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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#1
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535104/measuring-the-value-of-new-drugs-validity-and-reliability-of-4-value-assessment-frameworks-in-the-oncology-setting
#2
Tanya G K Bentley, Joshua T Cohen, Elena B Elkin, Julie Huynh, Arnab Mukherjea, Thanh H Neville, Matthew Mei, Ronda Copher, Russell Knoth, Ioana Popescu, Jackie Lee, Jenelle M Zambrano, Michael S Broder
BACKGROUND: Several organizations have developed frameworks to systematically assess the value of new drugs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the convergent validity and interrater reliability of 4 value frameworks to understand the extent to which these tools can facilitate value-based treatment decisions in oncology. METHODS: Eight panelists used the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) frameworks to conduct value assessments of 15 drugs for advanced lung and breast cancers and castration-refractory prostate cancer...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533578/validity-and-reliability-assessment-of-the-persian-version-of-therapy-related-symptom-checklist
#3
Ava Mansouri, Rozita Motaghedi, Arash Rashidian, Asieh Ashouri, Mona Kagrar, Moluk Hajibabaei, Kheirollah Gholami, Shahla Ansari
Therapy-related symptom checklist for children (TRSC-C) was developed as a symptom assessment tool in children receiving chemotherapy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of TRSC-C. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013-2014 in Tehran, Iran. TRSC-C was translated using backward-forward approach. The content validity, face validity, and comprehensiveness were investigated based on the opinion of experts. The item content validity index (I-CVI) and scale content validity index (S-CVI) were calculated by the mean approach and inter-rater agreement...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528575/characterization-of-a-cyclic-olefin-polymer-microcentrifuge-tube
#4
Lloyd Waxman, Rachel L Erwin, Vinod D Vilivalam
Here, we describe the properties of a prototype microcentrifuge tube made from the plastic cyclic olefin polymer (COP). This material has been used in the manufacture of primary containers including syringes and vials for the storage, shipment, and delivery of biotherapeutics, vaccines, and cell therapy products. Its low level of extractable substances and metals along with its glass-like clarity make COP an attractive material for the fabrication of microcentrifuge tubes and other consumable laboratory plasticware where contamination is an important consideration, such as in the storage and analysis of labile proteins, nucleic acids, and metabolites...
May 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528127/determining-the-effectiveness-of-an-elder-abuse-nurse-examiner-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#5
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Rebecca Yang, Shirley Solomon, Sheila Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: To pilot and evaluate a novel Elder Abuse Nurse Examiner Curriculum and its associated training materials for their efficacy in improving Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)s' knowledge of elder abuse and competence in delivering care to abused older adults. METHODS: Pilot training was held with 18 SANEs from across Ontario, Canada. A 52-item pre- and post-training questionnaire was administered that assessed participants' self-reported knowledge and perceived skills-based competence related to elder abuse care...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528120/objective-evaluation-of-corneal-and-lens-clarity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Kemal Tekin, Merve Inanc, Erdal Kurnaz, Elvan Bayramoglu, Emre Aydemir, Mustafa Koc, Zehra Aycan
PURPOSE: To investigate whether abnormal glucose metabolism and duration of diabetes mellitus (DM) affected the corneal and lens clarity in children with well-controlled Type 1 DM and to compare the results obtained with those in healthy children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. METHODS: This multicenter study enrolled 56 patients with DM and 51 control subjects. The duration of DM and the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of the patients in the DM group were recorded...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527380/measurement-differences-between-turbidity-instruments-and-their-implications-for-suspended-sediment-concentration-and-load-calculations-a-sensor-inter-comparison-study
#7
A Rymszewicz, J J O'Sullivan, M Bruen, J N Turner, D M Lawler, E Conroy, M Kelly-Quinn
The use of turbidity for indicating environmentally detrimental levels of suspended and colloidal matter in freshwater systems, and for defining acceptable water quality standards in national and European drinking water regulations, is well established. Turbidity is therefore frequently adopted as a surrogate for suspended sediment concentrations (SSC), or as a relative and objective measure of water clarity in monitoring programmes. Through systematic, controlled experimentation, we tested the response of 12 commercially available turbidity sensors, of various designs, to gauge their measurement consistency when benchmarked against pre-prepared sediment suspensions of known SSC...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527040/fundamental-principles-of-an-anti-vegf-treatment-regimen-optimal-application-of-intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-of-macular-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Paolo Lanzetta, Anat Loewenstein
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is now considered the gold standard for the treatment of various retinal disorders. As therapy has evolved, so too have the treatment regimens employed by physicians in clinical practice; however, visual outcomes observed in the real world have typically not reflected those reported in clinical trials. Possible reasons for this include a lack of consensus on treatment regimens and a lack of clarity about what the aims of treatment should be...
May 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526912/moral-injury-and-definitional-clarity-betrayal-spirituality-and-the-role-of-chaplains
#9
Timothy J Hodgson, Lindsay B Carey
This article explores the developing definition of moral injury within the current key literature. Building on the previous literature regarding 'Moral Injury, Spiritual Care and the role of Chaplains' (Carey et al. in JORH 55(4):1218-1245, 2016b. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x ), this article notes the complexity that has developed due to definitional variations regarding moral injury-particularly with respect to the concepts of 'betrayal' and 'spirituality'. Given the increasing recognition of moral injury and noting the relevance and importance of utilizing a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, this article argues that betrayal and spirituality should be core components for understanding, defining and addressing moral injury...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524850/a-high-quantum-yield-molecule-protein-complex-fluorophore-for-near-infrared-ii-imaging
#10
Alexander L Antaris, Hao Chen, Shuo Diao, Zhuoran Ma, Zhe Zhang, Shoujun Zhu, Joy Wang, Alexander X Lozano, Quli Fan, Leila Chew, Mark Zhu, Kai Cheng, Xuechuan Hong, Hongjie Dai, Zhen Cheng
Fluorescence imaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II) allows visualization of deep anatomical features with an unprecedented degree of clarity. NIR-II fluorophores draw from a broad spectrum of materials spanning semiconducting nanomaterials to organic molecular dyes, yet unfortunately all water-soluble organic molecules with >1,000 nm emission suffer from low quantum yields that have limited temporal resolution and penetration depth. Here, we report tailoring the supramolecular assemblies of protein complexes with a sulfonated NIR-II organic dye (CH-4T) to produce a brilliant 110-fold increase in fluorescence, resulting in the highest quantum yield molecular fluorophore thus far...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523005/impact-of-temperature-and-nutrients-on-carbon-nutrient-tissue-stoichiometry-of-submerged-aquatic-plants-an-experiment-and-meta-analysis
#11
Mandy Velthuis, Emma van Deelen, Ellen van Donk, Peiyu Zhang, Elisabeth S Bakker
Human activity is currently changing our environment rapidly, with predicted temperature increases of 1-5°C over the coming century and increased nitrogen and phosphorus inputs in aquatic ecosystems. In the shallow parts of these ecosystems, submerged aquatic plants enhance water clarity by resource competition with phytoplankton, provide habitat, and serve as a food source for other organisms. The carbon:nutrient stoichiometry of submerged aquatic plants can be affected by changes in both temperature and nutrient availability...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521648/an-exploratory-study-of-the-experience-of-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-south-africa
#12
Silvie Cooper, Leah Gilbert
Within the conceptual framework of 'medically-ill-defined' conditions, this article focuses on the experiences of 'diagnosis' through a narrative analysis of fibromyalgia (a chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder) in South Africa. In-depth interviews were used to collect narratives from 15 participants. The findings show how the contested and confusing experience of fibromyalgia diagnosis can be understood, by viewing the interactions that patients have with their practitioners, families, peers and colleagues...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514982/evaluation-criteria-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-resource-allocation-decisions-a-literature-review-and-qualitative-study
#13
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Ahmed M Bayoumi
OBJECTIVES: We developed specific evaluation criteria to assess patient and public involvement in resource allocation decisions in health care. METHODS: We reviewed the literature from health and other sectors relevant to stakeholder involvement and conducted twenty-seven key informant interviews with stakeholders knowledgeable about patient and public involvement in Canadian drug resource allocation decisions. We used an inductive qualitative thematic approach to analyze the interviews with codes and categories developed directly from individuals' interview transcripts...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514595/flocculation-and-dewatering-of-mature-fine-tailings-using-temperature-responsive-cationic-polymers
#14
Dan Zhang, Thomas Thundat, Ravin Narain
Temperature-responsive copolymer with cationic charge was prepared with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and 2-aminoethyl methacrylamide hydrochloride (AEMA) by conventional free-radical polymerization. The flocculation performance of the copolymer, poly(AEMA-st-NIPAM), was compared to five different mixture ratios of polyNIPAM and cationic poly(acrylamide-st-diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (poly(AAm-st-DADMAC)). The effects of polymer mixture ratios, polymer dosages, and temperature on solid-liquid separation as a function of initial settling rates (ISR), supernatant turbidity, sediment solids content and water recovery were investigated...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#15
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511653/processes-and-challenges-of-community-mobilisation-for-latrine-promotion-under-nirmal-bharat-abhiyan-in-rural-odisha-india
#16
Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W Jenkins, Thomas Clasen, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation programme under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA - "Clean India Campaign"), the successor of India's Total Sanitation Campaign. This paper documents the strategies and processes of NBA community mobilisation for latrine promotion in these villages and assesses the strengths and limitations of the mobilisation activities...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511634/human-factors-considerations-in-designing-for-infection-prevention-and-control-in-neonatal-care-findings-from-a-pre-design-inquiry
#17
Chantal Trudel, Sue Cobb, Kathryn Momtahan, Janet Brintnell, Ann Mitchell
Qualitative data collection methods drawn from the early stages of human-centred design frameworks combined with thematic analysis were used to develop an understanding of infection prevention practice within an existing neonatal intensive care unit. Findings were used to generate a framework of understanding which in turn helped inform a baseline approach for future research and design development. The study revealed that a lack of clarity between infection transmission zones and a lack of design attributes needed to uphold infection prevention measures may be undermining healthcare workers' understanding and application of good practice...
May 17, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509519/development-of-life-story-experience-lse-scales-for-migrant-dentists-in-australia-a-sequential-qualitative-quantitative-study
#18
M Balasubramanian, A J Spencer, S D Short, K Watkins, S Chrisopoulos, D S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches introduces new avenues to bridge strengths, and address weaknesses of both methods. OBJECTIVE: To develop measure(s) for migrant dentist experiences in Australia through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: The sequential qualitative-quantitative design involved first the harvesting of data items from qualitative study, followed by a national survey of migrant dentists in Australia...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508702/cluster-analysis-in-nursing-research-an-introduction-historical-perspective-and-future-directions
#19
Heather Dunn, Laurie Quinn, Susan J Corbridge, Kamal Eldeirawi, Mary Kapella, Eileen G Collins
The use of cluster analysis in the nursing literature is limited to the creation of classifications of homogeneous groups and the discovery of new relationships. As such, it is important to provide clarity regarding its use and potential. The purpose of this article is to provide an introduction to distance-based, partitioning-based, and model-based cluster analysis methods commonly utilized in the nursing literature, provide a brief historical overview on the use of cluster analysis in nursing literature, and provide suggestions for future research...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508399/hdliveflow-with-spatiotemporal-image-correlation-for-the-diagnosis-of-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Megumi Ito, Mohamed Ahmed Mostafa AboEllail, Kenta Yamamoto, Kenji Kanenishi, Hirokazu Tanaka, Hiroshi Masaoka, Toshiyuki Hata
With the latest advancement of three-dimensional (3D)/four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound machines, HDliveFlow will facilitate more precise evaluations of the fetal and placental circulations [1-5] and gynecologic disorders [6-10]. HDliveFlow silhouette mode is the latest technology to demonstrate vitreous-like clarity of the blood flow. This technique has the ability to preserve and delineate the outline and borders of the blood flow, while showing its core as transparent.
May 16, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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