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Nursing philosophy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614190/the-value-of-peer-mentorship-as-an-educational-strategy-in-nursing
#1
Tannis Andersen, Kathy Watkins
BACKGROUND: The emphasis of this article is to provide nursing instructors with a valuable educational strategy grounded in andragogical principles for reflection and implementation in their educational practice. METHOD: An expository review of the value of peer mentorship as an educational strategy that fits within the humanistic adult education philosophy and social constructivism theory was conducted. RESULTS: The value in peer mentorship is greatest for nursing students as mentors and mentees, predominantly in encouraging self-directed learning, building relationships, providing emotional and educational support, and developing collaboration and leadership skills...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595527/realism-and-relativism-in-the-development-of-nursing-as-a-discipline
#2
Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Solina Richter, Bukola Oladunni Salami
In today's era of nursing, the role of a unique disciplinary knowledge that is grounded in philosophy is essential to inform nursing practice, fill knowledge gaps, improve the quality of nursing education, and guide the theoretical development of nursing. Realism and relativism have contributed to the development of the nursing discipline by providing the basis of evidence-based nursing practice, nursing research, nursing education, and theoretical construction. This article explores the role of realism and relativism in the development of the discipline of nursing and presents their contributions to the work of nurse clinicians, nurse researchers, nurse educators, and nurse theorists...
March 27, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579526/safe-and-collaborative-communication-skills-a-step-towards-mental-health-nurses-implementing-trauma-informed-care
#3
Sophie Isobel, Cynthia Delgado
Trauma Informed Care (TIC) acknowledges the presence and effects of trauma in the lives of many mental health service users and the responsibility of services to provide physical and emotional safety. One challenge of TIC is a lack of clarity about translating the philosophy into practice. This paper describes the delivery and evaluation of a trauma informed communication workshop for mental health nurses that aimed to increase their knowledge of the potential impacts of trauma on consumers, and translate TIC concepts into their communication approaches within the therapeutic relationship...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575087/addressing-sexual-issues-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study-on-nurses-attitudes-roles-and-experiences
#4
Charlotte Benoot, Paul Enzlin, Lieve Peremans, Johan Bilsen
AIM: To explore palliative care nurses' attitudes, roles and concrete experience with regard to addressing sexual issues in their daily practice. BACKGROUND: Patients and their partners in palliative care might experience dramatic changes in their sexuality and want nurses to provide the opportunity to address them. Moreover, it is argued that the holistic philosophy of palliative care encourages nurses working in this area to include sexual issues in their daily care...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573099/nursing-history-as-philosophy-towards-a-critical-history-of-nursing
#5
Thomas Foth, Jette Lange, Kylie Smith
Mainstream nursing history often positions itself in opposition to philosophy and many nursing historians are reticent of theorizing. In the quest to illuminate the lives of nurses and women current historical approaches are driven by reformist aspirations but are based on the conception that nursing or caring is basically good and the timelessness of universal values. This has the effect of essentialising political categories of identity such as class, race and gender. This kind of history is about affirmation rather than friction and about the conservation of memory and musealization...
March 24, 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566625/respect-an-integrative-review
#6
Carrie Rewakowski
Feeling respected is a universal human experience. The notion of respect is ubiquitous and discussed at varying levels of discourse. An integrative review of the literature on the phenomenon of respect is discussed. Literature was reviewed from the disciplines of philosophy, psychology, sociology, business, theology, and nursing. Three themes emerged from this literature review: respect honors inherent worth, respect intentionally co-shapes identity, and respect emerges with earned admiration.
April 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546962/introduction-to-positivism-interpretivism-and-critical-theory
#7
Gemma Ryan
BACKGROUND: There are three commonly known philosophical research paradigms used to guide research methods and analysis: positivism, interpretivism and critical theory. Being able to justify the decision to adopt or reject a philosophy should be part of the basis of research. It is therefore important to understand these paradigms, their origins and principles, and to decide which is appropriate for a study and inform its design, methodology and analysis. AIM: To help those new to research philosophy by explaining positivism, interpretivism and critical theory...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489632/temporal-immediacy-a-two-system-theory-of-mind-for-understanding-and-changing-health-behaviors
#8
Paul F Cook, Sarah J Schmiege, Blaine Reeder, Sara Horton-Deutsch, Nancy K Lowe, Paula Meek
BACKGROUND: Health promotion and chronic disease management both require behavior change, but people find it hard to change behavior despite having good intentions. The problem arises because patients' narratives about experiences and intentions are filtered through memory and language. These narratives inaccurately reflect intuitive decision-making or actual behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We propose a principle-temporal immediacy-as a moderator variable that explains which of two mental systems (narrative or intuitive) will be activated in any given situation...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488429/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Gottlieb, L. N. & Gottlieb, B. (2017). Strengths-Based Nursing: A Process for Implementing a Philosophy Into Practice. Journal of Family Nursing, 23, 319-340. Doi: 10.1177/1074840717717731 The authors have identified changes to certain sentences, which they believe are important for their article. These edits are outlined below. Page 328, 8th line from bottom Incorrect sentence: To illustrate, a point-of-care nurse, Jenette Schoon, who works in a long-term children's rehabilitation hospital had been unhappy with the way family discharge planning meetings has been conducted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470382/a-tool-to-identify-key-behaviors-and-attributes-of-high-performing-nurses
#10
Linda B Cain, Sherill Nones Cronin, Debbie Nelson, Darla A Meredith, Karen Profitt Newman, Steven Rudolf
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to identify key behaviors and attributes that distinguish high-performing nurses to develop a tool for employment screening, staff development, and performance management. BACKGROUND: Selecting nurses who will complement an organization's mission and philosophy is a key step toward achieving quality and safety goals, ensuring patient and family satisfaction, and improving retention rates and overall costs. METHODS: Focus group methodology was used to determine perceptions of high-performing nurses' behaviors and attributes...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465178/implementation-of-a-unique-rrt-model-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-western-canada
#11
Teddie Tanguay, Reagan Bartel
In early 2010, the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) was the only tertiary hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, without a rapid response team (RRT). Once funding was obtained, the RAH RRT was developed with the mission of "Helping you make it happen" with the underlying philosophy that any call is a good call and the team is there to support care on the wards. The RAH RRT is unique, as it uses a registered nurse/respiratory therapist model rather than the physician model used by most tertiary centres. The RAH RRT provides consistent and efficient response to deteriorating patients and visitors to the hospital...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462841/caring-about-dying-persons-and-their-families-interpretation-practice-and-emotional-labour
#12
Laura M Funk, Sheryl Peters, Kerstin Stieber Roger
The importance of emotional support for dying persons and their families has been well established, yet we know less about how care workers understand emotional processes related to death and dying, or how these understandings are connected to care practices and emotional labour at the end of life. The aim of this study was to explore how healthcare workers interpret and respond to emotional needs of dying persons and their families. Qualitative data were collected between 2013 and 2014 through in-depth, in-person interviews with 14 nurses and 12 healthcare aides in one Western Canadian city...
February 20, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460970/clinical-application-research-through-reflection-interpretation-and-new-understanding-a-hermeneutic-design
#13
Lillemor Lindwall, Maj-Britt Råholm, Vibeke Lohne, Synnøve Caspari, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Berit Saeteren, Åshild Slettebø, Bente Høy, Dagfinn Nåden
The implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice and the implementation of good clinical practice into theory have been of interest in caring science for the last 30 years. The aim of this article was to elaborate and discuss a methodology named clinical application research. The method is grounded in a hermeneutical design inspired by Gadamer's philosophy. The methodology, clinical application research, has been used in a research project A life in dignity and experiences from the researchers forms the bases for the elaboration and discussion...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433497/a-painful-experience-of-limited-understanding-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-palliative-care-of-people-with-severe-dementia-in-norwegian-nursing-homes
#15
May Helen Midtbust, Rigmor Einang Alnes, Eva Gjengedal, Else Lykkeslet
BACKGROUND: People dying with dementia have significant healthcare needs, and palliative care, with its focus on comfort and quality of life, should be made available to these patients. The aim of this study was to explore and increase knowledge of healthcare professionals' experiences with palliative care to people with severe dementia in nursing homes. METHODS: To describe the phenomenon under investigation, we used a phenomenological research approach grounded in the philosophy of Husserl...
February 13, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406141/blending-the-liberal-arts-and-nursing-creating-a-portrait-for-the-21st-century
#16
Wendy Carter Kooken, Noël Kerr
The liberal arts and sciences serve as a core part of the educational discipline in nursing curriculum and are believed to undergird abilities for critical-thinking, creativity, and holistic care (Hermann, 2004; McKie, 2012). Over time, science has taken on a more central role in nursing education, despite the acknowledged importance and contributions of liberal arts. The humanities are an essential part of liberal arts education and generally include disciplines such as history, literature, religion, philosophy, architecture, or fine arts (e...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399916/fundamental-care-guided-by-the-careful-nursing-philosophy-and-professional-practice-model%C3%A2
#17
Therese Connell Meehan, Fiona Timmins, Jacqueline Burke
AIM: To propose the Careful Nursing Philosophy and Professional Practice Model© as a conceptual and practice solution to current fundamental nursing care erosion and deficits. BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the crucial importance of fundamental care. Efforts are underway to heighten nurses' awareness of values that motivate fundamental care and thereby increase their attention to effective provision of fundamental care. However, there remains a need for nursing frameworks which motivate nurses to bring fundamental care values to life in their practice and strengthen their commitment to provide fundamental care...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356192/how-much-of-toyota-s-philosophy-is-embedded-in-health-care-at-the-organisational-level-a-review
#18
Alain Antierens, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dries Myny, Ann Van Hecke
AIMS: Identify which of Toyota's principles are reported in health care institutions at the organisational level and to identify the type of reported outcomes related to the effectiveness of lean production reported in these studies. BACKGROUND: No scientific research has been conducted to determine which of Toyota's principles are embedded in health care systems. This knowledge is needed to perform targeted adjustments in health care. EVALUATION: Sixty studies were identified for the final analysis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327398/ways-of-knowing-on-the-internet-a-qualitative-review-of-cancer-websites-from-a-critical-nursing-perspective
#19
Kristen R Haase, Roanne T Thomas, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine F Holtslander
People diagnosed with cancer typically want information from their doctor or nurse. However, many individuals now turn to the Internet to tackle unmet information needs and to complement healthcare professional information. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the content of commonly searched cancer websites from a critical nursing perspective, as this information is accessible, and allows patients to address their information needs in ways that healthcare professionals cannot. This qualitative examination of websites is informed by Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing and complemented with the critical view to technology espoused by the philosophy of technology...
January 12, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306921/building-a-high-quality-oncology-nursing-workforce-through-lifelong-learning-the-de-souza-model
#20
Mary Jane Esplen, Jiahui Wong, Esther Green, Joy Richards, Jane Li
AbstractCancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Along with increased new cases, cancer care has become increasingly complex due to advances in diagnostics and treatments, greater survival, and new models of palliative care. Nurses are a critical resource for cancer patients and their families. Their roles and responsibilities are expanding across the cancer care continuum, calling for specialized training and support. Formal education prepares nurses for entry level of practice, however, it does not provide the specialized competencies required for quality care of cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
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