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Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah, Syed Husham Zafar, Khalid B Albeladi
Backgrounds/Aims: Postcholecystectomy syndrome represents a heterogeneous group of symptoms and findings in patients who have previously undergone cholecystectomy. It is rare and under-reported in Saudi Arabia. It can be attributed to many complications such as bile duct injury, biliary leak, retained common bile duct stones, recurrent bile duct stones, and bile duct strictures. In this study, we aimed to analyze the causes and evaluate the approach to postcholecystectomy syndrome in our local Saudi Arabian community because of the vast number of cases encountered in our hospital for gallbladder clinical conditions and its related complications...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Jennifer M Watchmaker, Andrew J Lipnik, Micah R Fritsche, Jennifer C Baker, Samdeep K Mouli, Sunil Geevarghese, Filip Banovac, Reed A Omary, Daniel B Brown
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prophylactic antibiotics are frequently administered for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In patients without previous biliary instrumentation, infection risk from TACE is low. We hypothesized that there is a negligible rate of infection in these patients without prophylactic antibiotics. METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients undergoing TACE between 7/1/2013-6/15/2016. All patients had an intact Sphincter of Oddi, received no peri-procedural antibiotics, and had 30+ days follow-up...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Chiun-Ku Lin, Kwok-Hung Lai, Hoi-Hung Chan, E-Ming Wang, Wei-Lun Tsai, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Hsien-Chung Yu, Wen-Chi Chen, Ping-I Hsu
BACKGROUND: Whether preserving sphincter of Oddi (SO) function by endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is beneficial for preventing recurrent common bile duct stone disease (CBDS) is controversial. The aim of this study was to measure sphincter of Oddi (SO) function by using SO manometry, and to evaluate the association with recurrent CBDS. METHODS: Patients with suspected CBDS who underwent successful EPBD were included. These patients underwent SO manometry at two months after EPBD with bile duct clearance...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Rohit Aggarwal, Chester V Oddis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
F Zoratto, G Oddi, E Gori, A Micucci, F De Petrillo, F Paglieri, W Adriani, G Laviola, E Addessi
Both human and non-human animals frequently deal with risky decisions in a social environment. Nevertheless, the influence of the social context on decision-making has been scarcely investigated. Here, we evaluated for the first time whether the presence of a conspecific influences risk preferences in rats and in tufted capuchin monkeys. Subjects received a series of choices between a constant, safe option and a variable, risky option, both alone (Alone condition) and when paired with a conspecific (Paired condition)...
February 24, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Jennifer Hague, Ruth Casey, Jonathan Bruty, Tom Legerton, Stephen Abbs, Susan Oddy, Andrew S Powlson, Mohamed Majeed, Mark Gurnell, Soo-Mi Park, Helen Simpson
Activating mutations in AVPR2 are associated with nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD). NSIAD causes hyponatremia, decreased serum osmolality and clinical symptoms, which may present from birth or in infancy and include hypotonia, irritability, vomiting and/or seizures. Symptoms in later life are often less specific and include malaise, dizziness, confusion, tiredness and headache. NSIAD is a rare X-linked condition, which is associated with a variable phenotype in males, of whom some present in infancy but others do not become symptomatic until adulthood, or occasionally, never...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Rohit Aggarwal, Chester V Oddis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Douglas Chesher, Michael Oddy, Ulpee Darbar, Parag Sayal, Adrian Casey, Aidan Ryan, Annalisa Sechi, Charlotte Simister, Aoife Waters, Yehani Wedatilake, Robin H Lachmann, Elaine Murphy
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is the most common monogenic disorder causing hypophosphatemia. This case-note review documents the clinical features and the complications of treatment in 59 adults (19 male, 40 female) with XLH. XLH is associated with a large number of private mutations; 37 different mutations in the PHEX gene were identified in this cohort, 14 of which have not been previously reported. Orthopaedic involvement requiring surgical intervention (osteotomy) was frequent. Joint replacement and decompressive laminectomy were observed in those older than 40 years...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Mauro Maccarrone, Antonio Totaro, Alessandro Leuti, Giacomo Giacovazzo, Lucia Scipioni, Dalila Mango, Roberto Coccurello, Robert Nisticò, Sergio Oddi
Besides its involvement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) as precursor of the neurotoxic amyloid peptides, the pathophysiological impact of brain accumulation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) is not yet well understood. Recent studies reported that APP interacts with other membrane proteins, including G protein coupled receptors, affecting their biological functions. Here, we focused on the study of the potential impact of human mutant APP on expression, distribution and activity of type-1 cannabinoid (CB1 ) receptor in the hippocampus of Tg2576 mice, an AD-like mice model...
February 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Sung Joo Kim, Soyeon An, Hyo Jeong Kang, Joo Young Kim, Min Ah Jang, Jae Hoon Lee, Ki-Byung Song, Dae Wook Hwang, HyungJun Cho, Song Cheol Kim, Eunsil Yu, Seung-Mo Hong
BACKGROUND: The American Joint Committee on Cancer recently proposed the eighth edition of cancer staging system. Validation studies are required to evaluate the prognostic stratification of ampulla of Vater cancer patients. METHODS: In the study, 369 operatively resected patients with ampullary cancers were grouped based on the eighth T (T1a, limited to sphincter of Oddi; T1b, invasion to duodenal submucosa; T2, invasion to duodenal proper muscle; T3a, invasion to pancreas ≤0...
February 13, 2018: Surgery
Catriona Firth, Emily Petherick, Sam J Oddie
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess Child Death Overview Panel (CDOP) data validity, and cause of death classification, by comparison with information from a local birth cohort study (Born in Bradford, BiB), and another cause of death coding system (causes of death and associated conditions-CODAC). We then aimed to use CDOP data to calculate ethnic-specific infant mortality rates (IMRs), and compare characteristics of infants who died of congenital anomalies (CA) with those who died from other causes (non-CA)...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Nicholas AuYong, Joni Ricks-Oddie, Yvette Bordelon, Nader Pouratian
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus internus (GPi) are equally efficacious in the management of Parkinson disease (PD). Studies of STN-DBS have revealed a therapeutic reduction in excessive cortical β-γ phase-amplitude coupling (PAC). It is unclear whether this is specific to STN-DBS and potentially mediated by modulation of the hyperdirect pathway or if it is a generalizable mechanism seen with DBS of other targets. Moreover, it remains unclear how cortical signals are differentially modulated by movement versus therapy...
January 31, 2018: Brain Stimulation
Patricia Burns, Sofia Oddi, Liliana Forzani, Eduardo Tabacman, Jorge Reinheimer, Gabriel Vinderola
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variability of secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) in the lumen and feces of mice along a working day. RESULTS: Mice were maintained under a 12 h light-dark cycle, light period starting at 8 AM. S-IgA was determined in feces and intestinal content (after one or three washes) at three points along the day: at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the light period (ELP). Significant reduction in the content of S-IgA in the small intestine fluid and in feces was observed at the end of the light cycle, which coincides with the end of a regular working day (8 PM) in any given animal facility...
February 5, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Wendy H Oddy, Karina L Allen, Georgina S A Trapp, Gina L Ambrosini, Lucinda J Black, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter Rzehak, Kevin C Runions, Feng Pan, Lawrence J Beilin, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that dietary patterns may impact mental health outcomes, although biologically plausible pathways are yet to be tested. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal relationship between dietary patterns, adiposity, inflammation and mental health including depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Data were provided from 843 adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at 14 and 17 years (y) of age...
January 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Ved Bhushan Arya, Michal Ajzensztejn, Gayle Appleby, Sue Oddy, David Halsall, Krishna Chatterjee, Carla Moran, Tony Hulse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Guido Costamagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Rohit Aggarwal, Galina Marder, Diane Carol Koontz, Preeya Nandkumar, Zengbiao Qi, Chester V Oddis
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, tolerability and steroid-sparing effect of repository corticotropin injection (RCI), in an open-label clinical trial, in refractory adult polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: Adults with refractory PM and DM were enrolled by two centres. Inclusion criteria included refractory disease defined as failing glucocorticoid and/or ≥1 immunosuppressive agent, as well as active disease defined as significant muscle weakness and >2 additional abnormal core set measures (CSMs) or a cutaneous 10 cm Visual Analogue Scale score of ≥3 cm and at least three other abnormal CSMs...
December 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
Takashi Hanzawa, Tadao Matsunaga, Tomoyuki Koike, Atsushi Kanno, Atsushi Masamune, Katsunori Iijima, Tooru Shimosegawa, Yoichi Haga
INTRODUCTION: Although measuring the pressure of the sphincter of Oddi and the bile duct is considered to be an important examination, called Sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM), some complications related to the SOM device remain unsolved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To decrease adverse complications, we developed a 0.46 mm manometry and we performed some in vitro studies. RESULTS: We successfully developed a 0.46 mm SOM. The diameter is the thinnest size used in endoscopic examinations...
December 12, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
M Hollenbach, A Hoffmeister, J Rosendahl, J Mössner
In this review article important and frequently used investigation methods for gastrointestinal functional diagnostics are presented. Some other rarely used special investigations are also explained. The hydrogen breath test is simple to carry out, ubiquitously available and enables the detection of lactose, fructose and sorbitol malabsorption. Furthermore, by the application of glucose, the test can be carried out when there is a suspicion of abnormal intestinal bacterial colonization and using lactulose for measuring small intestinal transit time...
January 2018: Der Internist
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