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Postural Restoration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880888/evidence-of-a-different-landing-strategy-in-subjects-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#1
Christophe Eechaute, Roel De Ridder, Tom Maes, David Beckwée, Eva Swinnen, Ronald Buyl, Peter Vaes
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the discriminative validity of the multiple hop test (MHT) for chronic ankle instability (CAI). The dynamic postural control of 51 CAI subjects and 52 uninjured controls was assessed using the MHT. To evaluate dynamic postural control, the type and number of balance errors were analysed and the time to complete the MHT was measured. Between-group differences of time scores and balance errors, identified as being change-in-support strategy errors (CSS) or fixed-support strategy errors (FSS), were assessed...
November 2, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864681/are-sagittal-spinopelvic-radiographic-parameters-significantly-associated-with-quality-of-life-of-adult-spinal-deformity-patients-multivariate-linear-regression-analyses-for-pre-operative-and-short-term-post-operative-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Mitsuru Takemoto, Louis Boissière, Jean-Marc Vital, Ferran Pellisé, Francisco Javier Sanchez Perez-Grueso, Frank Kleinstück, Emre R Acaroglu, Ahmet Alanay, Ibrahim Obeid
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association in ASD patients between spinopelvic sagittal parameters and health-related quality of life (HRQL), adjusted for demographic and surgical variables. METHODS: We constructed multiple linear regression models to investigate pre-operative (PreOp) and 6-month post-operative (PostOp) HRQL as assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), with sagittal parameters as independent variables adjusted for potential confounders, such as age, sex, body mass index, past spine surgery, types of surgical treatment, and complications...
November 18, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814859/the-biomechanical-model-in-manual-therapy-is-there-an-ongoing-crisis-or-just-the-need-to-revise-the-underlying-concept-and-application
#3
Christian Lunghi, Paolo Tozzi, Giampiero Fusco
Different approaches to body biomechanics are based on the classical concept of "ideal posture" which is regarded as the state where body mass is distributed in such a way that ligamentous tensions neutralize the force of gravity and muscles retain their normal tone, as result of the integration of somatic components related to posture and balance mechanisms. When compromised, optimal posture can be restored through the balanced and effective use of musculoskeletal components; however, various research findings and the opinion of experts in this field suggest a move away from the dogmas that have characterized the idea of health dependent on ideal posture, to promote instead dynamic approaches based on the interdependency of the body systems as well as on the full participation of the person in the healing process...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807418/evaluating-emg-feature-and-classifier-selection-for-application-to-partial-hand-prosthesis-control
#4
Adenike A Adewuyi, Levi J Hargrove, Todd A Kuiken
Pattern recognition-based myoelectric control of upper-limb prostheses has the potential to restore control of multiple degrees of freedom. Though this control method has been extensively studied in individuals with higher-level amputations, few studies have investigated its effectiveness for individuals with partial-hand amputations. Most partial-hand amputees retain a functional wrist and the ability of pattern recognition-based methods to correctly classify hand motions from different wrist positions is not well studied...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#5
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
: One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798422/epidural-and-transcutaneous-spinal-electrical-stimulation-for-restoration-of-movement-after-incomplete-and-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Winfried Mayr, Matthias Krenn, Milan R Dimitrijevic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Purpose of this review is to outline and explain the therapeutic use of electrical spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for modification of spinal motor output. Central functional stimulation provides afferent input to posterior root neurons and is applied to improve volitional movements, posture and their endurance, control spasticity, and improve bladder function or perfusion in the lower limbs. Clinical accomplishments strongly depend on each individual's physiological state and specific methodical adaptation to that physiological state...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797664/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#7
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756609/early-life-exposure-to-permethrin-a-progressive-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Cinzia Nasuti, Gloria Brunori, Piera Eusepi, Lisa Marinelli, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Rosita Gabbianelli
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress, alpha-synuclein changes, mitochondrial complex I defects and dopamine loss, observed in the striatum of rats exposed to the pesticide permethrin in early life, could represent neuropathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, an animal model of PD should also fulfill criteria of face and predictive validities. This study was designed to: 1) verify dopaminergic status in the striatum and substantia nigra pars compacta; 2) recognize non-motor symptoms; 3) investigate the time-course development of motor disabilities; 4) assess L-Dopa effectiveness on motor symptoms in rats previously exposed to permethrin in early life...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676761/interest-of-a-postural-analysis-on-a-force-platform-during-a-functional-restoration-program
#9
Joséphine Métréau, Frédéric Brogniart, Claude Grandjean, Bertrand Morineaux
OBJECTIVE: Postural balance is ensured by the involvement of several coping strategies. There is however an alteration of the proprioceptive system with chronic low back pain patients making it vulnerable to any type of disruptive force (endogenous and exogenous) and physiologically compensated by the postural system. The aim of this study is to measure the postural changes during a functional restoration protocol. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in this study, 8 chronic low back pain patients, seen in consultation before being included in the rehabilitative care unit of the Bourbonne-les-Bains Hospital as part of a functional restoration protocol for 5-6 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676721/rehabilitation-and-auto-exercises-protocol-in-patients-with-chronic-lateral-epicondylitis-6%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#10
François Segretin, Guillaume Paris, Sarah Cheriet, Yohann Delarue
OBJECTIVE: The chronic lateral epicondylitis is a common pathology with an economic impact. Actually, many costly therapies are prescribed without evidence of their effectiveness. Physical therapies seem to be neglected. However, they can correct actions at risk and involve the patient in his rehabilitation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a standardized 2 month rehabilitation program composed of: an outpatient group education session, 18 liberal physical therapy sessions with correction of the posture of the trunk and shoulder, eccentric strengthening of the supinator muscles and the wrist extensor muscles, stretching, and some self daily exercises (transverse friction massage and stretching) according to Pernot-Comtet protocol...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638073/acute-unilateral-loss-of-vestibular-function
#11
M Fetter
Sudden unilateral loss of vestibular function is the most severe condition that can occur in the vestibular system. The clinical syndrome is caused by the physiologic properties of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) arc. In the normal situation, the two peripheral vestibular end organs are connected to a functional unit in coplanar pairs of semicircular canals working in a push-pull mode. "Push-pull" mode means that, when one side is excited, the other side is inhibited, and vice versa due to two mechanisms...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632839/balance-training-vs-balance-training-with-stars-in-cai-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Christopher J Burcal, Alejandra Y Trier, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Both balance training and selected interventions meant to target sensory structures (STARS) have been shown to be effective at restoring deficits associated with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Clinicians often utilize multiple treatment modalities in patients with CAI. However, evidence for combined intervention effectiveness in CAI patients remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine if augmenting a balance training protocol with STARS (BTS) results in greater improvements than balance training (BT) alone in those with CAI...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627719/bilaterally-primary-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-severe-hip-ankylosis-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#13
Dong-Xu Feng, Kun Zhang, Yu-Min Zhang, Yue-Wen Nian, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Min Kang, Shu-Fang Wu, Yang-Jun Zhu
OBJECTIVES: Total hip arthroplasty is a reliable therapeutic intervention in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, in whom the aims of surgery are to reduce pain, restore hip function and improve quality of life. The current study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical and radiographic findings in a consecutive series of patients with hip ankylosis associated with severe ankylosing spondylitis who underwent bilateral primary total hip arthroplasty using non-cemented components. METHODS: From June 2008 to May 2012, total hip arthroplasty was performed on 34 hips in 17 patients with bilateral ankylosis caused by ankylosing spondylitis...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600574/postural-stability-after-patient-specific-interpositional-knee-spacer-or-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-comparative-study
#14
Juergen Goetz, Susanne Schiessl, Clemens Baier, Silvia Dullien, Karolina Mueller, Joachim Grifka, Franz Koeck
PURPOSE: Total knee arthroplasty provides excellent results concerning functional demands, patient satisfaction and range of motion. Short-term results after implantation of patient-specific knee spacers also show encouraging results. We hypothesised that patient-specific interpositional devices provide better proprioception and postural stability by preserving the whole bone stock and both cruciate ligaments. METHODS: In this study we compared functional results, proprioception and postural stability 16 months after 20 consecutive patient-specific interpositional device implantations of the knee (group A) and 20 consecutive total knee arthroplasties (group B)...
September 6, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593905/surgery-to-treat-residual-acquired-excyclotropia-without-changing-the-primary-position-vertical-deviation-a-case-report
#15
G E Arblaster, J P Burke
AIM: To describe the surgical management and long-term outcome of a case of symptomatic residual acquired primary position excyclotropia, without changing the primary position vertical deviation. METHODS: This case report describes ipsilateral half tendon width transpositions of the left superior rectus temporally and inferior rectus nasally, combined with right inferior rectus posterior fixation suture at 11 mm. RESULTS: Three days postoperatively, the transposition procedure produced a 10° cyclotorsional change in primary position, resulting in 5° of incyclotorsion (double Maddox rod)...
September 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575013/the-effect-of-normalizing-the-sagittal-cervical-configuration-on-dizziness-neck-pain-and-cervicocephalic-kinesthetic-sensibility-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab, Deed E Harrison
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic dizziness is a disabling condition commonly associated with cervical dysfunction. Although the growing interest with the importance of normal sagittal configuration of cervical spine, the missing component in the management of cervicogenic dizziness might be altered structural alignment of the cervical spinal region itself. AIM: To investigate the immediate and long-term effects of a 1-year multimodal program, with the addition of cervical lordosis restoration and anterior head translation (AHT) correction, on the severity of dizziness, disability, cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility, and cervical pain in patients with cervicogenic dizziness...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560105/multi-segmental-movements-as-a-function-of-experience-in-karate
#17
Matteo Zago, Marina Codari, F Marcello Iaia, Chiarella Sforza
Karate is a martial art that partly depends on subjective scoring of complex movements. Principal component analysis (PCA)-based methods can identify the fundamental synergies (principal movements) of motor system, providing a quantitative global analysis of technique. In this study, we aimed at describing the fundamental multi-joint synergies of a karate performance, under the hypothesis that the latter are skilldependent; estimate karateka's experience level, expressed as years of practice. A motion capture system recorded traditional karate techniques of 10 professional and amateur karateka...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522242/-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-physiotherapy-and-postural-approaches
#18
I Breton-Torres, S Trichot, J Yachouh, P Jammet
Rehabilitation of temporomandibular joint dysfunctions has for a long time tried to treat symptoms: pain relief, joint kinetics restoration, disk re-capture by manual maneuvers. The authors present their own therapeutic approach, which is no longer limited to symptoms, but addresses the causes and identifies risk factors to prevent relapse.
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499255/-contribution-of-the-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-in-pediatric-plastic-surgery
#19
L Gottrand, F Devinck, V Martinot Duquennoy, P Guerreschi
Physical, non-painful processes guide the scar reshaping in children in order to prevent growth anomalies due to cutaneous shrinkage. The objective of the surgical treatment, coordinated with the reeducation care, is to improve the physical abilities of the skin, to restore the function and avoid the deformations. Reeducation uses various techniques (i.e. sensitive-motility, massage and mobilizations) with or without physical agent (water, aspiration and touch-drive technique). Posture and positioning rely on the small or major aids, from orthosis to prosthesis...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491044/closing-macular-holes-with-macular-plug-without-gas-tamponade-and-postoperative-posturing
#20
Meena Chakrabarti, Preethi Benjamin, Keya Chakrabarti, Arup Chakrabarti
PURPOSE: To investigate the surgical results of macular hole surgery without gas tamponade or postoperative posturing in patients with Stage 3 and Stage 4 macular holes with ≥500 μm mean base diameter. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients with Stage 3 and Stage 4 macular holes. METHODS: Twenty-six eyes of 26 patients with Stage 3 and Stage 4 macular holes and a mean base diameter of 892...
August 2, 2016: Retina
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