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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352375/-aspects-of-liaison-psychiatry-care-of-patients-in-a%C3%A2-university-pain-clinic
#1
M Brinkers, G Pfau, C Schneemilch
BACKGROUND: Owing to a rise of psychosomatic comorbidities, the treatment of psychological disorders, which may negatively impact prognosis and therapy, is increasingly becoming a focus of attention for pain outpatient clinics. AIM: This study investigates and discusses the advantages of liaison psychiatric care in a university pain clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated all patients who presented to an anaesthesiologically led pain clinic between January and June 2014...
January 19, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351711/-beck-anxiety-inventory-german-version-a-reliable-valid-patientfriendly-instrument-for-measuring-clinical-anxiety
#2
Edgar Geissner, Anne Huetteroth
The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is available in German. Apart from data in its manual, there are no further reports on the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and on its suitability for clinical use in Germany. This study therefore offers an independent investigation into the psychometrics as well as the clinical characteristics of the BAI. Three samples with n=145, n=90, and n=174 comprised inpatients diagnosed with anxiety disorders and treated in a large psychosomatic hospital. In addition to the BAI, the clinician rating Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HamA), the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as well as the two anxiety subscales of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL 90) were used to establish convergent validity...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#3
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#4
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#5
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333218/impact-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-on-myocardial-function-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-female-patients-with-microvascular-angina
#6
Bong Joon Kim, In Suk Cho, Kyoung Im Cho
Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a structured group program that employs mindfulness meditation to alleviate suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic, and psychiatric disorders. In this study, we investigate the impact of MBSR on left ventricular (LV) and endothelial function in female patients with microvascular angina. Methods: A total of 34 female patients (mean age 52.2 ± 13.8 years) diagnosed with microvascular angina underwent a MBSR program with anti-anginal medication for 8 weeks...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323520/spectrum-of-embitterment-manifestations
#7
Michael Linden, Max Rotter
OBJECTIVE: Embitterment is seen in reaction to injustice, vilification, or humiliation. Similar to anxiety, it is known to everybody, but it can also occur in the context of mental disorders and even become an illness in itself. The goal of the present study is to describe the spectrum of the types, rate, intensity, and clinical context of embitterment manifestations. METHOD: The posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) self-rating scale was used to screen for reactive embitterment in 1,479 psychosomatic inpatients...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#8
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#9
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214946/psychosomatic-and-psychosocial-questions-regarding-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know-or-what-do-we-think-we-know
#10
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214080/hint1-in-neuropsychiatric-diseases-a-potential-neuroplastic-mediator
#11
REVIEW
Peng Liu, Zhongwei Liu, Jiabei Wang, Xiancang Ma, Yonghui Dang
Although many studies have investigated the functions of histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1), its roles in neurobiological processes remain to be fully elucidated. As a member of the histidine triad (HIT) enzyme superfamily, HINT1 is distributed in almost every organ and has both enzymatic and nonenzymatic activity. Accumulating clinical and preclinical evidence suggests that HINT1 may play an important role as a neuroplastic mediator in neuropsychiatric diseases, such as schizophrenia, inherited peripheral neuropathies, mood disorders, and drug addiction...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194437/an-introduction-to-the-psycho-physiological-stress-test-ppst-a-standardized-instrument-for-evaluating-stress-reactions
#12
Elisabeth Neureiter, Loreen Hajfani, Anne Ahnis, Annett Mierke, Matthias Rose, Gerhard Danzer, Burghard F Klapp
Using a standardized instrument to evaluate patients' stress reactions has become more important in daily clinical routines. Different signs or symptoms of stress are often unilaterally explored: the physiological, psychological or social aspects of stress disorders are each viewed on a single dimension. However, all dimensions afflict patients who have persistent health problems due to chronic stress. Therefore, it is important to use a multidimensional approach to acquire data. The 'Psycho-Physiological-Stress-Test' (PPST) was established to achieve a comprehensive understanding of stress and was further developed at the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin in collaboration with the Psychological Department of Freie Universität Berlin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183102/-spectrum-and-frequency-of-adhd-related-symptoms-and-minimal-cerebral-brain-dysfunctions-in-psychosomatic-inpatients
#13
Michael Linden, Nils Noack, Volker Köllner
Objective ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorders) and MCD (minimal cerebral dysfunctions) can impair participation. They pose difficult diagnostic problems. Aim of the present study has been to describe the frequency and the spectrum of ADHD and MCD in psychosomatic inpatients. Methods 1453 psychosomatic inpatients filled in the ADHS-SB and the MCD-TLS-FB screening for self-reported ADHD and minimal cerebral dysfunctions. Prevalence rates were calculated depending on different intensities of symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170825/-psychosomatic-medicine-in-old-age
#14
Wolfgang Söllner, Christina Wunner, Elisabeth Wentzlaff, Corinne Reichhart, Barbara Stein
Approximately 25% of people over 65 years old suffer from psychiatric disorders but in cases of simultaneously occurring somatic diseases the prevalence is increased. Sickness, loss of important reference persons and life crises in older age often reactivate traumatic experiences from earlier life stages. It can be difficult to differentiate between psychological disorders and the psychological symptoms accompanying somatic illness. The biographic medical history and estimation of cognitive skills within a geriatric basis assessment should be standard in geriatric diagnostics...
November 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118523/three-cases-of-hair-loss-analyzed-by-the-point-of-view-of-the-analytical-psychology
#15
Ademir Carvalho Leite Júnior, Tatiele Katzer, Denise Gimenez Ramos
Psychotrichology is the science, which covers the psychosomatics applied to hair problems, i.e., body-psyche phenomena involving scalp and hair disorders. The approaches involving psychotricology are varied and may include psychiatric,[1] psychoanalytical,[23] and those involving knowledge related to analytical psychology.[4] An analysis from the analytical psychology point of view, a theory developed by the physician Carl Gustav Jung, favors a symbolic view to the disease, providing it attributions and meanings that go beyond those related to physical body signs and symptoms only...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042883/feasibility-of-the-korean-version-of-the-bipolar-depression-rating-scale-in-adolescents-with-early-onset-bipolar-disorder
#16
Da-Young Lee, Eun-Kyung Won, Jung-Won Choi, Hye Ji Min, Jayoun Kim, Kyooseob Ha, Yunglyul Lee, Jae Seung Chang, Yeni Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the feasibility and psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Bipolar Depression Rating Scale (BDRS) in adolescents with Early-onset bipolar disorders. METHODS: Fifty-three participants (aged 13-18) with early-onset bipolar disorders (40 depressed and 18 euthymic, 5 patients were assessed at depressed state and reassessed after remission) were recruited. All participants were assessed using the BDRS, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), the Montgomery-Asperg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and the Modified Overt Aggression scale (MOAS)...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042763/quality-of-life-and-physical-activity-in-an-older-working-age-population
#17
Daniel Puciato, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Michał Rozpara
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity can be an effective means of prevention and therapy of many psychosomatic disorders. It can also have a significant impact on the quality of life of older working-age people. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationships between quality of life and physical activity in older working-age people from Wrocław, Poland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 1,013 people, including 565 women and 448 men, aged 55-64 years (59...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042526/-differential-diagnosis-of-immune-mediated-encephalopathies-neurological-symptoms-of-diffuse-brain-damage-a-new-concept
#18
Yoshimitsu Maki, Hiroshi Takashima
In recent years, incidence of autoimmune encephalopathies has increased. The diagnosis of the severe form of autoimmune encephalopathy is not difficult; however, milder forms can be misdiagnosed as general encephalopathies. We often treat Hashimoto's encephalopathy, which has diverse clinical symptoms and is often misdiagnosed as a psychosomatic disease. We have found that the neurological findings and symptoms of patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy are similar to those of psychogenic diseases, such as giveway weakness and atypical sensory disorder...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036950/-to-attach-great-importance-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-psychosomatic-disorders-in-internal-medicine
#19
W Z Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987290/medical-student-experiences-on-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-rotations-a-nationwide-survey
#20
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
August 2, 2017: Psychosomatics
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