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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028418/cancer-center-clinic-and-research-team-perceptions-of-identity-and-interactions
#1
Torsten Reimer, Simon J Craddock Lee, Sandra Garcia, Mary Gill, Tobi Duncan, Erin L Williams, David E Gerber
PURPOSE: Conduct of cancer clinical trials requires coordination and cooperation among research and clinic teams. Diffusion of and confusion about responsibility may occur if team members' perceptions of roles and objectives do not align. These factors are critical to the success of cancer centers but are poorly studied. METHODS: We developed a survey adapting components of the Adapted Team Climate Inventory, Measure of Team Identification, and Measure of In-Group Bias...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028141/mapping-trends-in-the-concept-of-nurse-rounding-a-bibliometric-analysis-and-research-agenda
#2
Marie Hutchinson, Mary Higson, Debra Jackson
AIMS: Examine the growth and diffusion of research on the concept of nurse rounding and provide definitional clarity on forms of nurse rounding. METHODS: Bibliometric and content analysis of primary research on nurse rounding were used to map development of the field. Manuscripts were identified from a keyword search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases for the period 2000 to 2015. Titles, country of origin, and year of publication along with details on the characteristics and sample of each study were coded on a database...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027502/development-and-validation-of-the-self-administered-falun-health-instrument-safhi-using-data-from-health-promoted-workplaces-in-sweden
#3
Otto-Patrik Frieberg, Eva Millqvist, Jan Nilsson, Ingrid From
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and to validate the self-administered Falun health instrument. An additional aim was to test its applicability in measuring people's lifestyles linked to health. METHODS: In 2002, an instrument was constructed containing questions regarding the hazardous use of alcohol, tobacco, unhealthy diets and insufficient physical activity. A pilot study using the instrument was assessed between 2002 and 2006. In Sweden, it was further expanded and tested during the years 2004-2014 among a total of 1295 people...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027064/light-scattering-measurements-in-electron-beam-sterilized-corneas-stored-in-recombinant-human-serum-albumin
#4
Khoa D Tran, Yan Li, Jeffrey D Holiman, Maolong Tang, David Huang, Michael D Straiko, Christopher G Stoeger
Irradiated corneal tissues have been used for a variety of ophthalmic procedures including glaucoma drainage device covers and lamellar grafts. The maintenance of corneal clarity is important, as light obstructions resulting from processing or long-term storage of irradiated corneas may negatively affect vision and postoperative cosmesis. It has been reported that corneal tissues can be preserved in human serum albumin (HSA), however, the clarity of corneas after long-term storage in HSA has not been well described...
October 12, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025490/defining-the-research-agenda-to-measure-and-reduce-tuberculosis-stigmas
#5
K Macintyre, M I Bakker, S Bergson, R Bhavaraju, V Bond, J Chikovore, C Colvin, G M Craig, A L Cremers, A Daftary, N Engel, N Ferris France, E Jaramillo, M Kimerling, A Kipp, S Krishnaratne, C Mergenthaler, M Ngicho, L Redwood, E J J Rood, N Sommerland, A Stangl, A van Rie, W van Brakel, E Wouters, A Zwerling, E M H Mitchell
Crucial to finding and treating the 4 million tuberculosis (TB) patients currently missed by national TB programmes, TB stigma is receiving well-deserved and long-delayed attention at the global level. However, the ability to measure and evaluate the success of TB stigma-reduction efforts is limited by the need for additional tools. At a 2016 TB stigma-measurement meeting held in The Hague, The Netherlands, stigma experts discussed and proposed a research agenda around four themes: 1) drivers: what are the main drivers and domains of TB stigma(s)?; 2) consequences: how consequential are TB stigmas and how are negative impacts most felt?; 3) burden: what is the global prevalence and distribution of TB stigma(s) and what explains any variation? 4): intervention: what can be done to reduce the extent and impact of TB stigma(s)? Each theme was further subdivided into research topics to be addressed to move the agenda forward...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025270/design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-decision-aid-to-promote-appropriate-screening-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Christine E Kistler, Carol Golin, Carolyn Morris, Alexandra F Dalton, Russell P Harris, Rowena Dolor, Renée M Ferrari, Noel T Brewer, Carmen L Lewis
BACKGROUND: Appropriate colorectal cancer screening in older adults should be aligned with the likelihood of net benefit. In general, patient decision aids improve knowledge and values clarity, but in older adults, they may also help patients identify their individual likelihood of benefit and foster individualized decision-making. We report on the design of a randomized clinical trial to understand the effects of a patient decision aid on appropriate colorectal cancer screening. This report includes a description of the baseline characteristics of participants...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024346/dementia-assessment-services-what-are-the-perceptions-of-older-people
#7
Ruth Walker, Julie Ratcliffe, Amy White, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine how older people with dementia and their family caregivers experience dementia assessment services and preferences for future configuration of diagnostic services. METHODS: Qualitative, semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with nine individuals with dementia. In seven instances, the caregiver also took part in the interview, and on two occasions, the interview was with the person with dementia only. RESULTS: An important contact during assessment of dementia was the general practitioner, in particular working in a way or timeframe which provides clarity and comfort to the person with dementia and their family members...
October 10, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023311/comparison-of-extended-depth-of-focus-prototype-contact-lenses-with-the-1-day-acuvue-moist-multifocal-after-one-week-of-wear
#8
Jennifer Sha, Daniel Tilia, Danny Kho, Jennie Diec, Varghese Thomas, Ravi C Bakaraju
OBJECTIVES: To compare visual performance of extended depth-of-focus (EDOF) prototypes with a new, center-near, commercial, multifocal contact lens. METHODS: Presbyopic participants (n=57) wore 1-Day ACUVUE MOIST MULTIFOCAL (1DAMM) and an EDOF prototype for one week in a double-masked, prospective, cross-over, randomized clinical trial. Manufacturers' guide was used to select the first pair of lens to be fit based on subjective distance refraction and near addition...
October 11, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023293/form-function-and-esthetics-in-prosthetically-rehabilitated-maxillary-defects
#9
Manish Mittal, Rohit Sharma, Ashish Kalra, Parvinder Sharma
PURPOSE: Patients with maxillofacial defects secondary to the removal of benign and malignant pathologies of midface have a profound impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to collect and analyze the data pertaining to 4 designs of obturator by assessment of the patient with obturator functioning scale (OFS) MATERIALS AND METHODS:: This retrospective analysis included all the patients who underwent prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillary defects using 4 different types (conventional, cast partial, hollow bulb, and magnet retained) of obturators from 2009 to 2016 with minimum 1 year of follow up...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023224/zebrafish-a-premier-vertebrate-model-for-biomedical-research-in-indian-scenario
#10
Sreeja Sarasamma, Muhammed Muhsin Varikkodan, Sung-Tzu Liang, Yen-Chang Lin, Wen-Pin Wang, Chung-Der Hsiao
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a versatile model organism that has been used in biomedical research for several decades to study a wide range of biological phenomena. There are many technical advantages of using zebrafish over other vertebrate models. They are readily available, hardy, easy, and inexpensive to maintain in the laboratory, have a short life cycle, and have excellent fecundity. Due to its optical clarity and reproducible capabilities, it has become one of the predominant models of human genetic diseases...
October 12, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020023/the-continuous-reaction-time-test-for-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-validated-by-a-randomized-controlled-multi-modal-intervention-a-pilot-study
#11
M M Lauridsen, S Mikkelsen, T Svensson, J Holm, C Klüver, J Gram, H Vilstrup, O B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell
BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is clinically undetectable and the diagnosis requires psychometric tests. However, a lack of clarity exists as to whether the tests are in fact able to detect changes in cognition. AIM: To examine if the continuous reaction time test (CRT) can detect changes in cognition with anti-HE intervention in patients with cirrhosis and without clinically manifest hepatic encephalopathy (HE). METHODS: Firstly, we conducted a reproducibility analysis and secondly measured change in CRT induced by anti-HE treatment in a randomized controlled pilot study: We stratified 44 patients with liver cirrhosis and without clinically manifest HE according to a normal (n = 22) or abnormal (n = 22) CRT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019799/to-see-the-suffering
#12
Rita Charon
The author notes the impressive growth in medical humanities programs, scholarly journals, textbooks, and national and international conferences as well as the convening of two recent national forums or boards addressing the potential of the humanities and the arts to improve medical practice. She also notes that the field of medical humanities seems to have shifted from addressing topics on the margins of medical education to equipping students with the foundational skills required for effective doctoring...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019305/how-can-academic-context-variables-contribute-to-the-personal-well-being-of-higher-education-students
#13
Célia Palma Figueira, Alexandra Marques-Pinto, Cicero Roberto Pereira, Magda Sofia Roberto
This study analyzed the influence of perceived time pressure, role clarity, working conditions and peer social support on the personal well-being (subjective, psychological and social well-being) of higher education students, in a sample of 128 Portuguese students from the University of Lisbon. A model was proposed which predicts a negative influence of time pressure and a positive influence of role clarity, working conditions and peer social support on students' personal well-being, throughout the academic year...
October 11, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016574/microvascular-free-flaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-reconstruction-following-cancer-ablation
#14
Santosh Kumar Yadav, Suraksha Shrestha
Microsurgical free flaps have become the first choice for reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial (OMF) defects after tumor resection. Till recently the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMC) was considered to be the benchmark for OMF reconstruction. This philosophy is changing fast with rapid advancement in reconstructive microsurgery. Years of innovation in reconstructive microsurgery has given us a reasonably good number of excellent flaps. Tremendous work has been put into producing some exceptionally brilliant research articles, sometimes contradicting each other...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016174/diverse-perspectives-are-welcome-reply-to-martin-2017
#15
Siddharth Chandra, Frederick T L Leong
Martin's (2017) comment on Chandra and Leong (2016) highlighted (a) lack of definitional clarity of the concept of adaptability, (b) conceptual generality of the model, and (c) incomplete citations of the literature on adaptability. In this reply, the authors contend that lack of definitional clarity of adaptability is symptomatic of the multitude of definitions of adaptability by psychologists of diverse persuasions. Conceptual generality of the diversified portfolio model (DPM) stems from the choice of a broad definition of adaptability, which extends beyond the narrower definitions provided by scholars including Martin, as well as the capability of the model to mesh with this broad definition...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016173/adaptability-what-it-is-and-what-it-is-not-comment-on-chandra-and-leong-2016
#16
Andrew J Martin
Chandra and Leong (2016) propose a new model of adaptability: the diversified portfolio model (DPM) of adaptability. Further thought and research on adaptability is a welcome addition to the limited body of work conducted on this topic to date. However, in their discussion there is a lack of definitional clarity, and there is frequent conflation of adaptability and resilience. It is also the case that the hypothesized adaptability model is general and could apply to many psychological constructs and processes (not just adaptability)...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993720/visions-of-the-life-course-risks-resources-and-vulnerability
#17
Kenneth F Ferraro, Markus H Schafer
Life course studies have ushered in unprecedented scientific interest not only in specific periods of human lives but also in the long-term processes associated with growing older. Studies that link periods of the life course have identified important sources of continuity and discontinuity and highlighted the antecedents of misfortune. Theories and conceptual frameworks have emerged to help scholars splice pieces of the life course together, but the need for conceptual clarity remains. Concepts such as vulnerability and disadvantage are important but used in many different ways by researchers...
2017: Research in Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992818/a-model-on-the-contribution-of-school-assets-to-the-achievement-of-adolescents-well-being-and-academic-performance
#18
Miguel-Ángel Pertegal, Alfredo Oliva
The aim of this study was to examine a model on the contribution of school assets on the development of adolescent´s well-being and school success. The sample comprised 1944 adolescents (893 girls and 1051 boys) aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.4; SD = 1.13), from secondary schools in Western Andalusia, which completed some self-report questionnaires. The results of structural equation modeling showed the goodness of fit of the initial theoretical model. This model confirmed the importance of school connectedness as a key factor in the relationships between other school assets (social climate; clarity of the rules and values, and positive opportunities and empowerment) and commitment to learning, academic performance and life satisfaction...
October 10, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991516/addressing-substance-use-disorder-in-primary-care-the-role-integration-and-impact-of-recovery-coaches
#19
Helen E Jack, Devin Oller, John Kelly, Jessica F Magidson, Sarah E Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Only 10% of people with substance use disorder (SUD) receive treatment, partially due to inadequate access to specialty SUD care and limited management within primary care. "Recovery coaches" (RCs), peers sharing the lived experience of addiction and recovery, are increasingly being integrated into primary care to help reach and treat people experiencing SUD, yet little is known about how their role should be defined or about their clinical integration and impact. METHODS: In order to explore patient and RC perspectives on the RC role, we conducted semi-structured interviews with RCs (n = 5) and their patients (n = 16)...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#20
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 4, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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