Read by QxMD icon Read

img canada

Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Asim Alam, John J Matelski, Hanna R Goldberg, Jessica J Liu, Jason Klemensberg, Chaim M Bell
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the proportion and characteristics of international medical graduates (IMGs) who have been disciplined by professional regulatory colleges in Canada in comparison with disciplined North American medical graduates (NAMGs). METHOD: The authors compiled a database of the nature of professional misconduct and penalties incurred by disciplined physicians from January 2000 to May 2015 using public records. They compared discipline data for IMGs versus those for NAMGs, and calculated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for select outcomes...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jean A C Triscott, Olga Szafran, Earle H Waugh, Jacqueline M I Torti, Martina Barton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceived strengths that international medical graduate (IMG) family medicine residents possess and the challenges they are perceived to encounter in integrating into Canadian family practice. METHODS: This was a qualitative, exploratory study employing focus groups and interviews with 27 participants - 10 family physicians, 13 health care professionals, and 4 family medicine residents. Focus group/interview questions addressed the strengths that IMGs possess and the challenges they face in becoming culturally competent within the Canadian medico-cultural context...
May 4, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Saad Chahine, Bruce Holmes, Zbigniew Kowalewski
The Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) is a widely used method of assessment in medical education. Rater cognition has become an important area of inquiry in the medical education assessment literature generally, and in the OSCE literature specifically, because of concerns about potential compromises of validity. In this study, a novel approach to mixed methods that combined Ordinal Logistic Hierarchical Linear Modeling and cognitive interviews was used to gain insights about what examiners were thinking during an OSCE...
August 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Sevan Evren, Andrew Yuzhong Bi, Shuchi Talwar, Andrew Yeh, Howard Teitelbaum
BACKGROUND: Doctors of osteopathic medicine (DO) are one of the fastest growing segments of health care professionals in the United States. Although Canada has taken significant leaps in the acknowledgment of US trained DOs, there continues to be a lack of understanding of the profession by Canadian trained physicians. In this article, we provide a brief overview of osteopathic medical education and training in the United States. METHOD: Current information of osteopathic training by American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and American Osteopathic Association (AOA) was presented...
2014: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Andrew Duncan, Megha Poddar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Eudice Goldberg
Adolescent medicine achieved accreditation status first in the United States in 1994 and then in Canada in 2008 and even if it is not an accredited subspecialty in most other Western nations, it has still become firmly established as a distinct discipline. This has not necessarily been the case in some developing countries, where even the recognition of adolescence as a unique stage of human development is not always acknowledged. The program at SickKids in Toronto has prided itself in treating its international medical graduates (IMG) clinical fellows the same as their Canadian subspecialty residents by integrating them seamlessly into the training program...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
P Ravi Shankar, Arun K Dubey, Atanu Nandy, Burton L Herz, Brian W Little
INTRODUCTION: Rural residents of the United States (US) and Canada face problems in accessing healthcare. International medical graduates (IMGs) play an important role in delivering rural healthcare. IMGs from Caribbean medical schools have the highest proportion of physicians in primary care.  Xavier University School of Medicines admits students from the US, Canada and other countries to the undergraduate medical (MD) course and also offers a premedical program. The present study was conducted to obtain student perception about working in rural US/Canada after graduation...
2014: F1000Research
Ming-Jung Ho, Kevin Shaw, Tzu-Hung Liu, Jessie Norris, Yu-Ting Chiu
CONTEXT: With the globalisation of medicine, the role of international medical graduates (IMGs) has expanded. Nonetheless, the experiences of native-born IMGs remain under-researched. In Taiwan, public controversy has unfolded around IMGs educated in Poland, calling into question the meaning(s) of equality in policy and medicine. In focusing on the return of IMGs to their countries of origin, this study adds to the growing literature concerning equality and globalisation in medical education...
January 2015: Medical Education
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Attia Khan, Adrienne Tan, Raed Hawa, Susan Abbey, Timothy Jackson, Ari Zaretsky, Allan Okrainec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have highlighted unique needs of international medical graduates (IMG) during their transition into medical training programs; however, limited data exist on IMG needs specific to fellowship training. PURPOSES: We conducted the following mixed-method study to determine IMG fellow training needs during the transition into fellowship training programs in psychiatry and surgery. METHODS: The authors conducted a mixed-methods study consisting of an online survey of IMG fellows and their supervisors in psychiatry or surgery fellowship training programs and individual interviews of IMG fellows...
2014: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Inge Schabort, Mathew Mercuri, Lawrence E M Grierson
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of international medical graduate (IMG) success in accordance with the priorities highlighted by the Thomson and Cohl judicial report on IMG selection. DESIGN: Retrospective assessment using regression analyses to compare the information available at the time of resident selection with those trainees' national certification examination outcomes. SETTING: McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: McMaster University IMG residents who completed the program between 2005 and 2011...
October 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Nazrul Islam
The perception of physician shortage in Canada is widespread. Absolute shortages and relative discrepancies, both specialty-wise and in urban-rural distribution, have been a daunting policy challenge. International Medical Graduates (IMGs) have been at the core of mitigating this problem, especially as long as shortage of physicians in rural areas is concerned. Considering such recruitment as historical reality is naïve annotation, but when it is recommended per se, then the indication of interest overweighs the intent of ethically justified solution...
June 2014: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Aisha Lofters, Morgan Slater, Nishit Fumakia, Naomi Thulien
BACKGROUND: "Brain drain" is a colloquial term used to describe the migration of health care workers from low-income and middle-income countries to higher-income countries. The consequences of this migration can be significant for donor countries where physician densities are already low. In addition, a significant number of migrating physicians fall victim to "brain waste" upon arrival in higher-income countries, with their skills either underutilized or not utilized at all. In order to better understand the phenomena of brain drain and brain waste, we conducted an anonymous online survey of international medical graduates (IMGs) from low-income and middle-income countries who were actively pursuing a medical residency position in Ontario, Canada...
2014: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
Marla Nayer, Arthur Rothman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which demographic characteristics are related to international medical graduate (IMG) candidate performance on the Centre for the Evaluation of Health Professionals Educated Abroad General Comprehensive Clinical Examination 1 (CE1). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: All IMG candidates who registered for and took the CE1 in 2007 (n = 430), 2008 (n = 480), and 2009 (n = 472) were included in this analysis...
February 2013: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
S Rushd, A B Landau, S W Lindow
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of international medical graduates in the MRCOG Part 1 and Part 2 written examinations. STUDY DESIGN: Using the database of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, a retrospective analysis was performed of the performance of overseas candidates who appeared for the first time in the Part 1 (n=11,863) and Part 2 written (n=5336) MRCOG examinations between 2000 and 2010. Candidates were grouped according to the RCOG geographical bands...
February 2013: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Anne-Marie MacLellan, Carlos Brailovsky, François Miller, Sylvie Leboeuf
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that help predict success for international medical graduates (IMGs) who train in Canadian residency programs and pass the Canadian certification examinations. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 58 variables in the files of IMGs who applied to the Collège des médecins du Québec between 2000 and 2008. SETTING: Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred ten IMGs who applied to the Collège des médecins du Québec through either the "equivalency pathway" (ie, starting training at a residency level) or the "clerkship pathway" (ie, relearning at the level of a medical student in the last 2 years of the MD diploma)...
June 2012: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Gaurav Jain, Mir Nadeem Mazhar, Aghaegbulam Uga, Manisha Punwani, Karen E Broquet
OBJECTIVES: International medical graduates (IMGs) account for a significant proportion of residents in psychiatric training in the United States. Many IMGs may have previously completed psychiatry residency training in other countries. Their experiences may improve our system. Authors compared and contrasted psychiatry residency training in the U.S. to that of Canada, the United Kingdom, India, and Nigeria. The study also highlights the systems-based features that may have an impact on the adaptation of IMGs (especially previously-trained) to U...
July 1, 2012: Academic Psychiatry
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Raed Hawa, Mazin Al-Battran, Susan E Abbey, Ari Zaretsky
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing number of international medical graduates (IMGs) training in medicine in Canada and the United States, IMG-specific challenges early in psychiatry residency have not been fully explored. Therefore, the authors conducted a needs-assessment survey to determine the needs of IMGs transitioning into psychiatry residency. METHOD: Using a 15-item online questionnaire, authors conducted a needs-assessment of IMG residents in five Canadian psychiatry residency programs...
July 1, 2012: Academic Psychiatry
Tanya N Beran, Efrem Violato, Sonia Faremo, Claudio Violato, David Watt, Deidre Lake
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the career decision-making process of International Medical Graduates (IMGs). There are two main types of IMGs who apply for licensure in Canada. Canadian International Medical Graduates (CIMGs) were Canadian citizens before leaving to study medicine in a foreign country, in comparison to those non-CIMGs who had studied medicine in a foreign country before immigrating to Canada. Given that their motivations for becoming a doctor in Canada may differ, it is important to examine how they decided to become a doctor for each group separately...
2012: BMC Research Notes
Pam McGrath, Anne Wong, Hamish Holewa
CONTEXT: The increasing global mobility of physicians and severe physician shortages of many countries has led to an increasing reliance on International Medical Graduates (IMGs) by countries including Australia and Canada. OBJECTIVES: A web-based comparison of licensing policies for IMGs in Australia and Canada to inform and improve policies in each country. METHODS: The research involved identification of relevant government and medical regulatory bodies' official websites documenting information on the licensing process for IMGs from each respective country; in-depth examination and comparison of the licensing processes outlined on these sites; and compilation of a comprehensive list of similarities and differences...
April 2011: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"