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ethics in dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074930/does-student-debt-affect-dental-students-and-dentists-stress-levels
#1
J D Boyles, B Ahmed
Introduction Many studies have shown financial worries and debt to induce stress in individuals, this combined with the existing stress of being a dentist raises the question of how student debt affects students' and dentists' stress levels.Objectives Determine whether student debt has had any noticeable effect on student stress levels; investigate whether student debt has any effect on dentists' career choice; investigate whether the increase in tuition fees has influenced the number of applicants to study dentistry at the University of Birmingham...
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027879/emerging-ethical-issues-in-restorative-dentistry
#2
John W Nicholson
This article reviews some of the merging ethical issues in restorative dentistry. This is a branch of healthcare concerned with quality of life, since retention of functioning teeth is important in allowing a healthy diet to be consumed. Yet the supply of dentists is such that, in many of the world's poorest countries, extraction is the only viable option for treating tooth decay. Available repair materials present various ethical problems. Silver amalgam is being phased out in much of the world, because of environmental concerns with mercury, yet it is cheap and reliable...
October 13, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016594/application-of-ultraviolet-light-in-dental-identification-of-avalanche-victims
#3
Nitin Kumar Agrawal, Samarika Dahal, Harihar Wasti, Alistair Soon
In any disaster, it becomes important to identify the deceased for ethical, social and legal causes.Out of the numerous methods of identification, dental comparison is considered to be one of the scientific methods in a Disaster Victim Identification process. The two victims of avalanche in Nepal were identified using dental comparison. The two bodies brought for examination were unidentifiable visually. To aid identification of tooth coloured restorations, ultraviolet light was used. The ultraviolet light made the tooth coloured restorations appear distinct from the adjacent tooth structure in one of the cases...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979910/interdisciplinary-and-inter-institutional-differences-in-learning-preferences-among-malaysian-medical-and-health-sciences-students
#4
Rebecca S Y Wong, Heng Loke Siow, Vinoth Kumarasamy, Nazrila Shaherah Fadhlullah Suhaimi
INTRODUCTION: The learner-centred approach in medical and health sciences education makes the study of learning preferences relevant and important. This study aimed to investigate the interdisciplinary, inter-institutional, gender and racial differences in the preferred learning styles among Malaysian medical and health sciences students in three Malaysian universities, namely SEGi University (SEGi), University of Malaya (UM) and Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR). It also investigated the differences in the preferred learning styles of these students between high achievers and non-high achievers...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966290/oral-function-and-nutritional-status-among-the-elderly-with-facial-and-oral-tactile-hypersensitivity-who-are-under-long-term-care
#5
Maki Shirobe, Rena Nakayama, Hirohiko Hirano, Yuki Ohara, Keiko Endo, Yutaka Watanabe, Chiyoko Hakuta
Objective In oral health care, a refusal action can cause difficulties, and tactile hypersensitivity (TH) may be a contributing factor. People with TH of the face and mouth clench their jaws. Despite numerous reports on TH among children with disabilities, reports on TH in the elderly who are under long-term care are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate TH among the elderly who are under long-term care.Methods We selected 80 residents (8 men and 72 women; mean age: 91.1±6.2y) in a Tokyo nursing home and investigated the presence of TH in them...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#6
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
October 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910382/refining-experimental-dental-implant-testing-in-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-using-3d-computed-tomography-a-morphometric-study-of-the-mandibular-canal
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giuliano M Corte, Johanna Plendl, Hana Hünigen, Kenneth C Richardson, Ole Gemeinhardt, Stefan M Niehues
This study reports morphometric and age-related data of the mandibular canal and the alveolar ridge of the Göttingen Minipig to avoid complications during in vivo testing of endosseus dental implants and to compare these data with the human anatomy. Using 3D computed tomography, six parameters of the mandibular canal as well as the alveolar bone height and the alveolar ridge width were measured in Göttingen Minipigs aged 12, 17 and 21 months. Our null hypothesis assumes that the age and the body mass have an influence on the parameters measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864799/expected-changes-in-regulation-and-licensure-influence-on-future-education-of-dentists
#8
Frank A Catalanotto
This article is based on the following assumptions about dental care in the United States: there is an access to oral health care problem; the number of individuals with dental insurance is increasing; the demographics of the dental profession does not mirror the overall demographics of the U.S. population; and emerging oral health workforce models may help improve access to care. Based on these assumptions, this article explores related licensure and regulatory factors that will influence the education and practice of dentists in the future...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#9
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853142/-blowing-the-whistle-the-ethical-professional-and-legal-implications-of-raising-concerns-and-self-regulation-within-dentistry
#10
REVIEW
Acl Holden
'Whistle-blowers' are a necessary part of any system; dentistry is no different. The role of whistle-blowers in dentistry has been enshrined in Australian law since 2010. Raising concerns has become a legal duty as well as an ethical and professional obligation. It is important that these different aspects of raising concerns are explored as each adds another layer of consideration to the issue. The health professional's duty to whistle-blow could be viewed as problematic; the observance of this duty is associated with being 'trapped between a rock and a hard place' where any decision to engage or not may have negative consequences...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833993/high-fidelity-simulation-in-training-dental-students-for-medical-life-threatening-emergency
#11
E Roy, V E Quinsat, O Bazin, P Lesclous, C Lejus-Bourdeau
INTRODUCTION: Any dental surgeon may be faced with a critical life-threatening emergency situation. In our university, all students in dentistry receive a standard course on emergency first aid. The aim of this prospective, comparative, single-centre study was to determine whether additional training on a high-fidelity patient simulator would improve student performance. METHODS: After approval by an Ethical Committee and written informed consent, the students of the Simulation group (n=42) had full-scale high-fidelity training on a patient simulator SimMan 3G(™) (3 hours by six students)...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791081/is-the-late-mandibular-fracture-from-third-molar-extraction-a-risk-towards-malpractice-case-report-with-the-analysis-of-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#13
Weuler Dos Santos Silva, Rubens Jorge Silveira, Michelle Gouveia Benicio de Araujo Andrade, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports a case of late mandibular fracture due to third molar extraction and highlights the inherent clinical, ethical and legal aspects related to this surgical complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A female patient underwent surgical procedure for the extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Two days after the surgery the patient reported pain and altered occlusion in the right side of the mandible. After clinical and radiographic re-examination, the diagnosis of late mandibular fracture was established...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#14
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765437/humanism-in-dental-education-a-comparison-of-theory-intention-and-stakeholder-perceptions-at-a-north-american-dental-school
#15
Lucinda Lyon, Lisa E Itaya, Terry Hoover, Mark T Booth, Nader Nadershahi
In today's dental education environment, a humanistic culture is an expectation for all U.S. dental schools, codified in 2013 by its inclusion in the Commission on Dental Accreditation's standards for accreditation. The University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry has made an active commitment to humanism since the mid-1970s. The aim of this study was to determine how well the school's students and faculty and staff members perceived the school was living up to its formal aspirational values and who was benefitting from the humanistic culture...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698331/efficacy-of-conventional-treatment-with-composite-resin-and-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-in-posterior-primary-teeth-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig, Cíntia Saori Sahiara, Laysa Yoshioka, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Isabela Floriano, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Mariana Minatel Braga, Daniela Procida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread acceptance of conventional treatment using composite resin in primary teeth, there is limited evidence that this approach is the best option in paediatric clinics. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) using high-viscosity glass ionomer cement has gradually become more popular because it performs well in clinical studies, is easy to handle and is patient friendly. Therefore, the aim of this randomised clinical trial study is to compare the restoration longevity of conventional treatment using composite resin with that of ART in posterior primary teeth...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683764/a-survey-of-retracted-articles-in-dentistry
#17
Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Andréia Souza Gonçalves, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Aline Carvalho Batista, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Publication retraction is a mechanism to preserve the scientific literature against publications that contain seriously flawed or erroneous data, redundant publication, plagiarism, unethical research, and other features that compromise the integrity of science. An increase in the occurrence of retractions in recent years has been reported. Nevertheless, there is scarce information on this topic concerning publications in dentistry and related specialties. Thus, this study aimed to investigate retracted papers published in dental journals...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661282/informed-consent-in-dentistry
#18
Kevin I Reid
A review of literature regarding informed consent in dentistry reveals a paucity of information and minimal scholarship devoted to this subject. But this begs the question about informed consent somehow being different for dentistry than for medicine or other healthcare delivery. My account draws distinctions where appropriate but is rooted in the premise that informed consent is an ethical construct applicable to vulnerable people as patients independent of what type of treatment or body part being considered...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658905/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-towards-avulsed-permanent-tooth-of-their-children-and-its-emergency-management-in-bhopal-city
#19
Ankur Jain, Parimala Kulkarni, Srikant Kumar, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Dental avulsion is a commonly reported traumatic injury causing pain, aesthetic, functional, psychological and mental impairment. Since parents are in the immediate vicinity of children in such situations, their knowledge regarding the same is of great importance. AIM: The aim of present study was to assess the level of parental knowledge and their attitude towards dental avulsion and its emergency management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-stemmed questionnaire was prepared for this study which was modified form of questionnaire used by Raphael and Gregory...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#20
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
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