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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207739/assessment-of-palliative-care-awareness-among-undergraduate-healthcare-students
#1
Rajaragupathy Sujatha, Karthikeyan Jayagowri
Introduction: Palliative care knowledge is being given meager importance in the curriculum of medical and other allied medical sciences. It is vital that all health care practitioners including medical, pharmacy, physiotherapy and nursing are aware and apply the best principles of palliative care. Aim: To assess the awareness of palliative care among undergraduate students of medical, nursing, pharmacy and physiotherapy. Materials and Methods: The study population included total of 200 students...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169937/positive-deviance-and-hand-hygiene-of-nurses-in-a-quebec-hospital-what-can-we-learn-from-the-best
#2
Josiane Létourneau, Marie Alderson, Annette Leibing
BACKGROUND: Although it is well known that hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent health care-associated infections, hand hygiene adherence is low in Quebec, as it is elsewhere. For this study, an innovative framework was used to explore the clinical practice of nurses regarding hand hygiene and the factors that influence it: positive deviance, or the idea that there are people who find better solutions to problems than their peers. This study investigated positive deviance at the level of the care team to shed light on group dynamics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153052/palliative-care-issues-and-challenges-in-saudi-arabia-knowledge-assessment-among-nursing-students
#3
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143444/the-subversion-of-mill-and-the-ultimate-aim-of-nursing
#4
Paul C Snelling
This is lightly edited and referenced version of a presentation given at the 20th International Philosophy of Nursing conference in Quebec on 23rd August 2016. Philosophical texts are not given the same prominence in nurse education as their more valued younger sibling, primary research evidence, but they can influence practice through guidelines, codes and espoused values. John Stuart Mill's harm principle, found in On Liberty, is not a universal law, and only a thoroughgoing libertarian would defend it as such, though it, or its remnants, can be seen can be seen in policy documents...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128433/shared-decision-making-in-home-hospice-nursing-visits-a-qualitative-study
#5
Debra Parker Oliver, Karla Washington, George Demiris, Audrey Wallace, Marc R Propst, Aisha M Uraizee, Kevin Craig, Margaret F Clayton, Maija Reblin, Lee Ellington
BACKGROUND: Shared decisions between health care providers and patients and families are replacing the traditional physician-driven plans of care. Hospice philosophy recognizes the patient and family as a unit of care and embraces their role in decision making. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the shared decisions between hospice nurses and patients and family members. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of audio recordings of 65 home hospice nurse visits Settings/participants: 65 home hospice nurse visits in 11 different US hospice programs RESULTS: To varying degrees, hospice nurses used all the recommended elements of shared decision making during home visits with patients and families; however, not all elements were used in every visit...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117081/the-lived-experiences-of-persons-hospitalized-for-construction-of-an-urgent-fecal-ostomy
#6
Per Herlufsen, Anne Brødsgaard
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the lived experiences of hospital stays for patients undergoing urgent ostomy surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Six persons undergoing acute hospital admission and urgent ileostomy or colostomy surgery (either permanent or temporary) participated in the study. Participants were of Danish ethnicity and between the ages of 48 and 75 years...
November 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115768/lean-thinking-in-emergency-departments-concepts-and-tools-for-quality-improvement
#7
Frances Bruno
The lean approach is a viable framework for reducing costs and enhancing the quality of patient care in emergency departments (EDs). Reports on lean-inspired quality improvement initiatives are rapidly growing but there is little emphasis on the philosophy behind the processes, which is the essential ingredient in sustaining transformation. This article describes lean philosophy, also referred to as lean, lean thinking and lean healthcare, and its main concepts, to enrich the knowledge and vocabulary of nurses involved or interested in quality improvement in EDs...
October 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102853/conceptualization-of-competency-based-curricula-in-pre-service-nursing-and-midwifery-education-a-grounded-theory-approach
#8
Claudine Muraraneza, Gloria Ntombifikile Mtshali
In health professional education, the competency-based curriculum concept has been an important driver of reform in the training of competent graduates for the 21st century. In African countries, although there has been implementing it in pre-service nursing and midwifery education and the literature reports a lack of understanding of what is it on the part of the implementers. This article explores the meaning of competency based curriculum in pre-service nursing and midwifery education in Rwanda. A grounded theory approach, following Corbin and Strauss, was used...
October 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063673/theoretical-development-in-the-context-of-nursing-the-hidden-epistemology-of-nursing-theory
#9
Bente Hoeck, Charlotte Delmar
This article is about nursing theories, the development of nursing knowledge and the underlying, hidden epistemology. The current technical-economical rationality in society and health care calls for a specific kind of knowledge based on a traditional Western, Socratic view of science. This has an immense influence on the development of nursing knowledge. The purpose of the article was therefore to discuss the hidden epistemology of nursing knowledge and theories seen in a broad historical context and point to an alternative epistemology for a future context...
October 24, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057563/models-versus-theories-as-a-primary-carrier-of-nursing-knowledge-a-philosophical-argument
#10
Miriam Bender
Theories and models are not equivalent. I argue that an orientation towards models as a primary carrier of nursing knowledge overcomes many ongoing challenges in philosophy of nursing science, including the theory-practice divide and the paradoxical pursuit of predictive theories in a discipline that is defined by process and a commitment to the non-reducibility of the health/care experience. Scientific models describe and explain the dynamics of specific phenomenon. This is distinct from theory, which is traditionally defined as propositions that explain and/or predict the world...
October 22, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052289/exploring-implementation-of-the-careful-nursing-philosophy-and-professional-practice-model-%C3%A2-in-hospital-based-practice
#11
Sinéad Murphy, Raphael Mc Mullin, Sinéad Brennan, Therese Connell Meehan
AIM: To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of implementing the two clinical dimensions of the Careful Nursing Philosophy and Professional Practice Model(©) (Careful Nursing) in an acute care hospital. BACKGROUND: Implementation of a professional practice model by nurses in hospitals supports nurses' control over their practice and enhances the quality of their contribution to patient care. Implementing such change is complex and initially best approached on a small scale...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045257/fathers-the-lost-ring-in-the-chain-of-family-centered-care-a-phenomenological-study-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-of-iran
#12
Sousan Valizadeh, Jila Mirlashari, Elham Navab, Wendy Higman, Fatemeh Ghorbani
BACKGROUND: The basic principles of family-centered care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) include the unlimited presence of parents and their participation in infant's care. Nurses play a central role in encouraging parental attachment with their infant. PURPOSE: This study was carried out with the aim of understanding NICU nurses' lived experiences of family participation in family-centered care. METHODS: This interpretative phenomenological study was conducted on the basis of Heideggerian philosophy...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030395/dignitarian-medical-ethics
#13
Linda Barclay
Philosophers and bioethicists are typically sceptical about invocations of dignity in ethical debates. Many believe that dignity is essentially devoid of meaning: either a mere rhetorical gesture used in the absence of good argument or a faddish term for existing values like autonomy and respect. On the other hand, the patient experience of dignity is a substantial area of research in healthcare fields like nursing and palliative care. In this paper, it is argued that philosophers have much to learn from the concrete patient experiences described in healthcare literature...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986010/collaborative-development-of-an-accelerated-graduate-entry-nursing-programme-outside-of-traditional-funding-mechanisms
#14
C J Whiffin, H Clarke, H Brundrett, D Baker, B Whitehead
Financial support for students entering nurse education programmes has typically been the responsibility of Governments who make a substantial contribution to tuition and/or living costs. However, where programmes are not funded by Government bodies, students must make alternative arrangements for financial support. This paper explores how a university worked with local employers to design, recruit and deliver an accelerated graduate entry nursing programme and how this philosophy of collaboration ultimately led to local health employers providing sponsorship for students...
September 21, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963920/student-nurses-experience-of-a-fairy-garden-healing-haven-garden-for-sick-children
#15
Pamela van der Riet, Chaweewan Jitsacorn, Piyatida Junlapeeya, Peter Thursby
BACKGROUND: The concept and philosophy of healing environments in health care is not new and there has been recent research into the experience of nurses and families experience of healing environments producing positive outcomes in relieving stress and improving quality of life. However, there is little in-depth information about student nurse's experience of healing environments in support of patients. AIM: To report on the stories of student nurses who participated in formal and informal activities in a healing haven environment called a Fairy Garden (FG) within a hospital in northern Thailand...
December 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960622/the-experiences-of-being-a-registered-nurse-prescriber-within-an-acute-service-setting
#16
Roisin Lennon, Anne Fallon
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of nurse prescribers in an acute service setting. DESIGN: A descriptive phenomenological design underpinned by Husserl's philosophy was used as the guiding framework. METHODS: Data were collected using semistructured interviews and purposive sampling of 11 current registered nurse prescribers from two acute hospitals. Colaizzi's seven steps were employed to analyse the data and develop themes which reflected the participants' experiences of prescribing...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955660/challenges-of-postgraduate-critical-care-nursing-program-in-iran
#17
Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Esmaeil Shariat, Zahra Tayebi, Majid Ghorbanzadeh
Background: The main philosophy of postgraduate preparation for working in critical care units is to ensure the safety and quality of patients' care. Increasing the complexity of technology, decision-making challenges and the high demand for advanced communication skills necessitate the need to educate learners. Within this aim, a master's degree in critical care nursing has been established in Iran. Current study was designed to collect critical care nursing students' experiences as well as their feedback to the field critical care nursing...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940657/futurism-in-nursing-technology-robotics-and-the-fundamentals-of-care
#18
Mandy M Archibald, Alan Barnard
AIMS: To explore the concept of futurism and the emergence of robotics in relation to the fundamentals of care, highlighting how nurses need a more anticipatory and contemporary position towards technology to maintain relevance in the future. BACKGROUND: The future of nursing in Western countries will soon be linked with the emergence of robotics for efficient and cost effective provision of fundamental care. Their emergence and roles with care of the body and more broadly assisting people with their daily living activities has enormous implications for the profession and health care...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931484/partnership-for-development-a-peer-mentorship-model-for-phd-students
#19
Allison A Lewinski, Tara Mann, Dalmacio Flores, Ashlee Vance, Janet Prvu Bettger, Rachel Hirschey
Formal mentoring relationships socialize Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) students to their current and future roles as nursing scholars. Despite formal mentoring, some students may desire or benefit from additional mentoring in an informal setting. Informal mentoring complements the one-to-one relationship students develop with a primary faculty mentor or dissertation chair. This manuscript describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a student-driven, peer mentorship model, titled Partnership for Development...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929874/healthcare-leadership-and-applied-philosophy-an-essential-resource
#20
Elizabeth Fistein, David Cruise Malloy
As healthcare professionals we are committed to the efficient and effective operation of our institutions. Bureaucratic structures, rules, regulations, policies, and of course, measurements, are the tools-at-hand. While there is nothing inherently pernicious about efficient, effective, and measured institutions, we argue what is critically missing in this environment is humanity and authenticity at the cost of meaningful work. The solutions we offer are found in the realm of philosophy and in particular that branch of philosophy that deals with first principles - what is a nurse; what is a patient; what is a hospital?...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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