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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906698/ige-and-eosinophils-as-therapeutic-targets-in-asthma
#1
Tanvi R Patel, Sanjiv Sur
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by reversible airflow obstruction, which is being more widely recognized as a broad-spectrum disease that encompasses multiple patient characteristics and pathophysiologic mechanisms. Suboptimal asthma control leads to increasing burden of healthcare costs and loss of productivity to society. Biologic therapies targeted at IgE and eosinophils can be used in poorly controlled allergic and eosinophilic asthma, respectively...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875559/efficacy-and-safety-of-anti-interleukin-5-therapy-in-patients-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Fa-Ping Wang, Ting Liu, Zhu Lan, Su-Yun Li, Hui Mao
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have assessed the efficacy and safety of novel monoclonal antibodies such as reslizumab and benralizumab. However, the overall efficacy and safety anti-interleukin (IL) 5 treatment in asthma have not been thoroughly assessed. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of anti-IL-5 treatment on patients with asthma published up to October 2016 in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) that reported pulmonary function, quality of life scores, asthmatic exacerbation rate, blood and sputum eosinophil counts, short-acting β-agonist (SABA) rescue use, and adverse events were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859832/comparison-of-anti-interleukin-5-therapies-in-patients-with-severe-asthma-global-and-indirect-meta-analyses-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#3
Yann Cabon, Nicolas Molinari, Gregory Marin, Isabelle Vachier, Anne Sophie Gamez, Pascal Chanez, Arnaud Bourdin
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent results have been reported regarding IL-5 blockade treatment in asthma. There were no direct between-treatment comparisons. Only differences between each drug and placebo were studied. METHODS: We identified all RCTs with anti-IL5 treatments for asthma patients over the 1990-September 2015 period. RCT were searched on Medline, Cochrane and Embase. At least 50 patients were enrolled in each study. Outcomes considered were: exacerbation rate reduction, FEV1 changes, ACQ-5 improvement, adverse events and serious adverse events...
November 10, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796795/interleukin-5-antagonists-usher-in-a-new-generation-of-asthma-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Matthew P Giannetti, Juan C Cardet
Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease in the USA. A subset of patients with asthma have refractory symptoms, persistent eosinophilic inflammation, and recurrent exacerbations despite maximal medical therapy. The monoclonal antibodies targeting the IL-5 pathway are a new class of medications designed to target severe eosinophilic asthma. There are two medications clinically available: mepolizumab and reslizumab, both of which target IL-5. A third medication, benralizumab, is currently under development and targets the IL-5 receptor...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773786/monoclonal-antibody-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-eosinophilic-inflammation
#5
John Nixon, Paul Newbold, Tomas Mustelin, Gary P Anderson, Roland Kolbeck
Eosinophils have been linked with asthma for more than a century, but their role has been unclear. This review discusses the roles of eosinophils in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and describes therapeutic antibodies that affect eosinophilia. The aims of pharmacologic treatments for pulmonary conditions are to reduce symptoms, slow decline or improve lung function, and reduce the frequency and severity of exacerbations. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are important in managing symptoms and exacerbations in asthma and COPD...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729681/cangrelor
#6
EDITORIAL
Danial E Baker, Kyle T Ingram
Each month, subscribers to The Formulary Monograph Service receive 5 to 6 well-documented monographs on drugs that are newly released or are in late phase 3 trials. The monographs are targeted to Pharmacy & Therapeutics Committees. Subscribers also receive monthly 1-page summary monographs on agents that are useful for agendas and pharmacy/nursing in-services. A comprehensive target drug utilization evaluation/medication use evaluation (DUE/MUE) is also provided each month. With a subscription, the monographs are sent in print and are also available on-line...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621657/reslizumab-in-the-management-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-the-data-so-far
#7
REVIEW
Diego Jose Maselli, Maria Ines Velez, Linda Rogers
Interleukin-5, an important cytokine in the pathophysiology of asthma, participates in terminal maturation and increases chemotaxis, endothelial adhesion, and activation of eosinophils. Blockade of interleukin-5 activity with monoclonal antibodies have been successful in decreasing eosinophil counts. Reslizumab, a monoclonal antibody that targets interleukin-5, has been studied for the treatment of severe asthma. Several studies have shown that reslizumab can effectively treat severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613653/novel-biologicals-for-the-treatment-of-allergic-diseases-and-asthma
#8
REVIEW
Hern-Tze Tina Tan, Kazunari Sugita, Cezmi A Akdis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of biological therapies has rapidly progressed during the last few years, and major advances were reported for the treatment of allergic diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, urticaria, food allergy, and asthma. Here, we review biologicals targeting the type 2 immune response involving Th2 cells, type 2 innate lymphoid cells, natural killer T cells, mast cells, basophils, and epithelial cells, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-31, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP)...
October 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612492/the-clinical-profile-of-benralizumab-in-the-management-of-severe-eosinophilic-asthma
#9
Francesco Menzella, Mirco Lusuardi, Carla Galeone, Nicola Facciolongo, Luigi Zucchi
Despite several therapeutic choices, 10-20% of patients with severe uncontrolled asthma do not respond to maximal best standard treatments, leading to a healthcare expenditure of up to 80% of overall costs for asthma. Today, there are new important therapeutic strategies, both pharmacological and interventional, that can result in improvement of severe asthma management, such as omalizumab, bronchial thermoplasty and other biological drugs, for example, mepolizumab, reslizumab and benralizumab. The availability of these new treatments and the increasing knowledge of the different asthmatic phenotypes and endotypes makes correct patient selection increasingly complex and important...
September 9, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594111/reslizumab-ixekizumab-and-pimavanserin-tartrate
#10
Daniel A Hussar, Christine A Dimaculangan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497278/advances-in-asthma-2015-across-the-lifespan
#11
Andrew H Liu, William C Anderson, Cullen M Dutmer, Daniel A Searing, Stanley J Szefler
In 2015, progress in understanding asthma ranged from insights to asthma inception, exacerbations, and severity to advancements that will improve disease management throughout the lifespan. 2015's insights to asthma inception included how the intestinal microbiome affects asthma expression with the identification of specific gastrointestinal bacterial taxa in early infancy associated with less asthma risk, possibly by promoting regulatory immune development at a critical early age. The relevance of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating asthma-related gene expression was strengthened...
August 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458609/reslizumab-maintenance-treatment-for-eosinophilic-asthma-inadequately-controlled-on-corticosteroids
#12
D M Paton
The starting point for this drug was the growing realization that eosinophils appeared to be associated with a severe form of asthma in which patients were subject to exacerbations of their condition that could not be adequately managed using inhaled and/or oral corticosteroids. Studies of the pathophysiology of eosinophils revealed that they produce many bioactive compounds that contribute to the pathophysiology of a number of diseases including asthma. Interleukin-5 (IL-5) in particular is an important factor in some forms of severe asthma...
June 2016: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453494/molecularly-targeted-therapies-for-asthma-current-development-challenges-and-potential-clinical-translation
#13
REVIEW
Ibrahim Sulaiman, Jonathan Chee Woei Lim, Hon Liong Soo, Johnson Stanslas
Extensive research into the therapeutics of asthma has yielded numerous effective interventions over the past few decades. However, adverse effects and ineffectiveness of most of these medications especially in the management of steroid resistant severe asthma necessitate the development of better medications. Numerous drug targets with inherent airway smooth muscle tone modulatory role have been identified for asthma therapy. This article reviews the latest understanding of underlying molecular aetiology of asthma towards design and development of better antiasthma drugs...
October 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445482/role-of-biologics-in-severe-eosinophilic-asthma-focus-on-reslizumab
#14
REVIEW
Girolamo Pelaia, Alessandro Vatrella, Maria Teresa Busceti, Luca Gallelli, Mariaimmacolata Preianò, Nicola Lombardo, Rosa Terracciano, Rosario Maselli
Within the context of the heterogeneous phenotypic stratification of asthmatic population, many patients are characterized by moderate-to-severe eosinophilic asthma, not adequately controlled by relatively high dosages of inhaled and even oral corticosteroids. Therefore, these subjects can obtain significant therapeutic benefits by additional biologic treatments targeting interleukin-5 (IL-5), given the key pathogenic role played by this cytokine in maturation, activation, proliferation, and survival of eosinophils...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435534/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-reslizumab-for-inadequately-controlled-asthma-with-elevated-blood-eosinophil-counts-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Jinfeng Li, Cunzhi Lin, Jianxin Du, Baohong Xiao, Chunhua Du, Jiaxing Sun, Fangfang Wang
CONTEXT: Reslizumab is a humanised anti-interleukin 5 monoclonal antibody that disrupts eosinophil maturation and promotes programmed cell death. OBJECTIVE: We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of the drug in patients with inadequately controlled, eosinophilic asthma. DATA SOURCES: The search included the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. The reference lists of the retrieved studies were also investigated...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354750/uridine-triacetate
#16
Dennis J Cada, Uzoma Mbogu, Ross J Bindler, Danial E Baker
Each month, subscribers to The Formulary Monograph Service receive 5 to 6 well-documented monographs on drugs that are newly released or are in late phase 3 trials. The monographs are targeted to Pharmacy & Therapeutics Committees. Subscribers also receive monthly 1-page summary monographs on agents that are useful for agendas and pharmacy/nursing in-services. A comprehensive target drug utilization evaluation/medication use evaluation (DUE/MUE) is also provided each month. With a subscription, the monographs are sent in print and are also available on-line...
June 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351441/erratum-to-reslizumab-first-global-approval
#17
Anthony Markham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2016: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313431/pharmaceutical-approval-update
#18
Michele B Kaufman
Obiltoxaximab injection (Anthim) for anthrax infection; ixekizumab (Taltz) for psoriasis; and reslizumab (Cinqair) for severe asthma.
June 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305070/reslizumab-cinqair-for-severe-eosinophilic-asthma
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125787/reslizumab-first-global-approval
#20
Anthony Markham
Reslizumab (Cinqair(®)) is a humanised monoclonal interleukin-5 (IL-5) antibody developed by Teva that has been approved in the USA for patients aged ≥18 years as add-on maintenance treatment for severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype. IL-5 stimulates the production, activation and maturation of eosinophils and is therefore thought to play a role in the development of bronchial hyper-responsiveness. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of reslizumab leading to this first approval for add-on maintenance treatment of severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype...
May 2016: Drugs
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