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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148929/web-based-alcohol-intervention-in-first-year-college-students-efficacy-of-full-program-administration-prior-to-second-semester
#1
Rebecca J Gilbertson, Tina R Norton, Susan H Beery, Kassandra R Lee
BACKGROUND: Commercially available, web-based interventions for the prevention of alcohol use are being adopted for universal use with first-year college students, yet few have received empirical evaluation. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of a novel, commercially available, personalized web-based alcohol intervention, Alcohol-Wise (version 4.0, 3(rd) Millennium Classrooms), on multiple measures of alcohol consumption, alcohol consequences, alcohol expectancies, academic achievement, and adaptation to college in first-year students...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147057/lessons-learnt-during-20-years-of-the-swedish-strategic-programme-against-antibiotic-resistance
#2
Sigvard Mölstad, Sonja Löfmark, Karin Carlin, Mats Erntell, Olov Aspevall, Lars Blad, Håkan Hanberger, Katarina Hedin, Jenny Hellman, Christer Norman, Gunilla Skoog, Cecilia Stålsby-Lundborg, Karin Tegmark Wisell, Christina Åhrén, Otto Cars
Increasing use of antibiotics and rising levels of bacterial resistance to antibiotics are a challenge to global health and development. Successful initiatives for containing the problem need to be communicated and disseminated. In Sweden, a rapid spread of resistant pneumococci in the southern part of the country triggered the formation of the Swedish strategic programme against antibiotic resistance, also known as Strama, in 1995. The creation of the programme was an important starting point for long-term coordinated efforts to tackle antibiotic resistance in the country...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146978/oxygen-rich-microporous-carbons-with-exceptional-hydrogen-storage-capacity
#3
Troy Scott Blankenship Ii, Norah Balahmar, Robert Mokaya
Porous carbons have been extensively investigated for hydrogen storage but, to date, appear to have an upper limit to their storage capacity. Here, in an effort to circumvent this upper limit, we explore the potential of oxygen-rich activated carbons. We describe cellulose acetate-derived carbons that combine high surface area (3800 m(2) g(-1)) and pore volume (1.8 cm(3) g(-1)) that arise almost entirely (>90%) from micropores, with an oxygen-rich nature. The carbons exhibit enhanced gravimetric hydrogen uptake (8...
November 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146924/interpretation-of-dynamic-tensile-behavior-by-austenite-stability-in-ferrite-austenite-duplex-lightweight-steels
#4
Jaeyeong Park, Min Cheol Jo, Hyeok Jae Jeong, Seok Su Sohn, Jai-Hyun Kwak, Hyoung Seop Kim, Sunghak Lee
Phenomena occurring in duplex lightweight steels under dynamic loading are hardly investigated, although its understanding is essentially needed in applications of automotive steels. In this study, quasi-static and dynamic tensile properties of duplex lightweight steels were investigated by focusing on how TRIP and TWIP mechanisms were varied under the quasi-static and dynamic loading conditions. As the annealing temperature increased, the grain size and volume fraction of austenite increased, thereby gradually decreasing austenite stability...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143504/-living-with-bronchiectasis
#5
Nicolas Glatz, Paola M Soccal, Dan Adler, Salim Chucri
Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition with a prevalence continuously on the rise. Bronchiectasis have a considerable impact on morbidity, healthcare utilization and quality of life. Pulmonary function tests, microbiological variables and exacerbation rate are useful in the initial and follow-up evaluation. Scores that combine those variables with chest CT findings have been established to predict hospitalizations and mortality. Assessment of health-related quality of life cannot rely on physiological variables measurement...
November 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142938/epidemiological-transition-of-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-oman
#6
Faisal Al Ismaili, Issa Al Salmi, Yaqoub Al Maimani, Abdul Massiah Metry, Humood Al Marhoobi, Alan Hola, Ronald L Pisoni
Introduction: The number of persons receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) is estimated at more than 2.5 million worldwide, and is growing by 8% annually. Registries in the developing world are not up to standards compared to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS). Herein we examine the causes, progression, and magnitude of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) over 3 decades in Oman. Methods: We examined ESKD data from 1983 to 2013. Data from 1998 to 2013 were obtained through an Information Management System...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141564/a-review-on-the-management-of-small-renal-masses-active-surveillance-versus-surgery
#7
Giancarlo Marra, Marco Oderda, Marco Allasia, Stefania Munegato, Steven Joniau, Paolo Gontero
Despite the rise of small renal tumour (SRMs) diagnosis and related surgeries, death rate of kidney cancer is increasing, suggesting a non-optimal management of SRMs. Active Surveillance (AS) for kidney cancer was introduced to face this paradox. However, incertitude remains on whether and when AS can replace surgery in selected patients. We performed a literature search, reviewed and discussed the evidence in favour of AS or surgery for SRMs. Histopathology and natural history of SRMs, including the percentage of benign tumours amongst SRMs, tumour growth rate, life expectancy of SRMs patients being generally older, and current results of AS series seem to support its use in selected groups...
November 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141439/double-cross-polarization-for-the-indirect-detection-of-nitrogen-14-nuclei-in-magic-angle-spinning-nmr-spectroscopy
#8
Diego Carnevale, Xiao Ji, Geoffrey Bodenhausen
Nitrogen-14 NMR spectra at fast magic-angle spinning rates can be acquired indirectly by means of two-dimensional techniques based on double cross polarization transfer (1)H → (14)N →(1)H. Experimental evidence is given for polycrystalline samples of glycine, l-histidine, and the dipeptide Ala-Gly. Either one-bond or long-range correlations can be favored by choosing the length of the cross polarization contact pulses. Longer contact pulses allow the detection of unprotonated nitrogen sites. In contrast to earlier methods that exploited second-order quadrupolar/dipolar cross-terms, cross polarization operates in the manner of the method of Hartmann and Hahn, even for (14)N quadrupolar couplings up to 4 MHz...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141430/lithium-atoms-on-helium-nanodroplets-rydberg-series-and-ionization-dynamics
#9
Florian Lackner, Günter Krois, Wolfgang E Ernst
The electronic excitation spectrum of lithium atoms residing on the surface of helium nanodroplets is presented and analyzed employing a Rydberg-Ritz approach. Utilizing resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy, two different Rydberg series have been identified: one assigned to the nS(Σ) series and the other with predominantly nP(Π) character. For high Rydberg states, which have been resolved up to n = 13, the surrounding helium effectively screens the valence electron from the Li ion core, as indicated by the apparent red-shift of Li transitions and lowered quantum defects on the droplet with respect to their free atom counterparts...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140586/annual-global-mean-temperature-explains-reproductive-success-in-a-marine-vertebrate-from-1955-2010
#10
Robert A Mauck, Donald C Dearborn, Charles E Huntington
The salient feature of anthropogenic climate change over the last century has been the rise in global mean temperature. However, global mean temperature is not used as an explanatory variable in studies of population-level response to climate change, perhaps because the signal to noise ratio of this gross measure makes its effect difficult to detect in any but the longest of datasets. Using a population of Leach's storm-petrels breeding in the Bay of Fundy, we tested whether local, regional, or global temperature measures are the best index of reproductive success in the face of climate change in species that travel widely between and within seasons...
November 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139149/under-recognized-entity-of-the-transient-rise-in-the-atrial-capture-threshold-early-after-dual-chamber-pacemaker-implantation
#11
Yoshiko Uehara, Kentaro Yoshida, Akira Kimata, Kojiro Ogawa, Daisuke Abe, Yasuaki Tsumagari, Hidekazu Tsuneoka, Yoshiaki Yui, Yoko Ito, Mari Ebine, Noriyuki Takeyasu, Kazutaka Aonuma, Akihiko Nogami
BACKGROUND: Steroid-eluting pacemaker leads suppress acute rises in pacing threshold by preventing inflammatory processes. However, we occasionally encounter not persistent but transient rise in the atrial capture threshold (TRACT) early after pacemaker implantation. We believe that this phenomenon is under-recognized in clinical practice and may potentially lead to unnecessary re-intervention. We aimed to clarify the prevalence, predictors, and possible mechanisms of TRACT. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed clinical records from 239 consecutive patients who underwent dual-chamber pacemaker implantation for sick sinus syndrome (SSS) (N = 102) or atrioventricular block (AVB) (N = 137)...
November 15, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136025/effects-of-rtv-coating-on-the-electrical-performance-of-polymer-insulator-under-lightning-impulse-voltage-condition
#12
Farah Adilah Jamaludin, Mohd Zainal Abidin Ab-Kadir, Mahdi Izadi, Norhafiz Azis, Jasronita Jasni, Muhammad Syahmi Abd-Rahman
Located near the equator, Malaysia is a country with one of the highest lightning densities in the world. Lightning contributes to 70% of the power outages in Malaysia and affects power equipment, automated network systems, causes data losses and monetary losses in the nation. Therefore, consideration of insulator evaluation under lightning impulses can be crucial to evaluate and attempt to overcome this issue. This paper presents a new approach to increase the electrical performance of polymer insulators using a Room Temperature Vulcanisation (RTV) coating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135507/immunohistochemical-and-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-analysis-of-myc-in-a-series-of-17-cutaneous-angiosarcomas-a-single-center-study
#13
Celia Requena, Luis Rubio, Javier Lavernia, Isidro Machado, Beatriz Llombart, Onofre Sanmartín, Víctor Traves, Carlos Guillén, Julia Cruz
Cutaneous angiosarcoma (AS) is an uncommon aggressive sarcoma whose incidence is rising because of the increasing use of radiation therapy, especially in breast cancer. The few studies on the relevance of prognostic factors, such as MYC status in cutaneous AS, have reported inconclusive findings, with some authors reporting MYC amplification only in postirradiation and lymphedema-associated AS and others reporting evidence of MYC amplification in idiopathic AS. We analyzed 17 cases of cutaneous AS (6 idiopathic AS, 10 postirradiation AS, and 1 lymphedema-associated AS) treated at our institute between 2000 and 2015...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132644/delineating-sites-of-failure-following-post-prostatectomy-radiation-treatment-using-68-ga-psma-pet
#14
Keelan Byrne, Thomas Eade, Andrew Kneebone, Linxin Guo, Ed Hsiao, Geoff Schembri, Carolyn Kwong, Julia Hunter, Louise Emmett, George Hruby
PURPOSE: To identify sites of failure with (68)Ga-PSMA-PET (PSMA-PET) imaging in patients who have Biochemical Failure (BF) following post-prostatectomy radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between June 2006 and January 2016, 409 men received post prostatectomy intensity modulated radiation treatment (IMRT) with protocolised planning. 310 patients received radiation treatment (RT) to the Prostate Fossa (PF) alone and 99 patients received RT to PF and pelvic lymphatics (PF + LN) usually in combination with androgen deprivation (AD) therapy...
November 10, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132069/risk-factors-for-tooth-loss-in-middle-and-older-age-after-up-to-10-years-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Alexander Jochen Hassel, Volkan Safaltin, Sabine Grill, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Anna-Luisa Klotz, Edriss Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors for tooth loss in two birth cohorts, quinquagenarians and septuagenarians, after up to 10 years of clinical observation. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from the Interdisciplinary Study of Adult Development (ILSE) and examined at baseline and up to 10 years after. Thirty-nine and 84 participants belonged to the older (OC; born in 1930/32) cohort and younger (YC; born in 1950/52) cohort, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131132/points-of-concern-in-post-acute-kidney-injury-management
#16
Jill Vanmassenhove, Raymond Vanholder, Norbert Lameire
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) will in the future remain high, partly due to an increase in comorbidities and other AKI favoring factors such as the rise in high-risk diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. AKI has emerged as a major public health concern with high human and financial costs. It has recently been demonstrated that patients surviving an AKI episode show increased all-cause mortality, chronic kidney disease (CKD), ESRD, cardiovascular events, and reduced quality of life. Although it is important to acknowledge that, after an AKI episode, the risk of dying by far exceeds the risk of developing incident or progressive CKD and/or entering a maintenance renal replacement therapy (RRT) program, currently only a minority of patients are referred for renal follow-up, even after AKI-requiring RRT...
November 2, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130073/patterns-of-mortality-by-occupation-in-the-uk-1991-2011-a-comparative-analysis-of-linked-census-and-mortality-records
#17
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Alastair H Leyland, Martin McKee, Kevin Ralston, David Stuckler
Background: Detailed assessments of mortality by occupation are scarce. We aimed to assess mortality by occupation in the UK, differences in rates between England and Wales and Scotland, and changes over time in Scotland. Methods: We analysed adults of working age (20-59 years) using linked census and death records. Main occupation was coded into more than 60 groups in the 2001 census, with mortality follow-up until Dec 31, 2011. Comparable occupation data were available for Scotland in 1991, allowing assessment of trends over time...
November 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128712/the-impact-of-a-brief-cessation-induction-intervention-for-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Eleanor L S Leavens, Ellen Meier, Alayna P Tackett, Mary Beth Miller, Noor N Tahirkheli, Emma I Brett, Dana M Carroll, Leslie M Driskill, Michael P Anderson, Theodore L Wagener
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) tobacco smoking delivers many of the same harmful toxicants as cigarette smoking and is on the rise in the US. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a brief personalized feedback intervention in affecting changes in WP smoking among current WP smokers. METHODS: Participants (N=109) were recruited as they entered WP lounges and completed a questionnaire and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) testing before entering the WP lounge...
October 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127763/thyroid-evaluation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-williams-syndrome-in-zhejiang-province
#19
Wei-Jun Chen, Chai Ji, Dan Yao, Zheng-Yan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to describe the prevalence of abnormal thyroid function and volume in children and adolescents with Williams syndrome (WS) in Zhejiang Province, China. METHODS: Thyroid function, including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), and thyroid antibodies (thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin) were measured in 83 patients with WS, aged 0.2-16.5 years. Twenty-three patients were followed for an average of 1...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127595/neurological-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#20
Tania Saad, Alessandra Augusta PennaeCosta, Fernanda Veiga de Góes, Marcela de Freitas, Julia Valeriano de Almeida, Lúcio José de Santa Ignêz, Ana Paula Amancio, Renata Joviano Alvim, Ludmilla Athayde Antunes Kramberger
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, it was observed a rise in the number of microcephalic newborns associated with a history of non-specific febrile sickness and rash during pregnancy in Brazil. Since then, microcephaly has emerged as a public health concern. A few months after, the causal relation between congenital microcephaly and the Zika virus was discovered. Zika virus, an arbovirus, is a new TORCH member that leads to congenital infection through vertical transmission and harms the developing brain, disrupting synaptogenesis, and causing other central nervous system lesions...
November 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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