keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sit to stand

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058269/muscle-strength-functional-endurance-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-active-older-female-golfers
#1
Charlotte Buckley, Maria Stokes, Dinesh Samuel
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a reliable predictor of whole body strength in older adults, but muscle characteristics of people with different activity levels have not been studied previously. The present study examined the relationship between grip strength (GS), quadriceps peak torque (QPT), functional endurance, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older female golfers. METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy female golfers (mean age 69.1 years, SD 3.4) participated...
October 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054302/monitoring-the-biomechanical-and-physiological-effects-of-postural-changes-during-leisure-chair-sitting
#2
Peter R Worsley, Dan Rebolledo, Sally Webb, Silvia Caggiari, Dan L Bader
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limited mobility can spend prolonged periods in leisure chairs, increasing their risk of developing a seated acquired pressure ulcer. The present study aims to use objective measures of posture and tissue viability to identify the associated risks of leisure chair related pressure ulcers. METHODS: Healthy participants (n = 13) were recruited to sit on a leisure chair with either a viscoelastic foam or air cushion. Participants were asked to adopt four different postures for a period of 10 min followed by a 10 min refractory period...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052467/the-effect-of-level-of-injury-and-physical-activity-on-heart-rate-variability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Athanasios Kyriakides, Dimitrios Poulikakos, Angeliki Galata, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Elisabeth Chroni
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To assess frequency domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters at rest and in response to postural autonomic provocations in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate the autonomic influences on the heart of different physical activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Ten subjects with complete cervical SCI and fourteen subjects with complete low thoracic SCI were prospectively recruited from the community and further divided in sedentary and physically active groups, the latter defined as regular weekly 4 hour physical activity for the preceding 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051872/synovial-hemangioma-of-the-knee-management-and-excellent-outcome-2-years-after-arthroscopic-synovectomy-in-a-25-year-old-male-with-a-20-year-history
#4
Akshdeep Singh Bawa, Rajnish Garg, Kaneeka Bhatnagar, Shekhar Singal
INTRODUCTION: Synovial hemangioma is a rare condition with <200 published case reports in world literature and is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to diagnostic delay of many years. This delay is even more significant if the patient comes from a rural background with a dearth of medical facilities in the area. This case had a lag of nearly 20 years from the time of onset of symptoms and the required management which is the maximum reported for any synovial hemangioma since most of them have been found and treated in adolescents...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047242/effect-of-sagittal-balance-on-risk-of-falling-after-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-surgery-combined-with-posterior-surgery
#5
Byung Ho Lee, Jae Ho Yang, Hak Sun Kim, Kyung Soo Suk, Hwan Mo Lee, Jin Oh Park, Seong Hwan Moon
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the impact of correcting sagittal balance (SB) on functional outcomes of surgical treatment for degenerative spinal disease and actual falls via utilization of new minimally invasive lumbar fusion techniques via a lateral approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2011 to March 2015, we enrolled 56 patients who underwent minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and matched 112 patients receiving decompression/postero-lateral fusion (PLF) surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046076/the-lesser-spotted-pregnant-surgeon
#6
L C Hamilton
With more women entering surgical training, it will become more commonplace to encounter pregnant surgeons. This paper discusses the evidence for work-related risk factors as well as outlining the rights of a pregnant doctor. There are, in fact, very few real risks to pregnancy encountered as a surgeon, with the main risks involving standing or sitting for long periods and fatigue, which can be managed with support from the department. It is important for women in surgery to know that it is possible to continue their training while pregnant so they do not feel pressured into changing to a less demanding specialty or even leaving medicine entirely...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045051/minimum-performance-on-clinical-tests-of-physical-function-to-predict-walking-6000-steps-day-in-knee-osteoarthritis-an-observational-study
#7
Hiral Master, Louise M Thoma, Meredith B Christiansen, Emily Polakowski, Laura A Schmitt, Daniel K White
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of physical function difficulties, such as difficulty rising from a chair, may limit daily walking for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to identify minimum performance thresholds on clinical tests of physical function predictive to walk ≥6000 steps/day. This benchmark is known to discriminate people with knee OA who develop functional limitation over time from those who do not. METHODS: Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we quantified daily walking as average steps/day from an accelerometer (Actigraph GTM1) worn for >10 hours/day over one week...
October 17, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040497/the-association-between-fall-frequency-injury-risk-and-characteristics-of-falls-in-older-residents-of-long-term-care-do-recurrent-fallers-fall-more-safely
#8
Kimberley S van Schooten, Yijian Yang, Fabio Feldman, Ming Leung, Heather McKay, Joanie Sims-Gould, Stephen N Robinovitch
Background: Although a fall is a necessary prerequisite to a fall-related injury, previous studies suggest that frequent fallers are at lower injury risk for a given fall. We tested the hypotheses that differences in protective responses or the circumstances of falls underlie differences in injury risk with fall frequency. Methods: We analyzed video footage of 897 falls experienced by 220 long-term care residents (mean age 82±9 yrs) to identify the cause of imbalance, activity leading to falling, direction of fall initiation, balance recovery and fall protective responses, and occurrence of impact to the head or hip...
October 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039261/one-year-follow-up-of-the-capo-kids-trial-are-physical-benefits-maintained
#9
Rossana C Nogueira, Benjamin K Weeks, Belinda Beck
PURPOSE: To determine the 12-month maintenance of a 9-month, thrice-weekly, 10-minute high-intensity exercise program, delivered in schools, on bone and other health-related performance variables in prepubertal children. METHODS: All participants (N = 311) of the CAPO kids trial (testing times T1-T2) were contacted to undergo retesting (T3) of all original measures-including weight, standing and sitting height, calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (Achilles, GE), and stiffness index (Achilles, GE)-waist circumference, resting heart rate, blood pressure, vertical jump, and aerobic capacity...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037625/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-balance-strength-and-mobility-of-an-older-adult-with-chronic-stroke-a-case-report
#10
Christopher S Cayco, Edward James R Gorgon, Rolando T Lazaro
This study described the effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) program on balance, strength, and mobility in an older adult with chronic stroke. The patient was male, aged 69 years, with right hemiplegia for 17 years, and had diminished balance, balance confidence, lower extremity (LE) strength, and gait velocity. He received 1 h of PNF-based therapy thrice a week for six weeks. Outcome measures were: Mini-BESTest, limits of stability (LOS), Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Five Time Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST), Upright Motor Control Test (UMCT), and 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037615/six-weeks-of-mat-pilates-training-are-enough-to-improve-functional-capacity-in-elderly-women
#11
Josefina Bertoli, Grazieli Maria Biduski, Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Mat Pilates on the functional capacity (FC) of elderly women before and after six weeks of intervention. Eighteen women aged 62.28 (±2.34) participated in the study. Timed Up and Go test, Timed Up Stairs, Timed Down Stairs, 30-s Chair Stand, Chair Sit-and-Reach and Back Scratch tests were assessed. The results showed significant improvements in all FC tests after six weeks of the Mat Pilates intervention. Summarizing, only six weeks of Mat Pilates training of 60 min per session, three times a week, three series beginning with six repetitions and eight repetitions at the last two weeks of intervention, were enough to improve FC in elderly women...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037443/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-the-cams-knee-data-set
#12
William R Taylor, Pascal Schütz, Georg Bergmann, Renate List, Barbara Postolka, Marco Hitz, Jörn Dymke, Philipp Damm, Georg Duda, Hans Gerber, Verena Schwachmeyer, Seyyed Hamed Hosseini Nasab, Adam Trepczynski, Ines Kutzner
Combined knowledge of the functional kinematics and kinetics of the human body is critical for understanding a wide range of biomechanical processes including musculoskeletal adaptation, injury mechanics, and orthopaedic treatment outcome, but also for validation of musculoskeletal models. Until now, however, no datasets that include internal loading conditions (kinetics), synchronized with advanced kinematic analyses in multiple subjects have been available. Our goal was to provide such datasets and thereby foster a new understanding of how in vivo knee joint movement and contact forces are interlinked - and thereby impact biomechanical interpretation of any new knee replacement design...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037358/superimposition-of-elastic-and-nonelastic-compression-bandages
#13
Fanette Chassagne, Clothilde Helouin-Desenne, Jérome Molimard, Reynald Convert, Pierre Badel, Pascal Giraux
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the pressure applied by superimposed bandages and to compare it with the pressure applied by single-component bandages. METHODS: Six different bandages, composed of one elastic bandage, one nonelastic bandage, or both, were applied in a spiral pattern on both legs of 25 patients at risk of venous thrombosis as a consequence of central or peripheral motor deficiency. Pressure was measured at four measurement points on the leg (B1 and C on the medial and lateral sides of the leg) and in three positions: supine, sitting, and standing...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037184/low-back-pain-and-causative-movements-in-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Saori Morino, Mika Ishihara, Fumiko Umezaki, Hiroko Hatanaka, Hirotaka Iijima, Mamoru Yamashita, Tomoki Aoyama, Masaki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) during pregnancy might be strongly related to posture and movements of the body, and its management is a clinically important issue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities related to LBP during pregnancy. METHODS: Participants included 275 women before 12 weeks of pregnancy. The women were evaluated at 12, 24, 30, and 36 weeks of pregnancy. The intensity of LBP was assessed using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)...
October 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036904/biopsychosocial-measures-related-to-chronic-low-back-pain-postural-control-in-older-adults
#15
Ryan Hulla, Robert J Gatchel, Angela Liegey-Dougall
This study examined the biopsychosocial measures related to postural control in the growing population of older adults (i.e., 60 years and older). The sample of the study consisted of 129 older adults (M = 74.45, SD = 6.95), with 34 males and 95 females; 36 were classified with chronic low-back pain (CLBP), and 93 without chronic low-back pain (NCLBP). Physical and psychosocial constructs were analyzed as predictors for postural control measures. Additionally, gender and classification of low-back pain were examined as moderators for all physical and psychosocial measures...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035638/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-gait-trainer-in-increasing-the-functionality-of-individuals-with-motor-impairment-a-case-series
#16
Eitan Raveh, Isabella Schwartz, Naama Karniel, Sigal Portnoy
Regaining the ability to independently ambulate following a physical disability can increase functional ability and participation of patients in daily life. Gait trainers are assistive devices that enable body support and provide safety during gait. However, most conventional gait trainers are pre-configured to a constant position, therefore not suitable for practicing sit-to-stand function, and require assistance from a caregiver in order to mount the device from a sitting position. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a dynamically-adjusting gait trainer, designed to provide independence and safety during gait and various activities, in both lab setting and at home in 4 subjects (1 female, 3 males, ages 32-79 years) with limited ambulation...
October 16, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028759/which-domains-of-the-odi-best-predict-change-in-physical-function-in-patients-after-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#17
Hamadi A Murphy, Eugene Warnick, Richard McGintee, Kristen Nicholson, Douglas A Hollern, Christie Stawicki, Daniel Tarazona, Gregory D Schroeder, Barrett I Woods, Mark F Kurd, Jeffrey A Rihn, Greg D Anderson, Christopher K Kepler, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro, Kris E Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Review OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study is to determine the differential improvement of the various individual items of the ODI and to determine their relationship to other measures of HRQOL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The oswestry disability index (ODI) is an easily scored, common, ten-item questionnaire about symptoms relevant to lumbar spine pathology. It is not clear if all of the items can be reliably applied to spine surgery...
October 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020132/the-relationship-between-occupational-standing-and-sitting-and-incident-heart-disease-over-a-12-year-period-in-ontario-canada
#18
Peter Smith, Huiting Ma, Richard H Glazier, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Cameron Mustard
While a growing body of research is examining the impacts of prolonged occupational sitting on cardiovascular and other health risk factors, relatively little work examined the effects of occupational standing. The objectives of this paper were to examine the relationship between occupations that require predominantly sitting, and those that require predominantly standing, and incident heart disease. A prospective cohort study combining responses to a population health survey with administrative health care records, linked at the individual level was conducted in Ontario, Canada...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019274/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-balance-and-mobility-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Freddy Mh Lam, Philip Fl Chan, L R Liao, Jean Woo, Elsie Hui, Charles Wk Lai, Timothy Cy Kwok, Marco Yc Pang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a comprehensive exercise program was effective in improving physical function among institutionalized older adults and whether adding whole-body vibration to the program conferred additional therapeutic benefits. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. SETTING: This study was carried out in residential care units. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 73 older adults (40 women, mean age: 82...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018993/dopaminergic-and-non-dopaminergic-gait-components-assessed-by-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Valeria Dibilio, Alessandra Nicoletti, Giovanni Mostile, Simona Toscano, Antonina Luca, Loredana Raciti, Giorgia Sciacca, Rosario Vasta, Calogero Edoardo Cicero, Donatella Contrafatto, Mario Zappia
The timed up and go test (TUG) is a widely used clinical test for the evaluation of balance and mobility. An instrumented version of TUG (iTUG) has been proposed to provide quantitative information on TUG performances. Here, we hypothesized that L-dopa may differently influence gait parameters recorded by a portable inertial sensor. To test this idea, we evaluated iTUG test in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), both in L-dopa OFF and ON state. Twenty-eight PD patients performed the iTUG. Subjects were instructed to perform the task both in practical "OFF" and "ON" state...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
keyword
keyword
9201
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"