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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289792/-stalking-of-psychiatrists-and-psychotherapists-results-of-an-online-survey
#1
P Praus, S Riedel-Heller, H Dressing
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are clear indications that due to their exposed occupational position psychiatrists and psychotherapists are at a higher risk than the general public to become the victim of stalking by patients. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the frequency of stalking and its psychosocial impact among psychiatrists and psychotherapists in the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: Analysis of an online survey among members of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) from 23 September 2015 until 22 October 2015...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285469/health-related-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-compared-to-patients-from-a-psychosomatic-inpatient-hospital
#2
Alexandra Osterhues, Thomas von Lengerke, Julian W Mall, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Past research indicated high psychiatric comorbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients seeking surgical treatment for obesity. This study investigated if preoperative bariatric surgery patients perceive equally poor HRQOL and increased levels of anxiety and depression as mentally ill patients. METHODS: The study included four groups: 192 bariatric surgery candidates (PRE, 71% women, BMI 48.35 ± 8.98 kg/m(2)), 96 psychotherapy inpatients with mental disorders (PSY, 77% women, BMI 27...
March 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274346/depression-management-within-gp-centered-health-care-a-case-control-study-based-on-claims-data
#3
Antje Freytag, Markus Krause, Thomas Lehmann, Sven Schulz, Florian Wolf, Janine Biermann, Jürgen Wasem, Jochen Gensichen
OBJECTIVE: For most patients with depression, GPs are the first and long-term medical providers. GP-centered health care (GPc-HC) programs target patients with chronic diseases. What are the effects of GPc-HC on primary care depression management? METHOD: An observational retrospective case-control study was conducted using health insurance claims data of patients with depressive disorder from July 2011 to December 2012. RESULTS: From 40,298 patients insured with the largest health plan in Central Germany participating in the GPc-HC program (intervention group, IG), we observed 4645 patients with depression over 18months: 72...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267822/occlusal-dysesthesia-a-clinical-report-on-the-psychosomatic-management-of-a-japanese-patient-cohort
#4
Hitoshi Oguchi, Yu Yamauchi, Yasuyo Karube, Nobue Suzuki, Katsushi Tamaki
PURPOSE: A cohort of Japanese patients diagnosed with occlusal dysesthesia (OD) was clinically analyzed for psychosomatic background, management, and treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 61 patients (17 men and 44 women) who met the OD criteria. Treatment outcomes were categorized as improvement, interruption, and transfer to another department. RESULTS: The diagnosed OD was resolved in 25 patients (41%), 20 patients (33%) discontinued treatment, 13 (21%) were referred or transferred to other specialties such as psychiatry, and 3 (5%) continued to receive treatment following an engagement period of 3 months, 2 years, and 5 years, respectively...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252587/-the-peculiar-features-of-the-psychosomatic-status-in-the-patients-presenting-with-the-spondylogenic-and-cochleovestibular-disorders
#5
S V Morozova, L E Shempeleva
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the psychosomatic status in the patients with chronic vertebrogenic and cochleovestibular disorders The psychosomatic status was evaluated in 117 patients at the age from 21 to 65 years presenting with these conditions using the psychometric tests based on the STAI questionnaire (the state-trait anxiety inventory) adapted for the determination of the level of reactive and personal anxiety. It was shown that the vestibular disorders, tympanophonia, and hearing impairment have a negative influence on the psychogenic status of the patients suffering from cochleovestibulopathy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236619/comparison-between-acupuncture-and-biofeedback-as-adjunctive-treatments-for-primary-insomnia-disorder
#6
Hsien-Te Huang, Shang-Lun Lin, Chi-Hung Lin, Dong-Sheng Tzeng
Context • Insomnia affects from 5% to 35% of the general population worldwide. Primary insomnia disorder is the most frequently diagnosed, sleep-related disorder. Pharmacological treatments remain the most widely used treatments for insomnia. Nonpharmacological treatments for primary insomnia disorder have been found to be effective. Objective • This study intended to determine the appropriateness of acupuncture and biofeedback as adjuncts to medication for primary insomnia disorder. Design • The research team designed a randomized, controlled study...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226067/-drug-abuse-and-eating-disorders-in-women-symptoms-of-gender-discomfort
#7
Regina Helena Simões-Barbosa, Sônia Maria Dantas-Berger
The article discusses drug abuse and eating disorders from the critical gender and healthcare perspectives, postulating that subjective suffering can be expressed in the body through psychosomatic illnesses. From this perspective, craving for drugs or superfluous consumer goods, just as illness from self-imposed hunger in pursuit of an ideal of slimness, as in anorexia and bulimia, can be symptoms that expose the woman's suffering. A review in the fields of public health and feminist theories highlights the magnitude of the phenomena of medicalization and commodification of health in the psychiatrization of female discomfort...
February 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219099/-associations-of-the-employment-status-during-the-first-2-years-following-medical-rehabilitation-and-long-term-occupational-trajectories-implications-for-outcome-measurement
#8
J Holstiege, R Kaluscha, S Jankowiak, G Krischak
Study Objectives: The aim was to investigate the predictive value of the employment status measured in the 6(th), 12(th), 18(th) and 24(th) month after medical rehabilitation for long-term employment trajectories during 4 years. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted based on a 20%-sample of all patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation funded by the German pension fund. Patients aged <62 years who were treated due to musculoskeletal, cardiovascular or psychosomatic disorders during the years 2002-2005 were included and followed for 4 consecutive years...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213676/-psychosomatic-disorders-of-the-scalp
#9
REVIEW
W Harth
Psychosomatic disorders of the scalp have some special characteristics due to the visibility, possible stigmatization, and amount/patterns of hair. Of practical relevance is trichotillomania, which is now classified as an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Patients who are obsessed with normal physiological hair loss represent a further psychodermatological challenge. Psychosomatic therapy includes basic psychosomatic care, behavior therapy, or treatment with psychopharmaceuticals.
February 17, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190663/iranian-voice-quality-of-life-profile-ivqlp-factor-analysis
#10
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Ronald C Scherer, Ali Asgari, Payman Dabirmoghadam
OBJECTIVES: An important domain in health-related quality of life evaluations is quality of life perceptions due to having a voice disorder. The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Iranian Voice Quality of Life Profile (IVQLP) based on Exploratory Factor Analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 280 patients (174 males and 106 females) diagnosed with MTD, benign organic disorders such as polyps and nodules, and unilateral vocal fold paralysis and cancer...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188399/-erratum-to-guideline-oriented-inpatient-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-psychosomatic-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-how-many-personnel-are-need
#11
B Bandelow, U Lueken, J Wolff, F Godemann, C Wolff-Menzler, J Deckert, A Ströhle, M Beutel, J Wiltink, K Domschke, M Berger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152541/alexithymia-and-plaque-psoriasis-preliminary-investigation-in-a-clinical-sample-of-250-patients
#12
Marina Talamonti, Marco Galluzzo, Stella Servoli, Simone D'Adamio, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psoriasis as a dermatological disorder has complex effects on mental health and the psychological status of the patient. Many authors proposed that assessing how psoriasis affects a patient's life is better than a body surface area measurement for delineating psoriasis severity. Alexithymia is a personality dimension characterized by difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings, and externally oriented thinking observed in many clinical conditions, especially in psychosomatic disorders...
February 3, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150800/alexithymia-and-personality-traits-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
D La Barbera, B Bonanno, M V Rumeo, V Alabastro, M Frenda, E Massihnia, M C Morgante, L Sideli, A Craxì, M Cappello, M Tumminello, S Miccichè, L Nastri
Psychological factors, specific lifestyles and environmental stressors may influence etiopathogenesis and evolution of chronic diseases. We investigate the association between Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) and psychological dimensions such as personality traits, defence mechanisms, and Alexithymia, i.e. deficits of emotional awareness with inability to give a name to emotional states. We analyzed a survey of 100 patients with IBD and a control group of 66 healthy individuals. The survey involved filling out clinical and anamnestic forms and administering five psychological tests...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147408/-psychodynamic-traumatherapy-of-refugees-with-ptsd-and-somatisation
#14
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Johannes Kruse
The medical care of refugees and asylum seekers requires culturally sensitive and diverse structuring of the healthcare. In the psychotherapeutic and psychosomatic treatment of these patients the culture-specific and social aspects and also the high ratio of patients with post traumatic stress disorders and somatoform disorders have to be considered. The principles of stabilizing psychodynamic traumatherapie of refugees will be introduced, which efficacy was determined by controlled study. The specific adaptations of the trauma-orientated psychotherapy to the specific situation of refugees and asylum seekers will be described...
February 1, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131624/involvement-of-pkc%C3%AE-and-erk1-2-signaling-pathways-in-egcg-s-protection-against-stress-induced-neural-injuries-in-wistar-rats
#15
Xiaoling Zhao, Fengqin Liu, Haimin Jin, Renjia Li, Yonghui Wang, Wanqi Zhang, Haichao Wang, Weiqiang Chen
Stress-induced neural injuries are closely linked to the pathogenesis of various neuropsychiatric disorders and psychosomatic diseases. We and others have previously demonstrated certain protective effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in stress-induced cerebral impairments, but the underlying protective mechanisms still remain poorly elucidated. Here we provide evidence to support the possible involvement of PKCα and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathways in EGCG-mediated protection against restraint stress-induced neural injuries in rats...
January 25, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114399/relaxation-induced-by-vibroacoustic-stimulation-via-a-body-monochord-and-via-relaxation-music-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-tonic-electrodermal-activity-and-an-increase-of-the-salivary-cortisol-level-in-patients-with-psychosomatic-disorders
#16
Hubertus Sandler, Uta Fendel, Petra Buße, Matthias Rose, Rainer Bösel, Burghard F Klapp
Vibroacoustic stimulation by a Body Monochord can induce relaxation states of various emotional valence. The skin conductance level (SCL) of the tonic electrodermal activity is an indicator of sympathetic arousal of the autonomic nervous system and thus an indicator of the relaxation response. Salivary cortisol is considered to be a stress indicator of the HPA-axis. The effects of the treatment with a Body Monochord and listening to relaxation music (randomized chronological presentation) on SCL and salivary cortisol in relation to the emotional valence of the experience were examined in patients with psychosomatic disorders (N = 42)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#17
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091795/mood-spectrum-disorders-and-perception-of-pain
#18
Antonella Ciaramella
Evaluation of pain perception in chronic pain patients with a concomitant mood-spectrum disorder. DESIGN: The observational retrospective study is based on patient data collected in psychosomatic consultations held at the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, from 2002 to 2014. Evoked pain stimulus threshold and tolerance were evaluated using the cold pressor test. Clinical pain intensity and Sensorial, Affective, and Evaluative dimensions were assessed using the Italian Pain Questionnaire, and Anxiety and Depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
January 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056066/what-do-patients-think-about-the-cause-of-their-mental-disorder-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-causal-beliefs-of-mental-disorder-in-inpatients-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#19
Julia Luise Magaard, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
BACKGROUND: Patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorders are important for treatment because they affect illness-related behaviours. However, there are few studies exploring patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorder. OBJECTIVES: (a) To qualitatively explore patients' causal beliefs of their mental disorder, (b) to explore frequencies of patients stating causal beliefs, and (c) to investigate differences of causal beliefs according to patients' primary diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#20
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
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