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Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk, Veli Yıldırım, Serkan Güneş, Gülçin Bozlu, Çetin Okuyaz
Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a potentially life-threatening condition associated with increased serotonergic activity in central nervous system and may occur during the use of serotonergic drugs. Although increasing frequency of serotonergic drug use in children, pediatricians, emergency medicine and pediatric intensive care specialists have not enough knowledge and experience about SS that is a potentially life-threatening condition. A 12-year-old girl patient was admitted to our emergency room with the history of involuntary contractions on her extremities and alteration of consciousness...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Mohamed Farouk Allam
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the possible association between underarm deodorants/ antiperspirants use and breast cancer risk has raised important interest in the scientific community. The objective of our systematic review is to estimate the pooled risk of deodorants/antiperspirants use for breast cancer. METHODS: All observational studies that evaluated the association between breast cancer risk and deodorants/antiperspirants use were reviewed. We have only identified two case-control studies, carried out between 2002 and 2006...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Neha Mathur, Ivan Glesk, Arjan Buis
Elevated skin temperature at the body/device interface of lower-limb prostheses is one of the major factors that affect tissue health. The heat dissipation in prosthetic sockets is greatly influenced by the thermal conductive properties of the hard socket and liner material employed. However, monitoring of the interface temperature at skin level in lower-limb prosthesis is notoriously complicated. This is due to the flexible nature of the interface liners used which requires consistent positioning of sensors during donning and doffing...
June 2016: Healthcare Technology Letters
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Yong Ping Zheng, Aaron K L Leung, Mehdi Rahgozar, Gholamreza Aminian, Tat Hing Lee, Mohammad Reza Safari
The accumulation of heat inside the prosthetic socket increases skin temperature and fosters perspiration, which consequently leads to high tissue stress, friction blister, discomfort, unpleasant odor, and decreased prosthesis suspension and use. In the present study, the prototype of a temperature measurement and control (TM&C) system was designed, fabricated, and functionally evaluated in a phantom model of the transtibial prosthetic socket. The TM&C system was comprised of twelve Thermistors that were divided equally into two groups that arranged internal and external to a prosthetic silicone liner...
October 3, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Joseph S Coselli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Micah Leshem
We tested the hypothesis that salt appetite increases in summer heat due to increased sodium loss due to increased drinking and perspiration. A test battery in the same sample of healthy young people tested in summer and winter revealed no seasonal differences in salt appetite (or fluid intake) despite a 10 °C rise in mean environmental temperature. Unexpectedly, sweet preference is reduced in summer.
September 15, 2016: Appetite
Jeong-Beom Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim, Hiroyuki Murota
The sudomotor mechanism, wich contributes to tolerating thermal environments, is affected by not only the body temperature, but also sex, ethnicity, exercise training, region, season, and heat adaptation. Aging attenuates the sudomotor function by the decreased peripheral sensitivity to acetylcholine and demyelination of innervating nerves. Women show less sudomotor activity than men. Heat adaptation with sudomotor modification is induced by repetitive physical and/or thermal training. Short-term heat acclimation increases sweat gland activity...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Tomoko Fujimoto
Primary focal hyperhidrosis is a disease of unknown cause with profuse perspiration of local sites (head, face, palms, soles of feet, and axillae) that adversely affects daily life. Guidelines have been proposed in the USA [<citeref rid="ref1">1</citeref>], Canada [<citeref rid="ref2">2</citeref>], and Japan [<citeref rid="ref3">3</citeref>]. The symptoms impair quality of life, with significant negative effects on daily existence and personal relationships. The current goal in medical practice for patients with hyperhidrosis is to provide guidance and encourage coping skills for a normal daily life, as well as give appropriate advice regarding treatment options...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Hiroyuki Murota
Sweating disorders are sometimes observed in various systemic diseases that include genetic disorders, organ damage, metabolic impairment, autoimmune diseases, and neuropathic disorders. In these diseases, various symptoms such as autonomic failures, psychopathic disorders, abnormal skin innervation, and sweat gland dysfunction can interact with one another in diverse ways, resulting in impaired sweating. This review focuses on the influence of uremia (with or without hemodialysis) and diabetes mellitus on impaired sweating...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Risako Inoue
Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) is a member of the water channel protein family. Although AQP5 has been shown to be present in sweat glands, the presence or absence of regulated intracellular translocation of AQP5 in sweat glands remains to be determined. In this article, recent findings on AQP5 in sweat glands are presented. (1) Immunoreactive AQP5 was detected in the apical membranes and the intercellular canaliculi of secretory coils, and in the basolateral membranes of the clear cells in human eccrine sweat glands. (2) AQP5 rapidly concentrated at the apical membranes during sweating in mouse sweat glands...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Hiroo Yokozeki
This chapter introduces the history of perspiration research and the latest perspiration research findings. Many investigators worldwide, particularly those in Japan, have carried forward globally leading studies on perspiration. This chapter will introduce the history of studies on the physiology of perspiration and perspiration research by classifying it in three stages, namely the early, maturation, and development stages, with a focus on Japanese researchers who have played active roles in each stage. In particular, I will introduce two historical physiologists in detail, Dr...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Sarah Seashols-Williams, Carolyn Lewis, Chelsea Calloway, Nerissa Peace, Ariana Harrison, Christina Hayes-Nash, Samantha Fleming, Qianni Wu, Zendra E Zehner
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate cellular processes through modulation of proteins at the translational level. They tend to be highly stable as compared to other RNA species due to their small size and protection by protein and/or lipid matrices. Thus, it is likely that miRNAs, when fully evaluated, will make excellent candidates for body fluid identification. miRNA analysis of body fluids has been the subject of some recent interest in the forensic community. In this study, small RNAs were isolated from individual donations of eight forensically relevant biological fluids (blood, semen, vaginal fluid, menstrual blood, saliva, urine, feces, and perspiration) and subjected to next generation sequencing using the Illumina Hi-Seq platform...
August 25, 2016: Electrophoresis
Yoshito Nishimura, Masaya Iwamuro, Kazuki Ocho, Kou Hasegawa, Kosuke Kimura, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Eisei Kondo, Takehiro Tanaka, Fumio Otsuka
A 61-year-old Japanese man with IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis was referred to our hospital because of perspiration during food intake. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) with contrast media revealed multiple mesenteric lymphadenopathies. An open surgical abdominal biopsy and subsequent histopathological analysis revealed abnormally large lymphoid cells that were negative for CD3, CD5, and c-myc and positive for CD20 and bcl-2, leading to a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Here, we discuss the risk of malignancies, particularly malignant lymphoma in patients with IgG4-related disease...
August 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
Qing-Hua Guo, Bao-An Wang, Chen-Zhi Wang, Min Wang, Ju-Ming Lu, Zhao-Hui Lv, Yi-Ming Mu
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone resistance syndrome (THRS) is a rare disorder with increased concentrations of free thyroxine (FT4) and triiodothyronine (FT3), but normal or slightly increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor β (THRβ) gene are thought to be the main pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to present 1 pedigree of Chinese THRS, summarize their clinical characteristics, and analyze the gene mutation...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
E Bekhuis, R A Schoevers, C D van Borkulo, J G M Rosmalen, L Boschloo
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often co-occur with somatic symptomatology. Little is known about the contributions of individual symptoms to this association and more insight into their relationships could help to identify symptoms that are central in the processes behind the co-occurrence. This study explores associations between individual MDD/GAD symptoms and somatic symptoms by using the network approach. METHOD: MDD/GAD symptoms were assessed in 2704 participants (mean age 41...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
Tanushree Dutta, Ki-Hyun Kim, Minori Uchimiya, Pawan Kumar, Subhasish Das, Satya Sundar Bhattacharya, Jan Szulejko
Large-scale assemblies of people in a confined space can exert significant impacts on the local air chemistry due to human emissions of volatile organics. Variations of air-quality in such small scale can be studied by quantifying fingerprint volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as acetone, toluene, and isoprene produced during concerts, movie screenings, and sport events (like the Olympics and the World Cup). This review summarizes the extent of VOC accumulation resulting from a large population in a confined area or in a small open area during sporting and other recreational activities...
August 11, 2016: Environmental Research
Aniseh Saffar Shahroodi, Leila Shirbeigi
BACKGROUND: Excessive sweating is a medical condition in which a person sweats much more than needed. The medical name of this disorder is hyperhidrosis known as a common dermal problem that affects people of all ages and leads to negative impact on the quality of life. During the last decades, several studies have shown that in many cases of hyperhidrosis there is no evidence of systemic disease. Therefore, most treatments are temporary and symptomatic therapy. According to Iranian traditional medicine (ITM), different approaches are mentioned for hyperhidrosis...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Anbarasi Muthusamy, Rajkumar Gajendran, Sathasivam Ponnan, Dinesh Thangavel, Venkatesan Rangan
INTRODUCTION: Hyperhidrosis (HH) is a condition characterized by excessive sweating or perspiration. General population, especially in developing countries like India are seldom aware of this condition and sparsely seek medical attention. The tropical climate and the environment also influence this condition to a greater extent. This can be a hindrance in their professional and social life. Though, it is a widely explored topic, studies on hyperhidrosis from India are rare. AIM: The current study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of hyperhidrosis among college students subjectively and to assess the quality of life using Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Satoshi Umeda
This article reviewed the relationship between emotional disorders and abnormal perspiration. First, I focused on local brain areas related to emotional processing, and summarized the functions of the emotional network involving those local areas. Functional disorders followed by the damage in the amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, and insular cortex were reviewed, including related abnormal perspiration. I then addressed the mechanisms of how autonomic disorders influence emotional processing. Finally, possible future directions for integrated understanding of the connection between neural activities and bodily reactions were discussed...
August 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Eleonora Dubljanin, Aleksandar Džamić, Isidora Vujčić, Sandra Š Grujičić, Valentina A Arsenijević, Sanja Mitrović, Ivana Čolović Čalovski
Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the fingernails and/or toenails caused by dermatophytes, yeasts and non-dermatophyte moulds. The epidemiology of onychomycosis in Serbia is yet to be fully established. This epidemiological study was aimed at evaluating the epidemiology of onychomycosis in a sample of the Serbian patients at risk of onychomycosis, to determine the fungal aetiological agents and to identify the possible risk factors. The study population included 374 patients from six centres in Serbia with suspected onychomycosis...
July 29, 2016: Mycoses
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