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Manual physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550489/impedance-ph-monitoring-for-diagnosis-of-reflux-disease-new-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Marzio Frazzoni, Nicola de Bortoli, Leonardo Frazzoni, Salvatore Tolone, Vincenzo Savarino, Edoardo Savarino
Heartburn is the most specific symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In clinical practice, heartburn relief by a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) trial does suffice to confirm GERD. However, an objective diagnosis of GERD is required before anti-reflux endoscopic or surgical interventions, independently from PPI response. Thus, since normal findings at upper endoscopy are detected in the majority of patients with heartburn, reflux monitoring is often required. When traditional catheter-based or wireless pH tests are used, reflux episodes are conventionally identified by pH drops below 4...
May 26, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535547/the-effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-for-relieving-pain-stiffness-and-dysfunction-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Qinguang Xu, Bei Chen, Yueyi Wang, Xuezong Wang, Dapeng Han, Daofang Ding, Yuxin Zheng, Yuelong Cao, Hongsheng Zhan, Yao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common form of arthritis, leading to pain disability in seniors and increased health care utilization. Manual therapy is one widely used physical treatment for KOA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) of manual therapy compared to other treatments for relieving pain, stiffness, and physical dysfunction in patients with KOA. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of manual therapy for KOA...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#3
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524027/-effect-of-chest-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Hui Zeng, Zhen Zhang, Yuan Gong, Miao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chest physiotherapy (CPT) on patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Sixty-eight adult patients undergoing invasive MV over 48 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from December 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into CPT group (n = 37) and control group (n = 31) by random number table...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511263/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-functional-psychogenic-parkinsonism
#5
Kathrin LaFaver, Alberto J Espay
Functional (psychogenic) parkinsonism (FP) is recognized by the mandatory combination of marked slowness without progressive decrement on repetitive manual tasks and variable resistance against passive movements in the absence of cogwheel rigidity. Other functional phenotypes, such as functional tremor and functional gait impairment, may coexist. Although neither necessary nor sufficient for the diagnosis of FP, supportive historical clues include the sudden onset of symptoms and absent or nonphysiologic response to levodopa...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490916/the-cannabis-withdrawal-syndrome-current-insights
#6
REVIEW
Udo Bonnet, Ulrich W Preuss
The cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS) is a criterion of cannabis use disorders (CUDs) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition) and cannabis dependence (International Classification of Diseases [ICD]-10). Several lines of evidence from animal and human studies indicate that cessation from long-term and regular cannabis use precipitates a specific withdrawal syndrome with mainly mood and behavioral symptoms of light to moderate intensity, which can usually be treated in an outpatient setting...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483657/immediate-effects-of-mirror-therapy-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-decreased-range-of-motion
#7
Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Dave Reese, Paula Parker, Terra Miller, Paul Mintken
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a brief single component of the graded motor imagery (GMI) sequence (mirror therapy) on active range of motion (AROM), pain, fear-avoidance and pain catastrophization in patients with shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-blind case series SETTING: Three outpatient physical therapy clinics PARTICIPANTS: Patients with shoulder pain and limited AROM. INTERVENTIONS: Patients moved their unaffected shoulder through comfortable AROM in front of a mirror so that it appeared that they were moving their affected shoulder...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465824/manual-therapy-compared-with-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Ruud Groeneweg, Luite van Assen, Hans Kropman, Huco Leopold, Jan Mulder, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Rob A B Oostendorp, Maurits W van Tulder
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy according to the School of Manual Therapy Utrecht (MTU) is a specific type of passive manual joint mobilization. MTU has not yet been systematically compared to other manual therapies and physical therapy. In this study the effectiveness of MTU is compared to physical therapy, particularly active exercise therapy (PT) in patients with non-specific neck pain. METHODS: Patients neck pain, aged between 18-70 years, were included in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial with a one-year follow-up...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460597/boosting-the-traditional-physiotherapist-approach-for-stroke-spasticity-using-a-sensorized-ankle-foot-orthosis-a-pilot-study
#9
Federica Tamburella, Juan C Moreno, Marco Iosa, Iolanda Pisotta, Febo Cincotti, Donatella Mattia, José L Pons, Marco Molinari
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a motor disorder that is commonly treated manually by a physical therapist (PhT) stretching the muscles. Recent data on learning have demonstrated the importance of human-to-human interaction in improving rehabilitation: cooperative motor behavior engages specific areas of the motor system compared with execution of a task alone. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that PhT-guided therapy that involves active collaboration with the patient (Pt) through shared biomechanical visual biofeedback (vBFB) positively impacts learning and performance by the Pt during ankle spasticity treatment...
May 1, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459190/placebo-mechanisms-of-manual-therapy-a-sheep-in-wolf-s-clothing
#10
Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Charles W Penza
When a physical therapist provides a manual therapy (MT) intervention for a patient presenting with pain and the patient experiences a positive clinical outcome, we cannot answer as to why this occurs. Would we continue to devote valuable time and financial resources to learning and improving our skills in providing MT interventions if the related clinical outcomes were placebo responses? In this Viewpoint, the authors conceptualize placebo as an active and important mechanism of MT and argue that placebo mechanisms deserve consideration as an important component of the treatment effect...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451796/-psychosocial-interventions-in-inpatient-care-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-universal-and-selective-prevention-on-mental-health
#11
REVIEW
S Richter, J M Glöckner, B Blättner
BACKGROUND: There are no sufficient findings from synthesized evidence for the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve mental health in inpatient care. METHODS: A systematic literature search in the databases of MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO was carried out, as well as a manual search in Google Scholar and reference lists. Studies which focused on physical or individual activities or therapy or other groups and settings were excluded...
April 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#12
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422845/response-to-benzodiazepines-and-the-clinical-course-in-malignant-catatonia-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#15
Kazutaka Ohi, Aki Kuwata, Takamitsu Shimada, Toshiki Yasuyama, Yusuke Nitta, Takashi Uehara, Yasuhiro Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Malignant catatonia (MC) is a disorder consisting of catatonic symptoms, hyperthermia, autonomic instability, and altered mental status. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) caused by antipsychotics is considered a variant of MC. Benzodiazepine (BZD) medications are safe and effective treatments providing rapid relief from MC. This case study reports a detailed clinical course of a case of MC associated with schizophrenia initially diagnosed as NMS that responded successfully to BZDs but not to dantrolene...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384682/interactive-voice-response-based-self-management-for-chronic-back-pain-the-copes-noninferiority-randomized-trial
#16
Alicia A Heapy, Diana M Higgins, Joseph L Goulet, Kathryn M LaChappelle, Mary A Driscoll, Rebecca A Czlapinski, Eugenia Buta, John D Piette, Sarah L Krein, Robert D Kerns
Importance: Recommendations for chronic pain treatment emphasize multimodal approaches, including nonpharmacologic interventions to enhance self-management. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment that facilitates management of chronic pain and improves outcomes, but access barriers persist. Cognitive behavioral therapy delivery assisted by health technology can obviate the need for in-person visits, but the effectiveness of this alternative to standard therapy is unknown...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#17
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374728/-characteristic-of-the-normal-values-of-the-pain-threshold-values-in-the-dorsal-region-of-the-young-women-obtained-by-the-pressure-algometry-method-under-different-condition
#18
P V Kondrashkin, D Z Shibkova, E I Tolstykh
The application of modern techniques for different types of massage and manual therapy is associated with the exposure of the paravetrebral points. The knowledge of pain threshold values at these points is of great practical significance. AIM: The objective of the present study was to obtain the statistical characteristics of the individual pressure pain threshold (PPT) for the healthy women and patients presenting with minor disturbances of spinal motion segments (SMS) at the trigger points on the back...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373971/the-influence-of-an-orthopedic-manual-therapy-residency-program-on-improved-knowledge-psychomotor-skills-and-clinical-reasoning-in-nairobi-kenya
#19
Shala Cunningham, Joni McFelea
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of a post-graduate orthopedic manual therapy residency program in Kenya on the development of physical therapists' (PTs) knowledge and clinical reasoning related to the performance of a musculoskeletal examination and evaluation as compared to an experience-matched control group of PTs waiting to enter the program. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was utilized in which 12 graduating residents and 10 PTs entering the residency program completed a live-patient practical examination to assess the knowledge, clinical reasoning, and psychomotor skills related to the examination and evaluation of musculoskeletal conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363763/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-modalities-in-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia
#20
REVIEW
Mélanie Morin, Marie-Soleil Carroll, Sophie Bergeron
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle physical therapy is recommended in clinical guidelines for women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Including isolated or combined treatment modalities, physical therapy is viewed as an effective first-line intervention, yet no systematic review concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy has been conducted. AIM: To systematically appraise the current literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities for decreasing pain during intercourse and improving sexual function in women with PVD...
March 28, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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