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Rafet Özay, Erhan Türkoğlu, Bora Gürer, Habibullah Dolgun, Oya Evirgen, Berrin İmge Ergüder, Nazlı Hayırlı, Levent Gürses, Zeki Şekerci, Erdal Reşit Yılmaz
BACKGROUND: The development of secondary brain injury via oxidative stress after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is well known. Decorin inactivates Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), complement system (CS) and Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) which are related the oxidative stress and apoptosis. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of Decorin (DC) on TBI. METHODS: A total of 24 male rats were used and divided into four groups as follows; control, trauma, DC, and methylprednisolone (MP)...
October 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Karen Stanic, Natalia Saldivia, Benjamín Förstera, Marcela Torrejón, Hernán Montecinos, Teresa Caprile
Extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules are pivotal for central nervous system (CNS) development, facilitating cell migration, axonal growth, myelination, dendritic spine formation, and synaptic plasticity, among other processes. During axon guidance, the ECM not only acts as a permissive or non-permissive substrate for navigating axons, but also modulates the effects of classical guidance cues, such as netrin or Eph/ephrin family members. Despite being highly important, little is known about the expression of ECM molecules during CNS development...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Xuan Hong, Zhaoyang Yang, Meng Wang, Li Wang, Qingyong Xu
Decorin, chiefly synthesized by tumor stroma, is known as a tumor suppressor. However, the clinical and prognostic significance in lung cancer remained unclear. Here, decorin and Ki67 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in I-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues (n = 264) in comparison to adjacent normal tissues (n = 40). The relationship between the expression of decorin and clinical characteristics, as well as Ki67 index and prognosis, was analyzed. Decorin expression was decreased in both the stroma (P < 0...
October 10, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Sofie Perdu, Barbara Castellana, Yoona Kim, Kathy Chan, Lauren DeLuca, Alexander G Beristain
Over one-fifth of North American women of childbearing age are obese, putting these women at risk for a variety of detrimental chronic diseases. In addition, obesity increases the risk for developing major complications during pregnancy. The mechanisms by which obesity contributes to pregnancy complications and loss remain unknown. Increasing evidence indicates that obesity results in major changes to adipose tissue immune cell composition and function; whether or not obesity also affects immune function in the uterus has not been explored...
July 21, 2016: JCI Insight
Yanfeng Liu, Xuesong Wang, Zhaohui Wang, Wenbo Ju, Dawei Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of decorin (DCN) on the proliferation of human hepatoma HepG2 cells and the involvement of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. A vector containing DCN was transfected into HepG2 cells with the use of Lipofectamine 2000. Cell proliferation was assessed with an MTT assay, and western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression of TGF-β receptor I (TGF-βRI), phosphorylated TGF-βRI, p15 and TGF-βRII. In addition, small interfering RNA (siRNA) silencing was performed to knock down the target gene...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Peng Wang, Xiangyan Liu, Peng Xu, Jialiang Lu, Runze Wang, Weidong Mu
Chronic osteomyelitis is a bone infection that results in hypertrophic scarring of the soft tissue surrounding the infected bone. This scarring can create functional problems and its treatment is challenging. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of decorin in treating scar formation in osteomyelitis and the underlying mechanism of its action. A rat osteomyelitis model was used, and animals were divided into three groups, as follows: Group A (control), group B (osteomyelitis model) and group C (decorin-treated)...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Maria A Gubbiotti, Sylvain D Vallet, Sylvie Ricard-Blum, Renato V Iozzo
Decorin, a prototype small leucine-rich proteoglycan, regulates a vast array of cellular processes including collagen fibrillogenesis, wound repair, angiostasis, tumor growth, and autophagy. This functional versatility arises from a wide array of decorin/protein interactions also including interactions with its single glycosaminoglycan side chain. The decorin-binding partners encompass numerous categories ranging from extracellular matrix molecules to cell surface receptors to growth factors and enzymes. Despite the diversity of the decorin interacting network, two main roles emerge as prominent themes in decorin function: maintenance of cellular structure and outside-in signaling, culminating in anti-tumorigenic effects...
September 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
K P Goetsch, C U Niesler
Muscular injuries that destroy the basal lamina result in poor functional recovery of skeletal muscle. This is due, in part, to the deposition of structural fibrotic proteins such as fibronectin and collagen by fibroblasts and other cells. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) promotes fibrosis, whereas the proteoglycan decorin is known to act as an anti-fibrotic agent, in part via the binding and neutralization of TGF-β. We have previously established that decorin can alter the migratory response of skeletal muscle myoblasts to the extracellular matrix (ECM) factor collagen, but not fibronectin...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xing Mao, Weili Luo, Jianyong Sun, Nianji Yang, Linda Wei Zhang, Zhonghua Zhao, Zhigang Zhang, Huijuan Wu
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is characterized by proliferation of mesangial cells (MCs) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-dependent stimulation of abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. We previously showed that Decorin--a leucine-rich proteoglycan inhibiting the progression of glomerulonephritis and glomerular sclerosis--can be degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and deubiquitinated and stabilized by ubiquitin-specific processing protease 2-69(Usp2-69). Usp2-69 is highly expressed in the kidney and has been implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis...
September 15, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Janina Burk, Amelie Plenge, Walter Brehm, Sandra Heller, Bastian Pfeiffer, Cornelia Kasper
Tendon and ligament pathologies are still a therapeutic challenge, due to the difficulty in restoring the complex extracellular matrix architecture and biomechanical strength. While progress is being made in cell-based therapies and tissue engineering approaches, comprehensive understanding of the fate of progenitor cells in tendon healing is still lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of decellularized tendon matrix and moderate cyclic stretching as natural stimuli which could potentially direct tenogenic fate...
2016: Stem Cells International
Diana Wojtkowiak, Andrzej F Frydrychowski, Jakub Hadzik, Marzena Dominiak
BACKGROUND: Low-temperature techniques that prevent protein denaturation are being used to extract collagen from fish skin for cosmetic purposes. These extracts contain collagen with its triple helix structure preserved, as well as a number of other proteins. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate collagen extracts from the skin of silver carp for the presence of small-molecule peptides. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was performed to analyze collagen extracts from silver carp skin for the presence of small-molecule peptides...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Takafumi Watanabe, Kiyokazu Kametani, Yohichi Koyama, Daisuke Suzuki, Yasutada Imamura, Kazushige Takehana, Kohzy Hiramatsu
Tendons are composed of collagen fibrils and proteoglycan predominantly consisting of decorin. Decorin is located on the d-band of collagen fibrils, and its glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains have been observed between collagen fibrils with transmission electron microscopy. GAG chains have been proposed to interact with each other or with collagen fibrils, but its three-dimensional organization remains unclear. In this report, we used focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy to examine the three-dimensional organization of the GAG chain in the Achilles tendon of mature rats embedded in epoxy resin after staining with Cupromeronic blue, which specifically stains GAG chains...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Konstantina Karamanou, Diana Carolina Restrepo Espinosa, Anneliese Fortuna-Costa, Mauro Sérgio Gonçalves Pavão
Glycosaminoglycans with unique sulfation patterns have been identified in different species of ascidians (sea squirts), a group of marine invertebrates of the Phylum Chordata, sub-phylum Tunicata (or Urochordata). Oversulfated dermatan sulfate composed of [4-α-L-IdoA-(2-O-SO3)(-1) → 3-β-D-GalNAc(4-OSO3)(-1)]n repeating disaccharide units is found in the extracellular matrix of several organs, where it seems to interact with collagen fibers. This dermatan sulfate co-localizes with a decorin-like protein, as indicated by immunohistochemical analysis...
September 10, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Jason D Keene, Sean Jacobson, Katerina Kechris, Gregory L Kinney, Marilyn G Foreman, Claire M Doerschuk, Barry J Make, Jeffrey L Curtis, Stephen I Rennard, R Graham Barr, Eugene R Bleecker, Richard E Kanner, Eric C Kleerup, Nadia N Hansel, Prescott G Woodruff, MeiLan K Han, Robert Paine Iii, Fernando J Martinez, Russell P Bowler, Wanda K O'Neal
RATIONALE: COPD exacerbations are associated with disease progression, higher healthcare cost, and increased mortality. Published predictors of future exacerbations include previous exacerbation, airflow obstruction, poor overall health, home oxygen use, and gastroesophageal reflux. The value of adding blood biomarkers to clinical variables to predict exacerbations remains unproven. METHODS: Subjects from SPIROMICS (n=1544) and COPDGene (n=602) cohorts had 90 plasma or serum candidate proteins measured on study entry using Myriad-RBM multiplex panels...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
P Murthi, D E van Zanten, J J H Eijsink, A J Borg, J L Stevenson, B Kalionis, A K Chui, J M Said, S P Brennecke, J J H M Erwich
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. FGR pregnancies are often associated with histological evidence of placental vascular thrombosis. The proteoglycans are important components and regulators of vascular homeostasis. Previous studies from our laboratory highlighted mRNA and protein expression differences in placental proteoglycan decorin (DCN), within a clinically well-characterised cohort of third-trimester idiopathic FGR compared with gestation-matched uncomplicated control pregnancies...
September 2016: Placenta
Jihane Frikeche, George Maiti, Shukti Chakravarti
The small leucine rich repeat proteoglycans are major components of the cornea. Lumican, keratocan, decorin, biglycan and osteoglycin are present throughout the adult corneal stroma, and fibromodulin in the peripheral limbal area. In the cornea literature these proteoglycan have been reviewed as structural, collagen fibril-regulating proteins of the cornea. However, these proteoglycans are members of the leucine-rich-repeat superfamily, and share structural similarities with pathogen recognition toll-like receptors...
October 2016: Experimental Eye Research
J Y Peng, K X Gao, H Y Xin, P Han, G Q Zhu, B Y Cao
Decorin (DCN), a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), participates in ECM assembly and influences cell proliferation and apoptosis in many mammalian tissues and cells. However, expression and function of DCN in the ovary remain unclear. This study cloned the full-length cDNA of goat DCN obtained from the ovary of an adult goat. Sequence analysis revealed that the putative DCN protein shared a highly conserved amino acid sequence with known mammalian homologs. The tissue distribution of DCN mRNA expression was evaluated by real-time PCR, and the results showed that DCN was widely expressed in the tissues of adult goat...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Javier Barallobre-Barreiro, Shashi K Gupta, Anna Zoccarato, Rika Kitazume-Taneike, Marika Fava, Xiaoke Yin, Tessa Werner, Marc N Hirt, Anna Zampetaki, Alessandro Viviano, Mei Chong, Marshall Bern, Antonios Kourliouros, Nieves Domenech, Peter Willeit, Ajay M Shah, Marjan Jahangiri, Liliana Schaefer, Jens W Fischer, Renato V Iozzo, Rosa Viner, Thomas Thum, Joerg Heineke, Antoine Kichler, Kinya Otsu, Manuel Mayr
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis is a feature of many cardiac diseases. We used proteomics to profile glycoproteins in the human cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: Atrial specimens were analyzed by mass spectrometry after extraction of ECM proteins and enrichment for glycoproteins or glycopeptides. RESULTS: ECM-related glycoproteins were identified in left and right atrial appendages from the same patients. Several known glycosylation sites were confirmed...
September 13, 2016: Circulation
Adam P Lightfoot, Robert G Cooper
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article updates on the concept that muscle-derived cytokines (myokines) play important roles in muscle health and disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is released from normal skeletal muscle in response to exercise, mediating both anti-inflammatory responses and metabolic adaptations, actions contradictory to the prevailing view that IL-6 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is inducing and propagating disease. The anti-inflammatory effects of IL-6 result from its trans-membrane signalling capability, via membrane-bound receptors, whereas its proinflammatory effects result instead from signalling via the soluble IL-6 receptor and gp130...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Hiroko Habuchi, Takahiro Ushida, Osami Habuchi
BACKGROUND: Chondroitin/dermatan sulfate (CS/DS) rich in N-acetylgalactosamine 4,6-bissulfate (GalNAc(4,6SO4)) residues is present as decorin and/or biglycan in mouse liver, and GalNAc(4,6SO4) residues disappeared completely in N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase (GalNAc4S-6ST) knockout (KO) mice. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CS/DS rich in GalNAc(4,6SO4) residues participate in the progression or resolution of liver fibrosis. METHODS: Wild type (WT) and GalNAc4S-6ST KO mice were treated with CCl4 for 5 weeks...
August 2016: Heliyon
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