keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

body odor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450747/efficacy-of-bifidobacterium-breve-fermented-milk-in-maintaining-remission-of-ulcerative-colitis
#1
Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Yukari Uemura, Takanori Kanai, Reiko Kunisaki, Yasuo Suzuki, Kaoru Yokoyama, Naoki Yoshimura, Toshifumi Hibi
BACKGROUND: Fermented milk products containing Bifidobacterium breve strain Yakult (BFM) may improve clinical status in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. AIMS: To assess efficacy of BFM in maintaining remission in Japanese patients with quiescent UC. METHODS: This double-blind study (B-FLORA) enrolled 195 patients with quiescent UC, randomized to receive one pack of BFM fermented milk per day [Bifidobacterium breve strain Yakult (10 billion bacteria) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (1 billion bacteria)] (n = 98) or matching placebo (n = 97) for 48 weeks...
February 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#2
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447665/preparation-of-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-nanobeads-for-selective-sensing-of-carboxylic-acid-vapors
#3
Chuanjun Liu, Liang Shang, Hiro-Taka Yoshioka, Bin Chen, Kenshi Hayashi
The detection and discrimination of volatile carboxylic acid components, which are the main contributors to human body odor, have a wide range of potential applications. Here, a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor array based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanobeads is developed for highly sensitive and selective sensing of typical carboxylic acid vapors, namely: propionic acid (PA), hexanoic acid (HA) and octanoic acid (OA). The MIP nanobeads were prepared by precipitation polymerization with methacrylic acid (MAA) as a functional monomer, trimethylolproane trimethacrylate (TRIM) as a crosslinker, and carboxylic acids (PA, HA and OA) as the template molecules...
June 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435682/correction-to-influence-of-body-odors-and-gender-on-perceived-genital-arousal
#4
Patrícia Alves-Oliveira, Joana Carvalho, Jacqueline Ferreira, Laura Alho, Pedro Nobre, Mats J Olsson, Sandra C Soares
There were 4 cells in the original Table 2 that reported SEM values instead of SDs. A corrected version of the table is provided below. In the Results section, the corresponding corrections are as follows.
February 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429617/spatial-receptive-fields-for-odor-localization
#5
Hiroshi Nishino, Masazumi Iwasaki, Marco Paoli, Itsuro Kamimura, Atsushi Yoritsune, Makoto Mizunami
Animals rely on olfaction to navigate through complex olfactory landscapes, but the mechanisms that allow an animal to encode the spatial structure of an odorous environment remain unclear. To acquire information about the spatial distribution of an odorant, animals may rely on bilateral olfactory organs and compare side differences of odor intensity and timing [1-6] or may perform spatial and temporal signal integration of subsequent samplings [7]. The American cockroach can efficiently locate a source of sex pheromone even after the removal of one antenna, suggesting that bilateral comparison is not a prerequisite for odor localization in this species [8, 9]...
February 7, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412298/body-consciousness-of-people-with-intestinal-stomach-a-phenomenological-study
#6
Antonio Dean Barbosa Marques, Rosendo Freitas de Amorim, Fátima Luna Pinheiro Landim, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira, July Grassiely de Oliveira Branco, Preciliana Barreto de Morais, Zélia Maria de Sousa Araújo Santos
OBJECTIVE: to describe the bodily awareness of people with stomies. METHOD: a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, carried out in the Ostomized Association of the State of Ceará, through semi-structured interviews with ten people with intestinal stomies, according to Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological thinking. RESULTS: two categories of analysis emerged: The body that I have, in which the sensations of deficiency, imperfection and bad odor add to the feeling of strangeness towards one's own body, affecting the way of being in the world of each deponent; and The body that others perceive, in which the stoma is seen as an embarrassing and complex experience, since it hampers daily activities and conviviality with other people...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392993/the-effects-of-emotional-visual-context-on-the-encoding-and-retrieval-of-body-odor-information
#7
Valentina Parma, Stephanie Macedo, Marta Rocha, Laura Alho, Jacqueline Ferreira, Sandra C Soares
Conditions during information encoding and retrieval are known to influence the sensory material stored and its recapitulation. However, little is known about such processes in olfaction. Here, we capitalized on the uniqueness of body odors (BOs) which, similar to fingerprints, allow for the identification of a specific person, by associating their presentation to a negative or a neutral emotional context. One hundred twenty-five receivers (68 F) were exposed to a male BO while watching either criminal or neutral videos (encoding phase) and were subsequently asked to recognize the target BO within either a congruent or an incongruent visual context (retrieval phase)...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351552/in-situ-recording-of-ionic-currents-in-projection-neurons-and-kenyon-cells-in-the-olfactory-pathway-of-the-honeybee
#8
Jan Kropf, Wolfgang Rössler
The honeybee olfactory pathway comprises an intriguing pattern of convergence and divergence: ~60.000 olfactory sensory neurons (OSN) convey olfactory information on ~900 projection neurons (PN) in the antennal lobe (AL). To transmit this information reliably, PNs employ relatively high spiking frequencies with complex patterns. PNs project via a dual olfactory pathway to the mushroom bodies (MB). This pathway comprises the medial (m-ALT) and the lateral antennal lobe tract (l-ALT). PNs from both tracts transmit information from a wide range of similar odors, but with distinct differences in coding properties...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341791/population-level-evidence-for-seasonality-of-the-human-microbiome
#9
Christina Korownyk, Fangwei Liu, Scott Garrison
The objective of this study is to determine whether human body odors undergo seasonal modulation. We utilized google trends search volume from the United States of America from January 1, 2010 to June 24, 2017 for a number of predetermined body odors. Regression modeling of time series data was completed. Our primary outcome was to determine the proportion of the variability in Internet searches for each unpleasant odor (about the mean) that is explained by a seasonal model. We determined that the seasonal (sinusoidal) model provided a significantly better fit than the null model (best straight line fit) for all searches relating to human body odors (P <...
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339313/the-human-body-odor-compound-androstadienone-increases-neural-interference-coupled-to-higher-behavioral-costs-during-an-emotional-stroop-task
#10
Jonas Hornung, Lydia Kogler, Michael Erb, Jessica Freiherr, Birgit Derntl
The androgen derivative androstadienone (AND) is a substance found in human sweat and thus may act as human chemosignal. With the current experiment, we aimed to explore in which way AND affects interference processing during an emotional Stroop task which used human faces as target and emotional words as distractor stimuli. This was complemented by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to unravel the neural mechanism of AND-action. Based on previous accounts we expected AND to increase neural activation in areas commonly implicated in evaluation of emotional face processing and to change neural activation in brain regions linked to interference processing...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332539/whole-body-oxygen-16o-ion-exposure-induced-impairments-in-social-odor-recognition-memory-in-rats-are-dose-and-time-dependent
#11
Ami Mange, Yuqing Cao, SiYuan Zhang, Robert D Hienz, Catherine M Davis
Future long-duration space missions will involve travel outside of the Earth's magnetosphere, which will result in increased radiation exposure for astronauts. Exposure could permanently damage multiple tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS), and result in deleterious effects on cognition and behavior during and beyond the mission. Here, we assessed the effects of whole-body oxygen ion (16O; 1,000 MeV/n) exposure (5 or 25 cGy) on social odor recognition memory in male Long-Evans rats at one and six months after exposure...
January 13, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323690/premature-adrenarche
#12
Laura Novello, Phyllis W Speiser
Adrenarche is when a child's adrenal cortex starts to secrete adrenal androgen precursors. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is the most abundant product of the adrenal cortex, and is a weak androgen agonist thought to be responsible for the clinical signs of pubarche by conversion to more potent androgens, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone. DHEA's extra-adrenal sulfation product, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, is a stable marker for adrenal androgenic activity. Pubarche is the physical manifestation of androgenic hormone production, and includes the development of pubic and axillary hair, adult body odor, and acne...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288257/predictors-of-blood-volatile-organic-compound-levels-in-gulf-coast-residents
#13
Emily J Werder, Kaitlyn B Gam, Lawrence S Engel, Richard K Kwok, Christine C Ekenga, Matthew D Curry, David M Chambers, Aaron Blair, Aubrey K Miller, Linda S Birnbaum, Dale P Sandler
To address concerns among Gulf Coast residents about ongoing exposures to volatile organic compounds, including benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-xylene, and m-xylene/p-xylene (BTEX), we characterized current blood levels and identified predictors of BTEX among Gulf state residents. We collected questionnaire data on recent exposures and measured blood BTEX levels in a convenience sample of 718 Gulf residents. Because BTEX is rapidly cleared from the body, blood levels represent recent exposures in the past 24 h...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288076/the-neuroendocrinology-of-sexual-attraction
#14
REVIEW
Olivia Le Moëne, Anders Ågmo
Sexual attraction has two components: Emission of sexually attractive stimuli and responsiveness to these stimuli. In rodents, olfactory stimuli are necessary but not sufficient for attraction. We argue that body odors are far superior to odors from excreta (urine, feces) as sexual attractants. Body odors are produced by sebaceous glands all over the body surface and in specialized glands. In primates, visual stimuli, for example the sexual skin, are more important than olfactory. The role of gonadal hormones for the production of and responsiveness to odorants is well established...
December 26, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284750/cyclic-amp-dependent-plasticity-underlies-rapid-changes-in-odor-coding-associated-with-reward-learning
#15
Thierry Louis, Aaron Stahl, Tamara Boto, Seth M Tomchik
Learning and memory rely on dopamine and downstream cAMP-dependent plasticity across diverse organisms. Despite the central role of cAMP signaling, it is not known how cAMP-dependent plasticity drives coherent changes in neuronal physiology that encode the memory trace, or engram. In Drosophila, the mushroom body (MB) is critically involved in olfactory classical conditioning, and cAMP signaling molecules are necessary and sufficient for normal memory in intrinsic MB neurons. To evaluate the role of cAMP-dependent plasticity in learning, we examined how cAMP manipulations and olfactory classical conditioning modulate olfactory responses in the MB with in vivo imaging...
December 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280981/%C3%AE-n-methylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-toxicity-is-gender-and-exposure-age-dependent-in-rats
#16
Laura Louise Scott, Timothy Grant Downing
Cyanobacterial β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been suggested as a causative or contributory factor in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. However, no BMAA animal model has adequately shown clinical or behavioral symptoms that correspond to those seen in either Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Parkinson's Disease (PD). We present here the first data that show that when neonatal rats were exposed to BMAA on postnatal days 3, 4 and 5, but not on gestational day 14 or postnatally on days 7 or 10, several AD and/or PD-related behavioral, locomotor and cognitive deficits developed...
December 27, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277918/extra-virgin-olive-oil-aroma-release-after-interaction-with-human-saliva-from-individuals-with-different-body-mass-index
#17
Alessandro Genovese, Tiziana Rispoli, Raffaele Sacchi
BACKGROUND: The interindividual variability, observed in saliva characteristics, raises the question of its relationship with variability in fat sensory perception, particularly in aroma compounds. In this study, in order to measure the aroma release from different individuals, eleven key aroma compounds of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) were monitored and quantified in dynamic headspace after an in-vitro interaction between EVOO and human saliva. Therefore, sixty individuals among normal weight (NW), overweight (OW), and obese (O) were studied...
December 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247299/influence-of-body-odors-and-gender-on-perceived-genital-arousal
#18
Patrícia Alves-Oliveira, Joana Carvalho, Jacqueline Ferreira, Laura Alho, Pedro Nobre, Mats J Olsson, Sandra C Soares
Olfaction is often linked to mating behavior in nonhumans. Additionally, studies in mating behavior have shown that women seem to be more affected by odor cues than men. However, the relationship between odor cues and sexual response-specifically, sexual arousal-has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the exposure to human body odors (from individuals of the opposite gender) on perceived genital arousal, while these were presented concomitantly to sexually explicit video clips...
December 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241669/cytokine-contributions-to-alterations-of-the-volatile-metabolome-induced-by-inflammation
#19
Patrick Millet, Maryanne Opiekun, Talia Martin, Gary K Beauchamp, Bruce A Kimball
Several studies demonstrate that inflammation affects body odor. Volatile signals associated with inflammation induced by pyrogens like LPS are detectable both by conspecifics and chemical analyses. However, little is known about the mechanisms which translate detection of a foreign molecule or pathogen into a unique body odor, or even how unique that odor may be. Here, we utilized C57BL/6J trained mice to identify the odor of LPS-treated conspecifics to investigate potential pathways between LPS-induced inflammation and changes in body odor, as represented by changes in urine odor...
December 11, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198196/the-identification-and-expression-analysis-of-candidate-chemosensory-genes-in-the-bird-cherry-oat-aphid-rhopalosiphum-padi-l
#20
Z-W Kang, F-H Liu, R-P Pang, W-B Yu, X-L Tan, Z-Q Zheng, H-G Tian, T-X Liu
The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) is one of the most important wheat pests with polyphagia and autumn migrants. And, chemosensory genes were thought to play a key role in insect searching their hosts, food and mate. However, a systematic identification of the chemosensory genes in this pest has not been reported. Thus, in this study, we identified 14 odorant-binding proteins, nine chemosensory proteins, one sensory neuron membrane protein, 15 odorant receptors, 19 gustatory receptors and 16 ionotropic receptors from R...
December 4, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
keyword
keyword
91966
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"