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Nursing philosophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470382/a-tool-to-identify-key-behaviors-and-attributes-of-high-performing-nurses
#1
Linda B Cain, Sherill Nones Cronin, Debbie Nelson, Darla A Meredith, Karen Profitt Newman, Steven Rudolf
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to identify key behaviors and attributes that distinguish high-performing nurses to develop a tool for employment screening, staff development, and performance management. BACKGROUND: Selecting nurses who will complement an organization's mission and philosophy is a key step toward achieving quality and safety goals, ensuring patient and family satisfaction, and improving retention rates and overall costs. METHODS: Focus group methodology was used to determine perceptions of high-performing nurses' behaviors and attributes...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465178/implementation-of-a-unique-rrt-model-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-western-canada
#2
Teddie Tanguay, Reagan Bartel
In early 2010, the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) was the only tertiary hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, without a rapid response team (RRT). Once funding was obtained, the RAH RRT was developed with the mission of "Helping you make it happen" with the underlying philosophy that any call is a good call and the team is there to support care on the wards. The RAH RRT is unique, as it uses a registered nurse/respiratory therapist model rather than the physician model used by most tertiary centres. The RAH RRT provides consistent and efficient response to deteriorating patients and visitors to the hospital...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462841/caring-about-dying-persons-and-their-families-interpretation-practice-and-emotional-labour
#3
Laura M Funk, Sheryl Peters, Kerstin Stieber Roger
The importance of emotional support for dying persons and their families has been well established, yet we know less about how care workers understand emotional processes related to death and dying, or how these understandings are connected to care practices and emotional labour at the end of life. The aim of this study was to explore how healthcare workers interpret and respond to emotional needs of dying persons and their families. Qualitative data were collected between 2013 and 2014 through in-depth, in-person interviews with 14 nurses and 12 healthcare aides in one Western Canadian city...
February 20, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460970/clinical-application-research-through-reflection-interpretation-and-new-understanding-a-hermeneutic-design
#4
Lillemor Lindwall, Maj-Britt Råholm, Vibeke Lohne, Synnøve Caspari, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Berit Saeteren, Åshild Slettebø, Bente Høy, Dagfinn Nåden
The implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice and the implementation of good clinical practice into theory have been of interest in caring science for the last 30 years. The aim of this article was to elaborate and discuss a methodology named clinical application research. The method is grounded in a hermeneutical design inspired by Gadamer's philosophy. The methodology, clinical application research, has been used in a research project A life in dignity and experiences from the researchers forms the bases for the elaboration and discussion...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433497/a-painful-experience-of-limited-understanding-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-palliative-care-of-people-with-severe-dementia-in-norwegian-nursing-homes
#6
May Helen Midtbust, Rigmor Einang Alnes, Eva Gjengedal, Else Lykkeslet
BACKGROUND: People dying with dementia have significant healthcare needs, and palliative care, with its focus on comfort and quality of life, should be made available to these patients. The aim of this study was to explore and increase knowledge of healthcare professionals' experiences with palliative care to people with severe dementia in nursing homes. METHODS: To describe the phenomenon under investigation, we used a phenomenological research approach grounded in the philosophy of Husserl...
February 13, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406141/blending-the-liberal-arts-and-nursing-creating-a-portrait-for-the-21st-century
#7
Wendy Carter Kooken, Noël Kerr
The liberal arts and sciences serve as a core part of the educational discipline in nursing curriculum and are believed to undergird abilities for critical-thinking, creativity, and holistic care (Hermann, 2004; McKie, 2012). Over time, science has taken on a more central role in nursing education, despite the acknowledged importance and contributions of liberal arts. The humanities are an essential part of liberal arts education and generally include disciplines such as history, literature, religion, philosophy, architecture, or fine arts (e...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399916/fundamental-care-guided-by-the-careful-nursing-philosophy-and-professional-practice-model%C3%A2
#8
Therese Connell Meehan, Fiona Timmins, Jacqueline Burke
AIM: To propose the Careful Nursing Philosophy and Professional Practice Model© as a conceptual and practice solution to current fundamental nursing care erosion and deficits. BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the crucial importance of fundamental care. Efforts are underway to heighten nurses' awareness of values that motivate fundamental care and thereby increase their attention to effective provision of fundamental care. However, there remains a need for nursing frameworks which motivate nurses to bring fundamental care values to life in their practice and strengthen their commitment to provide fundamental care...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356192/how-much-of-toyota-s-philosophy-is-embedded-in-health-care-at-the-organisational-level-a-review
#9
Alain Antierens, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dries Myny, Ann Van Hecke
AIMS: Identify which of Toyota's principles are reported in health care institutions at the organisational level and to identify the type of reported outcomes related to the effectiveness of lean production reported in these studies. BACKGROUND: No scientific research has been conducted to determine which of Toyota's principles are embedded in health care systems. This knowledge is needed to perform targeted adjustments in health care. EVALUATION: Sixty studies were identified for the final analysis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327398/ways-of-knowing-on-the-internet-a-qualitative-review-of-cancer-websites-from-a-critical-nursing-perspective
#10
Kristen R Haase, Roanne T Thomas, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine F Holtslander
People diagnosed with cancer typically want information from their doctor or nurse. However, many individuals now turn to the Internet to tackle unmet information needs and to complement healthcare professional information. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the content of commonly searched cancer websites from a critical nursing perspective, as this information is accessible, and allows patients to address their information needs in ways that healthcare professionals cannot. This qualitative examination of websites is informed by Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing and complemented with the critical view to technology espoused by the philosophy of technology...
January 12, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306921/building-a-high-quality-oncology-nursing-workforce-through-lifelong-learning-the-de-souza-model
#11
Mary Jane Esplen, Jiahui Wong, Esther Green, Joy Richards, Jane Li
AbstractCancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Along with increased new cases, cancer care has become increasingly complex due to advances in diagnostics and treatments, greater survival, and new models of palliative care. Nurses are a critical resource for cancer patients and their families. Their roles and responsibilities are expanding across the cancer care continuum, calling for specialized training and support. Formal education prepares nurses for entry level of practice, however, it does not provide the specialized competencies required for quality care of cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306738/midwifery-students-understanding-and-knowledge-of-normal-birth-before-delivery-of-curriculum
#12
Clare Davison, Clare Davison, Sadie Geraghty, Sara Morris
OBJECTIVE: To generate new knowledge that describes and explains the views and understanding, regarding midwifery and normal birth, that newly enrolled midwifery students hold at the commencement of their midwifery education. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive approach was used in conjunction with an anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary University in Western Australia FINDINGS: Eighteen postgraduate midwifery students (PG), and twenty undergraduate midwifery students (UG), completed the questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286990/self-directed-learning-readiness-is-independent-of-teaching-and-learning-approach-in-undergraduate-nursing-education
#13
Nomawethu Qamata-Mtshali, Judith C Bruce
Selecting appropriate teaching and learning strategies within an overarching teaching philosophy is 1 way of influencing nursing students' self-directedness. We conducted research to compare the self-directed learning readiness and learning attributes in different years of study of undergraduate nursing students who are exposed to traditional, lecture-based learning and problem-based learning strategies. We found that readiness for self-directed learning is not dependent on the dominant teaching-learning strategy used in the nursing program...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281923/conflicts-and-con-fusions-confounding-compassion-in-acute-care-creating-dialogical-moral-space
#14
Jenny Jones, Petra Strube, Marion Mitchell, Amanda Henderson
BACKGROUND: Compassion, understood as empathy for another who is experiencing physical, mental, emotional and/or spiritual suffering, is an essential element of our shared understandings of nursing and the constitution of the professional nurse. Theoretical foundation: Charles Taylor account of ethics which concerns 'what or who is it good to be' rather than the predominant analytical moral philosophy approach which concentrates on 'what ought one to do' is the core concern of this discussion...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280271/paper-1-nursing-as-concrete-philosophy-part-i-risjord-on-nursing-knowledge
#15
Kyriakos Theodoridis
This essay addresses the problem of the essentiality of nursing knowledge and what kind of theory, if any, is essential to nursing practice. The overarching aim of the essay was to argue for the thesis that nursing may be described as a kind of philosophical activity, and, consequently, that philosophy is the kind of "theory" that is essential to nursing practice and to the nursing discipline at large. The essay consists of two papers. The present paper, Part I, is a critical examination of Mark Risjord's discussion of the problem of the theory-practice gap in his Nursing Knowledge: Practice, Science, Philosophy, from 2010...
December 26, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235965/philosophical-issues-and-nursing-science
#16
Pamela G Reed
The author of this article introduces a new column that will explore philosophical issues of concern to nurse scientists. In this initial column, I review the general terrain of philosophy in nursing science and explore some philosophical issues relevant to theory development. One conclusion is that inquiry into philosophical issues may help expand our repertoire of conceptual tools useful in building scientific knowledge and facilitating theoretical progress.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235948/integrative-literature-review-on-shame
#17
Molly J Shaughnessy
Shame is a universal living experience that is just beginning to be explored within the discipline of nursing. Development of a broad understanding of shame is needed to aid nurse researchers in clarifying this phenomenon from a nursing perspective. Pursuant to this goal, the author in this article reviews the extant literature on shame from the disciplines of nursing, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and theology. Three themes that emerged from the scholarly literature were (a) shame propels miring in paralysis, (b) shame captures the illusionary seen-unseen, and...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207739/assessment-of-palliative-care-awareness-among-undergraduate-healthcare-students
#18
Rajaragupathy Sujatha, Karthikeyan Jayagowri
Introduction: Palliative care knowledge is being given meager importance in the curriculum of medical and other allied medical sciences. It is vital that all health care practitioners including medical, pharmacy, physiotherapy and nursing are aware and apply the best principles of palliative care. Aim: To assess the awareness of palliative care among undergraduate students of medical, nursing, pharmacy and physiotherapy. Materials and Methods: The study population included total of 200 students...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169937/positive-deviance-and-hand-hygiene-of-nurses-in-a-quebec-hospital-what-can-we-learn-from-the-best
#19
Josiane Létourneau, Marie Alderson, Annette Leibing
BACKGROUND: Although it is well known that hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent health care-associated infections, hand hygiene adherence is low in Quebec, as it is elsewhere. For this study, an innovative framework was used to explore the clinical practice of nurses regarding hand hygiene and the factors that influence it: positive deviance, or the idea that there are people who find better solutions to problems than their peers. This study investigated positive deviance at the level of the care team to shed light on group dynamics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153052/palliative-care-issues-and-challenges-in-saudi-arabia-knowledge-assessment-among-nursing-students
#20
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
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