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ethics in dentistry

E Hazar Bodrumlu, A Avşar, S Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse is a serious public problem. Signs of abuse are often present in the oro-facial region and dentists are in a strategic position to recognise and report suspected cases. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' knowledge about and attitudes towards child abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Ondokuz Mayis University. The data were collected through a self-report questionnaire administered to dental students (137 female/111 male) in three different dental classes (third, fourth and fifth study years) and grouped by considering those students who have been training in the school year of 2013...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Mathieu Mouhat, James Mercer, Lina Stangvaltaite, Ulf Örtengren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how heat development in the pulp chamber and coronal surface of natural teeth with and without cusps subjected to irradiance using light-emitting diode (LED)-light-curing units (LCUs) is associated with (i) irradiance, (ii) time, (iii) distance, and (iv) radiant exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different LED-LCUs were used. Their irradiance was measured with a calibrated spectrometer (BlueLight Analytics Inc., Halifax, Canada). An experimental rig was constructed to control the thermal environment of the teeth...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Rajni Aggarwal, Prashant Babaji, S Senthil Nathan, George Attokaran, S M Santosh Kumar, Sharanpriya Sathnoorkar
AIM: The present study aims to compare the peri-implant bone status around immediately loaded dental implants treated with aminobisphosphonate solution and untreated control implants in terms of clinical and radiographical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients were randomly divided equally into two groups. This study was conducted in accordance to the Helsinki's declaration of 1975, revised in 2000, and with the approval of the institutional ethical committee...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Neeraj Malhotra
iPS cells are derived from somatic cells via transduction and expression of selective transcription factors. Both viral-integrating (like retroviral) and non-integrating (like, mRNA or protein-based) techniques are available for the production of iPS cells. In the field of dentistry, iPS cells have been derived from stem cells of apical papilla, dental pulp stem cells, and stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth, gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and buccal mucosa fibroblasts. iPS cells have the potential to differentiate into all derivatives of the 3 primary germ layers i...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Larry Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Today's FDA: Official Monthly Journal of the Florida Dental Association
Chandrashekar Janakiram, Farheen Taha
Screening is the detection of disease at a point in its natural history when it is not yet symptomatic. In the natural history of dental caries, for example, the incipient lesions are at a reversible stage, which is a pre-symptomatic or an unrecognised symptomatic disease. Ideally, this is the stage during which screening should identify the risk of dental caries; however, presently, the so-called dental screening employed identifies the clinical cavitation of the tooth, which is very obvious to the individual...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Alexander C L Holden
Social media is no longer a new concept, with social media platforms dominating how many communicate. It would be unrealistic to expect that dentistry would not become involved in the use of social media for professional reasons, as well as professionals using social media platforms privately. Despite it being acceptable for dental professionals to have social media presence, those dental professionals have a framework of professional, ethical and legal obligations to which they must conform when using social media...
July 29, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Azhar Iqbal
INTRODUCTION: The endodontic failure is a common problem in dentistry. The success of endodontic and re-endodontic treatment depends on many factors. These includes periodontal disease, root fractures, residual necrotic pulp tissue, presence of peri-radicular infection, broken instruments, mechanical perforations, root canal underfillings, root canal overfillings, missed canals or unfilled canals. AIM: The present research was aimed at evaluating the different factors responsible for endodontic treatment failure in permanent dentitions of the patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Bibiana Arantes Moraes, Nilce Maria da Silva Costa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze Pedagogical Projects Courses (PPCs) from the healthcare field in light of the National Curriculum Standards (NCS) policies on healthcare training. METHOD: Exploratory descriptive study of qualitative approach, in which were carried out analyzes of PPPs of Nursing, Pharmacy, Medicine, Nutrition and Dentistry of a federal university in the Midwest region of Brazil. As technical analysis of documentary sources, adopted the content analysis in the thematic mode...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Ahmet Selim Özkan, Mehmet Ali Erdoğan, Mukadder Şanlı, Osman Kaçmaz, Mahmut Durmuş, Cemil Çolak
OBJECTIVE: Most dental procedures can be performed with local anaesthesia, however noncompliant paediatric patients, patients with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders, severe anxiety, severe craniofacial anomalies and orofacial trauma may need general anaesthesia. In these patients accompanying central nervous system diseases and airway problems increase the risk of complications. Anaesthesia records of 467 cases of dental surgery performed under general anaesthesia between 2011-2014 is reported with information from the recent literature...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Adriana Maria Calvo, Mariel Tavares de Oliveira Prado, Thiago José Dionísio, Maria Paula Marques, Daniel Thomas Brozoski, Vera Lúcia Lanchote, Flávio Augusto Cardoso Faria, Carlos Ferreira Santos
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used by the general population to alleviate inflammation and pain after oral surgeries. Piroxicam is among the most commonly used NSAIDs and excels in controlling pain, swelling, trismus and other common symptoms of inflammation. This study aimed to evaluate different concentrations of piroxicam and its major metabolite, 5'-hydroxypiroxicam, in human plasma samples over time using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after liquid-liquid extraction...
May 20, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman
The ADA Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct is an expression of the obligation occurring between the profession and society to meet the oral health needs of the public. At a time of economic concerns for the profession, suggestions are made to bring together the ethics of the profession and the need to expand services to underserved populations, including individuals with disabilities and the poor. The profession's effort to secure economic support for such an effort is possible with increased legislative awareness of the magnitude of the problem...
March 2016: New York State Dental Journal
Nandita Kottieth Pallam, Karen Boaz, Srikant Natrajan, Minu Raj, Nidhi Manaktala, Amitha J Lewis
AIM: The study aimed to determine the technique with maximum accuracy in production of bite mark overlay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty subjects (10 males and 20 females; all aged 20-30 years) with complete set of natural upper and lower anterior teeth were selected for this study after obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee. The upper and lower alginate impressions were taken and die stone models were obtained from each impression; overlays were produced from the biting surfaces of six upper and six lower anterior teeth by hand tracing from study casts, hand tracing from wax impressions of the bite surface, radiopaque wax impression method, and xerographic method...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Alberto Consolaro, Daniele Nóbrega Nardoni, Leopoldino Capelozza Filho, Paulo Henrique X Franco, José Antônio Z Cappellozza
In Brazilian cities and states governed efficiently with wealth ethically administered, carious and periodontal diseases have prevalence rates similar to those found in socially developed European countries. This shift in reality, noticed over the last 15 years, reflects on changes in the etiological factors related to patients' major expectations and needs--especially young and orthodontic patients--which turn out to be a result of dental trauma, malocclusion, facial aspect, dental agenesis and iatrogenesis...
January 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar, Peush Sahni
Note: This editorial is being published simultaneously in the Indian Heart Journal, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Urology, Indian Pediatrics, International Journal of Health Research & Medicolegal Practice, Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Journal of Clinical and Scientific Research, Journal of Conservative Dentistry, Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, and The National Medical Journal of India...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Alvin G Wee, Robert O Weiss, Christopher S Wichman, Cortino Sukotjo, Gerald C Brundo
The primary aim of this study was to determine the characteristics that current chairpersons in restorative dentistry, general dentistry, prosthodontics, and operative dentistry departments in U.S. dental schools feel are most relevant in contributing to their success. The secondary aim was to determine these individuals' rankings of the importance of a listed set of characteristics for them to be successful in their position. All 82 current chairs of the specified departments were invited to respond to an electronic survey...
March 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Ahmad A Madarati
BACKGROUND: This survey study aimed at investigating the frequency of rubber dam use during root canal treatment, identifying influencing factors for not using it by Saudi general dental practitioners (GDPs) and endodontists. It also aimed at identifying measures that increase rubber dam usage. METHODS: After obtaining an ethical approval, two pilot studies were conducted on staff members at Taibah University College of Dentistry and a group of GDPs. A final online survey was constructed comprising 17 close-ended questions divided into six categories: demographics, endodontic practice, rubber dam use, alternative isolation methods, reasons for not using rubber dam, and measures and policies that increase its usage...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Damien Offner, Marion Strub, Christelle Rebert, Anne-Marie Musset
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the efficiency of an ethical method, based on a thought experiment in ethics, on hygiene rules compliance for dental health care team members. METHODS: This is a prospective study that assesses hygiene compliance in dental practice before and after a thought experiment in ethics, using 2 questionnaires. Participants included 130 clinician students in dentistry at Strasbourg University Hospital, France. RESULTS: The results emphasize a better implementation of hygiene rules after the thought experiment in ethics, when comparing the relative frequencies of completed hygiene items...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
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