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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#1
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211821/progressive-intervention-strategy-for-the-gait-of-sub-acute-stroke-patient-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-tool
#2
Tae-Woo Kang, Heon-Seok Cynn
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) provides models for functions and disabilities. The ICF is presented as a frame that enables organizing physical therapists' clinical practice for application. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to describe processes through which stroke patients are assessed and treated based on the ICF model. METHODS: The patient was a 65-year-old female diagnosed with right cerebral artery infarction with left hemiparesis...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198638/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-arch-flexibility-a-proposed-arch-flexibility-classification-system-for-the-description-of-multi-dimensional-foot-structure
#3
Rebecca Avrin Zifchock, Christal Theriot, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Michael Neary
BACKGROUND: The correlation between arch structure and injury may be related to the fact that foot structure influences foot function. Foot structure is often defined by arch height, although arch flexibility may be just as important to form a more complete description. We propose an arch flexibility classification system, analogous to arch height classification, and then use the classification system to examine the relationship between arch flexibility and arch height. METHODS: Arch height index was calculated in 1,124 incoming military cadets, of whom 1,056 had usable data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198603/training-intensity-and-sagittal-curvature-of-the-spine-in-male-and-female-artistic-gymnasts
#4
Jose M Sanz-Mengibar, Pilar Sainz-DE-Baranda, Fernando Santonja-Medina
BACKGROUND: Specific adaptations of the spine in the sagittal plane have been described according to different sports disciplines. The goal of this study was to describe the integrative diagnosis of the sagittal morphotype of the spine in male and female artistic gymnasts. METHODS: 48 gymnasts were measured with an inclinometer. Thoracic and Lumbar curves were quantified in standing position, in Sit and Reach and Slump Sitting in order to assess the sagittal spine posture and analyze if adaptations were related to training intensity...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193707/arterial-pressure-heart-rate-and-cerebral-hemodynamics-across-the-adult-life-span
#5
Chang-Yang Xing, Takashi Tarumi, Rutger L Meijers, Marcel Turner, Justin Repshas, Li Xiong, Kan Ding, Wanpen Vongpatanasin, Li-Jun Yuan, Rong Zhang
Age-related alterations in systemic and cerebral hemodynamics are not well understood. The purpose of this study is to characterize age-related alterations in beat-to-beat oscillations in arterial blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), cerebral blood flow (CBF), cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, and dynamic cerebral autoregulation across the adult life span. We studied 136 healthy adults aged 21 to 80 years (60% women). Beat-to-beat BP, HR, and CBF velocity were measured at rest and during sit-stand maneuvers to mimic effects of postural changes on BP and CBF...
February 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#6
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188010/the-1-min-sit-to-stand-test-in-cystic-fibrosis-insights-into-cardiorespiratory-responses
#7
Thomas Radtke, Helge Hebestreit, Milo A Puhan, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize the cardiopulmonary response during a 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test and compare peak exercise cardiorespiratory variables to a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in cystic fibrosis (CF). We further aimed to assess the validity of the STS power index (PowerSTS) as a measure of exercise capacity. METHODS: Fifteen adult CF patients performed spirometry, CPET and the 1-min STS test with respiratory gas analysis. RESULTS: Peak-exercise cardiorespiratory variables during the 1-min STS test correlated strongly (r=0...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180004/associations-of-sit-up-ability-with-sarcopenia-classification-measures-in-japanese-older-women
#8
REVIEW
Takashi Abe, Yu Yaginuma, Eiji Fujita, Robert S Thiebaud, Masashi Kawanishi, Takuya Akamine
To test the hypothesis that sit-up performance is associated with sarcopenia classification measures, 93 older women aged 53-78 years were divided into three groups based on achieved repetitions (30 s) for the sit-up performance test: Group 0 (G 0, n = 33) performed 0 repetitions, Group 1-9 (G 1-9, n = 30) performed between 1 and 9 repetitions, and Group 10+ (G 10+, n = 30) performed over 10 repetitions. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean soft tissue mass (aLM), handgrip strength (HGS), usual walking speed, and chair stand were measured, and low muscle mass (aLM index) and poor physical function were defined according to previous studies...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178773/postural-control-of-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-compared-to-healthy-participants-tug-frt-and-center-of-pressure-movement
#9
Sigal Portnoy, Shlomit Reif, Tom Mendelboim, Debbie Rand
BACKGROUND: Balance impairments are common following stroke, and may lead to loss of independent functional mobility and falls. Previous studies strived to come up with precise measures of postural control, which will provide a better prognostic power for the health status and safety of the individual. To date, the degree of difference in postural control measures between individuals with chronic stroke and healthy participants is not reported. Also there are no reported correlations between these measures and the Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG) and the Functional Reach Test (FRT)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174457/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-three-functional-tests-forward-lunge-step-up-over-and-sit-to-stand
#10
Carmen Luque-Siles, Tomas Gallego-Izquierdo, Jose Jesus Jímenez-Rejano, Susana Granados de-la-Orden, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Africa López-Illescas-Ruiz, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Natalia Romero-Franco, Patricia Martín-Casas, Daniel Pecos-Martín
[Purpose] To examine the intrasession and intersession reliability and the absolute reliability of three functional dynamic tests-forward-lunge, step-up-over and sit-to-stand tests-using computerized dynamic posturography. [Subjects and Methods] An intra-test and test-retest, repeated measure study was designed. Forty-five healthy subjects twice carried out the forward-lunge test, step-up-over test, and sit-to-stand test on two days, one week apart. The intrasession and intersession reliabilities as judged by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the minimal detectable change of the three functional tests were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174446/influence-of-time-restriction-20-minutes-and-94-6-months-of-visual-information-on-angular-displacement-during-the-sit-to-stand-sts-task-in-three-planes
#11
Mozhgan Faraji Aylar, Faramarz Firouzi, Mandana Rahnama Araghi
[Purpose] The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether or not restriction of visual information influences the kinematics of sit-to-stand (STS) performance in children. [Subjects and Methods] Five girls with congenital blindness (CB) and ten healthy girls with no visual impairments were randomly selected. The girls with congenital blindness were placed in one group and the ten girls with no visual impairments were divided into two groups of five, control and treatment groups. The participants in the treatment group were asked to close their eyes (EC) for 20 minutes before the STS test, whereas those in the control group kept their eyes open (EO)...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166824/in-lab-versus-at-home-activity-recognition-in-ambulatory-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Mark V Albert, Yohannes Azeze, Michael Courtois, Arun Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Although commercially available activity trackers can aid in tracking therapy and recovery of patients, most devices perform poorly for patients with irregular movement patterns. Standard machine learning techniques can be applied on recorded accelerometer signals in order to classify the activities of ambulatory subjects with incomplete spinal cord injury in a way that is specific to this population and the location of the recording-at home or in the clinic. METHODS: Subjects were instructed to perform a standardized set of movements while wearing a waist-worn accelerometer in the clinic and at-home...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#13
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153851/transverse-myelitis-as-manifestation-of-celiac-disease-in-a-toddler
#14
Hilde Krom, Fleur Sprangers, René van den Berg, Marc Alexander Benninga, Angelika Kindermann
We present a 17-month-old girl with rapidly progressive unwillingness to sit, stand, play, and walk. Furthermore, she lacked appetite, vomited, lost weight, and had an iron deficiency. Physical examination revealed a cachectic, irritable girl with a distended abdomen, dystrophic legs with paraparesis, disturbed sensibility, and areflexia. An MRI scan revealed abnormal high signal intensity on T2-weighted images in the cord on the thoracic level, without cerebral abnormalities, indicating transverse myelitis (TM)...
February 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148236/how-did-the-public-respond-to-the-2015-expert-consensus-public-health-guidance-statement-on-workplace-sedentary-behaviour-a-qualitative-analysis
#15
Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith, Louise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, an expert consensus guidance statement was published recommending that office workers accumulate 2-4 h of standing and light activity daily and take regular breaks from prolonged sitting. This paper describes public responses to media coverage of the guidance, so as to understand public acceptability of the recommendations within the guidance, and perceptions of sitting and standing as health behaviours. METHODS: UK news media websites that had reported on the sedentary workplace guidance statement, and permitted viewers to post comments responding to the story, were identified...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#16
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138134/time-spent-in-sedentary-posture-is-associated-with-waist-circumference-and-cardiovascular-risk
#17
W W Tigbe, M H Granat, N Sattar, M E J Lean
BACKGROUND: The relationship between metabolic risk and time spent sitting, standing and stepping has not been well established. The present study aimed to determine associations of objectively measured time spent siting, standing and stepping, with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of healthy non-smoking Glasgow postal workers, n=111 (55 office-workers, 5 women, and 56 walking/delivery-workers, 10 women), who wore activPAL physical activity monitors for seven days...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137928/efficiency-of-physical-therapy-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
A Hugues, J Di Marco, P Janiaud, Y Xue, J Pires, H Khademi, M Cucherat, I Bonan, F Gueyffier, G Rode
INTRODUCTION: Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy. Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence. The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess which PT is more effective. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search several databases from inception to October 2015...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137531/effects-of-a-12-week-program-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-and-physical-functioning-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#19
Jo-Han Chang, Malcolm Koo, Sheng-Wen Wu, Chiu-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that exercise training in patients with end-stage renal disease could improve their physical functioning and quality of life. Nevertheless, few studies have evaluated the effects of Tai Chi exercise in patients on hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a Tai Chi exercise intervention on the quality of life and physical functioning in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN: A pre-post experimental design...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132589/northwestern-university-flexible-subischial-vacuum-socket-for-persons-with-transfemoral-amputation-part-2-description-and-preliminary-evaluation
#20
Stefania Fatone, Ryan Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Current transfemoral prosthetic sockets are problematic as they restrict function, lack comfort, and cause residual limb problems. Development of a subischial socket with lower proximal trim lines is an appealing way to address this problem and may contribute to improving quality of life of persons with transfemoral amputation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the use of a new subischial socket in two subjects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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