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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630258/realization-of-entry-to-practice-milestones-by-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates must realize a series of milestones to obtain full licensure. We examined the realization of milestones by Canadian and non-Canadian graduates of Western or Caribbean medical schools, and Canadian and non-Canadian graduates from other medical schools. METHODS: Using the National IMG Database (data available for 2005-2011), we created 2 cohorts: 1) international medical graduates who had passed the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part I between 2005 and 2010 and 2) those who had first entered a family medicine postgraduate program between 2005 and 2009, or had first entered a specialty postgraduate program in 2005 or 2006...
June 19, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617236/retention-patterns-of-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates
#2
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVES: Are Canadians who study abroad (CSAs) more likely to stay in Canada than other international medical graduates (IMGs)? We looked at retention patterns of CSAs and immigrant IMGs who completed post-graduate medical education (PGME) training in Canada to describe the proportion and predictors of those working in Canada and in rural communities in Canada in 2015. METHODS: We linked the National IMG Database to Scott's Medical Database to track the work locations of CSAs and immigrant IMGs in 2015...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617235/what-do-we-know-and-not-know-about-the-professional-integration-of-international-medical-graduates-imgs-in-canada
#3
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Christine L Covell
BACKGROUND: The literature on international medical graduates (IMGs) in Canada is growing, but there is a lack of systematic analysis of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the major themes in academic and grey literature pertaining to professional integration of IMGs in Canada; and (2) the gaps in our knowledge on integration of IMGs. METHODS: This paper is based on the scoping review of academic and grey literature published during 2001-2013 about IMGs in Canada...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606105/credentialing-and-retention-of-visa-trainees-in-post-graduate-medical-education-programs-in-canada
#4
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault, Lynda Buske
BACKGROUND: Visa trainees are international medical graduates (IMG) who come to Canada to train in a post-graduate medical education (PGME) program under a student or employment visa and are expected to return to their country of origin after training. We examined the credentialing and retention of visa trainees who entered PGME programs between 2005 and 2011. METHODS: Using the Canadian Post-MD Education Registry's National IMG Database linked to Scott's Medical Database, we examined four outcomes: (1) passing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 2 (MCCQE2), (2) obtaining a specialty designation (CCFP, FRCPC/SC), and (3) working in Canada after training and (4) in 2015...
June 12, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344716/an-examination-of-entrance-criteria-for-international-medical-graduates-imgs-into-canadian-psychiatry-residency-programs
#5
Ashok Soma, Mathew Myatt, Mario McKenna, Soma Ganesa, Ka Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: Although international medical graduates (IMGs) are essential in health care service delivery, a gap exists in the literature about how IMGs are selected into psychiatry residency programs in Canada. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative weight or importance that Canadian program directors (PDs) of psychiatry place on certain selection criteria when matching IMGs into residency programs. METHODS: We electronically distributed a web-based questionnaire to 16 university residency program directors of psychiatry in Canada...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344705/the-influence-of-globalization-on-medical-regulation-a-descriptive-analysis-of-international-medical-graduates-registered-through-alternative-licensure-routes-in-ontario
#6
Wendy Yen, Kathryn Hodwitz, Niels Thakkar, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Dan Faulkner
The increasing globalization of the medical profession has influenced health policy, health human resource planning, and medical regulation in Canada. Since the early 2000s, numerous policy initiatives have been created to facilitate the entry of international medical graduates (IMGs) into the Canadian workforce. In Ontario, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) developed alternative licensure routes to increase the ability of qualified IMGs to obtain licenses to practice. The current study provides demographic and descriptive information about the IMGs registered through the CPSO's alternative licensure routes between 2000 and 2012...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903252/shifting-tides-in-the-emigration-patterns-of-canadian-physicians-to-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#7
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603039/the-characteristics-of-international-medical-graduates-who-have-been-disciplined-by-professional-regulatory-colleges-in-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Asim Alam, John J Matelski, Hanna R Goldberg, Jessica J Liu, Jason Klemensberg, Chaim M Bell
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the proportion and characteristics of international medical graduates (IMGs) who have been disciplined by professional regulatory colleges in Canada in comparison with disciplined North American medical graduates (NAMGs). METHOD: The authors compiled a database of the nature of professional misconduct and penalties incurred by disciplined physicians from January 2000 to May 2015 using public records. They compared discipline data for IMGs versus those for NAMGs, and calculated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for select outcomes...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149322/cultural-transition-of-international-medical-graduate-residents-into-family-practice-in-canada
#9
Jean A C Triscott, Olga Szafran, Earle H Waugh, Jacqueline M I Torti, Martina Barton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceived strengths that international medical graduate (IMG) family medicine residents possess and the challenges they are perceived to encounter in integrating into Canadian family practice. METHODS: This was a qualitative, exploratory study employing focus groups and interviews with 27 participants - 10 family physicians, 13 health care professionals, and 4 family medicine residents. Focus group/interview questions addressed the strengths that IMGs possess and the challenges they face in becoming culturally competent within the Canadian medico-cultural context...
May 4, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661783/in-the-minds-of-osce-examiners-uncovering-hidden-assumptions
#10
Saad Chahine, Bruce Holmes, Zbigniew Kowalewski
The Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) is a widely used method of assessment in medical education. Rater cognition has become an important area of inquiry in the medical education assessment literature generally, and in the OSCE literature specifically, because of concerns about potential compromises of validity. In this study, a novel approach to mixed methods that combined Ordinal Logistic Hierarchical Linear Modeling and cognitive interviews was used to gain insights about what examiners were thinking during an OSCE...
August 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451224/doctors-of-osteopathic-medicine-do-a-canadian-perspective
#11
Sevan Evren, Andrew Yuzhong Bi, Shuchi Talwar, Andrew Yeh, Howard Teitelbaum
BACKGROUND: Doctors of osteopathic medicine (DO) are one of the fastest growing segments of health care professionals in the United States. Although Canada has taken significant leaps in the acknowledgment of US trained DOs, there continues to be a lack of understanding of the profession by Canadian trained physicians. In this article, we provide a brief overview of osteopathic medical education and training in the United States. METHOD: Current information of osteopathic training by American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and American Osteopathic Association (AOA) was presented...
2014: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451178/preparation-of-imgs-for-residency-training-in-canada
#12
Andrew Duncan, Megha Poddar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26115499/training-international-medical-graduate-clinical-fellows-the-challenges-and-opportunities-for-adolescent-medicine-programs
#13
Eudice Goldberg
Adolescent medicine achieved accreditation status first in the United States in 1994 and then in Canada in 2008 and even if it is not an accredited subspecialty in most other Western nations, it has still become firmly established as a distinct discipline. This has not necessarily been the case in some developing countries, where even the recognition of adolescence as a unique stage of human development is not always acknowledged. The program at SickKids in Toronto has prided itself in treating its international medical graduates (IMG) clinical fellows the same as their Canadian subspecialty residents by integrating them seamlessly into the training program...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25901275/student-perception-about-working-in-rural-united-states-canada-after-graduation-a-study-in-an-offshore-caribbean-medical-school
#14
P Ravi Shankar, Arun K Dubey, Atanu Nandy, Burton L Herz, Brian W Little
INTRODUCTION: Rural residents of the United States (US) and Canada face problems in accessing healthcare. International medical graduates (IMGs) play an important role in delivering rural healthcare. IMGs from Caribbean medical schools have the highest proportion of physicians in primary care.  Xavier University School of Medicines admits students from the US, Canada and other countries to the undergraduate medical (MD) course and also offers a premedical program. The present study was conducted to obtain student perception about working in rural US/Canada after graduation...
2014: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25545573/equal-global-local-discourses-in-taiwan-s-international-medical-graduate-debate
#15
Ming-Jung Ho, Kevin Shaw, Tzu-Hung Liu, Jessie Norris, Yu-Ting Chiu
CONTEXT: With the globalisation of medicine, the role of international medical graduates (IMGs) has expanded. Nonetheless, the experiences of native-born IMGs remain under-researched. In Taiwan, public controversy has unfolded around IMGs educated in Poland, calling into question the meaning(s) of equality in policy and medicine. In focusing on the return of IMGs to their countries of origin, this study adds to the growing literature concerning equality and globalisation in medical education...
January 2015: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25318037/a-framework-for-understanding-international-medical-graduate-challenges-during-transition-into-fellowship-programs
#16
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Attia Khan, Adrienne Tan, Raed Hawa, Susan Abbey, Timothy Jackson, Ari Zaretsky, Allan Okrainec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have highlighted unique needs of international medical graduates (IMG) during their transition into medical training programs; however, limited data exist on IMG needs specific to fellowship training. PURPOSES: We conducted the following mixed-method study to determine IMG fellow training needs during the transition into fellowship training programs in psychiatry and surgery. METHODS: The authors conducted a mixed-methods study consisting of an online survey of IMG fellows and their supervisors in psychiatry or surgery fellowship training programs and individual interviews of IMG fellows...
2014: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25316762/predicting-international-medical-graduate-success-on-college-certification-examinations-responding-to-the-thomson-and-cohl-judicial-report-on-img-selection
#17
Inge Schabort, Mathew Mercuri, Lawrence E M Grierson
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of international medical graduate (IMG) success in accordance with the priorities highlighted by the Thomson and Cohl judicial report on IMG selection. DESIGN: Retrospective assessment using regression analyses to compare the information available at the time of resident selection with those trainees' national certification examination outcomes. SETTING: McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: McMaster University IMG residents who completed the program between 2005 and 2011...
October 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24987719/the-dilemma-of-physician-shortage-and-international-recruitment-in-canada
#18
Nazrul Islam
The perception of physician shortage in Canada is widespread. Absolute shortages and relative discrepancies, both specialty-wise and in urban-rural distribution, have been a daunting policy challenge. International Medical Graduates (IMGs) have been at the core of mitigating this problem, especially as long as shortage of physicians in rural areas is concerned. Considering such recruitment as historical reality is naïve annotation, but when it is recommended per se, then the indication of interest overweighs the intent of ethically justified solution...
June 2014: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24868176/-brain-drain-and-brain-waste-experiences-of-international-medical-graduates-in-ontario
#19
Aisha Lofters, Morgan Slater, Nishit Fumakia, Naomi Thulien
BACKGROUND: "Brain drain" is a colloquial term used to describe the migration of health care workers from low-income and middle-income countries to higher-income countries. The consequences of this migration can be significant for donor countries where physician densities are already low. In addition, a significant number of migrating physicians fall victim to "brain waste" upon arrival in higher-income countries, with their skills either underutilized or not utilized at all. In order to better understand the phenomena of brain drain and brain waste, we conducted an anonymous online survey of international medical graduates (IMGs) from low-income and middle-income countries who were actively pursuing a medical residency position in Ontario, Canada...
2014: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23418245/img-candidates-demographic-characteristics-as-predictors-of-cehpea-ce1-results
#20
Marla Nayer, Arthur Rothman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which demographic characteristics are related to international medical graduate (IMG) candidate performance on the Centre for the Evaluation of Health Professionals Educated Abroad General Comprehensive Clinical Examination 1 (CE1). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: All IMG candidates who registered for and took the CE1 in 2007 (n = 430), 2008 (n = 480), and 2009 (n = 472) were included in this analysis...
February 2013: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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