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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236062/measuring-activity-performance-of-older-adults-using-the-activpal-a-rapid-review
#1
REVIEW
Charice S Chan, Susan E Slaughter, C Allyson Jones, Carla Ickert, Adrian S Wagg
Current measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviors such as questionnaires and functional assessments are insufficient to provide comprehensive data on older adults. In response, the use of activity monitors has increased. The purpose of this review was to summarize and assess the quality of observational literature on activity measuring of older adults using the activPAL activity monitor. Seventeen databases and a bibliography, compiled by the activPAL creators, were searched. Articles were included if they were in English, were peer-reviewed, included people 65 years or older, measured activity using the activPAL and reported at least one of the following outcomes: step count, hours upright, hours sitting/lying, hours stepping, or hours standing...
December 13, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235967/effect-of-alternating-postures-on-cognitive-performance-for-healthy-people-performing-sedentary-work
#2
Bernhard Schwartz, Jay M Kapellusch, Andreas Schrempf, Kathrin Probst, Michael Haller, Arnold Baca
Prolonged sitting is a risk factor for several diseases and the prevalence of worksite-based interventions such as sit-to-stand workstations is increasing. Although their impact on sedentary behaviour has been regularly investigated, the effect of working in alternating body postures on cognitive performance is unclear. To address this uncertainty, forty-five students participated in a two-arm, randomized controlled cross-over trial under laboratory conditions. Subjects executed validated cognitive tests (working speed, reaction time, concentration performance) either in sitting or alternating working postures on two separate days (ClinicalTrials...
December 13, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232263/can-the-critically-ill-patient-generate-sufficient-energy-to-facilitate-exercise-in-the-icu
#3
Danielle E Bear, Selina M Parry, Zudin A Puthucheary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Trials of physical rehabilitation post critical illness have yet to deliver improved health-related quality of life in critical illness survivors. Muscle mass and strength are lost rapidly in critical illness and a proportion of patients continue to do so resulting in increased mortality and functional disability. Addressing this issue is therefore fundamental for recovery from critical illness. RECENT FINDINGS: Altered mitochondrial function occurs in the critically ill and is likely to result in decreased adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP) production...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229367/the-energy-cost-of-steady-state-physical-activity-in-acute-stroke
#4
Sharon Flora Kramer, Toby Cumming, Julie Bernhardt, Liam Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness levels are very low after stroke, indicating that the majority of stroke survivors are unable to independently perform daily activities. Physical fitness training improves exercise capacity poststroke; however, the optimal timing and intensity of training is unclear. Understanding the energy cost of steady-state activity is necessary to guide training prescription early poststroke. We aimed to determine if acute stroke survivors can reach steady state (oxygen-uptake variability ≤2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228124/association-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-muscle-function-in-older-persons-who-have-fallen
#5
Lisanne Tap, Nicole D A Boyé, Klaas A Hartholt, Tischa J M van der Cammen, Francesco U S Mattace-Raso
Background: studies suggest that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is less reliable in older persons and that a low serum-creatinine might reflect reduced muscle mass rather than high kidney function. This study investigates the possible relationship between eGFR and multiple elements of physical performance in older fallers. Methods: baseline data of the IMPROveFALL-study were examined in participants ≥65 years. Serum-creatinine based eGFR was classified as normal (≥90 ml/min), mildly reduced (60-89 ml/min) or moderately-severely reduced (<60 ml/min)...
December 8, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225811/regular-exercise-during-haemodialysis-promotes-an-anti-inflammatory-leucocyte-profile
#7
Maurice Dungey, Hannah M L Young, Darren R Churchward, James O Burton, Alice C Smith, Nicolette C Bishop
Background: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients and is highly predicted by markers of chronic inflammation. Regular exercise may have beneficial anti-inflammatory effects, but this is unclear in HD patients. This study assessed the effect of regular intradialytic exercise on soluble inflammatory factors and inflammatory leucocyte phenotypes. Methods: Twenty-two HD patients from a centre where intradialytic cycling was offered thrice weekly and 16 HD patients receiving usual care volunteered...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225469/pelvic-vein-incompetence-clinical-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
David M Riding, Vivak Hansrani, Charles McCollum
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 24% of premenopausal women, accounts for 20%-30% of UK gynecology outpatient appointments, and has an annual pan-European economic cost of €3.8 billion. Despite extensive investigation, often including laparoscopy, up to 55% of women do not receive a diagnosis and endure persistent symptoms. In these patients, clinical management focuses on symptom control rather than treatment. It is possible that pelvic vein incompetence (PVI) is a cause of CPP, although the quality of studies investigating an association is generally low...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224021/comparison-of-muscle-mass-indices-using-computed-tomography-or-dual-x-ray-absorptiometry-for-predicting-physical-performance-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Seok Hui Kang, Hyun Seok Lee, Sukyung Lee, Ji-Hyung Cho, Jun Chul Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our study aims to evaluate the association between thigh muscle cross-sectional area (TMA) using computed tomography (CT), or appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and physical performance levels in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients were included if they were on HD for ≥6 months (n = 84). ASM and TMA were adjusted to body weight (BW, kg) or height2 (Ht2, m2). Each participant performed a short physical performance battery test (SPPB), a sit-to-stand for 30 second test (STS30), a 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), a timed up and go test (TUG), and hand grip strength (HGS) test...
December 7, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223495/estimation-of-spinal-joint-centers-from-external-back-profile-and-anatomical-landmarks
#10
A Nerot, W Skalli, X Wang
Defining a subject-specific model of the human body is required for motion analysis in many fields, such as in ergonomics and clinical applications. However, locating internal joint centers from external characteristics of the body still remains a challenging issue, in particular for the spine. Current methods mostly require a set of rarely accessible (3D back or trunk surface) or operator dependent inputs (large number of palpated landmarks and landmarks-based anthropometrics). Therefore, there is a need to provide an alternative way to estimate joint centers only using a limited number of easily palpable landmarks and the external back profile...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218768/relationships-between-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-concentration-and-parameters-for-health-scores-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Mitsugu Hachisu, Masahiro Hashizume, Hisashi Kawai, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Shuichi Obuchi, Kazushige Ihara
AIM: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been implicated in the progression of neuronal survival, phenotyping differentiation and maintenance of various neurons, as well as neurogenesis. We studied how BDNF affects health parameters of older adults by carrying out a health examination of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We measured the serum BDNF concentration of 898 older adults aged 65-84 years who participated in regional health examinations in the Tokyo area and also measured various parameters, such as the thickness of the quadriceps femoris, percentage of body fat, body mass index, grip strength, frequency of walking, and use of sleeping drugs and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
December 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218759/impact-of-pain-and-functional-impairment-in-us-adults-with-haemophilia-patient-reported-outcomes-and-musculoskeletal-evaluation-in-the-pain-functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-p-fiq-study
#12
C L Kempton, M Recht, A Neff, M Wang, T W Buckner, A Soni, D Quon, M Witkop, L Boggio, R Z Gut, D L Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Standardized and disease-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments assessing pain, functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with haemophilia (PWH) have been used in studies, but infrequently in comprehensive care settings for individual assessment or treatment planning. AIM: To assess the impact of pain and functional impairment on HRQoL in PWH. METHODS: P-FiQ enrolled 381 adult PWH with a history of joint pain/bleeding and included 5 PROs and a clinical joint evaluation (Hemophilia Joint Health Score v2...
December 8, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216860/-the-end-of-sitting-in-a-public-space-observations-of-spontaneous-visitors
#13
Lidewij R Renaud, Maaike A Huysmans, Erwin M Speklé, Allard J van der Beek, Hidde P van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Sitting too much has been associated with negative health outcomes. 'The End of Sitting' is a newly developed office landscape that moves away from the traditional chair-desk setup. The landscape aims to reduce sitting time by offering a variety of (supported) standing positions. The aim of this study was to determine the usage of the landscape after being placed in the main entrance hall of the VU University in Amsterdam. METHODS: We observed the number of spontaneous visitors as well as the duration of visits, changes to another location within the landscape, and adopted postures...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212492/using-patient-data-to-optimize-an-expert-based-guideline-on-convalescence-recommendations-after-gynecological-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Esther V A Bouwsma, Johannes R Anema, A Vonk Noordegraaf, Henrica C W de Vet, Judith A F Huirne
BACKGROUND: Convalescence advice is often based on tradition and anecdote from health care providers, rather than being based on experiences from patients themselves. The aim of this study was to analyse recovery in terms of resumption of various daily activities including work, following different laparoscopic and abdominal surgery in order to optimize an expert-based guideline on convalescence recommendations. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study conducted in nine general and one university hospital in the Netherlands...
December 6, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210956/motor-skills-of-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-circuit-study
#15
Anna-Luisa Häcker, Jean-Luc Bigras, Mélanie Henderson, Tracie A Barnett, Marie-Eve Mathieu
During childhood, excessive weight is negatively associated with the development of motor skills, with children with overweight or obesity having poorer motor skills compared to children with normal weight. The objectives of the current study are to identify the differences in motor skills between children and adolescent with obesity and severe obesity and the extent of this difference. To do so, we examined cross-sectionally 165 subjects. Physical fitness was analyzed in both participants with obesity (>97-99...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210935/performance-of-different-timed-up-and-go-subtasks-in-frailty-syndrome
#16
Juliana Hotta Ansai, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Paulo Giusti Rossi, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait speed, mobility, and postural transitions should be taken into account in older adults with frailty syndrome and can be assessed by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test. However, it is unclear which TUG subtasks have greater influence in identifying frail people and whether prefrail individuals present with any reduced subtask performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in performance of TUG subtasks between frail, prefrail, and nonfrail older adults...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209539/proposing-development-and-utility-of-a-mobility-composite-measure-in-patients-with-a-neurologic-disorder
#17
Chad Swank, Sattam Almutairi, Ann Medley
Background: Outcome measures typically assess single domains making holistic assessment difficult. Our purpose was to develop a mobility composite measure (MCM) based on four commonly used outcome measures and compare this composite score to the individual measures in patients with neurologic disorders. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 148 medical records for inclusion of primary neurologic diagnosis and scoring for 5 times sit-to-stand test (5TSST), 10-meter walk test (10MWT), 2-minute walk test (2MWT), and activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209512/the-resit-study-reducing-sitting-time-rationale-and-protocol-for-an-exploratory-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-sitting-time-among-office-workers
#18
Benjamin Gardner, Stephen Dewitt, Lee Smith, John P Buckley, Stuart J H Biddle, Louise Mansfield
Background: Desk-based workers engage in long periods of uninterrupted sitting time, which has been associated with morbidity and premature mortality. Previous workplace intervention trials have demonstrated the potential of providing sit-stand workstations, and of administering motivational behaviour change techniques, for reducing sitting time. Yet, few studies have combined these approaches or explored the acceptability of discrete sitting-reduction behaviour change strategies. This paper describes the rationale for a sitting-reduction intervention that combines sit-stand workstations with motivational techniques, and procedures for a pilot study to explore the acceptability of core intervention components among university office workers...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208007/a-pilot-study-to-determine-the-effect-of-one-physical-therapy-session-on-physical-activity-levels-for-individuals-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Wayne Brewer, Brian T Swanson, Toni S Roddey, Habeeblai Adewale, Caleb Ashmore, Jennifer Frerich, Cory Perrin, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: A pilot study was conducted to quantify the effect size of changes in physical activity after of one session of physical therapy for individuals with chronic low back pain and to determine factors that predict daily sedentary activity time. METHODS: Fourteen subjects with at least 3 days of physical activity accelerometer data were analyzed before and after one session of physical therapy. Data was analyzed using 1-tailed, paired t-tests with level of significance set at 0...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207899/effect-of-a-mat-pilates-program-with-theraband%C3%A2-on-dynamic-balance-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-feasibility-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Irimia Mollinedo, Jose Maria Cancela, María Helena Vila Suarez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of a physical exercise program based on Mat Pilates with TheraBand® on the dynamic balance of a sample population diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHOD: After random selection, 26 participants were allocated to a Mat Pilates group or a control group where they performed calisthenics exercises. Both interventions lasted 12 weeks and involved two weekly sessions of 60 minutes. Assessments took place at baseline, 12 weeks after the intervention started and 4 weeks after the intervention was completed using the Body Mass Index (BMI), the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test with Wiva® sensors, the 30 Second Chair Stand test and the Five Times Sit to Stand test...
December 5, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
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