keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immune flux

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156694/pdac-derived-exosomes-enrich-the-microenvironment-in-mdscs-in-a-smad4-dependent-manner-through-a-new-calcium-related-axis
#1
Daniela Basso, Elisa Gnatta, Andrea Padoan, Paola Fogar, Sara Furlanello, Ada Aita, Dania Bozzato, Carlo-Federico Zambon, Giorgio Arrigoni, Chiara Frasson, Cinzia Franchin, Stefania Moz, Thomas Brefort, Thomas Laufer, Filippo Navaglia, Sergio Pedrazzoli, Giuseppe Basso, Mario Plebani
Tumor genetics and escape from immune surveillance concur in the poor prognosis of PDAC. In this study an experimental model was set up to verify whether SMAD4, deleted in about 55% PDAC and associated with poor prognosis, is involved in determining immunosuppression through Exosomes (Exo). Potential mechanisms and mediators underlying SMAD4-dependent immunosuppression were evaluated by studying intracellular calcium (Fluo-4), Exo-miRNAs (microarray) and Exo-proteins (SILAC). Two PDAC cell lines expressing (BxPC3-SMAD4+) or not-expressing (BxPC3) SMAD4 were used to prepare Exo-enriched conditioned media, employed in experiments with blood donors PBMCs...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141885/a-role-for-bacterial-urease-in-gut-dysbiosis-and-crohn-s-disease
#2
Josephine Ni, Ting-Chin David Shen, Eric Z Chen, Kyle Bittinger, Aubrey Bailey, Manuela Roggiani, Alexandra Sirota-Madi, Elliot S Friedman, Lillian Chau, Andrew Lin, Ilana Nissim, Justin Scott, Abigail Lauder, Christopher Hoffmann, Gloriany Rivas, Lindsey Albenberg, Robert N Baldassano, Jonathan Braun, Ramnik J Xavier, Clary B Clish, Marc Yudkoff, Hongzhe Li, Mark Goulian, Frederic D Bushman, James D Lewis, Gary D Wu
Gut dysbiosis during inflammatory bowel disease involves alterations in the gut microbiota associated with inflammation of the host gut. We used a combination of shotgun metagenomic sequencing and metabolomics to analyze fecal samples from pediatric patients with Crohn's disease and found an association between disease severity, gut dysbiosis, and bacterial production of free amino acids. Nitrogen flux studies using (15)N in mice showed that activity of bacterial urease, an enzyme that releases ammonia by hydrolysis of host urea, led to the transfer of murine host-derived nitrogen to the gut microbiota where it was used for amino acid synthesis...
November 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123952/mevalonate-metabolism-governs-cancer-immune-surveillance
#3
REVIEW
Georg Gruenbacher, Martin Thurnher
The metabolic reprogramming that drives immunity engages the mevalonate pathway for cholesterol biosynthesis and protein prenylation. The importance of tight regulation of this metabolic route is reflected by the fact that too low activity impairs cellular function and survival, whereas hyperactivity can lead to malignant transformation. Here, we first address how mevalonate metabolism drives immunity and then highlight ways of the immune system to respond to both, limited and uncontrolled flux through the mevalonate pathway...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120360/elemental-ingredients-in-the-macrophage-cocktail-role-of-zip8-in-host-response-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#4
REVIEW
Charlie J Pyle, Abul K Azad, Audrey C Papp, Wolfgang Sadee, Daren L Knoell, Larry S Schlesinger
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global epidemic caused by the infection of human macrophages with the world's most deadly single bacterial pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb). M.tb resides in a phagosomal niche within macrophages, where trace element concentrations impact the immune response, bacterial metal metabolism, and bacterial survival. The manipulation of micronutrients is a critical mechanism of host defense against infection. In particular, the human zinc transporter Zrt-/Irt-like protein 8 (ZIP8), one of 14 ZIP family members, is important in the flux of divalent cations, including zinc, into the cytoplasm of macrophages...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083038/plasmodesmal-regulation-during-plant-pathogen-interactions
#5
REVIEW
Cecilia Cheval, Christine Faulkner
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. References SUMMARY: Plasmodesmata (PD) are plasma membrane-lined pores that connect neighbouring plant cells, bridging the cell wall and establishing cytoplasmic and membrane continuity between cells. PD are dynamic structures regulated by callose deposition in a variety of stress and developmental contexts. This process crudely controls the aperture of the pore and thus the flux of molecules between cells. During pathogen infection, plant cells initiate a range of immune responses and it was recently identified that, following perception of fungal and bacterial pathogens, plant cells initially close their PD...
October 30, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074456/histamine-and-t-helper-cytokine-driven-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction-in-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Brecht Steelant, Sven F Seys, Laura Van Gerven, Matthias Van Woensel, Ricard Farré, Paulina Wawrzyniak, Inge Kortekaas Krohn, Dominique M Bullens, Karel Talavera, Ulrike Raap, Louis Boon, Cezmi A Akdis, Guy Boeckxstaens, Jan L Ceuppens, Peter W Hellings
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by mucosal inflammation, driven by activated immune cells. Mast cells and TH2 cells might decrease epithelial barrier integrity in AR maintaining a leaky epithelial barrier. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the role of histamine and TH2 cells in driving epithelial barrier dysfunction in AR. METHODS: Air-liquid interface (ALI) cultures of primary nasal epithelial cells (pNECs) were used to measure trans-epithelial electrical resistance, paracellular flux of FITC-dextran 4kDa and mRNA expression of tight junctions...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073759/bioluminescent-probe-for-tumor-hypoxia-detection-via-cyp450-reductase-in-living-animals
#7
Yuqi Gao, Yuxing Lin, Tingting Liu, Hui Chen, Xiaofeng Yang, Chengsen Tian, Lupei Du, Minyong Li
Hypoxia is a pathogenic characteristic of solid tumors owing to absent or abnormal vasculature in the tumor microenvironment and essential in tumor progression, angiogenesis, metastasis, invasion and resistance to immune system and therapy. In hypoxic environments, CYP450 enzymes are more efficient than in normoxia. Herein, based on the reductive capacity of CYP450 enzymes/NADPH system, we managed to cage aminoluciferin developing a reaction-based bioluminescent probe as well as an imaging method for the hypoxia detection...
November 8, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064429/zinc-signals-and-immunity
#8
REVIEW
Martina Maywald, Inga Wessels, Lothar Rink
Zinc homeostasis is crucial for an adequate function of the immune system. Zinc deficiency as well as zinc excess result in severe disturbances in immune cell numbers and activities, which can result in increased susceptibility to infections and development of especially inflammatory diseases. This review focuses on the role of zinc in regulating intracellular signaling pathways in innate as well as adaptive immune cells. Main underlying molecular mechanisms and targets affected by altered zinc homeostasis, including kinases, caspases, phosphatases, and phosphodiesterases, will be highlighted in this article...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049365/myd88-dependent-inflammasome-activation-and-autophagy-inhibition-contributes-to-ehrlichia-induced-liver-injury-and-toxic-shock
#9
Muhamuda Kader, Mounia Alaoui-El-Azher, Jennie Vorhauer, Bhushan B Kode, Jakob Z Wells, Donna Stolz, George Michalopoulos, Alan Wells, Melanie Scott, Nahed Ismail
Severe hepatic inflammation is a common cause of acute liver injury following systemic infection with Ehrlichia, obligate Gram-negative intracellular bacteria that lack lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We have previously shown that type I IFN (IFN-I) and inflammasome activation are key host-pathogenic mediators that promote excessive inflammation and liver damage following fatal Ehrlichia infection. However, the underlying signals and mechanisms that regulate protective immunity and immunopathology during Ehrlichia infection are not well understood...
October 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047090/metabolic-reprogramming-and-redox-signaling-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Lydie Plecitá-Hlavatá, Angelo D'alessandro, Karim El Kasmi, Min Li, Hui Zhang, Petr Ježek, Kurt R Stenmark
Pulmonary hypertension is a complex disease of the pulmonary vasculature, which in severe cases terminates in right heart failure. Complex remodeling of pulmonary arteries comprises the central issue of its pathology. This includes extensive proliferation, apoptotic resistance and inflammation. As such, the molecular and cellular features of pulmonary hypertension resemble hallmark characteristics of cancer cell behavior. The vascular remodeling derives from significant metabolic changes in resident cells, which we describe in detail...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992224/modulation-of-leucocytic-angiotensin-converting-enzymes-expression-in-patients-maintained-on-high-permeable-haemodialysis
#11
Bogusz Trojanowicz, Christof Ulrich, Roman Fiedler, Peter Martus, Markus Storr, Torsten Boehler, Kristin Werner, Michael Hulko, Daniel Zickler, Kevin Willy, Ralf Schindler, Matthias Girndt
Background: High mortality of haemodialysis patients is associated with systemic chronic inflammation and overactivation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Insufficient elimination of pro-inflammatory immune mediators, especially in the molecular weight range of 15-45 kDa, may be one of the reasons for this. Employment of haemodialysis membranes with increased permeability was shown to ameliorate the inflammatory response and might modulate the effects of local RAS. In this study, we tested the impact of high cut-off (HCO), medium cut-off (MCO) and high-flux (HF) dialysis on leucocytic transcripts of angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE and ACE2)...
July 19, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988824/citrobacter-rodentium-subverts-atp-flux-and-cholesterol-homeostasis-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells-in%C3%A2-vivo
#12
Cedric N Berger, Valerie F Crepin, Theodoros I Roumeliotis, James C Wright, Danielle Carson, Meirav Pevsner-Fischer, R Christopher D Furniss, Gordon Dougan, Mally Dori-Bachash, Lu Yu, Abigail Clements, James W Collins, Eran Elinav, Gerald J Larrouy-Maumus, Jyoti S Choudhary, Gad Frankel
The intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that line the gut form a robust line of defense against ingested pathogens. We investigated the impact of infection with the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium on mouse IEC metabolism using global proteomic and targeted metabolomics and lipidomics. The major signatures of the infection were upregulation of the sugar transporter Sglt4, aerobic glycolysis, and production of phosphocreatine, which mobilizes cytosolic energy. In contrast, biogenesis of mitochondrial cardiolipins, essential for ATP production, was inhibited, which coincided with increased levels of mucosal O2 and a reduction in colon-associated anaerobic commensals...
November 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987733/how-inflammasomes-inform-adaptive-immunity
#13
REVIEW
Charles L Evavold, Jonathan C Kagan
An immune response consists of a finely orchestrated interplay between initial recognition of potential microbial threats by the innate immune system and subsequent licensed adaptive immune neutralization. The initial recognition integrates environmental cues derived from pathogen-associated molecular patterns and cell-intrinsic damage-associated molecular patterns to contextualize the insult and inform a tailored adaptive response via T and B lymphocytes. While there are much data to support the role of transcriptional responses downstream of pattern recognition receptors in informing the adaptive immune response, markedly less attention has been paid to the role of post-translational responses to pathogen-associated molecular pattern and damage-associated molecular pattern recognition by the innate immune system, and how this may influence adaptive immunity...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978679/proline-precursors-and-collagen-synthesis-biochemical-challenges-of-nutrient-supplementation-and-wound-healing
#14
REVIEW
Vance L Albaugh, Kaushik Mukherjee, Adrian Barbul
Wound healing is a complex process marked by highly coordinated immune fluxes into an area of tissue injury; these are required for re-establishment of normal tissue integrity. Along with this cascade of cellular players, wound healing also requires coordinated flux through a number of biochemical pathways, leading to synthesis of collagen and recycling or removal of damaged tissues. The availability of nutrients, especially amino acids, is critical for wound healing, and enteral supplementation has been intensely studied as a potential mechanism to augment wound healing-either by increasing tensile strength, decreasing healing time, or both...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958206/pka-kin-1-mediates-innate-immune-responses-to-bacterial-pathogens-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
Yi Xiao, Fang Liu, Pei-Ji Zhao, Cheng-Gang Zou, Ke-Qin Zhang
The genetically tractable organism Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model animal for the study of host innate immunity. Although the intestine and the epidermis of C. elegans that is in contact with pathogens are likely to function as sites for the immune function, recent studies indicate that the nervous system could control innate immunity in C. elegans. In this report, we demonstrated that protein kinase A (PKA)/KIN-1 in the neurons contributes to resistance against Salmonella enterica infection in C...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943870/gastrointestinal-tract-as-entry-route-for-hantavirus-infection
#16
Peter T Witkowski, Casey C Perley, Rebecca L Brocato, Jay W Hooper, Christian Jürgensen, Jörg-Dieter Schulzke, Detlev H Krüger, Roland Bücker
Background: Hantaviruses are zoonotic agents that cause hemorrhagic fevers and are thought to be transmitted to humans by exposure to aerosolized excreta of infected rodents. Puumala virus (PUUV) is the predominant endemic hantavirus in Europe. A large proportion of PUUV-infected patients suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms of unclear origin. In this study we demonstrate that PUUV infection can occur via the alimentary tract. Methods: We investigated susceptibility of the human small intestinal epithelium for PUUV infection and analyzed the resistance of virions to gastric juice...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940416/neurotransmitter-signaling-via-nmda-receptors-leads-to-decreased-th1-like-and-enhanced-th2-like-immune-balance-in-humans
#17
Kanami Orihara, Solomon O Odemuyiwa, Bill Stefura, Ramses Ilarraza, Kent T HayGlass, Redwan Moqbel
Given the pivotal roles that CD4 T cell imbalance plays in human immune disorders, much interest centres on better understanding influences that regulate human helper T cell subset dominance in vivo. Here, using primary CD4 T cells and short-term Th1 and Th2-like lines, we investigated roles and mechanisms by which neurotransmitter receptors may influence human Type 1 vs Type 2 immunity. We hypothesized N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDA-R), which play key roles in memory and learning, can also regulate human CD4+ T cell function through induction of excitotoxicity...
September 22, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935206/toll-like-receptor-7-8-agonists-stimulate-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-to-initiate-th17-deviated-acute-contact-dermatitis-in-human-subjects
#18
Natalie Garzorz-Stark, Felix Lauffer, Linda Krause, Jenny Thomas, Anne Atenhan, Regina Franz, Sophie Roenneberg, Alexander Boehner, Manja Jargosch, Richa Batra, Nikola S Mueller, Stefan Haak, Christina Groß, Olaf Groß, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Fabian J Theis, Carsten B Schmidt-Weber, Tilo Biedermann, Stefanie Eyerich, Kilian Eyerich
BACKGROUND: A standardized human model to study early pathogenic events in patients with psoriasis is missing. Activation of Toll-like receptor 7/8 by means of topical application of imiquimod is the most commonly used mouse model of psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the potential of a human imiquimod patch test model to resemble human psoriasis. METHODS: Imiquimod (Aldara 5% cream; 3M Pharmaceuticals, St Paul, Minn) was applied twice a week to the backs of volunteers (n = 18), and development of skin lesions was monitored over a period of 4 weeks...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931540/review-on-the-secret-life-of-ion-channels-kv1-3-potassium-channels-and-cell-proliferation
#19
M Teresa Perez Garcia, Pilar Cidad, Jose R Lopez-Lopez
Kv1.3 channels are involved in the switch to proliferation of normally quiescent cells, being implicated in the control of cell cycle in many different cell types and in many different ways. They modulate membrane potential controlling K(+) fluxes, sense changes in potential and interact with many signaling molecules through their intracellular domains. From a mechanistic point of view, we can describe the role of Kv1.3 channels in proliferation with at least three different models. In the "membrane potential model", membrane hyperpolarization resulting from Kv1...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924581/data-on-the-effects-of-eif6-downmodulation-on-the-proportions-of-innate-and-adaptive-immune-system-cell-subpopulations-and-on-thymocyte-maturation
#20
Nicola Manfrini, Sara Ricciardi, Annarita Miluzio, Maya Fedeli, Alessandra Scagliola, Simone Gallo, Thure Adler, Dirk H Busch, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Helmut Fuchs, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Stefano Biffo
The data described in this article are related to "High levels of eukaryotic Initiation Factor 6 (eIF6) are required for immune system homeostasis and for steering the glycolytic flux of TCR-stimulated CD4(+) T cells in both mice and humans" (Manfrini et al., in press) [1]. eIF6 is a translation initiation factor required for ribosomal biogenesis (Sanvito et al., 1999) [2] and for proper translational initiation (Gallo and Manfrini, 2015; Miluzio et al., 2016) [3], [4] whose protein abundance requires tight regulation...
October 2017: Data in Brief
keyword
keyword
92057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"