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Sit to stand

Victor E Ezeugwu, Neera Garga, Patricia J Manns
PURPOSE: Understanding the determinants of sedentary behaviour (sitting or lying with low energy expenditure) in stroke survivors can enhance the development of successful behaviour change strategies. This qualitative study explored the perceptions of stroke survivors about sedentary behaviour and ways in which it can be changed. METHODS: An interpretative qualitative inquiry was used with thematic analysis of interview data. Interviews were conducted using a semi-structured guide with 13 stroke survivors...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ben Horsburgh, Mike Higgins
Purpose - To quantify through environmental audit the radiation dose urologists receive during surgery in the lithotomy position, and quantify the dose reduction achieved by altering techniques. Materials and Methods - Simulated surgery in the lithotomy position using an anthropomorphic phantom as a patient and a SimMan mannequin as the surgeon. Pulsed fluoroscopy, focus to skin distance, collimation and lead shielding at the table end were individually and collectively introduced following a control study...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
Michael Bursztyn, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and association with mortality of orthostatic hypertension (OHYPER) amongst the oldest old. DESIGN AND METHOD: Two waves from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study of community dwelling residents born in 1920-21 were examined at age of 85 (n = 1004), and 90 (n = 437). Sitting blood pressure (BP) was measured three times on two occasions, averaged and compared to 1 minute standing BP. OHYPER, orthostatic hypotension (OHYPO) or normotension (ONT) were classified if the difference of standing-sitting SBP either increased or decreased by ≥20mmHg, or not...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yusuke Kobayashi, Hideo Kobayashi, Hiroaki Ishiguro, Keisuke Yatsu, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Satoshi Umemura
OBJECTIVE: Though both carotid bulb and aortic arch are known to play important roles in regulation of blood pressure through modulation in baroreflex function, few studies have investigated the association of carotid bulb atherosclerosis and large arterial stiffness and orthostatic blood pressure change. DESIGN AND METHOD: Patients with metabolic disorder such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus underwent measurement of segment-specific carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) (as an index of atherosclerosis of carotid bulb), cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) (as an index for large arterial stiffness), heart rate variability (HRV) (as an index of baroreflex function) and sit-to-stand orthostatic blood pressure change (as a simple method for detecting orthostatic hypotension)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Erika Zemková, Michal Jeleň, Peter Schickhofer, Dušan Hamar
: Background/Study Context: The study estimates the reliability of peak velocity and peak power during chair rising and chair jumping tests and their ability to discriminate between different age and physical activity level groups. METHODS: Physically active and sedentary individuals (N = 262) of different ages (young: 22.9 ± 2.0 years, range: 21-25 years; older: 63.1 ± 1.8 years, range: 61-65 years) performed, in random order, chair rising and chair jumping tests on a force plate...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
Karen L Barker, David Beard, Andrew Price, Francine Toye, Martin Underwood, Avril Drummond, Gary Collins, Susan Dutton, Helen Campbell, Nicola Kenealy, Jon Room, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: The number of knee arthroplasties performed each year is steadily increasing. Although the outcome is generally favourable, up to 15 % fail to achieve a satisfactory clinical outcome which may indicate that the existing model of rehabilitation after surgery may not be the most efficacious. Given the increasing number of knee arthroplasties, the relative limited physiotherapy resources available and the increasing age and frailty of patients receiving arthroplasty surgery, it is important that we concentrate our rehabilitation resources on those patients who most need help to achieve a good outcome...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Michael A Samaan, Benedikt J Schwaiger, Matthew C Gallo, Thomas M Link, Alan L Zhang, Sharmila Majumdar, Richard B Souza
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a morphological abnormality of the hip joint that causes pain when performing a mechanically demanding activity of daily living such as the sit-to-stand (STS) task. Previous studies have assessed lower extremity joint mechanics during a STS task in various pathologies yet the STS task has not been studied in FAI patients. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in joint kinetics and performance between FAI patients and healthy controls during a STS task...
October 8, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Decha Pinkaew, Khanittha Wonglangka, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Jakkrit Klaphajone
Although previously proposed that chronic scleroderma should be cared for clinically and early rehabilitation should be performed in hospital by a chest physical therapist, little evidence is currently available on its benefits. Therefore, this study demonstrated the benefits of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation during hospitalization in a female patient with chronic scleroderma. The aim of rehabilitation was to improve ventilation and gas exchange by using airway clearance, chest mobilization, and breathing-relearning techniques, including strengthening the respiratory system and the muscles of the limbs by using the BreathMax(®) device and elastic bands...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
Leanda McKenna, Xavier Cornwall, Sian Williams
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation may be influenced by static body posture (sitting and standing) and contribute to the development of shoulder pain. Therefore a consistent body posture should be considered when assessing scapular orientation as well as enhancing optimal scapular positioning. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are differences in scapular orientation between standing, neutral sitting and habitual sitting, while adjusting for spinal posture. DESIGN: A single group randomised repeated measures study...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Eijiro Okada, Takashi Tsuji, Kentaro Shimizu, Masanori Kato, Kentaro Fukuda, Shinjiro Kaneko, Jun Ogawa, Kota Watanabe, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto
PURPOSE: To clarify correlations between spinal fracture and delayed paralysis in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) using computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting (CT-MPR). DISH increases susceptibility to unstable spinal fractures, leading to neurological deterioration. The pathomechanism of the neurological injury is unclear. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 42 DISH patients (32 male; 10 female) treated for 45 spinal fractures during a 5-year period...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Ece Çınar, Yeşim Akkoç, Hale Karapolat, Raika Durusoy, Gökhan Keser
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of postural deformities caused by ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on balance problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 29 patients with AS and 21 healthy controls. For assessing exercise capacity and dynamic balance, timed up and go test, five times sit-to-stand test, gait speed, and 6-min walk test were performed. Romberg tests were used to evaluate static balance and proprioception, whereas Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Activity Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), and functional reach test were used to assess dynamic balance and the risk of falling...
March 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Janusz Maciaszek, Natalia Kilan, Michal Bronikowski
BACKGROUND: The goal was to examine the influence of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on one leg standing in children with deficits of the postural stability. METHODS: 28 children 4 - 6 year old that could not stand on one leg for more than 20 seconds were randomly divided into control "C" and experimental "E" groups. Group "C" participated in standard classes in the kindergarten. Group "E" participated in sensory integration therapy (SIT) for 2 weeks, 5 times a week (additionally to the standard classes)...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Il-Young Kim, Sanghee Park, Ting-Heng Chou, Justin R Trombold, Edward F Coyle
The interaction of prolonged sitting with physical exercise for maintaining health is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that prolonged siting would have a deleterious effect on postprandial plasma lipemia (PPL, postprandial plasma triglycerides) and abolish the ability of an acute exercise bout to attenuate PPL. Seven healthy young men performed three interventions over 5 days (D1-5) in a randomized crossover design with > 1 week between interventions: 1) sitting >14h/d with hypercaloric energy balance (SH), 2) sitting >14h/d with net energy balance (SB), and 3) active walking/standing with net energy balance (WB) and sitting 8...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Angela Navarrete-Opazo A, Julio Alcayaga J, Oscar Sepúlveda, Gonzalo Varas
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of combined intermittent hypoxia (IH) and body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on standing and dynamic balance in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). DESIGN: Randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: "Instituto Teletón Santiago" and "Hospital Clínico Mutual de seguridad" in Santiago, Chile. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with ASIA C and D chronic iSCI (> 1 year post-injury) were randomly assigned to either IH plus BWSTT (n=18) or continued normoxia (Nx, placebo) plus BWSTT protocol (n=17)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Sipko Tomasz
Evidence is limited regarding the regional changes in spinal posture after self-correction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether active self-correction improved standing and sitting spinal posture. Photogrammetry was used to assess regional spinal curvatures and vertical global spine orientation (GSO) in 42 asymptotic women aged 20-24 years. Upper thoracic spine angle and GSO increased in response to self-correction, while the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral angles decreased. Self-correction in the standing position resulted in decreased inclination of the upper thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal angles...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Mark Orme, Amie Weedon, Dale Esliger, Paula Saukko, Mike Morgan, Michael Steiner, John Downey, Sally Singh, Lauren Sherar
INTRODUCTION: An acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) marks a critical life event, which can lower patient quality of life and ability to perform daily activities. Patients with COPD tend to lead inactive and highly sedentary lifestyles, which may contribute to reductions in functional capacity. Targeting sedentary behaviour (SB) may be more attainable than exercise (at a moderate-to-vigorous intensity) for behaviour change in patients following an exacerbation...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Kevin O'Gallagher, Evelyn Chou, Swarna Jeyabraba, Aish Sinha, Daniel Robb, Jonathan Byrne
An 80-year-old female presented with progressive breathlessness, worse on sitting or standing and relieved by lying flat. Subsequent investigations identified a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with right-to-left flow across the interatrial septum (IAS). A diagnosis of platypnoea orthodeoxia syndrome secondary to inter-atrial shunting was made. Technical features precluded a percutaneous PFO closure so an open surgical repair was performed with complete resolution of symptoms. We discuss the pathophysiology and management of platypnoea orthodeoxia syndrome...
October 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Florian Monjo, Nicolas Forestier
Muscle fatigue modifies the gain between motor command magnitude and the mechanical muscular response. In other words, post-fatigue, central drives to the muscles must increase to maintain a particular submaximum mechanical output. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that this modified gain can be predicted by the central nervous system (CNS) during discrete ballistic movements. In two separate experiments, subjects were required to perform shoulder flexions in standing and sitting positions at submaximum target peak accelerations...
September 30, 2016: Neuroscience
Rochelle Tobin, Justine Leavy, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: Office-based staff spend around three quarters of their work day sitting. People who sit for long periods while at work are at greater risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study aimed to determine the effect of sit-stand workstations on office-based staff sedentary and physical activity behaviors, work ability and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: A two-group pre-post study design assessed changes in sedentary and physical activity behaviors (time spent sitting, standing and stepping and sit-stand transitions and number of steps taken) work ability and physical and mental health...
September 29, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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