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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636838/searching-for-affective-and-cognitive-restoration-examining-the-restorative-effects-of-casual-video-game-play
#1
Michael A Rupp, Richard Sweetman, Alejandra E Sosa, Janan A Smither, Daniel S McConnell
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of a passive break, relaxation activity, and casual video game on affect, stress, engagement, and cognitive performance. BACKGROUND: Reducing stress and improving cognitive performance is critical across many domains. Previous studies investigated taking a break, relaxation techniques, or playing a game; however, these methods have not been compared within a single experiment. METHOD: Participants completed a baseline affective and cognitive assessment (ACA), which included the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, shortened version of the Dundee Stress State Questionnaire, and backward digit-span...
June 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#2
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622786/dairy-cow-disability-weights
#3
Craig S McConnel, Ashleigh A McNeil, Joleen C Hadrich, Jason E Lombard, Franklyn B Garry, Jane Heller
Over the past 175 years, data related to human disease and death have progressed to a summary measure of population health, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). As dairies have intensified there has been no equivalent measure of the impact of disease on the productive life and well-being of animals. The development of a disease-adjusted metric requires a consistent set of disability weights that reflect the relative severity of important diseases. The objective of this study was to use an international survey of dairy authorities to derive disability weights for primary disease categories recorded on dairies...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622389/-foraging-for-a-place-to-lay-eggs-a-genetic-link-between-foraging-behaviour-and-oviposition-preferences
#4
Murray W McConnell, Mark J Fitzpatrick
Gravid female arthropods in search of egg-laying substrates embark on foraging-like forays: they survey the environment assessing multiple patches, tasting each with their tarsi and proboscis, and then, if interested, they deposit an egg (or eggs). In fruit flies, Drosophila melanogaster, allelic variation in the foraging gene (for) underlies the rover/sitter foraging behaviour polymorphism. Rover flies (forR) are more active foragers (both within and between food patches) compared to sitters (fors). In nematodes, Caenorhabditis elegans, a mutation in egl-4, the ortholog of for, leads to aberrations in egg laying...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622095/black-and-white-lies-race-based-biases-in-deception-judgments
#5
E Paige Lloyd, Kurt Hugenberg, Allen R McConnell, Jonathan W Kunstman, Jason C Deska
In six studies ( N = 605), participants made deception judgments about videos of Black and White targets who told truths and lies about interpersonal relationships. In Studies 1a, 1b, 1c, and 2, White participants judged that Black targets were telling the truth more often than they judged that White targets were telling the truth. This truth bias was predicted by Whites' motivation to respond without prejudice. For Black participants, however, motives to respond without prejudice did not moderate responses (Study 2)...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617653/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-taping-techniques-on-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#6
Catherine A Logan, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Ashley J Tisosky, Daniel B Haber, Anna Jorgensen, Adam Roy, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Taping is commonly used in the management of several musculoskeletal conditions, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Specific guidelines for taping are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of knee taping in the management of PFPS. Our hypothesis was that tension taping and exercise would be superior to placebo taping and exercise as well as to exercise or taping alone. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source, and CINAHL databases were reviewed for English-language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of various taping techniques that were published between 1995 and April 2015...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614039/controlling-the-cost-of-medicaid
#7
K John McConnell, Michael E Chernew
The federal–state Medicaid program is facing the possibility of the largest and most consequential changes to its funding since its inception in 1965. The American Health Care Act (AHCA), H.R. 1628, as adopted by the House of Representatives on May 4, would replace the current federal matching..
June 14, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613261/identifying-eating-occasion-based-opportunities-to-improve-the-overall-diets-of-australian-adolescents
#8
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Jean Kim, Kevin C Mathias
Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772)...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603979/clinically-divergent-mutation-effects-on-the-structure-and-function-of-the-human-cardiac-tropomyosin-overlap
#9
Mark McConnell, Lauren Tal Grinspan, Michael R Williams, Melissa L Lynn, Benjamin A Schwartz, Ofer Z Fass, Steven D Schwartz, Jil C Tardiff
The progression of genetically inherited cardiomyopathies from an altered protein structure to clinical presentation of disease is not well understood. One of the main roadblocks to mechanistic insight remains a lack of high-resolution structural information about multiprotein complexes within the cardiac sarcomere. One example is the tropomyosin (Tm) overlap region of the thin filament that is crucial for the function of the cardiac sarcomere. To address this central question, we devised coupled experimental and computational modalities to characterize the baseline function and structure of the Tm overlap, as well as the effects of mutations causing divergent patterns of ventricular remodeling on both structure and function...
June 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597507/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-cholecystocentesis-complications-and-association-of-ultrasonographic-findings-with-bile-culture-results
#10
F Schiborra, J F McConnell, T W Maddox
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate cases presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis for associated complications, identify risk factors associated with complications and to assess ultrasonographic findings and relate these to bacterial culture results. METHODS: Data on 300 patients presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis were retrospectively collected and ultrasonographic images were assessed for defined structural changes...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597018/robotic-devices-and-brain-machine-interfaces-for-hand-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#11
Alistair C McConnell, Renan C Moioli, Fabricio L Brasil, Marta Vallejo, David W Corne, Patricia A Vargas, Adam A Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain-machine interfaces. Each patient has a unique clinical history and, in response to personalized treatment needs, research into individualized and at-home treatment options has expanded rapidly in recent years. This has resulted in the development of many devices and design strategies for use in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The development progression of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy devices and brain-machine interface systems is outlined, focussing on those with mechanisms and control strategies designed to improve recovery outcomes of the hand post-stroke...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592589/right-heart-end-systolic-remodeling-index-strongly-predicts-outcomes-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-comparison-with-validated-models
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Myriam Amsallem, Andrew J Sweatt, Marie C Aymami, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Mona Selej, HongQuan Lu, Olaf Mercier, Elie Fadel, Ingela Schnittger, Michael V McConnell, Marlene Rabinovitch, Roham T Zamanian, Francois Haddad
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) end-systolic dimensions provide information on both size and function. We investigated whether an internally scaled index of end-systolic dimension is incremental to well-validated prognostic scores in pulmonary arterial hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2005 to 2014, 228 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension were prospectively enrolled. RV end-systolic remodeling index (RVESRI) was defined by lateral length divided by septal height...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580432/random-sequences-are-an-abundant-source-of-bioactive-rnas-or-peptides
#13
Rafik Neme, Cristina Amador, Burcin Yildirim, Ellen McConnell, Diethard Tautz
It is generally assumed that new genes arise through duplication and/or recombination of existing genes. The probability that a new functional gene could arise out of random non-coding DNA is so far considered to be negligible, since it seems unlikely that such a RNA or protein sequence could have an initial function that influences the fitness of an organism. We have here tested this question systematically, by expressing clones with random sequences in E . coli and subjecting them to competitive growth. Contrary to expectations, we find that random sequences with bioactivity are not rare...
June 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570973/costs-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-mortality-associated-with-near-roadway-air-pollution
#14
Sylvia Brandt, Brenton Dickinson, Rakesh Ghosh, Frederick Lurmann, Laura Perez, Bryan Penfold, John Wilson, Nino Künzli, Rob McConnell
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that the near-roadway air pollution (NRAP) mixture contributes to CHD, yet few studies have evaluated the associated costs. OBJECTIVE: We integrated an assessment of NRAP-attributable CHD in Southern California with new methods to value the associated mortality and hospitalizations. METHODS: Based on population-weighted residential exposure to NRAP (traffic density, proximity to a major roadway and elemental carbon), we estimated the inflation-adjusted value of NRAP-attributable mortality and costs of hospitalizations that occurred in 2008...
May 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569374/quantitative-pulsed-cest-mri-at-a-clinical-3t-mri-system
#15
Julia Stabinska, Tom Cronenberg, Hans-Jörg Wittsack, Rotem Shlomo Lanzman, Anja Müller-Lutz
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to quantify CEST related parameters such as chemical exchange rate and fractional concentration of exchanging protons at a clinical 3T scanner. For this purpose, two CEST quantification approaches-the AREX metric (for 'apparent exchange dependent relaxation'), and the AREX-based Ω-plot method were used. In addition, two different pulsed RF irradiation schemes, using Gaussian-shaped and spin-lock pulses, were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Numerical simulations as well as MRI measurements in phantoms were performed...
May 31, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568245/quality-metrics-and-systems-transformation-are-we-advancing-alcohol-and-drug-screening-in-primary-care
#16
Traci Rieckmann, Stephanie Renfro, Dennis McCarty, Robin Baker, K John McConnell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of Oregon's coordinated care organizations (CCOs) and pay-for-performance incentive model on completion of screening and brief intervention (SBI) and utilization of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment services. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary analysis of Medicaid encounter data from 2012 to 2015 and semiannual qualitative interviews with stakeholders in CCOs. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal mixed-methods design with simultaneous data collection with equal importance...
May 31, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555585/highlights-from-the-27th-eccmid
#17
John McConnell, Onisillos Sekkides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549400/bemfola-%C3%A2-fixed-dose-pens-potentially-reduce-drug-wastage-and-associated-costs-of-infertility-treatment
#18
Graham Foxon, Paul Mitchell, Nikki Turner, Anne McConnell, Helen Kendrew, Julian Jenkins
Bemfola(®) is a recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) used during infertility treatment. One main differentiator between FSH products is their delivery device; consisting of multi-dose pens (Gonal-f(®)), vials or multi-dose preparations (Menopur(®)), or adjustable daily disposable dose pens (Bemfola(®)). To determine the potential impact of delivery device on drug wastage during infertility treatment this study retrospectively analysed Gonal-f(®) and Menopur(®) prescription and usage data from five UK clinics...
May 26, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544288/impact-of-hospital-best-practice-mandates-on-prescription-opioid-dispensing-after-an-emergency-department-visit
#19
Benjamin C Sun, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Christina J Charlesworth, Hyunjee Kim, Daniel M Hartung, Richard A Deyo, K John McConnell
OBJECTIVE: Washington State mandated seven hospital "best practices" in July 2012, several of which may affect ED opioid prescribing and provide a policy template for addressing the opioid prescription epidemic. We tested the hypothesis that the mandates would reduce opioid dispensing after an ED visit. We further assessed for a selective effect in patients with prior risky or chronic opioid use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational analysis of ED visits by Medicaid fee-for service beneficiaries in Washington State, between July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2013...
May 23, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537369/dental-problems-and-familismo-social-network-discussion-of-oral-health-issues-among-adults-of-mexican-origin-living-in-the-midwest-united-states
#20
G Maupome, W R McConnell, B L Perry
Objective: To examine the influence of collectivist orientation (often called familismo when applied to the Latino sub-group in the United States) in oral health discussion networks. Basic Research Design: Through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face interviews, we identified respondents' (egos) personal social network members (alters). Egos stated whom they talked with about oral health, and how often they discussed dental problems in the preceding 12 months...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
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