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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817712/study-of-the-cross-market-effects-of-brexit-based-on-the-improved-symbolic-transfer-entropy-garch-model-an-empirical-analysis-of-stock-bond-correlations
#1
Xiurong Chen, Yixiang Tian, Rubo Zhao
In this paper, we study the cross-market effects of Brexit on the stock and bond markets of nine major countries in the world. By incorporating information theory, we introduce the time-varying impact weights based on symbolic transfer entropy to improve the traditional GARCH model. The empirical results show that under the influence of Brexit, flight-to-quality not only commonly occurs between the stocks and bonds of each country but also simultaneously occurs among different countries. We also find that the accuracy of the time-varying symbolic transfer entropy GARCH model proposed in this paper has been improved compared to the traditional GARCH model, which indicates that it has a certain practical application value...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811926/postinjection-delirium-sedation-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-olanzapine-long-acting-injection-results-from-a-large-observational-study
#2
Kristin J Meyers, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, John L Landry, Rashna Chhabra-Khanna, Deborah M Falk, Balasubramanya Seetharama Rao, Meghan E Jones
BACKGROUND: Postinjection delirium/sedation syndrome (PDSS) has been reported uncommonly during treatment with olanzapine long-acting injection (LAI), a sustained-release formulation of olanzapine. AIMS: The primary aim of the study was to estimate the incidence per injection and per patient of PDSS events in adult patients with schizophrenia who were receiving olanzapine LAI in real-world clinical practice. Secondary aims were to further characterise the clinical presentation of PDSS events, to identify potential risk factors associated with PDSS events and to characterise hospitalisations at baseline and post-baseline...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803883/the-provision-of-emergency-contraception-in-kinshasa-s-private-sector-pharmacies-experiences-of-mystery-clients
#3
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda Fidèle, Mélissa Garcia, Annie Glover
OBJECTIVES: Recent programmatic and research efforts on addressing gaps in health systems of low-income countries increasingly see task shifting, i.e. the provision of healthcare by non-medically trained personnel, as a possible solution to increase the availability of specific services and commodities. In Kinshasa, private-sector pharmacies are the primary and preferred provider of family planning (FP) methods, and thus constitute a potential resource for expanding access to specific contraceptives...
August 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802894/doomed-to-collapse-why-algerian-steppe-rangelands-are-overgrazed-and-some-lessons-to-help-land-use-transitions
#4
Jaime Martínez-Valderrama, Javier Ibáñez, Gabriel Del Barrio, Francisco J Alcalá, Maria E Sanjuán, Alberto Ruiz, Azziz Hirche, Juan Puigdefábregas
This work illustrates the application of a simulation model to analyse how swiftly large-scale land-use changes can drive broad territories to collapse. In this sense, the economic needs of a population should not clash with the natural environment but rather be reconciled with it. Abundant literature deals with the integration of socioeconomic drivers, ecological aspects, farming management, and climatology related to Algerian rangeland degradation. The present study seeks to compare the time course of Alfa grass biomass and the livestock raised on these distinctive rangelands under two different land-use strategies...
August 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793076/national-medicines-policy-in-retrospective-a-review-of-almost-20-years-of-implementation
#5
Daniela Moulin Maciel de Vasconcelos, Gabriela Costa Chaves, Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Rondineli Mendes da Silva
Pharmaceutical services and the formulation of a medicines policy are SUS areas ensured by the organic health care law 8,080/90. Thus, after a widely participative process, involving stakeholders, the National Medicines Policy (NMP) was approved in 1998 by Ordinance 3,916.The NMP presents directives and priorities, aligned with organic health care law, which should guide the federal, states and municipals entities actions to achieve the policy goals. Considering almost 20 years of the NMP, this paper took stock discussed some of the directives in light of the SUS principles...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792964/turtle-soup-prohibition-and-the-population-genetic-structure-of-diamondback-terrapins-malaclemys-terrapin
#6
Paul E Converse, Shawn R Kuchta, J Susanne Hauswaldt, Willem M Roosenburg
Diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) were a popular food item in early twentieth century America, and were consumed in soup with sherry. Intense market demand for terrapin meat resulted in population declines, notably along the Atlantic seaboard. Efforts to supply terrapins to markets resulted in translocation events, as individuals were moved about to stock terrapin farms. However, in 1920 the market for turtle soup buckled with the enactment of the eighteenth amendment to the United States' Constitution-which initiated the prohibition of alcoholic drinks-and many terrapin fisheries dumped their stocks into local waters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771514/sign-realized-jump-risk-and-the-cross-section-of-stock-returns-evidence-from-china-s-stock-market
#7
Youcong Chao, Xiaoqun Liu, Shijun Guo
Using 5-minute high frequency data from the Chinese stock market, we employ a non-parametric method to estimate Fama-French portfolio realized jumps and investigate whether the estimated positive, negative and sign realized jumps could forecast or explain the cross-sectional stock returns. The Fama-MacBeth regression results show that not only have the realized jump components and the continuous volatility been compensated with risk premium, but also that the negative jump risk, the positive jump risk and the sign jump risk, to some extent, could explain the return of the stock portfolios...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764403/fractal-stock-markets-international-evidence-of-dynamical-in-efficiency
#8
Sergio Bianchi, Massimiliano Frezza
The last systemic financial crisis has reawakened the debate on the efficient nature of financial markets, traditionally described as semimartingales. The standard approaches to endow the general notion of efficiency of an empirical content turned out to be somewhat inconclusive and misleading. We propose a topological-based approach to quantify the informational efficiency of a financial time series. The idea is to measure the efficiency by means of the pointwise regularity of a (stochastic) function, given that the signature of a martingale is that its pointwise regularity equals 12...
July 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760911/tobacco-companies-use-of-retailer-incentives-after-a-ban-on-point-of-sale-tobacco-displays-in-scotland
#9
Martine Stead, Douglas Eadie, Richard I Purves, Crawford Moodie, Sally Haw
INTRODUCTION: Incentives have been used by tobacco companies for many years to encourage retailers to sell and promote their products. However, few studies have examined the use of retailer incentives in countries with a ban on the open display of tobacco products in stores. METHODS: As part of the DISPLAY(Determining the Impact of Smoking Point of Sale Legislation Among Youth) study, annual qualitative interviews were conducted with 24 small retailers in four Scottish communities...
July 31, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753676/intraday-seasonalities-and-nonstationarity-of-trading-volume-in-financial-markets-collective-features
#10
Michelle B Graczyk, Sílvio M Duarte Queirós
Employing Random Matrix Theory and Principal Component Analysis techniques, we enlarge our work on the individual and cross-sectional intraday statistical properties of trading volume in financial markets to the study of collective intraday features of that financial observable. Our data consist of the trading volume of the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index components spanning the years between 2003 and 2014. Computing the intraday time dependent correlation matrices and their spectrum of eigenvalues, we show there is a mode ruling the collective behaviour of the trading volume of these stocks whereas the remaining eigenvalues are within the bounds established by random matrix theory, except the second largest eigenvalue which is robustly above the upper bound limit at the opening and slightly above it during the morning-afternoon transition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752212/factors-affecting-the-livestock-herd-size-among-smallholder-households-in-zambia
#11
Mary Lubungu
Structural changes in the economic and demographic landscapes in the developing countries create a host of opportunities for smallholder livestock producers to tap into the economic growth from which they have largely been excluded. However, small livestock herd sizes limit the opportunities available to farmers to commercialize and benefit from the growing demand for livestock and livestock products. Therefore, understanding what it takes to build and maintain the herd size is a critical step in addressing the problem of low market participation...
July 27, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708865/a-deep-learning-framework-for-financial-time-series-using-stacked-autoencoders-and-long-short-term-memory
#12
Wei Bao, Jun Yue, Yulei Rao
The application of deep learning approaches to finance has received a great deal of attention from both investors and researchers. This study presents a novel deep learning framework where wavelet transforms (WT), stacked autoencoders (SAEs) and long-short term memory (LSTM) are combined for stock price forecasting. The SAEs for hierarchically extracted deep features is introduced into stock price forecasting for the first time. The deep learning framework comprises three stages. First, the stock price time series is decomposed by WT to eliminate noise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706778/evaluation-of-healthy2go-a-country-store-transformation-project-to-improve-the-food-environment-and-consumer-choices-in-appalachian-kentucky
#13
Joshua A Rushakoff, Daniel E Zoughbie, Nancy Bui, Katerina DeVito, Leila Makarechi, Hitomi Kubo
Rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Kentucky's Cumberland Valley region are among the highest in the United States and limited access to healthy food contributes to these epidemics. The aim of Healthy2Go (H2G), a country store transformation project launched by Spread the Health Appalachia (STHA), was to improve awareness and availability of healthy options in small, rural stores. Ten country stores participated in H2G and received training and technical assistance to increase availability and awareness of healthy foods...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695833/investigation-on-the-collection-and-economy-of-medicinal-leeches-from-wetlands-around-lake-e%C3%A4-irdir-turkey
#15
Mustafa Ceylan, Osman Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the collection and economy of medicinal leeches from wetlands around Lake Eğirdir, Turkey. METHODS: Data used in this study were based on findings, observations, and face-to-face interviews obtained from a research performed between January 2013 - February 2016 on medicinal leech populations. RESULTS: The leech collecting is carried out without any permission, by both local peoples and others especially who are from Afyonkarahisar...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683130/does-network-topology-influence-systemic-risk-contribution-a-perspective-from-the-industry-indices-in-chinese-stock-market
#16
Haiming Long, Ji Zhang, Nengyu Tang
This study considers the effect of an industry's network topology on its systemic risk contribution to the stock market using data from the CSI 300 two-tier industry indices from the Chinese stock market. We first measure industry's conditional-value-at-risk (CoVaR) and the systemic risk contribution (ΔCoVaR) using the fitted time-varying t-copula function. The network of the stock industry is established based on dynamic conditional correlations with the minimum spanning tree. Then, we investigate the connection characteristics and topology of the network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679233/multifractal-temporally-weighted-detrended-cross-correlation-analysis-to-quantify-power-law-cross-correlation-and-its-application-to-stock-markets
#17
Yun-Lan Wei, Zu-Guo Yu, Hai-Long Zou, Vo Anh
A new method-multifractal temporally weighted detrended cross-correlation analysis (MF-TWXDFA)-is proposed to investigate multifractal cross-correlations in this paper. This new method is based on multifractal temporally weighted detrended fluctuation analysis and multifractal cross-correlation analysis (MFCCA). An innovation of the method is applying geographically weighted regression to estimate local trends in the nonstationary time series. We also take into consideration the sign of the fluctuations in computing the corresponding detrended cross-covariance function...
June 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677690/vaccination-ecosystem-health-check-achieving-impact-today-and-sustainability-for-tomorrow
#18
Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, David Bloom, Stanley Plotkin, Valentina Picot, Jacques Louis, Michael Watson
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is a complex ecosystem with several components that interact with one another and with the environment. Today's vaccine ecosystem is defined by the pursuit of polio eradication, the drive to get as many of the new vaccines to as many people as possible and the research and development against immunologically challenging diseases. Despite these successes, vaccine ecosystem is facing keys issues with regard to supply/distribution and cost/profitability asymmetry that risk slowing its global growth...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674463/degrowth-taking-stock-and-reviewing-an-emerging-academic-paradigm
#19
REVIEW
Martin Weiss, Claudio Cattaneo
Degrowth has evolved within a decade from an activist movement into a multi-disciplinary academic paradigm. However, an overview taking stock of the peer-refereed degrowth literature is yet missing. Here, we review 91 articles that were published between 2006 and 2015. We find that the academic degrowth discourse occupies a small but expanding niche at the intersection of social and applied environmental sciences. The discourse is shaped by authors from high-income, mainly Mediterranean, countries. Until 2012, articles largely constitute conceptual essays endorsed by normative claims...
July 2017: Ecological Economics: the Journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672026/weibo-sentiments-and-stock-return-a-time-frequency-view
#20
Yingying Xu, Zhixin Liu, Jichang Zhao, Chiwei Su
This study provides new insights into the relationships between social media sentiments and the stock market in China. Based on machine learning, we classify microblogs posted on Sina Weibo, a Twitter's variant in China into five detailed sentiments of anger, disgust, fear, joy, and sadness. Using wavelet analysis, we find close positive linkages between sentiments and the stock return, which have both frequency and time-varying features. Five detailed sentiments are positively related to the stock return for certain periods, particularly since October 2014 at medium to high frequencies of less than ten trading days, when the stock return is undergoing significant fluctuations...
2017: PloS One
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