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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771624/virtual-reality-training-to-enhance-behavior-and-cognitive-function-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-brief-report
#1
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#2
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758574/-relationship-between-the-use-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-and-regional-capacities-for-medical-and-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-mental-disorders-in-westphalia
#3
Elena Köckerling, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Bettina Hesse
BACKGROUND: Regional disparities in mental health care are well known and become apparent in inadequate treatment capacities and long waiting time for psychotherapeutic treatment. Hence, the authors assume that there is a shift from curative to rehabilitative care. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between regional treatment capacities and the use of psychosomatic rehabilitation on behalf of the German Statutory Pension Insurance Westphalia (i. e...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756987/can-pediatricians-recognize-eating-disorders-a-case-study-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-male-child
#4
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak
INTRODUCTION: this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa investigated for possible organic pathologies at the pediatric ward...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746845/detection-of-stress-and-the-effects-of-central-nervous-system-depressants-by-gastrointestinal-smooth-muscle-electromyography-in-wakeful-rats
#5
K F Szűcs, G Grosz, M Süle, A Sztojkov-Ivanov, E Ducza, A Márki, A Kothencz, L Balogh, R Gáspár
AIMS: The altered gut-brain interaction can be in the background of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the GI tract, the slow-wave myoelectric signals can be detected by electromyography (EMG). The aims of our study were to follow up the stress induced alteration in the GI tract by smooth muscle EMG in wakeful rats. MAIN METHODS: The GI tract myoelectric activity of male rats was measured by an electrode pair under the abdominal skin, the responses were detected and analyzed by a software using fast Fourier transformation...
May 7, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#6
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664808/trends-in-pharmacological-emergency-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-schizophrenia-over-a-16-year-observation-period
#7
Monika Edlinger, Anna-Sophia Welte, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Georg Kemmler, Felix Neymeyer, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer
Patients suffering from schizophrenia are often treated in locked psychiatric units because of psychomotor agitation, hostility and aggressive behavior, or suicidality. Because of legal conditions, investigations on these acutely ill patients are difficult, and many studies do not represent 'real-life psychiatry'. This retrospective survey was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics of the Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. Data were collected from the records of all adult inpatients suffering from a schizophrenia spectrum disorder according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed...
April 16, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664670/psychosomatic-disorders-a-clinical-perspective-and-proposed-classification-system
#8
Karishma M Desai, Alka D Kale, Pushpak U Shah, Shivendra Rana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621822/-web-based-field-studies-on-diagnostic-classification-and-code-assignment-of-mental-disorders-comparison-of-icd-11-and-icd-10
#9
Wolfgang Gaebel, Mathias Riesbeck, Jürgen Zielasek, Ariane Kerst, Eva Meisenzahl-Lechner, Volker Köllner, Matthias Rose, Tobias Hofmann, Ingo Schäfer, Annett Lotzin, Peer Briken, Verena Klein, Franziska Brunner, Jared W Keeley, Tahilia J Rebello, Howard F Andrews, Geoffrey M Reed, Nenad F I Kostanjsek, Alkomiet Hasan, Pamina Russek, Peter Falkai
The German Society for Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy (DGPPN,) conducted a comprehensive field study (principal investigator WG) funded by the German Federal Ministry of Health in cooperation with 4 other German medical societies in the field of mental health (DGPM, DGPPR, DeGFS, DGfS) * to support WHO's development of the ICD-11 (Chapters 6 and 17). The objective of the web-based field study was to compare ICD-10 and ICD-11 (beta draft) for selected mental disorders, regarding consistency, accuracy and assessment of utility...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618626/demoralization-in-parkinson-disease
#10
Brian B Koo, Christopher A Chow, Divya R Shah, Farhan H Khan, Brittani Steinberg, Danielle Derlein, Keerthana Nalamada, Kiran Sai Para, Vikramjeet M Kakade, Amar S Patel, John M de Figueiredo, Elan D Louis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated features of demoralization in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Participants with PD and controls were prospectively recruited from outpatient movement disorder clinics and the community. Demoralization was defined as scoring positively on the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research, Demoralization questionnaire or Kissane Demoralization Scale score ≥24. Depression was defined as Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10...
April 4, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#11
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613836/il-17-induces-cellular-stress-microenvironment-of-melanocytes-to-promote-autophagic-cell-apoptosis-in-vitiligo
#12
Jia Zhou, Xiaohong An, Jinjin Dong, Yichuan Wang, Hui Zhong, Lanlan Duan, Jingjing Ling, Fengfeng Ping, Jing Shang
Vitiligo is a depigmentary disorder that develops as a result of the progressive disappearance of epidermal melanocytes. Stress can precipitate or exacerbate a skin disease through psychosomatic mechanisms. Stress exposure induces vitiligo-like symptoms in mice, as cellular damage to melanocytes cause synthetic pigment loss. Stress also increases IL-17, IL-1β, and antimelanocyte IgG in model mice serum. Up-regulation of the IL-1β transcript in patients suggests its possible role in autoimmune pathogenesis of vitiligo...
April 3, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#13
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
May 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580705/-consultation-liaison-addiction-medicine-tools-and-specificities
#14
P Poloméni, G Cleirec, C Icard, A Ramos, B Rolland
Since the 1970s, the concept of "consultation/liaison (CL) psychiatry" has pertained to specialized mobile teams which meet inpatients hospitalized in non-psychiatric settings to offer them on-the-spot psychiatric assessment, treatment, and, if needed, adequate referral. Since the birth of CL psychiatry, a long set of theoretical books and articles has aimed at integrating CL psychiatry into the wider scope of psychosomatic medicine. In the year 2000, a circular issued by the Health Ministry defined the organization of "CL addiction services" in France...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568790/treatment-changes-in-general-practice-patients-with-chronic-mental-disorders-following-a-psychiatric-psychosomatic-consultation
#15
Michael Linden, Beate Muschalla, Nils Noack, Christoph Heintze, Susanne Doepfmer
Objective: To determine whether a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultation can identify unmet treatment needs and improve treatment of patients with mental disorders in general practice. Methods: In 40 primary care practices, 307 consecutive primary patients who met criteria for chronic mental disorders were assessed by a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultant. After random assignment, general practitioners (GPs) were informed for half of the patients about the results of the assessment and received recommendations on how to improve treatment...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563965/avoiding-diagnostic-errors-in-psychosomatic-medicine-a-case-series-study
#16
Atsuko Koyama, Yoichi Ohtake, Kanae Yasuda, Kiyohiro Sakai, Ryo Sakamoto, Hiromichi Matsuoka, Hirokuni Okumi, Toshiko Yasuda
Background: Non-organic lesions or diseases of unknown origin are sometimes misdiagnosed as "psychogenic" disorders or "psychosomatic" diseases. For the quality of life and safety of patients, recent attention has focused on diagnostic error. The aim of this study was to clarify the factors that affected misdiagnoses in psychosomatic medicine by examining typical cases and to explore strategies that reduce diagnostic errors. Case presentation: The study period was from January 2001 to August 2017...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536178/dizziness-in-europe-from-licensed-fitness-to-drive-to-licence-without-fitness-to-drive
#17
Doreen Huppert, Dominik Straumann, Mans Magnusson, Ilmari Pyykkö, Thomas Brandt
A common European Community driving licence was established in 1980. However, there are major differences among the countries as regards medical conditions that legally affect driving ability. This article discusses various assessment guidelines for dizzy patients. These range from a total absence of specified binding requirements in Finland or regulations open to clinical interpretation in Switzerland, to inappropriately strict regulations in Germany. We focus on requirements for patients with vestibular disorders in Germany which have been in force since 2014...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516358/-position-paper-about-the-care-of-refugees-a-statement-about-the-psychosocial-health-care-of-refugees
#18
REVIEW
Carryn Danzinger, Matthäus Fellinger, Waltraud Fellinger-Vols, Georg Psota, Johannes Wancata, Alice Wimmer, Thomas Wochele-Thoma
This paper is general statement about the psychosocial care of refugees, developed by the of the Austrian Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics as well as by the Austrian Society for Social Psychiatry. Reasons of recent wave of refugees and the usual mental disorders among refugees are described. The increasing number of refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants poses a challenge for mental health services in Europe. As a consequence, several expert recommendations were given. As a first step, basic needs of refugees such as regular housing facilities, sufficient nutrition and safety in everyday life should be met...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501551/the-relationship-of-depression-with-the-level-of-blood-pressure-in-population-based-kangbuk-samsung-health-study
#19
Sung Keun Park, Ju Young Jung, Jae-Hong Ryoo, Chang-Mo Oh, Jae-Hon Lee, Zihang Pan, Rodrigo B Mansur, Margarita Shekotikhina, Roger S McIntyre, Joong-Myung Choi
There has been increasing evidence about psychosomatic relationship between mood disorder and blood pressure (BP). However, the degree to which BP categories are associated with depression has been less well described. Thus, this study was to investigate the association of depression with BP categories. A total of 90,643 men and 68,933 women were enrolled in this study. They were stratified into four groups (normal, prehypertension, newly diagnosed hypertension, and recognized hypertension) according to the BP levels and the history of hypertension...
May 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494374/stress-reduction-in-postcardiac-surgery-family-members-implementation-of-a-postcardiac-surgery-tool-kit
#20
Lauren Breisinger, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline
The intensive care unit (ICU) can be a place of stress, anxiety, and emotional instability for both patients and families. Medical and nursing care during this acute time is patient focused, and family members are often left in the dark. Unintentional exclusion from information results in high levels of stress, anxiety, and uncertainty for families. Due to the acuity of illness, family members of cardiac surgery patients experience the highest levels of stress. Spouses may experience intense psychosomatic symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and fear for several months after the surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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