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Manual physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234567/nerve-entrapment-in-the-hip-region-current-concepts-review
#1
RobRoy Martin, Hal David Martin, Benjamin R Kivlan
The purpose of this clinical commentary is to review the anatomy, etiology, evaluation, and treatment techniques for nerve entrapments of the hip region. Nerve entrapment can occur around musculotendinous, osseous, and ligamentous structures because of the potential for increased strain and compression on the peripheral nerve at those sites. The sequela of localized trauma may also result in nerve entrapment if normal nerve gliding is prevented. Nerve entrapment can be difficult to diagnose because patient complaints may be similar to and coexist with other musculoskeletal conditions in the hip and pelvic region...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#2
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204011/effect-of-scapular-stabilization-exercise-during-standing-on-upper-limb-function-and-gait-ability-of-stroke-patients
#3
J O Kim, J Lee, B H Lee
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of scapular stabilization exercise during standing on a paretic side on upper limb function and gait ability of stroke patients. Methods: This study was a hospital-based, randomized controlled trial with a blinded assessor. A total of 17 patients with hemiplegic diagnosis after stroke were divided into two groups (9 patients in a study group and 8 patients in a control group). The study group received physical therapy and scapular stabilization exercise on a paretic side...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202668/quality-of-life-and-care-needs-in-women-with-estrogen-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#4
Gitte Lee Mortensen, Ivan Bredbjerg Madsen, Randi Krogsgaard, Bent Ejlertsen
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the prognosis of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has improved with more effective therapies applicable to a wider range of patients. To many patients, a MBC diagnosis thus initiates a prolonged course of illness and treatment. This qualitative study aimed to explore the long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and support needs in MBC patients of all ages in the Danish context. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen MBC patients participated in five qualitative focus group interviews that were analyzed using content analysis and a constructivist approach...
December 5, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188883/dietary-approach-to-stop-hypertension-with-sodium-reduction-for-chinese-canadians-dashna-cc-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
P Zou, C-L Dennis, R Lee, M Parry
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of culturally sensitive dietary interventions targeting Chinese Canadians despite unhealthy dietary behaviours being identified as the most important modifiable risk factor for hypertension in the Chinese population. AIMS: To determine the feasibility of a culturally sensitive dietary intervention for hypertension control; to examine the potential effects of the intervention on blood pressure and health-related quality of life among Chinese Canadians in community...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184791/comprehensive-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-program-for-men-with-idiopathic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#6
Thomas A Masterson, John M Masterson, Jessica Azzinaro, Lattoya Manderson, Sanjaya Swain, Ranjith Ramasamy
Background: Male chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a heterogeneous constellation of symptoms that causes significant impairment and is often challenging to treat. In this prospective study, we evaluated men with CPPS who underwent comprehensive pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) program. We used the previously validated Genitourinary Pain Index (GUPI) to measure outcomes. Methods: We included 14 men who underwent physical therapy for idiopathic CPPS from October 2015 to October 2016...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181262/exercise-manual-therapy-and-postural-re-education-for-uncontrolled-ear-twitching-and-related-impairments-after-whiplash-injury-a-case-report
#7
Kelsey Flanders, Heather Feldner
Background and Purpose: Whiplash Associated Disorders and the interventions used to remediate them are well documented in physical therapy literature. However, specific interventions for spasms of the neck musculature that also involve constant ear twitching have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this case report is twofold. First, to describe comprehensive physical therapy management and outcomes for a subject with uncontrolled ear twitching and related musculoskeletal impairments, and second, to discuss the physical therapist's approach to evidence-based care when faced with a paucity of literature addressing physical therapy interventions for subjects with uncontrolled ear twitching...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167092/dry-needling-for-patients-with-neck-pain-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Eric Robert Gattie, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a costly and common problem. Current treatments are not adequately effective for a large proportion of patients who continue to experience recurrent pain. Therefore, new treatment strategies should be investigated in an attempt to reduce the disability and high costs associated with neck pain. Dry needling is a technique in which a fine needle is used to penetrate the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and muscle with the intent to mechanically disrupt tissue without the use of an anesthetic...
November 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#9
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#10
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135277/somato-visceral-effects-in-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-neuromuscular-manual-therapy-and-standard-pharmacological-treatment
#11
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Loris Prosperi, Raoul Saggini
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify whether neuromuscular therapy (NMT) or pharmacology therapy (PT) is more effective for reducing symptoms in women affected by primary dysmenorrhea and the effects associated with each treatment. DESIGN: A controlled, randomized, single-blind clinical trial within the framework of the chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119963/-what-physiotherapeutic-method-for-the-treatment-of-post-mastectomy-lymphedema-is-the-most-effective
#12
T I Grushina
We have undertaken the search for the publications of interest in the following databases: Scopus, Web of Science, MedLine, The Cochrane Library, CyberLeninka, and Russian science citation index. In addition, we evaluated the effectiveness of the physical agents and procedures having different mechanisms of action of the known factors responsible for the development of post-mastectomy lymphedema. Such agents and procedures include self-massage, manual lymphatic drainage, therapeutic physical exercises, compression bandaging, wearing elastic compression garments, Kinesio Tex taping, pneumatic compression, ultrasonic, electrostatic, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, electrical muscle stimulation, microcurrent and low-intensity laser therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107040/longitudinal-recovery-and-reduced-costs-after-120-sessions-of-locomotor-training-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Sarah A Morrison, Douglas Lorenz, Carol P Eskay, Gail F Forrest, D Michele Basso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of long term, body weight supported locomotor training (BWSLT) after chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Also, health care costs were estimated related to lost recovery potential and preventable secondary complications that may have occurred due to visit limits imposed by insurers. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort with longitudinal follow up. SETTING: Eight outpatient rehabilitation centers that participate in the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation NeuroRecovery Network® (NRN)...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075344/efficacy-of-cerebrolysin-in-the-reduction-of-spasticity-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#14
R M Martinez
AIM: This study assessed the efficacy of Cerebrolysin on post-stroke spasticity, motor recovery, and global functions in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. METHODS: In this retrospective comparison study, Cerebrolysin was administered at a daily dosage of 10 ml for over 30 days as an intramuscular injection. Control patients did not receive Cerebrolysin. All the patients participated in a standardized physical and occupational rehabilitation therapy for one month at least two times per week...
July 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#15
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946540/effectiveness-of-kinesio-taping-in-addition-to-conventional-rehabilitation-treatment-on-pain-cervical-range-of-motion-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
María Carmen Puerma-Castillo, María Carmen García-Ríos, Marta Eloisa Pérez-Gómez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Kinesio taping (KT) is a new taping modality frequently used in the clinical setting. However there is contradictory evidence about its effectiveness in patients with neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of KT as a supplementary treatment in addition to conventional rehabilitation in patients with neck pain. METHODS: Forty-five subjects with neck pain were included in this controlled trial and were assigned to the following groups: Kinesio Taping, placebo (P), and conventional rehabilitation control (CR)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946513/professional-football-players-at-risk-for-non-acute-groin-injuries-during-the-first-half-of-the-season-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#17
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ersot Veenstra, Simon Goedegebuure, Monique Frings-Dresen, Paul Kuijer
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence, diagnostics, treatment, anatomical region and return to play of non-acute groin injuries among professional footballers in the Netherlands. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Medical staff members of all Dutch professional football clubs, recording prospectively injury occurrence of all professional footballers in their clubs, were asked to fill in an injury form about time-loss (⩾ 8 days) non-acute groin injury over the 2012-2013 season...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943804/treatment-in-the-home-setting-with-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-a-woman-with-chronic-leg-ulcers-a-case-report
#18
Katrina Young, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) is shown to improve the healing rate of Venous Leg Ulcers (VLU) in the hospital setting. The current Australian "Gold Standard" treatment according to the Australian and New Zealand Wound Management Associations' (AWMA) Prevention & Management of Venous Leg Ulcer guidelines is compression, generally in the form of bandaging then progressing to hosiery once wounds are healed to prevent recurrence. This is recommended in conjunction with other standards of wound management including; nutrition, exercise, client education and addressing underlying pathophysiology and psychosocial factors...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936414/the-health-benefits-and-constraints-of-exercise-therapy-for-wheelchair-users-a-clinical-commentary
#19
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariette Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 1 billion people living with chronic lower limb disability, many of whom are wheelchair users. OBJECTIVES: Review cardiometabolic and neuromuscular risk profiles of wheelchair users, benefits of regular exercise and the causes of neuromuscular upper limb and hip injuries that hinder regular adherence. METHOD: Literature published between 2013 and 2017 was adopted according to the standard practices for systematic reviews (PRISMA) through Crossref Metadata and Google Scholar searches...
2017: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934793/acupuncture-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-network-meta-analysis-of-33-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Xiuxia Li, Rong Wang, Xin Xing, Xiue Shi, Jinhui Tian, Jun Zhang, Long Ge, Jingyun Zhang, Lun Li, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture techniques are commonly used as initial treatments for myofascial pain syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the efficacy and safety of different techniques of acupuncture for myofascial pain syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. SETTING: All selected studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched from their inceptions to February 2016...
September 2017: Pain Physician
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