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pulp inflammation

Yuan Li, Haisheng Wang, Fei Pei, Zhi Chen, Lu Zhang
INTRODUCTION: FoxO3a is a member of FoxO transcription factor family that participates in the transcriptional regulation of autophagy. In this study we explored the anti-inflammatory function of FoxO3a-regulated autophagy in inflamed human dental pulp and lipopolysaccharide-treated mDPC6T cells. METHODS: The expression of FoxO3a and autophagy markers in caries and pulpitis from human dental pulp were examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. We conducted in vitro studies by treating mDPC6T cells with lipopolysaccharide for various lengths of time...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Priscilla Coutinho Romualdo, Marília P Lucisano, Francisco Wanderley G Paula-Silva, Graziela B Leoni, Manoel D Sousa-Neto, Raquel Assed B Silva, Lea Assed B Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and cathepsin K in apical periodontitis (AP) and the volume of lesions in ovariectomized and sham-operated rats. METHODS: Twenty 12-week-old female Wistar rats were subjected to ovariectomy (OVX) or sham surgery. After 9 weeks, access cavities were prepared in the maxillary and mandibular first molars, pulp tissue was removed, and canals were exposed to the oral environment during 21 days for the induction of AP...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Long Chen, Yifeng Jiang, Zhen Du
Although previous studies have demonstrated that dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) from mature and immature teeth exhibit potential for multi-directional differentiation, the molecular and biological difference between the DPSCs from mature and immature permanent teeth has not been fully investigated. In the present study, 500 differentially expressed genes from dental pulp cells (DPCs) in mature and immature permanent teeth were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus online database. Based on bioinformatics analysis using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery, these genes were divided into a number of subgroups associated with immunity, inflammation and cell signaling...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Haichao Liu, Lei Zhao, Wenzhen Gu, Qin Liu, Zhixiong Gao, Xiao Zhu, Zhi Wu, Hongwen He, Fang Huang, Wenguo Fan
Satellite glial cells (SGCs), a peripheral neuroglial cell, surround neurons and form a complete envelope around individual sensory neurons in the trigeminal ganglia (TG), which may be involved in modulating neurons in inflammation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dental injury and inflammation on SGCs in the TG. Pulp exposure (PX) was performed on the first maxillary molar of 28 rats. The neurons innervating injured tooth in TG were labeled by the retrograde transport of fluoro-gold (FG)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular Histology
H Wu, M He, R Yang, Y Zuo, Z Bian
AIM: To identify the role of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) and the mechanism underlying the inflammatory response in dental pulp cells. METHODOLOGY: AEG-1 expression was detected at different stages of pulpitis in a rat model using immunohistochemistry. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to assess AEG-1 expression in human dental pulp cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The LPS-induced expression of inflammatory cytokine genes was quantified by RT-qPCR in cells transfected with AEG-1 or negative control (NC) siRNA...
March 5, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Zhihui Feng, Qimeng Li, Runsha Meng, Baicheng Yi, Qiong Xu
Dental pulp inflammation is a widespread public health problem caused by oral bacterial infections and can progress to pulp necrosis and periapical diseases. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a prevalent epitranscriptomic modification in mRNA. Previous studies have demonstrated that m6A methylation plays important roles in cell differentiation, embryonic development and stress responses. However, whether m6A modification affects dental pulp inflammation remains unknown. To address this issue, we investigated the expression of m6A and N6-adenosine methyltransferase (METTL3, METTL14) as well as demethylases (FTO, ALKBH5) and found that the levels of m6A and METTL3 were up-regulated in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yihua Song, Peipei Cao, Zhifeng Gu, Jingwen Xiao, Min Lian, Dan Huang, Jing Xing, Ye Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Chenfei Wang
Abnormal odontoblast differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) caused by inflammation is closely related to the development of dental caries. Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is one of the members of neuropilin family. It can combine with disparate ligands involved in regulating cell differentiation. FYN belongs to the protein-tyrosine kinase family, which has been implicated in the control of cell growth, and the effect can be further strengthened by inflammatory factors. In our studies, we verified that NRP1 can form complexes with FYN and have the correlation changes in odontoblast differentiation of DPSCs...
February 27, 2018: Cellular Reprogramming
Wayne Nishio Ayre, Genevieve Melling, Camille Cuveillier, Madhan Natarajan, Jessica L Roberts, Lucy L Marsh, Christopher D Lynch, Jean-Yves Maillard, Stephen P Denyer, Alastair J Sloan
This study investigated the host response to a polymicrobial pulpal infection consisting of Streptococcus anginosus and Enterococcus faecalis , bacteria commonly implicated in dental abscesses and endodontic failure, using a validated ex vivo rat tooth model. Tooth slices were inoculated with planktonic cultures of S. anginosus or E. faecalis alone or in co-culture at ratios of 50:50 and 90:10 S. anginosus to E. faecalis Attachment was semi-quantified by measuring area covered by fluorescently labelled bacteria...
February 26, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Merve Mutluay, Volkan Arıkan, Saziye Sarı, Üçler Kısa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine in primary molars with carious exposures whether hemostasis at the exposure site and pulp orifice reflected inflammatory status of the pulp at the canal orifice based on cytokine levels. METHODS: Forty mandibular primary molars with deep caries were included in the study. Teeth were divided into two groups: group A had teeth where hemostasis at the exposure site was achieved within five minutes, and group B had teeth where hemostasis at the exposure site could not be achieved within five minutes...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
L Zhang, Z Chen
The dentin-pulp complex is a highly specialized tissue for protecting the dental pulp. Odontoblasts are long-lived, hard-tissue-forming cells in the dentin-pulp complex and critically involved in inflammatory responses against invading pathogens. Autophagy is a highly conserved homeostasis mechanism of living cells under various stress conditions. Growing evidence in the literature addresses the role of autophagy in odontoblast differentiation and aging. This review summarizes the current knowledge about autophagy for the dentin-pulp complex in resisting inflammation...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Tetsuro Watase, Kohei Shimizu, Hiroki Komiya, Kinuyo Ohara, Koichi Iwata, Bunnai Ogiso
A study was conducted to evaluate the mechanisms underlying ectopic orofacial pain associated with tooth pulp inflammation in rats. We observed a significant decrease in the head withdrawal threshold (HWT) response to mechanical and heat stimuli applied to the ipsilateral facial skin upon application of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the upper first molar (M1TP) in comparison to application of vehicle. A large number of trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons showed transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) immunoreactivity (IR), and some of them were retrogradely labeled with fluorogold injected into the facial skin...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Omid Dianat, Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas, Zohreh Ahangari, Sara Saedi, Saeed Reza Motamedian
Previous in vitro studies have suggested that simvastatin can be used as a direct pulp capping material due to its ability to induce odontoblastic differentiation and angiogenesis. The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the pulpal response to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and four concentrations of simvastatin/MTA in combination. The study was conducted in two stages using four different simvastatin concentrations and MTA as a capping material for rat maxillary molars. The grades of inflammation and continuity of dentin formation were evaluated in hematoxylin and eosin (HE)-stained samples...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Konstantinos Lazaridis, Maria Lazaridou, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Introduction: Le Fort I and sagittal split ramus osteotomies are the most commonly performed orthognathic surgery procedures on the maxilla and mandible, respectively. Techniques: Despite progress in the techniques, these procedures may still be associated with morbidity, expressed as inflammation, inadequate bony union, periodontal damages or in extreme cases even total bone loss. Discussion: Through a comprehensive review of the literature, the influences of maxillary and mandibular surgery on Pulpal Blood Flow (PBF), pulp sensitivity and pulp vitality are examined...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Marianna De Colli, Milena Radunovic, Vincenzo L Zizzari, Viviana di Giacomo, Chiara Di Nisio, Adriano Piattelli, José L Calvo Guirado, Barbara Zavan, Amelia Cataldi, Susi Zara
Titanium surface modification is critical for dental implant success. Our aim was to determine surfaces influence on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) viability and differentiation. Implants were divided into sandblasted/acid-etched (control) and sandblasted/acid-etched coated with calcium and magnesium ions (CaMg), supplied as composite, (test). Proliferation was evaluated by MTT, differentiation checking osteoblastic gene expression, PGE2 secretion and matrix formation, inflammation by Interleukin 6 (IL-6) detection...
February 8, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yadong Ji, Seung K Choi, Ahmed S Sultan, Kong Chuncai, Xiaoying Lin, Erfan Dashtimoghadam, Mary Anne Melo, Michael Weir, Huakun Xu, Lobat Tayebi, Zhihong Nie, Didier A Depireux, Radi Masri
Maintaining the vitality of the dental pulp, the highly innervated and highly vascular, innermost layer of the tooth, is a critical goal of any dental procedure. Upon injury, targeting the pulp with specific therapies is challenging because it is encased in hard tissues. This project describes a method that can effectively deliver therapeutic agents to the pulp. This method relies on the use of nanoparticles that can be actively steered using magnetic forces to the pulp, traveling through naturally occurring channels in the dentin (the middle layer of the tooth)...
February 1, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Mariane Maffei Azuma, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Edilson Ervolino, Carolina de Barros Moraes Cardoso, Camila Barbosa Pipa, Toshihisa Kawai, Leticia Citelli Conti, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
INTRODUCTION: The effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) on pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators were evaluated in a rat model of pulp exposure-induced apical periodontitis (AP). METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: control, untreated rats (group C); control rats treated with ω-3 PUFAs (group C-O); rats with pulp exposure-induced AP (group AP); and rats with pulp exposure-induced AP treated with ω-3 PUFAs (group AP-O)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Kanji Horibe, Akihiro Hosoya, Toru Hiraga, Hiroaki Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) is an antimicrobial peptide in mice and rats homologous to LL-37 in humans. In addition to its antibacterial activity, CRAMP has various physiological functions by binding to formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2). However, the role of these peptides in teeth is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the role of CRAMP and FPR2 in tooth development, reparative dentin formation, and defense response. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First, we examined the localization of CRAMP and FPR2 during tooth development by immunohistochemical analysis...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Hong Bae Kim, Ku Youn Baik, Hoon Seonwoo, Kyoung-Je Jang, Myung Chul Lee, Pill-Hoon Choung, Jong Hoon Chung
Low power light (LPL) treatment has been widely used in various clinical trials, which has been known to reduce pain and inflammation and to promote wound healing. LPL was also shown to enhance differentiation of stem cells into specific lineages. However, most studies have used high power light in mW order, and there was lack of studies about the effects of very low power light in μW. In this study, we applied 810 nm LPL of 128 μW/cm2 energy density in vitro. Upon this value, continuous wave (CW) irradiation did not induce any significant changes for differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Adriana Fernandes Da Silva, Marcelo Rocha Marques, Wellington Luiz De Oliveira Da Rosa, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Silvana Pereira Barros
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate a model of slow caries progression and to investigate the performance of a self-etch adhesive system for partial caries removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat molars were infected with Streptococcus sobrinus 6715 culture. Different time points were analyzed: days 78, 85, and 95 (± 2). After this, the samples were processed for morphological analysis. Additionally, the first molars were restored with zinc oxide and eugenol (IRM™; Dentsply; Brazil) or adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond™; Kuraray Medical; Japan) 78 days after caries induction...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Mst Luthfun Nesa, S M Sajedul Karim, Khairunasa Api, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Md Monirul Islam, Asma Kabir, Mithun Kumar Sarker, Kamrun Nahar, Mohammad Asadujjaman, Mohammad Sirajum Munir
BACKGROUND: It has been observed that the various part of Baccaurea ramiflora plant is used in rheumatoid arthritis, cellulitis, abscesses, constipation and injuries. This plant also has anticholinergic, hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, antiviral, antioxidant, diuretic and cytotoxic activities. The present studyaimed to assess the cytotoxic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, CNS depressant and antidiarrheal activities of methanol extract of Baccaurea ramiflora pulp and seeds in mice model. METHODS: The cytotoxic activity was determined by brine shrimp lethality bioassay; anti-nociceptive activity was determined by acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin- induced licking and biting, and tail immersion methods...
January 30, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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