose-in-fed-batch-cultivation-with-gluconobacter-oxydans
#9
Elena Herweg, Marie Schöpping, Katja Rohr, Anna Siemen, Oliver Frank, Thomas Hofmann, Uwe Deppenmeier, Jochen Büchs
Sweeteners improve the dietary properties of many foods. A candidate for a new natural sweetener is 5-ketofructose. In this study a fed-batch process for the production of 5-ketofructose was developed. A Gluconobacter oxydans strain overexpressing a fructose dehydrogenase from G. japonicus was used and the sensory properties of 5-ketofructose were analyzed. The compound showed an identical sweet taste quality as fructose and a similar intrinsic sweet threshold concentration of 16.4 mmol/L. The production of 5-ketofructose was characterized online by monitoring of the respiration activity in shake flasks...
March 9, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543989/complex-investigation-of-extraction-techniques-applied-for-cyclitols-and-sugars-isolation-from-different-species-of-solidago-genus
#10
Ileana-Andreea Ratiu, Hossam Al-Suod, Magdalena Ligor, Tomasz Ligor, Viorica Railean-Plugaru, Bogusław Buszewski
Cyclitols are phytochemicals naturally occurring in plant material which attracted an increasing interest due to multiple medicinal attributes, amongst the most important are the anti-diabetic, antioxidant and anti-cancer properties. Due to their valuable properties, sugars are used in food industry as sweeteners, preservatives, texture modifiers, fermentation substrates, flavoring and coloring agents. In this study we report for the first time the quantitative analysis of sugars and cyclitols isolated from Solidago virgaurea L...
March 15, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534454/the-comparative-reproducibility-and-validity-of-a-non-nutritive-sweetener-food-frequency-questionnaire
#11
Emily A Myers, Erin M Passaro, Valisa E Hedrick
In order to better assess non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) consumption, measurement tools with greater utility are needed. The objective of this investigation is to determine the reproducibility and validity of a newly developed NNS food frequency questionnaire (NNS-FFQ) that measures five types of NNS (saccharin, aspartame, acesulfame potassium, sucralose and erythritol). Adult participants ( n = 123, 56% female, 75% Caucasian, mean age = 36.8 ± 16.6) completed the NNS-FFQ twice and had 24-h dietary recalls three times over a two-week study period...
March 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526084/positive-aspects-of-cane-sugar-and-sugarcane-derived-products-in-food-and-nutrition
#12
Gillian Eggleston
Recently, like previously for fat and protein, there has been negative discussion about carbohydrate, including blaming it for the rise of obesity and related metabolic conditions, even though overconsumption and sedentary lifestyles are more defined contributors. In many parts of the world, natural sugar (sucrose) from sugarcane is the main dietary source of carbohydrate. Considerable misinformation about sugar is in the public domain with the average consumer being unaware of (i) the critical need of body cells, particularly brain cells, for sugar to function, (ii) the multitude of functionalities other than sweetening that sugar imparts, and (iii) micronutrients delivered with many sugar products...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495516/effects-of-a-carob-pod-derived-sweetener-on-glucose-metabolism
#13
Carmen Lambert, Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Gemma Vilahur, Sergi López-Bernal, Milagros Rocha, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Lina Badimon
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events. The ingestion of high-glycemic index (GI) diets, specially sweetened beverage consumption, has been associated with the development of T2DM and CV disease. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of the intake of a sweetened beverage, obtained from natural carbohydrates containing pinitol (PEB) compared to a sucrose-enriched beverage (SEB) in the context of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487847/lipase-catalyzed-synthesis-of-sugar-esters-in-honey-and-agave-syrup
#14
Sascha Siebenhaller, Julian Gentes, Alba Infantes, Claudia Muhle-Goll, Frank Kirschhöfer, Gerald Brenner-Weiß, Katrin Ochsenreither, Christoph Syldatk
Honey and agave syrup are high quality natural products and consist of more than 80% sugars. They are used as sweeteners, and are ingredients of cosmetics or medical ointments. Furthermore, both have low water content, are often liquid at room temperature and resemble some known sugar-based deep eutectic solvents (DES). Since it has been shown that it is possible to synthesize sugar esters in these DESs, in the current work honey or, as vegan alternative, agave syrup are used simultaneously as solvent and substrate for the enzymatic sugar ester production...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469600/development-and-standardization-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-as-a-natural-dietary-supplement
#15
Muhammad Azhar Ali, Yus Aniza Yusof, Nyuk Ling Chin, M N Ibrahim, Sadaf Muneer
Moringa oleifera leaves were selected as a model due to their hundreds of health benefits. On the other hand, the powder of these leaves has exhibited poor flowability, low tensile strength, bitter taste, poor dissolution rate, and lack of information regarding dosage. These are the common hurdles and limitations in the adaptation of herbal-based medications. Therefore, a comprehensive study was planned to introduce herbal-based medicines into mainstream medicines by standardization according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and international pharmaceutical standards...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388286/evaluation-of-childhood-nutrition-by-dietary-survey-and-stable-isotope-analyses-of-hair-and-breath
#16
Luciano O Valenzuela, Shannon P O'Grady, Lindsey E Enright, Maureen Murtaugh, Carol Sweeney, James R Ehleringer
OBJECTIVES: The natural abundances of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur stable isotopes in hair, and of carbon isotopes in breath serve as quantitative biomarkers of protein and carbohydrate sources, but applicability of isotopes for evaluating children's diet has not been demonstrated. In this study, we sought to describe the stable isotope patterns observed in the hair and breath of children and to assess dietary variations in relation to age and ethnicity, hypothesizing that these would reflect dietary differences across age and ethnic groups and would correlate with intake variables derived from a Food Frequency Questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378049/the-%C3%AE-13c-value-of-fingerstick-blood-is-a-valid-reliable-and-sensitive-biomarker-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Carly R MacDougall, Catelyn E Hill, A Hope Jahren, Jyoti Savla, Shaun K Riebl, Valisa E Hedrick, Hollie A Raynor, Julie C Dunsmore, Madlyn I Frisard, Brenda M Davy
Background: Reliance on self-reported dietary intake methods is a commonly cited research limitation, and dietary misreporting is a particular problem in children and adolescents. Objective indicators of dietary intake, such as dietary biomarkers, are needed to overcome this research limitation. The added sugar (AS) biomarker δ13C, which measures the relative abundance of 13C to 12C, has demonstrated preliminary validity in adults. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the comparative validity, test-retest reliability, and sensitivity of the δ13C biomarker to detect AS and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake using fingerstick blood samples in children and adolescents...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375180/designing-a-food-tax-to-impact-food-related-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-chile
#18
Juan Carlos Caro, Lindsey Smith-Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Barry Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy dense ultra-processed foods is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing significant health costs. Chile has the highest SSB consumption in the world, very high junk food intake and very rapid increases in these poor components of the diet plus obesity prevalence. This study's purpose is to compare the effect of different tax schemes for SSBs and ultra-processed foods on nutrient availability, utilizing price-elasticities, which are estimated from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2011-2012 Income and Expenditure survey...
August 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367749/glucansucrase-mutant-enzymes-from-lactobacillus-reuteri-180-efficiently-transglucosylate-stevia-component-rebaudioside-a-resulting-in-a-superior-taste
#19
Evelien M Te Poele, Tim Devlamynck, Manuel Jäger, Gerrit J Gerwig, Davy Van de Walle, Koen Dewettinck, Anna K H Hirsch, Johannis P Kamerling, Wim Soetaert, Lubbert Dijkhuizen
Steviol glycosides from the leaves of the plant Stevia rebaudiana are high-potency natural sweeteners but suffer from a lingering bitterness. The Lactobacillus reuteri 180 wild-type glucansucrase Gtf180-ΔN, and in particular its Q1140E-mutant, efficiently α-glucosylated rebaudioside A (RebA), using sucrose as donor substrate. Structural analysis of the products by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, methylation analysis and NMR spectroscopy showed that both enzymes exclusively glucosylate the Glc(β1→C-19 residue of RebA, with the initial formation of an (α1→6) linkage...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355459/enhancement-of-erythritol-production-by-trichosporonoides-oedocephalis-atcc-16958-through-regulating-key-enzyme-activity-and-the-nadph-nadp-ratio-with-metal-ion-supplementation
#20
Liangzhi Li, Pei Kang, Xin Ju, Jiajia Chen, Huibin Zou, Cuiying Hu, Lishi Yan
Erythritol, a well-known natural sweetener, is mainly produced by microbial fermentation. Various metal ions (Al3+ , Cu2+ , Mn2+ , and Ni2+ ) were added to the culture medium of Trichosporonoides oedocephalis ATCC 16958 at 30 mg/L in shake flask cultures. Compared with controls, Cu2+ increased the erythritol content by 86% and decreased the glycerol by-product by 31%. After 48 hr of shake flask culture, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that expression levels of erythrose reductase (ER) in the presence of 30 mg/L CuSO4  · 5H2 O were higher than those obtained after treatment with other examined metal ions...
March 16, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
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