keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pseudomonas bacteremia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322242/utility-of-fosfomycin-as-antibacterial-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#1
Tanya Zapolskaya, Sarah Perreault, Dayna McManus, Jeffrey E Topal
PURPOSE: Prolonged and profound neutropenia is common among hematology and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients as a result of chemotherapy. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) currently recommend antibacterial prophylaxis in patients who are deemed at intermediate or high risk for infection. Specifically, fluoroquinolone prophylaxis should be considered for high-risk neutropenic patients. However, with prolonged and frequent exposure to fluoroquinolones, these high-risk patients may develop resistance to these agents...
January 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303041/changes-in-the-microbiological-epidemiology-of-febrile-neutropenia-in-autologous-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#2
Rosa Rönkkö, Auni Juutilainen, Irma Koivula, Matti Vänskä, Tapio Nousiainen, Esa Jantunen, Sari Hämäläinen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the incidence, microbiological etiology and outcome of febrile neutropenia among adult hematological patients following autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). METHODS: The study population consisted of patients who received ASCT between 1 December 2006 and 30 November 2012. The epidemiology was compared to a retrospective series covering eleven previous years at the same institution. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients, who had been identified as a risk group in the retrospective study, received ciprofloxacin prophylaxis from January 2008...
January 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298323/implementation-of-global-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-glass-in-patients-with-bacteremia
#3
Rujipas Sirijatuphat, Kantarida Sripanidkulchai, Adhiratha Boonyasiri, Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Orawan Supapueng, Pattarachai Kiratisin, Visanu Thamlikitkul
The global antimicrobial resistance surveillance system (GLASS) was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015. GLASS is a surveillance system for clinical specimens that are sent to microbiology laboratory for clinical purposes. The unique feature of GLASS is that clinical data is combined with microbiological data, and deduplication of the microbiological results is performed. The objective of the study was to determine feasibility and benefit of GLASS for surveillance of blood culture specimens...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248504/rapid-emergence-of-colistin-resistance-and-its-impact-on-mortality-in-healthcare-associated-infections
#4
Mehtap Aydin, Önder Ergönül, Alpay Azap, Hüseyin Bilgin, Güle Aydın, Sema Alp Çavuş, Yusuf Ziya Demiroğlu, Hikmet Eda Çalışkan, Osman Memikoğlu, Şirin Menekşe, Şafak Kaya, Nazlım Aktuğ Demir, İlkay Karaoğlan, Seniha Başaran, Çiğdem Hatipoğlu, Şebnem Erdinç, Emel Yılmaz, Ayhanım Tümtürk, Yasemin Tezer, Hamiyet Demirkaya, Şule Eren Çakar, Şiran Keske, SudaTekin, Cem Yardımcı, Çağla Karakoç, Pınar Ergen, Özlem Azap, Lütfiye Mülazımoğlu, Onur Ural, Füsun Can, Halis Akalın
We describe the emergence of resistance and predictors of fatality for 1556 cases of healthcare-associated Gram-negative bloodstream infections in 2014 and 2015. The colistin resistance rate in Klebsiella pneumoniae was 16.1%, compared with 6% in 2013. 660 (42.4%) cases were fatal. The highest fatality rate was among patients with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia (58%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (45%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (41%), Enterobacter cloacae (32%), and Escherichia coli (28%). In multivariate analysis, MIC for carbapenem (OR:1...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228127/antibiotic-resistance-and-the-risk-of-recurrent-bacteremia
#5
Sjoukje H S Woudt, Sabine C de Greeff, Annelot F Schoffelen, Anne L M Vlek, Marc J M Bonten
Background: Direct health effects of antibiotic resistance are difficult to assess. We quantified the risk of recurrent bacteremia associated with antibiotic resistance. Methods: We extracted antimicrobial susceptibility testing data on blood isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., Enterococcus spp. and Staphylococcus aureus from the Dutch surveillance system for antimicrobial resistance between 2008 and 2017. First and first recurrent (4-30days) bacteremia episodes were categorized as susceptible, single non-susceptible or co-non-susceptible (I/R), to 3rd generation cephalosporins -/+ carbapenems (Enterobacteriaceae), ceftazidime -/+ carbapenems (Pseudomonas spp...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205079/combination-antibiotic-therapy-for-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteremia-in-febrile-neutropenic-patients-the-question-still-remains
#6
Kate L McCarthy, Jacob D Cherian, Minyon L Avent, David L Paterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149978/perioperative-prophylaxis-for-total-artificial-heart-transplantation
#7
H E Chambers, P Pelish, F Qiu, D F Florescu
BACKGROUND: Practice variation regarding perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in total artificial heart transplantations (TAH-t) across institutions is unknown. The aim of our survey was to assess the current practices for prevention of infection in TAH-t recipients among different programs. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to programs that implant Syncardia TAH (Syncardia Systems, Tuscon, Ariz, USA). Proportions were analyzed for categorical variables; means and SDs were analyzed for continuous variables...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134582/long-term-efficacy-of-comprehensive-multidisciplinary-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-centered-on-weekly-prospective-audit-and-feedback
#8
Takeshi Kimura, Atsushi Uda, Tomoyuki Sakaue, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Tatsuya Nishioka, Sho Nishimura, Kei Ebisawa, Manabu Nagata, Goh Ohji, Tatsuya Nakamura, Chihiro Koike, Mari Kusuki, Takeshi Ioroi, Akira Mukai, Yasuhisa Abe, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Midori Hirai, Soichi Arakawa, Ikuko Yano, Kentaro Iwata, Issei Tokimatsu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effects of comprehensive antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) on antibiotic use, antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Before-after study. SETTING: National university hospital with 934 beds. INTERVENTION: Implementation in March 2010 of a comprehensive ASPs including, among other strategies, weekly prospective audit and feedback with multidisciplinary collaboration...
November 13, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047423/antimicrobial-nonsusceptibility-of-gram-negative-bloodstream-isolates-veterans-health-administration-system-united-states-2003-2013-1
#9
Michihiko Goto, Jennifer S McDanel, Makoto M Jones, Daniel J Livorsi, Michael E Ohl, Brice F Beck, Kelly K Richardson, Bruce Alexander, Eli N Perencevich
Bacteremia caused by gram-negative bacteria is associated with serious illness and death, and emergence of antimicrobial drug resistance in these bacteria is a major concern. Using national microbiology and patient data for 2003-2013 from the US Veterans Health Administration, we characterized nonsusceptibility trends of community-acquired, community-onset; healthcare-associated, community-onset; and hospital-onset bacteremia for selected gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter spp...
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033518/a-rare-experience-of-infective-residual-sheath-in-the-wall-of-the-innominate-vein-after-extraction-of-implantable-defibrillators
#10
Yuan-Hao Liu, Wei-Shiang Lin, Yi-Chang Lin, Chih-Yuan Lin, Chien-Sung Tsai, Yi-Ting Tsai
BACKGROUND: Cardiac device-related infective endocarditis is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication. Therefore, cardiac devices should be removed as soon as a device-related infection is suspected. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old male with a history of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) 7 years earlier and re-implantation of ICDs due to dysfunction 18 months ago presented with erosion of the ICD pocket with Pseudomonas bacteremia...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021487/severe-infection-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-during-eculizumab-therapy-for-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria
#11
Toru Kawakami, Hideyuki Nakazawa, Yukifumi Kurasawa, Hitoshi Sakai, Sayaka Nishina, Noriko Senoo, Yasushi Senoo, Fumihiro Ishida
Eculizumab is the complement inhibitor administered to ameliorate intravascular hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Whether or not the inhibitory mechanism may also increase the susceptibility to non-Neisserial infection is unclear. A 73-year old woman presented with bacteremia, cholecystitis and liver abscess with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Although she had been neutropenic for 21 years, she had no history of severe infection before eculizumab had been administered. The infection with P. aeruginosa was successfully controlled with antibiotics, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and cholecystectomy...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020364/antimicrobial-resistance-in-gram-negative-rods-causing-bacteremia-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-intercontinental-prospective-study-of-the-infectious-diseases-working-party-of-the-european-bone-marrow-transplantation-group
#12
Diana Averbuch, Gloria Tridello, Jennifer Hoek, Malgorzata Mikulska, Hamdi Akan, Lucrecia Yanez San Segundo, Thomas Pabst, Tülay Özçelik, Galina Klyasova, Irene Donnini, Depei Wu, Zafer Gülbas, Tsila Zuckerman, Aida Botelho de Sousa, Yves Beguin, Aliénor Xhaard, Emmanuel Bachy, Per Ljungman, Rafael de la Camara, Jelena Rascon, Isabel Ruiz Camps, Antonin Vitek, Francesca Patriarca, Laura Cudillo, Radovan Vrhovac, Peter J Shaw, Tom Wolfs, Tracey O'Brien, Batia Avni, Gerda Silling, Firas Al Sabty, Stelios Graphakos, Marja Sankelo, Henrik Sengeloev, Srinivas Pillai, Susanne Matthes, Frederiki Melanthiou, Simona Iacobelli, Jan Styczynski, Dan Engelhard, Simone Cesaro
Background: This intercontinental study aimed to study gram-negative rod (GNR) resistance in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: GNR bacteremias occurring during 6 months post-HSCT (February 2014-May 2015) were prospectively collected, and analyzed for rates and risk factors for resistance to fluoroquinolones, noncarbapenem anti-Pseudomonas β-lactams (noncarbapenems), carbapenems, and multidrug resistance. Results: Sixty-five HSCT centers from 25 countries in Europe, Australia, and Asia reported data on 655 GNR episodes and 704 pathogens in 591 patients (Enterobacteriaceae, 73%; nonfermentative rods, 24%; and 3% others)...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020286/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-pre-engraftment-gram-negative-bacteremia-after-allogeneic-and-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-an-italian-prospective-multicenter-survey
#13
Corrado Girmenia, Alice Bertaina, Alfonso Piciocchi, Katia Perruccio, Alessandra Algarotti, Alessandro Busca, Chiara Cattaneo, Anna Maria Raiola, Stefano Guidi, Anna Paola Iori, Anna Candoni, Giuseppe Irrera, Giuseppe Milone, Giampaolo Marcacci, Rosanna Scimè, Maurizio Musso, Laura Cudillo, Simona Sica, Luca Castagna, Paolo Corradini, Francesco Marchesi, Domenico Pastore, Emilio Paolo Alessandrino, Claudio Annaloro, Fabio Ciceri, Stella Santarone, Luca Nassi, Claudio Farina, Claudio Viscoli, Gian Maria Rossolini, Francesca Bonifazi, Alessandro Rambaldi
Background: Gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) is a major cause of illness and death after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and updated epidemiological investigation is advisable. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the epidemiology of pre-engraftment GNB in 1118 allogeneic HSCTs (allo-HSCTs) and 1625 autologous HSCTs (auto-HSCTs) among 54 transplant centers during 2014 (SIGNB-GITMO-AMCLI study). Using logistic regression methods. we identified risk factors for GNB and evaluated the impact of GNB on the 4-month overall-survival after transplant...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017829/etiology-of-community-onset-monomicrobial-bacteremic-pneumonia-and-its-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-klebsiella-and-pseudomonas-matters
#14
Chao-Yung Yang, Chung-Hsun Lee, Chih-Chia Hsieh, Wen-Chien Ko, Ching-Chi Lee
To describe the difference of the clinical features, bacteremia severity, and outcome of patient with community-onset bacteremic pneumonia between Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, and other causative microorganisms, the total 278 adults with community-onset monomicrobial bacteremic pneumonia were studied in a retrospective cohort. Klebsiella (61 patients, 21.9%) and Pseudomonas (22, 7.9%) species was the leading and the fifth common pathogen, respectively. More patients having initial presentation with critical illness (a Pitt bacteremia score ≥ 4) and a fatal comorbidity (McCabe classification) as well as a higher short- (30-day) or long-term (90-day) mortality rate was evidenced in patients infected with Klebsiella or Pseudomonas species, compared to other causative microorganisms...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992111/refractory-pseudomonas-bacteremia-in-a-2-year-old-sterilized-by-bacteriophage-therapy
#15
C Duplessis, B Biswas, B Hanisch, M Perkins, M Henry, J Quinones, D Wolfe, L Estrella, T Hamilton
Here, we report a complex case that involved a pediatric patient who experienced recalcitrant multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection complicated by bacteremia/sepsis; our antibacterial options were limited because of resistance, allergies, and suboptimal source control. A cocktail of 2 bacteriophages targeting the infectious organism introduced on 2 separate occasions sterilized the bacteremia.
July 22, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991317/-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-bacteremia-on-pediatric-patients-with-burns-in-a-specialized-care-center-in-mexico
#16
Teresa de J Chávez-Velarde, Juan C Lona-Reyes, Alejandra Riebeling-Dueñas, Luis G Orozco-Alatorre
BACKGROUND: Bacteremia events are frequent cause of mortality in burn patients and may originate from infected wounds, by bacterial translocation of endogenous microorganisms, from invasive devices or contaminated intravenous solutions. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incidence of bacteremia in pediatric patients with burns and to identify risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in pediatric patients with burns of Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966485/evaluation-of-different-phenotypic-tests-for-detection-of-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-imipenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Rohit Sachdeva, Babita Sharma, Rajni Sharma
PURPOSE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes a wide spectrum of infections including bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, etc., Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing P. aeruginosa is an emerging threat and cause of concern as they have emerged as one of the most feared resistance mechanisms. This study was designed to know the prevalence of MBL production in P. aeruginosa and to evaluate the four phenotypic tests for detection of MBL production in imipenem-resistant clinical isolates of P...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879405/infection-control-interventions-affected-by-resource-shortages-impact-on-the-incidence-of-bacteremias-caused-by-carbapenem-resistant-pathogens
#18
E Kousouli, O Zarkotou, L Politi, K Polimeri, G Vrioni, K Themeli-Digalaki, A Tsakris, S Pournaras
We evaluated an infection control (IC) program influenced by personnel and material resource shortages on the incidence of bloodstream infections (BSI) due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) in an endemic region. Between January 2010 and December 2015, all BSI episodes caused by CRKP, CRAB, and CRPA were recorded. An IC bundle was implemented in January 2012. We evaluated the effect of the interventions on BSI rates between the pre-intervention (2010-2011) and intervention (2012-2013) periods, using an interrupted time-series model...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860262/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strains-isolated-from-children-with-bacteremia
#19
Luis F Espinosa-Camacho, Gabriela Delgado, Guadalupe Miranda-Novales, Gloria Soberón-Chávez, Luis D Alcaraz, Rosario Morales-Espinosa
Two Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from children with bacteremia in Mexico City were sequenced using PacBio RS-II single-molecule real-time (SMRT) technology. The strains consist of a 7.0- to 7.4-Mb chromosome, with a high content of mobile elements, and variation in the genetic content of class 1 integron In1409.
August 31, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852678/the-risk-of-cardiac-device-related-infection-in-bacteremic-patients-is-species-specific-results-of-a-12-year-prospective-cohort
#20
Stacey A Maskarinec, Joshua T Thaden, Derek D Cyr, Felicia Ruffin, Maria Souli, Vance G Fowler
BACKGROUND: The species-specific risk of cardiac device-related infection (CDRI) among bacteremic patients is incompletely understood. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of hospitalized patients from October 2002 to December 2014 with a cardiac device (CD) and either Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) or Gram-negative bacteremia (GNB). Cardiac devices were defined as either prosthetic heart valves (PHVs), including valvular support rings, permanent pacemakers (PPMs)/automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillators (AICDs), or left ventricular assist devices (LVADs)...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
92043
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"