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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905389/-lipid-profile-and-psychometric-traits-in-patients-with-psychosomatic-disorders-and-chronic-cerebral-ischemia
#1
A V Shevchenko, B M Doronin, V B Kuznetsova, T G Amstislavskaya
AIM: To explore the correlation of serum cholesterol and triglycerides with psychometric traits in patients with psychosomatic disorders and chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients with CCI, aged from 46 to 76 years, were examined. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in the blood. A battery of tests for assessment of cognitive functions and neurotic traits was used. RESULTS: The level of cholesterol was higher in patients with post-infarction cardiosclerosis (PICS) compared to patients with CCI without psychosomatic disorders but did not differ from that in patients with gastric ulcer (GU)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#2
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876129/metabolic-syndrome-a-truly-psychosomatic-disorder-a-global-hypothesis
#3
Shrikant Madhukar Ghike
Exact cause of the metabolic syndrome [MS], a global epidemic, is still unclear. Man has same fundamental needs to live as animals but modern man's life-style compels him to acquire certainty of resources for all his needs in a complex social network. Today money has become the sole life essential need. Contrarily none of the animals needs to earn money. Brain is also an organ of the human body with a unique thought process to define logical actions to achieve a person's goals. This way life is a flow of desires followed by logical actions...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855438/how-to-prevent-depression-current-directions-and-future-challenges-in-children-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#4
Anna Felnhofer, Oswald D Kothgassner, Claudia Klier
With its high rates of chronicity and concomitant economic costs to society, depression ranges among the most prevalent mental disorders. Several trials have succeeded in demonstrating the beneficial effects of early depression prevention programs for otherwise healthy children and adolescents. However, comparable programs for children and adolescents with a medical condition are still scarce. This paper discusses the situation of chronically ill children and adolescents who are at risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms using the example of three conditions frequently encountered in pediatric psychosomatic medicine: diabetes, epilepsy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834414/psychosocial-aspects-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-dental-students
#5
Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Raniel Fernandes Peixoto, Camila Maria Bastos Machado Resende, Arthur César de Medeiros Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Oliveira, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Dental students have high levels of anxiety that can affect not only academic performance but also increase the risk for other diseases. It is believed that the increase in the incidence of chronic orofacial pain in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may have an impact on the quality of life and general health of subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD in dental students and its association with general health, quality of life, and anxiety. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ninety students were evaluated by four questionnaires to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD (Fonseca's questionnaire) and to quantify general health (General Health Questionnaire - GHQ), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief version - WHOQOL-brief) and anxiety levels (State-Trait Anxiety Index - STAI)...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821358/suicidality-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-the-speechless-expression-of-anger
#6
Nora Kämpfer, Sabine Staufenbiel, Ingo Wegener, Stefanie Rambau, Anne Sarah Urbach, Martin Mücke, Franziska Geiser, Rupert Conrad
OBJECTIVE: To identify emotion-associated risk factors for suicidality in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: A sample of 155 consecutive patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders at the Psychosomatic Ambulance of Bonn University Hospital filled in several questionnaires including the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised Version (SCL-90-R), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Our aim was to compare patients with suicide attempts to patients without suicide attempts via a MANCOVA (IV: Group; DV: SCL-90-R, TAS-20, STAXI; covariates: sex, age, depression, borderline personality disorder)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750358/-models-of-mental-health-care-for-vulnerable-refugees-in-the-community
#7
Julia Schellong, Franziska Epple, Kerstin Weidner, Andrea Möllering
A non-neglectable portion of people that have fled to Germany have been subjected to expulsion, violence, torture and grave human loss. In some of them, signs of secondary mental problems are obvious. In the light of the efforts at integration, these diseases must not be neglected. Outlined are the federal legal requirements and how the cost coverage, as well as the admission to health care system, is structured. Additionally, 2 exemplary regional models for psychosomatic health care are being introduced: Dresden's "Stepped Care Model for Psychologically Vulnerable Refugees" includes phased offers for prevention and treatment of acute mental crises, as well as somatoform disorders in refugees and their volunteer helpers...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744431/use-of-the-psychosocial-index-a-sensitive-tool-in-research-and-practice
#8
Antonio Piolanti, Emanuela Offidani, Jenny Guidi, Sara Gostoli, Giovanni A Fava, Nicoletta Sonino
BACKGROUND: The Psychosocial Index (PSI) is a self-rating scale based on clinimetric principles that is simple to use in a busy clinical setting. It can be integrated by observer-rated clinical judgment, providing a first-line, comprehensive assessment of stress, well-being, distress, illness behavior, and quality of life. By calculation of scores, it can be used for conventional psychological measurements. Its clinical applications and clinimetric properties are reviewed. The present version of the PSI has been slightly revised...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729855/atypical-self-focus-effect-on-interoceptive-accuracy-in-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Olga Pollatos, Beate M Herbert, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Till Krauseneck, Manos Tsakiris
Background: Interoceptive abilities are known to be affected in anorexia nervosa (AN). Previous studies could show that private self-focus can enhance interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) in healthy participants. As body dissatisfaction is high in AN, confrontation with bodily features such as the own face might have a directly opposed effect in AN. Whether patients with AN can benefit from self-focus in their IAcc and whether this pattern changes over the time-course of cognitive behavioral therapy was investigated in this study...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723931/-psychotherapy-with-immigrants-and-traumatized-refugees
#10
Yesim Erim, Eva Morawa
In view of the growing proportion of immigrants and refugees in the population of Germany the knowledge on the influence of culture and migration on identity, and mental health presents a substantial basis for effective therapy. This article addresses important topics of psychotherapy with immigrants in general and with refugees in particular. Following issues selected according to their relevance and actuality are highlighted: definition of persons with migration background, migrants and refugees, facts on immigration to Germany, main results and theories on mental health of immigrants, social psychological aspects of intercultural psychotherapy (individualism vs...
September 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718410/interictal-irritability-and-associated-factors-in-epilepsy-patients
#11
Oh-Young Kwon, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: Irritability has been reported in epilepsy patients. We identified associated factors for interictal irritability in epilepsy patients. METHOD: Adult epilepsy patients who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for at least 1year were invited to participate in this study. For eligible patients, several questionnaires, such as the Irritability in Adult Patients with Epilepsy (I-Epi), the Korean version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (K-NDDI-E), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), were administered...
September 29, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716162/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-in-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-multidisciplinary-study
#12
Yngvild S Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad, Ute Kessler
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and no empirically supported treatment has been reliably established. The primary objective of this study is to gain knowledge about the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) for anorexia nervosa delivered in a public hospital setting. Baseline predictors of treatment outcome and dropout are studied...
October 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711956/-psycho-oncologic-care-by-a-consultation-liaison-service-differences-between-oncologic-patients-with-and-without-psychiatric-comorbidity
#13
Juan Valdes-Stauber, Susanne Bachthaler
Background: Psycho-oncologic consultation and liaison services (CLS) are mainly psychosomatic oriented teams in acute care hospitals. Their interventions are electively, setting-related or universal like in accredited centers. Objectives: We investigated whether clinical and care-related differences between cancer patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity exist as well as between patients treated in oncologic centers and aside thereof. We also investigated possible differences according to psychiatric as well as to oncologic diagnoses...
October 6, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698554/a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-facilitators-of-rehabilitation-success-from-the-psychosomatic-inpatients-perspective
#14
Anna Levke Brütt, Julia Luise Magaard, Sylke Andreas, Holger Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Psychosomatic inpatient rehabilitation aims at promoting functioning in patients with mental disorders. Although generally effective, some patients do not benefit from this rehabilitation and suffer from symptoms as well as functional impairment. This study aimed to identify patient-reported factors influencing activity and participation outcomes. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Five focus groups with N=23 former psychosomatic rehabilitation inpatients were conducted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697138/acceptance-and-commitment-group-therapy-act-g-for-health-anxiety
#15
Trine Eilenberg
Health anxiety is prevalent (5-9%) in all healthcare settings and in the general population, may have an early onset, and a poor prognosis is seen in severe cases if untreated. Research shows that health anxiety is rarely diagnosed though it causes great suffering for the individual and constitutes a substantial socio-economic burden. Studies have shown that individual cognitive behavioural therapy can relieve health anxiety, but these studies are affected by methodological problems, among others, struggling with patients declining participation, high dropout rates, and some patients not responding to the treatment...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688155/sex-and-gender-affect-the-social-brain-beyond-simplicity
#16
REVIEW
Marina A Pavlova
As the most fascinating, complex, and dynamic part of our organism, the human brain is shaped by many interacting factors that not only are of neurobiological (including sex hormones) and environmental origin but are also sociocultural in their very nature (such as social roles). Gender is one of these factors. Most neurological, neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric, and psychosomatic disorders are characterized by impairments in visual social cognition (primarily body language reading and face perception) and a skewed sex ratio: females and males are affected differently in terms of clinical picture, prevalence, and severity...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683300/catamnesis-results-of-an-inpatient-neuro-otologic-and-psychosomatic-tinnitus-therapy-1-5-years-after-discharge
#17
H Schaaf, S Weiß, G Hesse
Treating tinnitus with the resources offered in hospitals can become necessary for patients suffering from complex tinnitus if a high symptom severity, usually accompanied by a corresponding psychosomatic comorbidity, is present. For such costly therapies, for example, the neuro-otologic psychosomatic tinnitus therapy (NPT) examined here, the long-term effect is particularly important; however, reliable catamnesis studies for inpatient treatments are not yet available. Data from 169 (from a total of 327 contacted) inpatients suffering from complex tinnitus were analysed here...
September 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681519/patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-unit-with-gynaecological-lower-abdominal-pain-with-and-without-pathological-clinical-findings-service-utilisation-pain-history-implications
#18
F Siedentopf, E Wowro, M Möckel, H Kentenich, M David
Introduction: Few studies have evaluated the utilisation of emergency gynaecological services, although lower abdominal pain (LAP) is one of the most common symptoms prompting emergency presentation. Although such pain may be caused by potentially life-threatening gynaecological diseases, very often no clinical cause is found. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of emergency presentations in order to enable quicker identification of real emergencies in routine clinical practice. Materials and Methods: Standardised, so-called first aid cards of 1066 consecutive patients with LAP presenting acutely to one emergency unit were analysed in this retrospective, cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651969/medial-cranial-fossa-meningioma-diagnosed-as-mixed-anxiety-disorder-with-dissociative-symptoms-and-vertigo
#19
Emin Mehmet Ceylan, Bariş Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
Meningiomas are mostly benign tumors of the meninges that may stay clinically silent or present first with psychiatric symptoms only. We present a case of medial cranial fossa meningioma that was first diagnosed as mixed anxiety disorder with dissociative symptoms and vertigo. In light of the intact neurological and vestibular system examination, our patient's vertigo and depersonalization were firstly addressed as psychosomatic symptoms of the psychiatric syndrome. Despite decreased anxiety and improved mood, dissociative symptoms and vertigo were resistant to treatment which prompted further research yielding a left hemisphere localized meningioma...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643567/children-s-eating-attitudes-test-reliability-and-validation-in-japanese-adolescents
#20
Hiromi Chiba, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Rieko Sakurai, Takayo Mukai, Hiroko Shintou, Kenshi Koyanagi, Yushiro Yamashita, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Naohisa Uchimura, Toyojiro Matsuishi
Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychosomatic disorders that commonly occur in girls during adolescence. An increase in earlier onset ED has recently been suggested. Therefore, accurate assessment of eating attitudes in children is a necessary part of school mental health. The 26-item Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT-26) is widely used internationally to assess abnormal eating attitudes. The present study aimed to validate the Japanese version of the ChEAT-26. Participants were 7076 school children (aged 10-15years) from large, medium-sized, and small cities, and 44 children with anorexia nervosa...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
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