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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720635/increased-public-accountability-for-hospital-nonprofit-status-potential-impacts-on-residency-positions
#1
Melanie C Raffoul, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recently called for greater graduate medical education (GME) accountability for meeting the workforce needs of the nation. The Affordable Care Act expanded community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for nonprofit and tax-exempt hospitals to include community assessment, intervention, and evaluation every 3 years but did not specify details about workforce. Texas receives relatively little federal GME funding but has used Medicaid waivers to support GME expansion...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718818/correction-zielinski-w-et-al-ionic-liquids-as-solvents-for-rhodium-and-platinum-catalysts-used-in-hydrosilylation-reaction-molecules-2016-21-1115
#2
Witold Zielinski, Rafal Kukawka, Hieronim Maciejewski, Marcin Smiglak
The authors are sorry to report that the yield of the hydrosilylation reaction in [P44414][NTf2] (1) IL with [RhCl(PPh3)3] was replaced with the yield reported for [P44414][NTf2] (1) IL with K2PtCl4 in their published paper [1]. [...].
July 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714944/impact-of-the-presence-of-hla-1-locus-mismatch-and-the-use-of-low-dose-antithymocyte-globulin-in-unrelated-bone-marrow-transplantation
#3
K Kawamura, J Kanda, S Fuji, M Murata, K Ikegame, K Yoshioka, T Fukuda, Y Ozawa, N Uchida, K Iwato, T Sakura, M Hidaka, H Hashimoto, T Ichinohe, Y Atsuta, Y Kanda
HLA 1-locus-mismatched unrelated donors (1MMUD) have been used in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for patients who lack an HLA-matched donor. We retrospectively analyzed 3313 patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent bone marrow transplantation from an HLA allele-matched unrelated donor (MUD) or 1MMUD between 2009 and 2014. We compared the outcomes of MUD (n=2089) and 1MMUD with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (1MM-ATG(+); n=109) with those of 1MMUD without ATG (1MM-ATG(-); n=1115)...
July 17, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713064/novel-risk-stratification-for-metachronous-recurrence-after-curative-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-gastric-cancer
#4
Hyo-Joon Yang, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Hyun Lim, Ji Min Choi, Sooyeon Oh, Jae Yong Park, Seung Jun Han, Jung Kim, Hyunsoo Chung, Hyun Chae Jung
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study stratified the risk of developing metachronous gastric cancer (MGC) after curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early gastric cancer (EGC) to enable the customization of endoscopic surveillance for MGC. METHODS: A total of 1115 patients who underwent curative ESD based on the expanded criteria for differentiated EGC from 2005 to 2014 at a single tertiary hospital were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. They were followed up with annual endoscopy for a median of 50...
July 13, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706117/age-specific-sex-differences-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-depicted-carotid-intraplaque-hemorrhage
#5
Navneet Singh, Alan R Moody, Bowen Zhang, Isabella Kaminski, Kush Kapur, Stephanie Chiu, Pascal N Tyrrell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke rates are higher in men compared with women in the fourth through seventh decades of life, and higher rates may result from differences in carotid intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), an unstable atherosclerotic plaque component. We report age-specific sex differences in the presence of magnetic resonance imaging-depicted carotid IPH. METHODS: Patients (n=1115) underwent magnetic resonance imaging for carotid IPH between 2005 and 2014. Low-grade carotid stenosis patients (n=906) without prior endarterectomy were eligible for this cross-sectional study...
August 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700194/california-public-hospitals-improved-quality-of-care-under-medicaid-waiver-program
#6
Nederah Pourat
California has 12 county-owned and operated hospital systems and 5 University of California hospitals designated as public hospitals. These organizations deliver the majority of inpatient care and a significant amount of outpatient care to Medicaid patients in the state. In 2010, California was the first state in the nation to implement a five-year Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment (DSRIP) program under the Section §1115 Medicaid "Bridge to Reform" waiver to improve the capacity of these hospitals to deliver high quality and more efficient care...
June 2017: Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690766/erratum-a-four-degree-of-freedom-robot-for-positioning-ultrasound-imaging-catheters-j-mechanisms-robotics-8-5-051016-may-04-2016-doi-10-1115-1-4032249
#7
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1115/1.4032249.].
August 2017: Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668655/seasonal-variations-of-respiratory-viruses-detected-from-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#8
Saad Sawal Albogami, Meshal R Alotaibi, Saud A Alsahli, Emad Masuadi, Mohammad Alshaalan
ARTIs have a huge impact in health systems in which 20-30% of all hospital admissions and 30-60% of practitioner visits are related to respiratory tract infections. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, age distribution, and seasonal variation of respiratory viruses. This study was descriptive retrospective study in which all patients 14 years of age and below who presented with signs and symptoms of ARTIs between January 2013 and December 2014 and had respiratory specimen tested by direct immunofluorescence assays for viruses identification were included in the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650664/the-dynamical-transition-of-lipid-multilamellar-bilayers-as-a-matter-of-cooperativity
#9
Judith Peters, Jérémie Marion, Francesca Natali, Efim Kats, Dominique J Bicout
The present study is the application of a two-state model formerly developed by Bicout and Zaccai [ Bicout , D. J. and Zaccai , G. Biophys. J. 2001 , 80 ( 3 ), 1115 - 1123 ] to describe the dynamical transition exhibited in the atomic mean square displacements of biological samples in terms of dynamic and thermodynamic parameters. Data were obtained by elastic incoherent neutron scattering on 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipid membranes in various hydration states and on one partially per-deuterated lipid membrane...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620866/high-levels-of-igf-1-predict-difficult-intubation-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#10
Yu Zhang, Xiaopeng Guo, Lijian Pei, Zhuhua Zhang, Gang Tan, Bing Xing
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics of difficult intubation and identify novel efficient predictors in patients with acromegaly. METHODS: Patients with either untreated acromegaly or non-functional pituitary adenomas were enrolled. Patients with acromegaly underwent hormone assays, upper airway computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations and preoperative overnight polysomnography. The modified Mallampati classification, mouth opening, neck circumference, and neck extension were assessed, and the Cormack-Lehane grades and the time of tracheal intubation were recorded...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618777/rare-earth-pcu-metal-organic-framework-platform-based-on-re4-%C3%AE-3-oh-4-coo-6-2-clusters-rational-design-directed-synthesis-and-deliberate-tuning-of-excitation-wavelengths
#11
Tian-Yi Luo, Chong Liu, Svetlana V Eliseeva, Patrick F Muldoon, Stéphane Petoud, Nathaniel L Rosi
The Td point group symmetry of rare earth (RE(3+)) metal clusters RE4(μ3-OH)4(COO)6(2+) makes them attractive building blocks for creating metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with controllable topologies. Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of a series of isoreticular MOFs featuring pcu topology [MOF-1114(RE) and MOF-1115(RE)] with variable rare earth metal ions (RE(3+) = Y(3+), Sm(3+), Eu(3+), Gd(3+), Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+), Er(3+), Tm(3+), Yb(3+)) and linear amino-functionalized dicarboxylate linkers of different lengths...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613454/changes-in-undergraduates-marijuana-heavy-alcohol-and-cigarette-use-following-legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-use-in-oregon
#12
David C R Kerr, Harold Bae, Sandi Phibbs, Adam C Kern
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recreational marijuana legalization (RML) went into effect in Oregon in July 2015. RML is expected to influence marijuana use by adolescents and young adults in particular, and by those with a propensity for substance use. We sought to quantify changes in rates of marijuana use among college students in Oregon from pre- to post-RML relative to college students in other states across the same time period. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional survey data from the 2012-16 administrations of the Healthy Minds Study...
June 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613083/the-aldh2-gene-rs671-polymorphism-is-not-associated-with-essential-hypertension
#13
Zhan-Ming Li, Chao-Yue Kong, Ke-Yu Sun, Li-Shun Wang
Essential hypertension (EH) is a worldwide problem. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene has been suggested to be correlated with EH. However, the results are inconsistent. This study aimed to investigate the associations of ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism with EH in a Chinese Han population in Shanghai. Genotype of ALDH2 rs671 was analyzed in 1923 EH patients and 1115 control subjects. We found no association between ALDH2 rs671 and EH risk or EH-related quantitative blood chemistry values. Furthermore, a meta-analysis was performed and the summary results from 11220 patients and 8339 control subjects were consistent with our findings...
June 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572788/corrigendum-what-the-heck-is-salience-how-predictive-language-processing-contributes-to-sociolinguistic-perception
#14
T Florian Jaeger, Kodi Weatherholtz
[This corrects the article on p. 1115 in vol. 7, PMID: 27536257.].
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539206/prediabetes-is-not-a-risk-factor-for-subclinical-coronary-atherosclerosis
#15
Gyung-Min Park, Young-Rak Cho, Seung-Whan Lee, Sung-Cheol Yun, Ki-Bum Won, Soe Hee Ann, Yong-Giun Kim, Shin-Jae Kim, Jae-Hyung Roh, Young-Hak Kim, Dong Hyun Yang, Joon-Won Kang, Tae-Hwan Lim, Chang Hee Jung, Eun Hee Koh, Woo Je Lee, Min-Seon Kim, Ki-Up Lee, Joong-Yeol Park, Hong-Kyu Kim, Jaewon Choe, Sang-Gon Lee
BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the influence of glycemic status on the risk of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis on coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS: We analyzed 6434 asymptomatic individuals who underwent CCTA. The degree and extent of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis were assessed by CCTA, and ≥50% diameter stenosis was defined as significant. Of study participants, 2197 (34.1%), 3122 (48...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461698/genetic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-psychosis-in-alzheimer-disease
#16
M A A DeMichele-Sweet, E A Weamer, L Klei, D T Vrana, D J Hollingshead, H J Seltman, R Sims, T Foroud, I Hernandez, S Moreno-Grau, L Tárraga, M Boada, A Ruiz, J Williams, R Mayeux, O L Lopez, E L Sibille, M I Kamboh, B Devlin, R A Sweet
Psychotic symptoms, defined as the occurrence of delusions or hallucinations, are frequent in Alzheimer disease (AD), affecting ~40 to 60% of individuals with AD (AD with psychosis (AD+P)). In comparison with AD subjects without psychosis, AD+P subjects have more rapid cognitive decline and poor outcomes. Prior studies have estimated the heritability of psychosis in AD at 61%, but the underlying genetic sources of this risk are not known. We evaluated a Discovery Cohort of 2876 AD subjects with (N=1761) or without psychosis (N=1115)...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460083/estimated-medical-expenditure-and-risk-of-job-loss-among-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-undergoing-tofacitinib-treatment-post-hoc-analyses-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
Regina Rendas-Baum, Mark Kosinski, Amitabh Singh, Charles A Mebus, Bethany E Wilkinson, Gene V Wallenstein
Objectives.: RA causes high disability levels and reduces health-related quality of life, triggering increased costs and risk of unemployment. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. These post hoc analyses of phase 3 data aimed to assess monthly medical expenditure (MME) and risk of job loss for tofacitinib treatment vs placebo. Methods.: Data analysed were from two randomized phase 3 studies of RA patients (n = 1115) with inadequate response to MTX or TNF inhibitors (TNFi) receiving tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg twice daily, adalimumab (one study only) or placebo, in combination with MTX...
April 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409919/atomic-layer-deposition-functionalized-carbonized-mesoporous-wood-fiber-for-high-sulfur-loading-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#18
Chao Luo, Hongli Zhu, Wei Luo, Fei Shen, Xiulin Fan, Jiaqi Dai, Yujia Liang, Chunsheng Wang, Liangbing Hu
Lithium-sulfur battery (LSB) as one of the most promising energy storage devices suffers from poor conductivity of sulfur and fast capacity decay triggered by the dissolution of polysulfides. In this work, functionalized carbonized mesoporous wood fiber (f-CMWF) is employed as a host to accommodate sulfur for the first time. Natural wood microfiber has unique hierarchical and mesoporous structure, which is well-maintained after carbonization. With such a hierarchical mesoporous structure, a high sulfur loading of 76 wt % is achieved in CMWF electrodes...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391549/disease-burden-of-mild-asthma-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-real-world-survey
#19
Bo Ding, Mark Small
INTRODUCTION: Most asthma patients have mild disease, although the burden of mild asthma is not well understood nor studied. Some evidence suggests that many patients with mild asthma experience suboptimal symptom control and exacerbations. This study characterizes the burden of illness and treatment patterns among patients with a confirmed diagnosis of mild asthma, defined as GINA Step 1 or Step 2, and residing in China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the United Kingdom, or the United States...
May 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381134/head-impact-density-a-model-to-explain-the-elusive-concussion-threshold
#20
Steven P Broglio, Andrew Lapointe, Kathryn L O'Connor, Michael McCrea
Concussion is a heterogeneous injury occurring throughout a range of impact magnitudes. Consequently, research focusing on a single or set of variables at the time of injury to understand concussive biomechanics has been thwarted by low injury prediction sensitivity. The current study examined the role of Impact Density in estimating concussive injury risk. Head impact data were collected across seven high school football seasons with the Head Impact Telemetry System (HIT System). Over the study period, 29 concussions were included for data analysis...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
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