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ethics in dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747182/consumer-driven-and-commercialised-practice-in-dentistry-an-ethical-and-professional-problem
#1
(no author information available yet)
Who profits from the dentist/patient relationship?
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#2
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687093/editorial-the-big-six-in-dentistry-marketing-and-ethics
#3
Alessandro Devigus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670734/evolution-of-oral-health-in-oral-cancer-patients-with-and-without-dental-treatment-in-place-before-during-and-after-cancer-treatment
#4
Jesus Nuñez-Aguilar, Ana Fernández-Olavarría, Luis-Guillermo Oliveros-López, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Maria-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Background: This study aims to evaluate the influence of two dental treatment protocols, outpatient non-regulated treatment versus supervised hospital treatment, on the oral health of patients undergoing oral cancer (only radiochemotherapy treatment, not surgical) treatment. Material and Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental approach justified on ethical grounds. A total of 41 patients were included in the control group (outpatient non-regulated treatment) and 40 patients in the experimental group (in-hospital supervised treatment)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652004/factors-associated-with-patients-satisfaction-of-rubber-dam-use-during-root-canal-treatment
#5
Manal Maslamani, Amal K Mitra
Background: The use of rubber dam (RD) has been recommended in dental procedures including root canal treatment. The aim of the study was to identify factors that were associated with patients' satisfaction and acceptance of RD. Setting and Design: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted from January 2015 to December 2016 at Kuwait University School of Dentistry. Materials and Methods: A pretested questionnaire was used by a face-to-face interview of patients after taking informed consent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628734/the-implications-and-applications-of-nanotechnology-in-dentistry-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Rawan N AlKahtani
The emerging science of nanotechnology, especially within the dental and medical fields, sparked a research interest in their potential applications and benefits in comparison to conventional materials used. Therefore, a better understanding of the science behind nanotechnology is essential to appreciate how these materials can be utilised in our daily practice. The present paper will help the reader understand nanoscience, and the benefits and limitations of nanotechnology by addressing its ethical, social, and health implications...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#7
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576609/initiating-research-in-a-private-dental-practice
#8
K Hare, N Yadev, C Campbell
Research is an intrinsic part of both academia and clinical best practice. Within an academic environment, this can include access to advice and guidance from trained professionals. Similarly, while sometimes overly risk-averse, within the NHS there is a structured and systematic approach to healthcare research. However, in the UK, a large number of specialist dental procedures take place within the private healthcare system, which does not have access to such support and guidance. How, then, can we generate our own dental research from private dental primary care settings? With a number of phrases becoming part of everyday vocabulary in dental primary care, such as practice-based research, patient-centred outcomes, evidence-based dentistry, it is time to consider this...
March 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#9
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560603/consumer-driven-and-commercialised-practice-in-dentistry-an-ethical-and-professional-problem
#10
A C L Holden
The rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the interpretation of the patient-professional relationship...
March 20, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532813/ethical-dilemmas-of-dental-implantology-ready-for-aftercare
#11
Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Mathias Schmidt
Dental implantology is one of the most attractive and dynamic fields of work within clinical dentistry. It provides many patients with new and improved opportunities for stable (implant-supported) rehabilitation and also offers dentists a field that is interesting in both technical and economic terms. Adverse clinical outcomes are, however, often the subject of discussion. These relate both to prosthetic failure and to biologic complications and side effects, namely persistent infections surrounding implants...
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496802/should-live-patient-licensing-examinations-in-dentistry-be-discontinued-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-alternative-assessment-models-are-not-yet-viable-replacements-for-live-patients-in-clinical-licensure-exams-and-viewpoint-2-ethical-and-patient-care-concerns
#12
Tien-Min Gabriel Chu, Nicholas M Makhoul, Daniela Rodrigues Silva, Theresa S Gonzales, Ariadne Letra, Keith A Mays
This Point/Counterpoint article addresses a long-standing but still-unresolved debate on the advantages and disadvantages of using live patients in dental licensure exams. Two contrasting viewpoints are presented. Viewpoint 1 supports the traditional use of live patients, arguing that other assessment models have not yet been demonstrated to be viable alternatives to the actual treatment of patients in the clinical licensure process. This viewpoint also contends that the use of live patients and inherent variances in live patient treatment represent the realities of daily private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460517/peri-implant-test-is-a-proposal-of-a-new-procedure-to-prevent-peri-implantitis-and-forensic-claims
#13
R M Gaudio, L Ottria, D Lauritano, A Palmieri, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful techniques for oral rehabilitation over the last 20 years. The success rate of implant oral rehabilitation is above 80% while peri-implant disease (PID) is the most important complication of implant dentistry. The main cause of PID is considered bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection of a two-piece implant system. Prevention and control of bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection is mandatory for reducing inflammation process around implants neck and achieving bone stability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377968/-preventive-dentistry-9-non-restorative-cavity-treatment-advanced-insight-or-controversial
#14
R J M Gruythuysen, A J P van Strijp
Non-Restorative Cavity Treatment (NRCT) is not as popular in paediatric dentistry as it should be. Substantial quantitative and qualitative evidence concerning the treatment has now been published that testifies to the success of the treatment. Some healthcare providers apply the method successfully, while others have no trust in this non-invasive cavity treatment and continue to favour the restoration of carious lesions. Reasons given for this are, among others, that NRCT is too bothersome, the patient's (or the patient's parents') compliance is low and the reimbursement is inadequate...
January 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358432/longitudinal-impact-of-interprofessional-education-on-attitudes-skills-and-career-trajectories-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-new-zealand
#15
Ben Darlow, Melanie Brown, Peter Gallagher, Lesley Gray, Eileen McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Christine Wilson, Sue Pullon
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional practice is recognised as an important element of safe and effective healthcare. However, few studies exist that evaluate how preregistration education contributes to interprofessional competencies, and how these competencies develop throughout the early years of a health professional's career. This quasiexperimental study will gather longitudinal data during students' last year of preregistration training and their first 3 years of professional practice to evaluate the ongoing development of interprofessional competencies and the influence that preregistration education including an explicit interprofessional education (IPE) programme may have on these...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#16
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335047/money-in-tension-with-ethics-a-commentary
#17
David A Nash
Monetary incentives are frequently in tension with evidence-based and cost-effective clinical care, thus posing an ethical concern in the practice of dentistry. The purpose of this commentary was to examine the issue of treating children in the context of caries risk assessment and with specific reference to the periodic oral examination, radiographic surveillance, topical fluorides, and the pumice rubber prophylaxis.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184834/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-upper-middle-class-toward-the-importance-of-a-pediatric-dentist
#18
Gunmeen Sadana, Satinder Walia, Hashmit Kaur Rai, Neha Aggarwal, Ankita Bhargava
Aims and Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of upper middle class toward the importance of a pediatric dentist in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the parents of children belonging to upper middle class in the city of Amritsar. This proposed study was assessed by the Institutional Ethical Committee (531/IDSR/2016) and their clearance was attained...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171516/upper-anterior-tooth-dimensions-in-a-young-adult-indian-population-in-the-uk-implications-for-aesthetic-dentistry
#19
T B Shetty, F Beyuo, N H F Wilson
Introduction Knowledge of tooth dimensions and relationships and ethnic variations in these parameters are important in the planning and provision of aesthetic dentistry.Aim The aim of the present study was to investigate the dimensions and relationships of the upper anterior teeth in young adults of Indian origin, living in an urban location in the UK, and to compare the data obtained with data pertaining to other ethnic groups.Materials and methods This was a qualitative, non-experimental, cross sectional descriptive study with ethical approval...
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170283/local-anaesthetics-combined-with-vasoconstrictors-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#20
Caio Chaves Guimaraes, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The use of vasoconstrictors combined with local anaesthetics (LAs) in dentistry for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still controversial in the scientific literature. It raises concerns regarding the possibility of transient episodes, triggering negative cardiovascular outcomes. METHOD/DESIGN: Trials eligible for our systematic review will enrol patients with CVD who have undergone dental treatments carried out with the use of LAs by comparing two arms: LAs with vasoconstrictors and LAs without vasoconstrictors...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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