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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678973/involving-the-public-in-epidemiological-public-health-research-a-qualitative-study-of-public-and-stakeholder-involvement-in-evaluation-of-a-population-wide-natural-policy-experiment
#1
Rachel Anderson de Cuevas, Lotta Nylén, Bo Burström, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Public involvement in research is considered good practice by European funders; however, evidence of its research impact is sparse, particularly in relation to large-scale epidemiological research. OBJECTIVES: To explore what difference public and stakeholder involvement made to the interpretation of findings from an evaluation of a natural policy experiment to influence the wider social determinants of health: 'Flexicurity'. SETTING: Stockholm County, Sweden...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674847/good-function-and-high-patient-satisfaction-at-mean-2-8-years-after-dual-mobility-tha-following-femoral-neck-fracture-a-cross-sectional-study-of-124-patients
#2
Steffan Tabori-Jensen, Torben B Hansen, Søren Bøvling, Peter Aalund, Morten Homilius, Maiken Stilling
Aims: Our aim was to investigate function, health status and satisfaction in patients treated with primary dual mobility (DM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) after displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF). Patients and methods: From 2005-2011, 414 consecutive FNF patients received Saturne DM THA. At a minimum of 1-year follow-up, 124 (95 women) were evaluated with Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Harris Hip Score (HHS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measure (EQ-5D) and two functional tests: Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Sit to Stand 10 times (STS)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#3
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673204/older-adults-with-weaker-muscle-strength-stand-up-from-a-sitting-position-with-more-dynamic-trunk-use
#4
Rob C van Lummel, Jordi Evers, Martijn Niessen, Peter J Beek, Jaap H van Dieën
The ability to stand up from a sitting position is essential for older adults to live independently. Body-fixed inertial sensors may provide an approach for quantifying the sit-to-stand (STS) in clinical settings. The aim of this study was to determine whether measurements of STS movements using body-fixed sensors yield parameters that are informative regarding changes in STS performance in older adults with reduced muscle strength. In twenty-seven healthy older adults, handgrip strength was assessed as a proxy for overall muscle strength...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672186/atherosclerosis-of-the-carotid-bulb-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-orthostatic-hypotension-in-non-diabetic-adult-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yusuke Kobayashi, Hiroaki Ishiguro, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Hideo Kobayashi, Koichiro Sumida, Minako Kagimoto, Yuki Okuyama, Yosuke Ehara, Mari Katsumata, Megumi Fujita, Akira Fujiwara, Sanae Saka, Keisuke Yatsu, Nobuhito Hirawa, Yoshiyuki Toya, Gen Yasuda, Satoshi Umemura, Kouichi Tamura
BACKGROUND: The carotid bulb has a high density of baroreceptors that play an important role in maintaining blood pressure. We hypothesized that atherosclerosis of the carotid bulb would reflect the severity of orthostatic hypotension more accurately than would atherosclerosis of other carotid artery segments. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 198 non-diabetic adults. We measured the cardio-vascular ankle index as an index of arterial stiffness, intima-media thickness in each carotid artery segment (internal carotid artery, carotid bulb, distal and proximal portions, respectively, of the common carotid artery) as a measure of atherosclerosis, and heart rate variability as a measure of cardiac autonomic function...
April 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671032/sitting-versus-standing-makes-a-difference-in-musculoskeletal-discomfort-and-postural-load-for-surgeons-performing-vaginal-surgery
#6
Ruchira Singh, Ladin A Yurteri-Kaplan, Melissa M Morrow, Amy L Weaver, Michaela E McGree, Xinhui Zhu, Victor L Paquet, John B Gebhart, Susan Hallbeck
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We compared musculoskeletal discomfort and postural load among surgeons in sitting and standing positions during vaginal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of discomfort and posture of the primary surgeons in both positions was performed at two institutions. The primary outcome was an increase in body discomfort score after surgery as determined from subjective responses using validated tools. The secondary outcome was the percentage of time spent in awkward body postures measured objectively and stratified into awkward postures for neck, trunk, and bilateral shoulder angles...
April 18, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670047/common-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-for-reducing-sedentary-behaviour-among-office-workers
#7
Carla F J Nooijen, Lena V Kallings, Victoria Blom, Örjan Ekblom, Yvonne Forsell, Maria M Ekblom
Qualitative studies identified barriers and facilitators associated with work-related sedentary behaviour. The objective of this study was to determine common perceived barriers and facilitators among office workers, assess subgroup differences, and describe sedentary behaviour. From two Swedish companies, 547 office workers (41 years (IQR = 35–48), 65% women, 66% highly educated) completed questionnaires on perceived barriers and facilitators, for which subgroup differences in age, gender, education, and workplace sedentary behaviour were assessed...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669458/effects-of-dance-exergaming-on-depressive-symptoms-fear-of-falling-and-musculoskeletal-function-in-fallers-and-non-fallers-community-dewlling-older-women
#8
Elisângela Valevein Rodrigues, Luiza Herminia Gallo, Ana Tereza Bittencourt Guimarães, Jarbas Melo Filho, Bruna Cavon Luna, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a pop dance exergaming protocol on fall risk factors-depressive symptoms, fear of falling and musculoskeletal function-in community-dwelling, older female fallers and non-fallers. There were 47 community-dwelling older women assigned to the Intervention Group [fallers (n=10, 69.8 ± 4.3 years); non-fallers (n = 12, 68.9 ± 3.3 years)] or the Control Group [fallers (n = 12, 73.6 ± 5.4 years); non-fallers (n = 13, 68.7 ± 4.8 years)]. The Control Group maintained their lifestyle and the Intervention Group performed a videogame dance training three times per week for 12 weeks...
April 19, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667519/an-investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-performance-of-wheelchair-transfers
#9
Giulia Barbareschi, Catherine Holloway
PURPOSE: Being able to transfer in and out of their wheelchair is an important task for wheelchair users that can be affected by a variety of different factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between personal characteristics, wheelchair users' transferring technique and the other factors that can affect the performance of wheelchair transfers. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study was designed to recruit wheelchair users, aged 18 or older, performing sitting-pivot or standing-pivot wheelchair transfers, independently or with assistance...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663984/pattern-analysis-of-sedentary-behavior-change-after-a-walking-intervention
#10
Ann M Swartz, Chi C Cho, Whitney A Welch, Michael E Widlansky, Hotaka Maeda, Scott J Strath
OBJECTIVES: We examined the pattern of change in sedentary behavior (SB) resulting from a physical activity (PA) intervention in older adults, and the influence of sex on changes in SB. METHODS: One hundred twenty (N = 120) inactive older adults from 2 12-week step/day-target interventions were included in this pooled reanalysis. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (STEP) or control group (CON). A Hip-worn accelerometer (Actigraph) was used to assess SB and PA...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662766/clinical-validation-of-a-body-fixed-3d-accelerometer-and-algorithm-for-activity-monitoring-in-orthopaedic-patients
#11
Matthijs Lipperts, Simon van Laarhoven, Rachel Senden, Ide Heyligers, Bernd Grimm
Background/Objective: Activity is increasingly being recognized as a highly relevant parameter in all areas of healthcare for diagnosis, treatment, or outcome assessment, especially in orthopaedics where the movement apparatus is directly affected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop, describe, and clinically validate a generic activity-monitoring algorithm, satisfying a combination of three criteria. The algorithm must be able to identify, count, and time a large set of relevant daily activities...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662765/a-wearable-exoskeleton-suit-for-motion-assistance-to-paralysed-patients
#12
Bing Chen, Chun-Hao Zhong, Xuan Zhao, Hao Ma, Xiao Guan, Xi Li, Feng-Yan Liang, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Ling Qin, Sheung-Wai Law, Wei-Hsin Liao
Background/Objective: The number of patients paralysed due to stroke, spinal cord injury, or other related diseases is increasing. In order to improve the physical and mental health of these patients, robotic devices that can help them to regain the mobility to stand and walk are highly desirable. The aim of this study is to develop a wearable exoskeleton suit to help paralysed patients regain the ability to stand up/sit down (STS) and walk. Methods: A lower extremity exoskeleton named CUHK-EXO was developed with considerations of ergonomics, user-friendly interface, safety, and comfort...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660960/are-functional-mobility-tests-responsive-to-group-physical-therapy-intervention-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Gessyca Spagnuolo, Christina D C M Faria, Bruna Adriana da Silva, Angélica Cristiane Ovando, Joyce Gomes-Osman, Alessandra Swarowsky
BACKGROUND: The Timed up and go test (TUG), the Five times sit-to-stand test (FTSTS) and the Bed Mobility test (BMT) are widely used in clinical practice for Parkinson Disease (PD). However, no reported studies have evaluated the responsiveness to group physical therapy intervention (GPTI). OBJECTIVE: To verify if TUG, FTSTS and BMT were responsive to GPTI. METHODS: Thirty individuals with PD were assessed prior to and after an 8-week evidence-based GPTI...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658748/cognitive-ability-does-not-predict-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-evidence-from-three-older-cohorts
#14
Iva Čukić, Richard Shaw, Geoff Der, Sebastien F M Chastin, Manon L Dontje, Jason M R Gill, John M Starr, Dawn A Skelton, Ratko Radaković, Simon R Cox, Philippa M Dall, Catharine R Gale, Ian J Deary
Higher cognitive ability is associated with being more physically active. Much less is known about the associations between cognitive ability and sedentary behavior. Ours is the first study to examine whether historic and contemporaneous cognitive ability predicts objectively measured sedentary behavior in older age. Participants were drawn from 3 cohorts (Lothian Birth Cohort, 1936 [LBC1936] [n = 271]; and 2 West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohorts: 1950s [n = 310] and 1930s [n = 119]). Regression models were used to assess the associations between a range of cognitive tests measured at different points in the life course, with sedentary behavior in older age recorded over 7 days...
March 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649083/targeted-distraction-spinal-growth-in-children-with-early-onset-scoliosis-treated-with-a-tail-gating-technique-for-magnetically-controlled-growing-rods
#15
Mihai Mardare, David Christopher Kieser, Adil Ahmad, Thejasvi Subramanian, Shahnawaz Haleem, Chrishan Thakar, James Wilson-MacDonald, Colin Nnadi
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To understand the efficacy of a tail-gating technique (TGT) to mirror the normal spinal growth of children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) treated with magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MCGR allow outpatient distraction and guided spinal growth without the need for repeat surgery. Two techniques (maximal and targeted) are currently employed to determine the distraction amount, however the efficacy of each is unknown...
April 11, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643055/findings-of-the-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-sitting-and-exacerbations-trial-copd-seat-in-reducing-sedentary-time-using-wearable-and-mobile-technologies-with-educational-support-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#16
Mark W Orme, Amie E Weedon, Paula M Saukko, Dale W Esliger, Mike D Morgan, Michael C Steiner, John W Downey, Lauren B Sherar, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: Targeting sedentary time post exacerbation may be more relevant than targeting structured exercise for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Focusing interventions on sitting less and moving more after an exacerbation may act as a stepping stone to increase uptake to pulmonary rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to conduct a randomized trial examining trial feasibility and the acceptability of an education and self-monitoring intervention using wearable technology to reduce sedentary behavior for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to hospital for an acute exacerbation...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625190/sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-patients-exhibit-altered-movement-strategies-when-performing-a-sit-to-stand-task
#17
Robyn A Capobianco, Daniel F Feeney, Jana R Jeffers, Erika Nelson-Wong, Joseph Morreale, Alena M Grabowski, Roger M Enoka
OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ability to rise from a chair is a basic functional task that is frequently compromised in individuals diagnosed with orthopedic disorders in the low back and hip. There is no published literature that describes how this task is altered by sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). PURPOSE: To compare lower extremity biomechanics and the onset of muscle activity when rising from a chair in individuals with SIJD and healthy persons. STUDY DESIGN: Six women with unilateral SIJD and six age-matched healthy controls performed a sit-to-stand task while we measured kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activity...
April 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623011/assessment-of-oral-and-dental-health-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study
#18
Nabila A Sedky
Objectives: Evaluating oral and dental health status in Egyptian children with cerebral palsy (CP) in relation to gross motor skills and types of CP. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at el-Shatby Hospital for Children, Alexandria-Egypt. Oral examination for 62 children with CP between the age ranges 3-12 years was performed and decay missing filling-tooth/decay filling-tooth (DMFT/dft), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and modified gingival index (MGI) indices were charted...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621425/age-related-changes-in-postural-sway-during-sit-to-stand-in-typical-children-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Silvia Leticia Pavão, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To assess age-related changes in postural sway during sit-to-stand (STS) in typical children (TC) and children with mild cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Thirty-five TC and 23 children with mild CP were allocated in four different age groups: 5-6, 7-9, 10-12, and 13-15 years; they all performed STS movements over a force plate. Anterior-posterior and medial-lateral amplitude of center of pressure (CoP) displacement, area and velocity of CoP sway were analyzed and compared between the age groups for TC and children with CP...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618913/evaluation-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-postural-stress-of-female-jari-workers
#20
Amitava Pal, Prakash C Dhara
Aims: The present investigation was aimed to assess the postural stress and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the "Jari" (golden thread) workers. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 156 female workers in different areas of the Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, and Howrah districts of West Bengal, India. Materials and Methods: The MSDs of the workers were evaluated by modified Nordic questionnaire method...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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