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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056066/what-do-patients-think-about-the-cause-of-their-mental-disorder-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-causal-beliefs-of-mental-disorder-in-inpatients-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#1
Julia Luise Magaard, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
BACKGROUND: Patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorders are important for treatment because they affect illness-related behaviours. However, there are few studies exploring patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorder. OBJECTIVES: (a) To qualitatively explore patients' causal beliefs of their mental disorder, (b) to explore frequencies of patients stating causal beliefs, and (c) to investigate differences of causal beliefs according to patients' primary diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#2
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
: Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011445/drivers-and-barriers-to-acceptance-of-web-based-aftercare-of-patients-in-inpatient-routine-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Severin Hennemann, Manfred E Beutel, Rüdiger Zwerenz
BACKGROUND: Web-based aftercare can help to stabilize treatment effects and support transition after inpatient treatment, yet uptake by patients seems limited in routine care and little is known about the mechanisms of adoption and implementation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) determine acceptance of Web-based aftercare and (2) explore its drivers and barriers in different subgroups of a mixed inpatient sample. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 38...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989331/juvenile-fibromyalgia-a-primary-pain-or-pain-processing-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Lawrence Zemel, Peter R Blier
Juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), a chronic disorder of widespread musculoskeletal pain in combination with autonomic, sensory, and cognitive dysfunction, is responsible for considerable morbidity and impaired quality of life in affected patients and their families. Historically, fibromyalgia has been incorrectly characterized as a psychosomatic or psychogenic disorder, but new understanding of the science of pain has demonstrated unambiguously that it is an organic disorder of the pain processing system itself...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981375/-coercive-measures-in-german-hospitals-for-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy-a%C3%A2-pilot-study-by-the-dgppn-to-evaluate-a%C3%A2-uniform-assessment-instrument
#5
K Adorjan, T Steinert, E Flammer, A Deister, M Koller, M Zinkler, S C Herpertz, S Häfner, F Hohl-Radke, K H Beine, P Falkai, G Gerlinger, O Pogarell, T Pollmächer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A simple instrument to record case-related coercive measures was tested as part of a pilot project of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN). METHODS: To assess coercive measures data were collected for 3 months in 8 German hospitals for psychiatry and psychotherapy. The type of measures used, the main diagnosis and the legal basis for the coercive measures were documented. RESULTS: In the sample studied, coercive measures were applied in 8% of cases...
December 15, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977263/award-for-distinguished-career-contributions-to-education-and-training-in-psychology-roger-p-greenberg
#6
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Career Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology is given in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. The Career designation is added to the award at the discretion of the Education and Training Awards Committee to recognize continuous significant contributions made over a lifelong career in psychology...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957531/noradrenaline-from-locus-coeruleus-neurons-acts-on-pedunculo-pontine-neurons-to-prevent-rem-sleep-and-induces-its-loss-associated-effects-in-rats
#7
Mudasir Ahmad Khanday, Bindu I Somarajan, Rachna Mehta, Birendra Nath Mallick
Normally, rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) does not appear during waking or non-REMS. Isolated, independent studies showed that elevated noradrenaline (NA) levels inhibit REMS and induce REMS loss-associated cytomolecular, cytomorphological, psychosomatic changes and associated symptoms. However, the source of NA and its target in the brain for REMS regulation and function in health and diseases remained to be confirmed in vivo. Using tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-siRNA and virus-coated TH-shRNA in normal freely moving rats, we downregulated NA synthesis in locus coeruleus (LC) REM-OFF neurons in vivo...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941206/-psychosomatic-issues-in-the-rehabilitation-of-motor-organs
#8
Mariola Żuk
The relation between bodily health and mental health has been observed since ancien Times. Ancient teachers of the art of medicine advised to treat a person not an illness. Facination with the discoveries concerning the cell was the reason why investigation of somatic illnesses concentrated more and more on exploring physiology , ignoring mental aspects. Psychoanalysis, on the other hand considered mental sphere as the source of all illnesses. Although psychoanalitical approach is still controversial psychologists and doctors are still trying to find relations between personality traits and illnesses...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941205/-between-mind-and-body-psychologicall-methods-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#9
Judyta Jabłońska-Brzozowska
According to the currently prevailing trends in medicine in restoring the psychosomatic unity of human, it is important to ask the question about the function and role of psychology in the rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorder, MSD. In this article authors present the theoretical basis of psychical and body rehabilitation of patients with MSD. In the first part of this article, problem of the prevalence of MSD in population, its biological, psychological and social components and its impact on the economy of the country, have been discussed...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936901/psychosomatic-patients-in-integrated-care-which-treatment-mediators-do-we-have-to-focus-on
#10
Karoline Parth, Ania Rosar, Kurt Stastka, Timo Storck, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
The field of psychosomatics has gained increasing significance; it has been struggling to establish its position as either an independent discipline or a subdomain of specific areas such as internal medicine or psychiatry. However, the rise of psychosomatic syndromes and disease patterns as well as an increase of specific integrated psychosomatic wards is a clear indication for the growing importance of interdisciplinary approaches to psychosomatic disorders. The study presents data from an 8-week inpatient treatment at a psychosomatic facility and investigates whether patients improved in their subjective symptom experience...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933098/psychosomatic-problems-among-medical-students-a-myth-or-reality
#11
J M Chinawa, Ada R C Nwokocha, Pius C Manyike, Awoere Tamunosiki Chinawa, Elias C Aniwada, Appolos Chidi Ndukuba
BACKGROUND: Medical students are exposed to stress and this can predispose them to psychological and behavioral consequences. METHODS: Psychosomatic disorders were investigated among 385 medical students from two teaching hospitals using a stratified random sampling. The Enugu somatization Scale (ESS) was used to evaluate for presence of somatization in the participants. Statistical analysis was done with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPPS) version 19 (Chicago IL)...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923245/-follow-up-care-in-the-field-of-medical-rehabilitation-concerning-psychosomatic-indications-based-on-the-new-conceptual-framework-of-the-german-pension-insurance
#12
N Boes
Mental disorders rank first amongst all causes for disability pensions and second in the field of medical rehabilitation. Especially alarming is the significantly lower age of entry of the mentally ill disability pensioners, compared to those with other indications. Mentally ill people often look back at a long history of diseases before getting in contact with the German pension insurance. In this regard the German pension insurance, which is obligated to effectively support people in order to keep them in working life until reaching the regular retirement age, is facing a big challenge, which stands right next to further demands, due to the demographic change, the increase of chronic diseases, multimorbidity, retirement age of 67 and changes in the working environment...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#13
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923239/-motivational-and-volitional-determinants-of-applying-for-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#14
M Bethge, E Peters, E Michel, F M Radoschewski, K Spanier
Objective: Analyses of motivational and volitional determinants of applying for psychosomatic rehabilitation Methods: Determinants of a rehabilitation request were assessed by a questionnaire in 2013. Applications for psychosomatic rehabilitation measures until the end of 2014 were extracted from administrative data records. Included were employees with mental disorders. Results: Only 55 of 974 persons requested a rehabilitation measure. The intention to apply for a rehabilitation measure was strongest determined by self-efficacy and family and professional support...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922565/a-perspective-on-brain-gut-communication-the-american-gastroenterology-association-and-american-psychosomatic-society-joint-symposium-on-brain-gut-interactions-and-the-intestinal-microenvironment
#15
Olga C Aroniadis, Douglas A Drossman, Magnus Simren
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain-gut communication and the intestinal microenvironment have been implicated in a variety of medical and neuropsychiatric diseases. Three central areas require basic and clinical research: (1) how the intestinal microenvironment interacts with the host immune system, central nervous system and enteric nervous system; (2) the role of the intestinal microenvironment in the pathogenesis of medical and neuropsychiatric disease; (3) the effects of diet, prebiotics, probiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation on the intestinal microenvironment and the treatment of disease...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#16
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905389/-lipid-profile-and-psychometric-traits-in-patients-with-psychosomatic-disorders-and-chronic-cerebral-ischemia
#17
A V Shevchenko, B M Doronin, V B Kuznetsova, T G Amstislavskaya
AIM: To explore the correlation of serum cholesterol and triglycerides with psychometric traits in patients with psychosomatic disorders and chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients with CCI, aged from 46 to 76 years, were examined. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in the blood. A battery of tests for assessment of cognitive functions and neurotic traits was used. RESULTS: The level of cholesterol was higher in patients with post-infarction cardiosclerosis (PICS) compared to patients with CCI without psychosomatic disorders but did not differ from that in patients with gastric ulcer (GU)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#18
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876129/metabolic-syndrome-a-truly-psychosomatic-disorder-a-global-hypothesis
#19
Shrikant Madhukar Ghike
Exact cause of the metabolic syndrome [MS], a global epidemic, is still unclear. Man has same fundamental needs to live as animals but modern man's life-style compels him to acquire certainty of resources for all his needs in a complex social network. Today money has become the sole life essential need. Contrarily none of the animals needs to earn money. Brain is also an organ of the human body with a unique thought process to define logical actions to achieve a person's goals. This way life is a flow of desires followed by logical actions...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855438/how-to-prevent-depression-current-directions-and-future-challenges-in-children-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#20
Anna Felnhofer, Oswald D Kothgassner, Claudia Klier
With its high rates of chronicity and concomitant economic costs to society, depression ranges among the most prevalent mental disorders. Several trials have succeeded in demonstrating the beneficial effects of early depression prevention programs for otherwise healthy children and adolescents. However, comparable programs for children and adolescents with a medical condition are still scarce. This paper discusses the situation of chronically ill children and adolescents who are at risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms using the example of three conditions frequently encountered in pediatric psychosomatic medicine: diabetes, epilepsy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
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