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ethics in dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#1
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
September 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910382/refining-experimental-dental-implant-testing-in-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-using-3d-computed-tomography-a-morphometric-study-of-the-mandibular-canal
#2
Giuliano M Corte, Johanna Plendl, Hana Hünigen, Kenneth C Richardson, Ole Gemeinhardt, Stefan M Niehues
This study reports morphometric and age-related data of the mandibular canal and the alveolar ridge of the Göttingen Minipig to avoid complications during in vivo testing of endosseus dental implants and to compare these data with the human anatomy. Using 3D computed tomography, six parameters of the mandibular canal as well as the alveolar bone height and the alveolar ridge width were measured in Göttingen Minipigs aged 12, 17 and 21 months. Our null hypothesis assumes that the age and the body mass have an influence on the parameters measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864799/expected-changes-in-regulation-and-licensure-influence-on-future-education-of-dentists
#3
Frank A Catalanotto
This article is based on the following assumptions about dental care in the United States: there is an access to oral health care problem; the number of individuals with dental insurance is increasing; the demographics of the dental profession does not mirror the overall demographics of the U.S. population; and emerging oral health workforce models may help improve access to care. Based on these assumptions, this article explores related licensure and regulatory factors that will influence the education and practice of dentists in the future...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#4
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853142/blowing-the-whistle-the-ethical-professional-and-legal-implications-of-raising-concerns-and-self-regulation-within-dentistry
#5
REVIEW
Alexander C L Holden
Whistle-blowers are a necessary part of any system; dentistry is no different. The role of whistle-blowers in dentistry has been enshrined in Australian law since 2010. Raising concerns has become a legal duty as well as an ethical and professional obligation. It is important that these different aspects of raising concerns are explored as each adds another layer of consideration to the issue. The health professional's duty to whistle-blow could be viewed as problematic; the observance of this duty is associated with being trapped between a rock and a hard place where any decision to engage or not may have negative consequences...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833993/high-fidelity-simulation-in-training-dental-students-for-medical-life-threatening-emergency
#6
E Roy, V E Quinsat, O Bazin, P Lesclous, C Lejus-Bourdeau
INTRODUCTION: Any dental surgeon may be faced with a critical life-threatening emergency situation. In our university, all students in dentistry receive a standard course on emergency first aid. The aim of this prospective, comparative, single-centre study was to determine whether additional training on a high-fidelity patient simulator would improve student performance. METHODS: After approval by an Ethical Committee and written informed consent, the students of the Simulation group (n=42) had full-scale high-fidelity training on a patient simulator SimMan 3G(™) (3 hours by six students)...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791081/is-the-late-mandibular-fracture-from-third-molar-extraction-a-risk-towards-malpractice-case-report-with-the-analysis-of-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#8
Weuler Dos Santos Silva, Rubens Jorge Silveira, Michelle Gouveia Benicio de Araujo Andrade, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports a case of late mandibular fracture due to third molar extraction and highlights the inherent clinical, ethical and legal aspects related to this surgical complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A female patient underwent surgical procedure for the extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Two days after the surgery the patient reported pain and altered occlusion in the right side of the mandible. After clinical and radiographic re-examination, the diagnosis of late mandibular fracture was established...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#9
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765437/humanism-in-dental-education-a-comparison-of-theory-intention-and-stakeholder-perceptions-at-a-north-american-dental-school
#10
Lucinda Lyon, Lisa E Itaya, Terry Hoover, Mark T Booth, Nader Nadershahi
In today's dental education environment, a humanistic culture is an expectation for all U.S. dental schools, codified in 2013 by its inclusion in the Commission on Dental Accreditation's standards for accreditation. The University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry has made an active commitment to humanism since the mid-1970s. The aim of this study was to determine how well the school's students and faculty and staff members perceived the school was living up to its formal aspirational values and who was benefitting from the humanistic culture...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698331/efficacy-of-conventional-treatment-with-composite-resin-and-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-in-posterior-primary-teeth-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig, Cíntia Saori Sahiara, Laysa Yoshioka, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Isabela Floriano, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Mariana Minatel Braga, Daniela Procida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread acceptance of conventional treatment using composite resin in primary teeth, there is limited evidence that this approach is the best option in paediatric clinics. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) using high-viscosity glass ionomer cement has gradually become more popular because it performs well in clinical studies, is easy to handle and is patient friendly. Therefore, the aim of this randomised clinical trial study is to compare the restoration longevity of conventional treatment using composite resin with that of ART in posterior primary teeth...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683764/a-survey-of-retracted-articles-in-dentistry
#12
Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Andréia Souza Gonçalves, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Aline Carvalho Batista, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Publication retraction is a mechanism to preserve the scientific literature against publications that contain seriously flawed or erroneous data, redundant publication, plagiarism, unethical research, and other features that compromise the integrity of science. An increase in the occurrence of retractions in recent years has been reported. Nevertheless, there is scarce information on this topic concerning publications in dentistry and related specialties. Thus, this study aimed to investigate retracted papers published in dental journals...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661282/informed-consent-in-dentistry
#13
Kevin I Reid
A review of literature regarding informed consent in dentistry reveals a paucity of information and minimal scholarship devoted to this subject. But this begs the question about informed consent somehow being different for dentistry than for medicine or other healthcare delivery. My account draws distinctions where appropriate but is rooted in the premise that informed consent is an ethical construct applicable to vulnerable people as patients independent of what type of treatment or body part being considered...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658905/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-towards-avulsed-permanent-tooth-of-their-children-and-its-emergency-management-in-bhopal-city
#14
Ankur Jain, Parimala Kulkarni, Srikant Kumar, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Dental avulsion is a commonly reported traumatic injury causing pain, aesthetic, functional, psychological and mental impairment. Since parents are in the immediate vicinity of children in such situations, their knowledge regarding the same is of great importance. AIM: The aim of present study was to assess the level of parental knowledge and their attitude towards dental avulsion and its emergency management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-stemmed questionnaire was prepared for this study which was modified form of questionnaire used by Raphael and Gregory...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#15
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#16
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540233/international-volunteerism-and-global-responsibility
#17
REVIEW
Gopal Badlani
To review the current status of volunteerism in the field of urology as a global responsibility, a PubMed search was done with keywords: international volunteer, urology, global health, international resident education. Furthermore, internet search using Google and Bing as search engines for the same key words was done. Websites of multinational urological organizations was researched for available information. Expert opinions of key individuals in the arena were obtained. There is a paucity of published literature as to the efforts and outcomes of volunteerism in Urology; most of the information is related to the fistula repair outcomes in medical literature...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527476/forensic-medicine-and-the-military-population-international-dental-records-and-personal-identification-concerns
#18
Maria Inês Guimarães, Augusta Silveira, Teresa Sequeira, Joaquim Gonçalves, Maria José Carneiro Sousa, Aurora Valenzuela
INTRODUCTION: The first goal of this research was to perceive the global commitment towards the organization and archiving of dental records and to compare it with each country's security risk rating. The second one was to study dental records in a sample of the Portuguese military population, using the available national dental records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An e-mail was sent to representative dentistry associations in several countries, requesting some information concerning the professionals' awareness of this issue...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492186/recent-research-trends-in-dentistry
#20
REVIEW
Shobha Tandon, Annapurny Venkiteswaran, Sudhindra M Baliga, Ullal Anand Nayak
Research being an investigative process is employed to increase or revise the current knowledge. Scientific research involves the conduct of a methodical study to prove a hypothesis or give an answer to a specific question with the main aim of finding definitive answer. This paper aims to advance knowledge of research and develop interest in the postgraduate students. It also throws light on the existing and emerging research strengths within a "high-performance culture." The trends in dental research worldwide are looked at, in particular, a comparison between the publication status in two countries, namely India and Australia...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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