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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233784/altered-natural-killer-cell-cytokine-profile-in-type-2-autoimmune-hepatitis
#1
Dalila Mele, Grazia Bossi, Giuseppe Maggiore, Barbara Oliviero, Stefania Mantovani, Beatrice Bonelli, Mario U Mondelli, Stefania Varchetta
Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH-2) is a rare disease presenting in early childhood. The immunopathogenetic mechanisms are poorly characterized, although a defect of regulatory T cells (Treg) has been shown. There is virtually no information on innate immune responses and natural killer (NK) cells in particular. We have performed an extended immunophenotypic and functional analysis of NK cells in children with AIH-2. We show that NK cell frequency is reduced in this setting and that the balance between NK activating and inhibitory receptors is skewed toward activation...
December 9, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197526/pathway-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-mycobacterium-bovis-challenged-bovine-macrophages
#2
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Shubhra Shukla, Anuj Chauhan, Sarvjeet, Rehan Khan, Anuj Ahuja, Lakshya Veer Singh, Nitin M Kamble, Anupam Dhasmana, Naveen Sharma, Bipin Chand, Ajay Vir Singh, Manjit Panigrahi
The immune signalling genes during challenge of bovine macrophages with bacterial products derived from disease causing bacteria in cattle were investigated. An in-vitro cell culture model were challenged to Mycobacterium bovis of bovine monocyte derived macrophages. Macrophages from healthy and already infected animals can both be fully activated during M. bovis infection. Analysis of mRNA abundance in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from M. bovis infected and non-infected cattle were performed as a controls...
November 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187357/iap-antagonists-enhance-cytokine-production-from-mouse-and-human-inkt-cells
#3
Eleanor Clancy-Thompson, Lestat Ali, Patrick T Bruck, Mark A Exley, Richard S Blumberg, Glenn Dranoff, Michael Dougan, Stephanie K Dougan
Inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) antagonists are in clinical trials for a variety of cancers, and mouse models show synergism between IAP antagonists and anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. Although IAP antagonists affect the intrinsic signaling of tumor cells, their most pronounced effects are on immune cells and the generation of antitumor immunity. Here we examined the effects of IAP antagonism on T-cell development using mouse fetal thymic organ culture and observed a selective loss of iNKT cells, an effector cell type of potential importance for cancer immunotherapy...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180213/cross-talk-between-tgf-beta-and-tnf-alfa-in-regression-of-myointimal-hyperplasia
#4
Antonio V Sterpetti, Valeria Borrelli, Alessandra Cucina, Marco Ventura
BACKGROUND: The phenomena involved in regression of arterial myointimal hyperplasia have not been analyzed in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 24 Lewis rats, a 1-cm-long venous graft, obtained from syngenic Lewis rats, was implanted in the infrarenal aorta. After 4 wk, the grafts were removed and analyzed using scanning electron microscopy and histochemistry. The grafts showed evidence of myointimal hyperplasia; 16 of these explanted grafts were reimplanted in the vein circulation of syngenic Lewis rats...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145441/distinct-t-and-nk-cell-populations-may-serve-as-immune-correlates-of-protection-against-symptomatic-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-virus-infection-during-pregnancy
#5
Miloje Savic, Jennifer L Dembinski, Ida Laake, Olav Hungnes, Rebecca Cox, Fredrik Oftung, Lill Trogstad, Siri Mjaaland
Maternal influenza infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. However, the link between the anti-influenza immune responses and health-related risks during infection is not well understood. We have analyzed memory T and NK cell mediated immunity (CMI) responses in pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 (pdm09) virus infected non-vaccinated pregnant women participating in the Norwegian Influenza Pregnancy Cohort (NorFlu). The cohort includes information on immunization, self-reported health and disease status, and biological samples (plasma and PBMC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128554/immunomodulatory-effects-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#6
Elena Marinelli Busilacchi, Andrea Costantini, Nadia Viola, Benedetta Costantini, Jacopo Olivieri, Luca Butini, Giorgia Mancini, Ilaria Scortechini, Martina Chiarucci, Monica Poiani, Antonella Poloni, Pietro Leoni, Attilio Olivieri
Pathogenesis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is incompletely defined, involving donor-derived CD4 and CD8-positive T lymphocytes as well as B cells. Standard treatment is lacking for steroid-dependent/refractory cases; therefore, the potential usefulness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has been suggested, based on their potent antifibrotic effect. However, TKIs seem to have pleiotropic activity. We sought to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo impact of different TKIs on lymphocyte phenotype and function...
November 8, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057517/the-indane-diastereoisomers-ph2-and-ph5-divergence-between-their-effects-in-delayed-type-hypersensitivity-models-and-a-model-of-colitis
#7
Neil H Frankish, Brendan McHale, Helen Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: Compounds PH2 and PH5 are distereoisomers of novel indane compounds, synthesised as analogues of secondary metabolites of the fern, Onychium. In this study, we compare their effects on a variety of inflammatory models. METHODS: In an effort to extend our knowledge of their anti-inflammatory profile, we have investigated their activity in two models of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH); the methylated bovine serum albumin model (mBSA) and the oxazolone contact hypersensitivity (CHS) model, on IL2 release from Jurkat cells and in the dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) murine model of inflammatory bowel disease...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056249/nephrutix-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-vs-rituximab-controlled-trial-assessing-t-cell-subset-changes-in-minimal-change-nephrotic-syndrome
#8
Ahmed Boumediene, Pauline Vachin, Kelhia Sendeyo, Julie Oniszczuk, Shao-Yu Zhang, Carole Henique-Greciet, Andre Pawlak, Vincent Audard, Mario Ollero, Vincent Guigonis, Djillali Sahali
Minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is an immune-mediated glomerular disease. We have analyzed the modifications on T-cell subsets in twenty-three patients who were highly steroid/calcineurin inhibitor and/or mycophenolate mofetil-dependent for frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) and who were enrolled in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo vs Rituximab-controlled trial. Patients with FRNS entered the trial at remission and were randomly assigned to receive either Rituximab or placebo...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050075/-specific-cytotoxicity-of-a-novel-her2-based-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-lymphocytes-against-her2-positive-tumor-cells
#9
H J Tang, Y Q Liu, X C Bian, H L Feng, B Gu, H Sun, C X Zuo, F Y Zhou, J Liu
Objective: To construct the third generation chimeric antigen receptor based on a novel humanized anti-HER2 H1-2 scFv, and to investigate the specific cytotoxicity of H1-2 CAR modified T lymphocytes(CAR-T) against HER2(+) tumor cells. Method: The expression cassette of the third generation CAR gene and anti-HER2 H1-2 scFv were constructed and cloned into lentivirus transfer plasmid, and then the third generation H1-2 CAR was transduced into human T lymphocytes using lentivirus.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression of cytokines IL2, and LDH release assay was used to detect the cytotoxic effect of the H1-2 CAR-T...
October 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039977/chronic-disruptions-of-circadian-sleep-regulation-induce-specific-proinflammatory-responses-in-the-rat-colon
#10
Lenka Polidarová, Pavel Houdek, Alena Sumová
Exposure to environmental conditions that disturb the daily rhythms has been shown to enhance the proinflammatory responses of immunostimulant-challenged immune system. However, it is not known whether circadian disturbances may stimulate unchallenged immune responses and thus contribute per se to the development of inflammation-related diseases. Our aim was to ascertain an effect of various conditions threatening the behavioral activity/rest cycle regulation, namely aging with or without melatonin, 6 h advance/delay phase shifts in the light/dark cycle repeated with a 2-day frequency and constant light, on expression of immune markers in the rat colon...
October 17, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037051/t-regulatory-cell-induced-foxp3-binds-the-il2-ifn%C3%AE-and-tnf%C3%AE-promoters-in-virus-specific-cd8-t-cells-from-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-cats
#11
Yan Wang, Mukta Nag, Joanne L Tuohy, Kristina De Paris, Jonathan E Fogle
Polyfunctional CD8(+) T cells play a critical role in controlling viremia during AIDS lentiviral infections. However, for most HIV-infected individuals, virus-specific CD8(+) T cells exhibit loss of polyfunctionality, including loss of IL2, TNFα, and IFNγ. Using the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) model for AIDS lentiviral persistence, our laboratory has demonstrated that FIV-activated Treg cells target CD8(+) T cells, leading to a reduction in IL2 and IFNγ production. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that Treg cells induce expression of the repressive transcription factor, Foxp3, in CD8(+) T cells...
November 17, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035462/cpg-odn-stimulation-in-population-screening-monoclonal-b-cell-lymphocytosis
#12
Helena Podgornik, Petra Bajuk, Tadej Furlan, Hermina Cibej, Ana D Kebe, Peter Cernelc
BACKGROUND: Synthetic CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) induce proliferation in normal and malignant lymphocytes B (LyB). This effect is widely exploited in CLL conventional chromosome banding analysis (CBA), which has become reliable only after the cultivation of CLL LyB using CpG-ODN stimulation in combination with IL-2. Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) differs from CLL mainly in clone size. Only cytogenetic data on recurrent chromosomal aberrations analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are available for population screening MBL (sMBL)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023488/transgenic-expression-of-human-cytokines-in-immunodeficient-mice-does-not-facilitate-myeloid-expansion-of-bcr-abl1-transduced-human-cord-blood-cells
#13
Maria Askmyr, Sofia von Palffy, Nils Hansen, Niklas Landberg, Carl Högberg, Marianne Rissler, Helena Ågerstam, Thoas Fioretos
Several attempts have been made to model chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in a xenograft setting but expansion of human myeloid cells in immunodeficient mice has proven difficult to achieve. Lack of cross-reacting cytokines in the microenvironment of the mice has been proposed as a potential reason. In this study we have used NOD/SCID IL2-receptor gamma deficient mice expressing human SCF, IL-3 and GM-CSF (NSGS mice), that should be superior in supporting human, and particularly, myeloid cell engraftment, to expand BCR-ABL1 expressing human cells in order to model CML...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956210/identification-of-drought-responsive-micrornas-in-tomato-using-high-throughput-sequencing
#14
Minmin Liu, Huiyang Yu, Gangjun Zhao, Qiufeng Huang, Yongen Lu, Bo Ouyang
Drought is a major abiotic stress affecting crop productivity and quality. As a class of noncoding RNA, microRNA (miRNA) plays important roles in plant growth, development, and stress response. However, their response and roles in tomato drought stress is largely unknown. Here, by using high-throughput sequencing, we compared the miRNA profiles before and after drought treatment in two tomato genotypes: M82, a drought-sensitive cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), and IL2-5, a drought-tolerant introgression line derived from M82 and the tomato wild species S...
September 28, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951527/ethanol-stimulates-locomotion-via-a-g%C3%AE-s-signaling-pathway-in-il2-neurons-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
James R Johnson, Mark R Edwards, Huw Davies, Daniel Newman, Whitney Holden, Rosalind E Jenkins, Robert D Burgoyne, Robert J Lucas, Jeff W Barclay
Alcohol is a potent pharmacological agent when consumed acutely at sufficient quantities and repeated overuse can lead to addiction and deleterious effects on health. Alcohol is thought to modulate neuronal function through low-affinity interactions with proteins, in particular with membrane channels and receptors. Paradoxically, alcohol acts as both a stimulant and a sedative. The exact molecular mechanisms for the acute effects of ethanol on neurons, as either a stimulant or a sedative, however remain unclear...
November 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916655/tethering-il2-to-its-receptor-il2r%C3%AE-enhances-antitumor-activity-and-expansion-of-natural-killer-nk92-cells
#16
Youssef Jounaidi, Joseph F Cotten, Keith W Miller, Stuart A Forman
IL2 is an immunostimulatory cytokine for key immune cells including T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Systemic IL2 supplementation could enhance NK-mediated immunity in a variety of diseases ranging from neoplasms to viral infection. However, its systemic use is restricted by its serious side effects and limited efficacy due to activation of T regulatory cells (Tregs). IL2 signaling is mediated through interactions with a multi-subunit receptor complex containing IL2Rα, IL2Rβ, and IL2Rγ. Adult natural killer (NK) cells express only IL2Rβ and IL2Rγ subunits and are therefore relatively insensitive to IL2...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912468/cytokine-based-predictive-models-to-estimate-the-probability-of-chronic-periodontitis-development-of-diagnostic-nomograms
#17
I Tomás, N Arias-Bujanda, M Alonso-Sampedro, M A Casares-de-Cal, C Sánchez-Sellero, D Suárez-Quintanilla, C Balsa-Castro
Although a distinct cytokine profile has been described in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients with chronic periodontitis, there is no evidence of GCF cytokine-based predictive models being used to diagnose the disease. Our objectives were: to obtain GCF cytokine-based predictive models; and develop nomograms derived from them. A sample of 150 participants was recruited: 75 periodontally healthy controls and 75 subjects affected by chronic periodontitis. Sixteen mediators were measured in GCF using the Luminex 100™ instrument: GMCSF, IFNgamma, IL1alpha, IL1beta, IL2, IL3, IL4, IL5, IL6, IL10, IL12p40, IL12p70, IL13, IL17A, IL17F and TNFalpha...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899730/a-green-tea-polyphenol-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-enhances-neuroregeneration-after-spinal-cord-injury-by-altering-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines
#18
Lucia Machova Urdzikova, Jiri Ruzicka, Kristyna Karova, Anna Kloudova, Barbora Svobodova, Anubhav Amin, Jana Dubisova, Meic Schmidt, Sarka Kubinova, Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Pavla Jendelova
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition which is characterized by an extended secondary injury due to the presence of inflammatory local milieu. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) appears to possess strong neuroprotective properties. Here, we evaluated the beneficial effect of EGCG on recovery from SCI. Male Wistar rats were given either EGCG or saline directly to the injured spinal cord and thereafter a daily IP injection. Behavior recovery was monitored by BBB, plantar, rotarod and flat-beam tests...
September 9, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892206/il-33-and-ige-stimulate-mast-cell-production-of-il-2-and-regulatory-t-cell-expansion-in-allergic-dermatitis
#19
P Salamon, I Shefler, I Moshkovits, A Munitz, D Horwitz Klotzman, Y A Mekori, A Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that mast cells (MCs) suppress chronic allergic dermatitis in mice. The underlying mechanism involves MC-derived IL-2, which supports regulatory T cell (Treg) response at the site of inflammation. However, it is not clear what are the factors that drive MCs to produce IL-2. OBJECTIVE: To understand the mechanisms that lead to IL-2 production from MCs in chronic allergic dermatitis. METHODS: Isolated murine bone marrow-derived MCs (BMMCs) were incubated with various stimulators, and IL-2 production was assessed by RT-PCR and ELISA...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878331/the-immunosuppressive-effect-of-the-tick-protein-salp15-is-long-lasting-and-persists-in-a-murine-model-of-hematopoietic-transplant
#20
Julen Tomás-Cortázar, Itziar Martín-Ruiz, Diego Barriales, Miguel Ángel Pascual-Itoiz, Virginia Gutiérrez de Juan, Alfredo Caro-Maldonado, Nekane Merino, Alberto Marina, Francisco J Blanco, Juana María Flores, James D Sutherland, Rosa Barrio, Adriana Rojas, María Luz Martínez-Chantar, Arkaitz Carracedo, Carolina Simó, Virginia García-Cañas, Leticia Abecia, José Luis Lavín, Ana M Aransay, Héctor Rodríguez, Juan Anguita
Salp15, a salivary protein of Ixodes ticks, inhibits the activation of naïve CD4 T cells. Treatment with Salp15 results in the inhibition of early signaling events and the production of the autocrine growth factor, interleukin-2. The fate of the CD4 T cells activated in the presence of Salp15 or its long-term effects are, however, unknown. We now show that Salp15 binding to CD4 is persistent and induces a long-lasting immunomodulatory effect. The activity of Salp15 results in sustained diminished cross-antigenic antibody production even after interruption of the treatment with the protein...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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