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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122148/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-aerobic-exercise-as-an-adjunct-to-ocd-treatment
#1
Ana M Abrantes, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Nicole McLaughlin, Sarah L Garnaat, Maria Mancebo, Deborah Riebe, Julie Desaulniers, Agustin G Yip, Steven Rasmussen, Benjamin D Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of aerobic exercise for decreasing OCD symptom severity, other mental health outcomes, and increasing exercise behaviors and cardiorespiratory fitness among individuals with OCD. METHOD: Fifty-six patients (64% female; mean age=38.8years) with OCD and a Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of 16 or greater despite engaging in OCD treatment were randomized to 12-weeks of supervised plus home-based moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (AE; n=28) or to 12-weeks of health education sessions (HE; n=28)...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102534/food-and-beverage-consumption-and-food-addiction-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#2
Adina R Lemeshow, Eric B Rimm, Deborah S Hasin, Ashley N Gearhardt, Alan J Flint, Alison E Field, Jeanine M Genkinger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States...
November 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096776/one-year-outcome-for-responders-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Katja A Hybel, Tord Ivarsson, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Bernhard Weidle, Karin Melin, Nor Christian Torp, Robert Valderhaug, Kitty Dahl, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Scott Compton, Sanne Jensen, Fabian Lenhard, Per Hove Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: This study describes 1-year treatment outcomes from a large sample of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) responders, investigates age as a possible moderator of these treatment outcomes, and evaluates clinical relapse at the 1-year follow-up. METHOD: This study is the planned follow-up to the Nordic Long-term OCD [obsessive-compulsive disorder] Treatment Study (NordLOTS), which included 177 children and adolescents who were rated as treatment responders following CBT for OCD...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094956/food-addiction-prevalence-and-concurrent-validity-in-african-american-adolescents-with-obesity
#4
Erica M Schulte, Angela J Jacques-Tiura, Ashley N Gearhardt, Sylvie Naar
Food addiction, measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), has been associated with obesity, eating-related problems (e.g., bingeing), and problematic consumption of highly processed foods. Studies on this topic have primarily examined adult samples with an overrepresentation of White individuals, and little is known about addictive-like eating in adolescents, particularly African American adolescents who exhibit high rates of obesity and eating pathology. The current study examined the prevalence of food addiction and its convergent validity with percent overweight, eating-related problems, and self-reported dietary intake in a sample of 181 African American adolescents with obesity...
November 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048569/impulse-control-in-negative-mood-states-emotional-eating-and-food-addiction-are-associated-with-lower-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#5
Meredith H Rose, Evan P Nadler, Eleanor R Mackey
Objectives: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome to evaluate in adolescents with severe obesity, yet intrapersonal predictors of QoL are understudied. The current study assessed whether difficulty with impulse control when experiencing a negative mood (negative urgency) is associated with poorer QoL, mediated by more emotional eating and food addiction. Method: Participants consisted of 69 primarily female (71%), minority (76%) adolescents aged 13-21 (M age = 16...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030085/are-emotionally-driven-and-addictive-like-eating-behaviors-the-missing-links-between-psychological-distress-and-greater-body-weight
#6
L Bourdier, M Orri, A Carre, A N Gearhardt, L Romo, C Dantzer, S Berthoz
There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. This study aimed to investigate in a large sample of French university students 1) the associations between self-reported levels of psychological distress (PD), emotional eating (EE), food addiction (FA) and Body Mass Index (BMI); and 2) the potential mediation effect of eating behaviors (EE and FA) between PD and BMI...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975600/randomized-clinical-trial-of-immersive-virtual-reality-tour-of-the-operating-theatre-in-children-before-anaesthesia
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J-H Ryu, S-J Park, J-W Park, J-W Kim, H-J Yoo, T-W Kim, J S Hong, S-H Han
BACKGROUND: A virtual reality (VR) tour of the operating theatre before anaesthesia could provide a realistic experience for children. This study was designed to determine whether a preoperative VR tour could reduce preoperative anxiety in children. METHODS: Children scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia were randomized into a control or VR group. The control group received conventional information regarding anaesthesia and surgery. The VR group watched a 4-min video showing Pororo, the famous little penguin, visiting the operating theatre and explaining what is in it...
November 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965430/deep-brain-stimulation-for-severe-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-label-case-series
#8
Sarah Farrand, Andrew H Evans, Simone Mangelsdorf, Samantha M Loi, Ramon Mocellin, Adam Borham, JoAnne Bevilacqua, Scott Blair-West, Mark A Walterfang, Richard G Bittar, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation can be of benefit in carefully selected patients with severe intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcomes of the first seven deep brain stimulation procedures for obsessive-compulsive disorder undertaken at the Neuropsychiatry Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital. The primary objective was to assess the response to deep brain stimulation treatment utilising the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale as a measure of symptom severity...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948684/food-addiction-and-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
V Ivezaj, A A Wiedemann, C M Grilo
Emerging research suggests that rates of food addiction are high among individuals seeking bariatric surgery, but little is known about associated features and the prognostic significance of pre-operative food addiction. Thus, this article provides a systematic review and synthesis of the literature on food addiction and bariatric surgery. Articles were identified through PubMed and SCOPUS databases, resulting in a total of 19 studies which assessed food addiction among pre-bariatric and/or post-bariatric surgery patients using the Yale Food Addiction Scale...
December 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941213/adaptive-behavior-in-autism-minimal-clinically-important-differences-on-the-vineland-ii
#10
C H Chatham, K I Taylor, T Charman, X Liogier D'ardhuy, E Eule, A Fedele, A Y Hardan, E Loth, L Murtagh, M Del Valle Rubido, A San Jose Caceres, J Sevigny, L Sikich, L Snyder, J E Tillmann, P E Ventola, K L Walton-Bowen, P P Wang, T Willgoss, F Bolognani
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is associated with persistent impairments in adaptive abilities across multiple domains. These social, personal, and communicative impairments become increasingly pronounced with development, and are present regardless of IQ. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland-II) is the most commonly used instrument for quantifying these impairments, but minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) on Vineland-II scores have not been rigorously established in ASD...
September 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939000/visiting-the-operating-theatre-before-surgery-did-not-reduce-the-anxiety-in-children-and-their-attendant-parent
#11
Robert N E Carlsson, Ragnar N Henningsson
PURPOSE: The induction of anesthesia is known to be the most stressful part of the day of surgery for the child. Non-pharmacologic intervention is a field of great interest. The aims of this prospective randomized study were to evaluate if (1). A preoperative visit to the operating theatre would attenuate the anxiety of the child on the day of surgery. (2). A preoperative visit to the operating theatre would attenuate the anxiety of the parent on the day of surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: Children aged 3-12years and their parents were randomly assigned to the intervention group visiting the operating theatre before surgery and the control group, which never visited there...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871480/evaluation-of-disordered-eating-tendencies-in-young-adults
#12
Nevin Sanlier, Semra Navruz Varli, M Sedanur Macit, Hande Mortas, Tugba Tatar
PURPOSE: It was aimed to determine the prevalence of high disordered eating tendencies and its relationship with food addiction, emotional eating and self esteem in participants at 18 and 33 years age group. METHODS: This study was planned as a cross-sectional study and conducted with 1359 young adult volunteers (M = 386, F = 973) with an average age of 22.4 ± 2.84 years. Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were used...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826746/the-prevalence-of-food-addiction-in-a-large-sample-of-adolescents-and-its-association-with-addictive-substances
#13
Gabry W Mies, Jorien L Treur, Junilla K Larsen, Jutka Halberstadt, Joëlle A Pasman, Jacqueline M Vink
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing, due to, among other factors, increased availability of highly palatable food (food high in fat, salt and/or sugar). It has been proposed that certain foods and/or eating behaviours may be addictive, to a degree comparable to substances of abuse. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) measures 'food addiction' by translating the diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder to eating behaviour. So far, only a few studies have examined the prevalence of food addiction in children with the YFAS for children (YFAS-C)...
August 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814616/the-yale-observation-scale-score-and-the-risk-of-serious-bacterial-infections-in-febrile-infants
#14
Lise E Nigrovic, Prashant V Mahajan, Stephen M Blumberg, Lorin R Browne, James G Linakis, Richard M Ruddy, Jonathan E Bennett, Alexander J Rogers, Leah Tzimenatos, Elizabeth C Powell, Elizabeth R Alpern, T Charles Casper, Octavio Ramilo, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of the Yale Observation Scale (YOS) score and unstructured clinician suspicion to identify febrile infants ≤60 days of age with and without serious bacterial infections (SBIs). METHODS: We performed a planned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of non-critically ill, febrile, full-term infants ≤60 days of age presenting to 1 of 26 participating emergency departments in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network...
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810357/a-graduated-food-addiction-classification-approach-significantly-differentiates-obesity-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Karren-Lee Raymond, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Geoff P Lovell
This study examined a graduated severity level approach to food addiction classification against associations with World Health Organization obesity classifications (body mass index, kg/m(2)) among 408 people with type 2 diabetes. A survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale and several demographic questions demonstrated four distinct Yale Food Addiction Scale symptom severity groups (in line with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) severity indicators): non-food addiction, mild food addiction, moderate food addiction and severe food addiction...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759413/the-yale-observation-scale-score-and-the-risk-of-serious-bacterial-infections-in-febrile-infants
#16
Lise E Nigrovic, Prashant V Mahajan, Stephen M Blumberg, Lorin R Browne, James G Linakis, Richard M Ruddy, Jonathan E Bennett, Alexander J Rogers, Leah Tzimenatos, Elizabeth C Powell, Elizabeth R Alpern, T Charles Casper, Octavio Ramilo, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of the Yale Observation Scale (YOS) score and unstructured clinician suspicion to identify febrile infants ≤60 days of age with and without serious bacterial infections (SBIs). METHODS: We performed a planned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of non-critically ill, febrile, full-term infants ≤60 days of age presenting to 1 of 26 participating emergency departments in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745944/need-to-screen-for-clinical-levels-of-ocd-four-questions-are-the-key
#17
Judy H Hong, Eric B Lee, Chad T Wetterneck, John M Hart
The aim of this study was to investigate a new measure, the Wetterneck-Hart OCD Screener (WHOS), as a self-report screening tool for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The authors examined relationships between the WHOS and severity scores of OCD measures taken via three methods of data collection: online, at OCD consumer conferences, and from an intensive, residential OCD program. Severity measures included the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale-Self Report (Y-BOCS-SR), the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS), and the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R)...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707384/a-visual-analog-scale-to-assess-anxiety-in-children-during-anesthesia-induction-vas-i-results-supporting-its-validity-in-a-sample-of-day-care-surgery-patients
#18
Johan M Berghmans, Marten J Poley, Jan van der Ende, Frank Weber, Marc Van de Velde, Peter Adriaenssens, Dirk Himpe, Frank C Verhulst, Elisabeth Utens
BACKGROUND: The modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale is widely used to assess children's anxiety during induction of anesthesia, but requires training and its administration is time-consuming. A Visual Analog Scale, in contrast, requires no training, is easy-to-use and quickly completed. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate a Visual Analog Scale as a tool to assess anxiety during induction of anesthesia and to determine cut-offs to distinguish between anxious and nonanxious children...
September 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673486/quantifying-dimensional-severity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-for-neurobiological-research
#19
Roseli G Shavitt, Guaraci Requena, Pino Alonso, Gwyneth Zai, Daniel L C Costa, Carlos Alberto de Bragança Pereira, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Ivanil Morais, Leonardo Fontenelle, Carolina Cappi, James Kennedy, Jose M Menchon, Euripedes Miguel, Peggy M A Richter
Current research to explore genetic susceptibility factors in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has resulted in the tentative identification of a small number of genes. However, findings have not been readily replicated. It is now broadly accepted that a major limitation to this work is the heterogeneous nature of this disorder, and that an approach incorporating OCD symptom dimensions in a quantitative manner may be more successful in identifying both common as well as dimension-specific vulnerability genetic factors...
October 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667830/predictors-of-comorbid-eating-disorders-and-association-with-other-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-in-trichotillomania
#20
Erica Greenberg, Jon E Grant, Erin E Curley, Christine Lochner, Douglas W Woods, Esther S Tung, Dan J Stein, Sarah A Redden, Jeremiah M Scharf, Nancy J Keuthen
Trichotillomania (TTM) and eating disorders (ED) share many phenomenological similarities, including ritualized compulsive behaviors. Given this, and that comorbid EDs may represent additional functional burden to hair pullers, we sought to identify factors that predict diagnosis of an ED in a TTM population. Subjects included 555 adult females (age range 18-65) with DSM-IV-TR TTM or chronic hair pullers recruited from multiple sites. 7.2% (N=40) of our TTM subjects met criteria for an ED in their lifetime...
June 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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