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ethics in dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#1
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492186/recent-research-trends-in-dentistry
#2
REVIEW
Shobha Tandon, Annapurny Venkiteswaran, Sudhindra M Baliga, Ullal Anand Nayak
Research being an investigative process is employed to increase or revise the current knowledge. Scientific research involves the conduct of a methodical study to prove a hypothesis or give an answer to a specific question with the main aim of finding definitive answer. This paper aims to advance knowledge of research and develop interest in the postgraduate students. It also throws light on the existing and emerging research strengths within a "high-performance culture." The trends in dental research worldwide are looked at, in particular, a comparison between the publication status in two countries, namely India and Australia...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413600/screening-the-use-of-informed-consent-forms-prior-to-procedures-involving-operative-dentistry-ethical-aspects
#3
Livia Graziele Rodrigues, João Batista De Souza, Erica Miranda De Torres, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Background. The present study aimed to screen the knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward the use of informed consent forms prior to procedures involving operative dentistry. Methods. A research tool containing questions (questionnaire) regarding the use of informed consent forms was developed. The questionnaire consisted of seven questions structured to screen the current practice in operative dentistry towards the use of informed consent forms. Results. The questionnaires were distributed among 731 dentists, of which 179 returned them with answers...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402208/a-dynamic-approach-for-outpatient-scheduling
#4
James Creps, Vahid Lotfi
AIMS: Patient no-show is a recurrent problem in medical centers and, in conjunction with cancellation of appointments, often results in loss of productivity and excessive patient time to appointment. The purpose of this study was to develop a dynamic procedure for scheduling patients within an outpatient clinic where patients are expected to have multiple appointments, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, primary care, and dentistry. METHODS: This retrospective study involved the year 2014 de-identified patient records from an outpatient clinic affiliated with a large university hospital...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301011/research-reporting-guidelines-in-dentistry-a-survey-of-editors
#5
Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, David Moher, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
The use of reporting guidelines has an important role in the development of health research, improving the quality and precision of the publications. This study evaluated how dental journals use reporting guidelines. All editors of dental journals registered on the 2013 Journal Citation Reports list (n=81) were invited to participate. The data were collected by a self-reported web-based questionnaire. Information about the profile of journal/editor and on the use of reporting guidelines by journals was gathered...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280654/prevalence-and-perceptions-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Farooq A Rathore, Rayan Attique, Yumna Asmaa
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is a professionally demanding job, and nurses are prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders. However, no data is available regarding its prevalence among Pakistani nurses. This study was conducted to document the pattern of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in Pakistani nurses and their perceptions about contributing factors and management of WRMDs. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in six hospitals in Lahore and Rawalpindi, which were selected using a convenient sampling technique...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#7
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250033/cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-dental-residency-match-data
#8
Sivaraman Prakasam, Patrick Brady, Veeratrishul Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Kyungsup Shin, Romesh Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
The Dental Residency Match (DRM) program provides an ethical and unbiased selection process for applicants to postdoctoral dental programs, based on mutual interests of applicants and programs. The aims of this study were to conduct a descriptive analysis of DRM metrics for the years 2008 to 2015 and to test the hypothesis that there was a difference in number of ranks submitted between programs that filled all their offered positions and those that did not. DRM metrics data from years 2008 to 2015 were obtained from the National Matching Service...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114928/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-exacerbation-frequency-and-lung-function-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-study-protocol-of-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sergio Romero Santos, Erika Horácio Pinto, Priscila Larcher Longo, Simone Dal Corso, Fernanda Cordoba Lanza, Rafael Stelmach, Samia Zahi Rached, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been associated with periodontal disease (PD), and periodontal treatment (PT) has been connected to reduction of lung disease exacerbations. Bronchiectasis has many clinical similarities with COPD but, although it is also a chronic lung disease, to date it has not been studied with relation to PD. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether PT associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) reduces the number of exacerbations, improves pulmonary function, periodontal clinical parameters and quality of life after 1 year of periodontal treatment follow-up...
January 23, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925368/reflections-on-the-encouragement-of-altruism-in-dental-education
#11
A C L Holden
Dental ethics and professionalism are often relegated to being taught on the coat-tails of other disciplines, if they are taught at all. The assumption that students develop professionalism as a by-product of other learned competencies in dentistry is well documented to be false, and yet, little has been done in many institutions to deal with this. This article seeks to propose that altruism should be championed in dental education and that traditional learning through the preaching of professional codes is not the appropriate way to achieve this...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843829/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-oral-health-care-in-prevention-of-early-childhood-caries-among-parents-of-children-in-belagavi-city-a-questionnaire-study
#12
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794549/clinicians-use-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-in-clinical-practice-and-decision-making
#13
Gillian J Leichtling, Jessica M Irvine, Christi Hildebran, Deborah J Cohen, Sara E Hallvik, Richard A Deyo
OBJECTIVES:  Little is known about clinicians' use of prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) profiles in decision-making. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how clinicians use, interpret, and integrate PDMP profiles with other information in making clinical decisions. DESIGN : Qualitative interviews of clinician PDMP users. SETTING:  Oregon registrants in the state's PDMP. SUBJECTS:  Thirty-three clinicians practicing in primary care, emergency medicine, pain management, psychiatry, dentistry, and surgery...
October 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735105/assessment-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-regard-to-child-abuse-in-turkey
#14
E Hazar Bodrumlu, A Avşar, S Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse is a serious public problem. Signs of abuse are often present in the oro-facial region and dentists are in a strategic position to recognise and report suspected cases. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' knowledge about and attitudes towards child abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Ondokuz Mayis University. The data were collected through a self-report questionnaire administered to dental students (137 female/111 male) in three different dental classes (third, fourth and fifth study years) and grouped by considering those students who have been training in the school year of 2013...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695955/light-curing-units-used-in-dentistry-factors-associated-with-heat-development-potential-risk-for-patients
#15
Mathieu Mouhat, James Mercer, Lina Stangvaltaite, Ulf Örtengren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how heat development in the pulp chamber and coronal surface of natural teeth with and without cusps subjected to irradiance using light-emitting diode (LED)-light-curing units (LCUs) is associated with (i) irradiance, (ii) time, (iii) distance, and (iv) radiant exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different LED-LCUs were used. Their irradiance was measured with a calibrated spectrometer (BlueLight Analytics Inc., Halifax, Canada). An experimental rig was constructed to control the thermal environment of the teeth...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694298/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-13-point-measure-of-students-overall-competence-in-community-based-dental-education-programs
#16
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583214/comparative-clinicoradiographical-evaluation-of-effect-of-aminobisphosphonate-sodium-alendronate-on-peri-implant-bone-status-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Rajni Aggarwal, Prashant Babaji, S Senthil Nathan, George Attokaran, S M Santosh Kumar, Sharanpriya Sathnoorkar
AIM: The present study aims to compare the peri-implant bone status around immediately loaded dental implants treated with aminobisphosphonate solution and untreated control implants in terms of clinical and radiographical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients were randomly divided equally into two groups. This study was conducted in accordance to the Helsinki's declaration of 1975, revised in 2000, and with the approval of the institutional ethical committee...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572712/induced-pluripotent-stem-ips-cells-in-dentistry-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Neeraj Malhotra
iPS cells are derived from somatic cells via transduction and expression of selective transcription factors. Both viral-integrating (like retroviral) and non-integrating (like, mRNA or protein-based) techniques are available for the production of iPS cells. In the field of dentistry, iPS cells have been derived from stem cells of apical papilla, dental pulp stem cells, and stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth, gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and buccal mucosa fibroblasts. iPS cells have the potential to differentiate into all derivatives of the 3 primary germ layers i...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557917/preparing-the-pediatric-dentist-for-palliative-and-end-of-life-care
#19
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526524/ethics-in-dentistry-does-it-matter
#20
Larry Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Today's FDA: Official Monthly Journal of the Florida Dental Association
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