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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909085/a-negative-antinuclear-antibody-does-not-indicate-autoantibody-negativity-in-myositis-role-of-anticytoplasmic-antibody-as-a-screening-test-for-antisynthetase-syndrome
#1
Rohit Aggarwal, Namrata Dhillon, Noreen Fertig, Diane Koontz, Zengbiao Qi, Chester V Oddis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of anticytoplasmic autoantibody (anti-CytAb) in antisynthetase antibody-positive (anti-SynAb+) patients. METHODS: Anti-SynAb+ patients were evaluated for antinuclear antibody (ANA) and anti-CytAb [cytoplasmic staining on indirect immunofluorescence (IIF)] positivity. Anti-SynAb+ patients included those possessing anti-Jo1 and other antisynthetase autoantibodies. Control groups included scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and healthy subjects...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898913/benefits-of-including-methane-measurements-in-selection-strategies
#2
D L Robinson, V H Oddy
Estimates of genetic/phenotypic covariances and economic values for slaughter weight, growth, feed intake and efficiency, and three potential methane traits were compiled to explore the effect of incorporating methane measurements in breeding objectives for cattle and meat sheep. The cost of methane emissions was assumed to be zero (scenario A), A$476/t (based on A$14/t CO equivalent and methane's 100-yr global warming potential [GWP] of 34; scenario B), or A$2,580/t (A$30/t CO equivalent combined with methane's 20-yr GWP of 86; scenario C)...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898840/one-hour-portable-chamber-methane-measurements-are-repeatable-and-provide-useful-information-on-feed-intake-and-efficiency
#3
D L Robinson, M Cameron, A J Donaldson, S Dominik, V H Oddy
Feed intake (FI), live weight (LW), and ADG were recorded over 31 d in ninety-six 12-month-old ewes (progeny of 4 sires) given ad libitum access to chaffed lucerne/cereal hay. Methane (CH) and CO emissions of each ewe were measured for 40 to 60 min in portable accumulation chambers (PAC) and in respiration chambers (RC) over 22 h. Testing in RC increased the variability of FI on the test day and depressed the amount eaten from an average of 1,384 to 1,062 g/d; FI depression increased by 0.63 ± 0.24 percentage points for every kilogram of additional LW...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888858/novel-findings-in-the-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#4
Federico Bolado, Enrique de-Madaria
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially serious disease whose incidence is on the increase. Pancreas divisum does not meet the required criteria to be considered an aetiological factor. Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction may be another cause of idiopathic AP. Less invasive methods cannot replace Sphincter of Oddi manometry in diagnosis. Almost half of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome develop organ failure, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. Obesity is a risk factor for severity in AP; the cause could be the presence of free unsaturated fatty acids, which have pro-inflammatory activity...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871582/glucagon-induced-hypertensive-emergency-a-case-report
#5
Aron Legler, Richard K Kim, Nikhil Chawla
Glucagon is well acknowledged as a sphincter of Oddi relaxant for both diagnostic and therapeutic uses in choledocholithiasis, and an empiric treatment for β-blocker overdose. Although it has been implicated in inducing cardiovascular crises in patients with asymptomatic pheochromocytoma, adverse effects in other patient populations have not been characterized. This case report describes a patient with hypertension controlled on β blockers who, after glucagon administration during an intraoperative cholangiography, experienced hypertensive emergency despite adequate pain control...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865590/sphincter-of-oddi-botulinum-toxin-injection-to-prevent-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#6
Thilo Hackert, Ulla Klaiber, Ulf Hinz, Tzveta Kehayova, Pascal Probst, Phillip Knebel, Markus K Diener, Lutz Schneider, Oliver Strobel, Christoph W Michalski, Alexis Ulrich, Peter Sauer, Markus W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula represents the most important complication after distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a preoperative endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin into the sphincter of Oddi to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (German Clinical Trials Register number: DRKS00007885). METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated, prospective clinical phase I/II trial with an exploratory study design. We included patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic sphincter botulinum toxin injection (100 units of Botox)...
November 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837048/cutaneous-improvement-in-refractory-adult-and-juvenile-dermatomyositis-after-treatment-with-rituximab
#7
Rohit Aggarwal, Priyadarshini Loganathan, Diane Koontz, Zengbiao Qi, Ann M Reed, Chester V Oddis
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the efficacy of rituximab for the cutaneous manifestations of adult DM and JDM. METHODS: Patients with refractory adult DM (n = 72) and JDM (n = 48) were treated with rituximab in a randomized placebo-phase-controlled trial [either rituximab early drug (week 0/1) or rituximab late arms (week 8/9), such that all subjects received study drug]. Stable concomitant therapy was allowed. Cutaneous disease activity was assessed using the Myositis Disease Activity Assessment Tool, which grades cutaneous disease activity on a visual analog scale...
November 11, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829111/the-legacy-of-maurice-raynaud
#8
Arpan V Prabhu, Chester V Oddis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826439/a-prospective-investigation-of-dietary-patterns-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#9
Georgina S A Trapp, Karina L Allen, Lucinda J Black, Gina L Ambrosini, Peter Jacoby, Susan Byrne, Karen E Martin, Wendy H Oddy
Investigating protective and risk factors that influence mental health in young people is a high priority. While previous cross-sectional studies have reported associations between diet and mental health among adolescents, few prospective studies exist. The aim of this study was to examine prospective relationships between dietary patterns and mental health among adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess indicators of mental health (Youth Self-Report externalizing/internalizing T-scores) and Western and Healthy dietary patterns (identified using factor analysis) at 14 (2003-2005) and 17 years (2006-2008)...
November 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821311/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
Tegan Grace, Wendy Oddy, Max Bulsara, Beth Hands
BACKGROUND: While there is a large body of work supporting the importance of early feeding practices on cognitive, immunity, behavioural and mental outcomes, few longitudinal studies have focused on motor development. The relationship between duration of breast feeding and motor development outcomes at 10, 14, and 17years were examined. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Study. There were 2868 live births recorded and children were examined for motor proficiency at 10 (M=10...
November 4, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815732/the-course-of-skull-deformation-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Leo A van Vlimmeren, Raoul Hh Engelbert, Maaike Pelsma, Hans Mm Groenewoud, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden
: In a continuation of a prospective longitudinal cohort study in a healthy population on the course of skull shape from birth to 24 months, at 5 years of age, 248 children participated in a follow-up assessment using plagiocephalometry (ODDI-oblique diameter difference index, CPI-cranio proportional index). Data from the original study sampled at birth, 7 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months were used in two linear mixed models. MAIN FINDINGS: (1) if deformational plagiocephaly (ODDI <104%) and/or positional preference at 7 weeks of age are absent, normal skull shape can be predicted at 5 years of age; (2) if positional preference occurs, ODDI is the highest at 7 weeks and decreases to a stable lowest value at 2 and 5 years of age; and (3) regarding brachycephaly, all children showed the highest CPI at 6 months of age with a gradual decrease over time...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813508/-recurrent-pancreatitis-secondary-to-sphincter-of-oddi-dysfunction-case-report
#12
Jeannette Calzadilla, Natalia Sanhueza, Solange Farías, Félix González
Dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi is a rare disease that causes about 20% of recurrent idiopathic pancreatitis. In order to suspect its existence, it is mandatory to have ruled out all other causes of acute pancreatitis. Then, the disease needs to be classified by degree of dysfunction and have a manometry performed as it is considered the gold standard of diagnosis. Manometry is used to guide treatment and its method of choice is usually an endoscopic sphincterotomy. In this article a case of recurrent pancreatitis is discussed, which after a thorough study that ruled out other etiologies, was diagnosed as a pancreatic-type dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi...
October 21, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812379/parental-pre-pregnancy-bmi-is-a-dominant-early-life-risk-factor-influencing-bmi-of-offspring-in-adulthood
#13
S R Rath, J A Marsh, J P Newnham, K Zhu, H C Atkinson, J Mountain, W H Oddy, I P Hughes, M Harris, G M Leong, A M Cotterill, P D Sly, C E Pennell, C S Choong
OBJECTIVE: We examined parental and early-life variables in order to identify risk factors for adulthood overweight and obesity in offspring. We report here on the longitudinal prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian children born between 1989 and 1991 and followed from birth to age 22. METHODS: Data were analysed on 1355 participants from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, with anthropometry collected during pregnancy, at birth, one year and at three yearly intervals thereafter...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771601/r-gas-under-diaphragm
#14
Maddibande Ramachar Sreevathsa, Khyati Melanta
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of gas under diaphragm is hollow viscous perforation. In 10% of cases it can be due to rare causes, both abdominal and extra-abdominal, one of them being intra abdominal infection by gas forming organisms. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 51 year old male patient, a poorly controlled diabetic, presented with a second episode of severe pain abdomen and abdominal distention, with lower abdominal tenderness. Plain Xray of the abdomen in erect posture showed gas under the right dome of diaphragm and ultrasound abdomen confirmed gross pneumoperitoneum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762149/post-cholecystectomy-syndrome-and-sphincter-of-oddi-dysfunction-past-present-and-future
#15
Paul R Tarnasky
Post-cholecystectomy syndrome and the concept of a causal relationship to sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, despite the controversy, has presented a clinically relevant conflict for decades. Historically surgeons, and now gastroenterologists have expended tremendous efforts towards trying to better understand the dilemma that is confounded by unique patient phenotypes. Areas covered: This review encompasses the literature from a century of experience on the topic of post-cholecystectomy syndrome. Relevant historical and anecdotal experiences are examined in the setting of insights from evaluation of recently available controlled data...
December 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732731/the-rise-of-henri-alexandre-danlos-and-his-contributions-to-dermatologic-therapeutics-and-radiation-research
#16
Parth Patel, Arpan V Prabhu, Chester V Oddis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680402/from-leaves-to-landscape-a-multiscale-approach-to-assess-fire-hazard-in-wildland-urban-interface-areas
#17
Luciana Ghermandi, Natacha A Beletzky, Mónica I de Torres Curth, Facundo J Oddi
The overlapping zone between urbanization and wildland vegetation, known as the wildland urban interface (WUI), is often at high risk of wildfire. Human activities increase the likelihood of wildfires, which can have disastrous consequences for property and land use, and can pose a serious threat to lives. Fire hazard assessments depend strongly on the spatial scale of analysis. We assessed the fire hazard in a WUI area of a Patagonian city by working at three scales: landscape, community and species. Fire is a complex phenomenon, so we used a large number of variables that correlate a priori with the fire hazard...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652298/wide-disparities-in-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-type-ii-sphincter-of-oddi-dysfunction-a-survey-of-expert-u-s-endoscopists
#18
Rabindra R Watson, Jason Klapman, Srinadh Komanduri, Janak N Shah, Sachin Wani, Raman Muthusamy
BACKGROUND: Sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM) is recommended in the evaluation of suspected Type II sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD2), though its utility is uncertain. Little is known about the practice of expert endoscopists in the United States regarding SOD2. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to 128 expert biliary endoscopists identified from U.S. advanced endoscopy training programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 46...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651353/prophylaxis-of-pancreatitis-with-intravenous-ketoprofen-in-a-consecutive-population-of-ercp-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Fernanda de Quadros Onófrio, Julio Carlos Pereira Lima, Guilherme Watte, Romnei Lenon Lehmen, Daniela Oba, Gabriela Camargo, Carlos Eduardo Oliveira Dos Santos
Background Acute pancreatitis is the most common complication after ERCP, occurring in about 4 % of the procedures. Only the placement of pancreatic duct prosthesis and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have shown benefit in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). Although the benefit of rectal administration of indomethacin or diclofenac is recommended by some studies and society guidelines especially in a selected group of high-risk patients, there is so far, no standardization of time or route of NSAID administration...
September 20, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649662/a-retrospective-analysis-of-1-011-percutaneous-liver-biopsies-performed-in-patients-with-liver-transplantation-or-liver-disease-ultrasonography-can-reduce-complications
#20
V Filingeri, S Francioso, D Sforza, F Santopaolo, F M Oddi, G Tisone
OBJECTIVE: In the last decades, liver biopsy was the reference procedure for the diagnosis and follow-up of liver disease. Aim of present retrospective analysis was to assess the prevalence of complications and risk factors after Percutaneous Liver Biopsy (PLB) performed for diagnosis and staging in patients with chronic liver disease and for monitoring the graft in liver transplanted patients PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 1.011 PLB performed with the Menghini technique between January 2004 and December 2014 at the Hepatology and Transplant Units of the University of Rome Tor Vergata...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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