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Florence Wong, Peter Jepsen, Hugh Watson, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute episodes of renal dysfunction or acute kidney injury (AKI) in cirrhotic patients with ascites are mostly precipitated by an acute event. The prevalence of un-precipitated AKI in stable ascitic cirrhotic patients is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine i) the prevalence of un-precipitated AKI in stable cirrhotics with ascites, and ii) any predictive factors for its development. METHODS: 1115 stable cirrhotic patients with mild liver and renal dysfunction but varying degrees of ascites severity from 3 previous satavaptan versus placebo randomized controlled trials (group A: ascites requiring diuretics but not paracentesis; Group B: ascites requiring frequent paracentesis; Group C: refractory ascites) were included...
March 13, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Dipti Prava Sahoo, Susanginee Nayak, K Hemalata Reddy, Satyabadi Martha, Kulamani Parida
Photocatalytic generation of H2 and O2 by water splitting remains a great challenge for clean and sustainable energy. Taking into the consideration promising heterojunction photocatalysts, analogous energy issues have been mitigated to a meaningful extent. Herein, we have architectured a highly efficient bifunctional heterojunction material, i.e., p-type Co(OH)2 platelets with an n-type ZnCr layered double hydroxide (LDH) by an ultrasonication method. Primarily, the Mott-Schottky measurements confirmed the n- and p-type semiconductive properties of LDH and CH material, respectively, with the construction of a p-n heterojunction...
March 12, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Latrice G Landry, Heidi L Rehm
Importance: Individuals of all races/ethnicities have a fundamental right to access health care and benefit from advances in science and medicine, including genetic testing. Objective: To determine whether detection rates for cardiomyopathy genetic testing differed between white people, Asian people, and underrepresented minorities (individuals of black, Hispanic, Native American, Alaskan Native, or Pacific Islander descent). Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the genetic panel test results of 5729 probands who had a suspected diagnosis or family history of cardiomyopathy and who had been referred for testing between October 2003 and December 2017...
February 28, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Amy C Moreno, Waqar Haque, Vivek Verma, Penny Fang, Steven H Lin
BACKGROUND: Following complete resection of pN2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), national guidelines recommend either sequential (sCRT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT). This is the largest study to date evaluating survival between both approaches. In sCRT patients, sequencing 'chemotherapy first' versus 'radiotherapy first' was also addressed. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was queried for patients with primary NSCLC undergoing surgery (without neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy), pN2 disease with negative surgical margins, and receiving postoperative CRT...
February 26, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Shao-Bin Wei, Wei Wang, Nian Liu, Ji Chen, Xue-Yuan Guo, Ri-Bo Tang, Rong-Hui Yu, De-Yong Long, Cai-Hua Sang, Chen-Xi Jiang, Song-Nan Li, Song-Nan Wen, Jia-Hui Wu, Rong Bai, Xin Du, Jian-Zeng Dong, Chang-Sheng Ma
PURPOSE: Thyroid dysfunction affects the outcomes of atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation. However, it remains unclear if the variations in thyroid function, especially in the triiodothyronine levels, are associated with AF recurrence in euthyroid subjects. This study investigated the associations of thyroid hormone levels with arrhythmia recurrence after AF catheter ablation in euthyroid patients. METHODS: A total of 1115 consecutive AF patients who underwent catheter ablation were prospectively enrolled and had their thyroid function measured prior to the procedure...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
A V Golenkov, F V Orlov, S P Sapozhnikov, V A Kozlov
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the connection of sleep disorders (SD) with a headache (HA) among the representative sample of population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1115 inhabitants of Chuvashia (491 men and 624 women) aged from 18 to 70 years old have been interviewed (middle age 38.7±13.9 years old); respondents under 18 and over 70 years old were not included into the research. There were 690 city residents, and 425 residents of the rural areas...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Konstantinos Z Vardakas, Andreas D Mavroudis, Maria Georgiou, Matthew E Falagas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether IV plus inhaled combination (IV/INHCC) compared to IV monotherapy (IVCM) was associated with patient outcomes and identify factors influencing study outcomes. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched till November 2016. Studies were included if they evaluated adult patients with lower respiratory tract infections due to MDR/XDR Gram-negative bacteria and reported comparative mortality data (adjusted and unadjusted) for patients receiving IV/INHCC versus IVCM...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Infection
Jun Ye, Jiangming Xu, Jiaxin Song, Hanshuo Wu, Hanwei Zhang, Jian Wu, Pu Zhou
Fiber lasers with flexible spectral manipulation property could provide a flexible tool for scenes where the temporal coherence property accounts, for example, coherent sensing/communication and nonlinear frequency conversion. Due to the good laser performance and relative simplicity of implementation, random fiber lasers (RFLs) based on random distributed feedback and Raman gain have earned more and more attention in the past few years, and a variety of RFLs with substantially different spectral properties have been developed...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Michael R Dougherty, Alison M Robey, Daniel Buttaccio
A central question in the metacognitive literature concerns whether the act of making a metacognitive judgment alters one's memory for the information about which the judgment was made. Dougherty, Scheck, Nelson, and Narens (2005, Memory & Cognition, 33(6), 1096-1115) attempted to address this question by having participants make either retrospective confidence judgments (RCJs; i.e., evaluations of past retrieval success), judgments of learning (JOLs; i.e., predictions of future retrieval success), or no explicit judgments...
January 24, 2018: Memory & Cognition
Jiae Choi, Jeong-Sik Yu, Eun-Suk Cho, Joo Hee Kim, Jae-Joon Chung
PURPOSE: To investigate the very long-term (> 5 years) follow-up changes of hepatic cavernous hemangiomas and to evaluate possible determinant factors for the changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 1115 consecutive patients suspected of having hepatic hemangiomas based on imaging features, 101 patients with comparable computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging data during a 5-year follow-up interval in the Picture Archiving and Communication System were analyzed...
January 22, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Qian-Qian Yang, Su-Wen Liu, Chao He, Xiao-Ping Yu
Species of Pomacea, commonly known as apple snails, are native to South America, and have become widely distributed agricultural and environmental pests in southern China since their introduction in the 1980s. However, only since 2010 have researchers recognized that at least two species, P. canaliculata and P. maculata, are present in China. Although impacts of apple snails have been extensively documented, confusion still persists regarding current distributions and origin of the species in China. To resolve this confusion, we used phylogenetic and phylogeographic methods to analyze 1464 mitochondrial COI sequences, including 349 new sequences from samples collected in southern China and 1115 publicly available sequences from snails collected in the native and introduced ranges...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marian Christoph Neidert, Nicolai Maldaner, Martin Nikolaus Stienen, Michel Roethlisberger, Daniel W Zumofen, Donato D'Alonzo, Serge Marbacher, Rodolfo Maduri, Isabel Charlotte Hostettler, Bawarjan Schatlo, Michel M Schneider, Martin A Seule, Daniel Schöni, Johannes Goldberg, Christian Fung, Marta Arrighi, Daniele Valsecchi, Philippe Bijlenga, Karl Schaller, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli, Jan-Karl Burkhardt
BACKGROUND: The Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) scale is a novel quantitative scale measuring maximal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) thickness to predict delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). This scale could replace the Fisher score, which was traditionally used for DCI prediction. OBJECTIVE: To validate the BNI scale. METHODS: All patient data were obtained from the prospective aneurysmal SAH multicenter registry. In 1321 patients, demographic data, BNI scale, DCI, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score up to the 1-yr follow-up (1FU) were available for descriptive and univariate statistics...
January 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
Jurate Butnoriene, Vesta Steibliene, Ausra Saudargiene, Adomas Bunevicius
BACKGROUND: Depressive and anxiety disorders are common in primary care setting but often remain undiagnosed. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is also prevalent in the general population and can impair recognition of common mental disorders due to significant co-morbidity and overlap with psychiatric symptoms included in self-reported depression/anxiety screening tools. We investigated if MetS has an impact on the accuracy of current major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) screening results using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jasper Shen, Kevin Hur, Zhipeng Zhang, Michael Minneti, Martin Pham, Bozena Wrobel, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: The emergence of minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery has necessitated reproducible and realistic simulators of rare vascular injuries. OBJECTIVE: To assess the face and content validity of an innovative perfusion-based cadaveric model developed to simulate internal carotid artery (ICA) injury during endoscopic surgery. METHODS: Otolaryngology and neurosurgery trainees attempted 3 consecutive trials of endoscopic control of a parasellar ICA injury, with standardized technical feedback...
December 29, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Jian Huang, Yating Ma, Qingshui Xie, Hongfei Zheng, Jingren Yang, Laisen Wang, Dong-Liang Peng
3D Graphene sheets encapsulated amorphous hollow CoSnO3 nanoboxes (H-CoSnO3 @reduced graphene oxide [RGO]) are successfully fabricated by first preparing 3D graphene oxides encapsulated solid CoSn(OH)6 nanocubes, followed by an alkaline etching process and subsequent heating treatment in Ar. The hollow CoSnO3 nanoboxes with average particle size of 230 nm are uniformly and tightly encapsulated by RGO sheets. As an anode material for Li-ion batteries, H-CoSnO3 @RGO displays high initial Coulombic efficiency of 87...
December 27, 2017: Small
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
Amrita G Shenoy, Charles E Begley, Lee Revere, Stephen H Linder, Stephen P Daiger
INTRODUCTION: Adoption of Medicaid Section 1115 waiver is one of the many ways of innovating healthcare delivery system. The Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment (DSRIP) pool, one of the two funding pools of the waiver has four categories viz. infrastructure development, program innovation and redesign, quality improvement reporting and lastly, bringing about population health improvement. BACKGROUND: A metric of the fourth category, preventable hospitalization (PH) rate was analyzed in the context of eight conditions for two time periods, pre-reporting years (2010-2012) and post-reporting years (2013-2015) for two hospital cohorts, DSRIP participating and non-participating hospitals...
December 7, 2017: Healthcare
Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Myeong-Hyeon Wang
Antibacterial silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are synthesized from various biological resources, but studies on Trichoderma-based synthesis are limited. Hence, the current work synthesized antibacterial silver nanoparticles using Trichoderma atroviride and also tested for their biomedical properties. AgNPs synthesis was confirmed by the occurrence of plasmon resonance at 390-400 nm in the UV-vis spectrum. FTIR spectrum displayed the bands at 1115.4 and 3450 cm-1 indicating the vibrations of the metallic oxides...
January 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
William W Thomas, Jason Brant, Jinbo Chen, Orly Coblens, John P Fischer, Jason G Newman, Ara A Chalian, Rabie M Shanti, Steven B Cannady
Importance: Prolonged hospitalization and reoperation after free tissue transfer may be associated with certain clinical factors. Objective: To determine patient and surgical factors associated with length of stay (LOS) and reoperation following surgical procedures for malignant neoplasm of the head and neck involving microvascular free tissue transfer reconstruction. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective review of American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data from 2012 to 2014 using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9), codes for malignant neoplasms of the head and neck...
November 30, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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