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galactin 3

Riyao Yang, Mien-Chie Hung
Cancer treatment in the past few years has been transformed by a new kind of therapy that targets the immune system instead of the cancer itself to reinvigorate antitumor immunity with astonishing results. However, primary and acquired resistance to this type of treatment, namely immune checkpoint blockade (ICB), continue to counter treatment efficacy. In many cases, resistance has been attributed to defective or chronically enhanced interferon signaling and/or upregulation of alternative immune checkpoints, including T-cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3) and its ligand galactin-9 (Gal-9)...
October 11, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
Rehab Allah Ahmed, Abdelhadi M Shebl, Hany Onsy Habashy
OBJECTIVE: Meningiomas are neoplasms that arise from the meninges of the central nervous system (CNS). They constitute about 25.6% of CNS tumors diagnosed in Egypt. Some morphological variants of meningiomas display aggressive behavior, leading to brain-invasive growth pattern. Although meningiomas are usually treated by complete surgical excision, the risk of postoperative recurrence remains. Hence, additional biomarkers for predicting aggressive behavior must be discovered. This study aims to explore the clinical and biological relevance of the protein expression levels of β-catenin and galectine-3 in meningioma and to understand the pathobiology of this neoplasm...
August 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Casey M Rebholz, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Christie M Ballantyne, Ron C Hoogeveen, David Aguilar, John W McEvoy, Morgan E Grams, Josef Coresh
Galectin-3 has been proposed as a novel biomarker of heart failure and cardiac fibrosis, and may also be associated with fibrosis of other organs such as the kidney. To determine this, we prospectively analyzed data from 9,148 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study participants with measured plasma galectin-3 levels (baseline, visit 4, 1996-98) and without prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) or heart failure. We identified 1,983 incident CKD cases through December 31, 2013 over a median follow-up of 16 years...
August 30, 2017: Kidney International
Alliya Muzafar, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Ihtesham Uddin Qureshi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Thyroid nodules are very common in our setup and their diagnosis on fine needle aspiration is not easy and is a taxing affair. It is a challenge to differentiate between follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma without histology. Our objective was to investigate the role of Galectin-3 in fine needle aspirates of thyroid nodules as a prospective diagnostic marker and consequently its ability to differentiate benign from malignant neoplasms. METHODS: The research was conducted at the department of Pathology, King Edward Medical University, in association with other teaching institutions of Lahore from June 2012 to July 2014...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Òscar Miró, Bernardino González de la Presa, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Rosa Fernández Bonifacio, Martin Möckel, Christian Mueller, Gregori Casals, Silvia Sandalinas, Pere Llorens, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Javier Jacob, José Luis Bedini, Víctor Gil
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that early measurement of galectin-3 at the emergency department (ED) during an episode of acute heart failure (AHF) allows predicting short- and long-term outcomes. METHODS: We performed an exploratory study including 115 patients consecutively diagnosed with AHF in a single ED. Clinical and analytical variables were recorded. The primary endpoint was 30-day all-cause mortality, and secondary endpoints were 30-day composite outcome (death, rehospitalization or ED reconsultation, whichever first) and 1-year mortality...
May 2, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Alyaa Amal Kotby, Omneya Ibrahim Youssef, Mohamed Omar Elmaraghy, Osama Salah El Sharkawy
Heart failure (HF) progression has not been studied in pediatric patients as well as HF in patients with a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). We aimed to evaluate galactin-3 in children with HFNEF and reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) and its correlation to disease severity and progression. This cross-sectional study involved 45 chronic HF patients taking G1a (23 HFNEF children) and G1b (22 HFREF children) compared to 45 age- and sex-matched controls (G2) subjected to history taking, Ross functional HF classification, conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiographic systolic and diastolic function assessment (FS%, E/A, S m, E m/A m, E/E m) and laboratory investigations [glomerular filtration rate, serum galactin-3 level (ELISA)]...
January 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
Wael A Abbas, Soheir M Kasem Ahmed, Amal M Abdel Aal, Amal A Mahmoud, Mohamed O Abdelmalek, Mohamed A Mekky, Mohamed A A Abozaid, Ahmed K Ibrahim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is defined as an abnormal heart structure and function in cirrhotic patients. CCM includes systolic and diastolic dysfunction, electrophysiological abnormalities, and structural changes, both microscopic and macroscopic. Currently, there is no one diagnostic test that can identify patients with CCM. Evaluation of the validity of galactin-3 and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as biomarkers in the early detection of CCM in comparison to conventional echocardiography...
July 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Haili Xu, Timothy Radabaugh, Zhenqiang Lu, Michael Galligan, Dean Billheimer, Donata Vercelli, Anne L Wright, Terrence J Monks, Marilyn Halonen, Serrine S Lau
BACKGROUND: Proteomic approaches identifying biomarkers have been applied to asthma to only a very limited extent. METHODS: With an antibody array (RayBiotech, Norcross, GA, USA), the relative intensity and rank differences of 444 proteins were compared in 24 plasma samples obtained at age 3, 11 from children with and 12 without asthma diagnoses at ages 5 and 9. Protein candidates identified by antibody array were quantitated by ELISA in an enlarged sample. Proteins found to differentiate children with and without asthma were also examined for association with known Year 1 asthma risk factors, eczema, and wheeze...
November 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Vinod Gopalan, Nassim Saremi, Emily Sullivan, Sadiul Kabir, Cu-Tai Lu, Ali Salajegheh, Melissa Leung, Robert Anthony Smith, Alfred King-Yin Lam
We aim to investigate the expression profiles of galectin family genes (galectins-1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11) in colorectal carcinomas. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of galectin family members (1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12) was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction in colorectal tissues from 201 patients (54 noncancer colorectal tissues, 49 adenomas, and 98 adenocarcinomas). Galectin-1 and galectin-3 protein expressions were determined by immunohistochemistry. In general, high galectin mRNA expression was noted in colorectal carcinomas in early stages of their pathogenesis...
July 2016: Human Pathology
Atsuko Fujii, Thomas R Shearer, Mitsuyoshi Azuma
Poor healing of epithelial wounds in cornea is a major clinical problem, leading to persistent epithelial defects and ulceration. The primary cause is poor cell migration over the wound. Carbohydrate-binding protein galectin-3 binds to extracellular matrixes (ECMs) and promotes lamellipodia formation by cross-linking to α3 integrin. Recombinant galectin-3 also facilitates wound healing in the rodent cornea. The purposes of the present experiments were to: (1) establish epithelial wound healing models in monkey corneal explant culture, the models more relevant to human, (2) evaluate the healing effect of galectin-3 in our models, and (3) determine if galectin-3 enhances cell adhesion by interacting with ECMs on corneal surface and their ligand integrins...
August 2015: Experimental Eye Research
Angela Dispenzieri, Morie A Gertz, Amy Saenger, Shaji K Kumar, Martha Q Lacy, Francis K Buadi, David Dingli, Nelson Leung, Steven Zeldenrust, Suzanne R Hayman, Prashant Kapoor, Martha Grogan, Lisa Hwa, Stephen J Russell, Ronald S Go, S Vincent Rajkumar, Robert A Kyle, Allan Jaffe
The use of soluble cardiac biomarkers such as N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin has revolutionized prognostication for patients with AL amyloidosis. Soluble ST2 (sST2) and galectin-3 have also been reported to have prognostic value in other cardiac patient populations. We identified 502 patients with AL amyloidosis, who provided a research sample and consent to review their medical records between 1/1/2006-12/31/2010 within 90 days of their diagnosis. Samples were assayed for sST2 and galectin-3...
June 2015: American Journal of Hematology
Richard J Zaino
Although most of Dr Scully's research addressed diseases of the ovary, about 10% of his published manuscripts focused on endometrial lesions, most often consisting of observations about unusual types or deceptive patterns of endometrial carcinoma that had not previously been described, or lesions for which the behavior had been unknown. He characterized and clarified the entity of clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium, and wrote about endometrial carcinomas with argyrophil, oxyphil, and giant cells, and those simulating microglandular hyperplasia of the cervix, as well as uterine papillary serous, squamous cell, and small cell carcinoma,...
July 2014: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Lin Song, Jun Mao, Jun Zhang, Mohammed Mohammed Ibrahim, Lian-Hong Li, Jian-Wu Tang
Lymph node metastasis is recognized as an important mode of liver cancer metastasis. Our previous study has built two hepatocarcinoma cell lines, Hca-F with high (75%) and Hca-P with low (25%) incidences of lymph node metastasis, and has indicated that annexin A7 is an important factor in the lymphatic metastasis of tumors. There is evidence that galectin-3 is the binding protein of annexin A7 and works in protein complexes. Our current study shows that both annexin A7 and galectin-3 express higher in Hca-F than Hca-P...
April 2014: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Audrey Seamons, Piper M Treuting, Thea Brabb, Lillian Maggio-Price
There are few mouse models that adequately mimic large bowel cancer in humans or the gastrointestinal inflammation which frequently precedes it. Dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induces colitis in many animal models and has been used in combination with the carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) to induce cancer in mice. Smad3(-/-) mice are deficient in the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling molecule, SMAD3, resulting in dysregulation of the cellular pathway most commonly affected in human colorectal cancer, and develop inflammation-associated colon cancer...
2013: PloS One
Judith S Knapp, Soum D Lokeshwar, Ulrich Vogel, Jörg Hennenlotter, Christian Schwentner, Mario W Kramer, Arnulf Stenzl, Axel S Merseburger
BACKGROUND: Galactin-3 is a cell adhesion molecule involved in tumor progression. Our aim was to examine Gal-3 expression in tumor, benign tissue adjacent to the tumor (adjacent-benign) and benign prostate specimens and correlated it with biochemical recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue microarrays were prepared from 83 tumor, 78 adjacent-benign and 75 benign tissues obtained from 83 patients undergoing prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer...
April 2013: World Journal of Urology
Marianne de Vasconcelos Carvalho, Joabe Dos Santos Pereira, Pollianna Muniz Alves, Ericka Janine Dantas da Silveira, Lélia Batista de Souza, Lélia Maria Guedes Queiroz
INTRODUCTION: Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is a potentially malignant lesion characterized by a combination of cytological and architectural anomalies, which are essential for its diagnosis. Galectins are proteins that participate in cell cycle, adhesion and differentiation, apoptosis, and immune responses, as well as in cancer development and progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to analyze the immunohistochemical expression of galectins-1, -3, and -7 in the OED (21 low risk and 29 high risk) and normal oral mucosa (NOM)...
February 2013: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Raddaoui Emad, Arafah Maha, Hala K Kfoury, Abdul Malik Al-Sheikh, Shaesta N Zaidi
The macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (MFPTC) is a well-established entity with characteristic large follicles containing pale colloid and lined by cells with nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we present three cases of MFPTC, along with a brief review of the literature. For all three of our cases, the histology of the resected specimen showed predominantly macrofollicular structures lined by cells with nuclear characteristics of PTC. Immunohistochemically, the three cases show positivity for galactin-3, cytokeratin-19, and HBME-1...
November 2011: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Wen-Xian Li, Gui-Mei Chen, Hui Yuan, Ying-Shui Yao, Ruo-Jie Li, Hai-Feng Pan, Xiang-Pei Li, Jian-Hua Xu, Jin-Hui Tao, Dong-Qing Ye
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic systemic autoimmune diseases, which affects multiple organ systems such as kidney. The imbalance of T-helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 cells is critical in the pathogenesis of SLE. The T-cell immunoglobulin mucin (TIM) proteins comprise a family of cell surface molecules expressed on T cells that regulate Th1- and Th2-cell-mediated immunity. Recent work has found increased expression of TIM-1 and TIM-3 ligand (galactin-9) mRNA in SLE patients and implied that TIM proteins might be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE...
July 2011: Mutagenesis
Jane Y Dancer, Luan D Truong, Qihui Zhai, Steven S Shen
CONTEXT: Galectin-3, a member of the lectin family, was shown to be expressed in normal distal tubular cells and in renal cell carcinomas (RCC). However, its diagnostic and prognostic significance in RCC is as yet undefined. OBJECTIVES: To describe the expression of Galectin-3 among different histologic subtypes of renal neoplasms and to determine their diagnostic and prognostic significances. DESIGN: The expression of Galectin-3 was evaluated in 217 renal neoplasms by tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry with semiquantitative analysis...
January 2010: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Xiaopeng Liu, Xin Gao, Jun Pang, Yan Zhang, Kebing Wang, Youqiang Fang, Xinqiao Wen, Yubin Cai
OBJECTIVE: To identify differential protein expression in penile tissue in a rat model of erectile dysfunction (ED) at an early stage after bilateral cavernosal nerve (CN) neurectomy, using proteomic techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two equal groups, one having bilateral CN resection and one a control group. The penises were harvested 7 days after CN resection. Total protein was separated into >1250 protein spots by two-dimensional electrophoresis using pH 3-10 nonlinear immobilized pH gradient strips...
June 2007: BJU International
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