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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422556/the-acute-effects-of-breaking-up-seated-office-work-with-standing-or-light-intensity-walking-on-interstitial-glucose-concentration-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#1
Laura A Brocklebank, Rob C Andrews, Angie Page, Catherine L Falconer, Sam Leary, Ashley Cooper
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomised, three-period, three-treatment crossover trial was to examine the acute effects of regularly breaking up seated office work with short bouts of standing or light-intensity walking on postprandial interstitial glucose concentration. METHODS: Seventeen middle-aged office workers performed three five-hour trial conditions at their workplace in a random order: 1) uninterrupted sitting; 2) sitting interrupted by two minutes of standing every 20 minutes; and 3) sitting interrupted by two minutes of light-intensity walking every 20 minutes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420562/progression-of-untreated-mild-thoracic-scheuermann-s-kyphosis%C3%A2-%C3%A2-radiographic-and-functional-assessment-after-mean-follow-up-of-46%C3%A2-years
#2
Leena Ristolainen, Jyrki A Kettunen, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Dietrich Schlenzka
BACKGROUND: There is no data available on the radiographic development of the Scheuermann's deformity. Our purpose was to investigate radiographic deformity progression and the relation between kyphosis progression and clinical outcome in patients with untreated Scheuermann's kyphosis. METHODS: Thoracic kyphosis (Th4-Th12) was measured from standing lateral radiographs in 19 patients at baseline and after mean 46-year follow-up. Mean age at baseline was 19.2 and at follow-up 64...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417649/internal-dysregulation-of-the-renin-system-in-patients-with-stable-liver-cirrhosis
#3
Annette Dam Fialla, Helle C Thiesson, Peter Bie, Ove B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Aleksander Krag
Sodium retention in cirrhosis is associated with changes in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We hypothesized that in cirrhosis the acute reactions of RAAS and SNS to volume expansion are qualitatively intact, but occurring from elevated baseline levels. Acute cardiovascular, neurohumoral and renal responses to central blood volume changes were studied in cirrhotic patients and healthy controls. In patients, baseline plasma renin concentration (PRC) was elevated 5-fold compared to controls (p < ...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415885/fatigue-and-pain-limit-independent-mobility-and-physiotherapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#4
Kristine H Münter, Christopher G Clemmesen, Nicolai B Foss, Henrik Palm, Morten T Kristensen
PURPOSE: The patient's ability to complete their planned physiotherapy session after hip fracture surgery has been proposed as an independent predictor for achieving basic mobility independency upon hospital discharge. However, knowledge of factors limiting mobility is sparse. We therefore examined patient reported factors limiting ability to complete planned physiotherapy sessions as well as limitations for not achieving independency in basic mobility early after hip fracture surgery...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410327/the-activpaltm-accurately-classifies-activity-intensity-categories-in-healthy-adults
#5
Kate Lyden, Sarah Kozey Keadle, John Staudenmayer, Patty S Freedson
The activPAL (AP) monitor is well established for distinguishing sitting, standing, and stepping time. However, its validity in predicting time in physical activity intensity categories in a free-living environment has not been determined. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the validity of the AP in estimating time spent in sedentary, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a free-living environment. METHODS: Thirteen participants (mean ± SD age = 24...
May 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405691/-customised-early-mobilisation-how-about-a%C3%A2-little-bit-more
#6
S Nessizius
Early mobilisation of patients in intensive care starts in a multiprofessional team with passive techniques continuing with assistive measures and finally going on to active training including mobilisation leading to sitting and standing positions as well as walking. Positive effects regarding these procedures have been proved in numerous studies and can also be found in the revision of the S2e guideline "Positioning and early mobilisation in prophylaxis or therapy of pulmonary disorders". In order to work with regard to the resources of the patient in intensive care, of the multiprofessional team, of the ward-specific structures and of the used equipment it is vital to apply a customised mobilisation concept...
April 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403907/platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-in-the-right-lateral-decubitus-position-a-case-report
#7
Ippei Tsuzuki, Kamon Iigaya, Takashi Matsubara, Shunsuke Takagi, Taku Inohara, Yasuyuki Ohgino, Toshio Imafuku
BACKGROUND: Platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by dyspnea and hypoxia when the patient is sitting or standing. Here we report a case of platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome caused by a right hemidiaphragmatic elevation with giant liver cyst that triggered a right-to-left shunt through the patent foramen ovale. This case report is the first presentation of a case secondary to hemidiaphragmatic elevation with giant liver cyst. In addition to this, a malposition of the pacemaker lead could be associated with platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome in this case...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402474/the-nursing-home-physical-performance-test-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-women-in-long-term-care-using-item-response-theory
#8
Subashan Perera, David A Nace, Neil M Resnick, Susan L Greenspan
Background and Objectives: The Nursing Home Physical Performance Test (NHPPT) was developed to measure function among nursing home residents using sit-to-stand, scooping applesauce, face washing, dialing phone, putting on sweater, and ambulating tasks. Using item response theory, we explore its measurement characteristics at item level and opportunities for improvements. Research Design and Methods: We used data from long-term care women. We fitted a graded response model, estimated parameters, and constructed probability and information curves...
April 11, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401689/progressive-resistance-training-prt-improves-rheumatoid-arthritis-outcomes-a-district-general-hospital-dgh-model
#9
Klara Morsley, Berna Berntzen, Lisa Erwood, Toby Bellerby, Lyn Williamson
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid cachexia is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and develops soon after diagnosis, despite adequate drug therapy. It is associated with multiple adverse effects on body composition, function and mortality. Progressive resistance training (PRT) improves these outcomes but is not widely prescribed outside of a research setting. The aim of the present study was to explore the practicality and effectiveness of providing PRT to patients in a district general hospital within the constraints of existing resources...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400724/influence-of-cervical-spine-mobility-on-the-focal-and-postural-components-of-the-sit-to-stand-task
#10
Alain Hamaoui, Caroline Alamini-Rodrigues
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of cervical spine mobility on the focal and postural components of the sit-to-stand transition, which represent the preparatory and execution phases of the task, respectively. Sixteen asymptomatic female participants (22 ± 3 years, 163 ± 0,06 cm, 57,5 ± 5 kg), free of any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders, performed six trials of the sit-to-stand task at maximum speed, in four experimental conditions varying the mobility of the cervical spine by means of three different splints...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392859/whole-body-vibration-training-during-a-low-frequency-outpatient-exercise-training-program-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Marc Spielmanns, Rainer Gloeckl, Jana Marie Gropp, Christoph Nell, Andreas Rembert Koczulla, Tobias Boeselt, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate whether whole-body vibration training (WBVT) can be applied beneficially within an outpatient low frequency exercise program. METHODS: In a prospective, controlled, randomized study, WBVT effectiveness and safety were investigated in COPD stage II-IV patients undergoing a 3-month training program. Participants took part in a 90-min circuit training once a week. On top patients were randomized to either perform squats with WBVT, or without (conventional training group (CTG))...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392324/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-timed-up-and-go-motor-test-for-people-with-chronic-stroke
#12
Peggy P K Chan, Joyce I F Si Tou, Mimi M Y Tse, Shamay S M Ng
OBJECTIVES: To examine: (1) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of the timed up and go (motor) test (TUGmotor) in terms of the number of steps taken and completion time with a chronic stroke population; (2) the relationship between stroke-specific impairments and the number of steps taken in the test and the completion time; (3) the minimal detectable change in TUGmotor times; and (4) the cut-off time which best discriminates the performance of people with stroke from that of healthy older adults...
April 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391199/automatic-human-movement-assessment-with-switching-linear-dynamic-system-motion-segmentation-and-motor-performance
#13
Roberto de Souza Baptista, Antonio Padilha Lanari Bo, Mitsuhiro Hayashibe
Performance assessment of human movement is critical in diagnosis and motor-control rehabilitation. Recent developments in portable sensor technology enable clinicians to measure spatiotemporal aspects to aid in the neurological assessment. However the extraction of quantitative information from such measurements is usually done manually through visual inspection. This paper presents a novel framework for automatic human movement assessment that executes segmentation and motor performance parameter extraction in time-series of measurements from a sequence of human movements...
July 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#14
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388939/auto-detection-and-segmentation-of-daily-living-activities-during-a-timed-up-and-go-task-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-using-multiple-inertial-sensors
#15
Hung Nguyen, Karina Lebel, Patrick Boissy, Sarah Bogard, Etienne Goubault, Christian Duval
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors have the potential to provide clinicians with access to motor performance of people with movement disorder as they undergo intervention. However, sensor data often have to be manually classified and segmented before they can be processed into clinical metrics. This process can be time consuming. We recently proposed detection and segmentation algorithms based on peak detection using Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) to automatically identify and isolate common activities during daily living such as standing up, walking, turning, and sitting down...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388808/needle-gauge-and-tip-designs-for-preventing-post-dural-puncture-headache-pdph
#16
REVIEW
Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Luis Muñoz, Natalia Godoy-Casasbuenas, Agustín Ciapponi, Jimmy J Arevalo, Sabine Boogaard, Marta Roqué I Figuls
BACKGROUND: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the most common complications of diagnostic and therapeutic lumbar punctures. PDPH is defined as any headache occurring after a lumbar puncture that worsens within 15 minutes of sitting or standing and is relieved within 15 minutes of the patient lying down. Researchers have suggested many types of interventions to help prevent PDPH. It has been suggested that aspects such as needle tip and gauge can be modified to decrease the incidence of PDPH...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387658/do-turkish-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-know-body-mechanics
#17
Sacide Yildizeli Topcu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Most common and important cause of the low back pain is lumbar disc herniation. Patients with lumbar disc herniation face with difficulties during daily activities due to the reduction of physical functions. In order to maintain daily activities without pain and discomfort, the patients should be informed about proper positions and body mechanics. The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and the applications of the patients with lumbar disc herniation about body mechanics...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385735/prior-exercise-and-standing-as-strategies-to-circumvent-sitting-induced-leg-endothelial-dysfunction
#18
Takuma Morishima, Robert M Restaino, Lauren K Walsh, Jill A Kanaley, Jaume Padilla
We have previously shown that local heating or leg fidgeting can prevent prolonged sitting-induced leg endothelial dysfunction. However, whether physical activity prevents subsequent sitting-induced leg endothelial dysfunction remains unknown. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that sitting-induced leg endothelial dysfunction would be prevented by prior exercise. We also examined if, in the absence of exercise, standing is an effective alternative strategy to sitting for conserving leg endothelial function. Fifteen young healthy subjects completed three randomized experimental trials: 1) sitting without prior exercise; 2) sitting with prior exercise; and 3) standing without prior exercise...
April 6, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383399/poststroke-alterations-in-heart-rate-variability-during-orthostatic-challenge
#19
Joel Rodriguez, Andrew Philip Blaber, Markus Kneihsl, Irhad Trozic, Rebecca Ruedl, David A Green, James Broadbent, Da Xu, Andreas Rössler, Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, Franz Fazekas, Nandu Goswami
Older adults following recovery from ischemic stroke have a higher incidence of orthostatic hypotension, syncope, and fall risk, which may be related to impaired autonomic responses limiting the ability to maintain cerebral blood flow. Thus, we investigated cerebrovascular and cardiovascular regulation in 23 adults ≥55 years of age, 10 diagnosed with ischemic stroke, and 13 age-matched healthy controls when sitting at rest and upon standing to compare differences of autonomic variables at ∼7 months (218 ± 41 days) poststroke...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379922/sensor-fusion-to-infer-locations-of-standing-and-reaching-within-the-home-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Luca Lonini, Timothy Reissman, Jose M Ochoa, Chaithanya K Mummidisetty, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of rehabilitation after spinal cord injury is to enable successful function in everyday life and independence at home. Clinical tests can assess whether patients are able to execute functional movements but are limited in assessing such information at home. A prototype system is developed that detects stand-to-reach activities, a movement with important functional implications, at multiple locations within a mock kitchen. DESIGN: Ten individuals with incomplete spinal cord injuries performed a sequence of standing and reaching tasks...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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